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Uuiht? Offloe.?1? K. Mnin Stroet. South Illchmon<l.1CX Hull Street. Petersburg Bureau_1W N. L'ycamoro Street l.yochburg Buicau.Jli Eighth Street BT MAIL. One slx Three One POSTAGE PAID Tear. Mo?. Mos. Mo. Daily with Sunday.loW t3-00 tl-50 Dslly without Sunday.... COO t.W 1.00 .IS Sunday edition only. 2.00 1.00 .60 .Co Weekly (Wednesday).1.00 .M SS ? ?? By Times-Dispatch Carrier Delivery Ser? vice In Richmond (and suburbs i and Pe? tersburg- One Week Dally with .\ -nday. U> ce-ta Dally without Sunday. 10 cents Sunday only. t cents Entered January an, 1505. at Richmond. Vs., a? second-class matter under not of Congress of Marcvh S, JS7S. WEDNESDAY, JANUARy SI, W12. RESPONSIBLE GOVRRX1IENT. In every Stato governed by the peo? ple, power and responsibility are In? separable. A dospot maintains him? self by power alone; he Is .responsible only to his Ood and to his conscience., A weak democracy, where responslbll-i Ity Is divided and power Is dissipated.] has never In tho history o' the world I endured and prospered. The _ United! Ftatea of America Is the one consplcu-j <ius example of a government In ?hloh the division of power and re-j eponelblllty, or "the separation of powers," as Montesquieu puts It, has, not ended IB destruction. Only In tho. United States and the Spanish-Amerl-j can repuhllcs does the doctrine of the | separation of power now exist, and| the Spanish-American rtpubllcs are; military despotisms, based upon the plundering and power of politicians.! in his lecture on National Oovernment,j Henry Jones Ford says of the separa-j lion of powers: "Franco In 17S1 and: Norway In 1S14 both adopted It Inj their national constitutions, and bolhj after violent struggles And distress re-l jecied 1L In the eyes of European thinkers this doctrine possesses a mero antiquarian interest. The Cam-! bridge modern history, for example, I curtly dismisses this doctrine as aj hallucination that hindered the forma? tion of agencies for the control of government by public opinion." In the United States of America, alone of all the civilized nHtlons, does this doctrine still have sway, and It pre? vails to the distress and misgovern ment of the people. Tho situation In the Legislature strongly emphasizes this fact, and forcibly shows how Irresponsible our government 16. By force of Intellect and personality, by hard study, by effective grasp of public questions, Speaker Byid is easily the leading i political thinker in active life tn Vir-; ginla to-day. Out of the chnos of! patchwork liquor legislation hei evolved the Byrd-Mann liquor law?ai bill that has given satisfaction and! has carried out the Intentions of Its, framere. It was Mr. Byrd who tried i to put through a decent primary law! at the last session of the Legislature,] and who has secured t he passage of j one through the House it this session.j It was Mr. Byrd alone of all politicians, I who grasped the real slirntficaiice of the oyster question in Virginia, and, tried to break down the . ignorance.i and the prejudice which have so long' ! ampered Virginia's growth as a sholl f,.-,h producing State, it v/ai Mr. Byrdj who was largely Instrumental in se? curing the paspage of the act creat? ive a commission to study tax con el itlons In Virginia at the last sessionI ,?1" the Legislature, and the report of these investigations is the most illumi? nating, suggestive and instructive public do.-tjrhcnt^.that has been pub? lished lit' Virginia, not even excepting the work on the- mineral resources of the State. It Is Mr. Byrd who Is now fighting to secure- the enactment of tax lav.- that can remedy some of the| inequalities and hardships tin which many of the counties and ell of the State nt present labor. In' Kuropean countries Mr. Byrd would bej Prune Minister. He would havs be? hind him a responsible parly repre? senting tho public opinion of the majority; he would bo able to com pM his followers to pasr the legisla? te:, that he initiated as the chosen leader of tha people, for the power rioulc not r.e his own. since, a Prime Minister is at best only a spokesman of the majority ho r'presents?that la. h spokesman through whom the people, can get effective legislation on public matters. But, how is ii In Virginia lo-dayV The Legislature, assembles and listens to a. homily from th& Governor; then each legislator olfers such bills as he sees fit. or amends those of hla fel? low legislators in accordance with his own opinions or lack of opinions. When H ;s all over and done, when the