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BVRO'S fill Bill'
FAILS Of PASSAGE I - _ ! - (ConUnuo? from I'l.-st Page.) 1 ?nee may cut out tb ? big lncroa-i glvou by the Mouse to public schools, oti the sround that tin- makers of the Constitution (lid not Intend the school:; should have capitation taxes which the State Joes not r? :olv?. but which are returned delinquent. Kdwln p. cox tried t" have a Joint committee to visit lh? Institutions arid ?dvlso the next General Asstmhly. |n the form of an appropriation bill, What the expenditures should be, but ?e was defeated. Amends Printer* IUI I. In the Senate much of the morning session was given up to consideration or the primary bin. which was amtimi ??d so as to remove most of the fea? tures which tts patrons regard us having uny value in securing the pu? rity of primary elections, it is indi? cated that the Senat) will either do feat it altogether 01 so change its detaila that Speaker Uyrd win decline to nccopt It whin it gets back to tho HOUBO. Senator West failed to get up out or Its oidgr his i ? 111 requiring .m cers paid by fees i" tell the public what amounts they receive, The Senate agreed t" the appolnt * ment of a commission >*'? attorneys to examine into the Buchanan county land situation, passed the Richmond, Prodorloksburg and I'otomao Railroad charter bills, und .?. t the lime gilad? ing bin as a special order for M n day. Consideration of Ihe legislative te dlstrlctlng bill comes up in the House at 3:30 this afternoon. I HOUSE 1 .Morning ?>-lnn. House bills reported from commit? tees at th?- morning session reached tho total of 504, ThU approaches 100 more-than those reported during tho session of 1310. Tne following House bills wore i -ad | tb,?i third time and passed: Authorizing establishment of a ferry across, rowel!'.-. River, In Dee county. Patron, .Mr. Robertson permitting th< director* of the West? ern State ilospllal to ?eil n rlgru of way over the property. Patron. Mr. Kemper. Authorizing the Board of Supervisors of Culpcper countv to borrow money lor bridge building Pitron, M.r, Bell, by request. Validating a boitd iestie of th? town ot Virginia Dcach. l'*tron, Mr. Mai boh. Amending the charter of the town o! Damascus. Patrons, Messrs Roberts, ol VVsth'ngton, and Buck. Authorizing Northampton county to borrow not exceeding 1160,000 tor road building. Patron, Mr rtizhugh. Amending the charter of the town 61 Highland Park. Patron, Mr. T brock ? morion. Amending the act In reference to the appointment of teacher* at the Vir? ginia School for in? U-. n f and Blind, Patron. Mr. Kemper. Authorising Ui? instruction ol a wharf on Chesseman't Creek, Vork county. Patron, Mr. -V. cphenson, of James City. Anw tiding the road law of Mont gomt ry Cttunty. Patron, Mr Flanagan. C'onMder Appropriation*. The general appropriation bill came up at 11 o'clock, as ii special order, and the clerk resumed the calling of tjic Items, l*ft off at t o'clock Thurs? day. There was no Intirruption with the order ol thing* at t't??y "nave b?-i?n' until the Item for an Increase in the) ?alnry* of th? Commissioner of Agrl-j culture was reaeVied TM? is /rem 12,800 to 13.500. and was done, accord-, Ing to Chairman a m Bowman, of j the committee on Finance, at the; unanimous requftt of th* dta.te Boird of Agriculture ?n<i 1? to be paid out of tho fertilizer fund. The increase In the ?alary of the Cimmlrsloner of I>ilor, from $2,000 to ? 12,200. as made by the committee, was: srprovei. t>o was the committee In-1 LEGISLATIVE COMMENT | By LEWIS H. MACHEN. L ? -1 LEGISLATIVE SESSION TOO SHORT?IV. Tho acute reader, who hau fol? lowed the three preceding artlclea Upon this subject, win naturally In? quire;: "if the ^eglslativo session Is manifestly too short, why have not tho members of thu Ueneiul Assembly adopted a Joint resolution proposing an amendment to th<; Constitution to restore the ninoty-day session:-?'