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^^1^^^^^^_WHOLE NUMBER 18,961._ RICHMOND, VA., SATLH^^^ 20, 1912. " thk weatnek to-^v-fa,?. PRICE TWO CENTS.
J. Bruce Ismay Tells in Whispers How lie Escaped Death
By Leaving. SinKing Titanic in Lifebeat With Women
QUIETLY MEN WAIT
FOR CERTAIN DEATH
AS SHIP GOES DOWN
No La mentations From Heroes of the Sea as
They Watch Last Lifeboat Leaving Vessel
Bearing Those for Whom They
SECOND OFFICER OF TITANIC *
TELLS STORY OF LAST MOMENTS
His Dramatic Narrative Is Given Quietly and Calmly,
but to Hearers It Is Dramatic Tale of Heroism.
Men "Stood Quietly as if They Were in Church"
When They Knew That Few Moments Would
Bring Death, and That They Had Parted Forever
With Loved Ones They Had Helped in Lifeboats.
New York, April 19.?From a man of the sea. Charles W.
Lightoller, second officer of the Titanic and senior surviving officer
of the ship, there tame to-day a narrative of what preceded the
sinking of the Titanic, what happened while women were taken
away in boats as brave men stood by. and what happened when
the Titanic took her last dip. It was a story of heroism, told quietly
and calmly. So dramatic was the story which was told at. the in?
vestigation by the subcommittee of the United States Senate Com?
mittee on Commerce that word spread through the Waldorf-As?
toria, and persons crowded the committee room, while those who
heard the beginning of the story and had business elsewhere waited
to hear the iast sentence from Lightoller.
The second officer was on the Titanic, when she made her turn?
ing tests and her trial trip. The turning tests, he said, lasted about
five hours, and the trial trip about four hours. These tests were
made in smooth water, and in fact the Titanic had not experience",
any rough weather or seas in her brief career up to the time she hit
Stuck to Ship to the Last.
Lightoller actually stuck to the ship after having sent oft boat?
loads of women until the water came up to his ankle-. There had
been no lamentations, no demonstrations either from the men "pas?
sengers as. they saw the last lifeboat leave the ship, and there was
no waiting or crying, no outburst -from the men who lined the ship's
sides as she disappeared from the view of Lightoller. As he ex?
pressed it, the men, as. they helped get women in the boats. "Stood
quietly as if they were in church." Only one man outside of sea?
men, about two to each boat, of the seven sent off by Lightoller was
taken from the ship in his presence. That man, Colonel Peuchen,
of Montreal, a brave man, Lightoller said, had been put in a' boat
by him because there wasn't a seaman handy.
As the ship set tied,.swiftly, although after the collision Ligh?
toller did not believe that me was any danger the second officer
went the officers' quarters. 1
"The ship took .1 dive,'' he said without emotion. "I looked for?
ward. I took a dive." He was sucked to the side of the ship against
the grating over the blower for the exhaust. There was an explo?
sion ; at least he believes it was an explosion, though he is not cer?
tain. He was llirown to the surface 01 the water again, only to bei
sucked back by the water rushing into the ship. This time he land?
ed at the grating over Hie pipes which furnish a draught for the'
There was another explosion, and again he came to the surface
not many feet away from the ship, he said, and on the other side
of it. the ship having turned while he was under water.
Only once did Lightoller raise his voice perceptibly, and that
was when he denied that there was any favoritism for the crew that
mitigated against the chances of the escape of the passengers.
Asked if he had been ordered by Captain Smith to send the women,
and if he had done so, he'said: "It is a rule o fhtiman nature."
Did Not Know Speed.
Lightoller said that he did not know what the maximum speed
of the Titanic was. He had heard talking with officers and others
that her speed was between iwenty-onc and a half and twenty
three knots, but he did not know that the Titanic had been put to
her maximum speed. The builders, he said, had expected to get
twenty-one knots out of her. As to the life-saving apparatus on
board. Lightoller said that the. Titanic was "perfectly complete."
She had fourteen lifeboats, two emergency boats, which were
really lifeboats of a.lighter type, and four collapsible canvas boats.
(Continued on Sixth Pago.)
