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The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, June 18, 1912, Image 10

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1912-06-18/ed-1/seq-10/

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??segelt Dem?Mme<
publican 'Thiedes9 and 'Burglar
(Bitter Toward Members of Na?
tional Committee Who Hav?
"Stolen" His Delegates and
Would Wreck the Party?Be?
lieves People Will Condemn
"Monstrous" Actions of Taft
Chicago, m., June IT.?Following- Is
the address delivered, by Colonel
Roosevelt at the demonstration held
in his behalf this evening:
My Friends and Fellow-Citizens:
1 address you as my fcllow-KePUb"
llisns. but 1 also und primarily ad
virtss you as fellow-Americans, fellow*
? it liens, for this lias now becme much
?aofe than an ordinary party light.
The issue is both simpler and larger
than that involved In the personality
i t any man. or than that involved in
any factional or in any ordinary par?
ty "contest. We arc standing for tile
great fundamental rights upon willen
i.ll successful free government must
be based. We are standing for elo
mntary decency in politics. We ate
lighting for honesty against naKca
robbery: and where robbery Is con
<?? med, the all-important question is
not the Identity of the man robbed,
but the crime itself.
Fate Mutter? Little.
As far as Mr. Taft and 1 are per?
sonally concerned., -It lltao matters
v. hat the fate of either may be. Hut
with Mr. Taft's ucqu'cscence, or by his
direction, and in his Interest, his fol?
lowers have raised an issue which Is
all-Important to this country, it is
not a partisan Issue; It is more than
a political issue: it is a great' moral
issue, if we condone political theft,
if we do not resent the kinds of wrong
and Injustice that injuriously affect
tht wholt nation, not merely our Dem?
ocratic form of government, but out
civilization itself, ran endure. If I ha
methods adopted by the national com?
mittee are approved by the conven?
tion, which is about to assemble, u
great crime will have been committed.
The triumph of such proceedings at,
the moment would mean the wreck
of the Republican patty; and if BUch
pi...lings become habitual, it would
mean the wreck of popular govern?
ment. The actions of the Taft lead?
ers In the national committee, taken
with the active aid of Mr. Tafts pri?
vate secretary, and of one of Mr. Taft s
Cabinet othcers. are monstrous, and,
they should be indignantly condemned
by the moral sentiment of the whole
To-night we come together to pro?
test against a crime which str'kes
straight at the heart of every prin?
ciple of political decency ami honesty,
'tt crime which represents treason to
the people, and the usurpation of the
soverelcnt v of the people by Irrespon?
sible political bosses, inspired by the
Einlster Influences of moneyed privi?
lege, We here In this hall are en
. gaged not only In a tilt lit for thu
Tights of every decent Republican; we
'tire engaged in a light for the lights
jtif every decent American whatsoever
?his party may be. And. oh. my friends,
for one thing at bast we should be
profoundly grateful. We are more
fortunate than our fathers, in that
there is no slightest tingle of sec?
tionalism in the right we are now wag?
ing. The principles lor which we j
stand are as vital for the South as for i
the North, for the East as for the '
West. We make our appeal to nil |
hottest, far-sighted and patriotic I
Americans, no matter where they may I
Tatt Abandons People.
When In February last i made up J
ra;- n-.ir.d that it was my duty to enter
this light, it was after long and care- |
fu! deliberation I had become con- <
yiriced that Mr. Taft had definitely and
completely abandoned the' cause ot
tht people and had surrendered him?
self wholly to the 'biddings of the pro?
fessions] political bosses and of the
great privileged interests stand'ng be?
hind them. I had also becotfic con?
vinced that unless I did make the light
it coUld not be made at all. and that
Mr. Tuft's nomination would come to
h:ni witii.'.t serious opposition. The
event has justified both my bellet's. 1
very earnestly ask our fellow-progres?
sives who have supported other can
dldates lo.^f'inein.ber that one of the
cardinai.,.prj4ialpfeB of the doctrines
Which We hold <tn common is our duty
normally, loyally and In good faith to
abide by the well thought out and hon- I
estly expressed action of a majority. |
The overwhelming majority of the Re- i
3-uhlican progressives have declared
for me. It has become clear beyond
shndow of doubt that If I had not
made the progressive fight it would
have completely broken denvn, and
there would have been no substantial
c;.i."sltion to the forces of reaction
and of political crookedness. Let those
progressives who stand for principle
and who are concerned with the for?
tunes of any particular man only as a
means for securing the triumph of
principle ponder these facts and re?
frain in this crisis from playing Into
the hands of our enemies.
