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"Horrible Loss of Life" Is Admitted by White Star Co.
OID NOT BELIEVE | LINER WOULD SINK Steamship Experts Thought Ti? tanic Could Stay Afloat Several Days. EVERY DEVICE FOR SAFETY Described as Combination of Floating Hotel and Private Residence. (Special to Tho Times-Dispatch] New York. April 10.?When the. nrat a*wH or the accident to the Titanic wnc reported containing ihe statement, thoi tihe was sinking, men acquainted with the construction of modern steamships wore not greatly concerned, lor they reit quite saHailed that the srefct vessel would jivu up to her reputation of being practically un ?inkablo. Kven though *hc. bao to celvtu au irrecoverable blow, tiivy be? lieved sub would be likely to Moat us long aa shu would be required as a haven for passenger* unu crew, for such is the construction of the grout modern slups that they can uti cut ulnioMt in twain, or they can have one side almost loin away and they will atlll Hoat for some time. Olio who has looked Into modern methods for Kiilei;uaruuiK a Vcaael ot the Titanic typo can hardly Imagine an accident tnui could nave caused her to founder. No collision Mien us has been the t?te ot any ship |n re? cent years could have sent her down. Th'J reason lor all this 1? i *und Hi tlo modern arrangement of watertight' steel compartments, into which all snip:; now uro divided, and ot which the Ti? tanic had fifteen, au disposed that half -A them. Including the largest, co.iki bayb besn iloudcu without Impairing the safety of the vessel. Probably u was the working )l these bulkheads end the watertight doors between, they in... suppos id to work, that saved Titanic from luuudcrtng at once when she struck the iceberg. These bulkheads were of heavy sheei steel, and started at the very bottom of the ship and extended right hp the topside. The openings in the hulk head:; were Just about the size of the ordinary doorway, but the doors did net swing ?> In it house,' hut 11 tied into wat-night grooves above the opening. Jlrid by Friction Clinche?. In the Titanic, as In Other great modern ships, these doors were held in place above tho openings by friction clutches. On the bridge was a ?wllvil which connected with an electric mag? net at the side of thu bulkhead open? ing. The turning of this switch would cause the magnet to draw down a heavy Weight, which instantly would release the friction clutch, and the door would fill) or slide down ov ?;? tho opening In a second, if, however, througn acci? dent, tho bridge switch was rendered useless, the doors would close automat? ically in a few seconds. This was ar? ranged by means of larg; melai lloats at the aide of the ilounvajn, it was i-ald of the Titanic that her compartments could be Hooded as far back, or as far forward as the eng1 no room and sh* would float, though she might take on a heavy list, or tettle j considerably at ono end. To provide ? gainst lust such an accident a<j she is said to have eneountered she had act back a good distance from the bows an extra heavy cross partition, known as tho collision bulkhead, wh|ch owuld prevent water getting In amidships oven though a good part of her bow should be lorn away. What a ship can stand and still float was shown a few ycdrs ago when the Etievlc, of the White .Star Line, went j on the. .rocks on Ihn British Coast. The wreckers could not move Ihe for wat'd pa it of her. so they separated] her into two sections by the use. of j d>namltr, and after putting In a tem? porary bulkhead floated "if the Hfler half of tho ship, put it in dry-dock] and built a now forward part for her. ] Jloro recently the battleship Maine, or what wait left of her, was lloaled out to sea, kept on top of the water only by her water-tight compart? ments. Probably If the two ships last mentioned had been equipped witli modern bulkheads in the manner in which modern ships are built they ncver would have been sunk. Device? of Safety. Tn the building of the Titanic, many other devices were provided for tho safety of passengers and crew. There was. Tor instance, the -110111110 bottom. On tho outside of the ship was a layer of mild steel plating, one and one half inches thick, which, while no j match for icebergs, was calculated to ] withstand almost any other strain that could be put on it. Within this] shell wan another layer of plating not to thick, but of sufficient strength to withstand great stress, should Hit outer plating be torn away. Then there were submarine signals | to tell of nearby vessels or sli This signal arrangement included a| sm.