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How Great Ships Will Be Moved From Ocean t? Ocean
BY PRANK <;. CAHPKNTEH. Mlraflorea, Canal Zono, Panama. IAM writing thcso nOtCM this bright Sunday morning In the great lock* at Mlraflorcs. 1 am within eight miles of doop water In the l*ticlflo Occun and at the two flrHt great steps up which the steamers will climb on their way across to the Atlantic, lioyond this is Mlraflorea Lake, and at Mm end the louk ot Pedro Miguel, which, with Its boost Of thirty feet, shoves tho vessels to the level of the Culobra Cut, whore the can.il will bo uigllty-llVO feet above the surface of the soa bolow. It Is <iulet hero lo-ilay. for Lnele :;am keeps the Sabbath. The men' havo stopped work, the mighty cranes uro at rest and long lines ot earn loaded with spoil stand on the tracks. That bteatn shovel down there tit the right is black and dirty and It gives no Indication of the work It hus 'lone tlio pjst week. How hot the sun Is and how daz? zling! The concreto which walls tho look Is made of white snnd, and where It catches tho rays It la blinding. How high the walls are,! I am In a mighty chamler In which you lutild drop two city blocks of six-story houses and there would b<; still room to spare. 1 walk over to one side and look uo with my chin touching the concrete ?wall.The whole earth IS shut off. and the wall reaches tho sky. It looks like a smooth whlt? sandstone, put to? gether In blocks bigger than those of tho pyramids, hut far smoother and more closely lnld. It Is a solid wall and whs molded as such, the appear? ance of blocks coming from the Joints In tho molds. Midway Ln th? wall is an Iron ladder about two feet In width. 1 laboriously climb to the top and It seems au though the ladder would never end. ?I he Locks <>t ihr Caaal. The:** lock? are about the most ln t'restlag feature* of l'ncle .Sam's mighty Pahams works. The ditch it- ; i "lf Is wonderful, but Its construction I hau been merely a matter of blasting o;;t earth and rock and carrying them j into the hoilown or down to the sea. ! The rooks are remarkable creations In j that here man tries to Imitate nature Hnd he has built these gigantic rock masje.f, molding ee.ud. cement and rock Into stone. There are blx great locks on the canal- It does not sound big as I write It, but these lock? contain ce? ment by tiie millions of barrels. They | rave ship-loads of sand which has ' been t>rought from tho Atlantic and Pacific, and mountains of rock havo i been btasted out and crushed to form their concreto, Tho materials are now so united that they are one solid i etone. Let me give you some Idea of tho extent of the concrete alone. They contain over four million cubic yards, t?r enough of th's artificial rock to make a solid wall fifty feet hlyh. ten feet thick arid over Ilfty miles long. B?ch a wall would reach from Wash? ington to Etattimbre and havo ten miles to spare. Kach of tht*fn locks has a twin. Tho whole consists of two mighty cham? bers, the side walls of which are about fifty feet wide at tho hottom and grow n il rower and narrower a* they come to the top. where the w'dth Is e'ght feet. They are about eighty feet high. There Is another wall ln tho middle which Is sixty feet wide, and within these walls are the two mighty chambers which'are closed at each end by the gates. fio Salt Water In the Canal. So much for the outlines of the structure The foundations of th.- lo, ka are as complicated as a catacomb. Tbcy have tunnels and galleries run? ning this way and that, and !n their floors are many great hobs as big as a flour barrel where the water comes Into the chamber so fatt that they can be tllbd or emptied In the spare of eight minutes. The water Is ad? mitted by mighty culverts or conduits which run along the side. These are tunnels through the concrete construc? tion and they will carry Tlvcrs from l.ako Oatun to lift and lower the ves? sels. Von often hear it said that we are bringing the waters of the Atlantic and the. Pacific together. This is so only figuratively speaking. There will be no salt water In the canal except Ht tho ends. The locks