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The times dispatch. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, May 27, 1914, Image 6

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I'uhllxhril r?rrr ?I?? ?" ????? ?e?ir '?>
The 'riuic?-l>li?l?n?<'h IMililUUluu Co., l??*.
?rule DISPATCH Founded >850
Aildrrnii nil eomtniinlci?tlon?
? 1'rlrpliiiuc Mtmrof 1
l*iilill?-n 11?? ii utile c. ... to N. Truth Street
South Hlehmond 1020 llrll Street
? JVtcrnluirK 10!? V. Sj?-nmore Street
K) m-h InirK ills l'ilKlilll Street
llnnhrii'ik. Story .V llrooUw, lite.
Sjiecliil Ad? ertl*liiK Itepreiientnt I ve?,
Nevi ^ nrk -??" Kittli Avenue
Vhllmlrliihlfi >lut?ml I.lte ItullilluK
I'htcnKo l'eople'n llullillint
IIT M AII. One Sis Three One
i POsTAOK V \ID. Year. Mo?. Mm. Mo.
Iinll* ntnl Sumlfcy. .9(1.1X1 JII.IHI SI .50 ..15
Dfillj only 4.01) 2.<N> 1.110
hunilii; only. i li.OO l.OO .5(1 .???
(It TlnteN-Dlftpntcli t nrrter Ilellvery
Service In Itlohinoud (nml mihurb*! end ?
I'rlrri'liiiri;? Ono \UoK
llnllv ii HIi Snndny 15 eentB
Dally without Stiudny I" cents
htiniiny only '' cents
I'ntered Jnimnry 1!", 1005. ?< Hleh
munil, \n.. n* Hrconil-eliiM? mntter^nn
ilrr net of f'onixrcMH of March II. 1STU.
Wednesday, may :t. 1914.
Richmond extends welcome to tl?c
pood roads bullilcrs.
The Why of It.
Huorta's belief in Ills divine right
to rule Is another evidence of liis un
fitness to rule. So long ns there are
men in Mexico ho bellevo in the
right of the few to govern the many j
without their consent, and so long as
they arc upheld in this anachronism
by the nations of the earth, so long
will there be turmoil and strife in
(hut uufortunate country.
The Juvenile Protective Society haa'
declared for oompulenry education.
No Ciiaus Belli Here.
It does not He with this country
to become outraged that Mexicans
lired at our army aeroplanes, if those
aeroplanes were over tho Mexican
lines. Mexico has the right to pro
test against the presence of the aero
planes. Who doubts that a skirmish
ing party of Mexicans caught within ;
the American lines would have been
hred upon by American soldiers if
they did not surrender upon demand?
An army aviator is a scout, and his
presence over the enemy's lino is not
likely to be wclcoiued save with bul
Does any one really believe any
thing -will come of the proposal for
n combination ilbrary-oourt-nudltorlum
building? Does any one believe It was
intended that anything should come
of It?
Not un Unfriendly Act.
Premier Asqulth has announced
Great Britain's final decision to de
cline to participate In the Panama
Exposition. This action will furnish
additional ammunition to the Anglo- .
phohlsts of the United States, but
others will remember that the 1 Louse
of Commons and the business men of
Knglaud favored participation. They
will be Impressed also by Premier As
qulth's denial of unfriendly intent
and his rcferenco to tho fact that
Great Britain will take part in the j
ceremonies attending tho opening ol
the canal.
Whatever the reason for the Cab
inet's refusal to have the Knglish na
tion represented at Hail Francisco,
and however mistaken we may think
that policy to be, we have no reason j
to BUi'pect in it any unfriendliness. I
Investigating committees nrn not al
v ,iys? made for Investigation.
More Aid l?>r Democracy,
Colonel Roosevelt and his Progres
sives have determined to attack the
Democratic administration all along
the line, but will direct their heaviest
?verbal artillery at two points. The
Panama tolls question and tho Col
nmblon treaty are the two points of
attack selected.
Tin Democrats' could ask notWrtg
better JJven Colonel Roosevelt caii
j.ot stir the country against the pro
po il to reimburse a weak nation
lor properly conl'e.-sedly taken Iroiu
it bv a more powerful nation, liven
Colonel ltoosevelt cannot arouse a
people to indignant protest against a
redemption of treaty pledges.
If the. Democratic party 1* to be
attacked lor the crime of being hon
est with itself, with its country and
with all tho world, it is a matter of
indifference if the assailant be a
}Icar l or a Roosevelt.
-'uppobe the Council doee i ccommend
half-million-dollar bond Issue for a
Tn?.-nftroolty' Doch any ore believe
iho people will approve?
The Outlook for Pan-Americanism.
