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SS .-"a^?^,? WHOLE NUMBER, 10 24?. RICHMOND. VA., THURSDAY, JANUARY 30, UH.T_ti, n?th? w-f..,. PRICE TWO CENTS.
BROKEN AT LAST
Peace Negotiations Ended
by Note From Balkan
POWERS TO BLAME
Porte Thinks Nations Have
Been Unfair, and Have En?
couraged Its Enemies.
Some Optimists Still Be?
lieve War Will Not Be
London January ? ?The pe?. e
negotiations, win. h reached a dead
!<,< k .>vcr the ? '?*?!<.11 of Adnanople on
? ' iinnry ?>. were atkaltj broken by a note
w tili h the plenlpof entiar les Of the
Balkan aHleti presented to Roi hard
Pasha head of the Tuikish delegation
N'otwitbe'andlng this rupture, triers
?tili are optimist* In the diplomatic
world who hope a resumption of the
war may vet he avoided, either through
fresh proposals that Turkey is re?
ported to he including in the note
ehe will deliver 'o the power? 'o-mor
row or to the fall of Adrianople before
sMltlTflsOS ran be begun again at the
'I ? hataija lines.
A majority of th*> Halkan delegates
rcfu?e to admit the likelihood of either
< ontlngency. s ieving that the life of
'he Young 'lurk government depends
i.pon the resumption of war. even if
the allies were willing to postpone the
(??Ski They are. of the opinion tha'
It (.-?->'.? ' ;r? dtplonr.a- ? ie a*
the worst, only an interlude, however,
for they will l?avc four representa
iivw in London to undertake th?? set?
Blames the Power*.
rie? had Pasha after receiving ihe
r ote, said ?
"The consequences may he of the
Kra^eot nature. The responsibility lie*
riot alone with tb? allies, but wi!h ? he
powers, who encouraged the Balkan
Mates and have shown no fairness to?
ward Turkey .-.l'hougri before the war
they had solemnly proclaimed the
principle on the un-hangeabili'f of 'he
; he etat ue quo.
The plan of the allied governments,
so far as th? plenipotentiaries are in?
formed. i? to concentrate their force*
on Adrianople immediately after the
expiration of the pres< ribed four <lays.
?f the surreiiiier of 'hat fortress rjoao
i.o' occur In the meantime They
believe that ? few days bombardment
by the big siege batteries which now
surround Adnanople will I,ring about
The Balkan represent*' im declare
that all reports that Rumania would
^>d Bulgaria against Turkey are un
?"?indad and they added that if Hu?
mana should take arfvan'age Of tin
opportunity to gain her territorial
claim* by tore-* while the Bulgarian
araiv is engaged at Turkey. Bulgaria
would let her occupy the territory she
d? n.and* But as soon as the Bulgariar.
army disposed of the Turks "he Bul?
garians would turn their attention to
the Roumanian.* and a'tcrnpt to Bastke
ttiern pay dearly for this racial dis?
loyalty, whic hthe Bulgarians consider
would be treason.
The allies fi|n>r; that a [iloHaaioaJj
treaty of pea, e will be signed in Adria- '
nopie by the victorious Bulgarian and
DM>a?B generals and this will be em?
bodied in the treaty wri'-h will be con
? id?d in London, for whl-h each dele
gst'.or is leaymg one representative in
London to await the reopening of tfco
conference. They will be Kor Bul?
garia Michael Mad.iaroff. minister at
London, for Greece Stephanos, for
Montenegro, M. Popovi'ch. formerly
minister at Constantinople, and for
Servia Dr. M. R. Vesnitcli. minister to
Most of the other delegates will lea--e '
here before Monday. The Oreek
Premier. Eleutheroe Venrelos. will
? Vienna. Belgrade. Sofia and Salon?
iki on his homeward journev and this
considered tangible proof that the
a'liea are preserving that unity which
???onisned Luropc at the beginning of
AgTeed on All Questions.