VBRUCH ISM AY?.
THEM TO DEPART
Titanic Officers and Men Not
Allowed Out of This Coun?
New York. April 19.?The serious- ,
mesa of the inquiry by the Senate in- j
vcstlgating committee into the Titanic
disaster was disclosed to-night, when
Senator Smith, ot Michigan, the chair?
man, at llrst flatly relused to let any
of the officers or the liDO-odd members
of the crew of the sunken steamship
get beyond the jurisdiction ot" the
United .States government. The men
were nil to have sailed to-morrow on
the steamer Lapland, Later, u was
settled that, the greater part of tho
crew would be permitted to sail on I
this steamer, but that the twelve men]
and four officers among tho survivors i
now under subpoena, together with Mr. J
Ismay, would not be allowed to depart.
The first day's testimony brought to j
the front the apparent conclusion that
the biggest ship which was ever built,
"a lifeboat in itself," according to tho j
views of modern shipbuilders, sank in j
mldoccan with more than 1,500 human
beings because she was being rushed I
across the ocean almost at lop speed
and crashed into a Hold of icebergs i
after warnings had been given to look 1
Why Many Here Lost.
That so few were saved from
watery graves was because there were,
not enough lifeboats on board to ac?
commodate tho (passengers. There
were only twenty lifeboats, because
the Titanic was nollved to ha unslnk
This state of affairs appeared after
the committee hud examined .T. nrucu
Ismay, managing director of tho
White Star Lino, Arthur llonry Ros
(Contlnuctl on Tenth Page.)
Captain Rostron, of the Carpathia'
Tells of Saving Titanic
Xmv York, April 19.?Captain Rost?
ron, of the Carpat'hla, which rescued
the survivors of the Titanic. In his
testimony before the United States
Senate investigating committee, to?
day pave the following account of his
response to the S, Q. S. appeal for
"We left New York April 11," said
Captain Rostron, "and up to Sunday
midnight had tine, clear weather. At
12:fl5 o'clock -Monday morning 1 was
informed by our wireless operator of
mesvago that had come from the Ti?
tanic. The operator "told the tlrst
junior olllccr, and he and the operator
put their heads in my doorway and
told me. I hnd Just turned In. The
massage that had come fro mthe Ti?
tanic, gave her position as latitude
?II degrees ifi minutes north, longi?
tude 50 degrees 14 minutes -west. I
cannot give at the moment our exact
locution. Tho New York time of the
receipt of .fhi distress .signal was ex?
actly lO.iS P. M. Sunday.
IThls accounts for t'.te apparent dis?
crepancy between tho times reported
by wireless for the. sinking of the Ti?
tanic and that reported hy the pas
?T Immediately gave orders to turn
the ship. I asked our operator'twice
if he was absoTutely certain as to the
origin of the distress messnge, and
upon receiving assurance, picked up
a point on our course, and set n course.
' (Continued on Teu?l Fog'&T
J. Bruce Ismay Tells His Story
to Senate Investigating
New York, April ID.?When asked
at the meeting of the committee of
Senators Investigating the Titanic dls
astor to-day, the circumstances un
d< r which he left the hout. J. Bruce Is?
may, managing director of the White
Star Line, replied almost In a whisper:
"One of the boats was belne tilled.
Officers called out to Know If there
wore any more women to go. There
Wi re none. No passengers were on
i he dock. As the boat was being low?
ered I -pot into It."
Adjusting his cuffs. Mr. Itmiay was
visibly nervous when he took the
stand, lie gave his age as llfty years.
In response to a few formal ques?
tions, lie said he sailed as a voluntary
passenger on the Titanic.
Senator smith began to ask the
witness to detail Iiis experience on
the p'ilanlc. Mr Ismhy interrupted,
hut Senator Smith continued. Then
Mr. Ismay said lie desired to express
his sincere grief at the catastrophe,
and to welcome tho fullest inquiry.
'?Kindly tell the committee all the
circumstances surrounding your voy
agc," usked Senator Smith. "Tell It
us succinctly as possible, beginning
with your boarding the vessel at
Liverpool, your place oh the ship, and
as many circumstances as possible, to
help this committee."