Ciiarhs H. Flint, United States
repri . '-niativc ot the First Interna
tional American Conference, occasion
al representative in the United States
of many South American countries,
arid with long business connection
with Latin- \inerica, believes the me
diation proceedings at Niagara hold
the germ of a great force for good to
North and .South American natiom
I'pn-Aiuerit anit in, In think s, will
prove the only means by which sta
bility ol government can be estab
lished in Mexico, and It Is this Pan
Americanism which he expects to sec
developed from the mediation j ro
Mr. Flint, who is a warm sup
porler of the Wilson policy iu \!i \
Jco, believes that the trouble: o: ti:<
administration and of the Constitu
tionalists will 'oe but in the- beginning
with the capture of Mexico City by
t'arranza and Villa. Rrlei'.y, hi be
lief li> that, will) the ciimiiu.iioji ( ;
the Clentlllcos, which <!a. fiirni !.-??
the inor-t able adminl: trator: , lie
Constitutionalists will fac? great iiii
jiculty in tho pacification and gov
? rnmoyt of the country Th? will
need outride aid In re torlng order,
inaugurating a new ivst< ni of land
distribution and In putting ii ?.<? ? >n
the many reforms n?:'-?'..siry 'f
itrong government Is to he ? tablish
< 1 and peaco maintained. Such lib
slstance, he thinks, could not bo
given by the United States acting
alone, as suspicion of aggressive in
tent would bo Inevitable*. "A inor
or less united Mexico in opposition
would be the result," lie Kays. "Fur
thermore, wo, as a nation, do not
understand the Mexican mind," and
would bo at groat disadvantage, in
aiding in setting up a government
suitable for the Mexican people. With
other Latin-American nations join
ing with us and assuring the Mexi
cans of our disinterestedness, Mr.
Flint Is sure tho required assistance
could bo given the Constitutionalists
in their task of restoring Mexico. Tu
dor such conditions, he tells tho Now
York Evening I'ost. confidence would
l?e felt, and tho best minds of the
United States, of Latin-America and
of the Constitutionalists would be
equal to the great work.
Mr. Flint's confidence In the ulti
mate success of President Wilson's
policy Is encouraging, and his advlco
is worth careful attention. Few
Americans are bettor acquainted than
ho with tho nations to tho south of
us, and what ho says is f^om experi
ence and knowledge of condition and
character of the people with whom
we are dealing. The mediation pro
ceedings at Niagara, ridiculed us they
aro to-day by some Intelligent peo
ple, may not havo any great imme
diate effect, but it is possible that
they mean the beginning of a Pau
Aiuericanlsm which will strengthen
the ethical sense of the Monroe IJoc
trlno and finally bring peace and
prosperity to all Latin-American na
tions and good will between those re
publics and their great brother of
tho North.
Three thousand educated children
moans 3,000 educated citizens. We
need them.
Renins Not tlie Greatest.
Mr. Mellon does not lack In astute
ness nor in courage, though some
people think Ills candor in testifying
before the Interstate Commerce Com
mission 1s a blend of the instinct of
self-preservation and brazenness.
However that may be, Mr. Alellen
does lack one trait, and that la a
clear perspective. "Tho greatest
force In tho world Is brains," ho said
the other day. "and Mr. Morgan had
Tho greatest force In the world is
not brains. It Is. Instead, a combi
nation of morality and justice. When
to these is Joined brains, tho trium
virate is Irresistible, and always will
In abstract brains, Napoleon led
his time. What became of Napoleon,
pitted against the morality and jus
tice of an outraged Kurope? Call
through history tho role of tho Illus
trious ones, from Home to to-day,
and tho answer Is that one and all
they fell, unless the powers of mo
rality and justice were engrafted ou
to pure Intellect.
The final proof is this:
Mr. Morgan and Mr. Ilarrlman.
had they lived, might, as Mr. Mellon
thinks, have had the power and re
sources to control every mile ?if
American railroad. Their dominion
would have lasted only while the
American conscience was chloro
Brain-power is excellent. !n the
world's work It Is Indispensable. Un- I
] oss buttressed and balanced by
morality and justice, it becomes a
vain or a destructive l'orco. ?
The Democratic progressives stand
pat on the canal tolls Issue.
Almost at the same moment Rear
Ad miral Peary was receiving the
gold modal of the French Geographi
cal Society for the discovery of the
North Polo, Senator William Alden
Smith was presenting to Congress a
petition rrom several thousand citi
zens of Michigan, who want Hr. Took
ofliciallv recognized n.t entitled tit
that distinction.
Evidences that sentiment for Cook
still linger are not unique. On his
recent leeturo tours he has often been
greeted by large and enthusiastic au
diences. As a rule these people
were not driven by more curiosity to
see the man. as John Burroughs puts
it, "who stole the North Pole." i'hey
believe in the validity of Cook's
claim:', and they will probably go to
tl.eir graves linn in that conviction,
unless the .. ood doctor himself re
cant:? and there is little probability
of that, development :to long as ho is
a good drawing card.
Persistence of loyalty to Cook is
further testimony to tho American
love of humbug, the vast capacity
hero resident for credulity concern
ing which the late lamented Barnum
made his famous epigram The news
papers, with their exploitation of
Cook, are partially responsible. The
unfortunate temperament of Peary
a factor. More dominant sliil are
tho e vagrant peculiarities of human
viewpoint which are constitutional!;,
opposed to the accepted view when
there Is any plausible way around It.
I'leeanse Paris wom?*i? showed jrrc.it
diversity of opinion In unswon::;* th.?
cij? -lion a;? to what man tl.\v
prefer ?'? he, I.o Pl^aro prow ?.?i
i.i: tic and ehuslc. quoting "Yarlum ct
mutahllo semper fc:nlnB.'* Vet if the
. amc question had 1?m ii asked < f men
the result would have be<*n the name.
cS=r-.*=?r -- ? - ii .?
