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The times dispatch. (Richmond, Va.) 1903-1914, September 10, 1914, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038615/1914-09-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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WANT AD I'uls your quo*!
for a situation on
PUBLICITY u butilncoa basis.
? Us? ?
3Tlip Simps'
? i-l111 YEAR
NUMBER 19,834.
THE DECREE In woman's dreet;
1b roflected duilv
weather 1 A1IV
Makes Known Attitude at
Conference With Demo
cratic Leaders.
Preliminary Steps to Readjust
Rivers and Harbors
I1ILL CALLS IOIi Sftft.000,000
Compromise SuKgrstlon Removes .
Senate Disapproval of War
Revenue Tax.
WAHHINnTON. Sentftmhcr S ?Pre.-- j
Idont M'Mboti's disapproval to-day of !
tho propo-al to increaHC tho income Ins :
a means of raising revenue (o <>t(- i
sot n Treasury liellclt due to the 12u- j
ropean war. act Democratic members
of the Ways snd Moans Committer to 1
reviling their plans They will ronew !
to-morrow the efTort to draft a war
revenue bill. The President made his
Attitude known at a conference with
Democratic lenders In Congress.
Preliminary steps also were tak<-n by'
Democratic Senators to-day tc> rend- '
.lost the pending {?3.000,000 livers nxi<\
harbors appropriation >?111. aarilriHt 1
which Kepullcan Senators have con-!
'!'j?*te(l a filibuster. on the ground that
it le framed on extravagant lines and '
that ili#- 11 no,0f'0,000 war revenue Mil
would not be ncwscaiy If the new pro
1ects proposed in the will were a ban'
Senators who champion the. bill huve
asked the War Department for ie-!
vised estimates on tho amounts abso
lutely necessary to curry on existing
live- and harbor works, and the most
urgent new projects In anticipation of 1
pruning the hill.
t' was reported to-night that a ion -
tei f nc(> between Republican Senators!
opposing the hit! and Democratic leail-j
?*rs had been held at which suggestions
?vie made for a compromise, paving
th?- way t?ir early adjournment and
iei mvinc much Senate opposition to!
the war i e\ nu*i lax.
Dei: rat <? meinbc! s" ?.t the Ways ;
? Means Committee conferred In-j
formally to-day. The> weie not dis-!
. ;t;i?.'i);ted l?y the President's diaap- ?
i'l oval of their decision to increase the j
? r.'.'.'jie tax one-half of I per cent and
\<j ib-crease the exemption. The Pres
ident';? principal objection was said t?.
bo that aacli i t^x was not Immediately I
?:labb- and therefore iiiideslrabb:
Chairman Underwood, who discussed
the subject with tli<* President, wash,
??lined to agree with this view, and It
is Improbable that an Incoin- tax
intendment will be proposed
Cigarettes probably ulll b? added to
tlie lint of taxable commodities already '
agreed to. such as beer, wines and rec
titled spirits. .\ plan aiso Is under
consideration t?> malce a tax on beer
J1 a barrel, which would y ield $01,000,000 ,
That amount, together with J10,000,900 ?
from wines, f2.000.000 from rectified
spirits, probably JO.OOO.'JOO from ciga
rettes. probably taxes on railroad
freight, gasolene, automobiles, some
proprietary articles and soft drinks, It ,
Is estimated, would yield all the rev- i
enue necessary, particularly If it Is de
termined not to appropriate all of the i
J33,OOO.OOo proposed for river and har
bor work.
Representative Oglesby. of New l'ork.
in a letter to the committee, suggested
a t*JC of 50 cents a horsepower on au
tomobiles, not engaged In commerce,
and a tax. on golf balls He estimated
'hat 126.000,000 could be realised from
ihe automobile tax.
Official estimates, however, sue |15,
<*00,000 on motor cars.
Tho proposal to put a general tax '
on railroad freight is the main quos
tlon now before the committee. The '
real Issue Is said to be whether to s
malte vip the necessary balance of rev
enue by n tax; on freight traffic or by
diffusing Uio tax among many lines of
business. A levy on freight. It Is esti
mated, couM produce $40,000,000 rev
enue, but there is considerable opposi
tion In both houses. The question will
be decided to-morrow.