Legislature adjourns and th?. representatives go beck to their con ztitutents, there Is no responsibility, no man or party to bo praised or blamed for the result. Sometimes a State splits on a question like pro? hibition, and then, when two parties of equal strength take opposite sides, the public ca.n be sure of the definite; carrying out of the public wishes. But, in Virginia, kji it '.b governed to? day, and in most of the sister Stiite.s. no a-jch oondl'Uon exists. if the Tax Commission bill, for example, la passed. Mr. Byrd will probably re? ceive some credit; if it Is defeated, it T.I11 be extremely difficult to place the blame; and yet the Tax Commission bill Is only a type of the difficulties which every Stato faces where the government is divided'and Irresponsi? ble, because sufficient power is not Intrusted to V.u>rn who are expected . to do tho work of the government. There is a deep-seat-:d prejudice against centralization, i here ?r. a fear as if there liirked behind this word a certain promise of oppression 1 and injustice. And yet In England the 'people can innko their will into law i in six months: In America they may haggle tor years, arid tho reason Is the same In both cases. Tn England t the government Is directly responsible to the people for the enactment of a t>-lven measure; In America It Is not. President Taft for tho national gov? ernment, and Governor Mann for Vir? ginia, ought to be elected upon tho promise that they will carry out cer I tatn legislation. Of course. this promise could not be kept unless legis? lators of the same opinion were elected with them. But. given this condition, given a specific promise from the elected President, Governor J or Prime Minister, the people must givo those elected sufficient power to make these promises good, or the j hole system of legislation becomes a j ? logrolling farce. j Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch greatly hopeB I that the Tax Commission bill may j become a law. If It falls, It will be another example of tho necessary' con? sequence of government where the leaders aro denied power and re? sponsibility Is so divided that It Is. lost! THE SMALLEST SUICIDE) RECORD. Richmond shows is.y far the smallest percentage of sulddcB In tho thirty four cities In this country of more than 100,000 people. In 1910 the per? centage In this city was P.4 na against ?It.2 In San Francisco, 14.6 in Baltimore, 15.3 In Boston. 14.1 in Atlanta, 24.1 In Washington, en<j 18.4 In New York. The rato in other cities of 100.000 population or over was: Birmingham, 20.S; Los Angeles, 30: Oakland, Cal? 32.4; Denver, 81.C; Chicago, 20.9; In? dianapolis, 23.9; Louisville. 16; New Orleans, 21. S: Detroit, 2$; Grand Rapids, 11.5; Minneapolis, 17.5; St. Paul, 1S.9; Kansas City. 34; St. Louis. 2S.P; Omaha, 24.C1; Cincinnati, 17.3; Cleveland, 1S.8; Colu:nbu6, O., 24.1; Dayton, 23.1; Portland, Ore., 24.4: Phil? adelphia, 19.8; Pittsburgh, 11.8; Mem? phis, 22.8: Nashvlho, 18.1; Seattle, 23.8; Spokane, 23.7; Milwaukee, 23.4. There were. In 1911, F.590 sulclres In the Cer.sus Bureau's registration area. Tho rato is about 16 p<- lOu.OOO of popula? tion. The commentary on social and eco? nomic conditions In Richmond to bo found in these tlguros Is Illuminating and Inspiring. The seeds of suicide are sown by oppressive and evil con? ditions of city living. Exterior trou? bles gnaw their way Internally, and the result Is that largely because he' Is nn economic victim the seif-slayer commits his dreadful deed. In an un? wholesome city there will bo many suicides; hi r city of healthy and happy conditions of living, where there Is a sound senso of community morality., the suicide rate Is low. Suicide Is infrequent In the country; the com pi exit lea ond difficulties of city life' arc responsible for most of the self murders. Richmond is rot a city of suicides, because It is a city with a heart, a city wherein the spirit of the brother? hood of man has not faded Into a shrunken saying. Richmond is a city of homes, not of gilded cafes; a city of nelcliborllnos? and hospltableness, not of distrust and disdain. All classes of people here aro content with their lot; class lines do not cut to the raw, | because this is a city where the peo pie are not too rich or too poor, where the happy means of respectability , anfl true worth is struck: where it is , ibelleved that "a little that a righteous man hath Is better than the riches of many wicked." The oppressing ar.d hopeless conditions of New York find nothing akin here; here our poor