The New York Kvi r.li ?< Post wor
(>r? what will be> the effe t or th.i
present dance epidemic upon the l.*w\
f.'ua:-e of Americans Of more ic.i
!? .(i-taveo is it> eiltfct upon tho const!
tutl": i f Amer Ion' ;?
Ve- l.'.ti h pili. ?? always hets on
11/ V.! ? l."i: >. Uui.'hy nhowlng hi>
!;!?:? h'p t > ?? <<( <ommon clay.
The Col -.el ? come bnck
Aiiierlc: \ ut riui he come back from
: JI f It pa
Oct mark In l'->13 grow 11," <
b-ihhels '.f carrot*. nays an oxcliange
till, tli .t i i ;? < for win
The editor of the Outlook now gets
u vacation.
Wayside Chats With
Old Virginia Editors
"Wlicn tho President and tho Colonel
afe lunching together," asks tl\?> New-'
port News Press, "what would you
give for a record of their innermost;
thoughts?" Nothing; wo can guoas. '
Kach Is thinking, "I'll beat you to it
ill 1916." i
The Danville Iteglntor, tlx* fjyncli
burg News uud tho Norfolk Virginian
Pilot are carrying on a three-cornered
debate on the aeiioti 'j? the Methodist
General Conference in prohibiting tl>?
uh' of tobacco by its future min.utera.
'J ho ltegistor quotos tills from the
News, calling it "one of the most eon- >
scrvativo statements" It has seen: ;
"livery church has tho right to adopt (
j rules which those who would enter its
iuiiiis;ry shall observe; and tho o.\cr- ;
else of that right is bonellclai Just to
the extent that the rules adopted aro .
: wise. Whenever indulgence in any
habit or form of amusement is deemed j
! wrong by nu considerable iiumber of
persons, that such indulgence on the :
part of ministers might tend to weaken
the Itillucnce of the ministry, then, In
oiu opinion, it Is wise for ministers to ,
refrain?this not as a mailer of morals, t
but as a mallei ot" expediency. Wo
confess not t'k have seen any signs 01
such widesp: ? .id aniilobaccu sentiment
as lo mall)- the action taken by the
: Methodist conferciico necessary or do
. suable, but 11 the delegates to that
! conference hnvo seen such signs, or
! believe that In the near futuie such
; sciuiiiient will become widespread,
then was their action wisely taken."
I'iidouhlcdly, it is a clear, sane stato
in.'in tii ihe case, but J-t. l'aul put it
evfii better when ho said, "if moat
make my brothei to olfend, 1 will oat
no nitiut."
"Ho far, tho Washington Post hasn't
j threatened to close up shop and ex
i latiiale itself when the exemption pro
; vision of the I'anaiiia Canal act is te
' pouted,' notes the NoriolK Virginian
i'ilot. No such luck; wo will have to
be satistivd with the passago of tho
repeal act.
"In tho meantime." nays tho New
| port News Press, "the cause of i.'c
mocracy in the .Ninth IMsiriot Is suf
fering by the delay in dealing out the
plums." That is a matter which those I
people who are taking sides In the '
j squabble lip at Washington with I'ost
( master Burleson cannot down. it .
' stares them in ihe face, whatever the>
say. It is time for the recoiumcmin
tioiis, or piiue will go before tho laii
of tho democratic party in the Ninth
iJlntrlct. loot's have the recommeuua- j
t tiona
Tho Charlottesville Progress, speak
ing of the len.cni tieatuionl accorucu
the konuon militants, seems to ilnna
that, "(io, sin some more," has been
substituted for "Go, and sin no moie."
That is usually the case with tho
sentimentalists l'hoy attempt to
quote tso words of tho .Saviour, but
twist them to the meaning of tho re
vised quotation of the Progress.
"The home town newspaper." says
the Buchanan News, "is as essential
to a town as the retail merchants."
We give the full quotation: "The ex
tent nf the prosperity of the town de
pends upon how well the merchant and
editor pull together. Once lu a while
the remark is heard that the life of
the small town weekly or the lifo of
the small town merchant Is threatened
by Interest now centralizing in the
large cities, but this Is 1101 true. The
community is safe, iho local merchant
Is safe ami the editor In safe, so long
r.s we are olive and alert to our
neighborhood Interests and do the
things that should be oone to promote
community welfare.' Hut tho small
town newspaper needs the support of
the citizens of the town, it needs
llnanciai support as much as the mer
chant, but often it does not gc-t It.
QM WorM Gossip
OF the foreign envoys now leaving
Washington, some for seaside
and mountain resorts on this
Fide of the Atlantic, an;! others for Ku
ropc, there Is one alone whose farewell
to the President and to the Secretary
of State will be of a filial character,
ami who \\ til not return to the shores
of the Potomac in the ffll, namely, the
Marquis Ciisanl-Ooiifiilonleri. in tnak
ing his adleux at the White House, he
Is at the same time presenting his. let
tcrs of recall: letters from his sov
ereign. bringing to :t close his mission
a- ambassador of Italy to the United
His departure is deeply regretted,
not only by his diplomatic colleagues
and bv society in Washington, In New
York ami other leading cities, who have
found In him a most witty, gifted and
always sunny-tempered friend, but also
by the members of the past and pres
ent administrations, with whom his re
lations have been particularly cordial.