The Balkan delegates reiter-te t ha?
th* allies are agreed on all questions
r-eing fully cognizant of the fa,.t that
their power lies in maintaining and
strengthening their compact Thus it
has been arranged in genera! tern I e that
Saloniki shall be under the co-d^mtr.i.m
Of Bulgaria Servia and Oreece. and
that if difference arise between mem?
bers of the aliiar.ee. which can not be
w ranged amicably, the contending
Partie? must refer to arbitration.
I)r DanetT head of the Bulgarian
delegation, and M MUM, 'lie Ru?
manian minister to Oreat Britain
signed a protocol to-day emnodying
:he views of both nations on the Ru?
manian claims for territory which would
g:re her Silistria The pro'o. ..1 will
furnish the basis for the negotiations
Rumania bases her demand* "ti
trie argument tha' the mar has caused
su- h changes in the poli'I? al equilibrium
that guarantee* for the future friend
ship of the two nations have become
ssMsWy, The Bulgarians dc. tar, 'ha'
Rumania has increase*! f,?.- demands
since a renewal of the war has been
threatened, and assert that no Bulgar?
ian government could grant the cession
of t~ Mory Rumania asks to
War Party in Saddle.
St Petersburg. January 2? ?The
?? ??? of affairs he ? we? r I.'.-- ?
\ i??';a is regarded here as delicate in
the extreme The war partr is now
it, the saddle in Austria and Russia
has l.Ow.aw men serving with the BOfOtl
Th? trouble i? iv. rr the boundaries
ef Albania. As explained by a high
diplomntf offl' ial In the Bourse Oa
yette to da' llu??'a has re* ogrusted in
an agreemenf ?Ith Aus'ria that ' he
1 urkisb ? ..... ,?f Scutari and tanina
t?slon? fo the future Aibamor nation
The ?ondl'lon Is to be Imposed gnu
ever, th.i' the military and economic
interests of the adjacent Montenegrin
and Oreek populations be suitably
rt is though* that this ran be acco
r?hshe<i by dismant'lng the fortifica?
tions of the t? ? ,?ties and allowing
? h. free t>HS<asr* of good"
Busvla on the other hand the dipl"
?sfM de.-l?eed. reCards Prien nd t a kos a
and |pt>k as beton gl ne to Srrtu
The posi'lon thus t?Ven by Russia
will SnnrtnnutlT liiTstr* the difTtrul
? e. f the Kuaatan r "reign OfTV.-e n
? 'ontlnued on Secoi?d Pag*
rim c?.MtM?N-? 4?n <'>Mro?T
vm r. * o.
ristaeen Rlrtiatoad aod >nrf'>lW UnuN?
trae%. saaoa PsaAaat Mraat ear* take ??wj u%
i s> **> S'stloe witOoat traasfai. Tea ?
are lasdad rs t*s k<??n of fs? etrr of N<
Three fast trains dstly^?as*
Wilson Is Still Trying to
Keep His Mind
ARE "DRIZZLING" IN
President Elect Ends Confer
ences With Democrats
"About Men and Policies."
and Until March 4 Will
Devote All His Time to
Duties as Governor.
Trenton. N' l . January M. Pi??
dant-Klee'. Wilson announced to-n.ght
that hi* i onferen'.* with pioii,inen:
DooaOOTgitg general!;.- "about men and
j policies." whn-li have been in progress
: ever since he returned from Bermuda
now were at an end Henceforth. unt1! j
March 4. he will devote practically his j
entire time to hie duties M OOfOIBOTI
of New Jersey.
I The President-c|e< t paid he did BO)
plan 'o sec anv members of i 'ongicsfi
between now and the end Of his term as
fio.ernor. but that, of course, he would
: receive those who sought hi rn on ques
i ttons that mich*, tome, up in the inter?
The Oovernor sstaternen' was prompt
! ed by the inquiry at 0 whether he had
? made up his mind on 'he personnel of
> the Cabinet.
"Of course thcr>. ar.- no fixtures yet
he said "I'm s'lll Tying to keep rny .
mind open Asked if Cabinet sugges- ,
tione were still 'pouring in' he replied : '
I "They are not pouring in. they're
! Juat drizzling now "
Incidentally. Mr Wilson rOVOOJod
that he was looking over the field to
pick a man as secretary of the proposed
department of labor
' Everybody seems to be agreed that
the bill now pending Itefore Congress
creating a department of labor wjll
pass " said the c.overnor
Sits with Legislature.