will be filled with fresh water from Lake Clatun, and it will be the Chagres which we shall harness anel make pull up and l<t down the steamers from ocean t 1 Ocea n. But let ryte tell you more about these Mg tunneis. into which the water tlrst flows. They are so huge that >'oil could drive a caravan of elephants and giraffes through them, and the elc pnants might walk four abreast and not touch the sides, while n monkey stated on the head of one of the gi? raffes would not reach the celling. They would easily hold a Pullman train, and a brnkeman mlghl stand on the top and not ruffle his hair. These great tunnels or culverts are connected by pipes which run down In Ihr lock* ?l Mlraflorea. Tat?? hugr blick et a handle thr concrete Mj _ atrnoRrnPFicp ln thr rrnlrr, r.rreHns ? ?*<? might? (tnt< ? nt rinfun. to tho bed or floor of the lock cham? ber, and which ar? ko arranged that when tho water la let In It rushes uj) through tho openings and fills the chamber; tho water being held in by the gates. Italalng ihr ship* from the Pacific There are only two locks here at Mlraflores. The steamer comes straight In from the Pacific when the water In the io< k Is at sea level. This water )s salt. Then the gate at the Pacific end is closed, and in from the tunnel comes the water frcm the <ia tun 1-ake. having passed through the Culebra erut and Mlraflores Lake. It nils tli>? lock, raising as It does so the ship to the level of tho water In the lock above. The vessel then j asses Into that loek. through the gate facing the Pa Clflc, and It Is raised to the level Of the Mlraflores Lake and steams through It until It reaches the lock Of Pedro Miguel. Here, in the same way. It Is boosted thirty feet higher, to the eighty-flve-foot level of the Culebra Cht The ship now has a clean, clear .?-Teaming way of thirty-one miles. In? cluding the < ut and the Uatun Lake, before It comes to the Qatun iJ^m and to the three series of locks which drop It down to the level of the Atlantic. The matter Is simple enough. It 's merely like putting a block of wood in a tub and pouring In water to make it rise to the top, or like opening a spigot in the bottom and letting it dtoji a? t:ie water runs oat. The only difference Is that th<- block is small und it weighs but a few pounds, while this ship which will go through these .gigantic ha k tubs may he as long as was the Titanic or longer, and It may weigh tens of thousands of tons. The Olympic, for Instance, had a gross tonnage of 60,000, and, 1 urn told, ;t o il : easily past thrcugh. The uctuul dimensions of each of ihn chn.tubt.-is are 1.000 feet long. 110 feel wide and [more than SO feet high. f.ntes Which i nst ?5,000,000. The gates to these chambers are" even more wonderful than the cham? bers themselves. Tin- chambers urc- of concrete. The gates are of steel, and that in thousands, yes. In millions, of pieces, put together so tightly that they will hold these huge vuts of wa? ter, and raise and lower within them [vessels worth millions of dollars. Uut first as to the cost. I have Raid 15,000,. Tlie actual sum Is more than that. The contract for making them was let by competitive bids In which the United Mates Steel Trust and four others of the chief steel man? ufacturing companies of the L'n'lcd States submitted offers. Bach had to put up checks for several hundred thuosund dollars as a guarantee that It would carry out its bids, but these sums ware returned to those who failed. The lowest bidder was the Mc Cllntie - Marshall Construction Com? pany, of Pittsburgh, and its offer was 15,375,000. This was for tho making of forty-six gates, being on an aver? age almost JllT.e?o apiece. The sum seems great until one rea !:.-.