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Agriculture, Commerce Financial, Manufacturing, Real Estate. I HK TIMKS FOUNDED IUI THE DISPATCH FOUNDED J?O. RICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY, MARCH 17, 1912. PRICE FIVE CENTS. THE HOOKWORM;! IIS ERADICATION The Rockefeller Fundi and How It Is Being Used in Virginia. PLAIN FACTS ON A DIRTY SUBJECT Hookworm Is a Terrible Reality, Easily Gotten Rid Of?Sanita? tion in the Country Regions Is the Only Permanent Cure?Some Straight? forward Talk. BY FltANK V WOOUSfbS. The war against tho hookworm in tin- South, anil especially in Virginia, Is distinctively ?n Industrial proposi? tion, and as such I propose to treat It. At the same lime it is Ulnd of In? decent proposition, the tr^aiinont <>f whU h may not come under the he id of polite and really decent literature, but to ?et at practical results we must ?Oihotlmcs talk right out in meeting without regard to what may t.e aonie ilnKitf regarded as the sacred proprio- I tlce. The slmpl?. truth Is thnt the! hookworm, whlcjl his been proven to be very hurtful to Virginia develop? ment, 1? ."Imply a get in or product of numan filth. Too much modesty and too much of ? disposition to talk in whlsper? and ?tot call things by their right names probably are responsible in a great! measure for the spread of the book? worm illPfe-i?'; in the rural districts of, Virginia Thin article iji going to deal with the hookworm disease and t.tlngs ; are going to br called by their right names. It 1? an article for general information and for positive Untrue- j tion, and I give warning right now j ihu If there be any people among. The Times-Dispatch readers who- do j not relish plant talk and do not wish to hear or read about tilings called j by their right names they can simply ( sitib this page or thli column. &0 much by way of Introduction. Tlir lloekefeller Pund. When .lohn ?. Rockefeller appro-] prlated a million dollar/ of hla good money tu the good work of eradicating the hookworm disease in ihn South he did the best day's work of bit career, it la Hue that there were lota of Southern peOptc who made! light of his offer, and there were a tew wlto considered It en Insult. Som?Jr bow or some othor way they bad got- , ien an Idoa into thtl! noggins tbnt the hookworm disease was something! of a disgrace, n kind of evidence of; laziness or something like that. This j idea has been dissipated, and the Peo? ple have learned that the hookworm Is ? really n trouble. That it is largely peculiar to the South Is due to the! ?act that the South is a warm coun? try. Thei hookworm is a real fact, a Hying fact, and it lives httter under a Southern tun than a Northern sun. and j that ir. why it is peculiar to the South. However, tlie hookworm nourishes In the North to a certain extent, accord- ) ing to climatic conditions. The niedl- j cal writers tell us that the hookworm is largely in American product. It appears anywhere, in this country Where necessary sanitary arrange? ments are not made, attd the less the sanitary arrangement" the more num? erous 1? the hookworm. Perhaps the lack of sanitary arrungetnents in thei south is responsible for the. large p!t>. valahce of the hookworm. \\ here It I" I on r like ?. But be this as it may. the fact re mains that then Is more of the hook? worm in the South than in the North rind greatly more. In the country than in the cities. Nobody ever heard of a hookworm In R'chmond. or in Washington, o: In Baltimore. Sanitary arrangements 'n those cities forbid. The hookworm Is the child of th* unsanitary arrangements about the farm, about the country schoolhouse and about the country churches. Rock? efeller knew very well what he was doing when he put tip his pile to erad? icate the hookworm disease in the South. Of th-s fund Virginia gets about' tin,000 per year, and the j-amv Is ex? pended under the supervision of the Suite. Health Board. rir. Allen H". Freeman, a member of the State Board of Health, gets at least half of his pay from this Rock-, sfeller fund, and the four district agents get the'r pay entirely from the fund, and they earn every dollar they work