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Uu?iUb>? Ottice.tit V. Mala Street
Couth Illchmond..1000 Hull Street petcrs/jur*- Bureau....Id* N. Sycamore Street Lynchburg Bjieau.US Eighth Street BY M/.IJ. One gut Three One FOSTAOE PAID Year. Mji. Mo? Mo Oall? with K.nday.H.W t! W |i f) ! Dally iftthoi-t Sunday.... ? 90 ; e.) t.? ? Eunday ell tlon or.ly. iM l.oo M .5 iVeokl/ (WeCnusday). 1.00 M .t? ... I'jr Tllnta-Dlepatch <"arr)?r DeltTe.-y ?>-? ?!ce In Rlchnicnd tand iuburt'i' .-n-! Pe? tersburg- One Wee! Pally with Sunday.v?8 cents Dally without Sunday. 10 cer.ta Sunday only. ? cuts Entered January n. at lll?htnoi J. Va . ne a-con .-clns-s matter under act of renrre.? ?f Marr\ r. :f7j: FRIDAY, MAY a, 1312. WHOM WIM, ?.<>! FIT IS TIIH CA II f lllohnmnil has beeil pulling upgi i I for a long tlllio 011 a narrow gau :<? government track. At lasJ tho old engine has been discarded; it was hot up-to-date; !t had untlquut id machine-, ry; It plodded nl->:i^: it could not mnko pood time. Now a new track has h. , n laid down and a modern engine h-?s been put on. ah thiit Is necessary to run Richmond successfully tiro five good engineers who know how to run 11. who have good rccomn't ndatlons, and who will keep up with the sched? ule and not put on the brakes i:st when they ought to put on more steam. It Is simply a question nf engineers, this Administrative Board question. In other words, ?hall the people of (Richmond put in bhc cab to run th"lr government five engineers who know nothing about t'ne now engine and who ore lni-omr>5tent to run It? Or shall We put in five men who do know how end who are qualified to do the work? Phall we have fivo demagogues In the cab or five men who will he on the Jo>.?? Shall we allow an Incompetent minority to choose officials to engineer] our now government, to whom no bust- j ness man would Intrust th.- manage- j ment of his business? Shr.n We choose] a? our five men at the : - ver men: Wims? only business Is second-hand j rolltlc? I.Ike Casey Jones of the fa- j nous hnllrtd, the flv.> engineers must ' mount to the cabin of city admihistra- I tlon with orders In their hands, but they must ba orders front the people, | not from the city employes ami pest politicians. l"n*:ike Casey Jones, these c-r.ginecrs must stay en the track. |, If you want efficient engineers to , run P.!:hmnnd, r.ny your poll ta\ to. 1 . day. To-morrow is th* last day fori, paying it. and If you don't pay It you ; . e.tn't vote f.>r the Administrative | , Board. If you are In favor of making ' the new government of Richmond one ; that will make no stops before reach? ing efficiency and prosperity, pay your \ jipU tnx und vote. Pf yon are In favor!' of turning tho city government Into a midnight freight, which mnkes n Bit , of noise, but covers little distance, i don't vote. Unless the two-thirds otl the eltlsen* of Richmond who have not | qualified to vote pay th.'lr poll tax- B to-nmbrrow, the time that Richtnon.l j will make under incompetent admin-1-' Jstrators will be so slow that'the cows will walk Into the train and bite the!' passengers. Your poll tax must He paid to-day.!' It Isn't up to the. other fellow. It's up to you. WHAT SYNDICALISM MF.AXS. The small riot In Union .Square, New I York, when revolutionary members of | the International Workers of the World! tore down, (no 'American flag from the platform upon which Socialist speakers] were addressing an audience, on Slay 1, or Labjr Day, emphasizes the wldel spread of the so-called syndicalist dot:- 1 trints In this country and England. The English conl strike was partly! a syndicalist Undertaking, and the Uw renco strike was conducted by the ?Workers of tha World, who represent these Ideas In the United Stales The attack on tho -Socialists demonstrates, If demonstration were necessary, how tar this movement is from Its old -r | doctrlr.al fort hear Und front trades unionism. Y< t by many Ihe terms nrt us *d Interchangeably. without an I idea of how much more radical than lil.l other labor movements Is this n i? claimant f >r revolutionary discontent. The word syndicalism has been in? corporated Into tho English langting from the French. It la derived from' the French rSyndlenl, the natno In that country for trade union, but the derivative Is a pert/crslqn of tlie original?trades union proper?'ft what It comprehends and signifies! In u rec< nt Address Mr Lloyd?: George declared III ? IT? t < that synll oallsm was so opposed t-> lallsm that the social Ik t might be employed as n. 