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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, March 03, 1912, Image 3

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^llfj^^^^^^^^^^^^I Address all commu
nications for this dcpart
f^^?^fiv ^^^^^^W rnent to
^^^fv^C^K1 The Confederate Editor,
^??^?T 1 he limes-Dispatch
ttv Vi v. 8'roruis. I
General Corres I was ordered to cross |
the Tennessee. River at Paris Land'
lug to Join General Hood at Mount
Pliasanl, advancing from Florence and
Tuacumbia. As our crossing tlie riv?
er was dlsputod by gunboats, masked
batteries were placed on the river with
ii view of Fluking Hie boats. My brl- j
gado commander. Cloncral H?cker, was
r?ry prou'l of and Indulgent to bis j
< scort boys, and told me that I could I
forage around, all the while keeping
h|rn In touch with m, so that he could
eall me at Short notice. Enjoying thlt
privilege, i concealed the boys below
the upper battery more especially with
u view of witnessing the- artillery duel. I
After waiting u short time 1 SOW I
smoko up the river of a descending ]
boat, which proved to !>c only a trans- j
port, the first boat descending aftir
placing the batterloB. 8ho steamed
ilown the river under full headway; to
tar pa they knew In porfect security,
its th; enemy wore not aware of our
position. When she steamed in front
of the battery, the battery opened tire.
At the boom of the first gun the en
glni pulled h >r wide open and I
saw that s.ho WOUld aoou bo out of reach
??f the battery unless they were more
Miccesaful In their lire. I rushed the
company to tiu edge of the bluff mJ j
ordered them to open lira In line. As |
1 BOiW they w re promts* U?>usly firing
at the boat, I Jerked off my heavy J
glove and ran down the line etil King !
euch one of tli 2 boys on the shouldir
with the glove to get hlB prompt at?
tention, and said: "You can't kill the
boat ?kill the pilot" After a few
rour.di the captain of the boat, who
was at the wheel with the pilot, fell
mortally wounded, whsreupon the pilot
r< leaned the wheel and Jumped and
(led for his life. Jumping down eacll
stairway of the front of the boat until
he had reached the lower d ;ck, when
a" quick as I can relate. h? rushed to
the fr'int hole In the freight deck and
went through like a rut followed by a
cat. The snglncer, finding no one at
the wheel Mint her oft anel she drifted
around helplessly.
I . eased f.rln? and rushed to the
water's edge, where I hod to call out
ft numbir of times to the mat., before
getting a response. When he showed
Up ! ordered htm to put a small boat
over and bring a line aBhor?. As soon
as he reached the bank with the line
I had him make fast and ?rd ?r his
<rew to haul away on the line. The
current swung her and she drifted
broadside against the bank. 1 Imme?
diately boarded her with ike com?
pany, leaving a iicntln:! on the gsnu
plank with orders U allow no orn to
pass In or out. Havlnu been on *
forced march an?l short rations. \\ o
?vere ravenously hungry, ntid when wo
reached the cabin we wen delighted
to eee dinner spread and to learn that
the steward hal just raised his gong
to sound the signal for dinner at the
boom ol the first gm.. InfteaJ of tl. i
Hound 'if the gong, the hurried foot?
steps of the steward to the kitchen
w?b the only sound except that made
by the confusion of every one tiyitit;
to tick a place of safety;. 1 had al~ j
through life been accustomed to good ,
things to eat, hui I thought I had nev- ,
er seen as white linen, crockery and ?
glassware r.o clean and polished, nor ]
ii feast so toiTiptlng. When wj wore I
off duty we wer. all boys together, and j
I sung out: "Boy?, help youtseivca!" j
And they went nt it pellmCIl without i
any regard for ofllclal position, as they |
well und?rstood it meant each man for
himself, standing somewhat on tie
dignity of an Omcer, I was shut out j
fre.tv. an easy approach to the table, '
and not wishing tn disturb any one'
from hlr. present enjoyment. 1 went
t? the rear of the cabin and called for
thi steward. 1 asked him if he had
any poundcake When lie sei?), '?.Yes,
al?V I told Iiitn to bring ine ling?
ual oiid ho had. No one except those
?ho have boon long on a diet of haid
laok and tali meal can appreciate the
relish With which ) H-ent for that cake.
I was selfish enough to go to the rear
and Hit on the iloor and go for my
cuke with both bunds, and when I
though or Little Jack Horner sitting
In the corner. I bed to take a respite
for a solitary laugh.
Lilts in the afternoon I discovered
through others that there was whis?
key abroad. When 1 was shown the
source of supply I found The head of a
hu|f?barrel of m fine whiskey an ever
tickled the palate or a gciitl>ninn with
half a head knocked out and ?< tin cup
fitting; on the other half. I niuy have
ut tiie time been nr much puzzled over
tho whiskey situation as ninny gentle?
men who have since undertaken t"
solve the vexed problem, however, thero
was nr. money sp>nt on either side.
1 called for Sergeant Whiting, who
could not h? persuaded to tonch ur
last? tr, and ordere^ him to place a
guard over the whiskey and allow tho
nun to have u reasonald: ration, which
order, however, dirt not place a re?
striction on myself. After having en
Joyed the luxury for some time, 1 was
amused to see ths boy* throwing can?
teens overboard to ?he men ashore
ivhb had besn attracts.) by the boat
to come down to the river, but who
were not allowed to come aboard. So
for as my crowd .wns concerned. I Lit
greatly relieved and concluded It was
u solution of the whiskey Question; and
encournged the men ashore to throw
us thMr empty canteens. While II was
rare sport to sec thern scramble for
it ashore, yet the boys knew that tVia
night was before them, and the limited
amount of whiskey < ?i hand.
I ordered tfrt steward to ksep his
stovo bo? arid cooks In th? kitchen n"
night, with the colffc noillng. As you
must know coffee was more of a rari?
ty than whiskey, and which wat the
luxury most relished was a question
for ench Individual hoy to determine
for himself.
