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Special Titanic Section Special Titanic Section TUB DISPATCH FOUNDED 1810. THETIMKS FOUNDED IIS?. RICHMOND, VA.. B?NPAY, APmi. 2S, 1912. PRICE FIVE CENTS. UEEN OF THE SEA'S AWFUL FATE ON HER FIRST TRIP OUT A Graphic, Continuous Tale of the First and Only Voyage of the Biggest Ship in the World That Ended j So Disastrously Off the Great Newfoundland Banks. ^<^P1^0 The Captain and Officers of the Titanic.?From Left to Right, Dr. \V. F. N. O'Laughlin, H. T. Wilde, Chief Officer; Chief Engineer Fleming; Purser McElray.?Seated, Capt. E. J. Smith. 1 Now thai tho first shock of th< tanlc disaster, with tho ttuoce.sMnn of wild rumors which It brought. Ur.s given piac? to something liko certain l-nowlrdgo of what i>o urred on th" R -ible night that the giant liner ptuwad to the bottom of the ?ea. tho follow ip complete natrativn of th? wreck /Ith th.- that | re. ???d-.d and followed it. rendered most time? ly. With t'8 swift alternatb n? i f scene? of horror .mil heroism, of Krim ?trusglea for life and awful suffer? ings, it !" prob.i'uly n.ort dran.atlc. true story of the sea ever written It I.? i.rlnted at the rto.ue?t of many readers. Tim slant Titanic of th" White Star Line, the bigger ship afloat when she sailed from Bouthamp ton; England, on April 1". on her maiden voyage t<> the Port of N< w York, lies to-day a broken wreck. U.T'I'? fathoms b< m ath the ocean's surface, some b<x> tniU-a from shore off the great Newfoundland Hunks. The ship that was unsinkaMe, In the minds of her makers and the men that ran her. has been sunk. The Queen of the Hens Is less to-day than one of her lifeboats which bobs up and down on the broken surface of the Hudson Itivt-r. safe be- | twecn the pters of the White Star Line. And in her sinking the Titanic ox acted greater toll than humanity ever before hud been made to pay for Us ef? forts to conquer tho sea. Of the 2,310 persons composing passengers and crow | of ihe big liner, only Y05 ever reache i this port. More than two-thirds of j those who embarked on the Titnnlc for ; her maiden Journey?l,G.-',r> persona ex? actly?went down with her when she ?nubbed her nose beneath tho waves, hung, quivering an Instant, half above and half below the surface, and then started her downward plunge to the1 bottom, nearly two miles below. Since then the cable ships Mackay Bennett and Mlnla have been at the scene of the wreck searching for bldlea. Borne hnve been identified by articles In the clothing: and are now on their way to Halifax aboard tho Mackay- j Bennett. Altogether 205 had been picked up last Thursday. The steamship Is! due there this morning. Others were, recommitted to the sea after It had been found that they were unrecogniza? ble. The Mlnla will remain et the ecene of the disaster for some days to come, and It will not be until there is a fair certainty that everybody recov? erable has been found that the search will bo abandoned. It was collision with an Iceberg which! caused tile destruction of tho Titanic, and tlioso who would moralise over the great ship's loss can sou in such n meet? ing the hand of Kate, which required ! tho greatest example of man's handl- ! ?work afloat on the sen to point Its protest against his ambition. For it seems certain thai nothing less th in nn iceberg could have withstood collision with the enormous Titanic. Than lier no ship Which Halls the sea.i was bettor prepared to meet unexpected encoun? ters with others. Even n war vpkhcI, tho heaviest Dreadnought, probably must have succumbed to the rushing Impetus of the monster Titanic had they Jostled each other in the narrow lanes of tho ocean. It had to bo somothing greater than any ship afloat to sink the Titanic, and that something was supplied In the tremendous berg, eight-ninths of whose bulk skulked beneath tho waves while it presented a pnltry lump of Ice, some 120 feet In height to do combat with the - steamship. It Is thirteen days since the Ti? tanic nank?fourteen since ehe pHtnge;! into the berg. Through many of those days her owners nnd thoso who waited ?.shore for nows of dear tmes aboard th/? bin liner wore fprced to l>? qori tent with meagre wireless accounts \ of the norld<;nt. In