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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, April 16, 1912, Image 7

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"Horrible Loss of Life" Is Admitted by White Star Co.
Steamship Experts Thought Ti?
tanic Could Stay Afloat
Several Days.
Described as Combination of
Floating Hotel and Private
(Special to Tho Times-Dispatch]
New York. April 10.?When the. nrat
a*wH or the accident to the Titanic
wnc reported containing ihe statement,
thoi tihe was sinking, men acquainted
with the construction of modern
steamships wore not greatly concerned,
lor they reit quite saHailed that the
srefct vessel would jivu up to her
reputation of being practically un
?inkablo. Kven though *hc. bao to
celvtu au irrecoverable blow, tiivy be?
lieved sub would be likely to Moat us
long aa shu would be required as a
haven for passenger* unu crew, for
such is the construction of the grout
modern slups that they can uti cut
ulnioMt in twain, or they can have
one side almost loin away and they
will atlll Hoat for some time.
Olio who has looked Into modern
methods for Kiilei;uaruuiK a Vcaael ot
the Titanic typo can hardly Imagine
an accident tnui could nave caused
her to founder. No collision Mien us
has been the t?te ot any ship |n re?
cent years could have sent her down.
Th'J reason lor all this 1? i *und Hi
tlo modern arrangement of watertight'
steel compartments, into which all snip:;
now uro divided, and ot which the Ti?
tanic had fifteen, au disposed that half
-A them. Including the largest, co.iki
bayb besn iloudcu without Impairing
the safety of the vessel. Probably u
was the working )l these bulkheads
end the watertight doors between,
they in... suppos id to work, that saved
Titanic from luuudcrtng at once
when she struck the iceberg.
These bulkheads were of heavy sheei
steel, and started at the very bottom
of the ship and extended right hp
the topside. The openings in the hulk
head:; were Just about the size of the
ordinary doorway, but the doors did
net swing ?> In it house,' hut 11 tied into
wat-night grooves above the opening.
Jlrid by Friction Clinche?.
In the Titanic, as In Other great
modern ships, these doors were held in
place above tho openings by friction
clutches. On the bridge was a ?wllvil
which connected with an electric mag?
net at the side of thu bulkhead open?
ing. The turning of this switch would
cause the magnet to draw down a heavy
Weight, which instantly would release
the friction clutch, and the door would
fill) or slide down ov ?;? tho opening In
a second, if, however, througn acci?
dent, tho bridge switch was rendered
useless, the doors would close automat?
ically in a few seconds. This was ar?
ranged by means of larg; melai lloats
at the aide of the ilounvajn,
it was i-ald of the Titanic that her
compartments could be Hooded as far
back, or as far forward as the eng1 no
room and sh* would float, though she
might take on a heavy list, or tettle j
considerably at ono end. To provide
? gainst lust such an accident a<j she
is said to have eneountered she had
act back a good distance from the
bows an extra heavy cross partition,
known as tho collision bulkhead,
wh|ch owuld prevent water getting In
amidships oven though a good part of
her bow should be lorn away.
What a ship can stand and still float
was shown a few ycdrs ago when the
Etievlc, of the White .Star Line, went j
on the. .rocks on Ihn British Coast.
The wreckers could not move Ihe for
wat'd pa it of her. so they separated]
her into two sections by the use. of j
d>namltr, and after putting In a tem?
porary bulkhead floated "if the Hfler
half of tho ship, put it in dry-dock]
and built a now forward part for her. ]
Jloro recently the battleship Maine,
or what wait left of her, was lloaled
out to sea, kept on top of the water
only by her water-tight compart?
ments. Probably If the two ships last
mentioned had been equipped witli
modern bulkheads in the manner in
which modern ships are built they
ncver would have been sunk.
Device? of Safety.
Tn the building of the Titanic, many
other devices were provided for tho
safety of passengers and crew. There
was. Tor instance, the -110111110 bottom.