'policeman against th< syndical? ists and vice versa. That was an exaggerated and mlslen Hhg view, for It Is well known that, takm tat? st whole, both the socialists and the syndicalists oppose lbglt'matc re-sort to force In suppressing ilsordor. Alto. It Is a fact thai there arc extreme socialists, who are syndicalists, and syndicalists who are ultra-socialists! as Ihe latter are differentiated from pure Mars so'. lallSt.l, are individual members of trades Unions thttl are both socialist and syndicalist; but tli.i- does not apply to the general proposition ol 11 . tlon ond sympathy, propaganda ana alms. These trades movements are, however, a negligible factor and force. / The average socialist, as distinct from the perverted variants.of social? ism, would, broadly speaking; . reale a gigantic and universal syst. . of Stale control of industry, lie at least professes to believe that such .'? om. dition would benefit all humanity, and, la the majority of eases, we date ' s.iv, Is, Iri lh<! lights before him, sin core. ll?- I* largely nn ideulist and I altru'at, who recognises some duty to I others than himself, no matter by I what Impracticable and Irrational I methods ho would seek to perform I Hint duty, in addition he aspires to ? i.I through representative nnd parliamentary forms of government? I through political organisation. Tho basic doctr'iie of tho syndicalists, who are represented In this country by tho ?Industrial Workers of the World." , i. the destruction of the profits of I capital in order that tho worklugmen may tnkc over all Industries for themselves. Syndicalism holds the dogmn that h trades union should become tho ownei and ?outroller of the industry In which its members arc engaged, it resents the Idea of any legislation antagonistic to that contention, us shown in this declaration of one of its lenders in England: "IVo claim that no 670 men elected to Parliament from various geographical areas can possibly have the requisite knowledge to properly direct tho productive and I distributive capacity of the hat ton. [The men and the women who actually j work in the various industries should Ibe persons best capable of organizing them." On its face, and segregated j from all other tenets of syndicalism. I the contention scums sound. Bui, 't..-ste,i by the dogma in question. It; mentis that syndicalism would turn Over industry and capital to predatory exploitation. It Is nn insidious pica for annihilates capitalistic and property Interests under the cloak of advocacy of co-operative and profit ; sharing Industry. The British economist, Hewitts, synthesized the movement most aptly und all embrnclngly when. In a' speech In the House of Common?, lie as sorted that syndicalism was not logically a form of socialism or of 11 ades unionism, "hut was a peculiar? ly savage, Intensified and destructive individualism and selfishness." Aside from the fact tint the vast majority of the trades unionists in this coun? try, and the more intelligent lenders of the British sinke, despite conver? sion of many of the latlcr's followers, repudiate syndicalism, tho founda? tions! antagonism between Byndlcal- j Ism and trades unionism is most J inclusively testified to in the charge- | ^f the Industrial Workers that a| practical alliance exists between the Vmerlcan Federation of Labor and the) -apltnilstft, Of course. there is no I im.ii alliance In form anil terms, but t Is obvious that the fundamental in? terests of the trade's unionists and the capitalists lire closely allied in j intngonlim to und conflict with tli? | H'Str?Ctlve, greedy policies, theories. ' tur.poses and methods of syndicalism. ' A.