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The Excellence of the South a Reason for Forcing the Continuance of a Distasteful Union. "Re0 rh> South, meet her p'Ople. and TK?te the growtfc and changes, If you ?would increase your love lor country, Its form of government and Its H??;, end at ih? same time replenish your gladness that Uneie Bern told the t-'<>iith she ahotlld not go out of the Union." it win timely .and wise advlre. I have heeded It, or similar advice, to homo extent, the pa*: twenty years i That In why T nay It I? timely and wise t ounael. There are fey, thousand excellent rra aona why It was a splendid thing for t..<- American r-pu;il|c and the world to prev.int the South from .rolng out ? ?f the Union and establishing another government, hut every time I visit the South and note the wonderful up i ? ling, genera' development; its un? til misled possibilities and rhe great i cbongos wrought since tbs Iruff^ i ? ef the '60S, T am convinced that the 1 niirrfb.?r of good reasons can aafely be added to?that they can h* Increased to a million. I Theirs Is no long'r sn Old South. I save In memory and tradition, and j from the viewpoint of the average American citizen the New So'?th is far ahead, In all deelrsbie ways, 61 th-? 1 Old South, and the Old South <wn? most! rharmlng In many v.-nyr, and what a ! glorious p.<rt she; played in founding the nation! T'.ls is a sweopinte claim that the N'mv South surpasses the Ohl I South, hut i believe that nlnoty-nlnc hundred tits of the propi,, of tnn south/ tlown dc'-p In their heairts-. recognize! It as a legitimate and safe claim, anil nil at the North who hnv read old acid new history of the South will sr>| ? ? ''ogniza it. When on? stops to reflect what would have been the certain outcome oi success for the Confederacy, one u Justified in saying what I have ?aid St the beginning Of tills series of ar? ticles, as the result of a recent South iiii visit, and I could think of no bet trr way to begin. The two countries could not have lived In peace a day; tti..re would have been constant strife, there would have been other wars, bitter, unrelenting, destructive, weak? ening both. And nulle likely there would have been still other countries ectHhllshnd, nil of them weaklings, commanding little respect, fenred by no other country, and eventually they would be destroyed dither hy "them? selves or hy other powers. Think*for n minute of that condition of things as compared with our present gre.it coun? try, with Its vast population, Its great Interests, the high rank It holds among the nations of the <;,rth. the open door of opportunity for every one who honestly srek.s an opportun? ity to succeed In lire; think of the u.itlon thai stretched out Its hands, in mercy to Cuhn and to the Philip? pines, opening ii door of opportunity to the millions of those islands who had known no opportunity, think of the Incomparable growth of cities, in railroads, In manufactures, in educa? tion. In rellgioub efforts?advance all along the line?and then again cast your eyes La'-)* In Imagination to two or a half-dozen we;>k. snarling, snap? ping, unpromising, <i<gem-rating re? publics. Who that tnkes time to think of these things 1? not rejoiced beyond the power of expression because the South was not permitted to establish the first of the weak republics?that the Suuth wsh saved front Itself, kept In the I'nlon that to-day is second to no other portion of the gr.-.it coun? try It has contributed its full share to make great, prosperous, strong and respected ever since the clji>e of the ?Wnr? I cannot understand how any North? ern men can go South, particularly a l"i-tleral soldier, without returning gluddcr than ever that hq had ionic little part In preventing our brethten of the south from doing themselves and the nation the Irreparable damage of disrupting the Union thai now Hands at tho forefront cf ail of the organized governments the world lias ever known, n position It Is destined, ?without the sign of doubt, to main? tain as long as nations exist. This is rather u long Introduction! but never mind. The reader Of history. Whether n soldier or not, could not ride from the river, through Tennessee to Nash? ville and on down to Atlanta, without recalling the scenes enacted alonit that way a half a century iiuo; with? out recalling Port Ponolson, which opened the way to the capture i>f Nashville, the capital of Tcnncssoi . without recalling that awful crash be? tween in,- seasoned soldiers at frank? lin; without bringing back that other great battle of Stone. River, not far away, where thousands were slain; ?without thinking of the mighty h"-ts that were In and about Stevenson und Bridgeporti without n sinking of tho heart BS Chattanooga is ranched, and thoughts "f that awful struggle at Chlokamauga, b.>f the greatest bat? tles of the war. when- many l hOUShndS ?were left dead on the Held, men In bine and men In gray, without a searching glance l Lookout Moun? tain, where the battle above the clouds ?xvafl fought, a step taken which mado more certain, if nol poasl'bic, the suc? cess the next da) ai Missionary Ridge. How travelers search l^ookoui Moun? tain and Missionary liidge ns the train hurries them along the line taken by tho Federal troops In thai iinforgetahle campaign of 1864, In ?Which there were great battlon at Pnlton.. nt ICencsaw Mountain, ai Marietta, at Peach Tree creek, the periea of battles about Atlanta, where nearly 2no,nri0 men fought and many thousands died and still more thou? sands were wounded. On the journey, going und coming, my ' thoughts were busy with those scenes and Incidents of the war days. 1 thought o" the thousands of Wis? consin men engaged In those various !