peo? ple are, to a great degree, cared for and helped to help themselves. Boston's abominable ''Bohemia" could not exist1 in (he clear, clean atmosphere of Rich? mond; here smoke and foul air and I orowxl 1 tenements end filthy hovels do no make living hideous. Whole? some . ng is In the very air here. Hero people make friends ar.d neigh? bors easily, and here friendship is real; here the citizen la not alien to bu- ! inanity and kindly deed. Here the comforting faith caught at a mother's knc? is not forgotten, and here the mandate of old, "Thou shalt not kill." I? a living thing, not an antiquated and outworn precept tburte<j in u moth eaten tome. Richmond, with all Its ? size and strength, Is not a place where men will forfeit community re? spect by reckless disregard of de cency and morality, and tho self-con? trol to Inculcated holds the evildoer In check und stnys th? hand that would kill. Wholesome living, right living un? der sound conditions and among a kindly people?theso are the things that make our suicide rato tho small? est "For a good tre.- bringet:? not forth corrupt fruit: neither doth a ' corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. ' , Por every tree is known by his own ; j fruit. For of thorns me-n do not I pathrr rigs, nor Of a bramble bush '? I gather they grapes " WHY SURPRISE! OR UBVKl.ATION f ! I A London special cablegram of ' "jfewi and Reviews" suggests that Iti may surprise the world and fai seeing men to learn that Great Britain, which In the matter of the "Hay note." Inviting tho powers to subscribe to the principle of the main? tenance of China's administrative und territorial Integrity, acted as mentor, is now unwilling to Interfere with a realization of the cupidity of European nations and their ambitions to ex? tend their possesalons at the expense of China and other Par Cast helpless countries. Tho "Hay note" alluded to is the Boxer movement note of the 1'iilted States .Secretary of :>:ato to the principle of which all the parties to the Joint Intervention subscribed. The suggestion in the special cable, gram of "Nows ar.d Reviews'' was in? spired by ii speech made by Sur icd ward Grey, British Foreign :;. cre ? I tary, at .a meeting at "an obscure j hamlet," In which, responding to press and mass-meeting attacks on the grjv or.nmt-ut's foreign policy, ho proclaim eil in effect a passive attitude towardi Russia In respect of both china aril Persia. j Among other things. Sir Edward Is j reported to have said thai if ore.it j Britain is going ;o Interfere In Con trnl Asian questions far beyond the) Indian frontier, she would Incur not only a very heavy naval expenditure, but a vastly Increased military ex? penditure a? well. Also, ho doclnred that such a policy. If carried out. would lenve her without n friend In Europe, nnd that It was the duty of any government, whether Liberal or Conservative. ? to resist It. This ??reve? lation" makes it clear, says the cable? gram, that Sir Edward Is willing to sacrifice former principles In order to secure a continuance of Russia's friendship. So it would appear. But why a surprise to tho world and fnrseelng men, and why a revelation? Any one who will take the trouble to examine tho map of Central Asia, mark where the Uno of Russia's latest aggression touchos Tl-.'bet, and note the delimitation of the spheres of In? fluence of the two powers ?n Persia, together with the conformation of the "neutral rone," will readily perceive that under tho Anglo-Russian pact re? garding Central Asia, Great Britain received more than a quid pro quo, no loss In area of "protectorate terri? tory" than In the matter of strategic considerations. Indoed, seeing the ad? vantages Great Britain secured and nor interest in being in position to insure "her share" in the event of the necessity of partitioning China proper, It Is difficult to avoid the suspicion that whon tho agreement was entered Into Russia was permitted a tentative option on Mongolia and Chinese Turkestan and absorption of Northern Iran. The truth is that no matter In what euphemism they aro expressed, orj under what pretense thoy nre 6ojght to be disguised, whether "commercial exploitation," "advancement of civil- l lzatlon," "humajiltarianlsm," or what' not, tho policies and purposes of Great Britain regarding Thibet are on all ! fours with those of Russia touching! Mongolia and Chlne3o Turkestan. As to Persia, n recent cartoon aptly il? lustrates the situation, in depleting tho lion mid tho bear propping each other back to bade, and winking into