OCR Interpretation


The Norfolk post. (Norfolk, Va.) 1865-1866, March 22, 1866, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038624/1866-03-22/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

* m gf*_._ _asi.
THURSDAY, _A_*--T«- 'M**-|
AU colninlmicatiiiiia relr.litift; t.i Imainoaa matters .....
__•-, witi. IM- msm »).«uiJ _ a»MNit*al t„ k, m.
Biuvn, Norfolk /_'. All (•__»_•*____ *___._* to
.if,■ rial in.tters, an<! all *_!_»*___> ir.t-.. l-l lor
•' the paper .1.0u1.l mttttmmt l„ .le.hu Clark, - Mar.
jSiwfttw t- * iitwV to--*) in ti.-ii-_v,,ii
_,..!« fcafeM rfi- O-Ort iv tils' a-BOIBS, priktßt t„
- nUicatiou. ,
Newm... mi M*marjfa ___-| (.apera vlll HMM
have tl..ir orJots at th* mi—llm frit—> Hie »*•> iiin.l'" ■
-;otia lutllß silt ..'cluck.
Mivlii.w t Broths**, Boo_*-ta_ mul Slriß-i»r«, are
_uth..ri.«l ngi'iiU to .-11 the Ni.rf.ilk /*>»(, ..fid .11 »r>l, r
»ft with then, will Im iittiHtlcl to Ilia sain* til if l-l ; ''
he office of puhlication.
P. M. tmWBjB, 1 Co., «*<" ___S—a- Ailvnrtisins'
Agents for tim -_f In New York nu.l Boston.
~jj~oTice.
'Jilt. NOI-O-K POST hHTAHMisHMKXT FOR SAU'..
The Norfolk Post newspaper establish
ment, which includes the most comptete
and profitable Job-Office in Virginia, is
offered for HBle. The oiliee is self-sup
porting, as will be fully demonstrated ;
but the present proprietors find it nec
essary, by reason of engagements else
where, to be relieved of the burden
incident to the publication of a daily
journal In Norfolk. For particulars ap
ply at this office, to m iirown .
General Buriißide was nominated by
acclamation on the 20th instant for Gov
ernor- of Khode Island by the Union
Convention of that state. His election
A-ill be about his first victory. Hut the
..dago seems to be good "unlucky in
war—lucky in politics"—aud vice versa.
The Opera, season will open to-nlghl
at the Church street Opera House, with
iiollihi's grand work of Norma. The
trials of the priestess of the sun were
many, and they aro told in plaintive
accents. She .suffered because she was a
woman—cause enough for suffering,
surely.
A fellow named King, was arrested a
r f w days siuce in Louisville for larceny.
He subsequently told adotective that he
was the man, and not Payne who wis
executed for the act, who attempted the
assassination of Mr. Seward. This fellow
wants notoriety. With the facts so well
known, it Is rather singular tho tele
graph men should send out such m foolish
report, and still more singular thai t
generaloflicer in Louisville .should take
notice of it and send to Washington
instructions. Booth is alive, Payne <ii.i
not attempt to kill Mr. Seward, antl Mrs.'
'Surratt was not hanged at all, hut some
• ither criminal dressed in female np
parol—are good reports for the telegraph
ers. "Who struck William Patterson'.'
We see that some people are laboring
under tlie error of coo founding Freeman
Clarke, Esq., the able Comptroller of the
Treasury, with the Clark who had the
impudence U> substitute his ugly physi
ognomy for that of the "Father of hi.«
Country" on the postal currency. It was
not thegentleman whooi'deredGovcrnor
Peirpoint out of his office, but the
Clark who superintends the printing of
the currency in tho Treasury Printing
office. The same Clark about whom so
much scandal was published two or three
years ago, in connection with some
pretty girls employed in his office, and
whom he invited "to a supper at Wil
lards'." Comptroller of the currency is
one of the most important offices in flit'
Treasury Department, and was filled by
Mr. Hugh McCulloch, previous to hirs
appoint in.'in to the Head of the Depart
ment, and is not second to tho position
occupied by Mr. Spiuuer, the Treasurer.
Air. Clarke is looked upon as being one
of the heat financiers and political econ
omists in the United States, and has re
cently entered into a very lively and in
teresting discussion with the .Secretary
on the subject of the financial policy of
the country. No, the Chirk who sought
cheap immortality, by distributing his
portraits at the expen.se of tho public,
is another kind of Clark.
.