- to th4 future of syndicalism, ibout which there In a great doul Of 11 ?peculation just nt present, we think hat no fat as the United States is ' 1 loncerned, it stung itself mortally hit' he Lawrence strike. Its leaders from' he outside, masquerading as in- I luslrlal Workers and socialists, o'er caped themselves. The condition "f I mntcri.il to work upon which wits for the most part alien made the! propagation of their dogma eompara- i lively easy, and, In their success and I exultation, they forgot all caution and disclosed the cloven hoof reck? lessly nnd defiantly, to he seen and I known by all men. They nwakcm d , all thoughtful men of both the capital- | Istlc and III- working classes, not j only to the monstrous economic ah- I sut'dlty of syndicalism, but to the menace it carries to society, to law and to order, and to representative Institutions, The final fruit cannot but be to draw employer and employe clos. r together, and establish n bettor understanding between labor and capital, under the operation and In lluencc of the law of Belf-.protcctlon?; mutual protection, in truth. Certain-! ly. of that there is abundant and gratifying pri-mise! \ \ IXltEI'HESEXTATIVE PltlMAHV. .Massachusetts'.* farcical presidential primary otitphusUes tb.e e\pi r; nee of all the Slates which have adopted such I a form of presidential primary, that ; only a small proportion of the electo? rate takes the trouble to vote. The use, ?msd< r:f rtuch a primary proves that it is an unrepresentative political Insti? tution of the most undemocratic possi? bilities. 'I'b'. certainly thai only u small proportion til the slcctornto will pnrllcjpate in even so important a pri? mary its this, which helps to nominates | tlo Chief Magistrate of the republic, liausc.s It to lend itself easily to ih ? . i.? liiiiatlohi >?'? corruption. Aggri's slveriosa on the part of a few utiscru-! ptilous meiii cdupled with the indiffer? ence of the gri.it majority, makes such a primary do everything but reg ster the popular will. In Nebraska the other day She tri? umphant candidate, Bo Sovclt. received (only one-fonrti, .is many votes .is 1 Taft, iho regular nominee of the ite : i licnn party, rolled up on the pr< sl- ? tientlnl ballot in 190S. champ Clark, [lb - Democratic victor, polled only one-] s :.ii: .is many votes as did Bryan lu the November balloting of 190S. I lti Illinois, Roosevelt could niuster' ? '? per cent, of lb,. Vote cunt fur ; tin- Taft cleilois of 1908, anil the total j for nil candidates f ol d up to only j ZO per cent. Who can sny that the either half of the Republican vou-r.-.! were fairly represented, or even r?prc sented nt all? In Pennsylvania,! where Roosevelt siusncd ' gverybody ' ?vlsc out of the ring, he polled but 20. per cht. of the vote which the Repuh-1 ! Rcoh pr ildentlal candidate regularly' j K",v lu Massachusetts, Taft, Roosevelt I i and i..i Follctte received a total otl J 117.717 vuKi wUUc Tall, as tue li<--1 I publican nominee in 1008, received 2(6.966 votes. Even Irrothlnghani, the losing Republican nomlnco for the gov? ernorship In the fall of l?U, secured 206.706 votes. The same thing Is true of the Democrats, even though It Is alleged thul many of them voted with the I Republicans, under the loose and dc i foctlvo primary law of the Old Bay I State Clark and Wilson lolled to? gether j'.'.ioo rotes, as against the I 1 ?.->,". 13 that Rryah, ti weak presidential i nominee, eorraled In 1008. I-'oss, the I Democrat'wlio wen the governorship in thi full of 1011, sot 214,807 votes, or 185.78$ more votes than both Demo (??ratio candidates In tho presidential 1 primary this week. In fact, if we con ' aider the It'll gubernatorial olectlon .is a fair basis of strength of tin two parties, then in Tuesday's primary there -were about 60,000 Republicans i who did not go t" the polls In Massa? chusetts, and i>''.ts>( Democrats who stayed at home and lei 29,109 othtsr Democrats constitute ihe party In the balloting. The net results of the presidential primaries s- far have been confusion, j deception, misrepresentation of the I popular will and corrupt manipulation. The system is pock-marked With de? fects and dangers. The presidential primary Is not a popular Instrument; i: Is a political instrument. It substi? tutes small majorities for large ma? jorities: in ninny eases It. replaces the deliberate verdict of the majority With tlie snap