Late ut night 1 retired, leaving In?
structions for the boys to b? careful
and exereiso disc ret ton mid no: drink
loo much eofKe. ns It would unsettle
their nerven. rWorc I reached my
hunk 1 was culled out und r. itlHod
that liiere were ladles aboard, who up
to that time hud been in IllCing tn
their own stateroom. When a reached
them they Mere evidently much con?
cerned and alarm.-d. After a short
conversation I found they were Van
ke. schoolmarms going down the river
to (edeh neproc.-?, notwithstanding
which fact. I hey appeared to me very
cultured and attractive. I *oon nl
layed their frort l.y assuring them they
were in the hands of and under the
protection of gentlemen mid would be
thoroughly protected and respictod.
I stated further, however.- that the
boys were celebrating almoat a blood?
less victory and enjoying the fruits
thereof, und It might oaeni to them that
It was a little holetroua und they need
not be surprised If i: continued all
nicht. They rettrsd and I saw noth?
ing more of them until 1 called for
n next mornitig to be escorted tj
,.(.quarters, w i n. you may not be?
lieve It. yet i< wua a fact, that many
limes on the march jivo had difficulties
In buying the necessities of life, hut
after wl went ashore loaded with pin*
ar.d He. dies ?nd thread, with what
sugar and coffee we could carry, we
had no trouble In m curing anything
Hint was? to be hnd by purchase, as
our noddles and thread were mor; cur?
rent than gold.
In my next next I will give you
something that savors of morn real
warfare and rrsults were much more
serious to tin enemy.
The following letter wu? written by
William HUrric, o( Nashville, h.i<1 pub- i
lisbed a.l the time of ltd receipt, in |
1901, In the Manchester Times. Hein?
Interested In stich scraps of Civil War j
history as would likely prove of m- i
terest to Confederate soldiers and their j
friends, and more especially that con-I
nected my my county (Cqffoej. and.,
believing litnt the following brief
sketch, having to do with the battle j
of Hoover's Gap. will in- eagerly read |
by all Southern soldiers arid their i
sympathizers, I am prompted t<i again I
give publicity to this story, which he- j
stows upon Ucecli Grove the dlst'ne-I
tlon ot" having established the first]
Confederate cemetery in the South,
particularly as I desire that that com- ;
mtinlly Shall have the credit and
honor that rightfully belongs to it for
a noble work. The cemetery i? }o? ;
cated near the junction of the Coffee, i
IJedford and Rutherford county lines.
Mr. Hume's letter follows:
"W. T. Wilson, Ksq., Tullahoma, Tenn:
"Dear Friend ?nd Comrade,?As you !
are aware, nearly every man nblo to
bear arms in the First, Second and
Third Districts of CoiYee county, and
adjoining districts of Rulhorford and
Bedfeod counties, was in the Confed?
erate army, ami made the best of sol?
"In the spring of lS6f> quite a num?
ber assembled at Beech Grove, and re?
ports were mnde that many Confed?
erate soldiers had been hastily burled
In th* fields and pastures nearby, and
In some Instances I he graves wero so
shallow that portions of tho remains
wore showing. These men ail having
lntcly returned to their homes, with
fences artfj stock to a greut extent de?
stroyed or stolen and the country d?>
vastnted, at once ugreed to have alt
these bodlos of Confederate soldiers,
taken up and given a suitable resting
place. They selected the top of the
hllr in the old burying ground on the
Mmichenter like, near th'e Rutherford
county line, nnd In full view of the
Dike, on the land then owned, by David
l-ii-:r<-:i.*<-, had ri nice walnut coffin
made for cacli and relnterrcd there,
pttttluu boards at ouch gravi-, but be?
im; unable to plit any name, us all
Were unknown. They also put a nice
puling fence around the graves.
?'This ivs.s done by the people there
ai their own expense, never calling on
an>J other section for help, and was
the first Confederate soldiers' grave-,
yard in the South that 1 have knowl
"The majority or these veterans and
their fathers aro dead. Possibly Sl?Ko
ly Jacobs, Und Jacobs and Henry Blv-l
ens could give you sonic Information
In regard to this. I think It due your
county t" hav? the honor, as i'. was
done at a time when the Confederate
soldier did not occupy the position in
Cue male of Tennessee and the United
states thai he doas to-day. and It was
entirely the work of love for fallin
comrades. Yours,
The lliiftle.
In the winter of 1S6. and 1X6C Gen?
eva! Bragg wintered his aVtny at Tulla
honia, Tonn., and in the spring of (803
moved north, 'Establishing his line of
defense with the left wing of his army 1
at Shelbyvtlle. Tenn., and his rlghti
wing at. Beech Grove, with General
Bush rod Johnson's brlgado on the ex- '
tremc right. General William H. Bate'
being In command of that wing of the ,
army. The Federal army, under Ilia '
command of General Thomas, was then
stationed at Murfrcosboro, about twen?
ty miles north of Bcvh Grove. About
Juno 20 a portion of Genornl Thomas's
army moved out on the Murfrecsboro!
and Beech Grove Pike nnd attacked the
left wing of General Bragg's army. 1
Tin attack by the Federals was strong?
ly resisted by the Confederates, find
the fighting was kept up for three or
four days, the. Confederates slowly fall.
Ing back The Confederate loss was |
small, but those who wsre killed were '
left on the battlefield, and fell Into
the. honels of the Federals, who gave
them scant burying. The Federal los.? !
in killed and wounded was exuiteuouvy.
us thsy were occupying the battle
iirt.i thr>\- were enabled t<> move their
killed and wounded buck to Murfreos.
The attack by the Federals at Hoo
vor'a Gap and Beoch Grovi was a strat?
egic move to engage General Bragg**
'liny until Ihoy could main, a (lank
movement by way of McMlnnvllIc, with
the view of reaching Chattanooga be
fore General Hrnus; could fall back :??
thai point. Could they have silococdoO
ll would no doubt have proven vcrj
'jlshstroua to the Western arm)'. urn
Wime General tiragg was a good ilgh;
er, be was also go m] on retreat. Tili
Confederate troops that were engaged
in the battl<- of llcoeli Grove and Hoo
ifcr" Ga|i were of Utishrod Johnson's
brlgad?. composed >>f the Hovcnteorith,
Twenty-third, Twenty.nfth nbd Forty,
fourth Teunossee Regiments of Infan'
f-Jtitry ami the Fifteenth Alabama lieg
Imcnt of Infantry; also th? Twentieth
Tenncsaea Regiment of Infantry and J
detachment of General Joe Wheeler's
ouVRiry, commanded by Colonel Taylor.