-fictions, of tho thousands from 1111 noise. Iowa. Minnesota, New- Tork. Pennsylvania, and of the thousands oh the Other side from Tennessee, leorgla, Alabama. Arkansas. Louis? iana. Texan, Mississippi, Florida and Ihe Carolinas, a multitude of brave young men. who had Just crossed the' thro,noi.I ,,f real lit" when thr. great ??onlost began, thought of th<- Kreut leaders on both sides >ft Giant. Sidney Johnson, Thomas. Longstreot. Shor- i man. Bishop-General Polk. McPher- ] son, Walker, Logan. Bcauregard. How? ard, Br?gg, Oranger, Joe Wheeler, Joe] [looker, Hood, Gordon, Forest, Wo?>d. \ half of the numod ("cderal and half Confederate, and scores of others wl.o made great names on Molds of hattlo, many of whom since the war have played an important part In building Up tho waste places Nfirth and South, and who hav? served as Governors. Stale and national legislators. Judges Slid other officials. Is it well, now and then, to review these things; to look back to the brave old days, when the best blood Of the nation sacrificed and fought ami the best women In the world agonized, wrought and sacrificed? I sincerely believe it Is It gives Us a new realization ?if what men did and what m?n were capable of doing In the mightiest emergency through which tii?- nation has passed; what women suffered and COUld and did <lo. One fools like lifting hat and bow-1 ln? hcau aa on" passes the national i ? moterlea nn?l the many other come- i tetlos where brav,- men In different : uniforms, but Americans, are burled?! men buried at Nashville, Chattanooga, 1 Cblckamauga, Oalton. Marietta and \ Atlanta. These cities of tho dead, populated by men who gave their] lives for what they believed Mas right, la a vivid reminder of some of the; sat rlflces that were made In the great- . ? of mn.'iorn wars, and the most Im-I rortant war ever fought. Outside of s cluster of delightful j w.,r -torus collected In conversations i with Southern soldiers and Southern people, there will bo very little In i future articles perta'ning to the war,! and possibly I should apologize for j making this one- bristle with so much war talk. Bv LIEUTENANT-COLONEL J. A WATROU8, United States Army. MIL qi lf UK'S MISSION TO ENGLAND An Kplandr of tbr Cnnfrderatr Secret Service. j I had served in the f'onfederate army In the Monticeiio Guards, Com-: pany A, Nineteenth Virginia Infantry.! from the opening of the war, but at the time of this ndventure i hid been out of the military nervlce for several months. H?ing la Richmond in the latt or part of 1S64. 1 was introduced to Mr. Judah P. Benjamin, Secretary of State, by my friend. Colonel W. R. t.iiinkurd. who had been chief clerk In the United States War Department tinder General j?iim H. Floyd, but wh.>; hu?l returned to his native State. Vir- J ginla, at the outbreak of hostilities.! and at that time occupied a position lu the Confederate departmental ser vice, My introduction to the secretary was flattering in character, and tho ! intet view was correspondingly cordial; ami pleasant. Mr. Benjamin nske?i many ?ttiestlons. and appearing to be! Impressed immediately an?l particular- i ly by the fact that 1 was an English- ; ; man by l lrth. and still a British sub-| Ject. he Inquired whether it would he agr< cable to mo to make a Journey to I England In aid of the Confederate government, in ease it should be found desirable to call upon me for such purpose, BeinK then a comparatively young man. and not Indisposed to pay-I Ing a visit to rny native land, even ? . though some adventure should be In- ; . volved. l rea?l|ly assented, gave him nn address where 1 cotihl be reached promptly, and at the close of the In- , tt view left him with the understand-' ing that he would communicate with! me. If and when the occasion for my | services should arise Some weeks having passed without] reminder, the matter had about passed'; out of my thoughts, when, early In j January, im;:., i received a request to call at the office Of the Secretary of State, then located on Bank Street, between Tenth and Eleventh streets, i Alter a brief Intel view, in which ij j was informed that the time for! J utilising my services had arrived, and ' i that the duty would be Imposed upon; , mo of making my way through the, enemy's lines, thence to England, and ' there delivering cortnln important ? ! papers or communications which would I he intrusted to me Mr. Benjamin gave j I me a letter to Major Morris (whoseI j initials I have forgotten), who. 1 In-1 ferret! from what Mr. Benjamin said,' was chief ,,f. or nl least a responsible officer in ttie Confederate secret sor | vice. 1 lit once railed at tho office of Major Norris, also on Bank Street, j near Ninth, and after some convor ' sit lion, in which he appeared to bo I satisfying himself ns t?i my illness for Htlcll .t mission as whs in contempt.i I lion, lie directed me to report to him ' a few <ln>s laler, when he said ho i would be ready for me. On the day named 1 reported |n ! Major Norris at his olilce and received I from him certain sealed papers to be, j delivered in England to the persons to whom they were addressed, together with a bundle of private corrcepond I eice. which he ha?l undertaken to pass i through the lines for private persons. ' Tho private correspondence was to be deposited in the United Stntog mails on the other side of tho llnec at the first snfe opportunity. An the first nltt-mpt proved abortive, mention of the directions given to me then is immaterial. 