For the first time in the history of
the State, the (Jovernor of the State
'o-day with th?- Legislature Mr
Wilson washed the Legislature elect
William Hughes to the I'nred States
"I never ?aw a I'nited S'ates Sena?
tor elected. he said, afterward* H>
extended his congratulations in pwooa
to flDIIOlm tlx 11 Hughes arid sen' the
following telegram to ano'her ft loud,
Wi.'lard Salisbury vho was oloctod
: nitod State- Sena'or to-day from
Delaware after a long deadlock
"My heartiest congratulations. I
am delighted that we ore to be ?nti
mately assona'ed The outcome seems
it. ?ser>- war admirable.''
?lames H Patten, of the Farmers'
t'nion of America. to-<lay urged the
President.ele. ? t.. appoint C. S Bar?
rett, of Oc.rgia president Of f ha? or?
ganization as QmiMilaiJ of Agriculture
\tr. Wilson said to-night that he had
ac< epted no invita' ion* to speak ln''i??n
Mar h * and the following autumn
He has had many offere- of summer
homes in other States. He said to
nigh' that the lease on the house m
which he lives at Princeton would
expire soon and he w?.u!d give it up.
but that he would r**ain his legal resi- .
dence In N>? .Jersey
IS TRUST IN CONTEMPT?
Investigation of Charges Against
standard Oil Now Coder Wa>.
*v\ ashing*on January 19?-The ques?
tion whether there has been violation
of the decree dissolving the Standard
Oil Company, in accordance with the '
mandate of the Supreme Court, was '
considered to-day at a conference at
the Hepartmen' of Justice by lames
A Fowler, aseis'atit to the AttOVTMjr*
Oer.eral : Charles H. Morrison, special
assistant, and Oliver ? Pagan, an at?
torney of the department Messrs
Morrison and Pagan ir lmmedia'
i harge of the government 's oil investi?
gation, have .:ust returned from PHtO
bargfc, 'vhere they inquired in:o the
operations of the former subsidiaries
of *hc "trust."
No conclusion *aa rca> hed as to
whe*h?r the situation warranted the
institution of contempt proceedings
The qijffinn will be settled, however,
before the expiration Of A *torn*y
Oeneral Wickersham'* term of offi'-e
The situation in Texas. wh<r<> John
D. Archhold. IL C. Kogler. Jr . and
W C. Teagle ..f the Standard Oil. and
o'hers have been indicted for the'
alleged vtola'iun of the Sherman law. .
also was discussed. In connection with
a report from I'nited State* Attorney
Afweli. ..f Dallas, making suggestions
and recommendations aa to the result of
a re'-?nt supplemental in vest iga* ion of
the condition* Cnder orders of the
A"orney-Oeneral. beiauee he believed
the evidence was insufficient to sustain
?he indictments, the warran'* for *h<
arrest of Me-srs Archhold. I ogjcr and
Teagle have been heid up tij<jjj<? Meek
of Pallas a few days ago is.-ued a new '
?e ? of warrants Before making nry
further movement, the Attortiey-Oen
eral will thoroughly digest Mr Atwell's
JOHN C. GARNER DEAD
< lalmed to Have Planted llr?i lo|.
eral Flag In Richmond.
;?pc i?! to The TimesDispatch I
p..ttsvilie. Pa . January i?.? John
C. Oarner a pioneer cPi7.cn died in
dav He was born in Pottsville in lv*C
and achieved distinction in the Cnion
Arm> When H" hmond fell he wa?
on the gunhoa* Lila?-, and claimed 'he
honor of ha-. Ing planted the first Cnion
flag in ?he < onfederate city He was
S one of 'he organt~er? of the Ashland
Mr Oarn?r had a most enviable
record in boih army and navy branches
1 of the Federal service To the time
of his death he was prominent In -h?
j Orand Armv of the RcpaMa and a
i charter member of the I O O F ar..l
I I and ^ M havin* held offices In
thoae orders h< \ arious times during
h ? l..r?g snd t..;?. lire
Final Action 4 nines T .<-u, .