Mr Taft t.t first denied thai he rep?
resented tht- bosses. Hip denial was
of little consequence, for bis deeds be?
lled his words. But 1 doubt if at
present he would venture to repeat the J
d? nial As it has become constantly j
more and more evident that the people j
t.-'- against him. he has more and more
Undlsgulscdly thrown himself into ihe |
arms of the bosses. Merc In Chicago
tit this moment he has never had one j
chance of success save what was given
bj the actions of Messrs. Crane,
Bornes. Brooker. Pentose. Murphy.
Guggenheim, Mulvane. s*>.->ot. New nnd
tholr associates In cheating the people
out of their rights. He was beaten so
overwhelmingly by the people them
Helves in the States where primaiies'
were held thr.t in the last State In
which he r-poke. In New Jersey, ho
permitted himself to be betrayed into
the frank admission that he expected
to be nominated because he believed
the national committee would stand by
Jr.Im. One member of his own Cnblnet.
representing a state that has just
repudiated him. has been working hand
In glove with the other Taft members
r>f the national committee, under the
)e?d of Mr Crane, of Kansas; of Mur?
phy, of New Jersey, and Mr. Scott, of
West Virginia?all of whom have just
been repudiated by their own States ?
Ask Your Doctor
Stop? r<aiHr?K Hair
Destroys Dandruff
An Clegant Dressing
Makes Hair Grow
Ayer's Hair Vigor
J. O. ATM CoifPASr. Lowell. '.I....
to steal from the people the victory
which the people ha*c won. Last Feb?
ruary H was evident that Mr. Tuft was
the accepted representative of the
bosses, "f the men who uphold the
combination of crooked politics and
crooked business, which has been the
rhglof source not only of our political
'but of our social and industrial cor- j
rupilon. It has now, alas! become evi?
dent that Mr. Taft is willing to ac?
quiesce in and to condone nnd to ac?
cept the fruits of any course of ac?
tion on which these men embark, even
though such action represent treason,
as well as destruction, to the Republi?
can party, to which they nominally
belong, and also treason to the cause
of tile American people as a wholu.
May lie Decent tu Private Life.
Among the national commltteemen
who have taken part in this conspiracy
there are :i number o: men who In the
ordinary relations of ]|f?; are doubtless
decent nnd reputable. Probably these
men excuse themselves to themselves
for what they are now doing on the j
ground that they nre not committing
what the law recognizes as a crime. It I
may well be doubted whether on tho j
whole our country does not suffer i
nioro from the misdeeds of men who \
recognize as binding on their con- ;
se'ences only the. obllgutions of law
nonesty, than It suffers from the mis
deeds of actual cr'minals. Men like
Mosers* Crano, of Massachusetts;
Brooke.*, of Connecticut, and Nagel, of
Missouri, who trail behind their hold- i
er associates, such as Messrs. Penrose, j
Murphy, and Mulvane, uro doubtless ?
genuinely shocked at the misconduct
of a defaulting Vi.-ink cashier or at tho
action of some small election of?
ficial who on election day falsifies
tlte returns.
Yet the wrong to the American peo-1
Pie, the damage to the country ny.
such action as these natlonul commit-i
Icemen liavo taken in deliberately I
seeking to nullity and overthrow the;
will of the people legitimately ex- ?
pressed as to their choice for Pros'-1
dent Is infinitely greater than the I
wrong done by the templed cashier <u
i the bribed election official. It has lo
I in? i?e?n both a sad and a strange!
'thing to see> men hitherto esteemed;
reputable take part in such action, and |
to gee it sustained by .similar met. out-i
side. I suppose the explanation must!
be found in the fact thai In the slow j
but general moral advance certain!
men lag a little behind the rate of :
jirogress of the community as a whole; \
und where their own real or fancied i
Interests are concerned, such men fail ,
I to recognize generally accepted stand?
ards of right and wrong until long i
after they have been recognized by
the majority of their fellows. There I
was a period when piracy and wreck-!