judgment "f the minority. It i- the very reverse ?f what Its creators designed It for. In Its wake It has left misuse, misunderstanding and mis? representation. A WORD TO EMPLOYERS. If you employ men. no matter how many or how few, ask them to pay ' their poll taxes to-day or to-morrow. Give th*-:n enough time off to go to t to City Hall and do it. Such a step' will toe In the interest of no candidate, but It will bc for the Interest of tha city only. If the electorate is enlarged to? day and to-morrow, a competent and businesslike Administrative Hoard can he (looted to carry on th-' business of! the City as a business proposition and, :-. i as n grab-bag. A better govern- \ tin nt for Richmond means more and ' better business for Richmond. The experience of municipalities is that) tho better "a city is governed, tlie greater will be its volume of business, j Cities which have good gov i tun? nt grow fast, because people come to' well-governed cities in preference to j those which arc Ill-governed. Tell your employes that If they perform. ITtoir duty to the city they have noth-I ing to lose and much to gain in tin- j long run. Don't try to persuade thorn j lo vote for any man or set of m;n, I an; do use your Influence With them Lo get tiiem to qualify to vote. LET COLORED PEOPLE UNITE, The colored citizens ol" Richmond In mit show great wisdom in bringing before the community tv<> appeals for assistance almost in the same week.' >n .May T. the Richmond Hospital, nn' nstttutloh for the colored sick, will begin n campaign for $ 10,000 with which to erect a new building to In-! rreasc the capacity >f the present; structure, which is overcrowded, Re-, fweeh May 20 and '-'.". a rally will b* held to taise $30,000 for the construe-1 tlon ' f a monument to tin faithful negro servants of the city. In both cases assistance from interested and benevolent white citizens will be ask-; Cd. It must be obvious that with such, a division of appeal, both designs will not be helped to any great extent. Richmond people are charitable and! they are keenly alive ta the duty of J helping the members of n dependent race, but It is certain their generosity will hot be able to contribute to these movements in the proportion the am? bitious promoters expect. The Times-Dispatch would he glad to see some plan adopted whereby a memorial to the faithful servants might take the concrete and continual? ly helpful shape of hn Institu? tion for tlie amelioration of sttf-| fcrlhg among colored people. The sent intent "shown In this project to per? petuate in some way the v'rtuea and' services of loyal and devoted mammies and servitors is a good thing; but the; very practical labors of these faithful servants would ask a practical me-' mortal. A combined hospital. Indus? trial home and nurses' training school would fittingly typify how the negro has helped the- South, -and would bo a blessing in the future in enabling' the :.. gro to help bis own people. One of the physicians Interested In the hos? pital has for years been laboring to secure some form of industrial train-; ing that will advance his fellows. Such' efforts should receive the earnest sup-] port both of his own race and their white friends. Hut it is not possible that a sum like ?TO.O00 can be raised from all sources to meet these diver? gent demands, lsut by joining their energies and making, a s'r.gle broad appeal for money with which to build and carry on a setnt-public and chnrit nblo enterprise of the highest value to the community, our colored residents would demonstrate their own wisdom and touch the In arts and purses of men a::<! women of means to a gener? ous response. "Kindly r.lurn my lock of hair," a North Carolina girl wrote lo a former admirer In R'chmond the other day. aim he answered: "All right. Do you wain the dark lock or the -one you gave ino when you were a blonde'." Whether Woodrow Wilson? cam? paign fund la as Slim as It is painted we do not know, but the name of his prt ?s agent is IV nee, Governor Coal Crease has lost some more counties in South Carolina, and the mournful expression or the..Co? lumbia State would make a noun' dawg laugh. On the Spur of the Moment By Roy K. Moulton | Ho CouldnV. Tell n l.le. 3eorge Washington, the school books say. could never t< 11 a lie Althouch he was a married man. but thoy don't t. 11 us why. We'd llko to know the Inside tacts and how It was forsooth. That (Jeorge could n v< r get along by sticking; to tin- truth. It ho should run for President and party bosses wrote A platform he ? ould stund upon to catch the party vole: Would h<> suy he'd curYy out each plank right in If* place. Or would he throw It In the air and pull out of the ratfo? Wou|d he assui.nch candidate for every Job in .sight That there was not a doubt but he'd get the place nil right? <?!? would he give up and resign his Job fight on Hi. spot? I', l imps UK couldn't tell a He. hut times have changed a lot. I'llttlng Our t.r.iM?.. WAST.KD?An honost and indus? trious child of the mate persuasion to manicure lawn two n week. Call to? morrow morning No . street It was a harmless and Inoffensivi ' little want ad., neatly and modestly worded, we thought, und It eventually ' jarred our latent sensibilities into u sudden realisation of the truth of the old-time adage t,. Hi. effect that it ? pays to advertise. W.ado Qnly one mistake. We did not specif) the hour. We learned at r. o'clock that full ninc t.ntlis of the Juvenile male population of our fair city Is engaged in the ! lucrative though strenuous occupation j of relieving lawns of their whiskers. I At 0:15 a full fledged baseball game ! had been organised on said lawn by eighteen candidates for the Job, and the milkman was essaying the role of ' umpire. The crowd of juvenile onlook? ers was the largest wo have ever seen outside of the league games. There was a sparring match going on In the hack yard, a juvenile lire department was putting out an Imaginary fire on our roof, various ae.d sundry neighbors were appearing In their pajamas on front porches and threatening to call the wagon, ancient and honorable lawnhiowcrs were stneked in military style In the street, impeding all early, traffic, and various Inwhinowcr's races up and down the cement walk were In pi ogress. We were awakened by receiving In the pit of the stomach a stray base? ball which had meandorCd through the p cond story amid ?< ?bower of glass. W. hastened down and picked out the kid with the dirtiest fac. for he some? how seemed to show i closer relation? ship with the Job than nr.y of the oth? ers, and was, to nil appearances, a trite s,oi of the soil, lie took the,- weeks I for the cutting, and since then we have] had seventeen others, and candidateI No. is Is due on the Job uOxi morning.] Mn> On vs. The doggone school clock stands dead! sltll The hands don'' move a hit. It seems like sixty years until It's time for s. hool ,o oj?lt. Some .nie passe i out a good bum steer And wrote "Tine PPts,'' that's all,I For just abbut tl is time- of year It do, sn't even crawl. Blueglll are bit In' by the ton Ami I don't care n rtutn If Cics.Ii- crossed Hp- Rcubbercun Or If old Home did burn. The angli and hypotenuse Ain't pi ?time: to my wish. And grammar?thunder, what's the use.' I want to .<-t and fish. Voice of the People The Risk tn ( iinttnlNSlon Government. To the Editor The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,?The moral risk, which every Insurance company 1ms to reckon j v.ith. Must I,, taken into considera? tion b. those who seel; to establish 1 government by commission. Other- ! wise, It has it parallel in the Utbp'au dream of sir Thomwi Mot.-. The majority ,,f business men. who are ?? singularly successful in man? aging the 11 own affairs, are not un? mindful of thi "tricks of trade." and lew, : any, f.j.1 to corral th<-m fin' their own use knowing well tha'r competitors will avail themselves to Hp- Utmost of i! is means of prosperity. In the administration of government the maximum r.d not the f . limuml expense obtain- The difference in - I tween the maximum anil minimum is | governed by :i law of Itob Itoy, hs Set forth by Wordsworth; "For w: v? Because the pond old rule Rufftcoth them; the simple plan. Thai tin y should lulu; who havs the power. And they should keep who can." It is strictly Utopian to hope to get th<> best man 1 ? discharge the often? times