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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, January 22, 1912, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1912-01-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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?uiiiitu onice.?1? a. Mtjn Strata
Sou lb lllchmos?.1010 Hull Street
*P?ttraburc Bureau....109 N. Sycamor* Strati
ayyacbburs ?u.*sn.1U Slgbtb 8tr**l
BT MAU, Od? biz Thro* Oot
POSTAGE PAID T??r. Mos. Mo*. Mo.
Daily with Sunday.JS.W 1S.00 11.60 .6.
Del) without KunSay.... 4.00 too ]_oo .U
?uod*y edition onl7. *?? l ?' M ::
.Wtfkly OVrJutiiliy). LOO to .S? ...
B> Timer-Dlepalch Carrier Delivery Ser
?lc* Id Richmond (Ban ecburbi) and PS- I
lr n> urg? , On* W?*l
!>?.' > r, 11h Sunday. II centi
Daily without Sunday. 10 crni* '
6ucday only. I - ten
Entered January Tl. ?i Itlcbmond.
V*., aa -cecond-rlnsa matter und*.- ac: of
<-or.?.--?? if Marrh j. U7*.
MONDAY. JANUARY ?7 1912.
a m:i:duii prbvextive pumcv.
Thero 1? upon tlfc House ca 1 end a v.
?with a favorable committee r?p?rt, a
bill which seeks to establish i horoe
foi the feeble-minded on the" farm of
the State Epileptic Colony, near Lynch
burg. Tills measure should be passed
at this session and not done *.o death
by legislative inaction. It? passage
?will prevent the spend'ttg of millions
by the State in tie future, because it
will segregate the feeble-minded and
prevent the pro pa get
sliable second genets
ought to act tor its i
tectiou. if not fot . tii
peliing reasons. Th
eventually become wa
piling up scat
munlty evcr>
become ch.tritablc wards ihey bee
criminal or Insane wards, and iu'1
the state vast sun-.-- of money
Thnt the proposed institution
m of an linde-]
ion. The State'
um la! ;,olt-pro
i valid -m 1 im-j
feeble-ntlnde ;;
Is of the Static
uses in cv?ry com-i
If they do not'
r.etied in Virginia i.? sj
the letters which have
many sections u: ging th
*fs--*i.T.e and take rare >
Eiitiicd peorlr. Tonder
minded child in Amelia,
in Flanpihanr.ork. a liepcn
for-vfd fecble-mindeo sir
two weak-minded children
the mother feels thst eh
a feehle-mir.d-id c-iphin
teen, with no home and
danger, a be> : r when
rartr.ts car. no longer car
the menace to society whl
spc-nsiblc What chance I
ati orphan, honicleys and
dsngcr. to avoi'i being
enemy to society" If thi
established' ?he couiri b<
from
iror.i:
?st.tte:
rebi? '
constant
s grand-!
i it .nrl .
sor.stai.t
>ductivc
men of
given pre
po?ed. fo
moat d?f
potential
society.
If this in
mission of weak-mindedness
ity. insanity would be dcci
per cent, and criminality
These Figures ate the result <
Investigations covering ii wltl
research. Professor Davcnpt
tor of tlu- Carnegie station f.'
mental Evolution, believes th
class can be prevented fr?n
on their affliction through
witiiin thirty years feeble-n
refill
d ??{'
?Vi
. If this
passing
r.Udrc:.. j
fdcdness!
of * higher
minded, supp
ku Ii i'im: i t>ip
cause oi Rinc cnmp und ail that ihut
Institution stands for in iieallli and
sees! welfare, there should I? no
doubt as to the size and iiuiillij ?l the
a j'iieiiee
ECUXOMt in fill. i l iii.lt \i si:h
efficiency and economj
service is a most Uli
valuable public d?i urn
the commission has dl
less opportunities for
thOtigh Its work. ac
President; haa )usl c
airead;. aouompllfchtd by
changes in departmental
is estimated to be greutei
coat of the inquiry up t>
wnlch la 1130,000. The ta'v'ji
tat commission thus !?:? hat
be p.-acticablc are estimated
006 annually
The commisatoii hai tt.
often the governmeni pu>*
sonK for doing tlie work of
It has unearthed gioss d.sp
tween tiic costs in difforcn
divisions and departments
ting and
Naturally,
red count-'
nomy, ai
ig to tilt
nie eat Ins
suggested
methods
than the
this time,
doing
the aaaio sort of work. It finds that
sonic of tho bureaus and divisions ure
duplicating the work of other bureaus
and divisions. It concludes that cer?
tain services may be done away with
completely and the work assigned them
handled more efficiently by other ser?
vices or dispersed with as unnecessary.