On tho outside of the ship was a layer
of mild steel plating, one and one
half inches thick, which, while no j
match for icebergs, was calculated to ]
withstand almost any other strain
that could be put on it. Within this]
shell wan another layer of plating not
to thick, but of sufficient strength to
withstand great stress, should Hit
outer plating be torn away.
Then there were submarine signals |
to tell of nearby vessels or sli
This signal arrangement included a|
sm.-ill tank on either aide of the vrr-j
ftp) just below the watcrllne. Within)
each was a microphone with wires,
leading to the. bridge. If the ve.sael J
neared any other, or approached
Effective Home Remedy
for Tuberculosis
Tt Is a serious matter when the luiips are
affected. A trip away or .0 n sanatorium
!? not only tremendously expensive, but It
Involves separation from home unit friends.
Borne are benefited, bin none can safely re
T- turn. Kckmnn'n Alterallvo U effective?no
W leaving home necessary. For example:
3.11 P. Atlantic Ave., llnddnnllelrt. W. J
"Gentlemen: in tho fall of l?o:> I con?
tracted a very severe cold, which pel tied
on my lungs. At last I began to raise,
sputum, and my physician then told me I
must ko to California Immediately. At this
time, I was advised to lake Rekinan's Al?
tera. I stayed nl homo and commenced
tnUliut It I lie last week in October. I be?
gan to Improve, and tho first week in Jan
usry, IMS, 1 resumed my regular occupation,
having gained pounds, fully restored to
?health. It Is now live year* since my cure
baa been effected, and f cannot praise Kek
pian's Altera live loo highly. I have recom?
mended It with excellent results."
(Signed) AV. M. TATK.M.
Frkman'a Alterative Is effective In nron
?hllis, Asthma, liny Fever. Throat and I.ung
Troubles, a'nd In upbuilding the system.
Does not contains poisons! opiates or hahlt
forniing drugs. For lale by Owens ?? Minor
Drug Co. nnd other leading druggists. Ask
for booklet of cured cases and write to
Kckman Laboratory, Philadelphia, Pa,, for
additional evidence.
shore tho sounds convoyed through j
Ihc water from the distant object wore j
iienrd through tlie receiver ot tho mic?
rophone. These arrangements aro
called the iihlp's cars, ami whether too
Sounds ii)me from one side of the ves?
sel or tho other, the officers could tell
the location of the shore or snip near
by. ir both ears record, the object Is
steamship companies, roallrlojj lhut
even despite their precautions, t:;cir
ships may founder, have gone so far
ns to provide against lou.-s of passeng?
ers and crew even lu this event, ^.spe?
cially interesting wero the Titanle's
small boats and boat-davit:)! whlsli a?s
well ?.< forming attractive decorations
to the big vessel seem to nave proved
j their .usefulness. Most of the boats
were kept ordinarily on the boat deck,
always ready for use. On the Titanic
Ho r'o were about twenty boat* and
rafts, the boat:; thirty tcet ong and
eich capable of holding about sixty
people. These boats are provided '.vim
siitllclcnt fresh water and biscuits to
last for several days.
Some of tho worst calamities in past
StCilMShlp accidents have Happened
from the Inability of the crews to
handle the boats nicely between the
deck aid the water. On tho Titanic
there was no chance to bungle matters,
for the davits were worked electrically
j and swung out In such a manner nil
to diop the small bo.it char of the
ship's side. With these now davit*'
it la possible to embark the puasong
ITS in tho small boats while the bould
I arc still aboard the vessel.
Hotel find Iteshli'iiee.
I There are but Tew or the details that
I went to make up the J10,000,000 cost of
I the Titanic. Some, of the modern
steamships have been described as
floating hotels, but the owners of this
vessel, the White Star Line. dcBcrlbo
her as a combination of lloating hotel
and private residences, for more than
any othci 'vessel, even her sister ship,
the Olympic, she was built to accom?
modate any demand fur accommoda?
tion that might be put on her. II was
possible on the Titanic lo have an
apartment as complete in detail as the
Hdi-m city home, even to the matter
of fireplaces.