- i just what it covers. It includes altogethi r sdm< thing like aS.Opo tons o steel mad- tip of tens of thousands of pieccS, some so big that it takes a mighty steam crane to handle them and others as small as is pin or a needle. Tor Instance, there are more than 4011.1101) pounds of steel bolts and nuts and n half-million pounds of nickel steel pins. There are millions of pounds of riveted structural steel fiver three million pounds of carbon steel castings and hundreds of thou 'I ?tu men ttIio hole much to rlo ttIUi lock building;. \? thr rlittM, Col? onel Mtlirrti nt thr left. In vililtr, Mr. Schlldhnuer, thr <-hlcf electrlcnl engi? neer. rand? of pounds of Vcnadlum steel, made up In an Infinite variety of parts. *ome Interesting; Hems. I have before me the Hems which 'formed a part of the hid. They In? clude twenty gates for lh>- Oatun looks, twelve for the looks at i'ecdro Miguel and fourteen for those here at Mlraflorea. Some of the gateH are sev? enty-seven feet high, and some as low as forty.seven fet four inches. Karh Is made In two leaves or doors, which swing hack and forth. Think of a door as tall as an eight-story house. Make It about flfty-flvc feet In width and you may get tome Idea of these mighty doors, each containing Its myriad parts of steel, put together , like a watch, which have been made |at Pittsburgh and shipped In pieces l down to the canal. The weight of the I biggest leaves is something like $00 [tons, or enough to form a good load for a dozen freight cars. Think of hanging gates of that kind in such a way that they can swing back and forth at a speed that will not affect the water? which flow In and out, and ot the same time quickly enough to allow ships to go thronen these locks within eight or ten min? utes, and you have some idea of tho difficulties of their construction. The Locks In Miniature. The government has made n work? ing model of these gates in the shops at Gorgona, and it will he on exhib? ition at the great fair at. San Francisco. I It is made on a scale of a half-Inch to a foot, and it shows not only the (construction of the lock chambers, but I the method of operating the gates and Contractors Attention Equip your new homos with Direct Action Gas Ranges and you'll find them easier to mit and rasier to sell. Get our figure on quantities. The price is right. Beautify Your Choose now from the great fall stocks of furniture-?they're handsome. You'll f.tll in love with them. Hundreds of pieces to complete the now home, in all the best woods and finishes. Every piece dependable?no matter how low the price. We make ?ood if our furniture should not. This is our guarantee. This and Other $22.50 Velvet Axmins ler Druggets for Low-Profit" Prices We .lim at Ijige sales by menus of low pri cs. Everything is bought in quanti? ties direct from tin makers to secure extra savln&s. Store economics every? where fuither reduce cost of doing busi? ness, Your dollars ac? complish their utmost here. Try US. Test US, " Glad to show you. Everything DinitiR Room Suits in ma hop.inv ami oak. Parlor Suits in all wood?. Bedroom Suits for the guest's room. Bird's-eye Maple Suits for the misses' room. Lace Curtains, Picture*, Mirrors, etc., etc. Try Us FIRST Around, Glad to Givo Prices other machinery. This model <s only six leet four inches long and right and one-half fe.t In width. It looks exactly like a lock In miniature with the Bates at life end. The Kates are perfect imitations, having pins for every rivet and Iii all about. 10,000 pins on the sheet copper which covers them. They are operated by a one-fifteenth i horsepower motor, and nre equipped with such devices that the operation is automatically controlled Just as it Will be in tho great locks here at Mir.nlores and elsewhere. Mom the Ship* Go Through. The vessels are not allowed to move from duo lock to another by steam. They are towed by electric locomo? tives, and there are a number of pro tt ? live devices to sec that they do not Injure the locks or themselves on their way through. There nre four towing locomotives, which run upon tracks on each side j of the lo. u. Two of them are fas- | tened to the front of a vessel, tnov- j lug It onward, and the other two are on the tracks at the rear holding it back so that It can go only so fast. The rate fixed Is to be two miles an J hour and the locomotives will prevent It being more or less than this. These locomotives will run on n level excepting where they pass from Olio lock to another, where they will climb up or down heavy grades. Be? tween the lower