They a'erc Georgia troops, number of
rcgim?nt not known to the writer: a
battery of artillery. under command
of W. J. McKenzie. Thjs was an Ala?
bama buttery, and did line service In
th. battle, lb,- Twentieth Tcnneaaei
Itiglment. perhaps. suffered the grrat
.CSt loss, as ihey had quite a number
i of killed and woiltdcd; also they suf-?
fercd the lo?s of their colonel. Colonel
Claybrook, who was m cfluimand of
I the regiment.
Ilcconr Interment,
I .Should any of the relatives and
friends have comrades killed at that
time it will be gratifying to them to
know that their remains wer-.- given
decent interment, where :hey could be
look 3d alt?-r. Mr. Hume Is but slating
correct history, when he hivk that this
section sent cy.cry able-bodies mutt
Into iht Confederate urmy In defense
of the Southern enuso. Tha best homes
of that cectlon Were emptied of th?'r
favored sons or all ages and condi?
tions, and. I am of the oplnb n that
he Iis correot In stating that It la til.'
first Confederate cemttery in Hie South,
and th? Her. h Grove section is entitled
to the honor, for R speaks well for
these people. because r.l that time such
a work of humanity and love was In?
deed n labor of. gr?-*t sacrifice.
In giving this short account of the
battle of Beech (trove and Hoover's
Gap the nrltrr Is Indebted to \V. B.
Jaeobs. of Beech Grove, for valuable
assistance In refteshing his memory.
Mr. Jacobs ontered the Confederate ser?
vice from that Fcctlon and is an lion-"
orcd citizen of Beech Orov0 at this
time, and retains fresh In his memory
the events- of that elirrlng perloi.
Wllli.-.m Hume was at the tln.e these
Confcd irate aoldiers were rciiiterred a
citizen of Beech Grove, and 'ook an
active part In that act of devotion to
tile Southern cause. He now resides in
Davidson county and was hlmsMf a
Confederate soldier. Perhaps th-re are
hit few who took part In removing
these Confederate dead to the small,
but beautifully located cemetery ui->
living now. having passed over the
, river. As almost a half a century has
pussed since that orcurrence, this brief
item of war history will be new snd
of Interest to th ? younger generation
that has come on since that momcntoun
I A (.rent Federal Huld tn 1803, nnri Borr
BY G. W. B.
I On tho Mb of April. HdC. General
Joseph Hooker, commanding the Army
of the Potomac, had as hie guest at
his headquarters, near FaTmoulh, Pres?
ident Lincoln, who, on the day follow?
ing, returned to Washington. Hooker
Wrote him on the next day: '"I sln
cerely trust you reached home safely
and In good time yesterday. We all
look back to your visit with great
Among the grave matters discussed
! by the President and General Hooker
was one of supreme Interest and Im?
portance, which contemplated a pow?
erful cavalry raid under General
George Stonemnn. which, by destroying
General Leo's supplies at Gordonsvllle
nnd Charlottesvllle, tearing up the
Central and Acqilla Creel: Railroads.
I and burning the bridges, and at the
; same tlmo threatening Blehmond,
would force I?ee to retreat from Fred,
crlcksburg nnd offer opportunity to the
Federal army to make s concerted at?
tack on hla retiring lines with good
prospects of complete success. These
high functionaries agreed upon the
plan, and on April 13 orders were. Is?
sued by Hooker directing the move?
ment to begin, and providing that the
t roopa should be supplied with eight
days' rations und l to rounds of ammunb
llOn for each man. with the Injunction.
"Corps Commanders will require every
serviceable man to march with the
i columns."
The fore?. employed In th? proposed
raid was the c*valry corps of Hooker's
army, numbering 12.000 men. Including
six light batteries. It was nrrsnged
that these troops should march lip Into
Feuquler county and cross thence over
the Rapptthahnoclt Into Culpeper?
ftavls's Brigade al Freeman's Ford
AvereU's snd Gregg's divisions at
Beverly's Kord, and Buford's reserve
brigade at Koppahannock Bridge. To
facilitate thrso crossings, an Infantry
brigade of the F.lcventh Corps, with
d section of artillery, was sent to the
lower Ford (Kelly's) to make a feint
and. as the order c-xpressed It, "to pre?
vent any communication across the
river on the part of the citizens, or
the enemy from crossing in case they
should attempt It."
In pursuance of the plan of getting
Stoneman's force over the Rappahan
nock, a portion of Davis'? Brigade was
d|rectc<] to proceed along the North
Fork of that river nml cross it at
Sulphur Springs, and then, descending
the stream, join the remainder of the.
brigade near Freeman's Ford. They
were to cross at Welford's on the night
of tiie 18th, and then, by sweeping
rapidly down the main river, uncover
::. vet ley's Ford for the safe crossing
of Avcrcll and Gregg. Simultaneously
with the passage of these two divisions
at the upper ford. Buford was directed
to press his way across at Roppahan
nock Station, two or three miles be?
low. These well planned strategic
movements were to signalize the morn?
ing of April 14.
Wlillo this finely equipped and pow?
erful cavalry force was marching
hopeful and exultant up the Roppa
hannock, Lieutenant Alexander D.
I'nyne, of the Black Horse Troop, com?
manding a Confederate* scouting party
In Fauqulcr, hastened to inform Gen?
eral William H. F. Lee, at Brandy
Station, of the movement, and that
alert and watchful officer at once dis?
patched Captain Stlth Boiling with his
company of sharpshooters to reinforce
the pickets of the Thirteenth Virginia
Cavalry at Kelly's Ford, Captain
Boiling reached the ford before dny.
ilghi, und arranged his men in the rifle
pits. About 8 A. M. a regiment opened
fire on hlin, nnri a body of Buford's
Cavalry made a daah at the fore", hut
retreated at the flrBt fire from Boil?
ing's men. and the attempt to cross at
.this point was not renewed.
