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Manufacturing, Real Estate. THE DISPATCH POUNDED 1SG0. THE TIMES FOUNDED 188?. Want Ads., Agriculture, Commerce. RICHMOND, VA., SUNDAY, JUNE 30, 1912. PRICE FIVE CENTS. GRASS GROWING IN OLD VIRGINIA Alfalfa, the Coming Money Crop of the State. SPLENDID YIELD IN NOTTOWAY COUNTY Farmers All Over the State Becoming Enthusiastic Hay? makers?Demonstrator Sandy Does Some Fine Demon? strating on His Own Farm. BY f'HAS'K S. WOODSOX. There: b.t s tome people In Virginia who dislike very much to htar good news about their own State, and do not want to believe that which is good when the news Is forced upon them. I It may seem etrang to the average en- , thuslast, ut the fact is I am con-! stanily receiving letters from diu- ! gruntlcd pc-ople who write to ridicule all the good reports Of Virginia proa ?p\rity th?y read In the Industrial Section, especially that which has reference to Improved agriculture, bet? ter farming and increased yields. These letters arc usually unsigned, but some. 1 are signed by the writers. One thing the crokors. fo: such , they art-, seem to take especially d';-, light in discrediting is the good story '. that is coming up from all parts of the ? .-t?te In regard to hay crops 1 have | such a letter before me now and en? closed with It arc clippings from two \ newspapers which go to show that ' certain farmers who ought to grow their own hay arg regular customers of the feed stores, corning to town to j i buy Indiana grown hay to feed their \ Virginia mules on. and then the letter writer goes on to say that Virginia Is not a grass-growing State, and "all the hot air you ran crowd Into your so-called Industrial Section will not I make It so" Urlarfatrr Day i in. Dawned. The fact Is that Virginia has not be*n. under the. old system of farm? ing, a grass-growing State, but tt has ' been Improving wonderfully along this line fo- the past several years, and this year the f.armcis of Virginia are cutting more fltst-class hay than they ever did before in the history of the Stute, and this Is the encouraging hews which raises the ire of the croakers. Thomas O. Sandy and hi* forty odd farm demonstrators arc preaching ana : practicing this doctrine, and doiim It I to good effect One of the lai^tst fnrmera in Fluvanna county told me two years ago that he never knew ; and never believed his farm would bring hay until his son. who is one j or the county demonstrators operating under Mr. San^y. convinced him by j making six tons to the acre, and now 1 this Fluvanna farmer buys no :no:ei mule feed from the fec?l stores, but Is a seller of hay hlmsel Reports like this come from all over the State, and any man who wants ir, be con? vinced can readily obtain correct In? formation that will lead him to be? lieve that the day Is near at h. ad when Virginia will be a great grass trrTrwing and hay selling b'tate. Welghta and Measures That Tell. Mr. Sandy has been culling hay on his farm in N'ottoway county, and he having told m* before hand that he was going to weigh it carefully. ] re? quested him to give jj-.c the particu? lars. Ho has complied with my re quest, and his l?tter 1? herewith glv . ?n: "I am sending you herewith a cou? ple of pictures t*kcn In the grass i fields, one of alfalfa and one of mixed grasses. The alfalfa was cut the first time. May 17, and after drying thor. j oughly It was we^hed as It was, hauled Into the barn, making a yield; of 0,125 pour.dB to tne acre. On June | 20 It was cut the second time, and af- j ter drying sufficiently It was hauled i Into the barn, making a yield of 2,- j 025 pounds to the acre. The cost of ; this alfalfa per acre was $28.84, this Included all of the work, fertilizers. #tc. "The mixed grasses weighed at first j cutting 7,174 pounds to the acre, of thoroughly dry hay. as It was hauled Into the barn on May 27. ' The seasons being propitious. Mr. Sandy will have four cuttings In alt. and will doubtless make between sev? en and eight tons to the acre, and hay Is bringing over $30 per ton. too. What Sandy has done on hts NottO way county farm is being done in var? ious parts of the State by good farm? ers who have followed the instruc? tions and the methods laid oown by him and his assistant demonstrators and can be done by hundreds of oth? ers. Whole State Getting In Line. Mr. Sandy writes further as fol> lows; "I find there Is more interest along agricultural lines than ever before The farmers are becoming thoroughly alive to the great need of raising their own hay. The. demonstration work Is showing the