Ing were esteemed, honorable occupn-1
lions, and long after the community
as a whole had grown to reprehend
them there were still backward per
sons who failed lo regard them us]
improper. Ju the tame way. as late
as thirty years ago, there were many,
men In public life who, -while they
I would refuso to receive a bribe, did
I not think it objectionable to mve a1
bribe; nlihougi; now the sentiment :?
the community lias grown so strung!
that it is no longer possible to ex- |
etiso the bribe-giver any more than ;
, the bribi -taker in the saun- way there!
are still In certain parts of this coun-]
I try representatives of a class far from
j uncommon a quarter of a century ago.
a class which regards an election as
la game without rules, in which It is
.J merely a siKn of cleverness to swindle
nnd cheat. Ev'dcntly .the mujor'tv
I of the men whose netlons wo com
'[plain of on the national commltt>>?
still occupy this attitude toward hom
.Inatlons. although some or them may
I have passed beyond it as regards elci ?
i tlons. But on the committee, and os
? Boclated with the men who assume
j to be respectable, there nro eel I Mil
; representatives of Mr. Taft whoso
presence gives r.s cause to wonder
whether there are not fur worse In?
fluences behind the acton of the COm
; inlttee than any at Which I have
j guessed. Mr. Stevenson, of Colorado,
I has appeared on the committee now.
i holding the proxy of one-Of Mr, Tait'S
I delegates, now that of another. .fudge
Ben it. Llndsey, in his i.k. ?'The.
I Beast arid the Jungle," has given ?
I very graphic account of Mr. Steven
I son's political ucr-.-tti. s |p Denver, i
very greatly wish that every decent
man n this country, every pla'n.
right-thinking citizen, who Is in doubl
n? to what the representatives of Mr
Taft have done- on the national com?
mittee, would read this book Of .Iigigi
Lindsey's. in especial lei him study
the part In wh'ch Judge Llndsey refers'
to Mr. Stevenson, and then let h hi
think for himself just what it means
when Mr. Taft and his associates ac?
cept the help of Mr. Stevenson and
iinpoit him from his own State of
Colorado to ac' for other States on the
national committee as one of the ablest
men engaged In the movement to rob
the people, of their rigbt to rule them?
No Ordinary Contest.
Our opponents hero In Chicago to-day
have waged such a bitter and unscrupu?
lous light for the very reason tnat this
Is no ordinary factional contest. The
big bosses who control the national
committee represent not merely the
led captains of mercenary politics, but
the great, crooked financiers, who stand
behind these I, d captains. These polit?
ical bosses are obnoxious in themselves,
but they are even more obnoxious be?
cause they represent privilege in its!
most sordid and dann? rous form. The
majority of the national committee, In
deciding the cases before them, have
practiced political theft in every form
from highway robbery to petty larceny,
and political theft Is its dishonest as
and more damaging than ordinary
theft. There is no law to reach the
offetis. s they have committed, but mor?
ally these offenses are far more serious
from the standpoint of the national In?
terest than any of the ordinary commer?
cial or political offenses Which expose
tile perpetrators to b< brought before
the courts of justice. The committee
men responsible for such action need to
be taught that the national committee
was created t.? be the servant und n'>l
the master of plain men inn! rut n who
I make up the bulk ol the Republican
party. The party belongs 10 the mil?
lions of the rani; and tile. It ?Joes not
belong to the handful of politicians'
who have assumed fraudulently to up-!
tin v . ..: i . ank i nd :.: ? The
A Physicians Report on
! Tuoerculosis Medicine
I "Have uied Eckmsn'n Alterutlve In ??v
er?I ease* 01 tubercular elands of the neck.
v.it>, excellent results every time, in one
, caea It 1 oat hie W>. for the gm wo? pul
on it only until she could arrange to he
' operated on, and In a short t'.me an npera?
' tion was not need*.I I adppoae jour rec?
ords are Just ;is line .ir of old. You know!
my faith In It."
'Original of physician's >rter on file) 1
1 Eckman'a 'Alterative is effective in otber
;..r.-i ? 1:1? 1 unat Mrs Oarvln says:
Idaho Kalis. Idaho,
"(lent It men: I hove gained twenty-two
.pounds ?'.ur.e !n<t February and my baby
Is In perfec t health. Mile Is now four '
months I.hl. t do not i'iugh -or raise any.
