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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, September 01, 1912, Image 15

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How Great Ships Will Be Moved From Ocean t? Ocean
Mlraflorea, Canal Zono, Panama.
IAM writing thcso nOtCM this bright
Sunday morning In the great lock*
at Mlraflorcs. 1 am within eight
miles of doop water In the l*ticlflo
Occun and at the two flrHt great steps
up which the steamers will climb on
their way across to the Atlantic,
lioyond this is Mlraflorea Lake,
and at Mm end the louk ot
Pedro Miguel, which, with Its boost
Of thirty feet, shoves tho vessels to
the level of the Culobra Cut, whore
the can.il will bo uigllty-llVO feet
above the surface of the soa bolow.
It Is <iulet hero lo-ilay. for Lnele
:;am keeps the Sabbath. The men'
havo stopped work, the mighty cranes
uro at rest and long lines ot earn
loaded with spoil stand on the tracks.
That bteatn shovel down there tit the
right is black and dirty and It gives
no Indication of the work It hus 'lone
tlio pjst week.
How hot the sun Is and how daz?
zling! The concreto which walls tho
look Is made of white snnd, and where
It catches tho rays It la blinding.
How high the walls are,! I am In a
mighty chamler In which you lutild
drop two city blocks of six-story
houses and there would b<; still room
to spare.
1 walk over to one side and look uo
with my chin touching the concrete
?wall.The whole earth IS shut off. and
the wall reaches tho sky. It looks
like a smooth whlt? sandstone, put to?
gether In blocks bigger than those of
tho pyramids, hut far smoother and
more closely lnld. It Is a solid wall
and whs molded as such, the appear?
ance of blocks coming from the Joints
In tho molds. Midway Ln th? wall is
an Iron ladder about two feet In width.
1 laboriously climb to the top and It
seems au though the ladder would
never end.
?I he Locks <>t ihr Caaal.
The:** lock? are about the most ln
t'restlag feature* of l'ncle .Sam's
mighty Pahams works. The ditch it- ;
i "lf Is wonderful, but Its construction I
hau been merely a matter of blasting
o;;t earth and rock and carrying them j
into the hoilown or down to the sea. !
The rooks are remarkable creations In j
that here man tries to Imitate nature
Hnd he has built these gigantic rock
masje.f, molding ee.ud. cement and rock
Into stone.
There are blx great locks on the
canal- It does not sound big as I
write It, but these lock? contain ce?
ment by tiie millions of barrels. They |
rave ship-loads of sand which has '
been t>rought from tho Atlantic and
Pacific, and mountains of rock havo i
been btasted out and crushed to form
their concreto, Tho materials are now
so united that they are one solid i
etone. Let me give you some Idea of
tho extent of the concrete alone. They
contain over four million cubic yards,
t?r enough of th's artificial rock to
make a solid wall fifty feet hlyh. ten
feet thick arid over Ilfty miles long.
B?ch a wall would reach from Wash?
ington to Etattimbre and havo ten miles
to spare.
Kach of tht*fn locks has a twin. Tho
whole consists of two mighty cham?
bers, the side walls of which are about
fifty feet wide at tho hottom and grow
n il rower and narrower a* they come
to the top. where the w'dth Is e'ght
feet. They are about eighty feet high.
There Is another wall ln tho middle
which Is sixty feet wide, and within
these walls are the two mighty
chambers which'are closed at each end
by the gates.
fio Salt Water In the Canal.
So much for the outlines of the
structure The foundations of th.- lo, ka
are as complicated as a catacomb.
Tbcy have tunnels and galleries run?
ning this way and that, and !n their
floors are many great hobs as big as
a flour barrel where the water comes
Into the chamber so fatt that they
can be tllbd or emptied In the spare
of eight minutes. The water Is ad?
mitted by mighty culverts or conduits
which run along the side. These are
tunnels through the concrete construc?
tion and they will carry Tlvcrs from
l.ako Oatun to lift and lower the ves?
Von often hear it said that we are
bringing the waters of the Atlantic
and the. Pacific together. This is so
only figuratively speaking. There will
be no salt water In the canal except
Ht tho ends. The locks will be filled
with fresh water from Lake Clatun,
and it will be the Chagres which we
shall harness anel make pull up and
l<t down the steamers from ocean t 1
Ocea n.