spa-ce. and both sitting partially on] a woe-begone expiring Persian coiU As we have previously pointed out,] and as is generally conceded, every Russian approach, in whatever guise, towards tho northeastern border of the j Forbidden Land must and will be met by a similar Anglo-Indian approach. The expression of Sir Edward, "so far beyond the Indian frontier," was signlllcant, for so far us menace to India Is concerned, the relative posi? tions of the two great landgrabbers In Persia, and as represented in the i sts.tus of each in Thibet and Mongolia and Chinese Turkestan, respectively, place Russia, farther from the Indian frontier than In long years before. More? over, Great Britain's "beneficent" and informal protectorate of Thibet would serv? her all the stead she could de? sire If events should elictate that China must be divided. From Lhassa she could not only demand fair terms | from Russia in parceling out the spoils, but effectually check French advance j Into the empire from the south. In oil tho circumstances the only surprise Is that it sh'ould be seriously thought that the world and farseeng] men would be surprised at a "reve? lation" which. It would seem obvious all farseelr.g men might have Mit'cf pated. WHO IS IIEIIIMI Tin; LIBRARY MOVKJI EXT. Wbo wishe-s a free public library1 for Richmond? "Who Is backing the movement ? ?villa' organizations are interested in this project? Here they r.re: The Civic Improvement League, the Cham? ber of Commode, the Council of Labor Workers, the V. M. C. A . the V. W*. r, A tho .Te>hn Marshall High School alumni, the Teachers' Co-operative Association, the Associated Charities, the Woman's Club, the Council of Jewish Women, the Equal Suffrage League, the Nurses' Settlement, the "W C. T. V., the Temperance League, the Art Club. Ihe Mechanics' Institute board, the Ministerial t.'nion, the Richmond branch of the Southern Col lego Association, the Retreat for the. Sick board, the St. John's Circle of King's Dnughtors, and a great arrav of workers for elv|c betterment, repre? senting the most varied Interests and touching our community life at many points. These are not all there are to he heard from. There are other | organizations which could properly in? dorse this project: The Business Men's! Club, the Travelers' Protective Asso? ciation, the educational Institutions cfl collegiate grade in the city. Rich- I ?nor.d College for instance, and the many benevolent and fraternal associations ol the city. Every organization work- I ing for the good of man should record | itself in favor of this movement. What neordo arc behind this project? Those who have not, through financial ' Inability ot other raiiiie. completed Ihfir education; those who feel that they are r.oi too old to learn: these who like to read en.I have small book facilities; those who are unable to have prlvnto libraries of their own. Then there aro the ambitious young men of the city who are trying to lit themselves for better things, trying to cultivate themselves and to receive that polish which only wide reading can give. There are the fathers and mothers cf Richmond school children, who know that their children have moft unsatisfactory and Incomplete library facilities, and who realise that the city Is not Oblng its full educa? tional duty to its school children until a free public library Ie supplied, where such pupils can do the research work nnd outside study ref|it|red of (horn. Some of these school students, by the i way, have fathers In the. c'ty Council. There are ihi jad, who lubov. all day ? with their hands, and their elder brother tollers, who would like 10 spend their evenings profitably and pic .(-ar.tiy In reading. Therr are the young Women of tho rity, especially those' who are poor, who would lind the library a soured ol unceasing en? joyment and profit. Tn< re are the efderly people of the, city, who would Und the comfort and sola: o of old l?ge !)?. good book:, nov'hero else te> be , line), I "ihe true University these ?!;-?