ami Intermediate locks at tJatun, for example, the (11 f fcrence in elevation Is over twenty nine feet. Thero nre to be two systems of tracks, one for towing und the other for the return of the locomotives when not towing. Tho towing tracks will have 11 centre rack, and the loco? motives will always operate on this rack. On tho return track there will also he a rack on the Incline between the locks, but elsewhere, the cars will run by friction. The motlvo power for runnlnc these locomotives will bo electricity, generated by tho spillway of the Ga I tun Dam. This, It is believed, will I furnish enough electricity, not only for all the machinery of tho canal, but possibly enough to run the trains of the Panama Haliroad. ? Chains to Hold the >hlp* Itnck. In addition to the locomotives, the locks have other means of kcoplng the steamers fiom htriklns the gates or going too fast. Among these arc chains which run across the lock chambers from one side to tho other. These chains are so powerful that they could slop a, 10,090-ton vessel going at the rate of four miles .in hour within a distance of sixty feet, with? out injuring either the ship np the chain. The chains run ncross from lock wall to lock wall, and from the approaches passing down into holes In the. walla In such a w;iy that they play OUt gradually when struck by the Vos sels, retarding then! and bringing them 10 a stop. Tho chains are also so ur i meed that they cm be lowered and dropped down into a groove in the bot. torn of the lock floor, bo thai the vessel steams out over their tops. These chains are enormous, Kach link will be oval In shape, its longest diameter will b.> as big as tho largest dinner plate, and the ?b ei., of the link will he about as thick as your Wl'lst, lit addition, tho gates will be double, the upper gate acting as a protection to the lower, so that both would have to broak before any damage could come to the lock. In addition to nil this, there are to he emergency dams at the upper end of each set of locks, which will work something like a drawbridge, and thus protect the locks The Wafer for the Canal, One Of the live Questions In connec? tion with tb- locks Is whether tho ^liflLjjrea Klver t-Mi furnish, enough Tola hole Trill carry the flood Into ihr Inrkx at GatUD. It I? about I'lRhtccn fec-i in dlfimeter. water to keep them full anil still ac-1 commodate all tin tralllc that will pass through? th" canal. The engineers say that it c?ll. I he Ciatun lake Is now : 111111 u. ahd when tin- ?anal Is com? pleted we will have i6i square miles of water held hack by the dam. and litis ;n addition to the regular llow of the Chagrcs. We shall also have some, thing Itite two square miles of water in the .Mirallores lake. Bnglnoer Rousseau says that the water supply will amount to more than SO.JOO.?Ol) tons per annum, and Colonel Uoothula says that there will he plenty to aceonunod.tte tlfty.-Olght vessels ,i day, ^oing through the .anal, and that this would lie more than could pass through in the space of twenty-four hours, it is doubtful whether stich a] tralllc will ev. i arise. Kvcn forty vesi | sels a day on the average for 3'jG days i of the year would mean 12:000 vessels,! and this Is about three times the mini- | ber which is now going through the Sues canal. Tin1 numner there Amounts to something like 4,000, and the ton? nage is in tiie neighborhood of 20,00.1, 000 pur annum, which is Just about half the gross tonnage passing through our canal at Sault Sie. .Marie. I nclc sum's .Neri Lake. And Just here 1 would like to say something about Inch- Sain s new lake Which is now rising out of the Jungle. The tlatun dam will soon lie- finished,! and It will hold ba>k tho Chagrcs, forming one or the most beautiful BhCOtS of water on earth. Tho, steam? ers will enter n from tho verdure-clad mountains at Culebra cut, or front the massive lo.cks at tlatun. and will move for twenty-odd miles through scenery as beautiful as that of tho inland Sea of Japan, or of the Thousand Islands of tin- St. Xjawrenco, The canal chan? nel runs In .and out among islands cov? ered with tropical plants and trees, Which will then bo the home of mon? keys, birds, deer and other wild game, for the ldon Is to drive man from the Canal Zone and make It ono great game preserve. Those islands nr.