11 Is sufficient to any that I proceeded at once to tho Po? tomac Hlycr at Maddux Creek, near Onk Grove, in Westmoreland county, being forced to overcome some more or less difficult obstacles on the way. ^Tho -weather in January of that year was so severe that tlio" Hats on both shores of tbe Potomac were hard xroscn, nnd tbe boats Of the; Confed? erate Hceret service could not make the passage. Tho channel of the river wan with difficulty kept open by the vessels Of the United States. However, I waited several days In the hope of being able to cross, staying during that time at a farmhouse In sight of the Potomac, where I received daily reports of the conditions of the river ami r.f the prospects of setting across. At the same house was staying an In? telligent, attractive woman, whom, be? cause of some of her actions, I sus? pected of being a Federal spy. 1 spent my time In acquiring ail avail? able information that might be of any value. l,ut when I realized that there was no prospect of being able to gain the Maryland side within a reason? able lime, I determined to return to! Richmond. This I did. delivering to! Major Norrls the papers and docu- J ments that had beep, L-.truntcd. to mo! by hi in About the last week In March I was called upon by Major Norrls to make another start. As In the former Instance, he eave me considerable prl- ; vate correspondence to he disposed of! as I had been Instructed on the occa- | slon of the former attempt, and the official correspondence which was Ihn - purpose of my Journey, and which ij I was to deliver personally In F.nuland. ! j That which I thought was tho prln-l elpal dlspat'-h was addressed to Hon. 1 Colin J. Mneftae. In the rare of1 j Krnzer. Trenho)rn ?: Co. nt Liverpool.! Mr. MacRae being the f'onfrdorate . Treasury agent at that port. I wns tri go to Maddor Creek, on the Pot'im: 0 River, where the Confederate govern? ment maintained a signal service, station, see there a Mr. Norrls. who had charge of the Confederate line of communication ?t that point, and ar? range with him for crossing the river In a. secret service boat. After cross-j Ing the Potomac I was to make my way as best I could, and as the clr-; cumstances might indicate, cither to Wanhingten or to Baltimore. Major Norrls also furnished me with the names of several persons on the Mary- j land side along the line of my prob-1 able route, to whom 1 might apply In case of trouble or need of assistance, among whom the only one I cr.ri now recall was that of John Ri&don, at Allen's Fresh, Md. Saturday morning, April 1, 1856. 1 was ready to undertake the Journey, and wa? standing at Broad and Seventh Streets, tuen' the station of! the R., F. & P. It Hallroad. waiting for tho train to start me on my way, when 1 was accosted by a OaplaUi Rott (I have forgotten his initials.), who Introduced himself to me. Indi? cating by his manner more than any? thing else that lie had some knowl? edge of my mission. He informed rue that his wife, who was a daughter' of Dr. Herndon, of Frederlcksbui B, j and a Miss Sally Stevenson, sister of j Ueneral C. L. Stevenson. were on-1 deavorlr.g to get through the lines to Canada, and requested me to aid th?.-m I so far as to aeo them safe across the Potomac and try to place them in ; friendly hands in Maryland. This, of I course. 1 readily agreed to do. I found that thrse ladies fully under? stood tho dangers of the Journey, but: were bravely resolved to overcome ! any obstacle and contend with any | trial that might confront them. Wei went by way of the R-. F. & P. Kall ruHd to Mliford. having considerable trouble at both Noith Anna and South Anna Rivets, owing to destruction) of tho bridges, thence by private con? veyance through llowllnc Oroesi to Port Royal, there ferrying across the Rappaiiannock to Port Conway, from which point we traveled across the; Northern Neck by private oonyevnncej to tl>e point of land where Maddo* Creel; makes Into the Potomac. There. , in an abondencd residence owrscd. I understood, by a surgeon in tho Con? federate army, we found a number of refugees seeking a way out of Con? federate territory. Our secret service boat was nowhere visible, and the ladies accompanying me binde the best of a none too com? fortable situation while I lookv*! up the Mr. Norrls to whom I had been directed. I found that the boat had been taken far up thei cree-k sind hauled Into tile bushes to avoid cap? ture by scouts of the Federal.*, who had been watching the point. .After wait of some hours tho boat np pea red. ; In charge of the signal oflloer, Mr. Norrls, and then our troubles of one kind began. Tho crowd we had already | found at the point began to raise a clamor to lie taken across tlv river, urging various reasons in aitpport of their claims, one lady, with two or three children, because she 'w-ns the wife of a Confederate Congressman from Kentucky, others because of con? nections of various kinds o? their husbands or relatives with our govern? ment. Mr. Norris declined to recog? nize any of these claims, despite vigorous protests. At the first oppor? tunity I took Mr. Norrls aside, inform? ed lilm of my authority, and explained my wishes with reference to a transfer] of tho ladies who were with mc to] the other side of the river. After! meeting the Indies, who made a favor- I aide impression upon him. he agreed to allow them to accompany mr in the boat, promising that an attempt to cross would he made at midnight, if everything was favorable, and advis? ing mo to have tho ladies i-vndy to start at that hour, but under no clr-] cumstances was any Intimation of this, purpose to be Imparted to my one.; in midnight darkness we croused the liver, there between