- The Simple answer tnui. such a resolu? tion has passed both branches ot the Legltliatuie tnr,;. times. Why w.jJ tho resolution passed, when the Constitu? tion says it Is only noccssar: thut It should be passed iwlco? It is an In? teresting piece of legislative history. In I'.iU'i the General Assembly passed two resolutions proposing to amend the Constitution I'O its to allow the regular si selons to continue ninety days, and simplifying tiie procedure to some extent, tuough not as much as wi- to be desired. These resolu? tions were not spread at length on the senate journal, hut merely 'recorded by title, other resolutions which had proposed amendments to the I'M Con? stitution had been similarly set down In the House and Senate Journals in times past, but had nevertheless been ratified by the pe ople and had become parts of thu organic lav., the Con? stitution merely says, as the old ( [in? stitution said, that such resolut lone should be entered on the Journals of both houses. There were only two cases In the oourls of' last resort which construed this term, one holding 1 that It meant entered at length Oil thi Journals and the other that the entry by title tvag a sufficient conir pllance. Th< former opinion was based upon lh' prior uniform custom of the Legislature of the Ktate to spread Hum iii length on the journals. Tne practice in Virginia from the earliest limes bad not been uniform. It mlKht have been supposed that ae amend? ments had formerly been entered by title only and afterward ratified by the people and become parts of the Constitution that the LegisljUur- >,ad deemed that method sufficient, and thut the Constitutional Convention, by adopting the language of the old Con? stitution??'entered on the Journals"-? had adopted the construction whtc.t thi Legislature had formerly placed upui them However^ the then Attor ney-fienerol of Virginia took the oppo? site view, ar.'l. uctllig upon hie advise, th" Speaker of the House directed th* clerk of the House of Delegates not to publish the amendments. .\j the time for the publication was at hand, and no member of the court of Ap? peal? being th<n in Richmond, appli? cation was made to three Judges,of the ? it of Richmond for a mandamus to require the clerk of the House to pub Ilsh the amendments, but they declined tu grabt tho writ, and, of course, the amendments wer?.- not published It therefore became nacessary to o. gin over again, and the amendments were relntroauced und passed the Legislature at tne session of BIOS. 11 y that nine a htatuto hau be-n enacted [declaring how that such amendments Should 01 spread at length on the I Journals. The resolution* wen- pub I usned and adopt., jy t.:.. General A ? I semoly of 1910. iid the same year submitted to the people, ulorig with I two an.cndrnents relating to rc-elcct i ing the treasurer and commissioners of the revenue 01 countle? and cities ' All of the amendments were defeated .except that in regard to the. treasurers ; and commissioners of counties, i Unfortunately; :r.\ persons familiar [with liic :i??esslt;- for longer legisla? tive sessions and for a simpler legis? lative procedure aad anything to Pay oh the subject. Many Individuals and I newspapers atta.ked ine Legislature bitterly and stirred up a prejudice against it. which had grown up in times agone. \x ii?n the law-making ?Otiies of the various States, had got . ten themselves regarded in an unlovely : aspect. The simple truth is that many things are going on In the State Which the . Legislatur.? should prohibit. Not a few special privileges are In danger of being curtailed if tr.c Legislature were allowed to *lt long enough to really sift things, to the bottom. All of these Intrenched persons end pow? ers will ilght to tho finish any propo? sition to make tho Legislature an ef fictlve law-making body. Just the ; same, the effort should he made again land yol again. The peoplo should be , educated to Understand that It is their i tight that In being waged, and that If ? their voice may a* stilted In ths Legis . lature they will be without any audi ? bib mouthplecf. Of course, It Is possibl? for the meai ! bets, by a two-thirds vote in each ; house, to extend th? scs.-lon for thirty days longer?without additional pay. I This'they will not do. and they should I not be expected to do It. By a like I vote, they may petition the Governor I to convene them In extra x:-ssloii for j thirty .lay;, but this no Legislature I .has done. The Governor may convene ? them on his own motion, but this no I Executive has done for many, many ! year* Yet there are times when it would be a good thins for the State If it were done. This General Assem? bly should have an opportunity to clear I the calendars. creas? ln the library fund for traveling libraries and f<ir publishing the lourrul el the House of Burgesses. On motion of .lohn W. Htephenson; of Bath, the Item Of . for motu'. shelving In the Stute Library, of tire proof character, was put In :is was propo. ? ? In tin: >i?nat.\ but where a majority of thu total votes was not f.'iiied Ii is supposed lilts will he retained in the confidence committee. I'.Hlne Mo. ill Milurlrn. On motion of Mr. r'luhugh. the salaries of elevator men at the State Library were rali-ed from JTi'j to tTSO rach. and the policeman at tho library was given ST20 instead of $66", on mo? tion of Mr. Cos. It seemed to be tli? policy to raise salaries of minoi employes, and Mr,j Montague secured an increase for the night watchman at the Ktat* Librar) from I7?a to *$??