-ill tank on either aide of the vrr-j ftp) just below the watcrllne. Within) each was a microphone with wires, leading to the. bridge. If the ve.sael J neared any other, or approached Effective Home Remedy for Tuberculosis Tt Is a serious matter when the luiips are affected. A trip away or .0 n sanatorium !? not only tremendously expensive, but It Involves separation from home unit friends. Borne are benefited, bin none can safely re T- turn. Kckmnn'n Alterallvo U effective?no W leaving home necessary. For example: 3.11 P. Atlantic Ave., llnddnnllelrt. W. J "Gentlemen: in tho fall of l?o:> I con? tracted a very severe cold, which pel tied on my lungs. At last I began to raise, sputum, and my physician then told me I must ko to California Immediately. At this time, I was advised to lake Rekinan's Al? tera. I stayed nl homo and commenced tnUliut It I lie last week in October. I be? gan to Improve, and tho first week in Jan usry, IMS, 1 resumed my regular occupation, having gained pounds, fully restored to ?health. It Is now live year* since my cure baa been effected, and f cannot praise Kek pian's Altera live loo highly. I have recom? mended It with excellent results." (Signed) AV. M. TATK.M. Frkman'a Alterative Is effective In nron ?hllis, Asthma, liny Fever. Throat and I.ung Troubles, a'nd In upbuilding the system. Does not contains poisons! opiates or hahlt forniing drugs. For lale by Owens ?? Minor Drug Co. nnd other leading druggists. Ask for booklet of cured cases and write to Kckman Laboratory, Philadelphia, Pa,, for additional evidence. shore tho sounds convoyed through j Ihc water from the distant object wore j iienrd through tlie receiver ot tho mic? rophone. These arrangements aro called the iihlp's cars, ami whether too Sounds ii)me from one side of the ves? sel or tho other, the officers could tell the location of the shore or snip near by. ir both ears record, the object Is ahead. steamship companies, roallrlojj lhut even despite their precautions, t:;cir ships may founder, have gone so far ns to provide against lou.-s of passeng? ers and crew even lu this event, ^.spe? cially interesting wero the Titanle's small boats and boat-davit:)! whlsli a?s well ?.< forming attractive decorations to the big vessel seem to nave proved j their .usefulness. Most of the boats were kept ordinarily on the boat deck, always ready for use. On the Titanic Ho r'o were about twenty boat* and rafts, the boat:; thirty tcet ong and eich capable of holding about sixty people. These boats are provided '.vim siitllclcnt fresh water and biscuits to last for several days. Some of tho worst calamities in past StCilMShlp accidents have Happened from the Inability of the crews to handle the boats nicely between the deck aid the water. On tho Titanic there was no chance to bungle matters, for the davits were worked electrically j and swung out In such a manner nil to diop the small bo.it char of the ship's side. With these now davit*' it la possible to embark the puasong ITS in tho small boats while the bould I arc still aboard the vessel. Hotel find Iteshli'iiee. I There are but Tew or the details that I went to make up the J10,000,000 cost of I the Titanic. Some, of the modern steamships have been described as floating hotels, but the owners of this vessel, the White Star Line. dcBcrlbo her as a combination of lloating hotel and private residences, for more than any othci 'vessel, even her sister ship, the Olympic, she was built to accom? modate any demand fur accommoda? tion that might be put on her. II was possible on the Titanic lo have an apartment as complete in detail as the Hdi-m city home, even to the matter of fireplaces. This was the Hist attempt of the Ti? tanic- lo cross the Atlantic, for she cum?, from the yards <. f norland & Wolff, Ltd hei builders, at Queen's Is? land, Belfast, only a month or so age. after having been launched on the last day of .Ma;.. It'll. In every thing but speed she represented the modern ideas In shipbuilding. In various ways she] was Just a little larger than her sister ship, the Olympic, the biggest ship /hat has entered this port; Her lengiu Is &S2 feel six Inches and width of ninety-two feet would Just nicely fill! the space between the nirba on Fifth| Avenue, and her depth was 104 feet. Inside of the great steel hull th?rei were eight steel decks, known as the' boat, promenade, bridge, shelter, scloon. upper, middle and lower. At the tnds there were others known as orlop:,, but not listed as real decks. Nobody has yet taken the trouble to ligure how many tons of slee| there w at In the vessel herself, but her owners have! put tin- stamp of the largest vessel I afloat on her hy thilr statement that' .