throe and four' miles wide, our passenger list consist-] j ing of Mrs. Hott, Miss Steveruson, Mr. Norrls. and Mr. Hurt. Confederate] navy agent, who was ibound vor llali-j fas; Captain Cone, a wounded Cohfcd-J dale Officer, who was dlsahled for] service and was endeavoring to reach his home In Kentucky; two sontlemeii ' auimeil Bucknor, and myself. Keeping' S sharp lookout against the danger of , ! detection and capture by patrol boais. : I we reached In safety the opposite I shore at the lower end ??f Charles! I bounty, ami soon found at a farm? house, to which Mr. Norrls guided IIS, I n friendly shelter and rofug?? for the I ladies, the host kindly undertaking I to take cafe of them until t'ney could : reach the stage from charlotte Hall , I to Baltimore. Having fulfilled my] promise to Captain Bott by placing, I the ladles In safety across the Po- I tomac ,nnd having a mission to per- | [ form which did not permit delay, I| ! there bade the ladles faroWol.i. I never j ' saw them again, but', as ah lllustrtt-1 ' UOn of the freaks of fortune, ninny i I years afterwards my eye full upon n ] newspaper item stating that Mrs. Rott and her daughter (the same Mrs. Holt whom 1 had left in a hum Ilde refuge | on tlic bank of the Potomaclhyvere the] guests of President Arthur at the] White HoHiEO. The explanation Is that' Mrs. B041 was a niece of Commodoro J Herndon,. a distinguished officer of thoj old navS , who was the father of Pres- i Ident Airthur's wife. Our party being too numerous to] escape jootlec, and being desirous of not attttnctlnK too much attcitt'on to myself. I suggested the wisdom of n, division Into two or more groups, each to pursue Its own way Captain Conol and .\Lr. lfart promptly decided to take their < buncos with me, and we three accordingly plunged forward on foot Into ?he darkness of night and tho difficulties of an unknown and miry rond. It wnB not long before the Strain) began to tell heavily upon Cap? tain ?Oone. whos.; sufferings were great. e:i dafter a few miles of labor? ious (travel, when v>e were approach? ing ? little village that proved to be Alien!8 Fresh, he waa exhausted ut? most to tho point, of collapse. He braceri up under my urging and help, and ;perh.aps also under the stimulus of sight of a faint light In the dis? tune*. When we. appronrhi-d the light it prjoved to he 'n the upper story of a tndbac. f knocked at the door bov- ' oral times without response, but at lenglr>i an upper window opened, and a voice challenged. "Who Is there?" Thinking we ought to lie nearing Alton's Fresh. 1 asked for Information of J'ohn Rlgdon. The voice catne back at once. "I am .lohn P.igdon; what do j oij want?" In rerpoi,.?e to my state merit that I was a friend who desired to talk with him, he came down at mire. I took him aside and told him wtvo 1 was, adding that one of th? gentlemen with me wns a disabled <'e>nf edera t? officer, who atood in need of rest and temporary shelter. He proved to be a friend Indeed, willingly taking Captain Cone under nts caro ejtd promising to safeguard him aa far es he could towards his destina? tion. After obtaining Information and advice from John Rlgdon aa to our surroundings and the road ahead of us, 1 gave him my hearty thanks, and. Iwing anxious to pet forward, Hart and 1 plodded on about three mllea further to a country tavern (the name] of which I cannot now recall), which, we reached Just bf the first light of] day was appearing. Being pretty well worn out. we decided to rest a while, i and, securing- a bed. we slept a few hours until breakfast. When I came down to 'breakfast I picked up a Bal-j tlmorc Sun. the first newspaper I had seen since leaving Richmond, and was astounded to tind in It the an? nouncement of the evacuation of Rich? mond and the retreat of Lee's army. ' This newa placed me somewhat in the, Bir. but out of the chaos of thought! came recognition that the word for-! ward was Imperative. At the breakfast table my attention was drawn to a stra:.ger who appear? ed to e? me very closely. Presently he engaged me in conversation. and began to ask rather pointed questions, among which was ar. Inquiry aa to the news on the "othir side." 1 turned his question aside with an expression of ignorance. Informing lilm that 1, was a stranger looking at some land. Apparontly ho saw through me. rorj alter the meal he sought me out and bluntly offered any assistance he could give ine. saying thut he was a soldier in the First Virginia Cavalry on a furlough, and that he intended' to cross the river that night and I cutch up with the army south of Rich-I mono. In response to the information] I then gave him that I deaircd to reach Briantown as aarly as prac? ticable he undertook to p*o out of his way to the Mage road and try to! Intercept and hold the etage for us. I or, falling In that, overtake the stage at Briantown ana induce it to wait for us there. Though he failed In this undertaking, l learned afterwards at Briantown that lie had tried to carry it out. It was a long tramp to Brian town, but our Incentive wan strong, and we thought me could make it. We reached Briantown pretty well worn out. and considerably downcast when we learned that we had missed the stage. However. 