Illing il all. f heljcve my lung trouble I?
' cured."
IfHIgned Affidavit) MRU. M. II.- OA PA'IN |
( Eck man's Alterative Is effective In I tr -;
jrhlth-. Asthma. Hay l-'ever. Throat and ItUnS
1 Trouble*, and in upbuilding the system,
I Does not contain poisons, opiates or hunit
? forming 'im^s f?i ?:>!?? by oweni & Minor
i'l l. ' ? ..? r leading druggists. Ask
I for booklet telling ?r recoveries und write
I m 1; i.inan 1..Iiory, Philadelphia? Pa,,
for additional cvldvmc.
act;on of these men Is in no sens,? "reg- |
ular," as they claim It to be. They In
iio way represent the people, they in'
no way represent the rank and Rio of;
the Republican party, and theft and tils
honesty cannot givo nnd never shall I
give a title t., regularity, iinu thous?
and and seventy-eight men are to meet
hen- in convention to decide the future
Of the Republican party. At least seven
out of eight o: those among them who
really represent the people are against
the nomination ?,< Mr. Taft. It is the
duty of nil of them, their first duty, to
throw out of tconvention every man
fraudulently seated there by the na?
tional committee. Tho fraudulent
Taft delegates whom the national com?
mittee ?.>at<.i. ? ,-? instance, from Cal?
ifornia, from W . nington, from Indiana,
from Kentucky I om Michigan, from Ar?
izona, from Alabama, from Texas, rep?
resent nothing hat the deliberate at?
tempt by cert a discredited bosses to
upset the freu ind honest expression
of the people's will.
These fru id ll< i t Taft delegates were
beaten by the ters of Washington, of
California, of Texan, of Arizona, of In?
diana, of Kentui ky, and then they were
seated by t:.- discredited political
bosses, who h i.l Just themselves been
beaten by ti..- people of their own
states, in Massachusetts, In New Jer?
sey, In Penns: Ivanla, In West Virginia,
in Kansas, In --.ourl! Messrs. Crane.
I'enrosc and company were so discred?
ited in the < ? >f the Republicans of
their own Stolen that they were beaten
as delegates t-. the convention, and yet
they arrogati I themselves the right
to s,.,-,t jn the convention the delegates
whom the Statt of Washington, Cali?
fornia. Arizona ivxas and the rest have
p.st lieu ion at t . j.olls. If the conven?
tion proves f.;i-. to 'be cause of the
people, it ;? -.ids the will of the
bosses, whetht .-t unbeaten, as In New
York ami Ci do, or beaten, as In
Massachusetts ,.j New Jersey. Peiiri
Hylvnnln and i. insas, It will wreck th?
j Republican pari . it will put back tiiu
leans,- of dem icy, it will be false to
? very prln .; .,f honor nnd Justice,
it cannoi witi honesty or propriety
stand in nuj iapo or wny tor tho
; aril.hi of I ? iloiiai committee, nei?
ther by ,? thaj committee's
nomine,. f-,i t mporhry chairman nor
by a ccpttng decision' as to tho
? Uli..- ..i, : . .ting of contested del?
egating;- TI en ever has been a clonr-;
er line-up than '.his between the plain
people 'if lb. - .ntry on tho one sldo
and on tl.ti . ino powers that prey.
tin- represent!)ti ..s (,t special pr'vlleg* j
, In the-world of mstnessarid their tools
and Instrument.. ,? the world of poli?
tics. There ran be no compromise in'
BUCh a contest it is natural that the,
roprcsentatl' - ' special privilege, who
know ih&.l privilege cannot con
llnile II tin ;,. really rule, should
>rt l . ,.)y to every kind of
trickery nnd ill honesty In order to
perpetuate th< ., ??|,i upon the party
and should r-agor callously to do
strnythe Pan ? not to prevent Its be?
ing controlled ,ts rank and nie. Rut
fbt Ihl* ,,,, We feel we have a
rlghj tolcmnlj appeal to ull honest
men to stand with he un what has now i
become n naked issue of right and'
I wrong. There can be no yielding, no
flinching, on our part. Wo have the <
? people behind us overwhelmingly.