While this demonstration was engag?
ing Captain Boiling at Kelly's Ford.
Colonel Kllpatrlck mado a dash ovor
the ford at Rappallannock Station, the
pickets from the Thirteenth Regiment,
occupying 0 blockhouse, bolng forced
to retreat. This daah over the ford
was materially aided by Lieutenant
Woodroof, of Light Company M,
Twentieth United, gtatee Artillery, who
fired ceventy-elght rounds fro,, two'
cannon post''', About 300 yards froth tin ?
blockhouse. The threatening coiid Ho
??it thin point caused General ).<??? to
hasten with the Ninth Virginia Cav
nlry galloping 10 it* relief. Till? regi?
ment wan followed l?y two guns, or
Moorman's Battery, which, tinder dlr'cc- '
[ lion ..c General Stuart, quickly < ngagt .1 1
I the Federal pieces, which had ulr< iwly !
: i" ?:nti tln lr fire The Confederate I
' sharpshootura soon rcocutiplcd the I
' blockhouse at:,t riflcplt*. und Kllpnt- ;
! rhik'a moil rcerosscd tin- river. No
i further set ions demonstration was
I made at this ford.
i While tin- Ninth Itcglnienl was sup- ?
I porting Moorman's guna near the
. bridge. It becurue necessary to detach]
I two squadrons with orders to proceed at'
a gallop to fjovcrley'a Ford, where the j
I diylalons of Slonemnn sent to that'
I point were threiltenlng to cross. Here
i the sharpshooters ol these squadrons,
1 after ciosslng an open plain on foot,]
found ti tVeij Sunken road o(l ||iC river!
! side to offer an ex. client brcuStwoi'k. |
'? Ni> sooner were they posted behind the j
! hank of, this road than Federal carbl
j peers begun io try to dislodge them,'
j firing front the trees und ravine on
i the opposite side. Tills fire kept Upl
j nil late In tile afternoon, with no lit;
j tempt by ihe Fed- ra| cavalry to ride
! through the hazardous, stream,
j As yet there had been no crossing by
, Da vis's Brtgude at Weifor.iv Ford,
j above, und Hu- I lilt of April, which
had been planned to ue bo eventful;
J was drawing to a close under thick
I and ominous clouds, which threatened
j u dOwnpOUr of tain.
j The Federal General commanding
: was in profound ignorance of these
i farts, and felt sanglitno that ad had
' gone well With the expedition, P.aiiy
I on the 15th he wrote to Mi. Lincoln:
'T am rejoiced I hut Stoheiiian had two
I good duye to go up the river, and was
! enabled to cross It before it became too
! much swollen." Tin- President, in the
I deep solicitude he felt for the mover
j trout, had already written to Hooker:
J "Would "he to have u letter from you
i us s?on n.? convenient." Again Hooker
i wrote to I^lneoln: "Just heard from
I St6neme.li. Ilia artillery haa been
brought to a halt by the mud. one dl
| i Ision only having crossed the river."
No hint is given that any csitise other
; than the mud had delayed his iriove
; mem. On April 15, two days after
. the RappahannOck should havi been
. crossed, the Presldoni Informed Geh
l erol Hooker; "It is now 10:13 P. ML.
An hour ago 1 received your letter of
; this morning, and a few moments later
your dispatch of this evening. The hit
I ter gives me considerable uneuslness.
j The rain and mud wen-, of course, to
? be calculated upon. General Stonenian
; is not moving rapidly enough to make
I the expedition come to anything, lie
has now been out three days, two of
which were unusually fair ?ce.it her.
? ? ? And yet he is not twenty-five
tnllcB from where he started. * - I
fear It la another failure already. Write
j me often: I am very anxious."
j The Information sent to the general
: commanding by Stonenian that his ar
I ttllcry had been "brought to a halt by
', the mud." did not discourage that high
I ofTlcer as to still pushing the enter
] prise, an,] he directed hlni on the 15th
j as follows: "If your artillery Is your
! only hindrance to your advance, the
j mujor-generai commanding directs that
J you order It to return, and to proceed
[ to the execution of your orders with?
out It. It is but reasonable to sup?
pose that If you cannot make use of
j that arm of the service the enemy
j When this communication from
: Hooker was received by Storicman the
j conditions Which confronted hin. were
i Interesting and perplexing. The itrong
brigade commanded by Colonel B. P.
: Davis, delayed In the execution of Its
orders by causes that were never ic
ported, had before daylight of the
ISth crossed at W'elford's Ford in a ter
| rifis rainstorm, dispersing the picket*
' of the Second North Carolina Cavalry
J on guard there tn hot haste, and, with
j every man wearing an oilcloth cover,
had inarched down the river l" un?
cover |>-vorlcy's Kord. In doing so '
ilu y poi in between the Mtiarjpaiidoiera
on guard 01 tin- ford and their horses,
left in care of Hi" reserve pickets oh
the hill In He renr. and captured the
borae*. nml greatly threatened to do
tin- same for tlie sharpshooters. Col?
onel Lewit>, of I he Ninth Cavalry, com?
manding those reserve plcki Is. opened
fire oil the ntcii under ihe dlcloths,
and giivn nhundaut warning that they
had crossed the river. General W. n.
!'. I.? , with the Thirteenth Virginia
Cavalry and several s?|Uudrol)s of Hie
Ninth, hastened t<> oppose the adyeii- .
turous regiment* of Davis.
Toe situation -if these litter regi-?
ntenlrt was nut an enviable one. The
torrents of rain that ha,] fallen dur?
ing th.. night hud swollen the river
beyond its banks. Only by swimming
tin horses could it be crossed. There
was no possibility of Gregg br Avcrcii
or liuford coming tu Davls's assistance.,
V*. Ithtn an hour, at (east, Stuart might
hurl hU whole available rorce of 2,000
men against them, and rake the plain
with Moorman's guns. Nothing seemed
to remain to Davis but to get back
over the river, und this he hastened
to do by a rapid inarch to Bovorley'S
ford and a precipitate and daring
j plunge by his men into the ragln.r
j current.