1 was partly con? soled and cheered by meeting friends there, one or two of whom I had pre? viously known In Richmond. More? over. I poon learned that In Briantown J was among friends, the sympathies ?f the people being decidedly with the Confederacy, loyal In the face of ap? parent disaster, and hoping for a turn in the title of fortune. At the hotel 1 became acquainted, and spent some lime In axretable conversation, with Dr. Mudd, who a short time afterwards was cast Into the national limelight. With the aid of friends 1 here rid iny nelf of the private correspondence that had .been put In my charge, hav? ing it deposited in the United States mall, and after a good and much need? ed rest I was ready next morning for the stage, and departed With the good wishes of the new friends. Among the passengers In tho stage was a man who was a bartender or other employe at the tavern conduct? ed by Mrs. Surest. All in the since were Confederate In sympathy, and showed dearly by their conversation that they were greatly cast down by Lcc'8 evacuation of Richmond and re? treat, and discussion Of the situation was constant and general. At the time it did not make any particular impression upon me. but in the light of after-Occurring events I have fre? quently recalled n very emphatic statement of the stage driver, whose name, Tom Horsey, hau remained in my memory. When Borne Of the pas? sengers expressed o fear that Lee's retreat miuht prove the beginning of the end of the Confederacy he broke In, Interlarding his speech with sev? eral apparently heartfelt oaths, sav? ing substantially, "Never mind. In a few days they (meaning the Federals) will bear something that will shake the country from top to bottom." This, conveyed no special inean'ng to my mind at the time, but afterwards I wondered how much knowledge tho people of that neighborhood then had ; of coming events. We reached Washington without ob ' rtrtiction or challenge, nml 1 went at once to the Avenue Hotel, on Pcnn '? sylvania Avenue, where l registered ! in my own name, aa from London, i while Hart went on his way. thus end ing Otir companionship. Having now reached a place of what i considered at 1 least temporary safety, it behooved mo to take though) Of lny future move? ments. The situation .of the Confeder? acy mailc me pause. I did not know whether my mission was really at an end or not. Richmond had been ovnc i tinted and Lee was in retreat. U Lee should surfender or be crushed con? tinuance ol the 'Journey to England | would be a useless waste of energy, j and In Mich case my family would need in}' preiiencty I took, lime to con-| aider the mutter, hut my course was decided for me next morning by a little Jewish boy. While I wus stroll-i in? after brenkfust along Pennsyl? vania Avenue, which was boiling with' excitement over the last thrilling! events of the war. now fast approach? ing lla crlsl?. my name was called by a boy about fourteen years of age, whom I Immediately recognised as one I of a Jewish family 1 had left bei.lud! me among the refugees on the south? ern bank of the Potomnc. Drawing; me aside, he blurted 0 it that detec- j lives wore looking for me. In re Bponse to my inquiry as to what.ho was doing there, ho gave me the de? tails, saying that when it was learned that my party had been takon across tho river it storm of indignation broke ! Out. Incensed by their feeling of helpleasnesn. tho next morning from a headland at the point the people left behind hailed a pausing steamer, which took them off and brought the wholo party up to the Washington Navy Yard. He further Informed me that the night before a rebel bearer of dispatches had crossed the river, and! upon the strength of her Information a party had been sent out from Port Tobacco to try to intercept us. I af? fected to trent the matter lightly, hut seeing In the morning papei e news. Item corroborative of many of the details of the boy., story, i realized thai if 1 would make sure of my own safety it was Incumbent upon me to act quickly nnd decisively. According? ly, having the official dispatches se? creted on my person. 1 at once sought on acquaintance whom I had pre? viously known In Richmond, obtained from him and ordinary business en? velope, tore off the ofilclnl covering from my dispatches, wrote in pencil the words. "Send inclosed to Hon. Colin j. MncRae. Care Frazer, Tren holm & Co., Liverpool," on a strip of newapaper margin, which I inclosed in the envelope with the dispatches, sealed the envelope and addressed It to a brothcr-ln-law In l^indon. and. hasten'ng to the post-office, dropped it unstamped Into the box, knowing that, according to the law and treaty then In force, unstamped foreign let? ters would he forwarded and double postage be collected at foreign desti? nation, I thought it best not to take the risk of furnishing a clue for my detection by buying stamps at tho window. The package reached its des? tination, and its receipt was acknowl? edged in an earnest letter of thanks, as I subsequently learned from my brother-in-law. The surrender of General Lee fol? lowed quickly, and a few days there? after tlio world was startled by the assassination of Mr. Lincoln. The ar? rest of Dr. Mudd and somu of the peo? ple whom 1 had met. and In whose company 1 had doubtless been seen, as well as the arreat ot many strangers at that place, put me In a quandary. It seemed to me that my safest course was to return to Virginia as early as possible. The war clearly was over, the (dtuatton faring the South, with Us, problem arising from the emanci? pated slaves, appeared serious, and my refugee wife and child placed in these circumstances tilled all my thoughts. Facing the situation boldly, 1 went to the passport office, then In charge of Colonel Pel our e, asked to | see that officer, had a short but pleas- i ant interview with him. in wh'ch I informed hur that 1 was a British sub-/ Ject that had never taken an oath of , allegiance to the United States; that 1 had a wife and young child in the interior of S.outh