>.? i:. a Collection of Books," said Carlylo. who ngrocd with Milton that "a good book is tho preolous life blood of a must ? spirit, ombaltn?d and trcasurod up on purpose to u life beyond life." / froe publl- library is a university for tho people, und tho poopte of Itlchmond demand, as they have a right to do. tbut Buch an Institution bo established for their education and for their help. _ A MAN'S FAULTS. What are the ten Ohler faults of a man? A foreign r.owspapor offers prizes to Its feminine readers In the form of millinery valued at $150?a rag, a whalebone, und a, hank of brlstloB?for the three bost selections of man's ten most glurlng and com? mon faults. A list of masculine fall? ings suggested by tho newspaper In? cludes: cruelty, greed. arrogance, despotism, cunning, injustice. Jealousy, cowardice, Immorality, niggardliness, envy, pedantry, vanity, hypocrisy, sloth, etc. Some one suggests as a good list: Impudence, carelessness. Irascibility, awkwardness, gullibility, fickleness, Inv pattence, denseness, unpunctuallty and untruthfulness. Doubtless the suffragists would add "bone headednese." especially when thinking about the obdurste states? men at the Capitol. .?'ho that heard Colonel Watterson's peace talk at the Jefferson Auditorium a short while ago would have thought that he would soon be talking heated? ly about coffee and pistols? If this weather keeps up, that old Panama will have to be cloancd again next week. 'Sdeath: tho Solons will not suffer suffrage! Now that the Forty Immortals of I the United States have hson chosen, ; who are tho Forty Immortals of Rich i rnond? Voice of the People Uou't Put It nt the University. To tbu Editor of The Times-Dispatch: Sir,?1 luclosu herewith a copy of an article that I have this day mallod to the editor-ln-chlef of College Topics Of the University of Virginia, in ref? erence to tliu proposed co-ordination or coeducation at the university. This article 1 wrote after reading au edi? torial from Topics of the 27th Inst. favoring such a plan. WAL H. GAIN ES. Edltor-ln-Chlef College Topics. 1907 ll'OS. Doar Sir,?I am absolutely and unal? terably opposed to any bill providing for either co-ordination or coeducation at the university, and for the follow? ing reasons: First, let mo o.uote tho opening paragraph of your editorial of Jan? uary 27. 1012, which reads as follows: "When legislative provision is made I for the higher education of women in Virginia, a woman's college ought to bo establishes under the administra? tion of the University of Virginia. And the new college ougiit to be establish? ed oilier at or near this institution .i? n co-ordinate department of uni? versity life." Lot us go upon the proposition that higiier education for women would be (beneficial and wise, then 1 fall to see why and f?r what good reasons such a proposed Institution should be placed at the university. Why should the | university be bound or what good would result from ihe adoption of such a Bister li.stliuilon If such become a creature born of legislation? As one of your arguments In favor of the establishment of a college for women In connection with the univer? sity, you cite as an oxumple that of the failure on the part of the gov? erning board of the university to accept the Introduction of a State polytechnic school within her doors; you speak of the golden opportunity lost. Is not the State of Virginia, suffi? ciently rlth, :s not. Its treasury ade? quate to meet the demands for the maintenance of both of these lnetitu tlons, that Is. the University of Vir? ginia and the Virginia Polytechnic In? stitute? I think It is. and, in fact, this State does appropriate largo sums for i both of the above mentioned institu? tions, and still Virginia is far from being a bankrupt as the result. The university has long held *tn I enviutble position In educational ranks for the high star..lards maintained In < her profcisi"s :.ools. 1- e.. law and i mvdicine. The courses required In both of these departments require a! Standard second to none In the land, j To maintain the high standards in | these two departments s.nd at tho same time to foster such a hiRh-grade aca? demic or collegiate department Is auf-1 nclent for any ins.;'tutlon of learning.; V. P. I. is, I i!.:nk, rightfully and properly placed for tho good of all at Blacksburg, where unhampered It hns been able to establish one of the best scientific schools tr. this country. For this same r> ason I oppoee the establishment of tho women's college In connection v.lth the university; not that I am opposed to tho creation of such a college, :<t 1 am not, but I am not in favoi of naklng It a part of the University ot Virginia. When such an Institution Is eon tcmplalcd It should be with the idea of making M entirely u separate und distinct placi < t learning, and not attempt to combine when such a com? bination Is contra to the wishes of the. greater ;mr; of the alumni of the uni? versity, against the traditions and customs of the university; opposed to the very essentla ,. that have always lent such a dignified charm to