- w< 11 titled for that, as far as aquatic crea? tures are concerned. .. lid ducka nro already heginnlnir to come, and we shall have parrots artf paroquets and possibly the gorgeously plumed macaw of the Amazon. The. fS.it tin luke will drain a basin bigger than Rhode Island. It. will have an area equal to 500 quarter sec? tion farms, and <wor this the water la fast rising. Much of the bed is still covered with vegetation and with for? ests half sunken in the waters. I od.- sum playing Xonh, One of the Interesting features of making this lake is I'ncle Sam's at? tempt to play Noah. lb- has warned the Inhabitants of the basin to conic oiii. and has asked them to get on his ark, by which he means the highlands outside. The natives, howover, refuse to believe In the deluge. They say that the prench threatened thorp with tlic same fate, and that nothing came. Some of them have stayed in their homes until the steam shovels have lifted their front door steps, and others 1 until tile water has covered their floors Now they all have boats tied I to their houses, and there will be no loss of life as the Hood comes. The government has already torn down and carried away all the heavy canal structures out of the lake bed. A number of the towns have disap? peared, and masses of ruins lie along what whs ortce the main railroad track, old Ibihio hat been swallowed, and the same Is true of other towns. In toar ! Ing down the houses one was found i which was built of solid mahogany I The lumber of this has hern saved and I remade Into furniture. (Copyright. 1913, by Frank CS. Car? penter.) WINCHESTER [Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatoh.] Winchester. VS., August 31.?.Mr. ami Mrs. .1 IV Corro|l have announced the, approaching marriage of their ntece. I .miss Katbryn Ann Mnloy, to Herbert iKeplar ouudciluud, of Altoonu, Pa, Tho marriage is to ;i>o solemnized nt the home of Mr. und Mrs. Corroll ni noun on September 1. Announcement has been mode of the forthcoming marrlugo of Miss Velum l-Ulth lletl, daughter of .Mr. and .Mrs. William II. Bell, of I la gerstown, Md.. to Charles M. Richmond, of Boyce, Clarke County, which Is to take place tin October 5, at the home of the bride's parents, Immediately utter which tne youilg couple will sail from New York i.. pi--. several months traveling in l?uropo. Dr. and Mrs. Hugh Oreeuway Russell and tii> lr little daughter, of Richmond, who have i.n passing the summer at ,111, White Sulphur Springs, ore visiting the former's parents, Mr, und sirs. I. w. Russell, ?Mrs. John Randolph l'ucker, Miss Arinlo MeOuiro and Miss LaAira Mo e? ntr?-. are spending several weeks at Atlantic City. .Mrs. D. Maxwell Swink has return? ed from an extended visit to relatives In Norfolk and vicinity, ?Mrs. Bettio Xohmpson and her son, ot Washington, are lh< guests of Miss Frances Affleck. Mrs. Daisy Jtaskell has returned to Philadelphia, after visiting Mr. and .\irs. Shirley Carter tor several weeks. .miss Kannte Myers, who ban been visiting In r nleCO, Mrs. O. <> Miller, re? turned to Washington yesterday, Mlii.s Alv.i StO?lo has been visiting friends at Madison during tho post week. air -ana Airs. Wauaco -Mien ana daughter, of Washington, h.iv,. boon visiting at tiie homo of Mr. and Mrs. Charles B. Aullck. Commander l.ouis McCoy Nulton has returned from Annapolis, where he was acting superintendent of the United Fialen Naval Academy for two weeks, and Is now with his family and other relatives In town. Mrs. Marian Jenkins and Miss Nan? nie Jenkins, who have been Visiting aiiss iv.it.