Carolina, for whoso snfety I felt much concern, and that. 1 deeired a passport to enable me to Join them. Reing apparently Im? pressed with my statement, he ordered | a passport for me to Petersburg. A large crowd of seekers of passports almost besieged the office. With sev? eral of them I was personally ac- j qualntcd, as 1 was also with their | reasons for leaving their country. One of them, whom I knew very well, nnd who afterwards became prominent Republican politician and ofllceholder in his e'ty government, asked me !n strong language what was my pull. Tho way then appeared smooth for me. but 'Washington was In a fearful turmoil, the discovery of the assassins of Lincoln filling and exciting the minds Of the whole community, ar? rests being made hourly with or with? out cause, and every exit being close? ly watched. Apprehension arose again, bin nt the hour of the starting of the steamer 1 was on board, and sought the seclusion of my cabin. The last alarm came about midnight on the steamer. At that hour 1 was awak? ened by a command for all passen gcrs to turn out and go forward for scrutiny. I then remembered that I .?-'ill had In my wallet u. letter of In- I troduotlon from Mr. ncnjamln. which I ! had forgotten to Include In the de-1 structlon of other papers that I hud thought might lie embarrassing In easo of arrest. There are times In a man's life when panic fear will grip him. That was my time. Awakened out of a sound sleep, amid strange smt round'nga and In perilous conditions, 1 was Rtunned and helpless for a mo? ment. However, wits returned, nnd getting quickly out of my berth and slipping quietly to the rear deck T toro til" letter Into minute pieces ttnd Cast them, unseen, I believe, overboard, but before they touched the water my fears made them wear tho appenrnneo of a ream of flying sheets. After that my progress was without event, and I arrived safely at City Point, whence 1 proceeded to Petersburg. JAMK.S M. tJCICKE. Petersburg. Va. ; Memento of n tirent Virginian, Whose I Scattered Letters Oncht to He Collected Arnop.fr the distinguished gentlemen from an parts of the country 'nvit.-<i ( to attend the urand banquet t-i be given in Washington to-night nv the I -National Democratic Executive Com-i [ mittee, was Hon. A. H. u. Stuart, of Virginia. Mr. Stuart sends the follow? ing response, which does honor to his head as a statesman and to Ills heart 8s u Virginian: "Staunton. Va., January 2, IRCS. "Gentlemen,?I pray you to accept my thanks for your kind Invitation to nltend a Istnquet to be given at the Metropolitan Hotel. In the city of Washington, on the Sth Instant, under the auspices of leading members of the Conservative Democratic party. "Under ordinary circumstances it would he peculiarly gratifying to me to participate In the festivities or thai occasion, and to enjoy 'the feast of reason and Mow of soul' which, 1 doubt not. will give zest to your en? tertainment. But sfTiiatc-il as 1 am? I disfranchised at! a citizen, dented Die ! political privileges which are accorded to my negro servant; repelled from the hall of the House of Representa? tives, to which 1 was elected almost by acclamation; my native State, the proud old mother of Washington and Henry and .IcfTerson. unrecognized, save as Military District Wo. 1-1 must confer.s 1 would feel somewhat out Of place at your hoard. "In former days, when I v sited Washington as representative of the people, or as the associate of Web? ster, Crlltende-n and Corwin, in the executive councils ot tho nation. 1 felt that. In the eye of the law at least. 3 was the peer of the loftiest In the land. I was privileged to think freely ! and to speak freely on all matters if public concern. Were I to loin your circle now. I should feel painfully con? scious of the difference between your position and mine. No military ordar can consign vou to a dungeon beyond the reach of habeas corpus, and no persuasive bavonets admonish you ?o speak with 'bated vreath.' With mo the case might bo different. But be that ns it may, while Virginia mourns l cannot rejoice. While the cypress encircles her brow I cannot twine tho myrtle round my own. "But may l not hope that the pres? ent condition of things Is temporary? If I do not misinterpret the signs of the times, the day Is near at hand when, by the mandate of a magnani? mous people, the shackles will be rtrlcken from the limbs of Virginia and her Southern sisters, and there shall bo given unto them 'beauty for asheF. the oil of Joy for mourning, and the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness.' When that glorious day shall have arrived I shall be happy to meet you and your feliow:patr!ots around the festive board, and on be? half of Virginia to offer a willing and hearty tribute of gratitude to the no? ble Coruervatlve Democrats who set her free. ?'Respect full v. vour -bedient servant, ?ALKXANDKR H. H. STUART." Leiter Kroni Mr. Chrl"!Inn. Editor of the Confederate Page, Tlmes Dlspatch: _. . , ' S*r, ? I notice In The Tlmc3-Dl*patch I a very ?arnest appenl from Mrs, W, I c N Merchant for the Rhlloh Monu 1 men! Fund, and would nsk space for a correction of a statement In her .losing paragraph, that "No monu? ment whatever stands on tho Shlloh 'battlefield to mniYk the spot where lO.firin confederate soldiers are buried." as the Alabama Division. C 1>. ?'