Tiie two regiments of W. II. K. i>ee's
; command, above mentioned, charged
the retreating column near the river,
? capturing men and horses and their
, equipments, How many horses or men
w< re lost, having been swept down on
! the swollen torrent, we never aev-er
i talned. Under the circumstances, there
, was little prospect of General Stone
; man's proceeding to the execution of
I ins orders, although the commanding
?? total advised him: "This army Is
'. now awaiting your movement. * ? * in
! view of th" swollen condition of the
I streams It Is not probable, in the
j ' vent <>f your being able to ntlvancc,
that you will be troubled by tho In
' fail try of the enemy."
On April I'i ?tonemari informed the
commanding general: "No coiunianil
ever hail higher hopes, or was more
confident of success, though Ignorant
of wiiat it was expected to perform:
j but the elements crem to have con
I spired 10 prevent tho accomplishment
of a brilliant cavalry operation." The
lereat raid, and the paralyzing blow
which It was designed I? strike, was
for the time defeated, and Lincoln's
prophetic fear abundantly fulfilled
Wlfieii ho said: "I fear It Is another
. fiitluie already."
Tribute of n Comrade.
Ed tor of Tie Tlmes-Dlspatch :
Sir. ? i see 'n your issue of the i"th
that M. L Young, of Spotaylvanla
county, died suddenly on the evening
of the lath. Ao an old friend and com?
rade. I wish to pay thlB tribute to his
memory: I knew him from boyhood,
and ills character was blameless. When
j a company was being raised In the
' upper end of Caroline county for Con
? federal" service he was among the Ural
' to enlist. Brav? and unassuni'ng. he
won the respect, admiration and love
of his comrades, as well as of superior
officers. From private he rose to or?
derly seru-eanl of Company 'J Chlles
btirg Light Infantry), Thirtieth Yir
glnls Regiment, and was never known
to shirk any duty. Obedience was his
watchword, and he took pride in enrry
Ing out to the letter every order Issued
from headquarters. Captain T. 13.
, CoghlM. of ncn- Bowling Green, was
i first commandant of tho company, and
at the reorganisation Captain G.
: Allonsworth, one of the bravest of tho
braVc, succeeded him. As one by one
the bravo boys answer tho "roll call
Uli yonder," we can but fee! that wo
shall soon Join their ranks, anil should
i this meet the eye of any surviving
member of the old Thirtieth we would
i be delighted to hear from him.
I.ate First Lieutenant Company G,
Thirtieth Virginia Infantry.
Alderson, w. Va? February 13,1312.
j Origin of Hny, Hures, etc., <?<???
I We have come* across n i):i;>er by
KHnor L.uompton, giving the or.l
'pin of the name Hay und Hayes, which
may be Interesting those who hear
; these names.
"The Hayes family has enough ro
I mance In Its history to stock a three
volume novel.
The romance begins with the origin
of tho name, In 9S0, A. D., and at the
battle of Loricarty, when, tn the tini! of
Kenneth III., the Danes Invaded Scot
j land. At the battle the Scots. fleeing
beforo the enemy, wee stopped by a
I countryman, of great strength snd
i courage, anil his two sons. Their only
? weapons wore the yokes of their plows.
! The three brav? tnen rallied the troops,
Ihe battle was renewed nnd the Danes
. Mod, defeated,
j The old man, wounded and tying on
'Hie ground, cried out. "Heigh: hilgh!"
j which translated In modern language
' is the equivalent of '"Hurrah! hurrah!"
It Is easy to understand how this
j word became the Hay, Hays or Hayes
! of to-day, after, of course, passing
, through a process of evolution.
I "Lit him be called Heigh." pro?
claimed the King, "nnd his posterity
t i-i evermore.'' And'thus It was with
' ino gift of as much land In Perthshire
as a falcon should fly over without
j alighting. The falcon (knowing what
I was expected of htm) made It Mxactly
six mile:-. The record Is quit-} expl clt
upon this point, nllghtlng upon a stone,
which i.-< still . ailed Faiconatone. Tin
fa Icon W?3 grunted as n crest, and
ihrre shields or escutcheons?one for
.euch man?were the chargas, with the
I motto "Sorvu Jllgum."
I This, then. Is one theory of the origin
lot" th" itamo and the granting of 011?
I coat of arms. Forty arms, more or less.
I have been granted at different I'mcs
I lo branches of tho Hayes. Hay.-: and Hay
> families. Heyes is also another form ol
! the name,
I Hay Is the Scottish form of the name,
land Hayes the. English. In Kent and
I M!ddl:ssr.\- there aro tonvns culled
! llnycs.
! If there arc those who do not accept
I Ihs theory of the origin of the name
: Hayes bore given, othor theories ore at
'band. On; traces the word to the Sans
\ krlt leak, pronounced in English Ilka
j hag, or hngh. It means to surround, or
I gird, and from it are ihc Latin words
jhnya or hagn; tho Dutch haag or hagUe
i or heil) the French hale or hala; tho
i Anglo-Saxon hsga or heg-.?: the English
haw, hedge, hay: the Lowland Scottish
hag, halff,, halgh, hay. All mean a
fence or boundary. In Arabic the word
Is haugon.
In Normandy llvt'o were lands and
a Lordship of Hale 100 years or more1:
before ihr Conquest, nnd Lb Sl^ur de la
I Hay was otto of William's Knights,
I lOCij. Do Hagn, lo Hawc and dc la
Hayo aro old forms of the name.
Sovcral of the Hayes, Flays or Hay
name .were among found ?rs of towns
in this country. In Connecticut, about
.1045, \vc find Thomas at Mllford, j
Nnthanlel ai Norwalk and R'ehard at
? Lymo; in li'.SO. ut Wlhdibir, George, nnd
In Dover, N. II.. John.
I One of the founders of .Newark. N.
J., along with the Cranes, Treats and n
] frw others, were descendants n|
' Thomas, of Milfurd. and of the Hayes'
I name.
George, nf Windsor. Is supposed to
? have been horn In Scotland and h Hay.