onerous and ungrateful tusk J imposed bj public office. Yet, w'th n. | ; ill knowledge of her embarrassment in this n Spect, Richmond has ndven* tured upon a form in her political condition. Th< grave mistake now being made - to denominate those ? M who have hereto(0rO bundled tho ? ity's affairs a- yellow dogs and ward heelers. Certainly^ as far as Is possi? ble these mi should he accorded] p clablllly und the attributes of common decency not denied them?j tiny have borne the burden as best! tln-v might or . ,uld. ami are now be-j inn overwhelm ? : with opprobrium and epithets. Strong, lndc< . must be the ind'vid unl rtense of lluiess of him who would now on. to a scharge the duties pre Abe Martin A 1. Ill r ? ,i a poplar in a I IUI? town b id i. r stay there: Unclo 15? Push fays tl r hnlnt no better entln than a German c.irp?If >ou Know how f dismantle ? m. THE ANNUAL JOKE. By John T. McC?tcheon. [Cop,right: M13: Vr John T. McCutcbeon.J 0%F^CFRnv'^y' W^*ther? man> P*0*1' <" W? trandmother'. funeral yesterday?". Uttlt,b BOY?"Several thousand, tir." scribed by so high ? standard?i-vcn If lie succeeds fairly well he will havi to face the Inoyitnble and varying criticism or discordant public opinion tew men arc so clot lied as to be ln vuinorablo lo, or so flexible as to i? able to adjust themselves to the avenging cry of popular disappoint? ment or disapproval. Tin effort to draw such men out from retirement lo engage In puhl! atr.tirs has hut codified the opposlt!< n and concentrated the burning lens upon each and every one who dares now the personal ego of "1 am he whom you seek." i There was n clastt of men who lived prior to the War between tile State! who personally fell the great disaster that befell us, to whom patriotism nnd love of country became a duty, and i:i the dark hours of our resurrection those met; discharged that duty with a rectitude worthy of all emulation. The majority of men thus trained liavc now passed from the arena of public nct|on, and their place has been taken by men who look upon public employment as an asset 10 be utilized fur their personal advancement. This is largely true of all men eleeted to public olllce by the people?some claim, it as a pat. nt of aristocracy?to others It confers Well-earned distinction?' while the many forget their obligation lo the people while seeking social I adornment pr private emolument. A hoard of supervisors in a large county l.i about the best illustration I of a commission form of government, ' These positions are honors coveted by I many farmers?and the honor alonoj is its compensation. Their duties, i however, are not absorbing; their In loresl In public .iffalrs induces them to devote their leisure to the public?! service. But It is evident that tho i same high ideals do not now obtain as 1 formerly?the patriot ha_nd. guided by] knowledge of a great disaster, is | wanting. The moral risk must be accepted; the probabilities are in favor of nud? ln? the man you seek in the highways The Master sitys: ".For whosoever ox alleth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be <?:.,..:?.. ed." Also. - For which Of you. Intend ing to build a tower, slttcth not down first ami countoth the cost, whether h< have sufficient to llnlsh it? Lest haply after lie hath laid the foundation, and Is not aible to llnlsh it. all that be? hold it begin to mock him. saying this man began to build and was not able to finish," quoting from chapter xlv. Of St. Luke. K. F, S. Bentonvlllc. To Protect Travelers by Sen. To tlie Editor of The- Tiines-Dis-op.rc:.; Sir,?In sending you the Inclosed bill, let nie submit the.following mem? orandum: The hill |s capable of immediate en? act m' nr. It was introduced as the result of an effort mad? by trie New York State Mayors' t'on Terence. Ati Identical bill has heen introduced! in the House til. R; iiT.Tee). Mayors of eighty - three cities In the Unlt-ed< States, Including the ports of Baltimore, Boston, Bridgeport, Phila? delphia, Raleigh, Savannah and Wil? mington, have already written or tele? graphed to Washington urging that these or similar Mils lie passed. Mayors of otlcir cities throughout the country are sending In similar re? quests, Some reasons why the hill should he enacted speedily are; 1. Much time must elapse before any well considered governmental or inter? governmental change can he effected In lojwa requiring Mfe-savlng appli? ances at sea. 2. More strlnttent requirements as to such appliances are demanded, have been embodied In other hlllH, and will sooner or later bo enacted. 