Home Secretary McKennn Tnhc* C horee
of Official Press Iliirean.
LONDON, September 0 (3:50 P. M )?
Homo Secretary MoKonna has taken
charge of tin: official press bureau. Ho
announced to-day steps had been taken
to provide for prompter transmission
of news to the United States, and to the
dominions. Kverythlng passed by the
censors for <!reat Britain, he said,
could henceforth ho sent anvwhere in
the v. orbl. Additional officers, Mi. Mc
Keiinn continued, had been appointed
on the staff of Sir John French, tho
commander-in-chief of nrltieh forces
on the Continent, with tho objeot of ?e
curing full Information "or publica
tion. m
Mr. McKenna declined to commit
111111sejt as to when war correspondents
might be allowed to enter tho zone of
warfare. "As our army Is operating
in the country of our allies," he de
clared. 'It 1s proper that In this mat
ter wo had been guided |?v their
\ lews.''
The Home Secretary made this state
ment n tho House of Commons.
Heckled regarding the holding up on
the cable lines to America In speeches
by foreign Secretary Orey and Premier
Asquitli, Air. IMcKenna explained that
Hie entire system of censorship had
been reorganized, and that he hoped
there would be no further cause for
Additional ItrtuniN In Favor of Antl
Rlcasc (fnndldale for (Governor.
CODUMBTA, S. C., Septombor D.?Ad
ditional returns of the balloting yes
i ei day In the second State-wide Demo
crs-tlc primary from scattered precincts
in practically every county Incroasod
early to-day tho majorities by whloh
diehard F. Manning will ho nominated
Cover nor. Andre.-*- J. Kethoa as Ueu
tenant-Covernor and Frank Shealey as
linllrond Commissioner. With Manning
Bethea and Hhcaley having majorities
tanging respectively from isO.OOO to ,18 -
000. the result shown early lo-dav can
not be changed.
' Wyatt Alkenx's nomination a? Coll
ar essman from tho Third Distrh l was
insured by an incrcasoU majority.
Oceanic Is Total Loss;
Officers and Crew Saved
I.ON DON, St:p(eiuhrr 0 (lltSO P.
II.).?The ollli'lol jirtM burraa l?
aiied (lie following jtnnonnermFot
(u-iilghtt "The mrrobaol crolaer
Ocrnnlc, of the Wliltt Slur I.lue, nan
irrwhfd j-rilrrdar near (he aorlh
const of Scotland, and has become
a (?(nl lann. All (lie afllcern anil
rrew were saved."
The Oceanic made her laal (rip
I rum \rn Vurk to Soudiampton
curly lu AuKim(, arriving a( the
Kngllnli port Aiigua( K. She n?n
taken over by (he HrHlsh (ovem
uien( and eoaver(ed ln(o id armed
The (lefnntr rrun built In 1800 at
Itrllunt, by llarluiid and WolIT, I.td.
She mm 4IKfJ I'erl IiiiiKi nnd made Iter
maiden TOjrniir (o ?n Vork In Sep
tember, I.SIHI, n lien she nan accord
ed a welcome In keeping Willi her
illMlnctlon an (he glan(CN? of the
noon. She measured IT.STI (on*
K ronK.
Plan I.aid Before President. Who Inter-1
liONen \o Objection.
WASHINGTON'. September S.?Rev.
Homer MacMlllan, of Atlanta. secre
tary of the executive committee of the,
home mis.slons board ?"f the Presby
turlan Church Mouth, laid before Prcai- j
?lent Wilson to-day a plan for a me
morial to Mrn. Wilson. In the form of a.
fund for the education of mountain
children of tho South, a work In which
Mr*. Wilson whs deeply Interested. The
President Interposed no objection.
I'lan* Soon to fie Made Public.
ATLANTA, GA . September !' Tlie
proposal to establish a memorial to [
Nlrs Woodrow Wilson In the form of a
fund for the education of Southern
mountain children took form at a re
?< nt missionary meeting of the Pres- j
hyterlan <"hurch South at Montreat.
N. <V
Women delegates who knew of Mrs.