people throughout Vir? ginia and other States as well that we can raise as fine grass, In the Piedmont secticn especially, as any? where else. Last week 1 had four men from Tennessee to come to my farm studying the grass proposltl >n, They went from farm to Inrm throughout the State getting data and then they were to go back to Tennessee and teach tho farmers there how to do the same thing. "Alfalfa, I am satisfied, is destined to be the future grass crop of the State- In one county of Vlrclnla we had over 100 . farmers worki alfalfa last year unier demonstratjti"h meth? ods. Some eleJity. or ninety of these men made a sblendld success. "In Uoekingham county we. had twenty-seven men raising alfalfa, nnd twenty-five out of the twenty-seven made a splendid success. This fall we will have from 100 "to 250 farmers seeding alfalfa, from one to ten acres each, , "We expect to have. forty-five counties represented at the State Fair this fall making demonstration cx (Continued on Third foge.) HAY CUTTING IN OLD VIRGINIA IXC THE GRASS HOME. THE MODERN ALFALFA FIELD. MIXED GRASSES IX PROPVSIOX. THE OLD-TIME HAY STACKS. MOTIVE POWER I IN GOOD FARMING! - i Some Thoughts by One Who Has j Seen a Thing or Two. _ MACHINES DO MUCH W0RK; An Old-Timer Catche? On to New Tricks?His View?. Expressed. m J. St. B Eli I*. The writer paid B visit to one of the largest fftat'-s In Virginia a tew days since, an estate where In the neighborhood of 3.50O acres are under | ?^ilt/iva tlon. Mere the staple crops, such as wheat, corn, oata and hay. are raised on such a scale as to neces? sitate the regular impJoynfMU of "?ilte a large number of men as well as mules. The question of improved machin? ery of all kinds must l?e considered, with the idea of reducing running ex? penses, and this in.proved machinery I is used on every occasion where aval;- | able. Trnetlon Knglne and Gang flow. In connection with the subject ot better and more improved farm imple? ments on the arm. let me 6ay right | here that I went down to this place with the Idea of seeing a traction ?ejyglne pull *?ix fourteen-inch bot? tom plows at the rate of two miles per hour, each plow cutting Its furr.w at an average depth of ten inclies?any one of th?ae plows. It j detached and propelled by our long eareil. shear-tailed friend, the mule,; would require four of these faithful animals to pull It. Then there must, or should, be a negro plowman and ; a negro driver for each four mules. This would mean, under these con-1 ditlons, twenty-four mules twelve men and six four-horse plows. The] traction engine outfit, requiring two men. one barrel of 7-cent kerosene oil | per day. nlao some lubricating oil, and will, under favorable conditions, long rows and good looking soil, turn in tiie neighborhood of eighteen acres per day. Where rows are shorter or land conditions not so favorable, prob? ably from twelve to fifteen acres may be considered a fair day's work. ClIMt Of OUtflt. I understand that the cost of this outfit la about 52.S00. Tho running expenses are, barring accidents (which may entail repair bills), one tank ot kerosene oil per day and two men ? one to care for the eng.ne, the other to attend to the plows. In addition to the tine plowing this outfit does, the traction plow will enable a farmer to run a harrow be? hind the plow, thus doing double work, if necessary. The engine is ulso valuable In moving heavy loads or machinery about the farm or on the roads; also for threshing, baling and other work where an engine Is need? ed. Improved fanning methods are cer? tainly In voguo these days In Old Vir? ginia, and on the large estate. Buck land Stock Farm, In Charles City coun? ty, where the above mentioned plow? ing outfit Is being tested, about every kind of up-to-date imploment Is used I' (Continued on Third Page.) Tilt; KIW THAT BATS IT AM. Hlf.HT. VIEWS AND NEAR VIEWS; HINTS AND SUGGESTIONS Very Interesting Figures That Are Worth While?farmers uught to Pe Happy. Convicts Good Road Makers?Gjo? Water in East Virginia?Gocd Times in Oiu Virginia. BY FRANK S. WOODSOX, Industrial Kdltur. This ooIuiiid Is oiu'h t.. contributor! rvho haw noiurthliiK to ?n) of n sug? gestive nature, uud who art' %v|IIIuk (>' make hint* ami MtisrKeHtioiiK looking to the better development of the kuoii old State? of \Irgluiu. %Ve"t Virginia nnd Nor Hi Carollnn, nnd who can lioli) their suggestions down In any oue I*" hue tu from I Mi to 200 ivords. Stirb communications, uddreoned to (be In dustrlal Editor, ?111 receive prompt attentlon< I'lKiiren Worthy of Study. Then- are number of ,:ood hints in the following, which itake from Fin? ancial America, a paper printed in New York: "if each acre of improved agricul? tural land In this country could bo madv to yield only one additional bu? shel of produce. 