This was the Hist attempt of the Ti?
tanic- lo cross the Atlantic, for she
cum?, from the yards <. f norland &
Wolff, Ltd hei builders, at Queen's Is?
land, Belfast, only a month or so age.
after having been launched on the last
day of .Ma;.. It'll. In every thing but
speed she represented the modern ideas
In shipbuilding. In various ways she]
was Just a little larger than her sister
ship, the Olympic, the biggest ship
/hat has entered this port; Her lengiu
Is &S2 feel six Inches and width of
ninety-two feet would Just nicely fill!
the space between the nirba on Fifth|
Avenue, and her depth was 104 feet.
Inside of the great steel hull th?rei
were eight steel decks, known as the'
boat, promenade, bridge, shelter, scloon.
upper, middle and lower. At the tnds
there were others known as orlop:,,
but not listed as real decks. Nobody
has yet taken the trouble to ligure
how many tons of slee| there w at In
the vessel herself, but her owners have!
put tin- stamp of the largest vessel I
afloat on her hy thilr statement that'
.-be was of 16,32? gross tons, or a few
hundred more than the Olympic. As
she rested in the water ?hc displaced
Gp.OOQ tons of water. It wus only
through her construction that ship?
builders learned what this miant, for
now they Hud that the displacing of
such a volume of water by a moving
ship causes a dangerous suction. It
will bo recalled thai this suction was
sufficient, when the Titanic was leav- j
Ing l.iv-rpo 'l last week, to cause tho
hawsers Oil the steamship New Yoi k |
to snail as the big ship went by. and j
tiie smaller one was drawn from her
berth almost Into collision. j
Planned ?a Occbii prrrj.
Two main ideas vr'e'rt carried out in
the Titanic One was comfort and thoj
other stability. The vessel was planned j
to be an ocean terry. She was to have
only a speed of twenty-one kn >ts, far
below that of some other vessels, but
she was planned to make o,a: speed,
blow high or blow low. so that if she
left one fide of the ocvan at a given
lime she .ould l,? rolled on to reach'
the otner aide at almost a certain min?
ute of a certain hour. So sh'a was
equipped with a combined lype of Ne
seng. generating 4*.000 horsepower,
which "would drlvo her through any
Practically all of the space on the i
Pictures Showing Luxuriously Appointed Interior of Titanic
Heading and Writing Hoom,
Veranda Cufe and Pnlm Court.
Titanic- below the. upper dc"k was oc?
cupied by atcam generating plant,
cbal bunkers and propelling machinery.
Fight of the fifteen watertight com?
partments contained the mechanical
part of the vessel Thor?; was. i'or in?
stance, twenty-four double-end and
live single-end boiler.', each sixteen
feet nine Inches In diameter, tho larg?
er twenty feet long and the smnllcr
eleven feet nine Inches long. The
larger boilers had six Urea under each
of them and the small throe furnaces.
Coal was stored In bunker space along
the side of the ship between the low?
er and middle decks, and was first
shipped from there into ounkers run?
ning all tho way across the vessel in
the lowest pail. From there tne stok?
ers handed it Into the furnaces.
The engine room was divided Into
two sections, one given to the recipro?
cating engines, and the other to the
tin bines.
One of the most interesting features
of the vessel was th^ refrigerating
plant, which comprised a huge ice
making and refrigerating machine and
a number Of provision robins on tho
after-part of the lower anrorlop deoqs.
There were separate cold rooms for
href, mutton, poultry, game. fish, vege?
tables, fruit, butter, bacon, cheese and
flowers, mineral water, wine, spirits
and champagne all maintained at dif?
ferent temperatures moat suitable to
each. Perishable freight Ivad a com?
partment of its own aUo chilled by tho
Lacked No Luxury.