Wilson's activity In aiding Southern ]
mountaineer children. discussed tlie ;
proposal Informal! v, and the home mis- j
plon hoard ot' the church later made
plans for the proposed memorial. These
Wvr*! laid before President Wilson In |
Washington to-da>.
'?/Ticlals of the board he re to-day
e.tid that since the President inter - !
j.oidl no objections, the plans for the :
creation of the fund probably would
V? made public shortly.
Soclfty \\ III Aid in Itellevlnj; Wants
of European SnfTerers.
CSpecial to The Times-Dispatch. 1
WASHINGTON, September ?Presi
dt nt Wilson received Mrs. William
Vumtnlng Story, president-general of ,
the D. ^ II, in sp-clal audience to-day
and accepted the offer of the society to
aid in relieving l!ie wants of European
war sufferer?. President Wilson axi- ;
\Msed the I>. A. R. to send their con- i
tributlons through the American Red j
Cross. w lilch he declared the govern- ,
mental medium for all such matters |
Mrs. Story immediately is.s-.ieri a cir- J
cular letter to every State and chapter '
resent throughout the country. ..ailing
upon them to get tiieir memi?rs to
?end their contributions to the special
Red Cross fund to the National D. A. R
treasurer-general, to be donated to tlie
American fled Cross.
I.apland'* Passengers Tell of Troop*
Embarked a( Southampton.
NEW TOHK, Sbptcmbei' p.?Further
? ?onrtrrr.atlon of reports that Russian ,
troops. transported by way of tho Arc- i
tic Ocean,, have landed on the continent, i
was given by passengers and erew of ?
the Red Star liner I.apland. which ar-J
lived to-day from Southampton. They!
said that a latge l.orce of Russians etn- |
tiarked from Southampton on August
30, the day before the I.apland left, and
that It tv as well known that the Rus
sian troops that had debarked In Scot
land haA been traveling south by tail
to other channel ports in England. The
I.apland brought back 6ii0 Americans.
Pens*; It iinla liallroad (?> Take O? S.S
'I'ral'j ICanl of Pl((sliurgh.
PHILADELPHIA. September 0.?Tha !
Pennsylvania Railroad to-day an- i
nounced sixty-eight trains' would be,
discontinued on linen East of Pitta- ;
burgh and Erie, beginning September !
16. Tills Is an addition to tne usual fall
reductions In the seashore schedules.
On April 1 the company annulled 11S ;
passenger trains, and some weeks pre
vious twenty-three trains were discon
tinued. The curtailment in service
made earlier in the year, it was esti
mated. would affect a saving to the
coinpanv of $2,000,000 a vear, provided
tho reductions remain in effect that |
Progressive Candidate for GoTeruar j
UtiKa lu I'nvor of Democrat.
PHILADELPHIA. September it.-?Wil- j
liam Draper Lewis, who resigned as !
d?an of the University of Pennsylvania j
law school to accept-the nomination for |
Governor on tho Washington (Progres- 1
sive) party ticket, to-night announced
ho had determined to retire in favor
of Vanoe C. McCormlck, Democratic
candidate. He declared the Democratic
candidate represented tho same Pro
gressive policies as himself, and he
t'eJt there should be only one can
didate "representing tho samo ideas
and Ideals of good State government." !
l.aat Sntrhor of Those Arrested Fol- ?
lowing Lincoln's Assassination.
WASHINGTON. September 9.?Mrs. j
Amanda Weeks, last survivor of thosa ,
arrested nt the time of the aasassina- i
tlon of President Lincoln, and charged j
with having been implicated In the 1
plot, Is dead at her home here at the |
age of olglity-nlne. She was at the
home of Sirs. Surratt at tho time of
tho murder, and was said to have re
marked whon she heard the news:
"Lincoln should have been shot long1
before!" She was released after ten
days In prison.
Great Britain and Japan Still Will Act
In Common.
TO::TO, September 0 (11:15 A. M.)~
Tho Japanese government announced
to-day that Great Britain had informed
Frnnco and Russia that the recent con
vention signed by the powers of the
trlplo entente, In which It was agreed
that nono of the three would accept
terms of poace without tho previous
consent of the other two. must not be
regardod as modifying the British al
liance with Japan, with whom Great
Britain acts in common In tho conduct
of the -war or in tho making of peace.