But let ryte tell you more about these
Mg tunneis. into which the water tlrst
flows. They are so huge that >'oil
could drive a caravan of elephants and
giraffes through them, and the elc
pnants might walk four abreast and
not touch the sides, while n monkey
stated on the head of one of the gi?
raffes would not reach the celling.
They would easily hold a Pullman
train, and a brnkeman mlghl stand on
the top and not ruffle his hair.
These great tunnels or culverts are
connected by pipes which run down
In Ihr lock* ?l Mlraflorea. Tat?? hugr blick et a handle thr concrete Mj
_ atrnoRrnPFicp ln thr rrnlrr,
r.rreHns ? ?*<? might? (tnt< ? nt rinfun.
to tho bed or floor of the lock cham?
ber, and which ar? ko arranged that
when tho water la let In It rushes
uj) through tho openings and fills the
chamber; tho water being held in by
the gates.
Italalng ihr ship* from the Pacific
There are only two locks here at
Mlraflores. The steamer comes
straight In from the Pacific when the
water In the io< k Is at sea level. This
water )s salt. Then the gate at the
Pacific end is closed, and in from the
tunnel comes the water frcm the <ia
tun 1-ake. having passed through the
Culebra erut and Mlraflores Lake. It
nils tli>? lock, raising as It does so
the ship to the level of tho water In
the lock above.
The vessel then j asses Into that
loek. through the gate facing the Pa
Clflc, and It Is raised to the level Of
the Mlraflores Lake and steams
through It until It reaches the lock Of
Pedro Miguel. Here, in the same way.
It Is boosted thirty feet higher, to the
eighty-flve-foot level of the Culebra
Cht The ship now has a clean, clear
.?-Teaming way of thirty-one miles. In?
cluding the < ut and the Uatun Lake,
before It comes to the Qatun iJ^m and
to the three series of locks which drop
It down to the level of the Atlantic.
The matter Is simple enough. It 's
merely like putting a block of wood
in a tub and pouring In water to make
it rise to the top, or like opening a
spigot in the bottom and letting it
dtoji a? t:ie water runs oat. The only
difference Is that th<- block is small
und it weighs but a few pounds, while
this ship which will go through these
.gigantic ha k tubs may he as long as
was the Titanic or longer, and It may
weigh tens of thousands of tons. The
Olympic, for Instance, had a gross
tonnage of 60,000, and, 1 urn told, ;t
o il : easily past thrcugh. The uctuul
dimensions of each of ihn chn.tubt.-is
are 1.000 feet long. 110 feel wide and
[more than SO feet high.
f.ntes Which i nst ?5,000,000.
The gates to these chambers are"
even more wonderful than the cham?
bers themselves. Tin- chambers urc- of
concrete. The gates are of steel, and
that in thousands, yes. In millions, of
pieces, put together so tightly that
they will hold these huge vuts of wa?
ter, and raise and lower within them
[vessels worth millions of dollars.
Uut first as to the cost. I have Raid
15,000,. Tlie actual sum Is more
than that. The contract for making
them was let by competitive bids In
which the United Mates Steel Trust
and four others of the chief steel man?
ufacturing companies of the L'n'lcd
States submitted offers. Bach had to
put up checks for several hundred
thuosund dollars as a guarantee that
It would carry out its bids, but these
sums ware returned to those who
failed. The lowest bidder was the Mc
Cllntie - Marshall Construction Com?
pany, of Pittsburgh, and its offer was
15,375,000. This was for tho making
of forty-six gates, being on an aver?
age almost JllT.e?o apiece.
The sum seems great until one rea
!:.-.- i just what it covers. It includes
altogethi r sdm< thing like aS.Opo tons
o steel mad- tip of tens of thousands
of pieccS, some so big that it takes a
mighty steam crane to handle them
and others as small as is pin or a
needle. Tor Instance, there are more
than 4011.1101) pounds of steel bolts and
nuts and n half-million pounds of
nickel steel pins. There are millions
of pounds of riveted structural steel
fiver three million pounds of carbon
steel castings and hundreds of thou
'I ?tu men ttIio hole much to rlo ttIUi lock building;. \? thr rlittM, Col?
onel Mtlirrti nt thr left. In vililtr, Mr. Schlldhnuer, thr <-hlcf electrlcnl engi?
rand? of pounds of Vcnadlum steel,
made up In an Infinite variety of parts.
*ome Interesting; Hems.