the Tltanic's passenger Hal were such names its Col. and Mrs. John Jacob Ast or. Major Archibald Butt, military aid to Presi? dent Tuft; James Clinch Smith, Dr. Washington Dodge, Assessor <>f Port, San Francisco; Mrs. Dndgo uipl child, sir Cosmos and Lady Gordon Lennox, Charles M. I lays. President of ihe Grand Trunk Pacific ??!" Canada, his wife and daughter; W. T. Stead, Ben ] tint In Guggenheim, F, l>. Millet, the artist; G. I>. Wldener of Philadel? phia, Countess Rothes, Mr. and Mrs. Isidor Straus. .1 15. Thaycr. Vice Presi? dent of the Pennsylvania Railroad, his wife nnd son; T. D. M. Cardesa, Clar or.ro Moor? of Washington, Robert \V. Daniels of Philadelphia; J. Bruce Ismay, President of lite International Mercantile Marino Company, owner of the line; Henry B. Harris, the theatri? cal manager, nnd Mrs. Harris; Thomas Andrews, designer, and Archie Frost, Chief Kngineor for Harlan?! t Wolff, the Titanic ? builders. Many of these and of the others aboard the Titanic had postponed or1 advanced their dates of sailing from Europe, in some instant es paying large bonuses, for the privilege of making the Tltanic's maiden voyage. For many of these passengers there was in? terest felt ashore, and Inquiries were made not only by members of their families and by friends, but by persons connected with them In business or whoso fortunes would he Influenced by their life or death. For such anxious. Inquirers there were many hours of suspense before even a partial nnd Inaccurate list of the sur? vivors was wirelessed ashore from the Cunarder Carpathla which rescued oil of the Titanic'? passengers who were saved. From this, lists of those who hnd gone down with the steamship were ?evlEcd. and later, when bodies were found floating on the sceno of the i wreck, lists of those who had boon ( Identified were made. Meantime the Carpathla, most anx lously awaited of nil ships which were 1 nenrlng the Port of New York, brought In her cargo of survivors, and with j them tho first authentic story of the j wreck, of how tho ureat ship hnd ? Ftruck, o*. what occurred aboard her' fifter her bottom r-oies had been: ripped off by contact With the ice? berg nnd her fifteen water-tight compartments had begun to fill. 01 how the order waa given to take to the boats and of how It was fulfilled, of the ?.?onduct of officers and crew and of passengers, especially that of those whose names were famous throughout the world; of how the lifeboats were launched nnd of the long hours of wait? ing In these cockleshells while the Car pathtu was steaming at extraordinary speed from many miles away. News of all this the Carpathla brought, but mostly it was told by rescued passen? gers, still too excited to Give more than Impressionistic accounts of what had befallen the giant ship anil them. The stories varied widely and In their variances revealed how different may he the Impressions received In different minds by the one occurrence. In tho mnln features the recollections of a majority agreed. In detail they dif? fered, one from the other, as the imag? ination of one who recounted them dlf fered In quality from that of another. I It was not until tho United States ) (Senate undertook an Inquiry into the i causo of the disaster that testimony ; was obtained from which the actual ; ,'.'.rts of the Tltanic's sinking could bo gathered. That inquiry is still under I way. As yet no blame has been fixed I for the w orst marine catastrophe In re j corded history, but' facts hnvo been I' brought put in tho testimony of offi? cers of tho ship, Jn tho talcs of sur .vlvors, and 1?. tho records p^wijroless messages, sent anil received, from which ?tn accurate necount of the !oss of the Titanic, of the circumstances of her encounter with the berg, of the ef? forts made to save the ship, and of the death of the many and the saving of a few. can be constructed. THE FATAL VOYAGE Lantcd Just Five Days and Ended Two Miles Beneath Atlantic's Surface TIIF. TITANIC railed from South? ampton. England, on Wcdnea day, April 10. Scarcely had she | drawn out of her berth when she narrowly escaped collision with the American liner New York, which was yanked from her moorings, her haw sera snapped, by the tremendous suc? tion exerted