Vtashingp-n ;?nuarv 1* ? mal ir.
Unn on the resolution proponing a
sHx rear presidential tsrtr to be sub
mil fad aa a c -oner i' u I ? otasJ amoodmcrrt
to the Stale* will he Iahen rn the
Mena'e before adi >urnment to morrow
T?i' Works resolution which ha* hern
pending for ?everal month* was made
a *p"< ial otder ..f bu*ir>ens It i?
hniiercd the mwM'ire will hare a slr-.n*
majority in it* favor Th*
amendment. If ratified by lw?
?f thn Plat** vou!4 bec-errra too.
ARE SENT TO JAIL
Now Threaten to Start
LEADERS SAY IT
IS WAR TO KNIFE
Prisoners Refuse Option of Pay?
ing Fines or Going to Jail, and
All Come to Court Prepared
for Their Fourteen Days'
London JanuaryM, ?' General ' Mr?.
Drummorid and thirty other militant
suffrage! t?-n will spend the nejtt fourteen
davs m jail be< auf" of their determina?
tion to force Dur id Lloyd-George,
chancellor of she exchequer, to receive
then- a? a deputation in the i',,u>.e,,t
Commons la** evening. All the pi pod
ere declared in court after they were
sentenced that thcv would immediately
star' a "hunger strike. '
Mrs. Drummond complained that
the police handled her roughly when
she was arrested She declared the
patrolmen had thrown her in the mud
It is now war to the knife she
told the magistra'e, and continued :
"You and Mr Lloyd George have a
lot of trouble ahead of you. You will
have to do the diry work, and you
will have plenty of M "
Prefer to Go to Jail.
The women ali refused the option
which was offered them of paying a
, fine instead of going to Bflaoa
Mow Street Pottoo Court looked like
a busy railroad station when the
suffragettes were arraigned Mos- of
the women had made preparations to
go prison They carried boxes, bags,
blankets and fur-lined coats.
Fourteen days' imprisonment was
the sentence pronounced on most of the
suffragettes brought up to-day at the
various police courts in London The
accused women included window smash?
ers and 1< tfer-box dameg-rs as well as
the raiders of the House of t'ornmons
under the leadership of Mrs. L?rum
Some of the women who had shat?
tered valuable plate glass shop windows
were comrf.it'ed for trial at the old
Mrs. Denpard. a leader of the mili?
tant suffragettes, who. with two women
companions, was OMstO&COd yesterday
to fourteen days' imprisonment on the
charge tif resis'ing the poiice. was re?
leased this evening some unknown
person paying hei fine of ti Mrs.
IJespard. who is a sister of General Sir
John French, had refused to accept the
option offered by the magistrate of
paying a fine und was sent to jail.
On bemi: notified of her release -o
ti i?f hat the ?uffragetti? leader said
Whoever paid that fine was no friend
of mme. flu" I am going to fight
The suffragettes resumed their win- ,
dow breaking and post box outrages on,
a smail scale to-night, but their en- \
deavors were sufficient to maintain a j
state of nervous apprehension an.ong
the shopkeepers and the large bodies of
police and private watchmen guarding
tjie streeis and buildings
The windows in some of the govern?
ment (ft es and in the office of the
Hamburg- American Packe- Conipany
were broken A few arres's were made.
PROBE OF 1912 CAMPAIGN
Senate Committee Will Go Into Post
Office Department's AitlGtle*.
Washington January JS ?Investiga?
tion of alleged activity of the Post
Office Department in connection with
President Tap s ? ampaign is forecasted
as one of the first developments before
the Senate Campaign Kxpcnditures
Commit'ec as the result of the Senate's
to-day extending the committee's au?
thority to cover the campaign ending
November 3. 19IJ
The resolution passed the Senate
without opposition It is understood
that Senator Clapp. chairman of the
investigating committee, contempUitee
calling Post mast er-General Hitchcoc k.
< harlcs I> Hilles Republican national
chairman and others connected with
the Republican campaign as the firs;
Representatives of the other political
parties also will he summoned to tell
of receipts, expenditures and political
activities between the nominating con?
ventions and the election
HEIKE LEARNS HIS FATE.