I have before me the Hems which
'formed a part of the hid. They In?
clude twenty gates for lh>- Oatun
looks, twelve for the looks at i'ecdro
Miguel and fourteen for those here at
Mlraflorea. Some of the gateH are sev?
enty-seven feet high, and some as low
as forty.seven fet four inches. Karh
Is made In two leaves or doors, which
swing hack and forth. Think of a
door as tall as an eight-story house.
Make It about flfty-flvc feet In width
and you may get tome Idea of these
mighty doors, each containing Its
myriad parts of steel, put together
, like a watch, which have been made
|at Pittsburgh and shipped In pieces
l down to the canal. The weight of the
I biggest leaves is something like $00
[tons, or enough to form a good load
for a dozen freight cars.
Think of hanging gates of that kind
in such a way that they can swing
back and forth at a speed that will
not affect the water? which flow In
and out, and ot the same time quickly
enough to allow ships to go thronen
these locks within eight or ten min?
utes, and you have some idea of tho
difficulties of their construction.
The Locks In Miniature.
The government has made n work?
ing model of these gates in the shops
at Gorgona, and it will he on exhib?
ition at the great fair at. San Francisco.
I It is made on a scale of a half-Inch
to a foot, and it shows not only the
(construction of the lock chambers, but
I the method of operating the gates and
Equip your new homos
with Direct Action Gas
Ranges and you'll find
them easier to mit and
rasier to sell. Get our
figure on quantities.
The price is right.
Beautify Your
Choose now from the great fall stocks of furniture-?they're
handsome. You'll f.tll in love with them. Hundreds of pieces
to complete the now home, in all the best woods and finishes.
Every piece dependable?no matter how low the price. We
make ?ood if our furniture should not. This is our guarantee.
This and Other $22.50
Velvet Axmins
ler Druggets for
Low-Profit" Prices
We .lim at Ijige sales by menus of low
pri cs. Everything is bought in quanti?
ties direct from tin makers to secure
extra savln&s. Store economics every?
where fuither reduce cost of doing busi?
ness, Your dollars ac?
complish their utmost
here. Try US. Test US,
" Glad to show you.
DinitiR Room Suits in ma
hop.inv ami oak.
Parlor Suits in all wood?.
Bedroom Suits for the
guest's room.
Bird's-eye Maple Suits for
the misses' room.
Lace Curtains, Picture*,
Mirrors, etc., etc.
Around, Glad to Givo Prices
other machinery. This model <s only
six leet four inches long and right
and one-half fe.t In width. It looks
exactly like a lock In miniature with
the Bates at life end. The Kates are
perfect imitations, having pins for
every rivet and Iii all about. 10,000 pins
on the sheet copper which covers them.
They are operated by a one-fifteenth i
horsepower motor, and nre equipped
with such devices that the operation
is automatically controlled Just as it
Will be in tho great locks here at
Mir.nlores and elsewhere.
Mom the Ship* Go Through.
The vessels are not allowed to move
from duo lock to another by steam.
They are towed by electric locomo?
tives, and there are a number of pro
tt ? live devices to sec that they do not
Injure the locks or themselves on their
way through.
There nre four towing locomotives,
which run upon tracks on each side j
of the lo. u. Two of them are fas- |
tened to the front of a vessel, tnov- j
lug It onward, and the other two are
on the tracks at the rear holding it
back so that It can go only so fast.
The rate fixed Is to be two miles an J
hour and the locomotives will prevent
It being more or less than this.
These locomotives will run on n
level excepting where they pass from
Olio lock to another, where they will
climb up or down heavy grades. Be?
tween the lower ami Intermediate
locks at tJatun, for example, the (11 f
fcrence in elevation Is over twenty
nine feet.
Thero nre to be two systems of
tracks, one for towing und the other
for the return of the locomotives
when not towing. Tho towing tracks
will have 11 centre rack, and the loco?
motives will always operate on this
rack. On tho return track there will
also he a rack on the Incline between
the locks, but elsewhere, the cars will
run by friction.
The motlvo power for runnlnc
these locomotives will bo electricity,
generated by tho spillway of the Ga
I tun Dam. This, It is believed, will
I furnish enough electricity, not only
for all the machinery of tho canal,
but possibly enough to run the trains
of the Panama Haliroad. ?
Chains to Hold the >hlp* Itnck.
In addition to the locomotives, the
locks have other means of kcoplng
the steamers fiom htriklns the gates
or going too fast. Among these arc
chains which run across the lock
chambers from one side to tho other.