80UTH AMEEICA- \
So very unimportant and un profitable '
have been the relations of the people of '
the United States with the countries of
South America, and of such small sig- '
nifieaiieo in the affairs of the world have '
we always beeu led to view these (lis- !
tant Republics and Empires, that their <
condition and the occurrences therein '
attract really le.s attention here than •
if they took place in China or the *
Sandwich Islands. Nobody hardly \
studies South American history or '
geography, and to most of our people 1
the entire land is unknown save hy 1
name. One reason for this is doubtless I
their differing from us in race, language I
and Kympathy, and because of the <
almost entire non-intercourso of the in- >'
habitants of tho two great sections of I
the American continent. We have '
never had either commercial or social '
relations with them, and it is seldom '
one of their people visits our couutry, I
anil sxotpt an occasional touristorscien- «
title explorer, no American ventures fur t
into the unknown regions borderding 1
ou the Amazon or Parana, and other <
streams which water that vast extent of 1
wild country. Tlie inhabitants are n I
mixture of Portuguese and I ndiun'a and i
negroes, speaking tlie language of Por- 1
tugal. They carry on a brisk trade with i
England, and with other countries on i
tho continent of Europe, but, we 1
believe, the only articlo of commerce t
received hy us is n portion of the cotfe.- t
we consume which comes from Itio, and 1
for which we pay in flour and i
a few other articles of provisions, when i
we do not have to settle the balance of i
trade in gold. From these causes, the \
war, which for more than a year has *
beeu raging between Hra.il and the 1
Argentine and Correntino Republics on f
the one side, and the small Republic of c
Paraguay on the other, has excited less t
interest than It otherwise would, had t
our relations been more intimate; but t
we have scarcely paused to give it a
thought, or to inquire into its causis
and probable consequences. Indeed,
for us it can have no consequences, no
mutter how it may terminate. It can
not bo deuied that they have done some
pretty good fighting, and that tho de
voted and fanatical Paraguayans, have
shown extraordinary bravery in defend
ing their nationality against the fearful
odds hy which it has been menaced, and
from this fact, Paraguay has won much
sympathy,though, when we consider tho
merits of the case, she is entitled to but
little, and that portion of the world in
terested in South Ameri.au affairs
would bo greatly benefited if the pug
nacious aud pertinacious little despotism
wero wiped out of existence. But why
discuss a matter in which none here
takes an interest. It has been some
time siuce important military opera
tions of a decisive or brilliant Character
have occurred. All the parties to the'
quarrel seem to be pursuing the Fabian
■ policy, and are, seemingly, bent on tir
, ing one another out by movements and'
maneiiviings. The Paraguayans have
established themselves in a sort of
' "second Richmond," at the confluence
;of the Parana and Paraguay rivers,
which tho allies appear very cautious
about venturing to attaclj. Wo may
look for news from South America
soon; but when it comes nobody will
feel any Interest in it in Norfolk.
OENERAI, GRANT AND THE PRESIDENCY
The Galoua (III.) Daily Gazette of the
14th instant has an article evidently
written by General Grant's immediate
friend, called forth by the fact that
"some time since n, Republican and
Union meeting in the city of Rochester,
N. V., hud nominated Lieut. General
Grunt as the Union candidate for the
Presidency in 1868." It is very signiti-.
cant. While the attempt to nominate
the general for that office is charac
terized as "premature agitation," the
writer states that "his friends look tbr
ward with pride and hope to the time
when he shall receive tlie highest office
which can be bestowed upou him by a
grateful people, us n reward for the in
estimable services he has rendered his
country." The article says that "lie
takes no part with the President us
against Congress, and no part with Con
gress as against the President." His
"official acts" aro his present platform.
"His views in regard to tho necessity of
the freedmen's bureau and the keeping
the troops in the rebel states aro record
ed." "Jlisonk-rs 'for the protection of
Union men in the South, his suppres
sion of disloyal papers In the (South, find
his opinion of disloyal papers in |Ue
North, uivuUoon record." "His written
i declaration, Mluljr throe months in ad
vance of Mr. Lincoln's immortal procla
mation, that slavery should be wiped
out before tho war ended, is well known
i toall intelligent men." This important
declaration is suec.eded by au italicised
passage, which Is as follows :
"We know that all General Grant's
hopes and sympathies aire with thogreat
Situ patriotic Union party of this coun
try. In feeling and In sentiment he is
strongly idcntilled with the millions of
loyal people, who, In the long years of
war aud carnago and blood, gavo their
hearts, their blood, and their treasure
to their country. We have neithcrsym
puihy nor toleration for any party, nor
any set of men, who were against the
country In Its terrible time of trial and
peril through which it has safely
[Hissed."
THE NEW 03I.EANB ELECTION
.John T. Monroe, who has recently
been elecfed Mayor of New Orleans, has
not been allow-ed to assume the duties of
the office. Muiiroe has a very bad
record, to say the least of it. Ho is a
mun of no social or political position or
importance. He wasusort of head-laborer
iv tho Crescent City, rough anil unedu
cated, whom the "thugs" and "roughs"
of the Know Nothing party took up and
run for Mayor in 1800, contrary to the
wishes of all the respectable people of
the city. Hy a free use of slung-shots
and brass-knuckles, and knives and
pistols, they bullied the respectable citi
zens, and the foreigners, from the polls,
and elected their pliant tool, Muuroe.