-be was of 16,32? gross tons, or a few hundred more than the Olympic. As she rested in the water ?hc displaced Gp.OOQ tons of water. It wus only through her construction that ship? builders learned what this miant, for now they Hud that the displacing of such a volume of water by a moving ship causes a dangerous suction. It will bo recalled thai this suction was sufficient, when the Titanic was leav- j Ing l.iv-rpo 'l last week, to cause tho hawsers Oil the steamship New Yoi k | to snail as the big ship went by. and j tiie smaller one was drawn from her berth almost Into collision. j Planned ?a Occbii prrrj. Two main ideas vr'e'rt carried out in the Titanic One was comfort and thoj other stability. The vessel was planned j to be an ocean terry. She was to have only a speed of twenty-one kn >ts, far below that of some other vessels, but she was planned to make o,a: speed, blow high or blow low. so that if she left one fide of the ocvan at a given lime she .ould l,? rolled on to reach' the otner aide at almost a certain min? ute of a certain hour. So sh'a was equipped with a combined lype of Ne seng. generating 4*.000 horsepower, which "would drlvo her through any weather. Practically all of the space on the i Pictures Showing Luxuriously Appointed Interior of Titanic Heading and Writing Hoom, Veranda Cufe and Pnlm Court. Titanic- below the. upper dc"k was oc? cupied by atcam generating plant, cbal bunkers and propelling machinery. Fight of the fifteen watertight com? partments contained the mechanical part of the vessel Thor?; was. i'or in? stance, twenty-four double-end and live single-end boiler.', each sixteen feet nine Inches In diameter, tho larg? er twenty feet long and the smnllcr eleven feet nine Inches long. The larger boilers had six Urea under each of them and the small throe furnaces. Coal was stored In bunker space along the side of the ship between the low? er and middle decks, and was first shipped from there into ounkers run? ning all tho way across the vessel in the lowest pail. From there tne stok? ers handed it Into the furnaces. The engine room was divided Into two sections, one given to the recipro? cating engines, and the other to the tin bines. One of the most interesting features of the vessel was th^ refrigerating plant, which comprised a huge ice making and refrigerating machine and a number Of provision robins on tho after-part of the lower anrorlop deoqs. There were separate cold rooms for href, mutton, poultry, game. fish, vege? tables, fruit, butter, bacon, cheese and flowers, mineral water, wine, spirits and champagne all maintained at dif? ferent temperatures moat suitable to each. Perishable freight Ivad a com? partment of its own aUo chilled by tho riant. Lacked No Luxury. Tiie Titan'c was built to carrv 2,435 passengers ami a crew of S6?. Room for the tlrst-class 735 passengers was provided amidships and extended over five decks For passengers of this clsss a sdmptuousncss of furnishings ami furniture was provided wh'ch is not excelled in the finest hotels There was, for instance, two grand staircases, while for those who did not care to walk from one deck to another, three electric elevators saved the steps. To keep in physical trim while crossing the seas, one had bin o patronize the gymnasium, the squash < ? courts, the Turkish and electric baihs und the swimming bath. The dining room, reception room, rest, lounge,- reading and writing rooms, veranda, cafes, palm courts were the principal public rooms and In style and equipment were moru ela? borate than even the linest rooms ot some leading hotels. The ship went oven to the extent of navlng a dark room, where photographers might u? velop their Ulms, a circulating library and a special dining room tor maid bei vants and valets. Most of Hie prin? cipal tooins were elaborate reproduc? tions of well known rooms in Eng? lish custlos, where the art 01 furni? ture making and tapestry weaving is best represented. In some of the lirst-class cabins were shown the very last thing in the cabinet maker's art. Of coursv, when one figures Id pay j $4,-00 for a suite for six days there j must be something more than ordinary ! ubout. Ho the owners of the vessel j provided suites with a sitting' room, two bedrooms and n bath, with pri j vate promenades attached. I In the second-class cabins, which wore aft 'and spread over seven decks, ???rommodatinns were to be had which ten years ago would have seemed lux? urious. Even the third-class compart? ments wore better equipped than were first cabins that make this port. Not the least Interesting feature of the ship was her great kitchen on the saloon deck, 3?>?.> fee: long and the width of the vessel. There were iwo ranges on It. each ninety-six feet long and containing nineteen ovens, proba? bly the largest cook stoves In use. j The Titanic carried 10.000 pieces of silver and gold plate in her dinner scr ivlce. I Electricity on the vessel was gen? erated from four 400-kHowatt engines land dynamos in separate water-tight compartments, Their chief work was !to generate power for 10,00(1 incan- j 'descent lamps of from Ifi to 100-candle- j !power, and for the wireless, which I jwas the usual Marconi, one and a half I Where the Liner Titanic Struck Iceberg ? The Titanic foundered In latitude 41il?