These chains are so powerful that
they could slop a, 10,090-ton vessel
going at the rate of four miles .in hour
within a distance of sixty feet, with?
out injuring either the ship np the
chain. The chains run ncross from
lock wall to lock wall, and from the
approaches passing down into holes In
the. walla In such a w;iy that they play
OUt gradually when struck by the Vos
sels, retarding then! and bringing them
10 a stop. Tho chains are also so ur
i meed that they cm be lowered and
dropped down into a groove in the bot.
torn of the lock floor, bo thai the vessel
steams out over their tops.
These chains are enormous, Kach
link will be oval In shape, its longest
diameter will b.> as big as tho largest
dinner plate, and the ?b ei., of the link
will he about as thick as your Wl'lst,
lit addition, tho gates will be double,
the upper gate acting as a protection
to the lower, so that both would have
to broak before any damage could
come to the lock.
In addition to nil this, there are to
he emergency dams at the upper end
of each set of locks, which will work
something like a drawbridge, and thus
protect the locks
The Wafer for the Canal,
One Of the live Questions In connec?
tion with tb- locks Is whether tho
^liflLjjrea Klver t-Mi furnish, enough
Tola hole Trill carry the flood Into ihr Inrkx at GatUD. It I? about I'lRhtccn
fec-i in dlfimeter.
water to keep them full anil still ac-1
commodate all tin tralllc that will pass
through? th" canal. The engineers say
that it c?ll. I he Ciatun lake Is now
: 111111 u. ahd when tin- ?anal Is com?
pleted we will have i6i square miles
of water held hack by the dam. and
litis ;n addition to the regular llow of
the Chagrcs. We shall also have some,
thing Itite two square miles of water
in the .Mirallores lake.
Bnglnoer Rousseau says that the
water supply will amount to more than
SO.JOO.?Ol) tons per annum, and Colonel
Uoothula says that there will he plenty
to aceonunod.tte tlfty.-Olght vessels ,i
day, ^oing through the .anal, and that
this would lie more than could pass
through in the space of twenty-four
hours, it is doubtful whether stich a]
tralllc will ev. i arise. Kvcn forty vesi |
sels a day on the average for 3'jG days i
of the year would mean 12:000 vessels,!
and this Is about three times the mini- |
ber which is now going through the
Sues canal. Tin1 numner there Amounts
to something like 4,000, and the ton?
nage is in tiie neighborhood of 20,00.1,
000 pur annum, which is Just about
half the gross tonnage passing through
our canal at Sault Sie. .Marie.
I nclc sum's .Neri Lake.
And Just here 1 would like to say
something about Inch- Sain s new lake
Which is now rising out of the Jungle.
The tlatun dam will soon lie- finished,!
and It will hold ba>k tho Chagrcs,
forming one or the most beautiful
BhCOtS of water on earth. Tho, steam?
ers will enter n from tho verdure-clad
mountains at Culebra cut, or front the
massive lo.cks at tlatun. and will move
for twenty-odd miles through scenery
as beautiful as that of tho inland Sea
of Japan, or of the Thousand Islands
of tin- St. Xjawrenco, The canal chan?
nel runs In .and out among islands cov?
ered with tropical plants and trees,
Which will then bo the home of mon?
keys, birds, deer and other wild game,
for the ldon Is to drive man from the
Canal Zone and make It ono great
game preserve. Those islands nr.- w< 11
titled for that, as far as aquatic crea?
tures are concerned. .. lid ducka nro
already heginnlnir to come, and we
shall have parrots artf paroquets and
possibly the gorgeously plumed macaw
of the Amazon.
The. fS.it tin luke will drain a basin
bigger than Rhode Island. It. will
have an area equal to 500 quarter sec?
tion farms, and <wor this the water la
fast rising. Much of the bed is still
covered with vegetation and with for?
ests half sunken in the waters.
I od.- sum playing Xonh,
One of the Interesting features of
making this lake is I'ncle Sam's at?
tempt to play Noah. lb- has warned
the Inhabitants of the basin to conic
oiii. and has asked them to get on his
ark, by which he means the highlands
outside. The natives, howover, refuse
to believe In the deluge. They say
that the prench threatened thorp with
tlic same fate, and that nothing came.
Some of them have stayed in their
homes until the steam shovels have
lifted their front door steps, and others
1 until tile water has covered their
floors Now they all have boats tied
I to their houses, and there will be no
loss of life as the Hood comes.