by the new steamship. The great Titanic drew the Now Y'ork to- j ward her na an iron filing is drawn to a magnet, and the smaller vessel float? ed, helplessly, stern first, down on the glar.to?3 of the seas. Her passengers lined her decks on iht side of? whle'.i the Now York lay. ;.v.i~hlng with pride that they wore aboard such a ship, when they learned that It was the Titnnlc's suction which had strained the New York from its mo;irinns. That the narrowly n\oldod collision was prophetic of that other collision in which the Titanic was to play the part of the pigmy could not have entered the mind of a single por son aboard. Then tho big steamship gathered 1 headway ngein, movins slowly while she was In range of other shipping, that tho occurrcnco of the New York might not bo repeated, but increasing her speed as slio left tho shore behind until finally sho was racing through ocean waves, cleaving to a line which her navigators had lain down for her, off at last on her maiden Journey with New York .-it) her goal. News of her starting was cabled to that city nntl the departure from England of the greatest steamship in the world was heralded far and wide. For several days there could be no news of her. She might speak other ships bound for foreign ports, or ships headed as alio was yet which must bow to her superior speed and The Titanic as She Was When She Started on Her Tragic Voyage. follow her wake up New York Harbor, but no word could come from thorn sooner than from the Titanic horself. I New York settled down to await the ! first report from the big ship, and it . came on Sunday, April 14, when, at 1 2:lfj A. M., the Titanic was reported 1.2S1 miles east of Sandy Hook and ! duo In New York at 4 o'clock Tues ; day afternoon. ] The Riant liner was no four-day boat, j : In speed she could not compete with tho Lusltanla or Mauretanla, though to no others need she yield, but New York ! was content to wait for the cominjr of the greatest ship .afloat. The report from tr.e Titanic would come on Sunday In time for publication in the newspapers of Monday morning, ' and should show her 500 miles or more ; nearer New Yor!:. That was tho ir.es- . ?age which was awaited, instead, late on Sunday night, this is the message which came: OAl'H RACE, Newfoundland, Sun? day ni?ht, April II. ?At iO:L'.", o'clock , lo-r.lgl.t tr..- tv-iite Star i-'.no steam? ship Titanic culled "C. Q. D." to the Marcohl wireless station here and r> l potted having struck an Iceberg. The : Btea.T.?:-.;p tu.O ::;.'. :...i:sic.la'.u ?.?<!??? nr.Co was required. Half un hour afterward another mcs ! rase came reporting that they woro .sinklni: by the head ami that women : were being put off In tho lifeboats, i The weather ?an calm and clear, tho i Tltanlc'S wireless operator reported ! and gave the position o! the vessel as i 41.40 north latitude and 60.14 west lon I gltudc. Tho Marconi station at Cape Raco notified the Allan liner Virginian, lite Capt. A. H. Rostron, Comrnaruier of the Carpathia, Which Rescued the Survivors. C'artaln of which Immediately advised thai he was proceeding for tho scene ft the disaster. The Virginian at midnight was about 170 miles distant from tho Titanic and exptetod to reach that vessel about 10 A. M. Monday. - A. M . Monday.- -The Olympic at nn early hour tin* (Monday) moraine was in latlluda 40.82 north and longitude c.i.IS wor.t. She was In direct communi? cation with the Titanic And is now making all haste toward her. The steamship Baltic also reported herself ts .'.bout 2iA> miles east of the Ttter.lc and v/iti rr,.-tk!r.fr all possible. Speed toward her. The last Signals from the Titanic were heard by the Virginian at 12:27 A. M. The wireless operator on the Virginian says these signals wore blurred and ended abruptly. This was the first word of the disas? ter received In America. It was not until many days later that authentic news of the striking and sinking of the Titanic was received, and it brenne known how tho accident had occurred. Many of the facts wero gathered from tho testimony of .1. liruce femny, (?resident of the International Mercan? tile Marino: .Second Officer Charles Herbert Llghtollor of the Titanic, and Harold Brido, the Marconi operator