It finds that the government bus been
anything but business-like in some ot j
its dealings.
As a typical instance of stupid tin-;
business-like methods the distribution!
of public <l.intents Is a case ill i
point. The department publications J
arc manufactured ir. the Government j
Printing ?fllcc. Bach job when com-'
pic ted Is delivered to the department j
ordering ?. where in? copies arc
wrapped and addressed. Then they go]
to the post-office to be pssorted and
prepared for shipment. From there
they arc hauled to the railroad station. :
ivhleh Is only a few sic;.? from the.
Government Printing Ofllce. where
they originated. No less than a
quarter of a million dollars. President
Taft asserts, is wasted by this Uli-j
necessary handling, "to say nothing of
the Indirect loss due to luck ot proper:
co-ordination."
Another case cited is the showing
thai the handling of incoming mall '
costs in one department *e.S i per'
thousand, and Ir. another $Si.tO per j
thousand, while the cost ot handling
outgoing mail varies from ?.."> ?t to
$09.S!?. The government spends $12.- ;
000,000 for the transportation of Its
employes, but the commission found
that, although the largest user of
transportation, the government was'
purchasing railroad tickets on a less
favorable basis than would be possible
!f the subject of traveling cxpfiidt
tare: wer' handled systematically]
from me pou t of view of xTie govern?
ment us a whole. By lest m two de?
partments an average saving of a halt
.1 cent per mile wss she>wn to be
feasible. Attachment to traveling ac- j
counts of an affidavit said to be un-,
necessary cost? $60,000 a year. Tests
of Improved methods of copying docu-1
ments in several government offices re- |
s ilted in a *aving of more tlisn '. .'?
per cent- "This change' in one small |
cross-section o: ofllce practice." writes
the President, "will offset the whole :
oat of Inquiry." I
An appropriation of $2?v,000 is >
therefore, asked f?t the continuation J
of the work of the commission. The
New Orleans Times-Democrat pern- !
nently says that "some of ?s win be j
tempted to suggest that the commis?
sion Is taking a painfully long time to,
complete its tusk, and thereby is es:-1 1
posing itsetl to * suspicion tnat it ts J :
doing a lot of costly work ciuite as un- 1
necessary as some of that uncovered |
bj Its research, of depattment meth?
ods." However, if the commission can j
.Ufec; the saving that the President '
tninks.lt can. the investment will bei
wise and one which the government
tut: fit m vi.i .
.Motion pictures constitute the most
popular indooi amusement to-day. In
fact, they rank nest to the ertat game
of baseball in ouMic favor, and no j i
amusement has made such enormous!
strides so rapidly a* that which centres! j
iron nil the scudding him. The souvenir
posts! card is ru-.ning behind in
effort to compete with the film. The',
moving picture enjoys a worldwide I \
popularity, It has secured a strong I i
foothold in Europe5, Australia, c^utli,.
\'''ie?. Japan and many other parts of j i
the globe-. Report? ?.onie-.nint the j j
moving picture Industry, made to then
D?pa-tint-lit of Commerce and L-.bor blyP
L'nlttd Ptate.? consuls In these cdtin- h
did liot ex!": 10-dilj Ft vast busuetsl
has developed both in producing ind
exhibiting films London has 217 pic?
ture- playhouses, and more are being
added constantly. There the prices
r'u fidih i cents to "l cents. Pome
Knghsh lilnis are made very rapidly.
For ir,siar.ee. the Grand National Stee?
plechase race was held In Liverpool.
London, and mej
the music halls i
id ai e tnalnl) !