for. Thu? It may be seen that Virginia is not expensing Itself very much to eradicate the hookworm, but all the i same tno hookworm is b. ing eradl-1 rated, thanks to Mr. Roekefcllei an<) ! h:s millions. Out for Information, I had heard a good deal about this Rockefeller contribut'on and the back-j ? landing of the Virginia medical de-i parlmeiit ami the public school <b - i partment and all that kind of tiling, < but I wanted to see. a thing or two; for myself, with my own eyes, so to ' speak. And so I was not slow to accept] the invitation of IJr. U". A. Plocker to go down Into a section of the South- ] side to sec bow the old thing w orked j out. Dr. Pleckei and 1 visited three coun? try schools (wo bad planned to strike about six. but the rainy weather I knocked us out). However, In these j three schools 1 saw and studied his methods. . In the first place, when the cducft- i torn along this medical line llrst got I Into business they discovered what I discovered twenty yenrs ahead of j them?to.-wlt, that there Is no use in talking to an old fogy; If you want, to educate, hit the young mind. Hav? ing d!scovored this very patent fact the good doctor who took me around and about In his territory explained to ine that he was not monkeying very much with the old folks or the did tlmey country doctors, but was, spend' tng his time with the children In the. ?ohools and the bright young women who were, teaching in the same. Modcufy to the Winds. T learned that when this hookworm business first became n suhjoct of dls (Cussion the young women who boss the fContlnuod from Third~raK?TI THE HOOKWORM AND ALL ABOUT IT STUDYING THE HOOKWORM THROUGH THE MICROSCOPE A HOOKWORM CLASS?ALL HATE IT. GETTING READY TO STUDY THE HOOKWORM. ST IT) E.\TS EAGER TO t.EARN AHOIT HOOKWlUOI._A MALE HOOKWORM CASE. A FEMALE IIOOKWortM OASE. IVIEWS AND NEAR VIEWS; HINTS AND SUGGESTIONS A Modest Woman's Views?Richmond-Peters? burg Combination?Lengthy and I#uch Va? ried Screed From Albemarle?The Up? per James Country?Where Rich? mond Gets In?Various Views. BV FRANK S. WO OD SON > Industrial editor. Tbl? eolumu |h open to contributors who hnve nonjet hing to say of n sugr Kcstlvr nature ami ?hn arc Milling to ranUp blntn nnil Miggc-i Ions looking to tbu heller development of the Baad old Mute? of Virginia, Weal \ Irginla and North Carolina, and nbii can hold Ihclr surKch Ion* dovta lu nii> onr Issue to from ISO la '-'00 anriJ.i. Such emn m 11 ii lent Ion", nildrraned In the Indus-1 I rial Kdltor, villi receive prompt at? tention. , \ Woman'* Vlcns. A good women in the Southsidc see-, ?ion of Virginia writes me that she' wants to malte, a few remarks In this] ocluinn, but she fears that if she once K>ts into print she will ricquiro a protn-i i'netice dial slie is not looking for. I Invited her t<> lire away for one Issue .anyhow, and promised h r that I would: not give her name away, not evsh toi the magazine people who may possibly ?fter her big money for some of her, view??possibly, but not very likely. 1 Here Is her first effort: '"1 have been attend the Sunday schools and the church services In the country' for about a tiunrter ..C a century?1 would not like to confess to a::y longer period. ! do not sec to-day that there has been! any change in the work since i was a little girl. Von have heard a great deal' of talk about the boys ihd girls becom? ing dlssatlsfled with country conditions and showing a tendency to move to the cities or |u the better informed rurnl districts of some other States. Don't J you reckon that if folks in the] rural districts had some more up-to date preachers and Sunday school lead? ers we might In: a little bettor satis lied with the doctrines we hear. We folks In the country ara longing for some up-to-dateness. Our country preachers are not up-to-date and nro school teachers arc far from date, ex-' cept the dale of pay day. and then they are right there with both feel on the ground." A great deal may be read between the lines In the above. ; ? Richmond nnd Petersburg, j "0. I am .lust n Petersburg man, and I i suppose you will Ignore my plea." j So writes ,1 man from the Utile city on the Appomattox, ami