The government has already torn
down and carried away all the heavy
canal structures out of the lake bed.
A number of the towns have disap?
peared, and masses of ruins lie along
what whs ortce the main railroad track,
old Ibihio hat been swallowed, and the
same Is true of other towns. In toar
! Ing down the houses one was found
i which was built of solid mahogany
I The lumber of this has hern saved and
I remade Into furniture.
(Copyright. 1913, by Frank CS. Car?
[Special to The Tlmes-Dlspatoh.]
Winchester. VS., August 31.?.Mr. ami
Mrs. .1 IV Corro|l have announced the,
approaching marriage of their ntece.
I .miss Katbryn Ann Mnloy, to Herbert
iKeplar ouudciluud, of Altoonu, Pa, Tho
marriage is to ;i>o solemnized nt the
home of Mr. und Mrs. Corroll ni noun
on September 1.
Announcement has been mode of
the forthcoming marrlugo of Miss
Velum l-Ulth lletl, daughter of .Mr. and
.Mrs. William II. Bell, of I la gerstown,
Md.. to Charles M. Richmond, of Boyce,
Clarke County, which Is to take place
tin October 5, at the home of the bride's
parents, Immediately utter which tne
youilg couple will sail from New York
i.. pi--. several months traveling in
Dr. and Mrs. Hugh Oreeuway Russell
and tii> lr little daughter, of Richmond,
who have i.n passing the summer
at ,111, White Sulphur Springs, ore
visiting the former's parents, Mr, und
sirs. I. w. Russell,
?Mrs. John Randolph l'ucker, Miss
Arinlo MeOuiro and Miss LaAira Mo
e? ntr?-. are spending several weeks at
Atlantic City.
.Mrs. D. Maxwell Swink has return?
ed from an extended visit to relatives
In Norfolk and vicinity,
?Mrs. Bettio Xohmpson and her son,
ot Washington, are lh< guests of Miss
Frances Affleck.
Mrs. Daisy Jtaskell has returned to
Philadelphia, after visiting Mr. and
.\irs. Shirley Carter tor several weeks.
.miss Kannte Myers, who ban been
visiting In r nleCO, Mrs. O. <> Miller, re?
turned to Washington yesterday,
Mlii.s Alv.i StO?lo has been visiting
friends at Madison during tho post
air -ana Airs. Wauaco -Mien ana
daughter, of Washington, h.iv,. boon
visiting at tiie homo of Mr. and Mrs.
Charles B. Aullck.
Commander l.ouis McCoy Nulton has
returned from Annapolis, where he was
acting superintendent of the United
Fialen Naval Academy for two weeks,
and Is now with his family and other
relatives In town.
Mrs. Marian Jenkins and Miss Nan?
nie Jenkins, who have been Visiting
aiiss iv.it.- Mo Vicar, have returned to
Martinaburg, W. Va.
?Mrs. Daisy J. Jones, of Norfolk, pres?
ident of tho Rebekah Assombly ot Vir?
ginia, was a visitor In,town this week,
Mrs. I.illle mine ami her young sou
nave returned from a visit of throe
weeks to relatives and friends In Page
' [Special to Tho Tlmcs-DIspatch.l
1 Durham; N. C, August 31. ?Colonel
S. Ws Minor hns returned from a trip
i to New Vork, where he lias been for
several days. n< took tho greater n.irt
I of tho trip through the country with
J. It. Mason. In his machine.
I -Miss lilsie ityrd. of Charlotte, is
'spending n. while in tha city with
! friends.
I Airs. Victor Mots nml little son. or
i f.lncolnlon, are on a visit to Mrs. Mota's
l mother, Mr-. W. A I hit t is.
I J. B. White has gone to New York
j on a business trip. Mrs. White, accom?
panied him part of the way and will
\ visit, her old home at Witt. Va., ami
I win |oln her husband at Danville, on
I his return.
I Mrs, Ja mos A. Robinson hns roturried
from Columbia University, New Vork,
1 where she took u six weeks' course
I in special Instruction for primary work,
I having been recently elected Supervisor
Of the primary work In the Durham
city schools.
Mr .and -Mrs. W. A PJrwIh have re
, turned from Atlantic. City,
Misses Kessle and .Margaret r."rwin
I will not arrive front Iholr for- Ign tour
till September.