.. un? veiled a monument to Alabama sol? diers on that baltletleld In May. laOY. and is now working with the other divisions for a monument for all the brave dead nt Shlloli. As the daughter of a Virginian and tho wife of one. all that the grand old State accomplishes is a matter of pride to mo, and being a native of Alabama l am equally Jealous of her fame. Yours for the South. MOBILIA REDWOOD CHRISTIAN. .SL". Dauphin Way. Mobile, Ala. .?"nie Voten of Mrck Family. in all England there is not a pret? tier stretch of country than that em? braced by the boundaries of Lincoln? shire. On the north the broad river llutnbcr glides swiftly to the sea sep? arating the shire of York from that of Lincoln, while the eastern shores are washed by the North S >a. Here In this garden spot of England a veri? table Eden, was the horn? of Adam Mock tho ancestors of the Meek fam? ily of America. He was of Anglo Saxon deacint, and also had a good constitution, lie was born about ltWU, and died in the land of his birth. When he grew to manhood, he mar? ried a Misa Johnston, a lady of Anglo s,c\on descent. His sons were Mhthow (2), John (-). Jacob (Hj.Hls son Xiathew emigrated to Ireland, whero his child? ren married, this giving to thai branch of Mocks, an Irish strain. The other sons of Adam Meek-?-John and Jacob? hnd hoard of the wonderful country across ehe sea, and nvnnted to try their fortunes, so In 1719. they 1 ft (heir home in England and came to America, settling there In Virginia on tho James lliver. Hero probably John stayed, but Jacob married a girl of Welsh descant, and moved away. fly this marriage Jacob raised quite a large family, there lwtng ten sons and three daughters. His second mar? riage was to Nancy Du Vail cs, who was of French desrent, by whom Ivj had thro,, sons. The descendants of these Inter children possess the hern tagc, from tho French, of a prominent nose. Jerimlan was born in Maryland about tho year, 177$. From thore ho v.cut to Kentucky, and about l?07 went to Indiana, settling at Salisbury, Wayne county, where he became Judge of the probate ,-ourt. He wns also aiithoriz.il lo preach the gospel u, the Mel hod ist church at Greenfield. He had?Basil * Meek born !n Ken? tucky, who married Polly Irwin. Hv died In Missouri at the age ->f 70. Anna Meek l.orn In Kentucky, she married - . Parsons. She died In is.'.:!, at Greenfield, Indiana, Cornwall Meek born In Kentucky July 31, 1303. I lie married in Gr enil. Id Indiana. Miss j llotvena Purson, December 21, 1S.H. He j died in Indianapolis. Indiana, July 2.1. Indiana, Joshuu Mock, born noar New. b - ' t V.' ' Castle. Kentucky, August 24, isoc Ha marrlid Miss Juli? V RusseHe, Ho was Recorder of Hanctock county for 21 years. He ?Herl near Greehflold Elk county in 1SS5. Ills wife died In 1894. Moses Meek, l>orn In Kentucky, mar? ried BHio Meek, a cousin. The children of Jeremiah Meek, son of John, by second wife, Catherine Williams. Mary A. horn in Indiana, married William II. Sommers, died In isr>l, William .Melton Merk, horn in. Wayne county Indiana, 1822. died In 1S67, married Celia A. Hunt. John Fielding Meek was born In 1824, served In Mexican War. Teressee M?ok. b?>rn In Wayne county, Indiana in 1S-''J, died In Philadelphia, Indiana In 185S. She married John A. Mallory. .lared C. Meek, horn In Greenfield, Indiana, Juno 15. 1828, married Marthr Crockett In 1852. She died January !>, 1SS3. Secondly, he was married to Mrs. Rebecca (Miller) West, .lared Meek was a member of Company CS Fifth Indiana Cavalry during the Civil War. He still lives in Oreenfiold, In? diana, j, Kachel C. Meek was born In Green? field. Indiana, In 1S3<>, married Mi a .< Turk Itebr-i ea Ann Meek, born in Green Hold, Indiana In 1832, married John Miilctt first, and secondly Thomas Ostoorn, They resile in Greenfield, Indiana in 184-1. r<artndas Mjek, born In is"s, married Joseph Enstes. They reside at Mt. Comfore, Indiana. Wo are 8*0 glad we are able to pro? cure this for our Constant Header Hdltor. ltd I field. In the Nottingham Court records I find that one John !t< llfleld, certificate for land on Phillips Creek. AccomaC, 1631?h, he was not a redomptlonlstj paid his own way from Ixmilon. Then Thomas Pell and his wife Mary or (Marie Neil) or Neel were hit a bequest In the will of Krtward Ifarring ton, January .1, 11?5.1. of about J?0 at!"< a of land on Plillllps Creek, a p:i: of the John BolPs gram on which they were settled at the time of Harrington's will, they possessed an extensive tract ap? parently hy Inheritance, they sold ISO acres lo Robert Watson, 1?62, the boundaries1 show It lo adjoin the land descended to the present onTlter, the daughter or George Bell of the fifth g neratlon from Thomas and Mary. Mary (Nell!) B 11. widow of Thomas, deposed at lite probation of Thomas. Bell's will, she was ii year.* old. Apdll li;i;?, she arrived at Jamestown by tlia , -G. .Tgo," August 21. 1S3.*.. Thomas Bell (2), eldest son vi TIioj. and Mary- married Mary Waisot? daughter of Robort Watson. "| William Roll, the second son-of Tboaw and Mary, moved to uppor part of thdi Eastern Shore. ' Robert Reil, third son. died 1773J leaving n. widow, Mary and sons, Thomas, William and Nathaniel. Anthony Bell, fourth son. married Abgall Roach of Somerset, Md., Dec-. ember '-"?. 1687, George Bell, ttfth son of Thomas and Mary Ncltl, wan disinherited by his father, neverless, his oldost brother, Thomas, the hrdr and exeouter of tho estate, assigned to his loving brother Reo Bell, land on Phillies Creek near Matchcpany. Oct. 28. 1630. that land Included part or the whole of th" land which descended to tho present owners. Mattlc Bell. Georg? Hell, firth son. married Hannah; Rrlckhouso and had sons, Jonathan George, Josiah and Ezoklel, th?y wer? all gto-wn for October 20, 171?, their" father deeded them land severally, his will dated August 7, 17 21, was prob. October 8, 17 2H. George, son 'of George and Hannah,/ marrl'd l^>ah, their son Joab, bornj 1721 married Keslah died. 1794. will' prob. December 9, 1731. left sons Issacj . Qeorge and William, daughters. Dollys Sarah. Matthews, Ann Rogers, Ada c,|c:ison and Abigail. George, son of Joab and Kesiaiu. born March 11. 