Hv his charm of mannc r. by his tact,
and above all by the mastery of his
calling, namely, diplomacy, he has suc
ceeded Iti smoothing away every diJll
eulty that has arisen between his coun
try and the I'nited States, since he
tir.'t came to America three years ago.
This Is something of an achievement
when i: Is borne In tnlnd that his coun
trymen furnish far and away the larg
cst foreign population In America; a
population which is constantly ebbing
t.i and fro across the Atlantic, and
which pla> s so important a role In the
Industrial life of tho United States
Pi.it there nr.- questions affecting its
inter* .lis a:ul its welfare which are
< instantly cropping up, and that have
to lie eared for with a duo regard to
American life, conditions, views and
The marquis's concluding ollicial act
as envoy has beet) the presentation to
the President of Commissioner-Gen
i ral Nathan, formerly Mayor of Homo,
ant! now on his way to San Francisco
I" take charge of Italy's exhibit at the
Panama World's Pair. Thin is par
ticularly tilting. For if Italy has d< -
( lined to Join Germany and Great Hrlt
ain iti holding aloof from the exposi
tion ni tho Golden Gate It is largely
owing to the efforts of tho retiring
Italian ambassador.
Among his achievements have been
th- successful negotiation of no lens
t :? n three treaties between this couri
iiitil Italy, the most important of
rhcui being undoubtedly that concluded
in February of last year, and approved
tiie ram,! month by the Senate, which
provides that "the citizens of each of
tie two nations shall recelvo In the
i-tates nd territories oT tho other the
i i>t constant security and protection
t >r their persons and property, and for
lii' r t.elits, including that form of
protection granted by any State or
ti.it; tii<l law which establishes a civil
r< -p"ti-Ibility for injuries or for death
caused by negligence or fault, and
? v. s to the relatives or heirs of tho
!? Mt . i party a right of action, not ie
- tri, t. ? | on account of tho nationality
<?!' ? ud relatives and heirs"
Ti s is a treaty, or rather an anicrid
! < i the original treaty of I n 71.
u iich is of far reaching Importance,
? 'i< ? rtiing as it does not only Italians
in America and Americans In Italy and
her dependencies, but also niout other
foreign countries, under the moat fav
ored nation treaty clauso In their re
lations with the United States. Under
Its terms It will bo far eaalor from
henceforth for Americans to obtain re
dreas abroad for Injuries to person ami
property, and for Italians and other
foreigners to aoeuro analogous rodreaa
In America, than has hitherto been
the cuso.
The Marquis Cusaul has likewise
been successful In demonstrating that
despite the much exaggerated conflict
of authority between tho Federal ad
ministration at Washington and tho
?State governments, of which so much
has been made In connection with tho
Japanese problem In California, It Is
generally possible to Induce the Statu
governments to listen to reasou
through tho agency of tho Stato Depart
ment at Washington. ?
Of tho powers of dlploinatlo persua
sion of tho Marquis Cusnnl, striking
illustration may bo found In the fact
that after a poor Italian widow had
sued one of tho great trunk lines of
railroad for damages for tho litiling
of hur husband, and had been defeated,
owing to proof that the death was duo
to his own hogllgence, tho ambassador
managed to Induce the railroad, as u
matter of policy, to make her a present
of a couple of thousand dollars, al
though it had been put to considerable
expense in defending tho ease.
If the Marquis Cusanl has taken but
little part In the galctlcr of tho past
.season at Washington, It has been
owing to the sudden death Iti January
last in Italy of a brother, to whom
ho was very deeply attached, and It
was only a sense of patriotic duty that
prevented him from hastening home to
attend tho funeral. But for all that, ho
will be much missed ut Washington,
where ho leaves behind him nothing
but good will, and Imbued with a sin
cere liking and comprehensive appre
ciation of American life and people,
will prove from henceforth a useful
friend of tho Trilled States In tho coun
cils of his King and of his nation.
A very curious suit which has Just
boon tried In tho London Court of Pro
bate, has had the effect of bringing to
light tho fact that wills and testa
mentary dispositions cannot bo mado
the instrument of ?;pltcful allegations,
or of po3t-mortem slander. Wills are.
so often used for this purpose by per
sons who wish to give expression to
their animosity against surviving rela
tives or acquaintances, that It Is Just
as well that It should bo widely known
that such refer- iicea are not allowed
by the courts to be Included In the
probate, an I are, as a rule, ordered by
the presiding judge of the Probate
Court to be eliminated from the testa
mentary document before It Is probated
und placed on record.
In extreme cases, post-mortem at
tacks of this kind on the living arc apt
to Impair the validity of the whole
will, or at any rate of portions thereof.
The case In which these facts wero
brought to light last week In London,
was that relating to the will of tho
late Itobert White, who In his testa
mentary dispositions held up his widow
to obloquy. Tho Judge took occasion
to stato from the bench that the words
complained of In the will were untrue,
libelous, and could not bo considered
by the court as In any sense testa
Testators should nlwavs remember
that attacks of this kind In their wills
are superfluous, since !t Is possible to
express nil that one wishes to convey
by menus of the bequest. Thus, when
one of the heirs is cut oft with a shill
ing. everybody knows tho testator's
opinion concerning the legatee. Just In
the same way that Shakespeare Im
mortalized his lack of regard for his
wife when he bequeathed to her noth
ing but his second-best bedstead.