I.lle in eicr-j
meets with!
of cohstrut
?<i Turkey
ihowa and'
general
?t verse
ins.ilar
?'res
scars ago inern were no moving picture
shows Vm In a decade the moving
picture nas circled the world.
Mill TAX MOCKS SCHOOL TAX.
I Durham uj,r; one of the first countict
in North Carolina te, start goe.d and
perinanent road building, and has kept!
up the work until now by every man'"]
a good hlghwa;
' Durham's population is ahoul ".-..o*Jf?. I
i of whom about one half live In the rural
I districts. Stoke-s county, which, jo far
j as natural resource.- are concerned. I? I
described as "having Durham bae-kedi
j off the map." has hardly a foot of
, good road in H.
in Durham the schools ar? ?pien-!
didly housed and equipped, and the at
! tendancs even in the- wont of weather.
j Is ipoken of ?* a wonder, in Stoket
tho school? arc. for the most part, on
jtt par with the roads, and the attend?
ance comparatively meagre ami spas
j modle, varying with weather condl
j Hons.
j One of the principal Stoke* school
' districts has 12$ white children of
j school age. hut during the month of
l December the average attendance was
? less than thirty, which argues a de
| plnrahle drift toward.-, illiteracy, if not
a large percentage of illiterates.
The school superintendent of Dur?
ham county reccntlv reported, in addi?
tion 10 the gratifying attendance men?
tioned, thai there were only forty-four
white illiterates In the entire terri?
tory under his supcrlhtendenoy.
in discussing these contrasts, South?
ern Good Roads atgu.s that they prove j
that good roads and pood schools, and j
consequently diffusion and ad\anee-j
nient of education, arc largely inter-j
dependent. To our mind, the arsu-1
mc'nt is conclusive.
The im I ;n mocks the school las j
The press has lately been filled with |
ringing estimates of General Dee, and '
one of the most eloquent of them was
that ot the Rev. Plato Durham, >f
Charlotte, delivered on Dee's Birthday. !
Hero is its peroration:
"Once many years ago I stood within
the doors of the chapel at Washing?
ton and l.ec. A dim and holy li:--ht
filtered through the windows, around
which the shadows of the evening wer?
gathering. Through the half light ;
there loomed before me in the apse
of the chapel a white tlguro resting
majestically upon its couch. It was
the world-famous statue of Lee. If to
the students of that institution. If to
the young men of the .South, that si?
lent and majestic Image means half
so much as It did to tue in the twilight
of that day, even in his ashes Dec is
the mightiest force among us. and his
dead, dumb lips speak a message more
exalted than the pen of any writer
or the tongue of any orator of our bet- .
ter day."
As we have said before, the ir.- j
fiuenco. as well as the fame, of General i
Lee is immortal.
Postmaster-General Hitchcock may
be expected soon to recommend a gOV-l
ernmcnt.il monopoly of tho air for
wireless telegraphy purposes.
The congressional Investigations are',
becoming so obstreperous that it may!
eventually be necessary to Investigate j
the Investigators.
Tho Irish players were treated to:
stale eggs in Philadelphia. Perhaps
fresh ones would have astonished!
them more.
Governor Foss is being guarded by 1
u'itcctives. That is probably the only
presidential prerogative he will ever
enjo>.
An army post In Richmond would!
l ave a tendency lo keep the army bet- I
ter posted.
The General Assembly
and Tax Reform
111. Equalization Means De?
creased Taxation
The tax question will be square- I
ly presented to the General Assembly!
this week. With the Hyrd bill sot
n special and continuing order
for Thursday, the legislators of the i
lower house will begin the discussion
n that day. In the meantime they I
are carefully studying a measure I,
?vhich. tor some reason, has gained a1
reputation for great complexity.
The Byrd bill is not complex. If
lima to do a few things and do them j
as cheaply and thoroughly as possible. I
It alms above all else to equalize as
-< ssments. ThU is the fundamental
fact. Opponents of the meneure may
strive to becloud the issue, but the
i ruth remains. Under no conditions
.-.I ir. -n contingency will the opera?
tion o:' the Byrd bill mean a dollar
Increased state taxes on the aggre?
gate personal property of the State.