176?, married first Susan Bell (his second cousin) December 25, 179.:., soil Savage, born December 15^ 179?. married Elizabeth Spelrs. he dlod I sr. I. had children. Jamen Ewell, Susan, George, Martha, Naomi, Indiana, and Samuel. Margaret Spelrs, slater of Elizabeth,, married Major Wine she icft two ch Id-, rrn. Rosa and Henry Wise, Rosa left Eva Wise Kulford, the mother of Elisa-) beth and Margaret married secondly*, James W ^st James Ewell Bell, son of Savage and Elisabeth Spires married Ann Virginia, Land, 1851. Ann Virginia l.vnd was the da.ughtet< of Olive Woodard ami Mitchell Smith. Olive Woodard daughter of W'lllam and Olive Butt, was bom May 3, 1785 in Norfolk county. Vn.. married Mitchell Smith was hern. 1781 died 1816, waa son of John Smith and Julia Phillips*, hj cam*" from Kngland to Virginia, was a professor 1n the Norfolk Academy aald to have been related to Captain John Smith of Wllioughby England, who was active in tho first settle? ment of Vs. Edward Cannon Land was son of Captain Peter Land and Miss Keeling (whoso mother was a AVeeksl he was a son of Jeremiah Land, died. 1805, son of Edward, Bon of Ed-t ward lirat, son of Renalus, son ot FranJ els, whose win was; probated April 13, 1654. In records of Lower Norfolk. Now I have replied to the recent questions of tho party from Wllmlng ton, N. C, and as I am interested in) these people- In return would like to ask some of the descendants to glvo me what I yet lack. What relation .was Elizabeth Spelrs^ wife of Savage Bell, to Alexander and John Spelrs, sons of John, merchant of London, who married October 28, 1708, Isabel, daughter of John Twoedle, Provost of Peebles.' These sons corns to Vs., Alexander born September 14, 1714*, married first Sarah Carey, secondly, March, 17f?r,, Mary Buchanan. Cimber land county. Lund Grants, 1755, have Alexander Spiers 195 aerjs. \ 1 especially wish the descent fromV one ot these brothers to FHzabettU Spelrs. also to know something about? the ancestry of Miss Keeling, oCl Thomas Bell, who married Mary Nelll*. where they came from. If a con of John^ their arms etc. Where were the Lands, from? Ancestry ot Francis Land will] probated, 1654. DeBiro full name oCj I?eah, who married George Bell, alsoi of Keslak who married Joab Bell, were, any of theso Bells In the Revolutionary War, Joab or George? Something about the Woodard and Bell families* Address Virginia Wayne, Box, 255, Wayneshoro. Virginia. Antra and Juertem Mrs. T. R. no account o-f tho Hines family has over been published. F. R. S. Roanoke. Vn. Tho Shirley Homestead has been* written up ami may he found in Glenn's' Colonial Mansions, Somo Colonial Man? sions by Edith Tunis Sale, and House hoatlng on a Colonial Waterway, otc.,, etc. We can tell you nothing nhoutj Valentine Sh'rley. Subscriber may find Thornton family* In Volumes 2. 3. 4, 5. 6. 8, 10, in WMl-'I Ham and Mary Quarterly. fl R. R, T. Roanoke. Va. 1 The Bland g-moalogy may be fountfv in Bland Papers by C. Cambell, alsr>3 In the Critic, which may be found at! State Library. Editor Genealogical Column: H Noticing In your paper that bo manyV nsk for Information in regard to Kev^l olutlonary records I take tho liberty) of asking you to Insert tho foU'l lowing questions: Can any onisJ tell me or put mo In correspond ?lence with the Sale or any Sayle fani-! lly of Virginia. Can anyone give mn,\ r ivolutlonnry Information of Captaltv. Joseph Colliu, who married AmyMoselyj daughter of Edward Mosely, all of) Charlotte, county. Va., and afterwards' moved to South Carolina. Any Information along thesj llr.e.-j. will be greatly appreciated. Respectfully '. M US. MARGARET PRATT TIERSON ,f Box 4 IS Gaffney, S. C. Can any of the readers of tho GeueV aloglcnl Column, interested in tne Mas- ' sie family tell mo tho names of tho. children of Thomas Massle who mar*1 tied Mary Williams of Louisa. Ther*?' wns one Mary Massle who married James Timber! iko. who had brothers,! Peter and William. Were thera any i other children'.' 1 SFRSCRIREIt. ! Editor Genealogical Column:?I would^ like to have information about Chris? tophei Woodson, son of Miller Wood-' son and Mary de Gr.tffenreidt. Chris-1 tophcr Woiodson lived, married and) probably died In Richmond. Hi was an/ one time clerk of the county. If yoUi can tell me something tbout him ard', his descendants you will greatly greats. : |y oblige me. An Old Subscriber. R. F. D. No. 1?Box 100 Madison II tights, Va. Editor Oonfolagtenl Column: Sir?Tho, retards of the War Department show that one William Tod.I served In tho. Revolutionary War in Captain Potec Bryan Bruin's Company. 11. Virginia Regiment, commanded >v Colonel Dan isl Morgan. He Is shown to have un? listed. December "?, 1 776, and to havo died April 4. 1 7 77. The records also show that one W11? Ham Todd served !n the Revolution? ary War In <"apt un Harry Terrell'* Crnp.inv. also designated Ca.pt at rt s.iiiiu. : Colsion'a Company, 5th Virginia, i: ginient mtmanded successively by Colonel- i.'haa Scott mid Josiah Par. ker He enlisted March 9, 1776, and was killed December 10, 1777. If you. or any of your readers carti give me any Information -regarding / the desi end?ntsH>f thes? William Todd's) 1 will h<- glad to iinve It 1 am .-spec mil v Interested in knowing about the . forh.-.u s of Royal Todd. Richmond, and; I. t r.-Ht i . Todd, Montgomery, county,] Virginia. JOHN W TODD*; Staunton, Va.