I tie added "s" or '"is" to his name af
I tor arriving tn this country, or he had
. lived In England before coming here,
I and had there added the extra two let?
ters to his name.
I George ninrr'ed for his ser.i.td wifn
'Abigail Dlbol. or more probably nibble
fwho would be a Dibol if Dibble was
Just as easy?). Their wedding day was
August :'f. 1GS3. As fjeors-e had throe
children by his llrst wlfo. he must
have been marrisd when he came to
this country. He was the proud father
of eleven?live were sons. He died at
Simsburg, 1726, nnd his name?sighed to
;h's will?i.- Spoiled Hays, llow n man
spell.d his name, however, In colonial
times tolls us nothing. Wr of to-day
knoy very much better how George
' should spell his, and Hayes is tho way.
; iSnotigh said.
'. Now. his eldest son wrote his namo
, "Danlll Hals." But he furnishes SO
I much romance-?although ??romance''
I was probably not his name for it?to
i the story that we are finite wlll'ng to
allow him any privileges in the way of
orthography. Time fails to go '.nto his
: st?>ry in detail, but he was carried
nway by Indians to Canada, where ho
, w as kept four or five years. Ho dually
; f..und his way home again, and in 1720
' bullt n hnuse at Simsburg, of whteh
the foundation walls still re inn 111. Ho
Is a good ancestor to claim. If you can,
i for he was in the war called aft ?r
Queen Anne. His Is the oldest atone
! In Ihc old Salmon Brook Cemetery.
Daniel married Martha llotcombfl ilrsi.
Sarah l.ee second. Mary-third,
land h > had a large family.
Diehard, the Immigrant, married Pati?
ence Mack, and thoy had nine olive
branches. Richard was n lieutenant In
j the French and Indian Wer.
Ituthorford B. Hayes, nineteenth Pres
1 Ident, was descendant from George, of
, Windsor.
I George Hay, of Virginia, mcrrled a
'daughter of Presldont Monroe.
Ilcltrnnn's "Ollle.crs of Iho American
Revolution" given the following names:
I From Pennsylvania, Lteutonn-ii Vat
j tick, Samuel, Udley and William Hay:
! from Virginia, Surgeon Joseph Hay.
From Now Jersey, Major Samuel
: Hayes; from Virginia, Lieutenant
'l'hcnias Hayes.
From Now Jersey, Ensign Jphh
I Hays: from Virginia. Knslgne Andrew
I anil Robert and Captain .lonn Hays;
j from North Carolina. r.nsUn Robert
I Hays; from Georgia, Lieutenant Arthur
! Hays.
F.very one know.-s th.- story of Moll
fit eher, the Revolutionary heroine.
Her name, howovnv, was not Moll
Pitcher. Sho was h*>rn Mary Ludwig,
and nn.-rled John Hives, of Pennsyl?
vania, nn artillerist As a Hayes,
therefore, w? can gi/e her a plncc In
our story.
I Slio went nbout iwlth her husband,]
In the war. and la said to have- fired
the last shot at Ft. Clinton Whon tho
light was on she carried water with i
which ti> nw?b out thi jcuns. hi tho-?> ;
water buckets wtre callrrl pitch- 1
crs. This is why she wan called by '
the soldiers "Moll Pitcher" There Is
? ^t"'.'>? thai Washington made her a |
sergeant for her bravery at tho battle
? Monmonth. Tiwo monuments hav i!
been eercted to her memory; one over |
her grave in Carlisle. Penn., und an- |
other on Hie battle flold of Monmonth.
When WS are told that tho Hayes
haVc strongly marked Scottish Charac?
teristics we assent If wo know tho
family well, but moi without a re
serve. We are not willing to acknowl?
edge that one Scottish trnlt Is theirs
to a marked degree: that they uro pru
dent to iho vcrga of exclaiming with
the Highlanders that he had not bean
III Ixmdon t;wo hours before ?bang
weht saxpence'."
Favorite names of an early genera?
tion ara Edward, Julius, Milton. Mllo.
Ftiiyel and Ezeklel; there seems to have
been n rare fascination about the name
Exoklol! Can any one lay hands upon
;i family of two or three hundr-d years
ago that hadn't an Ezeklel? Then oth?
er Hayes favorites were Sureptu. Lucre
tin and Melissa.
The coat-of-arms Illustrated Is blaz?
oned: Three escutcheons, gules.
Crest?A falcon rising, propeer.
Motto?Rcrva .Tugum?Keep the yoke.
Sparc Nought Is the motto of ihn I
Marquis of Twceddale. whoso family
name |s Hoy. as It Is also of thi Earl
of Errqll.
Pro Patrla is also a Hay or Hayes
Tiic Hayes, of Chester, England, were '
granted arms In ISIS, which Is blaz- I
otied: Sable; In d chevron, argent,
three leopards' heads, or a crescnt,
j Crest?A deml-llon holding a pheon,
j argent, sta, or.
February 12, lfiO'i.
Editor Genealogical Column:
Hear Sir.?In your Sunday's paper,
to un Inquiry nskcr, who did Ann
Ball, the half-sister of Mary Ball, mar?
ry? Your reply Colonel Joseph Con
way. This Is a mistake. She married
Colonel Edwlh Conway', of the third
generation, as will he seen by my !
article Inclosed, which I prepared chief?
ly from data Dr. Tyler, of William and 1
Mary, furnished me some ten years
ago. Respectfully,
i Charleston. W. Vu.
{The nail, Conuny. Cnaklns, McAdam,
mid other kindred of Will In m nnd
! Jnnettn llrono, ?r Nortticru Neck,
: (By Thomas I... Broun, of Charleston.
West Va;)
William Ball was horn In London In
1018. Married Hannah Atherold July 2,
1BII: died at Mlllenbcck, In Lancaster
i county, Va., In 1CS0.
! Joseph Ball, sen of William Boll,
was born May SI, Iti!?: died at "Epplng
Forest." Lancaster county, in June,
nil. He married twice: fl). Elisa?
beth Romn?y, daughter of William
Romney, of London; (2), Mary John
; Bon, widow of - Johnson, of Lan
' caster county, Va.