- Mo Vicar, have returned to Martinaburg, W. Va. ?Mrs. Daisy J. Jones, of Norfolk, pres? ident of tho Rebekah Assombly ot Vir? ginia, was a visitor In,town this week, Mrs. I.illle mine ami her young sou nave returned from a visit of throe weeks to relatives and friends In Page County. DURHAM ' [Special to Tho Tlmcs-DIspatch.l 1 Durham; N. C, August 31. ?Colonel S. Ws Minor hns returned from a trip i to New Vork, where he lias been for several days. n< took tho greater n.irt I of tho trip through the country with J. It. Mason. In his machine. I -Miss lilsie ityrd. of Charlotte, is 'spending n. while in tha city with ! friends. I Airs. Victor Mots nml little son. or i f.lncolnlon, are on a visit to Mrs. Mota's l mother, Mr-. W. A I hit t is. I J. B. White has gone to New York j on a business trip. Mrs. White, accom? panied him part of the way and will \ visit, her old home at Witt. Va., ami I win |oln her husband at Danville, on I his return. I Mrs, Ja mos A. Robinson hns roturried from Columbia University, New Vork, 1 where she took u six weeks' course I in special Instruction for primary work, I having been recently elected Supervisor Of the primary work In the Durham city schools. Mr .and -Mrs. W. A PJrwIh have re , turned from Atlantic. City, Misses Kessle and .Margaret r."rwin I will not arrive front Iholr for- Ign tour till September. I Misses Carrie and Rllhy Massey havo gone to Itldhmond, where they will I spend two weeks's wtth friends and relatives, .Miss Mary Ollhtor, of Charlotte, IS spending a few days with her cousin, .Miss Hat tic Couch. The leap year dance Friday evening at ?D&kowOOtl l'ark. was conceded to be the hest arranged affair 'hat has taken place this season. Miss Mary Ittlllih urcen had charge of th? dance and arranged ovorythlnu perfectly, The jouii? women ot t.ic city, witli tho visiting girls, were given tho chance to uuikc clatos with the young mrn, anJ they also furnished the transportation to and from the park. A delicious Luncheon was serve,i ,luring the ovon lng. A moonlight ride was given FrldnS evening; complimentary to .Miss juna faylor, of Uookorton. by a number of friends. The party went out to tho pumping station, leaving the city at s o'clock and returning at 12. The party was composed of Misses Julia, Taylor, biunlco Jones, Grace ' >?horno. Ida Jones. Hulda Jones and Messrs. 1/owr. Shaffer, Weisner. Chapman and Owens, Mrs. Ada M. Smith. Miss Willie Smith and Miss Myrtle Albright have gone to New York on a business as well as a pieasuro trip. ?Miss Willis Hinter has returned irom ?oi?muia univcrstty. ? >n ner way home she spent a few days tn Philadelphia, Atlantic City and Wash? ington. JU'igo and Mrs. James S. Manning' 'arg having a delightful stay at At? lantic City. Miss Blanche Whltmoro Is hostess at ja house party this week at her homo on North Mangtim Street The guests are Miss Mary mount, of Richmond; miss Florence Sampson, of Richmond: Miss Helen Allgood, of Petersburg; -Miss ISllsabeth Urnddock, of Houston, sa ; -Miss Carrie P.xnm, of Snow Hill. S. C. and Miss Iris Holt, of Hurllng ton. N. C. The week has been Bpcnt In many enjoyable ways. MALVERN HILL I special to The Tlmea-Dlapatoh.J .Malv.ru Hill. Va. August SI.?Tho ivmg .< Daughters or uestover ana Mapsluo churches In Charles City Coun? ty gave a Joint entertaltunent at tno courthouse on Friday last. The chief toature of the evening was a play "Dinner at six." Those taking part wore Misses Mary Lyon Tyler. Martha. Lawrence, of Petersburg; B. Moncure, of Wllllamsburg; Mabel B?ker, Thoma.i W. Clark, .Mortimer Harrison and Han dolpli Ruttin. After the play was over there were tablcux and music. Re? freshment* wer,- sold on the grounds. The entertainment was a success In every way. ?Mrs. Mary K. Boll, of Cnarles City County, entertaJnod a large au-itenc.o at Hon Air on Tut sdav with her Im? personations of the old-time darkey. Mrs. S. A. dark and daughters, ? Misses Margaret O. and Betty A. Clark, returned to their home Tuesday from a two weeks' visu to Mrs. Koehler. of Itlchmond. Master Randolph Kuftln. of Weyan-1 oke Stock Farm, is the guest of H. S. h'aundors at Upper Shirley. Mrs. c. W. Rugaard left Monday for; Richmond, when she win spend sev-? oral days. William Major, of Richmond, spent Sunday with relatives at Charles City Courthouse. Master Foster Saunders, of "Upper Shirley," and Pitickney Harrison, of Danville, are Spending several days with W, B Baun lers, of Richmond. John M. Cornick. of Onancock, Is the gUCSt of C. IIM1 Carter, at ' High Hill- ? .1. M. Oil', of Oranvllle, spent Thurs? day of this week In Richmond. Cards have been received hero an? nouncing the marriage on August 21, at Forest, Ontario, Canada, <>f Rev. j. Allen Christian, of Norfolk, and Miss Kvclyn Smith. Mr. Christian is well known hero, being a son of the lato Judge Isaac Christian, of "Wood bourne." Mis S ic R, Harrison, of Neston. Is tin- guest of Julien Ruittn. at "Marl Dourne, in Hanover County. SOUTH BOSTON I Special to The Times-Dispatch.] South uoaton. Va.. August 31.?Miss Knthcrine Howard, ot wasnington. ta a guest at tile home of Mrs. B. \V.'