Xo Inorraae In Taxe?.
It is true that the hill as originally
drafted contemplated the assessment
Of p?i mnal property for a single year
i: its full market vslue and the
continuance of the same rate there?
on. But this will not be done if the*
House adopts an amendment which Mr.
Byrd himself w'.ll offer. This amend?
ment provides that ihe tax rale wilt
be automatically reduced for every
dollar of increase in the assessment,
nd that toe aggregate, taxes levied un
der the new law shall not exceed ihono
levied under the old. In some local1
ties tl\e Increased valuation will prob?
ably l,e proportionately greater than
the dectease In the tax rate; but it i? I
;i demonstrable fact that llie taxes of ill
considerable majority of the people r,f
Virginia will be notably reduced if the'
o |] becomes a law. The frienels of
progress should remember this and
should remember that with the pro?
posed amendment, this hill seeks equal?
ization or,'.: If 's opposed It will lie
opposed by those who oppose equaliza?
tion
llnllroa'l Taxes,
The Lynchburg Newa and the Brook
neaj Union, In discussing the tax re?
port, have come to the conclusion that
prent injustice is being done the.
taxpayers of the Commonwealth be?
cause no increase in railroad laxes s
ontcmplaled at this time. It is per- j
ffcetly proper, ?'ays the able, editor of
the Nov.?. to increase the- valuation of!
personal property to its full market j
all-, and to ta x It accordingly; hut
11 ls\ thoroughly Improper to do this
vtthout increasing the valuation of
railroad property.
Lei til' cold facts be applied to this!
apparently reasonable argument. In ;
the first plae.r. has Just been point-)
<-d out, there Is to be no increased lax. I
ation of perse/natty. The Byrd bill i
merely proposes that the personal;
pi iperty r, ot.T-r Virginia clliea and)
counties be. a*se???.) at the tame rate-!
kit which it In assessed in Lynchburg;
?>:-? the arfmltable commissioner of that;
town. But. declares the new amend-!
rnent to the Mil to prevent any in- j
istlee the ?ig^.-'-gat? shall not exceed
the present aggregate, The rat* will!
be reduced. Wollt the valuation Is in- I
creased. Can this, by any process of
argument, 'ot construed Into an In-1
crease r/f uj?f or, personalty? '-'an It;
re regarded honestly by any logic, as.,
a discrimination :,:r.,(ni-t the people in,
.favo- of th? railroads?
But there > i:,',!,,rr answer to thi I
same argument' Personal property;
throughout t:t Mate: .* assessed at i
a'..o'it :i: per cent of its value. The:
Personal propert) of railroads, after;
careful Investigation, appear* to be, i
assessed at a>re,.j. go f)?r ctnt. oi iXf ,
market van? l .-??!. w?r? mere an in- -'
? real.: In 'h? *, fcK reya t e taxes on pai - '
son,,; property- arid thure la none ?
" trK ?'?''<-<. within' '???.ona.'blr. lim?
its, would be Justified oy actual fa<u*
JVhjn H C?mo?e to r?H| ??Ute. th* rail?
roads and privat? holder* are about on
a parity but there ar*. to be t.o in?
crease* Ir. Ihe Ux on re.) ?*ti,t? until
I'JIC -until then ,? ample rime to low
?1 tae rate
I To conclude, tile Writer belUva* that
the railroad* will have * setter com
plaint agaip?! tr.e publle than the pub'
I he ulll ha????. sira.nrt ft? rajiroads. un
dor the proposed law. If th'trc It) dls
ci-imlnutioii It I? certainly in favor of
the individual property ftoWor,
i he mim'K nuil Hood Tu.
A nuiuocr of Individuals mid two
newspapers of acknowledged stand?
ing? tiie Dunxlllc Ucglstcr and the
iticimiund Journal?have criticised the
proposed ITetcher bill, which Is t"
levy a low rate of iax on stinks uu>!
bonds and t>- limit the looul tax. Thj?
oil has nothing to do with the Byrd
bill; it Is one of a dozen subsidiary
bills which are to ;>c Introduced In uc
conlancc with the -recommendations
of the Tux Commission. Rut the Tax
Commission is iirinly behind this mcaa
itrc and bcllleves it eminently lust.