12,500 evtra trains of fifty cars each would be required to move the aggregate Increased yield lil-;!iiv bushels of corn win make more net proilt In one year than a fifty-bushel acreage for four years? for about forty bushels yearly Is re? quired to come out even on high priced land Truths of this sort are what our farmers should be taught, and the only practical "Way to bring them to their attention is to go right to their farms and establish practical field demonstrations. "Quaillied demonstrations are neces? sary for such work, but their ex? pense has been fully Justified by the results following their appearance. More than 600 farm demonstruto'rs hnve been teaching farmers In the South In the last seven years, with excellent returns to the agriculturists: and. It seems, that sort of practical agricultural Instruction might be ex? tended to every county In our prin? cipal farming dtatos. Bankers' asso? ciations are agitating the extension of agricultural education along this line, and a bill Is . now beforo Congress through their Initiative and enter? prise. We indorse and commend their . work, and trust Its benefit will bo as ; large as their expectations. H Is I demonstration which counts every j time. K?rrnern Hove No Tears Coming. Virginia farmers have nothing to ? cry about in regard to this great question of the high coat of living. ; for, according to statistics published by the Department of Agriculture. I farmers are receiving more for their I crops and foodstuffs this year than last year. With the exception of cot? ton aud cottonseed, in wiilch Virginia ! is but very little Interested, the price paid for everything produced on the farm has increuood. Corn brought I the farmer nlmost .">0 per cent, more j on June 1 last than It did a year j earlier; wnoat, other grains and hay made considerable advames. Hops, beef cattle, veal, sheep and lambs ? show uniform gains not exceeding 25 j per cent., however, and at that not equalling the increased cost of feed? ing. Potatoes, sweet potatoes, beans, I onions, and even cabbage', all record advances, and thes't facts tend dlrect ? ly to show that the farmer?the origl '? nal producer?Is aiding to the cost of I living this year through his Increased I prices. In butter, chickens and eggs ! advances have not been so high, com I pared with last year. In view of all that has been alleged against the mia l dlcman and the several agents who ; Intervene between the farmer's door j and the housewife's kitchen in the j matter of making living cost higher, the. farmer this year Is shown to be contributing his share to the higher prices. .......I RnmN Mnklng Down South. The Atlanta Constitution has been j studying the good roads problem from i actual ohaervatlon and experience. 11 [has been noticing tnlngs In Houston (Continued on Third-Page.) DRINKING WATER j IN EAST VIRGINIA! - i Artesian Wells Being Easily j Bored in Every Direction. Furnish Abundant Supply. SOME DEEP BORING DONE <.iood. Soft and Wholesome Water Easily Reached, and Plenty of It. A. ?>ffers. of Oceana. in this ?tate. furnishes the world, through Ine, col? umns of the Manufacturers- Record, some valuable and Interest ng ir.for mutior, concerning the wrttvr supply in Hs.stern Virginia. Her; is hrs ui t?ci*: Water In Eastern Virginia for do i mestic purposes am! for farm stock is easily and economically secured In 1 abundant supply and good quality. I Tin- wells are either dug or driven to the depth of fifteen to forty feet, and an abundant supply of good, pule, soft water is thus secured, sufficient for all ordinary purposes, but hot BUffl clenl for manufacturing and Industrial purposes, in order to secure j sup? ply sufficient In quantity, and at the same time free from chemical ele? ments injurious to the boilers, deeper wells have been bored, even to the : depth of 2,000 feet or more. ?? ling j down to the granite foundation rock ; upon which the crust of the earth Is I supposed to rest, down to the Igne? ous rock. Wltnt the Borer? Found, j Such s well is now being buicd lu ' Berkley, a suburb of Norfolk. The attention of the writer was called to this well recently and a visit was j made, principally with a view to learn Ing the different strata penetrated by jthe work. The "log" of the well ro ! ferred to is herewith given briefly. It ; shows the thickness of the. different ! strata penetrated The well was sunk in a section which ' had been rilled in for many years. ai,.i j which was originally under water. The strata passed through, as sV?wn by the "log" kept by the engineer, follows: 14 feet of made or artlflcal laud. 15 feet white sand, i 70 feet blue mud. 21 feet fine blue sand. 12S feet light blue marl, I* feet light blue marl with sand In it. 1 foot rock strata j 2c0 feet green sand marl with 1 shells. ! 