th*n he goes on to suggest, and a good suggestion lit Is, that Richmond and Petersburg get together. This Petersburger I* of the opinion thfu if the Chamber of Com? merce of Richmond and the Chamber of Commerce of Petersburg- will get closer together and pull more firmly together and forget all kinds of jeal? ousies, some miehty good work for the! mnerul good can bo done. 1 ouitej agree with tie- Petersburger, who isks'i tno as a special favor to keep his name| out of print for the present. ,ltlch- j niohd ami Petersburg are almost one.j Why should they pull a-, nrt? Some otl these days they may be. just one city. Let them anticipate this good day by Lulling together now. With i.ratio, of Allowance. I have a corrospondent up In the flnnj old county of Albemarle, and he does' not have a great deal to do in an ln-i dustrinl way. being very well provld-j cd for so far as livinir expenses are) concerned. Hut he Is a i hilosopher ullj tlie same, and when ho hasn't got any. i thing else to do. and 90 per cent, of his! time he ha?n't, he writes me about I things In general. Sometimes hid let tors are good and to the point. Some-' times they arc not and then I kh'rowl them in the waste basket. Sometimes' they are a little mixed. The one i' am printing below la one of the mixed: kind. The roador can take It for what it Is worth. Here is just what he says, alter addressing his letter to the In-1 dlistrial editor and adding "Hear Sir:" | "One of the weak points about Vir-: gillla and Virginians Is thnt they have' so little confidence in themselves, or in' their State, and so many still say thatj she saw her best days in slavery days | before the Civil War. "However. I am aware that there! is a certain class who speak with their! lips as though they nad such court-j deuce, but this class are mostly Inter-! esleii in selling land titles to outsiders, or in boosting the 'community values' of their own land titles. "Now, I will give some plain, un cedoreel facts about the many and varied advantages of Virginia: i "Tho location of Vlrgtnla. on Chesapeake Bay, and In regard to cli Vnato Is the very beat in the wholo world. Eastern Virglnl.i Is'as close to; New York City ns arc Buffalo and i [ Rochester in Western New York, and | I wc aro much closer to Philadelphia I and Baltimore. Also our own eities? Richmond. Norfolk and Washington? are fast-growing markets for tho pro-| (Continued ori Third Page.) DEMONSTRATOR f armers' Co-Opcrativo Demon? stration Work tu Be Discussed at Length at Blacksburg. TO MEET THIS WEEK All the Agents to' Get Together for Work and General Instruction. The agents engaged in the fanners' co-operative demonstration work will hold a inactiliK at the Virginia Poly? technic institute tliis week, beginning Tuesday morning, the 19th. at 10 o'clock, and continuing through to the 21st. All of the district and coun? ty agents will be 'ri attendance and also representatives from the State and C n't cd State; Departments of Ag? riculture. The object of the meeting Ir to outline the work for the year and get all of tin agents in touch With each other. The following la the program as at Present arranged: Morning session. ?March IS?Opening address, L'r. P. H. liarrlngcr president; "Demonstration Work." \V. W. Lous. Held agent; "Organization," T. ?. Sandy, State agent; "Duties of a Dis? trict Agent," s r. Furrnr, assistant State agent, "How Many Jjoys and Men Demonstrators a County Agtnt Can Care For," W C. Shackleford. district agent. Afternoon session?"Soil Fertility." Professor Dav'dsoit; "Penults of Kx pcrlmonts on Farm Crops," Professor Carr'er: "Prlnolples of Holt Fortuity," Dr. Fletcher; "Farm Butter-Making." Professor Bra'nard. Front i o'clpek to 0 o'clock Inspec? tion of stables barns, etc. tlyen'ng session?"Rotation of Crops." short talk by each agent. Morning session?March 20?"Boys' Corn Clubs," Professor Martin or lien son; "How to Make a Weekly Field Report," W. P. Moore, d'strlct agent; discussion: "Common Causos of failure of Home Orchards," Profossor Price; "Common Diseases of Farm Animals," Dr. Mayor. Afternoon session?"Fertilizers," Pro? fessor Davidson: "Forago Crops and