He 1> In Surh < ondltlon That Nothing
Matters Murh to Him.
Jersty City. N I . January J*.?
Knends broke r.. Charles R HoitM
to-day 'he news that the Crtited SU'n
Supreme < ouf had affirmed the ci.p
ri'tion of implication m the weighing
frauds of the American Sugar Refining
Company, of which he was se?retary.
and that he must s-rve his s*-nten- e of
eight months imprisonment and pav a
? of $',.??! Mr Heike has been ill
with hesjrt disease and the dea-ision
was ?irbhe'd fron, him until wha*
?eenied to he a propitioii? moment
His illness began soon after the dca'h of
his daughter last srping
Mr Heike 's in such a condition
physt?allv and mentally from the shock
<>r his daughters sudden dea-h and
other calamities." said a men-it?r . f
the fanulv to da-. that nothing can
matter much to him. Wedotibt if favor
able i onsiderat|on in his rssr by -he
court, would have helped him
It was r< ported to-day that a physt
< ian represef'ng -h? t-,d--ral 'curt hi
which Mr Heike is under bond, will
examine him and that if he finds the
patient ?anno- be removed withou
danger t? hts health his arre?f will t.e
PARCEL POST COSTLY
Railroads Ma? l^?se AT Per < rat nf
Klare?? Kr? r Rae?.
Washington January jp ?Ralph
Peters presides- ,.f -he |x>ng Island
Railroad to-day told the lotnt congres
atonal .ommittee investigating rail
rood mad com petition, that New
r.ntrtand railroads were heavy lowers
on their tsilwav m* ?? -
W. W Baldwin. Ww peoatdent of the
Rurllngton Railroad declared that
with the growth of :br p.,.,
rtawttWi'tli sould lose K per real In t ho
reveauea from expreaa < orapante*
W. W Safford of the 11ahaprtl Atr
Line, was examined
estimatod ?not of the
ENGLAND'S MILITANT SUFFRAGETTE LEADERS
Services to Nation Must Not
lie Used to Cloak
ANSWER TO MRS. LONGSTREET
I Attorney-General Carmody
Tells Her That Sympathy and
Criticism Are Misdirected.
j Albany. N". Y.. January 29.?The
? fame i?f General Daniel K. Sickles as
, a soldier should not deter New York
- ? .? :?. M ? Kflton ? i "??# t ? ?? s^: !'?
unaccounted for By the general a*
' hairman of the New York Monuments
' Commission. This s the new ad?
vanced by AttOrBCy-OnwraJ Cani.ody
' in a letter to-day to Mrs. Helen D.
' Lor.gstree!. of Gainesville Ga . widow
of the Confederate General.
; In a telegram to Attorney-General
Carmody Mrs. Longstreet offered to
! raise f?H.47i from the ragged and maimed
! followers of Lee."
A'torney-General Carmody s letter
' says :
"Your sympathetic and patriotic
expressions do justice to your heart,
but they do violence to tbe facts in
this < ase. General Sickles is bemg
prosecuted by the State of New York
for converting ??> his own use the sum of
This money came into his hands
as chairman of the State Monument?
Commission, to M used, among other
purposes for the erection of monuments
to mark th? resting places on the field
of Gettysburg of the brave soldiers who
fell in defense of their country and to
provide for a celebration upon the
field i'f C'ttysburg in which those
living might participate a: the State'*
expense ir. a fitting manner
"Genera! SPkles appropriated this
amount la his own use. This he has n<>
attempted to justify or to defend, ad
mi'Mng that he took the S'atc s money
for private use without authority of
law. an ac* which, under our laws and
under the laws of all civilized govern?
ments, means stealing He was give n
his own time to repay this amount and
that tlnn- wasex-ended a* his suggestion,
wi'hou- any desire to embarrass hin:
and wrh -he fuil appreciation of the
claim which hi has upon this nation
for the greaT *OTtOM he rendered in tfea
; rebellion T hcev *ervt? cs cann<<: M
over-estimated, hu* even the fame of
? he ?i.Idler must not be used as a cldak
I or protection for the commission of
i. rime, and M is nothing less than mis
i fprei >ed sympathy to undi r'ake to so
. or fuse the questions Involved in which
? to make an ordinary prosecution for a
Cime seem like persecution and to
'elevate as a martvr a person who < on
kjJM hia dereliction
New York State appreciates her
: heror- and fee's humiliated a' the spec
! taele which thin case presents. New
i % ork sta'e ilsi respe. tj her laws and
I seeks to enforce them in a spirit of
cqualit y to all.