Tiie Titan'c was built to carrv 2,435
passengers ami a crew of S6?. Room
for the tlrst-class 735 passengers was
provided amidships and extended over
five decks For passengers of this
clsss a sdmptuousncss of furnishings
ami furniture was provided wh'ch is
not excelled in the finest hotels
There was, for instance, two grand
staircases, while for those who did
not care to walk from one deck to
another, three electric elevators saved
the steps. To keep in physical trim
while crossing the seas, one had bin
o patronize the gymnasium, the squash
? courts, the Turkish and electric baihs
und the swimming bath.
The dining room, reception room,
rest, lounge,- reading and writing
rooms, veranda, cafes, palm courts
were the principal public rooms and In
style and equipment were moru ela?
borate than even the linest rooms ot
some leading hotels. The ship went
oven to the extent of navlng a dark
room, where photographers might u?
velop their Ulms, a circulating library
and a special dining room tor maid
bei vants and valets. Most of Hie prin?
cipal tooins were elaborate reproduc?
tions of well known rooms in Eng?
lish custlos, where the art 01 furni?
ture making and tapestry weaving is
best represented. In some of the
lirst-class cabins were shown the very
last thing in the cabinet maker's art.
Of coursv, when one figures Id pay
j $4,-00 for a suite for six days there
j must be something more than ordinary
! ubout. Ho the owners of the vessel
j provided suites with a sitting' room,
two bedrooms and n bath, with pri
j vate promenades attached.
I In the second-class cabins, which
wore aft 'and spread over seven decks,
???rommodatinns were to be had which
ten years ago would have seemed lux?
urious. Even the third-class compart?
ments wore better equipped than were
first cabins that make this port. Not
the least Interesting feature of the
ship was her great kitchen on the
saloon deck, 3?>?.> fee: long and the
width of the vessel. There were iwo
ranges on It. each ninety-six feet long
and containing nineteen ovens, proba?
bly the largest cook stoves In use. j
The Titanic carried 10.000 pieces of
silver and gold plate in her dinner scr
I Electricity on the vessel was gen?
erated from four 400-kHowatt engines
land dynamos in separate water-tight
compartments, Their chief work was
!to generate power for 10,00(1 incan- j
'descent lamps of from Ifi to 100-candle- j
!power, and for the wireless, which I
jwas the usual Marconi, one and a half I
Where the Liner Titanic Struck Iceberg
? The Titanic foundered In latitude 41il?- north and longitude 50il4 treat. The croaa on the map ah<me the approximate position. j^jO
KrMnurnDi Reception Room r5I5i ' '
Dlnlnn-Hoom on IJunrdl
hnunprc, Hrit <-ln?s.
kilowatt standard ships"!. There were
two complete sets of apparatus, one
for sending and the other for re?
ceiving, housed on the boat deck.
ICxuiiiIx Pliuruiac.nl Advocates.
One of the largest rluss.?s In th*
history of the State Board of Phar?
macy will be examined to-day for
license. Txt applicants will assemble
at the. Jlfdlcal College of Virginia, and
wlil us? n lecture room and the labora?
tory. Several days will be consumed
in 'grading the papers. OfhVors will
h? elected for Ui0 year before th?
I board adjourns. _
(Continued From Pirat Page.)
Was not in a slnklng~condlt ion, and
thai all her pasabngora had been safe?
ly tttk< n off. The messages were most
iy unoiUcihl and none came dryer.t from
the liner, no that n lurking 'ear re?
mained of possible bad news to come.
Shortly after 7 o'clock last nlglit.
there came Hashing over (ho wires
from Cane Race, within -I0U miles of
which the liner had struck the Ice?
berg, word that, at 2:J0 o'clock Mon?
thly morning, throe hours and ilfty-llve
minutes after receiving lir-r death blow,
the Titanic had sunk. Tho news came
from I he steamer Cnrp.lt hin, relayed
by the White Star Mner Olympic, and
said that by the time tho Carpathla,
outward hound from Now York and
racing for tho Titanic on a wireless
call, reached tho scene the doomed ves?
sel had sunk.