I Misses Carrie and Rllhy Massey havo
gone to Itldhmond, where they will
I spend two weeks's wtth friends and
.Miss Mary Ollhtor, of Charlotte, IS
spending a few days with her cousin,
.Miss Hat tic Couch.
The leap year dance Friday evening
at ?D&kowOOtl l'ark. was conceded to
be the hest arranged affair 'hat has
taken place this season. Miss Mary
Ittlllih urcen had charge of th? dance
and arranged ovorythlnu perfectly, The
jouii? women ot t.ic city, witli tho
visiting girls, were given tho chance to
uuikc clatos with the young mrn, anJ
they also furnished the transportation
to and from the park. A delicious
Luncheon was serve,i ,luring the ovon
A moonlight ride was given FrldnS
evening; complimentary to .Miss juna
faylor, of Uookorton. by a number
of friends. The party went out to tho
pumping station, leaving the city at
s o'clock and returning at 12. The
party was composed of Misses Julia,
Taylor, biunlco Jones, Grace ' >?horno.
Ida Jones. Hulda Jones and Messrs.
1/owr. Shaffer, Weisner. Chapman and
Mrs. Ada M. Smith. Miss Willie Smith
and Miss Myrtle Albright have gone
to New York on a business as well as
a pieasuro trip.
?Miss Willis Hinter has returned
irom ?oi?muia univcrstty. ? >n ner
way home she spent a few days tn
Philadelphia, Atlantic City and Wash?
JU'igo and Mrs. James S. Manning'
'arg having a delightful stay at At?
lantic City.
Miss Blanche Whltmoro Is hostess at
ja house party this week at her homo
on North Mangtim Street The guests
are Miss Mary mount, of Richmond;
miss Florence Sampson, of Richmond:
Miss Helen Allgood, of Petersburg;
-Miss ISllsabeth Urnddock, of Houston,
sa ; -Miss Carrie P.xnm, of Snow Hill.
S. C. and Miss Iris Holt, of Hurllng
ton. N. C. The week has been Bpcnt
In many enjoyable ways.
I special to The Tlmea-Dlapatoh.J
.Malv.ru Hill. Va. August SI.?Tho
ivmg .< Daughters or uestover ana
Mapsluo churches In Charles City Coun?
ty gave a Joint entertaltunent at tno
courthouse on Friday last. The chief
toature of the evening was a play
"Dinner at six." Those taking part
wore Misses Mary Lyon Tyler. Martha.
Lawrence, of Petersburg; B. Moncure,
of Wllllamsburg; Mabel B?ker, Thoma.i
W. Clark, .Mortimer Harrison and Han
dolpli Ruttin. After the play was over
there were tablcux and music. Re?
freshment* wer,- sold on the grounds.
The entertainment was a success In
every way.
?Mrs. Mary K. Boll, of Cnarles City
County, entertaJnod a large au-itenc.o
at Hon Air on Tut sdav with her Im?
personations of the old-time darkey.
Mrs. S. A. dark and daughters, ?
Misses Margaret O. and Betty A. Clark,
returned to their home Tuesday from
a two weeks' visu to Mrs. Koehler. of
Master Randolph Kuftln. of Weyan-1
oke Stock Farm, is the guest of H. S.
h'aundors at Upper Shirley.
Mrs. c. W. Rugaard left Monday for;
Richmond, when she win spend sev-?
oral days.
William Major, of Richmond, spent
Sunday with relatives at Charles City
Master Foster Saunders, of "Upper
Shirley," and Pitickney Harrison, of
Danville, are Spending several days
with W, B Baun lers, of Richmond.
John M. Cornick. of Onancock, Is
the gUCSt of C. IIM1 Carter, at ' High
Hill- ?
.1. M. Oil', of Oranvllle, spent Thurs?
day of this week In Richmond.
Cards have been received hero an?
nouncing the marriage on August 21,
at Forest, Ontario, Canada, <>f Rev. j.
Allen Christian, of Norfolk, and Miss
Kvclyn Smith. Mr. Christian is well
known hero, being a son of the lato
Judge Isaac Christian, of "Wood
Mis S ic R, Harrison, of Neston. Is
tin- guest of Julien Ruittn. at "Marl
Dourne, in Hanover County.
I Special to The Times-Dispatch.]
South uoaton. Va.. August 31.?Miss
Knthcrine Howard, ot wasnington. ta
a guest at tile home of Mrs. B. \V.'?
i loward, on Washington .Street.