Nominated hj Vermont Republicans la
Slate Convention.
MONTPKI <1E R, VT? September ?.?
Charles W. Gates to-da.v was nomi
nated for Governor by Vermont Re
publicans In State convention.
Tho eonvontlon adopted a platform
indorsing the Republican policy of i
tariff legislation, and favored direct
primaries and woman suffrage.
Senator Dillingham was renominated
lux: a tourth term,
iMorc Troops Hurled on
Flank to Give Retreat
Further Momentum.
Advancc Is Slow, but General, in
Furious Fighting in
SlratPKical Position of Allies Bent
Since Hoginning of
[Special 'Jable to Ths Tlmes-Dlspatch.1
PARIS, Sopt?inber 9.?Marked French
and British successes marked the
fourth day of the great battle which
lf? being fought along the concave line
extending from Meaux to Verdun, with
Vitry-le-Francois in the centre.
On the Fronc-h left, that part of the
line resting nearest Paris, the fjsr- '
maris, though reinforced, have lost
ground steadily, and General JofTre and
Field Marshal Sir John French are
hurling more and more troops on the ;
German flank to give the Gorman re- '
treat further momentum.
In the centre, that part of the line !
which extends through l<afere-Cham- ;
penolse, Sotnopois and Vitry-le-Fran- j
cols. with the Inst named tiie theatre '
of the gr-attst activity, the French
have pressed back the Germans in a
succession of terrific assaults, In which
the French artillery played a most
deadly and effective part.
The advance of the French is slow, '
but goneral. In the furious lighting In
the centre
On the right of the allies, the ex- !
haunted German army ha-< abandoned
for the moment the attach on Xancv,
which yvos made under the personal I
direction of Kmperor William.
In the Vosges and In Lorraine, the I
French official reports indicate that ,
their troops are plashing forward.
Despite the fact that the German right
wing, which has hewed ite way from
Motis to Paris is in retreat, arid that j
the Oerman centra Is being pressefl j
hard by the allies, It must he remem- j
bered that lri this, the greatest battle j
In history, 3,000.000 men are engaged, J
and one or two advances or retreats i
will not decide the battle. It admit- j
tedly would be premature at this stage !
of the battle to say that the Germans
were beaten or disconcerted.
There. Is no doubt that the German
enveloping movement Iirr completely
failed, arid that the strategical posi
tion of the allies Is the best since the
beginning of the war, secure as they
are, hi a favorable position near their |
own base. The French retreat on
Paris was executed with such master- j
ly skill that after their orderly re- I
tlrement the army still retains ltB full
striking strength, and Is much more '
favorably situated than the Germans
for an offensive movement, because the j
latter have been forcing the fighting
ever since their entry Into Belgium, and
their troops have suffered from the
exhausting marches and the continuous
?Lack of ammunition also has em
barrassed tho Gvmans. For this rea
son the invaders have been forced at
several points along the 130-mlle line |
to retroat to unfavorable ground, giv
ing way before the more amply sup
plied allies.
The Invaders, however, have not been j
entirely on the defensive. At several
admittedly weak points In the allies' j
lines, the Gornians have made des- :
pevate attempts to break through, but 1
owing to the valiant resistance of the ;
Fronch troofo they were held in check, j
The German right wing army not :
only Is reported to be short of ammunt- |
tion, but also short of food, and it is
now believed to be hurrying to effect j
a .lucture with the forces under Gen- j
eral von Buelow. where the German ,
supply stations and lines of cominuni- :
cntlon are intact.
If those armies succeed In uniting,
they probably will be joined with that
of tho crown prince, the entire body
throwing Its support to the centre of
the line to stem the French advance.
Two German flags wore captured In
the c-.otirso of the great battle, one the
oolorn of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment
of German Infantry, being taken by a
reservist named Gultmard, who has
been given the military medal for gal
lantry by General Oalllenl, command
ant of Paris.
Scores of British wounded arrived in
Paris during the day. They all ap
plaud the valor of the French soldiers,
and all ldollr-e Klold Marshal French. :
The goneral is constantly at the front, 1
and Is taking tho developments calmly, j
He smokes cigarettes almost Inces- !
They assert that the French have j
captured many field and machine guns.