"I trust this brief s'atemei.* of the
fac's will ?how you how crron?-ou? have
r.ccn ymj' views, how mi?pla< cd \<<u:
sympathy and how miedirc '??<! roar
. rit h i?m
Devote His Earnings
?Haara. ???.. Janaar> T!l- M. /.
'Hike, of Pallas. Texas, former!, of
I.cords. know a throughout the
Wotithwest a* the "Flte-tent store
Klag." ba* saved op saore than
? i no.noo from hi* business, and
hereafter win devote the earnings
of hi* lnentT-or>e ?torrs la (hrtn*
tlnalt). Mr. Pake, who la visit
Ing relative* here, stated lodii
tkal he and hi* ntfe rerentl) decided
that lhe> had eaoagh s?oae> and
covenanted ?Ith Ihelr ronselenre*
to rnwtiihute ihe halanre nf their
earning* to ? hrlsttan work. The;
made the covenant effective Jan
njary I last
Wince ?tartlng In hw*lnr??. Mr
Pake sajs, he alwa, ? ha* giren a
tenth nf M? earning* to the rfenrek.
and he attrlbate* hta naeress tbl*
**!???? year f asnde sawethinc
oter ?? I. own." said hfr. Dane, "and
I I think hr Increasing Ike nnmher nf
SSI staves I ran lri<Tca?e the earn?
ing, la IM.MO. abtrb shall he ased
a? I bars agreed."
kMr*. Paukhurst Is directing the nrw
oiChrrak of violence, following the de
fra of thr suffrage bill in parliament.
Mfu Pankhurst was arrested for re?
fusing to leave the. house oi ronimitus
while trying to Interview Chancellor
Us>] d-Ceorge. Mrs. Despard was sen?
tenced to two weeks' imprisonment
for participating in Monday night's
IN HIS REMARKS
He Attacks Bill Proposing
Confident That People of
Islands Are Not Ready for
\\ ashing'on. January 2??President
Taft in his farewell speech to the Ohio
Society of Washington, to-night, vigor?
ously attacked th<- hiil now pending in
Congress proposing autonomy and inde?
pendence hi eight years for the
"Is it possible " asked th- President,
"that the Democratic party is going to
.-ersc the policy that has vindicated
itself by ten years' experience merely
for the purpose of conforming to the
cobwehbed planks of forgotten plat
forms'' Will they not. before they take
such an irretrievable step, obtain re?
liable information as to the conditions
tha' obtain in the islands' This issue
has beep relegated to the Itmho of free
silver and the narrow doc'rine of States'
rtatwta' Those who continue to gr.-.- gajl
their l:i< ub'a'ions on the Philippines
are now bjgg than those who cxpe. t 'o
a'-t? nd the inaugural ball "
< lark l>erllnes Debate.
Sneaker Clark, followed the Presi
der- de. hned *o debate wuh Ma
on 'he Pfiocrmtb polfty of indepen?
dence for tb" PhilliDines
I am not going to debate ; ha
cj'.cst.on ?.' Philippine independence
with President Taft, said Mr Clark.
I hii-i- no inclination to make a
Philippine speech, and I'm not going
: to either. I wish We ware out of there
in as go"d shape as we were when
we got it In ;o , ordan-e with the
Democrati< platform I did no' make
it--we are comm111e?| to a policy I
bi M.-vi tha' when a man gcf? office
an a plalforin !>?? should religkmslyl
p -? aw '?? th" plank* tha' are in that
plat tot* i
President Taft began his address
with an ? -.;-ig- ..f Presplcn- M Kinlry.