aboard the Titanic, which was Riven The Hymn That the Ship's Band Played r.s the Vessel Went Down. The Carputhia, Rescuer of the Survivors. before the Senate Investigating Com? mittee. Their statements established tho fact that It was a clear, cold night when the Titanic plunged into the Iceberg. Tho h!ff vessel hud been four days on her way. Such passengers as had bean un? acquainted when the steamship left port, had established tho cordial rela? tions which usually exist among fellow passengers on an oeenn voyage. Din? ner \v?b over iind there were groups of carefully gowned women and men in evening clothes in the saloons. The smoking rooms were filled. There were I games of bridge and other hazards at curds In progress. 1 Outside the temperature had been falling rapidly as the Titanic drew nearer and noarer to tho Ice lines from 'tho midst of which rose the group of .h-obergs on one of which the great ship Wf.s to strike. Testa of the water had IV-cti taken every two hours throughout ftho day and evening, but these a3 yet hnd failed to show a dangerous prox? imity to the Ico field. The officers were not alarmed, and In the mln.l of n? passenger, probably, was thoro n thought, of danger. Tho Titanic, they bdfleved, was uuslnktible. The. big ship was plowing ahead at gooi'J speed, and Second Officer Llghtol ler, who had taken tho bridge at 0 o'eftoek, was still on duty. It was early eventing. In tho crow's nest were Sea? men 1'iint and Leigh, keeping a sharp wattth ahead, for though the iceberg fleet was not dreaded, it was known to he near at hand. There wero no, othctr* lookouts except tho men on the j bridge. At 8:55 o"olock Capt. E. .T. Smith mounted the bridge and consulted with his second officer. Tho ship was male* i ing twenty-one or twenty-one and a' half knots. The weather was fine and! clear. A myriad stars dotted tho heav? ens. Capt. Smith spoke with Llghtoller of the Ico fields into which they were run? ning ami <>r the^Jjrent icebergs there. Wireless) warnings of the existence of these fields and bergs and of their loca? tion had been received by the Titanic from her ulster liners, the Olympic und Saltlo. from tho Hamburg-American liner Amerika, and from other liners. Capt. Smith was serious but not alarmed. He had been amply warned, and if other ships could have traversed the field In safety, surely the giant Ti? tanic could muko tho passage. He ordered Second Officer Lightoller to keep the Titanic on her course, but to notify him If there arose the slight? est doubt as to conditions. Then he lttft the bridge at 0:25 o'clock. Thirty-five minutes later Chief Offi crr Murdock relieved Llghtoller on the bridge. Tho weather held fine and clear, though cold. The temperature wns 31 degrees, but was not considered abnormal for tho region in which tho Titanic was. The men discussed the ice fields and bergs which the ship wan approaching, and decided that they 1 probably would encounter them In about an hour. Their estimate was not far wrong In view of the uncertainty as to the exact location of the fields which wer.nstantly moving with tho currents, for It was at 11:30 that tho Titanic scraped over a submorged shelf of tho berg, tearing away the steel plates of her bilge. Two facts stand out prominently In the sinking of the Titanic. One Is that had the look-outs In the. crow's nest been equipped with binoculars the dls ttstpr might have been averted. The Iceberg which sent tho great liner to the bottom was sighted when theru was ycl time to turn the steamship sufficiently from her course so that the impact of collision was felt by tho liner's starboard bow some twenty feet fr >r.i tho stem. The warning given a few seconds before probably would have allowed time for the Titanic to have been turned aside- beyond tho range of the borg. Tho other fact Is that many persons, most of them men. lost their lives need? lessly. Not one of the lifeboats which pulled away from tho sinking Tltanlo apparently went with ft full cargo. Some of them carried less thsn half tho number which might have found room Jn them. That this was so wni tho result of the desiro of most of tho men aboard to remain thcro till every woman had been removed. (Continued oa Follorrlno; ?!*???-?