3. IjSSS attention has hitherto been devoted t'o the prevention of drtith In ease of foundering; tlj.an to the pro vi ntlon of foundering. 4. Steamship exports know more, and can quickly learn more, "than l?g ilslatlvi* committees will ever know about lif"-saving appliances. .">. Steamship experts need stimulus, not only during the few weeks that follow a "Titanic"- disaster, but dur? ing .??very we?k in every year. Every passenger Is entitled to know just what provision Is made ifor" his safety. 7. lie is entitled to receive this in? formation authoritatively, currently, nnd without need to rely upon jour? nalistic enterprise. s. At present lie can. but seldom does, deduo.e the information from ||,>i mass of daia contained in seldom rend notices posled on board. < !'. This bill is noncontontlous. 10. If enacted, it would enforce itself, because false statements kpjjwv jingly advertised or printed on -the back of the passage ticket would sub? ject the guilty parties to criminal prosecution, and the steamship com nie? ti> civil cult lu caic of damage. 11. Publicity Is a potent pOrSuadir. 1.'. Rivalry is a strong stimulus. 13. Persuasion and rivalry arc mightier and speedier tlian force. Ia K. OPDTCKJS. New York Sixty-second congress. Second Session S. 6196. IN THE SENATK OF THE l"NIT::n STATICS. April 24, :di:. -Mr. McCumber Introduced the follow Ina; *>lll: which was read twicp and r-'erred to the Committee on Com? merce. A Uli,!, For the nrdtei tlon '?* passengers on ocean vessel*, fie <t enacted by the Senate and House of Representative* ot the t'nlteii States of America, in Conrrc? assembled, That hereafter no vesssl of over five thousand tons gros? ton nage shni! he cleared with passengers from any pert In the United States unless there shall have been adver? tised and prlntej on each ticket Is? sued for passag? on such vessel the number of passengers that she Is li? censed to carry, the number of p?r J'.n.? tif.ially composing her crew, nnd the total number of persons for whom she purports to be provided with life ravlng ?fn'-iiitleH capable of keopinp; human beings afloat entirely above water for a reasonable time In ordi? nary weather. In tppenl to the Fruit Orotrera of i'iedinont Section. To the K.lltor of The Tlmes-Dlspatch: Sir,? I noticed nn article In the Nel? son County Times, copied from Tho Tlmes-Dlspatch, stating that the fruit growers of Winchester. Ya., were going to s.-nd a large delegation to Washington urging the passage of the Suizer bill, No. &H83, regulating the pack ami slzo of the apple barrel. 1 was present at tho meeting of the Committee on Coinage. Weights und Measures on tlu loth of April. 1912. Mr. Sul/.er, the author of the Sulzer bill, after having heard the objections raised by th> fruit growers from Nel? son and Alb.'murle counties, said that lie introduced tit* bill at the reimest of the New York commission mer? chants and grocers. He further re? marked that he had no Intention of Injuring tho fruit growers when ha wrote th? bill, but since he had heard our oh. (ins ho was convinced that It did tu fruit grower an injustice, and he asked the committee to mak ? alterations In the bill. Should this 1?lll pass and become a ln.w. the people who live In the Pied? mont section, where the fln?st apples are grown In the State, would suffer n great loss, as such apples as ths Wlnosap, Orimes's Oolden, and apples of that size would have to lake the Second and third place, whereas the Tten Davis, .1 very Inferior apple (which Is largely grown around. Win? chester i, would be put In tho llrst rank. I appeal to the 'fruit growers of th* Piedmont sewion to oppose this ".ill!, as It will Injure our best apples nnd nffin thousands of dollars' lOSH to It3. Tho Virginia standard apple barrel Is the same as the regular export flour barrel?that Is. twenty-seven and one half Inch stave, sixty-four Inches bulge, seventeen and one-alghth inches head, and holding three hush.