To illustrate Us justice, I t n ease
be cited Which will uppenl !?. the Iteg
Ister?the easu of it 1111,11 vllie widow.
Tills woman's husband died and left
her $3,000 In trust for her children.
Trust 'es wi re appointed: the runds
were invea-tod In a real estate inert
'gage by direction of the court. The
mortgage paid c per cant., or JlSu the
year. Yet from this amount?nor oniv
I Income?the Danville widow had 1,.
; pay the State $10.50 and the cltv ?(
Danville fi'J.&O. in other words she
Inad 10 pay :?!' per cent, ol h;r total
Income in taxes. is there a man In
lAlrgliila v.i.o win d< f, nd this? Yet it
is this very condition which the Fletch?
er bill, tvhe lllntrodilvid, will seek to
remedy u will |m)vidb that the lax
be matte at least ?omowltnt proportion?
ate to the earning capacity of I he
property taxed.
Hut. it will b> argued, suppose this
Is done. There will be a reduction in
the Income trom the tux ami u ten
sequent decline In the public revenue
To meet this, there must be increases
in tiie taxes on personal proporty and
ieal estate. Experience has not shown
this |o be the ease, but were It the
Case, it might atilt be defended. If a
decrease in the ts\ on intangibles did
mean an Increase in the tax 011 real
estate, thai iaereasi would be iiimi.
lied, so Ions 11a tiie present rule re?
mains The owners or Intangibles are
certainly discriminated against.
Hut would there be a decrei.se in
the revenue and would there have toi
be h consequent increase in the tax
on tangible personally and real es?
tate? experience answers, no. Busi?
ness men who now evade the tax 4>n j
stocks and bonds and who would bei
justlticd in evading it but for their I
oath, would pay a fair tax- Hidden
stores of wealth would come on thai
tax tiooks. and the Increased valuation
of Intangibles would more than offset
the decreased tax. Tins Is no Idle1
dreami Maryland tried It. and In lif
teen years the valuation of Intangibles
increased fron: 16.000,000 to } 11'.? i?ii" .
POO.
^ Capital I? Beloc Urpellcd.
Something must be done to cud our
old policy of ferreting out inlunglbk'S |
and taxing ihem at the flnt property
rate. We are losing capital by It:
we are repelling capital at our bor?
ders. Stich methods cost Ohio the 1 s
Idcnc? of John l>. itockefcller iytd
more thai, $200,000,000 into other States. ]
.Such methods, if continued, will drive
our capitalists from the State.
As an i-iiMencc of what this may'
mean to Virginia the writer met a'
trustee of n large estate Saturday. I
with whom he discussed the question.!
Tbc man wog no plutocrat, no capital-;
ist: he was a hard-headed, common-j
sense business man, who managed the
estates of his wife and of a former
business partner, estate;- won by hon?
est toll and suved by patient economy, i
And here is whai this business man
said: "I cannot pay Richmond and j
State taxes unless I Invest In r.on
taxable securities. If 1 do this the :
Income of the estates I control is re- J
d?ced by at least 1 ?-4 per cent. Un-!
less relief comes l shall have 10 move I
to Washington or to Philadelphia.
Where 1 can get a low rate." Docs,
Virginia want to see this man and
hundreds like hlni driven away.' Does
the .State want to stand at the Mary?
land boundary and warn away capl- j
lallStS? Yet she Is doing both.
Another feature of the Fletcher bill'
may he mentioned. When It Is in- |
troduccd it will carrj a clause ex-|
emptlng from taxation the bonds of:
any Virginia district, county, town or j
city where such bonds arc- exempted
by the locality Issuinc them. This 1
will mean that Danville bonds will
have to pay no local tnx in Richmond,
and that Wise county bond- need pay
no taxes in Danville This, In turn,
means wider markets, horn a' invest?
ments, a lower rate of interest on
municipal securities. Who would pre?
vent this In an ace where there Is
much need for economy and little in?
clination'.'
Write Your Member.