Perhaps tho most libelous will ever
mado public was that of the First
Napoleon. For in ?t ho makes charges
of treason against Marshals Marmont
and Augereau, against the great Tal
leyrand, and against Lafayette, whilo
ho accuses tho Oomto d'Artols (after
wards Charles X., of France), of In
stigating murder, by maintaining at
his expense sixty assassins In Paris,
paid to take his, the Kmperor's life,
and that of the principal dignitaries
of tho realm. He likewise bitterly as
Falls In his will the Duko of Welling
ton. and bequeaths In a codicil 10.000
francs to a man of the natno of Can
tlllon for having made an attempt on
the life of tlio victor of Waterloo.
(Copyright, I'.ilt, l,y the Brentwood
The Bright Side
The Proper Mefnl.
Our battleships are built of steol.
In ono way that's not right;
Scrap Iron would more fitting he.
Seeing they're built to fight.
?Boston Tranucrlpt.
Knslly Ununited.
Creditor -Still no money? Look hero.
I'm mighty tired of this cvorlu&tlug
w aitlng.
I>ebtor?'Tlrod? John, fetch a chair
for the gentleman.?Fllegendc Blatter.
Clinched It.
lie?They say, dear, that people who j
live together get In time to look ex- j
actly alike.
She?Then yon may consider my j
refusal final.? London Opinion.
Xnir Fatality.
"An" >ou wero at MacDougal's last
nlcht?what kind o' malm Is he?"
"I.eebral wl" his whiskey-?but tho
quality n' It's that Indeefront I verra
near hit some!"?Kxchango.
The Shopping So*
Woman (popping into mourning
shop)?That's a nice little 'at In yer
winder, my dear. Yer might put It by
for me, will yer? 'K'snot gono yet,but
you never know, do yer??Tlt-Blts.
A. Modern Pierrot.
"Frauleln Hose, If you only knew
how I loved you! When I meet you
oti Monday morning, my heart wnzrs
with joy till Saturday evening like a
lamb's tall."?Fllegende Blatter.
Hlltrrnlnn Wit.
An Irish farmer was naked If he
used any of tlu> commercial fertilizers
on his land.
"No, sorr," he replied. "To my notion
there's nothing like tho old barnyard
"Nonsense man," said the other, "the
time Is coming when a man can carry
tho fertilizer for an acre of land In
one of his waistcoat pockets."
"Maybe he will sorr," returned Pat.
"An' he'll bo nblo to carry the crop In
the other pocket, I'm thlnkln'."?Boa
tori Transcript.
The sky Is clouded, tho rooks nro
The spray of the tempest Is wlilto In
The winds are out with the waves at
And 1 shall not tempt the sea to-day.
The trail Is narrow, the wood Is dim,
The panther clings to th<- arching limb.
The lion's whelps lire nbroad at play.
Ami I shall not Join In tho c.haso to
But tlii- whip hailed safely over the sea.
And the hunters eamo from the chase
ill g l<
Anil ?b< t? >w ii that was buMded upon
a ro
W.is swallowed up in nn earthquake
?Bret II arte.
What Was News
Fifty Years Ago
From tho Hlchmond niHpatch. Muy 27. 1901
i vft.li ** ot c,ccll?n took phico
if n .. 8? QU,el' ln tCiCt' W0 <lwubl
1,. "y 110 500 Pouplo know or
'"Olhlng about it. lloiiry K
I ton Wtt8.,rtAe,CUlod uhf?rl". Jj'ttlo
; ion ruzewell. Cuiuniomvealth's attor
ney; k. ^ Howard, dork of the courts.
son"31 rtuu;lBCO- Jobnson ami 131ly
wcro elected commissioners of
! revenue.
Two hundred and fifty prison??,
i8. M.10111 Ura,,t'H front, wore lundod
?? . . 1>rlso" yesterday, among thorn
thirty-sir olllccrg.
On Tuesday last Mrs. Sarah JiX
I lerco, of this city, died of typhoid
ie\cr. On tho name day hor husband,
* outoniiiit Hubert t?. I'lerco, wont Into
battle with Uonorul Uo9 army, and
? "jortally wounded, dying the noxt
?lay. Tlio numerous higher olllcurs had
aliQuOy ijlgncil the papers for a fur*
lough for Lieutenant i'lcrco to coin?
to the bedside of Ills dying wife, but
the bat Ho ou?no.I before the papers
reached hi in, and before the imelll
cenoe ?( ti?- crltleal Illness of his wile
could roach him, and slu> had passed
to the beyond without knowing of the
Jute of hor husband. The Interment
of the husband and wlfo took (dace
yesterday afternoon.
General I.ee .sent the body of the
l tilon Cenerul Wadswortli through tlio
under a flafi of truce, together
with a considerable sum of money, a
Kohl w;il< h and other valuables, r.und
? <>n his poison after lie was killed.
: All hi nuiet on tho Southstdc. and
trains are again running regularly on
, tho luchmond unit Petersburg ltall
j road.