- north and longitude 50il4 treat. The croaa on the map ah<me the approximate position. j^jO KrMnurnDi Reception Room r5I5i ' ' Dlnlnn-Hoom on IJunrdl hnunprc, Hrit <-ln?s. kilowatt standard ships"!. There were two complete sets of apparatus, one for sending and the other for re? ceiving, housed on the boat deck. ICxuiiiIx Pliuruiac.nl Advocates. One of the largest rluss.?s In th* history of the State Board of Phar? macy will be examined to-day for license. Txt applicants will assemble at the. Jlfdlcal College of Virginia, and wlil us? n lecture room and the labora? tory. Several days will be consumed in 'grading the papers. OfhVors will h? elected for Ui0 year before th? I board adjourns. _ OF ALL ON BOARD 0NLY675 KNOWN T? HAVE ESCAPED DEATH IN OCEAN (Continued From Pirat Page.) Was not in a slnklng~condlt ion, and thai all her pasabngora had been safe? ly tttk< n off. The messages were most iy unoiUcihl and none came dryer.t from the liner, no that n lurking 'ear re? mained of possible bad news to come. Shortly after 7 o'clock last nlglit. there came Hashing over (ho wires from Cane Race, within -I0U miles of which the liner had struck the Ice? berg, word that, at 2:J0 o'clock Mon? thly morning, throe hours and ilfty-llve minutes after receiving lir-r death blow, the Titanic had sunk. Tho news came from I he steamer Cnrp.lt hin, relayed by the White Star Mner Olympic, and said that by the time tho Carpathla, outward hound from Now York and racing for tho Titanic on a wireless call, reached tho scene the doomed ves? sel had sunk. Hits of Wrrrkagr Left. Loft on the surface, howovor, were lifeboats from tin- Titanic, and in them, as appears from tho meagre ro-| porl.s received up to a lalo hour, were Homo 878 survivors of the disaster. These, according to tho advices, the Carpathla picked up. and Is now on her way with them for New York. For the rest the scene when the Carpathla came up was one of desolation. All that remained of the $10,000.000 floating palace, on which nearly J.400 passengers had been voyaging luxur? iously to this side of tho Atlantic, were some hits of wreckage. Tho biggest ship In the world had gono down, snuffing out in her downward plunge. It appeared, hundreds of hu? man lives. A slKnlllcnnt. lino in the Cape Knee dispatch was the announcement that of those saved by the Carpathla nearly all were women and children, should It prove no other voKsel picked UP uny | passengers of tho sinking liner, this might mean that few of the men on hoard had been saved, as the propor? tion of women and children among the passengers was largo. The sanio fncts tV0lll<l likewise spell tho doom of practically tho entlrn crew of 800. tho company In tho cabins were 230 women and children, bill It Is not. known' how many there were among tho 740 third class passengers. , ? In the first cabin lli'ero were 128 women and ilftech children, and in the second cabin seventy-nine women and eight children, Their Plfte in Doubt. Notable persons, travelers on the Ti? tanic, whoso fato-wa3 In doubt In the UNEXPECTED HELP RECEIVED AT LAST Results Accomplished in Case o? R. L. Waller Have Been Wonderful. Mr. R. L. Waller, a well-known printer, who resides at 11.1 South Bclvidcre St root, made the following- statement recently in connection with "Tona Vita," the ro inarkablc new tonic that is now being introduced in Richmond "I have been a sufferer from dyspepsia and extreme nervousness for the last ten years. There were times when I could cat nothing but liquid foods, soft boiled eggs, toast and the like, and even this would cause a bloating oi the stomach and mis? ery beyond endurance. I suffered front sour stomach, bad taste in the mouth, especially in the morning. There were times when I felt it was impossible to do my work, and, in fact, I was generally very badly run down. "I had tried all kinds of medicine, and had about lost hope when a friend sug? gested ' Tona Vita.' This new medicine scents to soothe my stomach and acts as a tonic for my system. It has built mc up in every way, and I feel better than I have for years. I can now eat anything and do a hard day's work without being tired out. I don't believe there is another medi? cine like it un earth." Such a statement as the foregoing should prove of unusual interest to those suffering with similar troubles. The spe? cialists who arc introducing "Tona Vita" state that members of any family in Richmond arc likely to be found suffering With the same nervous, debilitated con? dition of the body, as it is an all too com? mon complaint in the large towns, where nature':) laws arc more apt to be disre? garded. "All of this nervous, debilitated trou? ble," said one of the specialists, "is due principally to imperfect digestion, which is superinduce:! by the strain of modern city life. There is too much hastily eaten food. "Most people, however, are not seri? ously affected bv imperfect digestion," continued he. "They are just loggy and nervous and easily tired. They feel'worn out' after a little exertion and arc moody and depressed. These arc sure symptoms of an overworked stomach that needs toning and regulating. 