? i loward, on Washington .Street. Miss Alice Lea. ot Danville. Is visit? ing Mrs. W. T. Lea on upper Main, street. Mrs. John Shettleld, of New York, is '? visiting Mrs. .1. W. Kasley. at tnia place. Krank Craddock, of Jackson. Miss.,':1 visited relatives here this week. r. L Walker. Jr.. formerly of this, place, hut lately of Henderson. N. C, ' was the guest of friends In south Bos? ton a few clays ago. Rev. John W. ISIllott, ministerial stu- " dent at lllchntond Collego, who Is./ Spending Ins vacation at Iiis homo hero, nan delivered s.vcral creditable ser? mons at tin- Baptist Church at this place. He seems to lie perfectly at case In the pulpit. i Charles .1. .1 cities.-, of canton, x. C.,^ visited relatives In South Boston a fow-> days this week. Mrs. Francis M .Sllcott. of rtlehmond, is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. , 1'. II. Vane), en Broad Street, Miss Julia Denny, of Reldsvlllc, auf. MIm Mary Anderson, t>f Danville, are? visiting Miss .?Ulla Crnfton, at thts>; Pi .Miss Mary Armtstcad, of Danville, v' Is the guest of Mrs, T. F. Collins, at i -Collins Heights." .Miss .lei me Patterson, of Danville,! is visiting Miss Myrtle Mobane at thtal place. Miss Crowdcr of Danville, is tlto* guest of Miss Marie chlldrcss. -Miss Mnbel Brooks, of North Caro? lina. Is visiting Miss Virginia Lukln. ' W. N. Joffress. ot Philadelphia; Billy Barip It. of New Vork, and Tom Swailii, | Of Danville, were guests at "Hill Brook;j Farm" during the week. .Mrs P. 1 Smith, of Richmond. ? In 1 visiting Mrs. T. C. Watklns, Jr.. in Laset Und. '. .lohn it Craddook and family ot 1 Texas, are visiting relatives in town. .miss tsarii ernortock nas returnea' rroin a visit to relatives ln Texas. J Malcolm c Bruce and family aro; I Visiting at the home of Mrs. Marx?. Bruce, near this place. .Milses W in und Halite Jordan havoj returned from Bristol, where they have* i heen spending the summer with then-' grandmother, Mrs. w. J. Carrtngton. Kov, .lames M. Owens left this week:. ro:- Chicago, whore ho will attend tho* .National Convention of the Brother-j hood of ^t. Andrew before assuming!! charge Of his new- Hold In Louisville, l<y._(_ : DON AIR 1 special to The Times-Dispatch. I Bon Air. Va., August 31.?A very on-rf Joyahlc recital portraying the negrrt ways of rilden times was giver, by Mrs. Mary Bell, of Charles City county, at the Inn on Monday last While ne*? .Mrs Bell Wti8 tho. guest of Mrs. T. Lv/ I'. cocke. 1 Miss Carrie Moore returned rrom>" I Canada this past week. ' .Mrs. J. Iv Cox and the Misse?, i'ox, of Richmond, have been the recent1 guests of Miss Augusta Barfleld. Miss Margaret Cordon, who has been, staying with friends at the inn, left lor Richmond this week. .Mis. Stuart Strtngfellow has be* visiting Mis. Thomas Artnlstead at he tionto near here. Miss H?rmine Moore, returned t'nl Wcok from Nlrod Hall. Miss Nannie Smith In the. guest the Misses Gllerson. Robert Arnold entertained Miss Fan* nte Crenshaw, Miss Nells .Mociuorv Henry Bllett, and Charles roek? st his? bungalow on Saturday last. Miss Lucy Mason, Miss Winifred,'' Crensnaw Miss Annie Kernns and Mts?. Bottle B?rwcll, of Little Falls, N. TJ? ar. with the Misses Moore. .mips Mary Gray Talcott, of wa-hing^ ton. D C, ?: visiting her parent? horej l.'dworl S, II igen spent tho recon week-end it Ocean View. Miss Juliet Talcott was th* hostes last week of iv very enloyable ha rid.-. Among the guests were MlssJSjfj Harriet and Maria C"cke. Miss Annie Kfr.ins, Misa* Anna ?Mimes. Massif Jones, Nathan Talcott and others,_i.