30 feet fine sand with black par ! tides in it. I 165 feet green marl, no 'shell? in i It. 1 foot rock strata. 11 feet black sand with flowing wa ; ter. 72 feet clay or gumbo j 1 foot rock. 21 feet red, blue and green clay K feet hard aholi rock. 3f. feet tight gray sandy marl 12 feet light gray marl, no aiad. 2 feet rock resembling granite. I 30 feet reil an I gray day, witl traces ot coal. 3 feet gray Band roek. IP feet clay with boulders. In lower L (Cotvtinucd on Third Page.) SMALL FARMS IN NORTH CAROLINA Agricultural Development in the Old North State Since the Great War. TENDENCY SMALL HOLDINGS; Conditions. Much the Same as in Virginia, With Some Nota? ble Exceptions. BY \V. J. I.ALCK. Th" tendencies in agricultural de? velopment In North Carolin aduring th.: past fifty years have been similar to those In Virginia. There .has been a gradual breaking up of large estates] and the developing of a constantly In- j creas'ng number of small farmers, j there la a considerably larger area| of unimproved land In North Carol'na, I however. *hau In Virginia. The pro? portion of tenant farmers la also j greater in North Carolina, probably j Idu.- to the fact that -otton is tho staple crop. I '1 he census returns of 1910 showed' jthut there were only 800 farms of 1,-j 1000 acres or over In North Carolina, as I j contrasted With 17u0 In 1S?>o. Farms , of .",00 to 1,000 acres were also found! I to be half as many in number us com-) pared with the period preceding the: (Civil War. The greatest number of I. orth Carolina farina In lOlo were j found to bo between twenty and fifty I acres In arcs. There were 7.".,ii00 of these In the census year as against only 34,000 in I860. There were also j>..' ten to twenty-acre farms, and 14,000 three to ten-acre farms in tho State In 1910, or twice as many of' each class as there was fifty years, ago. In other words, approximately on -half of the North Carolina farms! at the present time are less than fifty ! acres, and almost four out of every1, live farms are under 100 acres in area. ! Additional evidence of the d'vldlngl up of estates is that there was a! total of 254.000 farnir, In the Stale In ? 1910; and only 76,000 in ISO", in other words, there were 115 fnrtns per 1,0001 of population during tho last census, as against only 7?5 at the opening of the War Between the States. Improvement of I.und. During the past fifty years a much; greater area of land in North Carolina has been improved or brought undorl cultivation than In Virginia. At the j beginning of the decade 1860-'73 there' were 6.500,000 aorex of improve,! land I In the State. This area remained sta- j tionary until 1880. but during the past! thirty yaara 2,40O.O0O additional acres' have been brought under cultivation. Within the decade 1900-1910 alo.ie. I half a million acres were improved. ! Of the total farm acreage of North Carolina, two-fifths Is now Improved, las contrasted with one-fourth In I860. The average, farm contains eighty eight acres, of which thirty-five are improved. Vnltie of Farm Property. There has been a threefold increase Of farm values also In North Carolina slTVCJ the war. ns compared with a two? fold Increase In Virjrinla due prlnel 1 (Continued on Third Page.) ManyChangesThatHave Come in the New Development. SALE AND RESALES; GOOD BUSINESS There Are Some Things of a Local Character That Is Worth Thinking About. Industrial Development and Local Real Es? tate Stunts. There has . ecn a kind of summer quietness In tho real estate regions for tho past week, and yet there has been some right .lively things doing on the 'l'.iiet. They are very much on the e.uiet. 1 mean some of the big things that have been doing. To Il? lustrate: I heard on tiie curb that a certain deal had been made Involving more than a quarter of a million dol? lars, counting the swaps and the ex? changes and tho trades and all that kl i of thing 98 they might have been made going and coming. When I got down to the bed rock I found that nothing had really been done, but not less than three agenecies were In . most hopeful condition, hopeful as to developments that might turn out good