t-ron> aewkva of McKinley he turned
to the Philippines and Saul in par'
' Af'er three admintslta'ions and
more have passed, and after two su<
? es?i ????? :<??? :? I.' : ll ? .ttt paigns Wl'h
silence on "h<- Philippines as the issue
? h? nun'' - asked '?. n..i'. e a ? bangt
We mt. ?sei ?.. me?t -, re. rude*, rn. .
of opposition '.. our Philippine polk
.. ?b* threat a m ba I 'he hands af
lime to reverse the verdict of a dead,
and to gi-e up all our achievements for
a nrs experiment ah ich can only re
suit In confusion and humiliation and
Involve U?. in mternaf inoal com pet i
tion* and bring i?* again with damaged '
preatige to an abandonment of thai
People >?! K .
<< ontintwd ?Mk ??oottd Pagcj
PARTY WILL NOT
Pledges Will Be Carried Out in
Matter of Tariff
MANY PROTESTS ARE MADE
Boot and Shoe Dealers Plead
for Retention of
Washington January 29?An un
I US. OS?fill flgh: 10 havo the Houso Com?
mittee on Ways and Means retain the
prOawnt tariff of 10 and 15 per cent ad
valorem on boote and shoes occupied
most of to-day's session. Chairman
t'ndrrwooa. of the committee, flatly
told the gathering of representatives of
the wholesale and retail shoe industries
of the country that the tariff was now
prohibitive, that there was no revenue
and that retention of the present
rates was impossible. (Questions of the
committee indicated a sentiment favor?
able to a big drop in those rates.
Numerous spokesmen appeared for
the various branches of the shoe busi?
ness, national associations of the manu?
facturers, wholesalers and retailers,
and of the labor unions, all favoring
the present duties M l'nderwood
said rh* Democrats did not propose to
play favorites as between industries
in the work of carrying out tho party
oledge for revision downward . that
he hoped there never would be a Dem?
ocratic tariff so below the rea?onably
' competitive basis as to close down any
factory in the country, he and others
of the committee wanted to write such
rates as would stimulate a reasonable
competition He strggestr-d that the
final arbiter, the American people, at
the last election, had rendered a verdict
for "tariff for revenue ' instead of "fori
protection." and that you cannot ex
pect us to write a prote. five 'n-iff inn I
if only .' per < en'
Predicts Wage Reduction*.
This foreshadowing of the I uiocra - j
tic policy of the coming ejtr.i session of
Congress came abou' in the examina?
tion of J Krankiin \l< Klwain. of Boston
?on. head of a large shoe manufactur?
ing company Mr. McKlwain pro?
te?* ed that a drop to .' per cen* ad
valorem would mean NM .tholution of
the manufa< timers profits, and that
putting shoes on the free list gradually1
would resui' in w;tge reou. 'mn' The
ultimate consumer. " he agreed. ' would
benefit by free shoes, but it would strike
a Mow at an immense industry
Are you willing as a witness under
o.ih. insisted Mr. l'nderwood. 'to
? fate thosi if we put shoes on the free
Hftl 11 is going to wipe out American
tin petition with foreign sh>?cs ' Mr
McEIwain hesitated, and finally said
No n ldi'ig however that workmen
Woul I he forced to accept less wages
The committee was curious to know
why tariff was necessary when the
American manufacturers were seilmg
sho<?. in eighty-seven countries in
one Instance at the Tery "door of
|x tit*on " I
Mr MrKIwain said ftp..:-. ?-?? -v.
< riterion of competitive conditions, and
"that you ran sell a go|>l In. k m m. .'
country. It s the salesman that, turns
the tri. k
There were numerous other witnesses
today and to-night, covering ntanv
subje,.ts from asbestos to aigr< "es and
from diamonds to ? ranety of w...-;
What tnderaood's Hat < n?t.
While James Marshal', representing
'he fur felt hat Indus" , was
again?l the duty on raw Pia'crial u?ed
in t?e fur felt hat ndu-ir-. M at?
tendant pU> e,| h, i fei?
hat It was Mr I nd> ? ???>.. i ? jM the
chairman asked the of ptwAtaoMtfl
that hat In Italy, where rt ??< made.
Mr Marsha'l said 'he hat cooM ho |
manufoctured in I' ' ' about *?