General Winder's transfer from the
I'cpnrtiuont of Richmond Is to tho
! Military District, comprising
-outhern \ Irglnla and a portion of
North (arollna, embracing Weldon,
1 (.oldsboro, Washington. Klnston, I'ly
' nn?. 1 w. othcr polntti In tho last
( named htato.
? s,?co tho death of General J. 12. n.
1 ? tuart, his staff has reported directly
j to General H. !?;. I.ee. and are now
I ?'"ty with him. Tho cavalry
now has no head, except tho com.
ma inler-In-chief. They report hv dl
\ Is tons directly to him. It Is rumored
brnL.lf n.Cral l?e Will bo
of tifi J r? I""1 ,,1,1CC<I ?wmmuiid
of this ami of the service.
j To ,u"TH!n rimrrh Trouble
i v?ecu
repoYt u"?ll%xecwerro,nf,Jfrbf1i,,,7 'h'" tfi"
hied I., the Chm.Sory Court of 'v'V"
soma of tho memberi-. t?n be ,,,orl ?..u
??" W ?'ii
too detrimental and dVmaJlr ' ?. V"""'
u,r fjnioHijiji
illm to iiavr ?oiVverVe.'rt? ,l1ha, lhey bt"" ?
the i.na,,co, contrl^^^^ ?I
",a!" to the
?:n!i ^ VS:y Axi*
aVrgf J?treetlt"
Krowl S 'li't
dollar.'!. oria nmri, liiuusanda of
t?^U^Veasi7rar.'!a\\tho?h^vi?lrecHv?d'' "V
out the funds ol 1, , . ^ .i,nd " l,'l
dlrpi'tUm lhe (lrUMlr^" fh the'0Jl' ir.',V?
I" turn made yo.irly rcnor!? .i, 1,0
by"th? ui'urrh. UUr? rcce,vei1 "lid Adopted
nmlibit ^mVlo/',rt,,IOcor.M?,,ch 0"Kb,.?ed
lb? I act Ui'lt there <lu' l?
rimr.ii0 ?1!^:,-!
iriis>t??o, i lr rk. trfasur^r 4 r? Va
i" lift the church to n, ninJWCnty Jtara
leading ehurclie.s 01 th-?' cln ir, tho
o?Z:l"Ud- Which 1 **
Hchen^^vh^ tihZ CI?;,;td,r,i?.,? "efUte ,hrt?
l<> ruin my reputation and 1,1!?
o'^is>h 'ssrss I
lilttrr. 1 ha? ?vi;,e!" ^ey .elected tho
-tatcment. a,,d w?, p^oduce Jt ^Jhe^pVope? j
mV;;t" ;;r "?>? ??.? of ,h.
" lie liilo.s ;t nd n...|; .i ^r l b|tt"r
"?;i ?;d
chnroh t.ull.lInK lui t>nev?rUbKr thnl ,h,,
nsair.si the mrniliora or , barn*'l
lo;lro,i t,-, atton'l ..'rvi", ; \ one v h'?
all who want I.. h,?'*i irt ?1,(" I?>
'nJ.-Uoii^Vusue.'V.u'' Ihe'lu'r,?*14/1 on ,h" '
Of the city of Hlchinond. Va. ,Unrery Cuurt
Itlchmond.r May'''^,n,"'n ' "^{a^effch. I
Dinit Thou Art.
Slr.'?If'''th,?re' u T 1,0 '''hues-Dispatch:
country than' Illchnso'nVl' I* xvhn l'" S"
e- ??
nii?nd than of mhP' , * U ',,rb" ,,f ni"!"
^^IU"ne ??? here. Wliat*.h''1 he
lllchmond. Va.. Hay y,, 's> J
. .. rfalfttttV l.'n I'mnln
t>-nple have <>{ hlorklnr tif? ~i . e s?f"e
?itroo, rare? | h?; of "<?'
comfort bv b-'lni' niiciip.i 1 , ''very ill.-,
on a o.-! 1. while i coul.l 1, ? *paee
"?? tho front. My one r-nJf ?! V .?f r"n,n
?iudv .?r tho nnrhfiinui .1 \ ,H the
It !>r? s?nrs wViMioiVld i ,,rohJf?fn which j
stand In the middle of nil. ?i V- or '
tho d!.?i'oiufort t>r hi-vlnr o'ViTJo. Itnrt M'rfpr !
J11" his fee, In n.aklnyS,h??r "'RV" iVV
"" "orifldor i tlon for other? li . '.'S
from th;it h* woiitd li'.v* .^.. 2* l. Wo"M
I cannot --olve tho nrn) r himself, i
I woinot. Hotlnjf thus fniJi ?fJ10 ,nen '
MupMly ipnnar to bo pe plV of it le! V. "W" i
K/iKr-jrc rV?:i!sx "?ss:!
u"uk ?" U,? Mn"" whl-h ^eTlh;.n"e?v^ !
Itlchrnonil, Va., May ?.'<! SUl'Fi!m.m :
Queries and A
tr, >1 . .. Hunt.