Hits of Wrrrkagr Left.
Loft on the surface, howovor, were
lifeboats from tin- Titanic, and in
them, as appears from tho meagre ro-|
porl.s received up to a lalo hour, were
Homo 878 survivors of the disaster.
These, according to tho advices, the
Carpathla picked up. and Is now on her
way with them for New York. For the
rest the scene when the Carpathla came
up was one of desolation.
All that remained of the $10,000.000
floating palace, on which nearly J.400
passengers had been voyaging luxur?
iously to this side of tho Atlantic,
were some hits of wreckage. Tho
biggest ship In the world had gono
down, snuffing out in her downward
plunge. It appeared, hundreds of hu?
man lives.
A slKnlllcnnt. lino in the Cape Knee
dispatch was the announcement that
of those saved by the Carpathla nearly
all were women and children, should
It prove no other voKsel picked UP uny |
passengers of tho sinking liner, this
might mean that few of the men on
hoard had been saved, as the propor?
tion of women and children among
the passengers was largo. The sanio
fncts tV0lll<l likewise spell tho doom
of practically tho entlrn crew of 800.
tho company
In tho cabins were 230 women and
children, bill It Is not. known' how
many there were among tho 740 third
class passengers. , ?
In the first cabin lli'ero were 128
women and ilftech children, and in
the second cabin seventy-nine women
and eight children,
Their Plfte in Doubt.
Notable persons, travelers on the Ti?
tanic, whoso fato-wa3 In doubt In the
Results Accomplished in Case o?
R. L. Waller Have Been
Mr. R. L. Waller, a well-known printer,
who resides at 11.1 South Bclvidcre St root,
made the following- statement recently in
connection with "Tona Vita," the ro
inarkablc new tonic that is now being
introduced in Richmond
"I have been a sufferer from dyspepsia
and extreme nervousness for the last ten
years. There were times when I could cat
nothing but liquid foods, soft boiled eggs,
toast and the like, and even this would
cause a bloating oi the stomach and mis?
ery beyond endurance. I suffered front
sour stomach, bad taste in the mouth,
especially in the morning. There were
times when I felt it was impossible to do
my work, and, in fact, I was generally
very badly run down.
"I had tried all kinds of medicine, and
had about lost hope when a friend sug?
gested ' Tona Vita.' This new medicine
scents to soothe my stomach and acts as a
tonic for my system. It has built mc up
in every way, and I feel better than I have
for years. I can now eat anything and
do a hard day's work without being tired
out. I don't believe there is another medi?
cine like it un earth."
Such a statement as the foregoing
should prove of unusual interest to those
suffering with similar troubles. The spe?
cialists who arc introducing "Tona Vita"
state that members of any family in
Richmond arc likely to be found suffering
With the same nervous, debilitated con?
dition of the body, as it is an all too com?
mon complaint in the large towns, where
nature':) laws arc more apt to be disre?
"All of this nervous, debilitated trou?
ble," said one of the specialists, "is due
principally to imperfect digestion, which
is superinduce:! by the strain of modern
city life. There is too much hastily eaten
"Most people, however, are not seri?
ously affected bv imperfect digestion,"
continued he. "They are just loggy and
nervous and easily tired. They feel'worn
out' after a little exertion and arc moody
and depressed. These arc sure symptoms
of an overworked stomach that needs
toning and regulating. 'Tona Vita' will
positively accomplish this, toning up and
restoring the organs to their healthy, nor?
mal condition. Dur preparation will prove
satisfactory or wc will not take the money
fur it."