It Is useless t? conceal the fact
that the Byrd bill and Its subsidiary
measures will meet with opposition.
Why there Is opposition and whence .
it comes will he duly explained to the
public when It appears In the mean-;
time let Cltlcens who are- interested in
tax-reform write their members of . the I
General Assembly, ur.glnK their sup?
port of the Byrd bill. Point out thej
fundamental truth and- Vtnmand an
answer: canalization means reduced]
taxes for a majority of the citizens of
Virginia. D. R. FREEMAN.
Voice of the People
The OHlce-Holder?' Trust ?t Work.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Slr.t?-1 read with Interest the edi?
torial, in your Sunday issue, in regard
to the proposed effort of the city
treasurers to have the Constitution so
amended aa to allow the sito succeed
themselves. I am glad to see your
earnest opposition to any such meas?
ure.
The power of these treasurers should
he broken, and one of the best ways
to accomplish this Is not to perpetuate
them in office.
I was In your city the day and night
the Democratic caucus was hold to
nominate the candldnte for Auditor o?
Public Accounts. I was n t there as
a lobbyist, but on a matter of busi?
ness, but 1 was deeply interested in
the success of my fellow townsman.
Hon. Chas. A. Johnpton. What time I
could spare 1 was In consultation with
him and his friends. While hopeful of
success, they stood In dread of the
pernicious influence of the "office?
holders' trust." I had doubted that
there was any such organization in
existence, but when 1 learned that
more than sixty telegrams were sent
Abe Martin
Verj few authors live happily ever
afterwards. Th' rich man frets his
picture In th' paper m-jien he dies nn'
th' poor man when he's cured.
A JOKE ON THE OLD GENTLEMAN.
By John T. McCutcheon.
(rvpvHsrtit: 1013: By John T. McCSitcheoc 1
"Uncle hat quite a bad cojc of Teddyphobia. We'll "By the way, Uncle, I tee by thit paper that Roote
play a little johe on him with thit old newtpaper." celt refute* to allow hit name to go before the Pret
identlal convention."
"Don't you belieoe it for a minute! He may tay "At the latt minute he'll decide to accept the
he won't run, but you mark my wordt? nomination in tplte of hit promite not to run. He
can't fool met"
"Why, I'd bet a million dollart to a cent that "You loots, Uncle. He didn't run.
he runt!"
out of Richmond on Wednesday night,
urging treasurers and clerks to tush
to the city so iih to i(e on bund Die
night of the caucus; when I saw a
number of these ofllcors who had re?
sponded to the call; when 1 was in?
formed that there were a large
number present who were unknown
to me: and when Individual In?
stances of their efforts were brought i
to my attention, all doubts vanished, I
and there stood lb* "trust" disclosed
before me In all Its arrogance and
power.
T could mention at '.east a dozen In?
stances in which they made them?
selves felt, and should occasion re
quire It win be done. Notably a cierk i
from tne city of Norfolk, whom It Is I
represented had received favors, was !
most active and effective. The trcas-;
urer of the city of Rounoke got in his I
work well, and yet he is of the .las?
who desires to perpetuate, themselves I
in office and power.
i ills contept should open the eyes
Of the people and set them thinking,
for It discloses the fact that the, of?
ficers of the Commonwealth, who arc
charged with the collection of its
revenues, have exerted their power
and Influence to dlctata who should be
the officer with whom they must ac- |
count, and whose duty It is to call]
them to book, is not tills alarming:?
< ibans' *be Snow Ilcmovnl T.avr.
To the Editor of The Times-Dispatch:
Sir.? Please print the following In
your paper for the benefit of th.-isc
llvlng In. the central part of the city, I
who can" ill afford to pay a tine for
not moving snow from unfrequented
street?.
T have cleaned my sidewalk five
times, but had to pay SL' line for not
moving the sleet thai could not have
been moved without damaging the
bricks.
It Is no trouble for a policeman
to go out Tenth and Eleventh Streets
and report violations of the law, but
bad he gone out to I.ee District (say
Allison Street) he would have been
very busy reporting delinquents.