>. The night watch- j man for the Supreme Court, on motion of Mr. liutherfoord. got tne same ?hinn Mr. Kltshugh landed .'.gain, when he s'.cured Increases from 16(0 to .5720 each of '.he two janitors for library building offices. Mr. Land got the' engineers at the electric plant raised from $1,050 each to tl'00. The first kick same on the motion of Mr. Creamer to tncreise the firemen; at the electric plant from STSO to ?SU'. Mr. Burt said that thll ought to etop. It wte '.rue. as Mr. Cox had enld. that the eoit of livl-.g had increased, out sol , ha?) this happened for the public, which I was paying 'he taxes. He proposed I thereafter to oppose nil Incrcares uti I tes? clearly shown to be advisable. ] i Mr. Creamer suid In reply that the I firemen were tiie hardest worked peo? ple about the Capitol Square; He won . the chango. The three Capitol janitors, on mo ' I tlon of Mr. Kitzhugh. got an increase i from J6?9 to \~.2Q. KlevHtor Condactora. j The night elevator man at the Capi? tol was, on motion of John S v.'hlte. put on the fame basis with the day] ; man. at S'.'Su, ;ho day man having beenj given 15 the month additional by thel committee. i The Hem r?g.irdin? t!.? Department' jof Military Itecbrds went through as! suggested by the committee. i The penitentiary and tudlciary Items! were quickly disposed of, aa chnngesj were infrequent. The salary of thel stenographer of tho Supreme Court.) at the request of tho court, is Increas-j ed from ?1.4O0 to J2,uj0. Arriving at the oyster appropriation,, Mr. Moncure Fecv.red an addition of: SCOO to pay William E. Raab, who wasj ? hot accidentally by oyster police. The committee lncrep.se for pensions, from 1450,000 to $600.000, was approv? ed. On a motion of Mr. Stebblns. ?2.000 of the school fund wo* added tor agri? cultural and high school* to the fo? isting sum of SZO.OOu. Mr. Hlchardson, ".lust to be- consist? ent." tried to secure the elimination of the extra $3,000 for pchool teachers' j pensions, but failed. 11 ii 11 n I Fund*. Hospitals fared as provided in thai committee bill. The Rastern :^ets | $114.000 for support for the first year, [ $C,600 for Insurance, $5.000 for purchase | of farm, $10,000 for repairs to heating ; "Have a Fresh Cigar?" "No thanks, I'm going home to kiss my family. Have you any The refreshing mint leaf jnice instantly removes breath odors, besides puri? fying and preserving teeth. It makes yon hungry before meals and helps digestion afterwards. it by the Box of any dealer Get the habit of taking SPEARMINT to your family every night. It is the only beneficial confection, the cost ia almost nothing and children love it I It costs LITTLE by the package, but LESS by the box! The Flavor Lasts Look for the Spear Is an ACTIVE MIND is applying rooiems it recognizes merit?when deserved hence the position of It's an education to visit our plant; the gain is evolutional; the contrast is revo? lutionary. PURITY ICE CREAM CO., 10 So. Jefferson St., Richmond, Va. Out of Town Orders Solicited and Executed with Promptness plant, 5f'.OOi' for repairs to buildups, $2,500 balance on house bo-ig hi for at-j tendaiils, $4,000 deficit and $1,500 for tire escapes. Tht YVestorn State Hoipital Is given j $1,041.70 for deficit, $l.t.uO to ilnlsh In- ! lirmary und. for plumbing, iio.uou for ! building for noisy patients, $500 for Iron ventilators aud $1-7,lti'.' for sup? port. Kor the South Westum, at Marlon, there is provided $50,000 for support,! $13,7i0 for crinilnul insane building, $1,000 for furnishings and $6,000 for i tubercular building. Central guts $14S,?0u for maintenance, $11,SS4 for deficit, $15,000 for additional accommodations. $6,000 for power end heating plant, and $2,000 for stables. Ther; was some discussion over the pay of engineers at the hospitals, since the committee had made the salury of the man at th^ Eastern $1,200, while the others only receive $700. In addition to board. Mr Gilllam tri ?d to make the others $f'00', hut failed, and again failed on an attempt to reduce the engineer at the Eastern to $1.000. Increase for Farnivtlle. Reaching Institutions of learning. Mr. Stebbins made a motion to Increase the annuity tor tho State Female Nor? mal School at Farmvllle from $55,000 to $60.000 the year. This chango had i been made, he explained, In the tionat ?, 1 und he told of the good work which I had been done