Oerman prisoners?880 of them arrived ;
in Paris to-day?appeared fagged nnd j
hnrrasscd, and the spirit they roflect !
seems far different from that of the 1
Invading army, which pushed Its way ;
to Paris In ten days.
Specifically, the gains of the allies j
during the past two days have been as .
The allies have gained ground all j
along the lino of the Ourcq and Pelt
Morln Rivers, and the British have I
driven the enemy back ten miles.
Further to the right, near Mont- 1
mlrall and .Sompuls.\thc gains have
been only temporarily.
Still further to tho right from Vltry
(Continued On Second Page.)
PheaneM and nioM attmotive route, via
York Itlver and i 'hesapenke Bay. |<' round i
trip, liMervo staterooms now, 1
-rxjprarjLstt _2YVY>c?J^s juy-foryrrviL&jzT?
CoPr/tjC*sr &*? wv#A<tMjoo 5- t?vi>ir*i*wO~>^v.V"
Protests Against Use of Dnm-Dum
Bullets and Participation of Bel- !
?ian Population in War.
Lays Before American Executive His
Contentions in Connection With
Controversy Over Alleged Atroci- !
ties Committed by Germans.
WASHINGTON, September t>.?Presi
dent Wilson to-day received a personal i
cablegram from Emperor William, of
Germany, protesting against tha use
by th? allied army of dum-dum bullets,
and the participation In the war bjr
civilians of Belgium. The mossago
also expressed the German Emperor's
deep regret at the destruction of the
Bo.lgtan city of L?ouv&ln.
"My heart bleeds for I^ouvain," is one
of ihe phrases tho Emperor is under
stood to have used. Ite declared, how
ever that the population of Belgium
had offered such resistance that his
generals in many cases had found It
necessary to administer severe punish
Contents of tho message was closely
guarded. No one at tho White House
or Htate. Department would admit offi
cially that It had arrived, even though
press dispatches from London and
Copenhagen gave an outline of the
dispatch early In tho day. The reason
for tho secrecy was not divulged.
Tersons who know the contents of
the message, however, declared 'It did
not ask the President to take any
action, but simply laid before him the
Kmperor's contentions in connection
with the controversy that has arisen
over alleged atrocities by the German
army lti Belgium.
The knowledge that an ofllclal com
mission was en route from Belgium to
lay before President Wilson the Bel
gian side of the case Is believed to
have prompted the Emperor to make
personal explanation of the Incident to
It Is not known what reply President j
Wilson will make, but tho attitude of j
the Washington government toward i
protests of this kind In the present
war heretofore linn been one of a
neutral auditor.
The use of dum-dum bullets and tho
unnecessary destruction of property
are prohibited by articles of The Hague
convention.. The only penalty provided
for violating them Is tho Imposition
of an Indemnity at the end of the war
up?>n the countries guilty of such vio
lations. Belligerents, therefore, are
Anxious to place their cases on record,
ho that at tho final reckoning in tho
peace councils which will terminate j
the war, appropriate consideration may j
be given to their claims.
At the Krench embassy dental not j
.(Continued on Second Pug?.). J
Knlser's Forces Take 40.000 Pris
oners, Including Four Generals,
and 400 Guns.
Determined Onslaughts Have Been j
Going on for Week or More, and '
French Made Brilliant Defen.se.
Spnln Not Unfriendly to Germany.
BERLIN, September 9 (by wireless
to the Associated Pre>as by way of Say
vtlle, L. I.).?Official announcement wan
made to-day at army headquarters
that the French fortress of Maubeuge,
on the Sombre River, had fallen.
Tho Germans took 40,000 prisoners,
including- four generals. Four "hun
dred guns also were captured.
WASHINGTON, September P.?The
German embassy received a wireless
to-day from Berlin saying:
"General headquarters reports that
Maubeuge has fallen, <00 guns, four
generals and 10,000 prisoners captured.
The message to the embassy adds
that '7,udwlg Frank, the most promi
nent Socialist of tho Reichstag, foil
whilo storming the charges near Lune
vllle on September 3, and Prince Frled
orlch Wllhehn Hessen was wounded."