Kindly tell nie the rensnn i.. ??,
of rum "as an iuljcn 1 ve in i o L
as mm hat," "a rum playact,1^ "'S
amniiK KngUsh booksc'lU-rs^ iltirlnK iiC5
eighteenth centurv was >?... V . ''1
books." anil the lendtncv lo fo!8
?be colonist grades fS t?ora,l?h
eat en son whlcli were nnt n iU ,
?'?and .'t Jiomo would atvot nl fm c,',l0.'
sugguHtlon i.f lr.rk ,, ''7 'ol F,>ch
JKllu reil to the phrase. ,US fioon
TI1 J?, 1870.
r lease give nic th0 dat0 of the be
ginning of tho I'lanco-lTusijInn War
(editorial Exprraatona from I ratline
Inevitable ns Denth.
"The Inevitable retirement" of Bee
J rotary Ilryan Is now the phruso used
! by the Hryan-balters. It Is it perfectly
! safe and accurate phrase, too, r>xt ttic
j baslr thai If a man's death In onI>
, in ??dieted often enough th<! prediction
| will come tru< some day. At ;i!l events.
.Mr. Bryan will retire when the Wilson
administration enda.?Springfield lte
I'fnrnsr nnd Itnnnevrlf.
And yet on the two loading issure
of the campaign Mr. Penrose ami Mr.
Koosevelt are in substantial agree
ment. Both are protectionists. Ilotn
j are opposed to what may he called.
for conven 1 nice, the foreign policy or
, the administration. Mr. Penrose wtll
! vote against tolls repeal, as would Mr.
Roosevelt If h" were a member of the
j Senate, and will also vole aKalnut trio
trea'y with Colombia If that Instru
' ment Is submitted lo the Senate.
Mr. Roosevelt's hostility to Mr. Pen
, lor e Is based on bossiain. And yet trie
' bull man of the Hull Moose commit
; t'-e In P cm n sylvan la In William KImn.
'?f Plitsbuikh, who Is numbered anions
: the Pennsylvania bosses. He an.I Mr
, Penrose received their political train
ing In the same school, and at one time
wc*ro close 1 rietids. Indeed. Mr. l'ltnri
| ?ie.slred to be Mr. Penrose's colleague
? in the I'nlted Slat's .Senate. The war
; far.* between Ihern dates from the re
fusal of Mr. IVnrose to support Mr
i PI inn's aspirations.?Washington Star!
A Sound Doctrine.
A newspaper may make mistakes or
? spouse the wronp side, but ir Its read
? ra regard It an honest unit sincere
they condone such errors. If, on the
other hand. It Is well known that a
newspaper is operated In the interests '
j "f "ome political ambition or public
service corporation, even a delude of J
, money cannot overthrow public su.i
I plclon. We can look nearer home than
i the "Poston Herald" to find examples
I of this Inexorahlo truism.?Bridgeport '
i <Conn.) Po.'ii.
'Mir Mlstnkr nt Dlna.
j In the estimation of foreign busi
ness enterprises Diaz Is the only great !
| nan Mexico has produced In contem
poraneous times. Put the verv .mat- I
t s which Ingratiated Diaz with tor
' busijiohh Interests are at bottom
the cause of Mexico's present predtca- '
incut. jr. not only permitted, but en
couraged the exploitation of his own
peoplo by foreign business interests i
exacting for himself ami hie Suction a I
generous toll for the lie. nse he gnvc.
I'orclfrn business Interests may, with'
?jome show of truth, deny that tnr-y j
Inst Ieated the oppressions which Diaz
practiced against the peons of Mexico- !
but they cannot deny that they shared !
" ith him in tht; profits of that oppren- !
slon. The policy of Diaz was to en- '
courage the Industrial exploitation or
ills country by foreigners, a policy that I
would not have been un.sta tesuianltUe i
and unpatriotic If meantime he na.l t
endeavored to tit his own countrymen '
to share Increasingly in that exploita
tion. Hut Instead of doing that. Drae,
as ii to put a bonus on an opportunity
naturally rich enough to assure its
being cultivated, held his own people
in vassalage and ignorance as a further !
incentive to foreign enterprise.?Gal
veston News.
Argument ?>f l-'oree.
A curious feature of 1)10 time is trio
tendency of certain classes to resort to
violence for the furtherance of their
views. Wo do not refer to the Insur
t oct ion in Albania against the new
government or Chinese outbreaks
manifestations of people of a low grade
of civilization whose only Idea or a
protest is by physical Insurrection,
"t ">e tendency of people in nations
.'if!vnneed civilization to oppcul to
brute force to assert their views is
oec.ming a feature of the day.
In Ireland a small minority is arm
ing for the express purpose of assert.
Ing their views against an overwhelm
ing majority for home rule, and they
."ire matched In this country by the I
W. W, who propose to destroy Indus
try if It in not made over promptly
In accordance with their opinion The
Colorado resort to anarchy for settle
ment of an Industrial question Is as
deficient In logic as the militant de
struction of paintings In public gal
ierlft, to prove their qualifications ror
the sulTrnge. This has even spread to
'ho Parliament, that Is the model of
deliberative bodies, where the proe
icss of a bill that lias b^en argued
for years Is temporarily blocked t?y
mere uproar.