at that institution and of the economical way in which it has been managed. Mr. Montague and Mr. Kent Indorsed this, nnd it was agreed to. The University of Virginia got jlS.ui'U ! for support of Its hospital. Instead of JlO.O'iO. as before, this bel?g recom? mended by the committee. The Vir? ginia Military Institute was given] $5.000 for extending its hiatln;: syi 1 tern, and $5.000 more goes to the Vir glnla School for the Deaf and Blind. All these were In tho committee bill, j DIIHcully of Assessment. The hour of I o'clock having arrived, j the Tax Commission bill was taken up.' Mr. i,u us ford resumed his remarks in I opposition to the measure. It hud been said, he remarked, that the com- . mlsslonerj of the revenue do not now I do their duty in seeing all property valued by them. '?Will.'' ho asked, "a Tax Commission d? It? <"nn ItV.mem !., rs know the local conditions in .very neighborhood in the State?" For his part, he was ready to deny that the local assessing officers ere dishonest and Incapable, They arc elected by the same people who choose members of the General Assembly. There was m> way to determine prop erty values,, so far as he could sen, ex? cept piece by piece. Mr. Throckmorton made inquiry a* to a certain county where an exami? nation of lit' property* transfers made in one year, and comparison with the assessed valuations showed that those lands were valued at is per cent, of; their selling vnlue. Also, ns to another county, ?.??here a similar test showed that the property was assessed for taxation at 65 per cent, of Its value. "Why," aaked Mr. Throckmorton, "should one county pay five times uu much tax on its dollar as tho other?" JVot Correct Gnldr. Mr. I,unsfor<l replied that the trans? fer prices do not give a correct Idea of real values. Sometimes the market springs up suddenly. The best lands are usually the most frequently sold, some of it bringing high price.*. Itagged and poor land was sold but seldom. | It was impossible. In the view of the Botctourt member, to put the pending bill into effective operation. The com- | rr.ist-lon would fix the tax rate after, the books had come to the Auditor. I The commissioners of the revenue nro; required to extend the faxes before.' they send In their books, lie did not1 nee bow this cousl be done ustll these officers know, the rale. Treasurers are required r> m.cke nit their tax tickets and imlleei ihepi It was posslhle that they might not know the rate of .levy until Kovohlher 1. How. then, he in - quired, could they prepare their ii kots jjiid vjsll all pari? of their counties jrv lime tu make the round before De j cember V? Touching upon the constitutional point. Mr. Lunafor<| did not believe the Governor but" any rigbt to proclaim a tux rate. It Is to bo prescribed by law, according to the Constitution. Tribute ?i> Dyrtl. "1 appreciate," said Mr. Lunsford, at the conclusluu of an address lasting for parts of ihr,.? sessions, and which was heard with profound attention, "the public services of the dlslin ! gulshed Speaker of this House, i I'l'ouipted by putrlotic Impulses, he. bus , mtulo a close study of the situation, I und has done what lie conscientiously believes to be for the best Interests of the Commonwealth. I trust that ' his services may bu preserved to the State for many years. but at this time I must lny aside personal feeling and judge of this bill us l see it. 1 believe It strikes ut tlio fundamental liberties of the people. Let us hold on to the principle of locul self-gov? ernment, which is being gradually stamped out as we follow the lead of other States which ure called progres? sive. Everywhere we moot Iho same j ancient Idea of centralized power. Be? fore wo take auch a step let us pause I and consider." John W. Stephertson said It seems accepted that the county will always appeal from the decision of the com? mission If its assessments are In? creased. This might not be so. The supervisors would consider that they must employ attorney, and they may doclde to leave the contest to i the ? Individual, who might ue put to I great expense in securing an adjust? ment- Furthor. he did not believe the commission would accomplish any? thing, while it would cost much. Commission of Five. Transfer values are not a true in? dex to real values, lit tue opinion Mr. ituborts. of Mecklenburg. In bis ?i . Lion there was an influx of people who think the lands there arc cheap, and they buy at prices Which Seem very high to the residents. He thought It would be hist to have a commis? sion of about five persons, composed at two farmers, two city men