the life at the university, u life that Ir. sacred and dear to Ihc memory of every old student, and ri memory which you would have wiped out by legislative en? actment. Vou Stoic (n your editorial of tho Abe Martin 1 ??' ol ng > <? don't git skinned ?n lh< .. . mince 0' prevention- ! N1 ?? ? I i, [hidul?CSl from our; high school with high honors lust I laltln u post 'graduate course I ; hi . pollia', 1 THE DEAR OLD FARM AND THE JOLLY CITY LIFE. By John T. McCutcheon. fOopyrlctrti 1?U: WHAT THE FARMER SAYSt By John T. MoCulcb*on ] "Staid inbodtlll nearly 5 this momtng because ix? don't haiX) to get up to early In the winter time." WHAT THE CITY MAN SAYSt "Great gantl arm all thg windows open? /#*? a? cold at Greenland In thtt flat. The man that called thlt a tteam-heated f?at wot a poor describmr," "Scraped the frost off the window to't I could get a squint at the weath? er. Looked purty winter ith." "Boote/rose ttiff. Cuett I forgot to grease 'em last night. They slipped on about as easy as a section of stovepipe." "Well, I hate to get up, but I suppose I must. Not an ounce of steam In the place. And just listen to the crunch ?f those wheels out there. I'll bet it's a hundred below tero. "Cook Is goro. Soya she Isn't used to living In on tee house. / never saw such haughtiness." "And you arm Urft orlth your tube* filled with bronchitis microbes, and your heart filled with horn i cid a I tendcncl&t^ Natural gas low. No hoi breakfast." "Woodpile covered with snow so I had difficulty getting kitchen fire start* ed. Finally got enough hot water to thaw out pump." "Then had nothing to do but watt for daylight and breakfast. Had hot fried mush, hot ham, some good coffee, and a couple dosen buckwheat cakes. Seemed to agree with me." "Carried In some fodder for the stock. Latch on barn door to dad tasted cold it pulled the skin off my nigh hand. Curried horsos, etc." "Shucked earn all morning. In afternoon repaired rail fence on the east eighty till dark. Then took some nourish ment in the shape of boiled ham andcaboage." "Haoe a horrible cold. That's the trouble with these steam-heated flats. About the time you get acclimated the furnace goes on a strike." "Trolley broke and had to stroll downtown. Cot to office late and was called down. Many are called down, but few de? serve It." "Bote oays fftcf tt mustn't happen again, t hope It won t." "Sat around awhile. Hated to tackle the cold sheets, but finally tt got so late that I had to turn in, though I couldn't get to sleep till after 10." "This city lifo ain't what it's cracked up to be. How I envy the farm? er. He's his own boss and doesn't care how often the trolley breaks." r "J Wish 1 Lived in Town Where I Had Some of "I With I Lived Out on Some Pleasant Farm the Comforts of Life." These Fine. Crisp Winter Days." same date that "Ti-.e lesue has arisen and opportunity la afforded. Either me university must seize it or let u pass. For myself, and voicing- what I Ibeliev? to he tho general sentiment or most of the alumni, certainly of those in my section of the State I say "iet it pass." for tho good 'of tho university, her life, her traditions, and her welfare, and for the good of the institution proposed. A separation or these two Institutions would, In mv opinion, bo beneucial. and a combina? tion of the two most detrimental "You also stata that "Students and alumni regrot the issue which has arisen." It la only natural that they should <jo so. I should the proposed co-ordination or coeducation become a fact It would mean the death of the old Uwe that ?e who went there have all learned to love; It would mean the passing of cherished memories. You state that the life of the university must chance ' to meet conditions: this they must ccr- ! talnly do when conditions reach such ' a point that they demand a change, but not until that change is necessary and Imperative should we forsake old memories, thoughts and traditions In I the mad race towards modernism. Be- ] cause Michigan and other universities. I outranking the university in numbers alone, have coeducation, is there any reason that the university, practically the father of them all, should follow blindly in their footsteps, contrary to the wishes of the greater part of her I sons? Quoting from Thomas Jefferson, as' you, we find that he says: "A sys? tem of general instruction, which shall reach every description of our citi? zens, from the richest to the poorest." Can the wildest and most vivid imagination conceive of our illustrious founder meaning a coeducational In? stitution, when