Issue by first marriage: (a). Hannah
Ball, who married Rnleigli Travels:
(b), Elizabeth Bull, who married Rev'd
John Carnegie; (c), Esther Boll, who
married Raleigh Chlnn: (d), Ann Bail,
who married Col. Edwin Conway, of the
third gen?rntlon; (e). Joseph Boll, who
married Frances Ravenscroft, of Eng?
I Issue by second marriage: Mary Ball
(mother of Washington).
The maternal grandparents of George
Washington were Joseph Ball, of Lan?
caster county, Va.. and Mary, his wlfi,
[who was a widow three times: (1),
As Mary Johnson, widow of -
Johnson; (2), as Mary Ball, widow of
. Joseph Ball; (3), as Mary Hughes,
! widow of Richard Hughes.
Joseph Ball, grundson of William
Ball, was educated In England, married
there, settled In London and became a
prominent barrister of law at Iho Eng?
lish bar. He was the uncle of George
Washington, and brother of Ann Ball,
wife of Edwin Conway, of the third
(.Hee Hayden'S Virginia Genealogies
and Blfhop Meade's Old Churches and
Families in Virginia.1
I Mary Conway wus thi daughter of
Col. Edwin Conway. and Ilia wife. Ann
! Ball,
j The onid Mary Conway married
Thomas Gasklns, of the fourth genera,
tlon (name originally spelled Gas
i koyoe).
Of their children was Sarah Ann
Casklns, who married Or. Jonsph Mc?
Adam In July, 1741. who was iho son
of Joseph McAdam and Janet MUlr,
who were married In Lancaster coutt
i ly. Va.. In July 1712.
j (From the McAdam Family Bible
I published In 1/ondon In 1608, and now
In my possession.)
j Jdnotia McAdam. daughter or [>r.
I Joseph McAdam and 'wife, Sarah Ann
Gasklns, was the wife of Wlllluin
Broun, of Scotland.
Eleanor Rose Conway, wife of Col.
', James Madison, Scn'r, and daughter of
Francis Conway. of the third genera
I tlon. was the mother of President James
Madison. Francis Conway was half
j brother of El win Conway, of the third
' generation.
Edwin Conway, of the second gener?
ation, was the great-grandfather of
James Madison. President of the Ulilt
I cd States, nml also the great-grand fa
! ther of Janotta McAdam (my grarid
. mother), who was th? wife of William
lb nun (lawyer), the son of George and
Margaret Brotlli, of Scotland: thus
Showing, us stated by Hayden, In his
? Virginia Genealogies, that the Ball
family furnished George Washington
i to the country, and that the Conway
I family furnished Presldsnl James Mad.
? son.
(See Hnyilen's Virginia Genealogies,
I pages 14T, 232. etc.)
(See William and Mary Historical
Magazines, i And
j (IT Lyon O. Tyler's report on the
? Northern Neck Kindred of the Broun
Robert nnd William Broun, brothers,
were emigrants from Scotland. Tiny,
enmc to America about 1,'to.
Robert Brouh settlod on a planta
I tlon naar deorge Town, In South Caro?
lina, nnd practiced his profession
j (medicine).
William Broun settled In Northern
Neck, Virginia, and practiced Ills pro?
fession (law).
Dr. Robert Broun was born In 1711}
married Elizabeth Thomas, of .-"juth
Carolina, daughter of Edward Thomas,
and granddaughter of Rev. Samuel
Thomas, who was the first missionary
sent to South Carolina und re the di?
rection of "the Society for the Pro?
pagation of tho Gospel In Foreign
The children of Dr. Robert Bronn and
wife were as follows: (1), KHznb?th,
who married Mr. John" Nowell; (2),
Mary, married Mr. Locock; i3>. Mar?
garet, marrlrd Mr. Richard Lord; (4),'
Archibald, born January 9, 17.12 O. S.:
married August 17, 17S0, Miss Mary
Deas, born Juno 19, WHS; died March
12, 1837: ("?). Ann, married flrst Ca.pt.
Cus.ick, and secondly Mr. John Huger;
(6), Jane, married Mr. Sauiidcrs; (7),
Upon the tombstone ?of Dr. Robert
Broun Is tho following: "Sacred to
tho immory of Dr. Robert Broun, who]
dopurtdd th|3 life November -5. 1737, |
iMor "u").
In thu graveyard of St Jam?s Church*
nbout (1 f*o-ri miles from Charleston, s.
(3s. iT" burled l>r. Robert Broutt anrl
:nrniVirr< of the Dcnu family and tho
Htokli r family.
Many of tho Broun family write their,
name v. as an accent over tho letter;
"u." jjH
Archibald Broun, son of Dr. Robert)
n::d Elizaboth (Thonion) Broun, was
bom in Charleston, S. C., Dth, January,
, 1152, and died 14 th. DecomW, i7t>7,
nnd "asm burled In St. Philips graves
yard, i'harlcston, s. c. nr served hisi
country as a captain in the War oC
I the I'. "Volution and was wounded at
the siege of Savannah, During tho
] war ho was Intrusted by the State with
tho important mission to Franco to .
procuri a loan. Me was successful In
his mission, and the supplies wero
shlpp id to Charleston, but, unfortu?
nately, the Vessel was captured by
the British nnd all irus lost. On his)
to America he landed at Bos?
ton and from there rode on horseback ?
j to Charleston. After tho war ho set?
tled as a plunter on Cooper liivcr, nr.d
died oh the lllh of December. 170".
Ills son. Archibald Broun, was n nier
chanl in Charleston until 1833, and In
l >. - . her of that year he moved his
family to Mobile, Ala.
Mary Broun, tho widow of Captain
Archibald Broun, received a pension
I of forty dollars ($10) monthly for
i many years from tho United States
government for hla services In the Win*
of tiu Revolution. Site died when
ninety-five years old.
The linger. Den-. Singleton. LcHCsne*
Manning. Stnkler and other South Caro?
lina families, and the Harlstona, ofl
Alabama, are tho kindred of Dr. Robert
Brotin and wits.
(See Pedigree of Hugcr Family ol
South Carolina.)