and the Statu Accountant. in a speec.it which caught the atten? tion of the House, John \V. Chalkley, Of Wise, defended the bill. II- did hot believe there are three commissioners of the revonno in the State who r ally 10 the property which they value. The Tax Commission would go to enen county and city, and would call In the citizens for their advice. They] would arrive at an average, and ? W oild bns; their assessment. StnndH Alone. Everybody knew, he proceeded, that no assessment is made at its full market value. They vary from 20 to "iO per cent. "1 am fully ?wart." he said, "that 1 stand alone among the members from the Southwest in favor of this bill. J have applied the acid test to it to see If there was any good rea? son why I should not support it. Hut I can find no way to oppose It Tie bill Is Just and fair and equitable. There la no answer to the statement that equalization in this Stitte Is lack? ing, I think tho patron has accepted all the amendments which he cun i without, injuring his measure. It may i be that the people of my county wilt hot approve my vote. If not. I shall ] surrender any petty political ambl? | tlons which I may have, and shall caat my vote for what I believe to be for the best Interests of Virginia." IlTrd's Final Stntement. Speaker Byrd (Judge Williams la i the chair) clos.M tho debate. "I know," ho said, "and we all j know, that the people demand rellof from the obviously inequitable as- | sossmanta which prevail. 1 have, striven to prepare a bill which will i give a msasure of rellof. I have done my best. I have done my duty. While I I should dislike to see this House de? clare Itself unequal to the task of settling this question. I shall have no 1 more to any. I am ready for a vote." The previous question was called and , ngreed to. The committee amendments to the . substitute were adopted without dl I vision. [ The Question than came oti the l.and ; i amendment to the VVHMama substitute,! 1 providing that on* fa.rmer should bei on the commission: It was loFt, 27 to 15. Then the Williams proposition. Unit the commission should consist of two farmers and the Stntc Accountant. Wits agreed to. Next . .Line the Williams amendment striking out the section which pro? vides for proceedings against, and re-^ nioval of, commissioner!! of the revcjf " nue, Mr. Throckmorton'a substitute, that th.'se oillcers should be..', emoved If the courts ilnd they Imvo ;iot done their duty, was lost by 27 to 35. The Williams motion to strike ths section out was carried on roll call, ?11 to 37. Then the bill was engrossed, und the constitutional readings were dispensed with. On IIa Final PHasasc. As the roll was culled on the final passage of the bill thero was great ex? citement in the hall. It was rcallzod that the subject, which had consumed so many days of debate, was about to be disposed of. A majority seemed to be voting "aye." and among them was Judge Williams, who kept nls promlaa to vole for the hill If his amendments were Incorporated. The vote stood 4 7 to 87. and was lost, hecauso the bill, oarrylpg an ap? propriation, required fifty-one votes. Mr. Cox changed his vote to "no'" in order to ho on the winning 3lde and to move to reconsldor. which he did. Then Mr. Oliver moved to pa ? this motion by. On a point of order. Inststed en by (Continued on Sixth Page.) SCHOOL SAVINGS BANK Win open for business Saturday, March 2, 1912, at 2S North Ninth Street, and $'l-'n In cash prizes will bo given the children depositing ?! upwards. Money With Hens My book his helped "Kopie make for? tunes in the poultry business?will do the same lor you. Low prices lorstoct:. eggs lor hatching. Incubators and brooders. 200paces conti.itiiitc over I0U illustrations?many m natural colors? fives list of 72 varieties oi Pure Bred Howl?gives completcinfortnatioa about C2?$, slock, incubators, etc. Thl.i book is 4 marvel 11111 only ISc. Send io.iiy-.-'j,1 It through nri.l II you don't teel tally uwiir-l ttut It Is worth many tlinea that much, return lha book and get jour money back. B. H. GKE1DER Do-gl03. Rhcerr.a. Pa. i Wood's Seeds For Our New Descriptive Catalog is fully up-to-date, and tells all about the best Garden and Tarm Seeds. Every farmer and gardener should have a copy of this cata? log, which has long been recog? nized as a standard authority, for the full and complete infor? mation which it gives. We are headquarters for Grass and Clover Seeds, Seed Potatoes, Seed Oats, Cow Peat, Sola Beans and all Farm Seeds. Wood's Descriptive Catalog mailed free on request. Write for it. T. W. WOOD 6 SONS. Seedsmen, - Richmond, Va.