he declares that every citizen, rich or poor, should kji en? titled to equal educational advantages at the university? Ruch a remark from him was nothing more than an expros- I sion of those democratic principles for which he stood, and to interpret llie Word citizen to mean women Is some thing that I cannot comprehend. Therefore, I nay perpetuate and keep . Inviolate as far ns possible those cus? toms and Ideals, the embodiment of' the thoughts and Ideas of the father of the university, nn<3 by doing so help the university, consider the wishes of ! thousands of her sons who have gone I forth from her walls, having learned i to love and cherish the memories us they remembered them, and also carry j out the wishes of Thomas Jefferson, whose master mind conceived and : created the University "f Virginia. | Verv sincerely, WM. H. OAINES. Udltor Topics. 1P07-0S. Rosslyn. La Marquise de Fontenoy Sit: ROBERT AFFLECK'S extrdor dlnury lawsuit in London ogulnst] certain of the officers of the old j Cocoa Tree Club, the oldest in 1 London, dating from l"4?, serves to, call attention, Unit of all, to the linan cial difficulties of that time-honored Institution, in fit. James's Street, and. also to a very peculiar problem of club ethics, namely, as to whether the, member of a club is jusiided in charg? ing a commission for u loan which he negotiates for the club. Sir Robert, who has nn extensive acquaintance among loan-mongers ?f: every description, lin-ting llgured in the bankruptcy court, succeeded at a mo-. mem of crisis In the llnanclal affairs' of the Cocoa Tree, in obtaining n loan for ii. of $."..00". .\? the difficulties of thr. Cocoa Tree were u mutter of no-:j toriel*. In clubland, the terms on which, he Obtained the loan were rather oner? ous: and when after that he himself] came and demanded a commission of' $400 for arranging tlie loan, the olll-i cers of the club naturally demurred.; It Is In consequence of their failure to pay lilin this commission that lie Is] now suing them for tho amount, and revealing to the general public Its pre- | carious condition. Sir Robert Affleck is the head of a] branch of the old .Scotch house- of Auchlnlcck, and the baronetcy rlutosi from I ho great naval Battle of Guod-I aloiipe, where Admiral l-=lr Udniund | Affleck distinguished himself as nee-, ond In command to Lord Rodney. It U a Xainily that has certain American J associations Thus. Sir Robert's wife. Lady Affleck; has been employed by Cordon Selfrldge, of Chicago, to take charge of the dress department of Its great drygooda 6tore In London, and there have been several matrimonial alliances with Americans, among them the marriage of the second baronet to a New York girl, daughter of Thomaj Clark, of thut city, and wldo.v of Rich? ard Vassal], of Jamaica. Formerly Sir P.obert owned Dalham Hal], a place burdened with a curse, like eo many o; the other old-time monasteries, which were confiscated by Henry VIII. at tho time of the Reform? ation Kor a time It wat the resi? dence of the Anglican Bishops of Ely. But they found the place too heavily weighted with the blight of its former monastic owners, and sold It. some of Its subsequent proprietors, in the days of Kir:g William und Queen Mary, en? deavoring to get rid of the 'll-luck by almost entirely rebuilding the mansion. But this proved of no avail, and the A Alecks, who bought Dalham some 200 years ago. were pursued by misfortune from the moment that they entered upon possession thereof, there not be? ing a Mingle Instance of Its descending from father to son. The present baronet was overtaken by ruin, and landed In the bankruptcy court some few years after his suc? cession to the lltlo and estates which latter, remaining ip the market for som'a time, was purchased by Cecil Rhodes, the South African colossus. He di?d not long after its acquisition, and since then It has gor.e through the hands of two of his brothers, and of a nephew. Lady Arileck. besides her connection with Rclfrldge's London store, which brought no end of advertisement to the latter, as well ns to herself, is entitled to fame as having successful? ly vindicated. In the highest courts of judicature in England, the rights of tenants to break their leases If, In taking possession of premises, furnlsn Cd or otherwise, they find them Infest? ed with what are euphemistically de? scribed as "insects." English people have a delicacy about using the word "bug," hvhlcli If so frequently cm ployed on this side of the Atlantic, and throughout the proceedings in the various