Silo," Professor Carrier; ''Improvement of Country Life." Dr. Fletcher. From 1 to G o'clock inspecting ex? periment station work. Evening session?"How to Grow Mixed Drosses," J. .V- Turner; "How to "(Continued on Third Pago.) INERAtS IN THE TIDEWATER LANDS Dr. Watson Discusses Mineral Resources of Tidewater Virginia. GREAT UNDEVELOPED WEALTH Interesting Story About Unde? veloped Wealth in So-Called Poor Part of Virginia. IIV PROF. WILLIAM M. I1UXLBV. | Tho VirgintA Geological Survey is constantly drawing attention to the mineral resources of the Slate by the! publication of bullentins and furnish? ing data to Inquirers. Tidewater Vir- j ginla Is the subject of the latest dls- j cusslon In this respect. In an inform-j ing article by Dr. Thomas L. Watson, i director of the survey, in a bulletin Just out and now ready for distrlbu- j tlon, the mineral possibilities of that] section of the. State itre brought out in a most interesting way. Through the work of tho survey, the State as a whole has become more widely known than ever before from! the point of view of mtniral wealth.; The State is divided Into three major j provinces. Ope Is the eastern plain ] region, called the coastal plain, or I Tidewater region. The .second, j the middle,' or plateau region, called the piedmont. The third Is the Western Valloy and mountain region, including in the tetm Appalachian pro vine;. These three great divisions of the State differ materially in the nature and origin of surface features, as well its In the age and kind of their rocks. Tho topography Is Intimately related ; to the geological structure, ami the lilt- i tor has an important bearing upon the j mineral resources of the State, Mineral lte?oiirce? Herr mal There, j Tile topography of the Appalachian \ provlncB is extremely varied and pic-j turesque. Three subdivisions of tin I province arc recognized which, named from oast to west, ari the Bjuo Kldge. the Great Valley of tho Shcn andoah and the Alleghany Ridg>;s. j The nine Ftidgc. which forms the oast-I cm boundary of the Appalachian pro- ! vines, main Kilns an uneven and knobby I crest entirely across the State in a ! northeast-southwest direction-, and has! an average elevation of hot less than! C.liOO feet above lid; level. This region I is composed largely of very ancient rocks, and Is the oldest mountain range (Continued on becond I'age. I REAL STATE-WIDE PROPOSITION Big Organization That Looks to Development of Idle Land in Virginia. IMMIGRATION OF RIGHT KIND j Figures Heretofore Used Again Brought to the Front to Point Moral. Norfolk. Va.. March 16.?W. p. Stoaklcy. of the new Virginia Farm Development Corporation, which has hut recently been chartered, explain? the alms and objects of the idg organisation. H is re?lly more cf a patriotic concern than a money.milking affair. If it carries out Its plans the stockholders ? ill eventually profit largely by their Investment, and 'n the meantime the whole state will profit, ahead of them. A State?Wltlr PriipiiMtioo. Mr. IStoakloy s?ys. - This corpora? tions is not gotten up in the Interest of ohc particular community within the .State, but purposely to act in a Stale wide capacity, trying to develop as best it ean systematically 10,000,000 acres of undeveloped farm lapdu in Virginia. When titd location of Virginia-.* 'arm lands so far as their nearness to market and quickness of t ranspi rta tlon is considered, the land values should be at least five times their j.res? ent average value. Then tite climatic condition of the State [a auch that In a large portion or" it two to three crops, in hay crops as many us five or six. caul be grown annually. It also will he noted that the crops which can be' grown so quickly are such crops AS pay I more lor the growing than the crops grown in the Middle West, where lands] sr< very much more valuable. figures RcvleTted. "Our agricultural resources are .