Of course, experience with this belief
In brute force will prove what sensible
peoplo know already and havo known
for oenturlos. If Ulster can prove home
rule wrong by arming Itself, tlio home
rule majority can prove It right In the
r.anie way. The doctrine Is a tempo
rary Insanity. Whether It takes moro
<?r less time, It will Anally reach a
demonstration that it iH better to car
ry a point by shooting logic into tne
?i?l . r"thcr ,h:in Perforating them
with bullets.?Pittsburgh Dispatch.
"rom thn Washington Ctar
Great Trials of History.
. ?
An interesting trial, the outcome of
tho whiskey rtnK frauds during Pres
ident Grant's administration, wan Hint
j >.f General Orvlllt* 10. Hahcoclf, who at
tin- 11 :ti?* wan acting ;n private ree
| rotary to tho President. Although
Itaebcock was acquitted, ho remained
1 under a < loud, and lirant was forced
to dispenso with Ills services.
I Babcock had served with distinc
tion during the Civil War, and In 1.S64
j Giant appointed him as an aide do
I camp on his staff. On March 21, 1&?>7,
he wan promoted to be rnnjor of f:n
gln'-ern. When Grant was elected
I President, Generals Uattcock and Por
ter ?? re appointed military secretaries
and attach*;* to the Wlilto House. If
December, 1ST-, Mabcock succeeded
gGeneiai Horace Porter as secretary.
It was nnfortunati tor General Bab
, cock's reputation that he was asso
ciated so long ivlth the White House
' under Grant's administration. During
; the winter of 1ST1-7'J his name be
I came very prominent In connection
| with the "general order swindle" I".
| NViv York, during tho trial of the par -
i ticipants, and four years later he w.-.
I even more seriously involved '<y the
| revelations of the whiskey ring trials
; at M. Louis.
On account of hin implication In this
; business he demanded n court of In
(iuliy, which request wan jrranted in
Detv iMlior, 1S7I>. As General B.\t><.:
was himself Indicted by the grand Jury
of St. Louis later, the court of m
quiiy wa;i hehl In abeyance until tho
trial in the civil court was end- I. It
tool; place In February, 1S7C, and re
sulted in a verdict of "not guilty."*
The trial cost Mabcock 540,000, at-el
ruined him linancially. Put ho was
not at the end of hi* troubled, fot In
April, D<G, he was Indicted for com
plicity In tins famous safo burglar'
conspiracy at Washington. The trial
<>f this c ???! came off Iti September fol
lowing, and icsulted oiicu more In hi*
acquittal by tho Jury. During 1S75 an
iMi iiilvB whiskey nn>?. organized t<>
control revi-nuii legislation and avold
ano of revenue taxes, vas discovered
? n the West.
It wn?j an association of distiller*
In collusion with Federal officers, and
for a time it succeeded In defrau'lln;.
the government of the tax on distilled
spirits. This-, form of corruption, utter
the declaration by President Grant
"Lot no guilty man escape" ? was traced
by detective:! to the portals of th*
White House, but even partisan rancor
could not connect the President therv
with. The Babcock trial began In tne
Fulled States District <"'ourt of St
Louis, on February s, 1S76. BabcocK
was defended by Kmory A. Storn.
Judge Porter, Judge Kruin ami nx-At
torney-General Williams District At -
tortiev Dyer, special counsel James e.
1 .road head and .Major Lucien Katon ap
peared for tho government.
Luring the trial District Attorney
Dyer made a strenuous effort to show
that K.ibcoelt not only aided the con
spirators In their work, hut that ho re
'*e I ved money directly from them. At
first It was expected that President
Grant would be called to St. Louis fo
testify, hut Instead of that lie received
interrogatories upon whlvh ills evi
dence was required. His depositions
wore undo on February 12, befor*
Chief Justice Wnite. These were main
ly In reference to tho question of ap
pointments and transfers of internal
?c venue ofllclals. In which tho ailega
'ion Is that General Babcock took un
due Interest.
The summing up began on February
$8, tho district attorney made tho final
?ippeaI on behalf of the government
>n February '-'3. On February 24, af
ter the Jury had bt'en out two hours,
they brought In a verdict for tho de
fendant. After Babcobk had resigned
ns Grant's secretary, he was engaged
In government work In various capaci
ties. On May 19, 1S84, Mabcock left
Baltimore with a surveying party in
a I v/o-mastud schooner for Mosquito
Inlet, ninety miles off the coast of Flor
ida. On June H, most ot the party were
drowned, and his body being recov
ered it was brought to Washington,
where lie resided, and was buried oev
eral days later.
A recent ruling regarding the valua
tion of second-hand carriages imported
into Canada required that tho amount
declared on tho Invoice, and on wiilch
duty must he paid, shall he GO per
cent of the original value. This rul
ing Is applicable also to other mer
chandise which has been used or which
is termed second-hand.
The effect will ho much greater .
than the mere Irrigation of a few moro
hundred thousand acres of farm lands.
It will mean the opening up of a groat
water highway for nearly 1,000 miles
up tho Murray, and probably (later,
if not immediately) several hundred
nilleB up tho Murrunibldgeo and -the
Darling, too.
The announcement from Sydney lhal
llic Australian States concerned and
the Commonwealth have agreed on a
Joint locking and storage scheme for
the Murray River Is probably tho mosl
Important over announced from Auo

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