The embassy received another mes- |
sage, which road:
"The Spanish ambassador In Berlin
strongly denies rumors o^SpRln's un
friendly attitude against Germany, and
Austria, all Spanish party leaders being
for strict neutrality. All the papers
speak of the Importance of the capture !
of Maubeuge."
"Tho German military railway linos
are now free. The papers also speak
of the 40,000 captured meaning the
weakening of the enemy.
"At Strassburg, after a court martial
session, the official statement was made:
'The French authorities two monthB
before mobilization organized Franc
tlreur (snipers) bands by distributing
arms to civilians."'
Maubeuge Is a French fortrea* of
tho tlrst class. It 1b situated In the
Department of Du Nord, about si* miles
from the Belgian frontier.
The German onslaughts on this posi
tion have beon determined, and Judg
ing from Incomplete cable reports, they
have been going on for a week or
more. Dispatches from London, under
date of Hoptemhor 6, said that part of
the British expeditionary force In
Franco was at Maubeuge, assisting the
French garrison In Its defenee.
The German general Htaff announced
| in Berlin on September 6 that two of
the Maubeuge forts had fallen, and
that the fire of tho German artillery
was on that date being directed agalnBt
the town, which was In flame*. On
the same Jlay. an official communica
tion, given out In Parts said that Mnu
heuge continued Its resistance.
A French olliciiil announcement,
i" (Continued on Second Page.)
President Asked to Urge People
of Nation to Take More Sym
pathetic Attitude.
Predict That Prosperity Will
Follow Change in Sentiment
of Country.
WASHINGTON, September 9.- Presl- 1
dent Wilson was aaked to-day by a
committee of railway executives to ad
dress an appeal to the country that
the people take a more sympathetic
attitude toward the railroads. The
committee did not ask Mr. Wilson to '
move for any specific relief, but told i
hlin he could do much to remove an
tagonism which, fhey said, had grown I
up toward the railroads as a result
of much agitation.
The President was told that because
of the European war and an antagonistic
attitude of the people toward the rail
roads, great difficulty was being ex
perienced in meotlng obligations. He
was told that the committee believed
he had It within his power to change
the sentiment of the country, and that
prosperity for the nation would follow.
Chairman Trumbull, of the Chesa
penko and Ohio, and the Missouri, Kan
sas and Texas acted as spokesman. He
laid before the President a written
statement sotting out the position of
the railway men of the country.
The others In the committee were
Presidents Samuel Kea. of the Penn
sylvania; Daniel Wlllard, of the Balti
more and Ohio; Fairfax Harrison, of
the Southern; E. P. Ripley, of the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, and
Hale Holden, vice-president of the
The President agreed to give care
ful consideration to the statement of
the railroad men, but made no promises
on their requests. He la understood
to favor the view that the railroads
need assistance.
The specific requests of the railroad
men were:
"That the President will call tho at
tention of the country to the pressing
noceailty for support of railroad credit
by the co-operative and sympathetic
effort of the public, and of all gov
ernmental authorities, and that the rail
roads ho relieved as far as possible
of further Immediate burdens Involv
ing additional exponqe.
?'That tho President will urge a
practical recognition of the faot that
an emergency Is upon tho railroads
?nuiros, ,n th0 Public Interest,
that they have an additional revenue,
and that the appropriate governmental
agencies seek a way by which such
additional revenues may be properly
and promptly provided.
Th? oredlt of fhe railroads," said
the statement, "serlouHly Impaired as
we bellevo. before the war started Is
now confronted by un emergency' of
a magnitude without parallol In his
SPErrmrc requests
ine railroad men were hopeful after
the conference that Mr. Wilson
through a public letter or otherwise,'
might show that he bellevo<i the rail
roads should he relieved of some bur
dens. Thoy also believed they hnd laid
tho ground work for consideration of
specific requests to bo tnudo later
Those requests woro understood to in
clude a postponement of consideration
of the railway securities bill now
pending In Congress, legislation allow
ing tho Intcrsintc Commerce Commis
sion to take genernl conditions inio
XCoutlnucd on~Third~jp?go'ji " " J
Germans Strike at Left and
Centre, hut Each Time
Are Driven Back.
Russians Making Progress
Against Austriana in
Men Joining Colors b,r Thousands,
and Whole Forces of Empire
Are United.