Tf the " policeman b.nd Just notified
the people they would have cleaned off
the snow and he would not have wast?
ed time In court that could have heen
spent looking after real lawbreakers.
Now why not mnke n. move either
to abolish the law or allow any clt.
een to report cases of violation of the
law, so nil may suffer the penalty, and
not only a few people of the working
class? J. P. T.
Richmond.
La Marquise de Fontenoy |
f ORD HYDE, who. with his Vlfo
and two younger children, is
' inking up his residence in Can?
ada, in the province of Ontario with
the Intention of making his principal1
home on the property he lias purchased
there, until he succeeds to his father's
honors and estates, is the only son Of
tho Earl of Clarendon, who two years
ago married the rich widow of the
Hon. Edward Burke, son of the fifth
Lord Mayo. Lord Hyde, like h'n fath?
er, Is a cadet of the house of Villlers,
of which the Earl of Jersey Is tho
chief. Tho actual Earldom or Claren?
don was created by George III. in 1776
In favor of Sir William Villlcrs, a
younger son of the second Lord Jer?
sey, who married the granddaughter
and heiress of Henry Hyde, the lust
Earl ?'f Clarendon and R?chest of the
Hyde family. To the latter, It may be
remembered, both Queen Mary and
(j?icn Annr belonged, through their
mother, who was J-ady Anne Hyde,
daughter of I-ord Chancellor Claren?
don. She died as Due.hess of York
before tho accession to the throne of
her husband, James II. His r.ocond
wlfo was Mary, of Modena, who be?
came his Queen and mother of the old
pretender. The present Dord Claren?
don has two places in the country in
England, which will be eventually in?
herited by Eord Hyde, .he one Is now
the. completely ruined Castle of tvonll
worth, so familiar to all the readers
C11 rt IST IA N SBURG1". 1:
ot fcjlr Walter Scott, through hi* pop?
ular novel of that name, while the oth?
er, where the eari m?kea his principal
home, is. known as the Drove; and la
situated at Watford, not fur out tronil
London. It is of the Queen Anne,
style of architecture, dating In Its j
present condition from the. first years
of the eighteenth century, and wasi
purchased somewhere about 17f?3 by
the ilrst Lord Clarendon of the pres?
ent line. It Is said to be haunted by
the ghoet of the third Lord Doneralle,I
who was one of its former OWnors, and{
v.-hose appearance on a ghostly horse. 1
accompanied by a pack of spectral
hounds, chasing a phantom fox, Is said
to constitute a punishment for the ? :t.
which he committed In building the
kitchen on the site and foundations
of the old-time chapel, which le de-j
stroyed for the purpose.
The place Is full of nil sort? of rnag-|
r.lficent pictures and hlstorh rellci,
among them the original gold key fit
Hyde Park in London, presented by
King Charles 1. to his Lord Chancel
lor Clarendon, when In l^s.S he decide
ed to sacrifice his own pleasures of
the chasH to the welfare of his peo?
ple, and abolishing his game preserves
:n the park of Hyde, threw It open to
the public. giving the gold key;
of the gates of tho domain to the
Lord High Chancellor In token of the.
occasion. The people car.nol be sal.i
to have shown themselves grateful foi I
the gift, since shortly afterwards they;
rose against him and deprived him not.
only of his throne and of his liberty,
but also of his head.
Another relic is the portrait of the
Infanta Catherine of Braganza. which
was sent over to Charles II. from Lis?
bon for his inspection, and which so
captivated him that he made her his
Queen.
The present Lord Clarendon was for
many years lord chamberlain to both
Cjucen Victoria and to Edward VII.,
and in that capacity has been called
upon to take an active part 1.1 lh-j
presentation of many men and ,'oincri
from this side of the Atlantic et the
eourt of St. James. His llrst wife was
Lady Caroline Agar, eldest daughter]
Of the third Earl of Normnnton. and it,
Is by her that he has his ?wo children,;
Lorei Hyde and Lady Edith. ..iurrle.il
to the (ion and heir of Lord Mount!
Eelgecumbe.