courts of law. both high and low, the ohjectlonable vermin was not referred to once by its actual name, the nearest approach thereto being when one of the counsel ulluded to it as j "B Hat." This avoidance of any mention of the name of the insect was all the more remarkable when It Is borne in mind that the lauer constitut? ed the sole subject and theme of those long and costly processes of law. XVItli regard to the Cocoa Tree Club, volumes have been written about 't. as the earliest of oil the clubs that remain in existence to this day. Frederick, Prince of Wales, father of George 111., was one of Us founders and original members, and his grand? son. George IV. followed bis example in spending vast sums there, as Prince of Wales and as regent, In gambling. fine of his chief associates at tin card tables, and Indeed one of the. pillars of ihe club, was Charles How? ard, eleventh Duke of Norfolk, who whs the first member of the House of Lords to abandon Hie pigtail and the hair powder of ;he latter days of the eighteenth century. He played reck? lessly, drank heavily, looked more like a butcher than tho premier peer of the realm, and oil the occasion of tho ter? centenary of the dukedom announced hl.? Intention of Inviting to dinner at I the Coco* Tree Club nil the llvlnfl male descendants of tho ilrst duki But he was compelled to abandon ? project when he found that the clalih i ants to that distinction .lumbered over i $ 000. ; King George's brotiu.r-itj-law, the, Duke 01 Fife, who Is now lying ?0 ! seriously til at Wadal-Halfa?hi* III I ness being undoubtedly among the re. suite of his experience on the oc? casion of the. shipwreck of the liner I Delhi, off the coast of Morocco, wnlle I on lila way from England to Egypt 1 with the Princess Royal and their I daughters?ie a man of sixty-three 1 years of ape, that is to say, near a I score of years the senior of his wife. 'He visited New York and other cities I in (He United States, as Lord Mac duff, in ISTfi, at the time of the Phil? adelphia Centennial World's Fair. Dur? ing a portion of his stay in New York he was a guest of the late Ned Sothern, at the Gramerty, and was likewise frequently seen on hla way to the Jerome Park races on the box scat of Colonel De Lancey Kane's drag Con I sl.defable admiration was esclted by Lord Macduit among his friends here by the skill which lie displayed In making mixed drinks. Some of hie trlumpliB, It |s said, were enough to ; maku a Hoffman House bartender turn , green with envy. j Elke every other foreign vifitor of ; distinction, he mado a point of visit? ing the slums, and was especially I struck with tho negro quarter. In | deed, he declared that he had never I been so touched by music as when hi ; listened In Thompson Street to s num? ber of old-time darkles singing tha pathetic songs of their race, of "Do ? Days IJcfo' do Wan." As Lord Macduff, he was a Jun'or partner of the well-known London hanking house of Scott &. Co., und af ; terwards was associated in various banking enterprises with his friend and crony, who Is now I^ord 1'arquhar. ' Roth were umong the most Intimate ? associates of King Edward, as Prince ; of Wales, and much at Marlborougb .House and at Sandrlngbam. So that ] tile Duke of Fife may be said to have , known his royal consort since het I childhood, lie succeeded to his fath ; er's honors in 1S70. married his wife as Larl of Fife, and was. created a duke. , by Queen Victoria at the wedding , breakfast, when she proposed the health I of the newly married couple. The duke has long been n total ab j -stainer, und has oven forbidden the I sale of any liquor oh his estates. I I must explain, however, that his tee i totalism Is; of a different kind to that I of his terribly convivial old father, '?? for whom Queen Victoria had always a I sort of kindly feeling and pity, ow I ing to his wife'.'! behavior. In fact, the i Queen would constantly invite him to I dinner When she was at Balmoral. On one occasion, during a pause in the conversation at table, lie addressed the Queen ns follows: "You will be gl.id I to hear, Ma'am, that I have given lip ' whiskey." The Queen, who had fre I queniiv expostulated with Lord Fife on ! the subject of his unfortunate taste for j drink, beamed with satisfaction, and ! replied how delighted she was to hear I it. "Yes," continued the earl, "the \ doctors have recommended me, to take I brandy instead, and so I drink nothing else." (Copyright, 1912, by the Brcntwood Company.) RICHMOND, VA. 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