Miss Alice Lea. ot Danville. Is visit?
ing Mrs. W. T. Lea on upper Main,
Mrs. John Shettleld, of New York, is '?
visiting Mrs. .1. W. Kasley. at tnia
Krank Craddock, of Jackson. Miss.,':1
visited relatives here this week.
r. L Walker. Jr.. formerly of this,
place, hut lately of Henderson. N. C, '
was the guest of friends In south Bos?
ton a few clays ago.
Rev. John W. ISIllott, ministerial stu- "
dent at lllchntond Collego, who Is./
Spending Ins vacation at Iiis homo hero,
nan delivered s.vcral creditable ser?
mons at tin- Baptist Church at this
place. He seems to lie perfectly at
case In the pulpit. i
Charles .1. .1 cities.-, of canton, x. C.,^
visited relatives In South Boston a fow->
days this week.
Mrs. Francis M .Sllcott. of rtlehmond,
is visiting her parents, Mr. and Mrs. ,
1'. II. Vane), en Broad Street,
Miss Julia Denny, of Reldsvlllc, auf.
MIm Mary Anderson, t>f Danville, are?
visiting Miss .?Ulla Crnfton, at thts>;
.Miss Mary Armtstcad, of Danville, v'
Is the guest of Mrs, T. F. Collins, at i
-Collins Heights."
.Miss .lei me Patterson, of Danville,!
is visiting Miss Myrtle Mobane at thtal
Miss Crowdcr of Danville, is tlto*
guest of Miss Marie chlldrcss.
-Miss Mnbel Brooks, of North Caro?
lina. Is visiting Miss Virginia Lukln. '
W. N. Joffress. ot Philadelphia; Billy
Barip It. of New Vork, and Tom Swailii, |
Of Danville, were guests at "Hill Brook;j
Farm" during the week.
.Mrs P. 1 Smith, of Richmond. ? In 1
visiting Mrs. T. C. Watklns, Jr.. in Laset
Und. '.
.lohn it Craddook and family ot 1
Texas, are visiting relatives in town.
.miss tsarii ernortock nas returnea'
rroin a visit to relatives ln Texas. J
Malcolm c Bruce and family aro;
I Visiting at the home of Mrs. Marx?.
Bruce, near this place.
.Milses W in und Halite Jordan havoj
returned from Bristol, where they have* i
heen spending the summer with then-'
grandmother, Mrs. w. J. Carrtngton.
Kov, .lames M. Owens left this week:.
ro:- Chicago, whore ho will attend tho*
.National Convention of the Brother-j
hood of ^t. Andrew before assuming!!
charge Of his new- Hold In Louisville,
1 special to The Times-Dispatch. I
Bon Air. Va., August 31.?A very on-rf
Joyahlc recital portraying the negrrt
ways of rilden times was giver, by
Mrs. Mary Bell, of Charles City county,
at the Inn on Monday last While ne*?
.Mrs Bell Wti8 tho. guest of Mrs. T. Lv/
I'. cocke.
1 Miss Carrie Moore returned rrom>"
I Canada this past week.
' .Mrs. J. Iv Cox and the Misse?, i'ox,
of Richmond, have been the recent1
guests of Miss Augusta Barfleld.
Miss Margaret Cordon, who has been,
staying with friends at the inn, left
lor Richmond this week.
.Mis. Stuart Strtngfellow has be*
visiting Mis. Thomas Artnlstead at he
tionto near here.
Miss H?rmine Moore, returned t'nl
Wcok from Nlrod Hall.
Miss Nannie Smith In the. guest
the Misses Gllerson.
Robert Arnold entertained Miss Fan*
nte Crenshaw, Miss Nells .Mociuorv
Henry Bllett, and Charles roek? st his?
bungalow on Saturday last.
Miss Lucy Mason, Miss Winifred,''
Crensnaw Miss Annie Kernns and Mts?.
Bottle B?rwcll, of Little Falls, N. TJ?
ar. with the Misses Moore.
.mips Mary Gray Talcott, of wa-hing^
ton. D C, ?: visiting her parent? horej
l.'dworl S, II igen spent tho recon
week-end it Ocean View.
Miss Juliet Talcott was th* hostes
last week of iv very enloyable ha
rid.-. Among the guests were MlssJSjfj
Harriet and Maria C"cke. Miss Annie
Kfr.ins, Misa* Anna ?Mimes. Massif
Jones, Nathan Talcott and others,_i.

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