We have Justice and honesty on our I
side. We are warring against, boss-j
Ism, aga'nst privilege social and In- |
duatrlal; We are warring for the ele?
mental virtues of honesty and de?
cency, of fni: dealing as between
man and man; we are warring to save
the Republican party, and the only
reward wh'ch we ask is to put our
i party In such shape that it shall be ;
of the highest poss'ble service to the ;
people of the United States.
What Fight In For.
Now let us consider what this light
has been tor. The Issue has beeil I
sharply drawn not merely '?>;.? t ..
words of Mr. Taft and of myself and i
of oar supporters, but by our several
actions. I have stood for the right
of the people to rule and for their]
duty so to rule as to work for moral
political and industrial justice. Mr.
Taft has no less explicitly stood for
a government of the people by what *
he eal.s a "representative part"
of the people; nnd while he has, of
course, stated In perfunctory fashion
that he favors Industrial justice ho
hus Violently opposed every practical
method rtrtvanced fop actually doing
away with Industrial injustice, for
actually driving privilege out of its
Ihtrenchmenis nnl for actually equal
Ising oprort unity. At the present
moment we see before our eyes here
In Chicago just exactly what Mr.
Taft's doctrine of government of the
people by a ??representative part" of
' the people really amounts to. Eight
years ago I received electoral \ .>ti s
from thirty-three States In twenty of.
these States direct primaries have I
; been held, or if not direct primaries!
1 nl least primaries sufficient to give .
tho people a reasonable chance to ex- .
j prent their preferences. In these!
.twenty States, where the rank and file;
? of the Republican party had a chance
to express their preference I won 2051
delegates, Mr. Taft 67. Mr. La Follette I
36, That is. In those States which '
went Republican eight years ago. Mr. j
Tnft obtained between one-seventh i
nnd one-eighth of the delegates where j
Ihe people had a chance to express
their will. These primary States are
scattered everywhere throughout the i
! country, from Maine to California,'
land It ia impossible to doubt that they j
, give an accurate measure of what the'
! vote In nil the Republican States j
would be if the people had been al- !
lowed a chance to vote. Hut Mr.
Taft's representatives, wherever pos?
sible, prevented the adoption of u
J primary law. They prevented It in
Michigan, for Instance; they prevented
it in Montana.
Without question. Montana nnd
Michigan would have gone for us at
lonst as strongly as Illinois or Ore?
gon had there been a primary law.
Before the people of either State, Mr.
Taft did not stand the chance to net
a single delegate. Iiis led captains
recognised this fact and prevented tin
people from voting; lie and they dis?
trusted the people, with reason; and.
with equal reason, they trusted the
professional politicians; and. In Mon?
tana und Mlch'g.m Mr. Taft won del?
egates, to the snickering delight ol
every friend of privilege and bosslstn
In the land, whose relish Is p? ciuiarly
keen in seeing delegates won against
the will of the people.
How Mates I.lne(i t'p.
These Republican primary Mates
cast over two-thirds of the Republi?
can vole in the electoral college. In
them the people spoke. 1 iley went
for me. and still more over?
whelmingly against Mr. Taft. In
the other Stales that went Republi?
can eight years ago no primaries were
held, and In all but onu the politi?
cians had nearly complete sway. In
these States Sir. Taft secured 17ft
votes. I secured I". Mr. Cummins 10.
Of the Republican States, therefore, i
received the overwhelming majority ul
the delegates wherevei the people could
express themselves, and taking these
States all told In spite Of Mr. Tafts
triumphs In the Stales where there were
no real primaries. I received 435 del?
egates (Including thoso which Hie na?
tional committee has stolen*, as
against Ihe 213 for Mr. Taft, tne 30
for Mr. La Kollcttc and the 10 for
Mr. Cummins. To ]>ut 't in another
way. 1 squ&rcly carried twenty-one of
the old Republican States, and these
States cast jft:i votes In the electoral
college?within three of a majority of
the total electoral vote Mr. Taft
carried enough States (where there
were no primaries) to give hlrn sit
electoral votes, Mr. La Kollette car
lie,1 two States with is electoral
votes, Mr. Taft and Mr Cummins di?
vided one state with l"- votes There
remain States which, although pern;
ocratic at the last election, contain a
gnuine Republican parly, states !Iko
North Carolina and Oklahoma, where
there were primaries, and where I
carried every delegate except three.
it thus appears that in the Repub?
lican States Mr. Taft was beaten two
to one. und that In the Republican
States which held primaries where th;
people < ou'...l express their dcsi.gks, ho
was beaten by over seven to u.i*. 1
call >our attention to one s'giiiflrinnt
f'.-atjre in t:.' attitude of the Tall
!>. i. i .s 'is chronicling Mr. Taft'sj v c
tnlle, end d o, als. Wh.-never ll'tcir
headlines announced n defeat for Mr.