-Is. Can? ada exports her apples In the twenty seven and one-half inch stave barrel also, and she Is our principal competi? tor In lh'3 TCurovnan market. Virginia npplfs hnvo a. Una reputation In Eng? land. Th>? ntnv?? for t.o flour nnd ripple barrels "are made at Ihn same time. Tho No. 1 staves ore used for flour nt a higher pr!c> and the No. 3 staves for apple barrels nt a lower price. Tho NO, 2 stave makes a No. 1 npple barrel, filling all requirements. If tlr- twenty-eight and one-half Inch stave barrel becomes the standard for nppl? barrels, the fruit grower Would have to uso the No. 1 fts well its the No. 2 staves for his harrrls at a higher price, *s the No. 1 staves could not he u-<e,i ifor the flour barrels, being too long. On the other hand, th? mill, r who uses the twenty-seven and one holf in-'h stave, barrel would have to pa) more for his No. 1 staves, as the stave manufacturer would httvo to put the No. 2 grndd In the truck staves, not being aide to sell them to the, aj?plc growers, 'because tue stave would he too ?Hort By having tne flour anil nppl? barrel* different sizes it works .1 hardship on both the miller and apple grower, as :t makes their barrols cost Ihoin more than la nee?..;, aary. Tho larger barret would require more expense in hauling to ike depot, m *o freight to the. market, ntore ap? ples lo til! it. end the fiuit grower Beta no more for IiIh apples. He has to rn?,tenil with the seasons; high priced labor, high freight rates, and the marketing of his apples. V?'hy should he he hampered on every side? 'I he (lour barrel holds an even unit of mi ?- ;!?> (three bushels), and if the apples .-.re honestly and fairly packed and graded, rto honest dealer will turn them down. .Mi the fruit grower rnk? Is to be let alone. The Virginia State. Horticultural Society meeting held in Harrlspnburg last Jtvtusry did .'not !n dor.-e the twenty-eight and one-half Inch stave barrel. There was a rt-ro lutlon passed indorsing the Virgin: i standard (twenty-seven and on.'-half Inch), and Instructing the committee to males every effort they could .to htwve the Virginia standard adorn'.-.1 as the Vnlted States standard. Nine? ty-nine per cent, of the people of Am. hep?t and Nelron counties and a great many in A lb e mar] a want the twenty seven arid one-half Inch stave, barrel. rnriT finatvEn. Bosoland The Wreck of ihi* Titanic, Out across the harbor bar steamed ths Titanic: And tho?e who watched from afar said she was gignntlo. Up to date ::i every respect: with mil? lionaires on her deck Little thinking or a wreck? This Titanic. Onward through the blue sea plowing. Billows tossing, billows bowing, Wont this mighty monarch 'a her prime. The proudest ship upon the line. Beautiful Titanic. But oh man, In light of Heaven how small: An Iceberg with a solid wall I'own front the Ar. tie Sea did fl'at. And stood In the path of this mighty boat, Doomed the Titanic. No gleam of tight was on the sea To warn the proud ship of her destiny. <'lie fearful crush and her doom warn sealed: It tore from her sides the elates of steel. Down went the Titanic. "Lower the lifeboats;" the captain cried; "Take women and children from either side, Hut let . very man remain on board i Tin women and children arc safely stored'." Farewell Titanic. I have heard of men In bloody strife, Who upon the (battlefield gave ud life: Mut a brt\ver lot never died Than those now drifting with tho ocean's tide? Noble crew. Down, down beneath the foamlns: surge The mermaids sin;' her funeral dirge: Down on the botttjn of the great At? lantic Now peacefully rests the proud T - tunic. Sit ep on, Titanic! ? HAS. T. LOVELACE. South Boston; Va. QUERIES & ANSWERS Mr. Morgan's Address. ?Will you give Mr. .1. P. Morgan's hoinu address? NKW KENT. 217 Madison Avenue, New York City. Newspnper Position. To whom should T apply for posi? tion as reporter on a paper? T. 1* P. Write to the city editor of such na pera as you would care to work on. National State and City Bank Itlebnioiid, Vlrprlnla, Solicits Your Account Capital, ?1,000,000, Surplus* 9000,000?