'Tona Vita' will positively accomplish this, toning up and restoring the organs to their healthy, nor? mal condition. Dur preparation will prove satisfactory or wc will not take the money fur it." The "Tona Vita" specialists will be at the Polk Miller Drug Company, N'o. 834 t?ast Main Street, between the hours of 0 A. M. and 8 P. M. daily to meet the public and explain the nature of that modern plague, nervous debility, and dem .oust ra tc the value of their remarkable remedy. lack of definite ndvlces as to too Iden? tity of the survivors, were Mr. and Mrs. .lohn Jacob Astor, Major Arch bald Butt, aide to Prsaident Taft; Charles M. Hays. president o? tlt,o Grand Trunk Pacific, oi Canada: hla wlfo and daughter; W. T. Stead, Ben? jamin Guggenheim, F. D. Millet, tha artist, and J. G. Wldener, of Phlladel-, phln; Mr. and Mrs. Isador Straus, B. Thayor, vice-president of tho Pann-. sylvanla; .1. Brnco Isniny, Henry B. Harris, thri theatrical manager, and. Mrs. Harris, and Colonel ?Washington ftoebllng, builder of tho Brooklyn, bridge, A ray of hope appenred shortly be.^ fore 11 o'clock last night, in a nies-, sage, from the night operator at tha Marconi wireless station at Sable lsy land near the scene of tho disaster. Answering nn Inquiry regardlifg tha delivery of wireless messages to the passengers of tho Titanic, tho opera-, lor reported that It was difficult to de? liver them, as file "passengers are be* llcvcd to bo dispersed among several vessels." E<von this faint Indication that oth? er vessels than the Carpathla had pick" fd tip survivors of tho TP.anic was eagerly seized by the thousands of rel actlvcs and frioiids of those who had set sail on her first voyage to t'als country. Knur of Ita Members III. Tho Council Committee on Light failed of a, guoriim ,il3t lVKht on Pe" count, of tho Illness of four of Its members. Tito committee was called for to-night .it S o'clock, when 11 Iff hoped ttiat n majority can be obtained. Itcturna With Motley. Detective Sergeant Ryan raturne? to New York yesterday with N. J. Mot? ley alias Professor Scott!, who Is wanted In that city for tha murder of two Chinamen. Motley was caught here last Saturday, after eluding ar? rest for two years. BROADWAY ACTRESS CONQUERS WRINKLES Green Rooms nnd the Boudoirs or Fesblosw. able Society Women Hum With Ooisip About Amusing New Wrinkle Remover. Society women and anreisen nil over thai United State* are deeply interested la a marvelous now wrinkle, remover which his hut recently horn Introduced Into the United Stales by the Princess Yo? Tokio Company, of Penver, Colo. The new process of elimi? nating wrinkles, crow's feet, seamed sklna and blemishes of the complexion Is said to have created n vertlablo sensation. Woman who have experimented with the numerous nostrums on tho market and disliked tha process will be interested to know that the now treatment Is said to do away with cupping, plasters, greasy creams, stnamtns, subcutaneous Injection and all tho old ineth-. Ods which have beon used In Ihe past. One of tho bast known actresses In tha United States, who Is no longer In the first (tush of youth, Is said to have baen the member of the profession to Introduca thai new discovery to stagolnnd. She appeared one day on Broadway, goes the story, with a skin like a child's and all signs of the. ravages of time completely obliterated. She wns literally besieged by her friends and Anally told the se.-ret of having learned of the Princess Yoe Tokio. She Is said to bava written for particulars and her face tells of the success of the experiment. . Kvery New York train going West that day Is raid to have ha.il letters to rrlncess Yoe Tokio from theatrical penpl- nn It. Most of them. It Is said,' wroln under assumed names, but they all wrote, and It Is ?Jer.larrd tho Walto never looked more youthful than It dos? this .spring. The lead of the theatrical beauties was soon followed by Kauern jo cloty women, and tha success of the treat? ment Is now ihn most discussed thins; In fashlouahhi circles. . Much mystery attaches to tho personality of the Hnncees Yna Tokio and to the treat? ment Itself, but its results speak loud enough for any one who needs auch remedies, and so the Denver post-office In said to H? flooded with mall for' the mrsterlous Oriental.