commissions for themselves, and maybe u all of the agents got all of the ?inmlssions coming to them they may have a good Fourtn of July time. Ulg TlilngM Done. Unquestionably the blggi-st sale of the week wan that ot the three stores, 724, 72? and 728 blast Main Street. Tin? sale was made by the estate of Charles U. Williams, and engineered by tho real estate concern ot William K. Plzzinl Company, the motive power of which, in this particular deal, being .Mr. Frankl'n. A Timea-Dlspatch mar. who called on the Plzzinl nrm for information was Informed by the head of the same that he was not at liberty at this time to divulge cither the name of the purchaser Or the details of the sale, but volunteered the Information that the present buildings, which have been an eye-sore to this rapidly de? veloping section of Main Street, would he demolished and the property de? veloped along modern lines, as soon an the present leasea on the property ex? pire. Some 1.liter .New?. Later on. the Inquisitive man of news, learned that the purchasers of the prop? erty were Gilbert K. Pollock, a promi? nent member of the City Council, and Ike Kaufman, a Broad Street merchant, who knows a rrood thing when he sees It. Gilbert Po.iock has a somewhat similar eye. Anyhow. these two bought the property on what they con? sidered a good speculation, and a right good speculation it lias proven to be, for before the sun went down yesterday they had sold one-third of it for a mighty- big profit. Wiiat they propose to do with the balance 61 It remains t<) b,. seen, but It Is said that they Intend that tho old eyesores will fall down, and who knows hut what skyscrapers or something like them maj get thero In great shape? The one-third that tho new purchasers sold is said to hnvtf gone, to that good man Stumpf, who owns the good hotel adjoining. Pos? sibly he is fixing for enlargement. AH J Richmond is for nelargement, and that mar. Stumpf is a Richmond idea kindt of a fellow. Another Thing All night. The next biggest sale that 1 have heard of was that of the Woodbridgo I property, at the corner of Seventh and] Grace Streets This historical prop ety was bought by Ralph Levy and Richard Moore, and they bought It on speculation. I hear that they paid j I.S0.000 for It. and that they propose to.' tear down the old 1S11 house thereon and offer the property as a twentieth century proposition. I hear of a number of other local deals, but I am urged to hold diwn as to deals and as to details, for politic.! holds all the space now. To sum the whole subject up. tho deals In real estate In Richmond for' the past week have been very favor ablt to the folks who deal therein, butt they are very reticent as to details. Notes Here and There. Forced by circumstances beyond their control to move their offices from Elev? enth Street, which they had occupied, (as to the senior member) for forty three years, the well-known firm oC N. W Bon Son have taken offlcoa at 110 North Seventh Street. In a build? ing of their own. which was planned and constructed to meet the require? ments of their large and constantly growing business, and In doing so they did not ai ill overlook the matter of, comfort and regard for appearances. They also had a very cute eye to bus? iness. In that they recognize the fact that the real estate business is moving uptown The N. W. Bowe concern Is ! old enough u> know a good thing when it sees it. and it knew when to mova higher up. f. l>. Carneal & Son report several , large sales during the past week, among thorn being t'ae sale of the property 106 West Grace Street, at $ IS.000. Renting is still very brisk. The oM real eitato firm of McVeigh 4M Gllnn. whi.-i> hat occupied offices at No. ill] F..i?i Mum street since the firm want Into business in l<?. haa moved to the new offices. No. S North Eieienth Street, whloh location i? considered the be?t real estate section In the city, and hat always been known a* ihr real estate section since ths war. f. * O. Otting Straight. Columbus, O., June ?.-The Cheaapeak.4 ir. 1 Ohio Railway of Indiana has flied ap? plication with the Ohio State commission for authority to issue ll32.7no additional atoctc sn.t 'I939.O00 tlrst mortgage S per cent, twen? ty-year bonds, v.-" securities will go Into the rhfl^pcake and Ohio treasury to reim? ursc th? purem company for money expend nl on Improvements to the Chesapeake and Ohio of Indiana. The securities will bsji pledged under tho mS.OOO.Ofla Chesape-*" and Ohio mortgage. With these Addlttr issues Chesapeake and Ohio of Indiana have Issued H.I*-'0* ?toclt and bonds.