Court's Full Inquiry.
"First. I wish to say that i court
tho fullest Inquiry," said Mr. Ismay.
"This awful catastrophe, I must say.
at the outset. I greatly deplore.; We
have nothing to conceal, nothing to
'?The boat left Belfast. I think, on
(Continued on Second Page!)
DRAGGED FROM HIS
LIPS THAT VESSEL
WAS BEING SPEEDED
White Star Liner Was Making 26}4 Miles an
Hour When She Struck Iceberg Which
Sent Her and More Than 1,500
Human Lives to Destruction.
HE APPEARS AS A WITNESS
BEFORE COMMITTEE OF SENATE
Nervously, Managing Director of Company Gives His
Version of Marine Horror, Saying That He Did
Not Take to Boat Until Told There Were
No More Women on Deck?Captain of Carpathia
Is in Tears as He Relates How His Vessel Rescued
Part of Titanic's Passengers.
New York, April 19.?The living cared for, the dead beyond
recall, survivors of the Titanic disaster were able for the first time
to-day to sec in calmer retrospect Monday's tragedy of the North
Atlantic, and from their more normal utterances there is slowly un?
folding the full story of how the great White Star liner, her band
playing to the last, sank off the Grand Banks with more than 1,500
From the Countess of Rothes, now quartered luxuriously in a
New York hotel, to the six Chinese coolies who escaped by hiding
under the lifeboat seats, all have been provided with food and
clothing, and others, some immigrants and millionaires, are on their
way home?to England, the continent or distant parts of the United
States. Many, however?and of these the hospitals shelter scores
?still remain in New York, where the Cunard liner Carpathia
brought them last night.
Little Change in Death List.
Even after all that has been told of the disaster, the death list
remains approximately the same. Last night s total estimate was
1,595; to-day the White Star Line issued a statement placing the
total at 1.635. Exactly how many died will never be known. It
has been established officially, however, that the Titanic, was trav?
eling twenty-one knots an hour when she struck the iceberg. Not?
withstanding this, however, none of the survivors, from steerage to
saloon, has yet condemned Captain Smith, who went down with'
The Titanic's rate of speed, which was approximately twenty-*
six and a half land miles, was brought out to-day from the lips o?
J. Bruec Ismay, president of the International Mercantile Marine
and managing director of the White Star Line, who appeared as a
witness before the United States Senate committee which is in-,
vestigating the disaster. Nervous, but not in tears, as was Cap?
tain Rostron. of the Carpathia, who followed hint on the stand, Mr,
Ismav told in whispers of his escape form the sinking liner, from
the time he pushed away in a boat with the women until he found
himself, clad in his pajamas, aboard the Carpathia. Re was not
sure in just what boat he left the Titanic, nor was he sure how long
he remained on the liner after she struck. He added, however, that
I before he entered a lifeboat he had been told that there were no more
Women on the deck; and he denied that there had been any censor?
ing of messages form the Carpathia. Other witnesses, including
Captain Rostron, bore him out in this, with the explanation that the
lone wireless operator on the rescue ship, swamped with personal
messages, was unable to send matter for the press. Interest second
only to the tales of the survivors centre.! upon Mr. Isrnay's recital.
In Washington Senator Rayner, of Maryland, bitterly arraigned
htm liefere the Senate, and expressed the hope that this country
might rely upon British justice "to bring to bay the guilty direc?
torate of this company."
No Blame Attaches to Captain Smith.
From Washington also came the opinion of expert naval hydfo
graphrs that no blame should attach to Captain Smith, because,
as they contend, analysis of ocean charts has shown that the skip?
per, warned of the presence of icebergs had steered the.Titanic fully
sixty miles southward from the regular course. In spite of this -
caution the mass of ice was struck, and as a preventive, of similar
disasters the hydrogr'aphic. office in New York issued to-night an
order shifting the lanes of transatlantic, liners 180 miles southward
from the path which the Titanic followed.
After giving his testimony before the Senate committee, Cap?
tain Rostorn, of the Carpathia, took charge of his ship, which de
parted laic to-day tor the Mediterranean. .The vcsesl had been hur-r
(Continned on Sixth Paa-o.)