-o tnpldly expanding that, it would ba hard to express, so that the reader would believe It, the rapidity with which our lands are increasing In value. Along the seaboard the land values have increased from 200 to 600 per cent, within the last ten years. The increase In farm land values In the United States, taken as a whole, with? in the last ton years has been US per cent., as fixed by the Census Bureau, whereas the Increase In farm land values In the South to the extont of 840,000,000 acres has been 230 per cent. "It has been shown by a compilation of figures made by the Manufacturers' Record that the Increase in bank depos? it.-, and resources within the Stute In the last ten years has been from $S7. OCp.000 in round numbers to J260.000, 000, or over 300 per cent., whereas the property values within the State have increased In the same time over J^is,-, 000,000. Governor Maun in a message written for the Manufacturers' Record on Thanksgiving, 1010, predicted that within five years the Increase In farm land values, which at present are ridiculously cheap in Virginia, would be from three to five times their pres? ent value. Thts could easily be .lone, and at the same, time thi purchaser be given good values for his money. To Rulid t'p Waste Process. "The- object of the corporation Is to purchase, subdivide and Improve real] estate within the State, encouraging i immigration, and to have a department which shall work in conjunction with, the Department of Agriculture of the State, so as to instruct the newcomer as to how easiest, cheapest and best to im? prove our soil, which Is so susceptible tu Improvement; where, when ond-whatl crop best to plant. Tiie undertaking as! a State-wide one Is contemplated, as! thereby desirable immigrants can be! encouraged and located in any section! cf the State preferred by them, where what l hey want to grow can be most' successfully grown and marketed. Tho agricultural resources of the State are stich that fruits, hay, grain, stock-1 raising or vegetables have their re.ipcc-1 (Ivb locations for Ideal production." NEW FRER1RT WAREHOUSES. .Southern Railway Kitendlng It? facilities In North ^orollaa Cities. Ra'.elsh. X. <-'.. March J6 ? Following the announcement recently mads by President Fln'.cy. of the Southern Railway Company, tn.-it modern frolpht terminals would be constructed in till? city and ajt Ooldahoro. it la now announced that ia<> Southern l? soliciting bide tor tho construction, of a brick frelclil warehouse and office otiildinK, rast Ioiib by Go feet aide, to be erected. |h Raleigh, and hat awarded the contract for the construction of a brisk freight Warehouse nnd office buddln? 2SI feet long by ?'>i) feet ?*!?> at Ooaisbor to J. I?, Petty inhn ti r:o.. of I.vnchburs. REAL ESTATE AND B?liOjNG NEWS Stormy Weather of Past Week Detrimental to Much Business, MANY SALES PUT OFF FOR AWHILE But Despite Bad Conditions Ne-arly a Million and a Half Dollars' Worth of Real Es? tate Changes Hands?Few Details, but All the Agents Are Active. Storm;.- weather, much rain, nil kinds of conditions that are naturally detri? mental if: the real rotate, bus'ness, and vet the hoys managed to keep busy in a way. I have heard of many sales that were put ou for a week or moro on account of weather conditions, and yet I have heard qu'te a number that were niade In BpUe of weather con dlt'otlS. As to the prospective sales and the many things that have been hung on the strins. there I? no end to them. But I am dealing .Suit now in cast-Iron facts. It is not necessary to go into de? tails or to tell ivh'ch of the agents turned the (ricks. It is enough to say that notwithstanding the bad weather, nearly n million and half dollars' worth of real estate changed hands last week. It If true that there was a great deal of trading and swapping aU#i all that kind of thing. For 11? ? stance, one firm. Rlchoson & Crulcii llcld made a double rectified triangular ?cnl which involved trades and swaps extending from West Cory street and drove Avenue to Church Mill and al? most to Fulton, and In the trades an I swaps almost $100.000 were Involved. Another transaction Of public In? tei'cst warf a sale, made by If. Seldon Taylor Co. of business property at Tenth .and cary Streets. According t?