The "Tona Vita" specialists will be at
the Polk Miller Drug Company, N'o. 834
t?ast Main Street, between the hours of
0 A. M. and 8 P. M. daily to meet the
public and explain the nature of that
modern plague, nervous debility, and dem
.oust ra tc the value of their remarkable
lack of definite ndvlces as to too Iden?
tity of the survivors, were Mr. and
Mrs. .lohn Jacob Astor, Major Arch
bald Butt, aide to Prsaident Taft;
Charles M. Hays. president o? tlt,o
Grand Trunk Pacific, oi Canada: hla
wlfo and daughter; W. T. Stead, Ben?
jamin Guggenheim, F. D. Millet, tha
artist, and J. G. Wldener, of Phlladel-,
phln; Mr. and Mrs. Isador Straus,
B. Thayor, vice-president of tho Pann-.
sylvanla; .1. Brnco Isniny, Henry B.
Harris, thri theatrical manager, and.
Mrs. Harris, and Colonel ?Washington
ftoebllng, builder of tho Brooklyn,
A ray of hope appenred shortly be.^
fore 11 o'clock last night, in a nies-,
sage, from the night operator at tha
Marconi wireless station at Sable lsy
land near the scene of tho disaster.
Answering nn Inquiry regardlifg tha
delivery of wireless messages to the
passengers of tho Titanic, tho opera-,
lor reported that It was difficult to de?
liver them, as file "passengers are be*
llcvcd to bo dispersed among several
E<von this faint Indication that oth?
er vessels than the Carpathla had pick"
fd tip survivors of tho TP.anic was
eagerly seized by the thousands of rel
actlvcs and frioiids of those who had
set sail on her first voyage to t'als
Knur of Ita Members III.
Tho Council Committee on Light
failed of a, guoriim ,il3t lVKht on Pe"
count, of tho Illness of four of Its
members. Tito committee was called
for to-night .it S o'clock, when 11 Iff
hoped ttiat n majority can be obtained.
Itcturna With Motley.
Detective Sergeant Ryan raturne? to
New York yesterday with N. J. Mot?
ley alias Professor Scott!, who Is
wanted In that city for tha murder of
two Chinamen. Motley was caught
here last Saturday, after eluding ar?
rest for two years.
Green Rooms nnd the Boudoirs or Fesblosw.
able Society Women Hum With
Ooisip About Amusing New
Wrinkle Remover.
Society women and anreisen nil over thai
United State* are deeply interested la a
marvelous now wrinkle, remover which his
hut recently horn Introduced Into the United
Stales by the Princess Yo? Tokio Company,
of Penver, Colo. The new process of elimi?
nating wrinkles, crow's feet, seamed sklna
and blemishes of the complexion Is said to
have created n vertlablo sensation. Woman
who have experimented with the numerous
nostrums on tho market and disliked tha
process will be interested to know that
the now treatment Is said to do away with
cupping, plasters, greasy creams, stnamtns,
subcutaneous Injection and all tho old ineth-.
Ods which have beon used In Ihe past.
One of tho bast known actresses In tha
United States, who Is no longer In the first
(tush of youth, Is said to have baen the
member of the profession to Introduca thai
new discovery to stagolnnd. She appeared
one day on Broadway, goes the story, with
a skin like a child's and all signs of the.
ravages of time completely obliterated. She
wns literally besieged by her friends and
Anally told the se.-ret of having learned of
the Princess Yoe Tokio. She Is said to bava
written for particulars and her face tells
of the success of the experiment. . Kvery
New York train going West that day Is raid
to have ha.il letters to rrlncess Yoe Tokio
from theatrical penpl- nn It. Most of them.
It Is said,' wroln under assumed names, but
they all wrote, and It Is ?Jer.larrd tho Walto
never looked more youthful than It dos?
this .spring. The lead of the theatrical
beauties was soon followed by Kauern jo
cloty women, and tha success of the treat?
ment Is now ihn most discussed thins; In
fashlouahhi circles. .
Much mystery attaches to tho personality
of the Hnncees Yna Tokio and to the treat?
ment Itself, but its results speak loud enough
for any one who needs auch remedies, and
so the Denver post-office In said to H?
flooded with mall for' the mrsterlous

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