The children of William and Jaucttai
Broun were as follows: (1), Georgo
McAdam Broun, horn Sth, January,
1773; (2), Ann Loo Broun, bom Sth, No
vembor, 177.">: (;t). Thomas Broun, bort?
?Ith, October, 177!?: (I), Edwin Couwa./
Uroutl, born 9th, March. 17S1.
'i'ho grandchildren of William andi
Janotta Broun were the children (1) or
I Thomas Broun, who married October
Dth, IS07, Bllsnboth G. Lee. daughter
of Charles and Sarah I.oe. of Cohb'.l
Hall, In Northumberland county, Va.?
and had Issue us follows: (I). William
Wnters Broun, born 27th, August, 1S0S;
(3), Sarah Elizabeth Broun, born 20th,
September, 1810, and married William
Edwards; (31 Dr. Charles 1^-e Broun,
horn 1st. March, ]Sl~; ({). .lane Ann
Broun, born-. and married Samuel
Atwlll; (6), Edwin Broun, born 10th,
September, 1S10; (0). Judith Leo Broun,
born 26th, July, 1S23. and married Oc
tavlha I.awson.
Othr grandchildren of William and
Janeita Broun w?re (21 tho children
of Edwin Con way Broun, who married
twice: First, Maria llalc. widow of
John Hale, and daughter of Colonel
Crane, of Northern Neck. Vn., and haul
issue as follows: [n] (1). George Mi>
Ailnm Broun, born 7th September, 1S0S;
(2 1, James William Broun, born 23d.
?lutie, 1810; (3), Harriot Ann Broun,
horn 2d October. 1S12. married Stephen
Garland Bailey: (I), Edwin Con wax
Broun, born 38t.lt August, 181S.
1 The children of Edwin Con way
. Broun and his second nvlfo, F.llzabetll
j Channell. daughter of Dr. James Chan?
nel) (tradition says, of Philadelphia),
land granddaughter of William s. pics
kett. of Fattqulcr county. Vu.. were OS
follows: (1). Maria Broun, born lltli
October. 1S20. married Rev. Fouchcc C.
Tobbs: (2), James Channell Broun,
born 15th May. 1S22; (3). Thomas Leo
Broun, born 2tUh December, 1823; (4),
.Susan Jane Brotin. born 12th October,
1?25. married Joseph M. Stevens; (?),
William Loroy Broun, born lit Octo?
ber, 1S27; (8), James Conway Broun,
born 1st April, 1S20; (7), Anno Eliza
Broun, born 3th November, IH30; (8),
Sarah Broun, born 7th June, 1S33; CO,
I Elizabeth Ellen Broun, born I Sth April,
183 I: (10), Joseph McAdum Broun, born
23d December. 1S3S,
(i'rom Family Bible of Edwin Cons
way Broun and his wife. Kl'zubct It,
now in my possession.!
At this'dale, October, ioio. Thorn aa
L. Broun, of Charleston. West Va. (88
I years ol?l). and Mrs. Susan J. ritevehs,
of Ashevlllc, N. C. (5 1 years old), nre
j the only two surviving children of tho
'twelve children of I'M win Conwajr
Broun, Son'r, living at tho dato of his
death. August, iS39. In Mlddlebursfr
Eoudouu county. Virginia.
.v.o. Shepherd Street. N. W..
Washington. D, C.i Feb. ti, 1012.
Editor Genealogical Column:
Tnncr.?Benjamin Tarver came tej
' Virginia and settled in Dawreneeville,
Brunswick county, V.l.. Just before tlio
I Revolution. Ho had eight sons?John,
! Andrew, William, Holier;. Thomas, rn.'<
Surah Little, Samuel, Jacob and Bcn
I.iamin. Cnh any on; toll mo whotlieq
? the above Samuel was the Samuel Tar
Ver who was bom about 1730. died
February 8. 1815, married December
127. 17.S7. Charlotte Goff. or not? U
I would also like the blrlh dates, or tiny.
Information about the other sons.
I iiriMvn.?John Brown, son of William
and Mary Long Brown, married Mary
j TarVsr, daughter of Thomua and
j Sarah (Little) Tarver. Can' any one
give me any Information about John
I Brown 7
Mercer_Benjamin .lames Mcrce-s
(Mnrcer) was living In Pennsylvania in
I 17S2. in I7S7, ho married Elizabeth.
I Mott. In Now York City. Can any one
! tell me what family of Mercers he bo-i
I longed to?
j .Moii.?lames Mott died In Baltimore,
Md, Elizabeth Mercer administered hla
estate Can anv one tel lino the fam?
ily of Molts that Elizabeth belonged,
February 8, 1012.
(20 N. Second St.. Feb. .Sth.
Wilmington, N. C,
j Editor Genealogical Column:
Dear Sir.? I wish to know of the!
? ancestors of William Woodard and)
? Oliva Bull. als.. Julia Phillips. Tlicy
j lived in Norgollt and Princess Anno
I counties, Vu. Julia Phillips married John
Smith, who cable to Norfolk, Vn., from
England. Their son. Mitchell Smith,
I was horn in 17S1, and died about 1S16.
[John Smith was a teacher by proft-S
; slon. tauglit in the old Norfolk Acado
| my.
Olive Wo.>.lard's daughter, of William
I Woodnrd anil Olive Butt, was born
! May 3d, 17S3. She married Mitch 11
! Smith about 1800. They lived a low
Hilles from Groat Bridge, where tho
Revolutionary battle was fought, t
would like to know if any of the
Smiths. Phillip;, Butts or Woodards, or
their ancestors, were In this battie.
How can l get this information? X
will thank you kindly to dire-: inc.
Editor Genealogical Column:
,Slri_Will S. Q-, your correspondent",.
plcaso let me know through your col-i
umii whom did Thomas, son of Col?
onel John Waller marry- ?Elisabeth
Whom? Whom did John, son of this
Thomas'marry?Mary Ann whom?- And
decs he, S. Q . know the names of thits
John's children. By replying to this)
through The Tlmes-Dlspatch ho will
Confer a gieat favor on.
Vours respectfully. ? i
i February ?. 1012.

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