> the record. John P. Branch was tho biiytr. but it I? belie?ed that Mr. Branch was merely the agent tor n. syndicate, possibly a railway syndi? cate. Anyhow. It took $'.'0,000 cash to full off this deal. Tin- Richmond Structural Steel Comr puny bought some goo.l grounds ou the dock the past week. St. ("lair But? ler was the seller, and it is learned thai lie mit $211,000 for his holdings. It I- understood that the structural Steel Company will move ".heir plant to the newly acquired property and make great improvement-. By an unexpected rc;>i estate trans? action John <;. I layes becomes the own* , ; of the residence, No. 20111) .Monument Avenue, which was sold lo him yester day by r>r. Ii. C. Waiden for $20,000? Mr. Hayes will make the house his per? manent honie. Ruohrmupd Bowles have heo;i much In tlic limelight the past week. .They have made sales In South Rlch ! mond, in the Dest End and over on Church Mill that foot up a great deal of money, something IIge $40,000. Charles A. Rose Co. report some right) good sales, among them properties on Broad Street. Clay Streut, Stuart Ave? nue and elsewhere, amounting 'lo $.'>3i 600, Sutton & Co. "obi during the pasts week to II. W. Jackson the very hand, some West Franklin Street residence. No. 1014, for the price of V-t.?OO. The, samo firm also made aeveral smaller sales during the week. I INTEREST IN PROPOSED '? AUTOMOBILE niOHWAV [Special to The Times-Dispatch.] Ohariottesvlll*. Vs.. March lfi.-Thero 14 'much Interest here la tho proposed Quebec Miami automobil? highway. Robert If Wood, chairman of the county Board of Su? pervisors, has pleased hi* support to tins improvement of tho road from Charlottes villa to OordonsvlHe. \t the good roads meeting In Orange tnlS week the following vice-prcsldcavs w-re elected from the various magisterial dis? tricts Of Albemarle: Mb anna. Murray l?oo co.k Oharlottosvllle. P.. II. Wood; Char lottesvllln city. nr. ?;. B. Wooding: lyy, Dr. Ii i niptist Bco-ftavllle. Virgil P. Ran? dolph Samuel Miller, C, D. I.mchornc. and While Bnlh W. F. Carter. Jr. The A'.bemarlc Automobile Association, recentiv termed, Las decided to place mile? age and direction signs on the. roads from I Charlottesvlllo to Afton to OordonsvlHe, and Ion the Lynchb?rg road as far ns tbo county I line The points of danger to automobilst? Ion this* roils ?-? also u be marko! A committee from the club has also been ap pointed to seek the co-operation o? tho Hoard of Supervisors. In Improving county roadt. IXDGSTHIAI0 BRU31T.ETS. Many New Enterprises In Hie South?Uoiagt in Three IJve State?. i Chattanooga. March '.'.?That business conditions are growing belter is evidenced by the Industrial development, particularly i:i the South und Southwest. This condl > i:mi, In spite of tniFt investigations and i*.llilcs. is largely 'lue, according to the Tradesman, to the fact that business mon or.- themselves tolling a hand in these mat? ters, instead 6i pbrmttUn/: themselves, to t?,i governed by polltlslaps and politic. Among the n.-w Southern enterprises v? I ported lo the Tradesman ;lre tlie following: In Virginia?Alexandria, Sl<V>.i>? construc? tion company; Charlbttesvllle, s?C-? deyel opulent company: I'emiltigion Gap, ?10.C>j0 mine; Richmond Slo.OjO supply company; Uoanoke. $:;.000 point and paper Company; Siaiinl?n, ?5.<Xe acetylene ilgnt company. in West Virginia?Bluefleld, $SO,0M realty company; Charleston, (AW warehouse ct.rn panyi Clarksburg, $10,000 construction corn-' pany: Oraflon, tiS.OCO min.?: Huntington, 110,000 development company;, Moundsvlbe, fnanufaclurlng plant; Westoii, $3,000, hospital company. In N'orth Carolina?Charlotto, li).o>1 -is velopment company: East Hend, $3,234 li > phone company: Oreens'.ijro, ml;;;a~ '..,:a pany; NewMrn, box factory, Sunaury, I10.WO hauk: Raleigh, 5&00.000 warehouse company I seinia. (50,000 bank; Welcome. |S.toO tels phons company. Virginia Manganese. Lynehhurg. Vs. . March I*.? The Piedmont Manganese Corporation has bMn chartered bv R. R. Livingstone and' Charles T run nlng. of New Vor!;: M. it. Ire-land, of Lon? don, and others, to develop ln.tngane.ie prop? erty near this. city. It >* reported the com? pany ha> purchased Si", acres of land foS nearly JSotvWO. taken options on 1.103 ?cr*? adjoining, and ?Ii! buiil $:W,M0 plant lor' I minin?, grinding, otc.