Germans Forced Back
at Various Points
Ijittnt official report* from the.
French government IniiJcnlo tliat
the offensive tactics untlertnkfn In
the Innt dny or ti?o by the allien
armies have forced the Germans
hack at various points In the battle
line, irhleh extendi from a few miles
ea?t of Paris to Verdun, n distance
of about iSOO miles.
Bordeaux report* officially that
the British army has crossed the
River Marne, and that the Germans
hnve fallen back twenty-live miles.
rSfTorts of the German* to break the
French linen on the Ourcq River are
officially reported to huve failed.
Seemingly, the German* are short
of ammunition at the front, and are
having difficulties In provtsioolnK.
and the French War Department of
ficially nnnonnces that. "On the
whole, the Germans appear to he be
ginning n movement of retreat."
The Runirlan and Auatrlnn armies
eontlnne to oppose each other In a
lonR-drsTra-ont engagement Id the
Lnbllo district, Rmilan Poland.
An official statement Issued at
Petrograd declares that both Aus
trian and German troops hnve been
dlalodged from their fixed positions,
and have retired torrards the south.
The battlefield In France Is that
over rrhloh Napoleon fought In IS 1-1,
with Intrenchril camps on both
xrlnpi and the centre. Paris covcrs
the left rrtnx. Chalons the centre,
and Verdun the right, while mobile
columns of troops are ready to Join
In the fighting wherever the line l??
Vltry-I,e-Francol* and Montmlrall
seem to he the points of the chief
engagements, and there the enrnnge
has been the heaviest. The allies
aim at preventing the German turn
ing movement, with u mass of troops
composed of many nritty corps.
KIiik GeorKc lias addressed a
message to the Ilrltlsli dominions
and colonies. In which lie protests
that war was not of Great llrltuln's
seeking, and expresses his wnrrncst
thanks for the assistance rendered
by thexn.
Maubeuge, a French fortress, has
fallen into the hands of the Ger
mans. and, according to the report,
? he Germans took 10,000 prisoners
and 400 guns.
The llritish official pre** bureau
annonaces the wreck of* the coast
?f Scotland of the White Stur liner
Oceanic. Officers and crew wero
LOKDON, September S (9MO P. M.). .
The allied armies continue to have the
( advantage. according to French ofllctal
reports, In what only can be the pre
llmlnarles of a great battle extending
from Meaux, northeast of Paris, to th-?
fortress of Verdun, about 200 miles
farther east.
The Germans, who have brought up
reinforcements, are striking at the al
lies' left and centre, between Mont
mlrall and Vltry-Le-Francole, a front
of from fifty to sixty miles, but each
time they have been driven back.
This is not surprising to military
men. as the Germans have been com.
1 pelled to advance through the swamp'j
I of the Petit Morln, and then over hai-a
plains to the extremely strong French
position on the right. It is their only
! chance, however, and It Is expectcii
. they will strike and strike again
The Germans are bringing their re
inforcements down from Chalons, on
the roads leading to Fere-Champunoise,
SommcHouK and Sompulu, In the face
of the Frcmeh artillery posted on tho
heights, which give the French a great:
General Pau, who commands tho on.
tre of the French army In this dlatriot,
Is reported to he advancing north oc
Sezanne, towards the plateaux com
manding the oentre of the whole li.it
tleHeld. On his loft tho British fores
has driven the Germans across thi
Grand Morln and Petit Morln liivcr ,
towards the Marne Itself, while on tho
extreme left the French sixth artnv,
advancing from Paris along tho Ourcq
, River, has had further successes, and
.Is threatening General Kluck'a com
I municatlonn.
In the east the Germans ho I'ar have
failed in their attempts to break acro.v?
the rivers and through the hlllu oC
Argontie, betweon Vltry-Le-Fnuicoi.-i
and Verdun, on the right wing of thi
Again, according to French rip'jrts,
thoro has been no action against tho
. Grand Courontic of N'anoy. ;tnd In tl.o
| VoNg.ss and Alsace the aituutlor. re
mains unchanged.
All this favornMe news has cheered
I tho allios, but military critics w.rn (he
>,pubiia that tlio battlo haa not beca

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