One of Lord Clnreini??
is to say an aunt of Lord Hyde, wl'll
be remembered botli in the Dominion
and In the United States, us having
spent several years In the New World]
when her husband, who. dying as six?
teenth Earl of Derby, was Governor
General of Canada, under the name of
Lord Stanley of Preaton. Another aunt|
of Lord Hyde is the widowed Lady
Ampthill, whose husband, as Lord
Odo Russell, was for many years Brit?
ish ambassador in Berlin.
The father of Lord Clarendon played
a very Important role under Queen
Victoria as Secretary of State for for- !
eicn Affairs, and was on tern.s of par?
ticularly close Intimacy with Empress
Eugenie, his affection for her being al?
ways marked, prior and subsequent to
her marriage, by a certain amount of
parental tenderness. This served to
give color to the report according to
which the lato earl wns In reality her
father, having been tis a young man
one of the most devoted and favored
admirers of her niothor, the wjeked
old Comtesse do Monlljo, whom oven
Queen Isabella, by no means H saint,
could not stand, and considered it n< ?
cessnry to deprive her ot the rlignl
ties In connection with the royal court
of Madrid.
Lieutenant Michael Maxwell-H
of the royal navy, whose death is re?
ported from England, was thi sccon :
son of Mrs. Maxwell-Scot:, own< r ."t
Abbotsford, and a groat-granddaugh?
ter of the great novelist. .Sir Walter
Scott. The Hon. Jost pit and Mrs Max?
well-Scott arc frequent visitors to
America, while there are few American
or Canndlan tourists visiting Scotland
who have not made their pllgrltnvgc to
Abbotsford and to Melrose Abbey. In
fact, Abbotsford. three miles to the
west of Melr?sc Abbey, is visited each
y?ar by an average of from 10.000 to
Ol 5 strangers, and It Is the lark
of privacy in connection therewith
that led the widowed Marchlor-css of
Bute, who had rented It for a time, to
terminate her tenancy.
:-'ir Walter Scott's dautrhter married
John Lockhart, the historian. They
had three children, the youngest of
whom. Ch.irlotte married James Hope
who by net of Parliament, took th?
name of Hopo.Scott, earliest and most
Intimate friend of William E. Glnd
Btone The Hope-Scott? hud also three
children, the eldest of whom, Mary
Monica Hope-Rcott, is the present own?
er of Ahbotsford. In 1S74 she married
the Hon. Joseph Maxwell. younger
brother of the late Lord Herrles, of
l'veringham Park, and her husband
after the wedding, took the necessary
legal steps to assume the name of
Maxwell Scott, which he now bears.
The late Lord Herrles was succeeded
in his honors. not by his younger
brother, but by his eldest daughter,
the second and present wife of tho
Dttko of Norfolk.
Mrs. Maxwell-Scott wns the object
of an unusual net of graciouanees on
her first presentation nt court during
the reign of Queen VlctoTla. The
Queen was in the hnblt of according
a kiss to peeresses, and to the daugh?
ters of peers on their first presenta?
tion. Mrs. Maxwell-Scott could lay
claim to no such distinction of birth.
But when sho was presented at a
drawing room at. Buculngham Paiete
by the Duchess of Bucclouch. the
Queen, who always preferred the
Waverley Novels to every other form
of romantic literature, kissed her on
both cheeks, exclaiming. "Here is all
we have left of Sir Walter."
Mrs. Mnxwcll-Scott bears a consid?
erable resemblance to her celenrated
great-grandfather, and tho familiar
drooping eyes of Sir Walter look out
from beneath p wldo, full brow, which
Is so like that of Chantry's nend of
the novelist that it might have served
as a model. She is herself a gifted
writer, has edited the lust an'', best
edition of Sir Wiltor's "Diary." his
been a frequent contributor to Har
per's and other American magazines
and is tho author of "Incidents In
Scottish History," "The Mak.'ng of
Abbotsford" and several other popular
books.
(Copyright, 1012. by the Brent wood
Company.)
COMFORT IN TRAVELING
The National State and City Bank
R.CHMOND, VA.,
Furnishes
LETTERS OF CREDIT
and
TRAVELERS' CHECKS,
which enable a traveler to obtain money without inconveni?
ence in any part of the world.

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