'.'lift It meant Ihnt there had been a
vote by the people themselves In a
primary Stale. Whenever during the
lust ten days they have announced a
victory for Mr. Tnft It lias meant that
Mr. Tuft's representatives in the na?
tional committee have thrown out
delegates elected by the people at
Ici'ge to re.:resenl thorn. My v'. lories
have been won before, the and by the
pi ople. Mr. Tiift's have been won by
the blisses and by the representatives
of special privilege, by the national
committee nnl by lioss-controtled con?
ventions of machine politicians. I
carried Washington at the polls, he
?arried 11 before the natir.ua) com?
mittee. He never has had, alid has
not now. a chance with the people;
nnel 1 have Just as little chance
wherever the crooked type of poli?
tician has power. If I am nominated
it Will he because whenever they had
h chance the verdict of the people ex?
pressed In millions of votes has been
over two to r.ne in my favor. If
Mr. Tnft is nominated it will mean
the ruin of the Republican party; Ihe
roll call of his delegates as prepared
by the national committee consists,
Ilrst. of delegates from Status that
never cast a Republican electoral
vote: socond, of boss-controlled dele?
gates i from States where the Repub?
lican voters Wore not allowed to ex?
press their preference: third, of dele?
gates stolen from me; and fourth, and
least in importance, of the delegates
given him l.y the people?tho-' last,
Fate of President and Himself Is
of No Consequence, but Nation
Must Be Saved From Iniquities
of "Powers That Prey" and
Threaten Very Existence of
Republican Government.
who are the only delegates to whom
he has any olnlm In right or morals,
representing- but one-eighth of his
strength, the other seven-eighths re?
presenting the unscrupulous use of
patronage In the .South, the unscrupu?
lous tactics of unprincipled machine
politicians In the North, and the
naked thefts of the- national commit?
Tuft'n Theory In Prncilc*.
I/Ot mo give you two ?Irlking Illus?
trations of how Mr Taft's theory of
government of tho people by a "repre?
sentative part" of the- people actually
turns out to be in nraotlci.*. In Ohio
a primary was held for the district
delegates: but the Taft managers who
had control of the State Central Com?
mittee refused our roqu.wt that there
should h? a primary voO? for the dele
g-atos-a t-largc. At tho primary' I beat
Mr. Taft by 47,000 In n vorto which was
about se per eent. e.f that polled at the
(aat election for flovernor. It was an
overwhelming repudiation of Mr. Tnfr
by the plain people, by the rank nnd
Hl? of this Republican part." in Ohio.
But this did not affect the State con?
vention. Mr. Taft was not above send?
ing an appeal to h-la loaders in thj
State convention begging them to give
Mm the vote anyhow, in Kpito of th/?
way In which ho had b.'en repudiated
Bt the poll*. In that convention th?
County In which the city of Cleveland
stands had some fifty delegates. Tnat
had go:io against Mr. Ta-ft about thr*?
to orsa; he had even run behind Mr. I .a
Folletb*. His repudiation by the peo
p'.e of tlio county had been so complete
that it Is to me hot rally lr.comrpr?hens:
blt ' ow any man witto&nyprater?iona'lo
honorable feeling co-i:d fail to accept
the verdict. Bui Mr Tail's lieutenants,
headed by Senator Burton, undertook
to steal from the people their right to
deliver, whatever verdict they chos?.
Thoir task was no moro r.-putable than
any form of burglary, and was far
more damaging to the OO mm unity than
burglary. They were amoceaaful. They
succeeded In getting from the city of
Cleveland, which h:-d repudiated Mr.
Taft three to or?? at the pol'.s, a delega?
tion of politicians which was ton -to -one
In his favor. Tai? delegation turned
the nr\\c at the State conver.tlor. and
earned Mr Taft's effusive gratitude by
stealing for htm from the people of
Ohio the six de'egatos-at-large. He
wan not entitled io these delr.rarc*.