? enta. and tha' un "untsd
the selling prl. e of N
the retailer - -
as abs. rt?od by
Victory in Delaware
Makes Plain Sailing
Victory in One of These Doubt?
ful States Would Entirely Re?
move Any Element of Uncer?
tainty?Election of Sauls
bury Gives Party Leaden
Washington, -January 29.?With the
election to-day of Willard Saulsbury
a? United States S< nator from Delaware
the Democratic strength in tho next
Senat" swung from the precarious fig?
ure of forty-eight, or exactly one-half
of the Senate, to the total of forty
nine, majority of two.
Mr. Saulsbury's election added ha
the victory recently secured in Tenneas
see, assures the Democratic party abso?
lute control of the Senate after March
4 The vot<- of Vice-President Marshall
would have been the deciding factor
in any event, but the addition of an
other Democratic vote to the column
gives the party leaders what they believe
be u saf<- margin for tariff and leg?
Contests still exist in the Legisla?
tures of New Hampshire. West Vir?
ginia and Illinois with a total of four
Senators to be elected about whose po?
litical affiliations doubt now exista. A
victory in any one of these S'atcs would
so materially strengthen the Demo?
cratic party that the Senate would be
completely removed from the element
The attitude of the Progressives and
'he progressive Republicans upon tariff
matters is as yet unknown, but the
margin of strength promised to the
Democrats makes it unnecessary. It is
believed, to count upon any combina?
tions with the Progressives.
Of the entire membership of ninety
six Senators, sixty-three will hold over
beyond March 4. Of these thirty-two
are Republicans and thirty-one Demo?
crats. The terms of thirty-two Sena?
tors expire in March and there is. In
addition, one vacancy in Illinois
Thus far seventeen Democratic Sen?
ators have been elected and the elec?
tion of Senator Daoon. in Ocorgia. is
certain, making eighteen Democrats ba
take the oa'h of offlce March 4
The opposition forces, including both
the Republicans and the 1'rogrpseives.
have elected eleven new Senators. The
Senate after March 4 will stand as fol?
lows, if the deadlocks are not broken
in Illinois, New Hampshire and West
Democrats, forty-nine: Republicans.
forty-three : vacancies, four.
Election Is Ratified.
Cheyenne. Wyo , January 2?.?The
, WjTW?Ing Legislature ;o-day ratified
the election of Francis E. Warren to
i succeed himself in the United State?
Only Three Votes Against Him.
Santa Fe. N M . January 2!) ?The
State Legislature to-day rutifled the
j election of Senator A. B lall Detno
i erats voted with the Republicans and
i only three negative votes were recorded.
Little Rock. Ark.. January 3*.?
; toseph T Robinson. Democrat, was
' to-day elected I'nited States Senator,
to succeed the late Jeff Davis, by the
Arkansas Legislature in joint session.
Governor Robinson s election to the
Senator?hip is for the long term begin?
ning March 4 His election will neces?
sitate a special election for Governor.
Governor Robm?on has served -everal
terms in Congress, resigning his seat
i few ok- .??:?-, "?? o. j.iiif . f.,r s nator.
Thompson Succeeds CUrtl>
Topeka. Kan-?., ianuary 29?William
II. Thompson, a Democrat, was elected
United States Senator to auceeed
Cha-les Curtis by the Kansas Legisla?
ture in joint session to-day.
Saulsbury Win* In Delaware.
Dover. Dei . January 29. ? Willard
Saulsbury. Democrat, was to-day elect
ed_ Cnited States Senator from Dela?
ware to succeed Senator Harry Rich?
Concord. N II January J*.?Ten
Democrats broke away from the party
candidate. Henry P. Hollis. and voted
f,,r !!..t.cr; f Rase. Progressive when
to-day s ballot for Cmted State. Sena?
tor was taken in the Legislature
Hollis s total fell to ls7; Edward X.
Pearson. Republican, received IJT votes,
and Base 31
Twenty-nine vo'es were scattered.
The deadlock continue*
HOBOES IN SESSION ~?
Sensation 4 rested When Delegate
"t omes from Heaven."
New o ianuary J??The ron
?? say on*