Th.- people of Ohio, who >W?rH defrv i 1
ed tr? Ms Interest, wore j-ntitled to
th*-m. The p. ople were cheated out of
j tli-e-lr ilgiits. ti.*cause they were mis?
represented by the convention. Mr.
Taft asked the Ohio State Convention
to misrepresent the people, and It did
in:*:-.-.,re-en: the people. Mr. Taft :.- -1
never again explain what he means by
go\ernmen-t of tho people i,y it "repre
st?nta>tlvj part" e?f the people. He hut
shown in actual practice that he means
government of the people by poiitkMann
who shall misrepresent nhern in the
seirlsh lirt*-.r*st of some one else.
My second example Is the national
. committee itself. The recent action <-t
. tho national committee Illustrates
well what has happened In our coun?
try in the twisting of nominal rep?
resentative government away from its
.original purpose uril'l It becomes t:.-i: ?
oughly unrepresentative and mts'reprc
sentatlve. All tills party machinery waa
originally designed simply in order
to make the will of the party gen?
uinely effective It had no oin..r
purpose then. It ran have no other
legitimate purpose now. until within a
' very few years no man would have
been brazen enough openly to announce
that this was not its purpose. It has
; been reserve-! for Mr. Taft and his
. friends in this crisis openly to act
I on such an assumption. Tne other
, day thirty-seven of Mr. Tuffs ad?
herents on the national committee
stole from the people of California
their right to give tho votes of Cal?
ifornia to the men of tli-lr chotc-.
These thirty-seven politicians, none
of whom lived In California, assumed
to override the will of the quartor
of a million of California voters Who
had i ecorded their will at the pri?
mary. The thirty-seven men who do
not live in California have given
seats to frvo Taft men whom th?
quarter of a million California voters
I had refused to seat. These two Taft
delegates have no more right to sit
In the Republican convention than
they have to sit In the Dcmocratio
convention. They were defeated in
California by about "1.000 majority.
I a majority greater than Mr. Taft's en?
tire vote. Under the act of tho Leg?
islature, the delegates ran one ticket,
; the Taft and Roosevelt delegates
! alike binding themselves to abide by
tho result. No delegates were elect?
ed by districts. Mr. Taft sent an
! urgent appeal to California just be?
fore the primary election, an appeal
which showed his complete acquies?
cence In what was done, and unless
he was prepared then to protest
I was dishonorable to protest aftcr
; wards. Vet on the plea of a bench
j man Of Mr. Patrick Calhoun's, thlrty
I seven adherents of Mr. Taft on the
national committee robbed the people
! of California of their rights and
j seated the two Taft-Cnlhouu dole
' gates. Of those thirty-seven men.
! four '(represented tto Territories of
i Alaska. Hawaii, the Philippines and
I Porto Rico. Twelve represented States
that went Democratic four years ago.
Fourteen came from Republican
States, every one of which had repudi?
ated Mr. Tuft and his commlttcemen
at the primaries held this spring. In
I other words, of the thirty-seven Taft
I men who in Mr. Taft's Interest robbed
tho overwhelming majority of the Re
! publican voters of the great Republican
j State of California of their rights, si.<
' toon represented no Republican electo ?
ral vote whatever, and fourteen repre?
sented Republican States whose voters
by overwhelming majorities had repu?
diated the men themselves nnd Mr. Taft
also at the primaries hold this spring.
There remain out of tho thirty-seven
only seven men. six of those represent?
ing States where tho Republican voters
have had no chance to express their
preference for 1'resldcnt. In other
words, out of the thirty-seven men on
the national committee, who In Mr.
Taft's Interest disfranchised California
so far as two of Its delegates are con
j corned, but one single, man represented
a State where tho majority was Repub?
lican, and where, when it had a ortattcc,
It had not repudiated both tho man
himself and Mr. Taft himself. Tho ac?
tion of the committee In seating Ihn
Tuft lelegales from Washington was
even worse, and In tho other States I
hnvc named It was at least as had.
This is Mr. Taft's theory of govern?
ment of the people by a "representa?
tive part" of tho people when it Is ro
(Contlnucd on Rngc Eleven.)

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