His "thugs" ruled the city "with a reign
of terror," and finally, when the time
came to vote for "secession," ho joined
his few adherents to tho ladioal dis •
unionists, and, by using the samo tactics,
which had raised him into power, he sue
cecded in carrying the city for the dis
union ticket,—there being only six thou
sand votes polled on the call for the
convention, out of seventeen thousand
voters in the city. Tho cause of this
small vote—not less than four thou
sand of which were cast for disunion
was to be found in the fact that it was
dangerous for a unionist logo to the
polls, to which must be added that peo
ple generally looked upon the whole af
fair of secession as a very laughable farce.
Scarcely ten respectable citizens In tin
city at that time, and up to the capture of
Sumter, were secessionists; anil hail
they been properly sustained and aided
by the Government, Louisiana would
never have seceded, and the Confederacy,
thus cut in twain, would have fallen
still-born and liarmle<-s. Rut the Gov
ernment failed to support its friends, and
they were over-powered, and swept away
by the wild whirlwind of fanaticism,
which had been raised by iSlidell and (
Benjamin, and their satelites. John F.
Munroe, a native of Pennsylvania, was
tlie lit tool of John Slidell, a native of
New York. Wlion Farragut appeared
in front of the city, and demanded its
sin rentier, the military, under Lovcll,
fled precipitately, leaving Muuroe to
treat for terms. Now was tho time for
this individual to immortalize himself.
He behaved ill the most coarse and un- '
gentlemanly manner, and the grossest ,
ignorance and haughtiest arrogance,
marked tho tone of his correspondence :
Willi Farragut, which was in the high
est degree insulting to that gallant and
humane officer, refusing tosurrender the
city, or hoist tbe flag, and telling the
commander of the fleet that if he wanted
the city, he must take it, at the same
time threatening the Uuited States with
the vengeance of foreign powers, were
the city fired upon—which was known
to he full of foreign merchants. Farra
gut lauded, and with his marines took
possession, and hoisted the Hag over the
Mint, aud then returned lo his ships,
holding his conquest under his guns.
This Hag was, a. few hours afterwards,
torn down by Mum ford, aprivatecitizen,
who was hanged by order of Butler, for
tho act. Muuroe continued to perform
Iho functions of Mayor after the Federal
Iroops had taken full possession ; but his
acts were so openly hostile, and his lan
guage so arrogant and uncompromising,
that Governor Sheploy deposed him, and
appointed General (then Lieutenant)
Godfrey Weitzel, Mayor. As it was
Cuiiiil that Muuroe continue,! to be a dis
organize- in the city, be was sent to one
of the forts, where he remained until
released on Jiis parole in lb"*., by General
Hanks, and sent into the Confed
eracy. At the close of the war he
returned to New Orleans, where
he has now been chosen Mayor «' ; a re
ward for his services, and for his haughty
conduct towards l-'arragut when the
city was captured. It is but just to say
that the best men of that city did not
support this Pennsylvania interloper,
and corrupt leader of "thugs" and
former Know Nothings, in the recent
election.
As to Col. J. O. Nixon, whom wo per.
ccive tho authorities have also refused to
permit to qualify as Alderman for one
of the districts, no one can say one word
against cither his public or private char
acter. He is in every respect a humane
and enlightened gentleman; and the
only disability he labors under is, that
lie was a colonel in the Confederate
army, and has not been pardoned.
Why Jio was not elected .Mayor, it is
hard to account for upon any other
grounds than tho determination to re
ward the vile conduct of John T. Mon
roe, aud thus openly insult the Govern
ment.
We perceive there were two staunch
and sturdy Union men elected recorders
in New Orleans, in districts where the
German nnd Irish vote preponderate.
On the whole, -notwithstanding the
choice of Monroe, the election in Now
Orleans shows tbat city to be in a con
dition of very healthy Unionism. Sev
eral of the candidates elected, aro men
who, throughout the contest, stood (Irm
ly by the old flag, anil the issue wus
fairly made. Tho military authorities
have appointed J. Ad. Rozier, Mrryor,
who was one of thoseven members of the
convention who peisistently refusetl to
sign tlicordinaiiceofsecession,and never
would bond the knee to Baal. He, how
ever, opposed tho emancipation policy
of Mr. Lincoln, mill supported General
McClellaniu the last Presidential election
—because he wanted the Union as it was,
with tbe Constitution, and the institu
tion of slavery unimpaired. His dislike
of confederates and emancipationists
was equally bitter. At present, ho is
doubtless, a supporter of President
Johnson's policy. We have tlevoted
this much space to the Now Orleans
election booauue H is the newest impor
tant event in the progress of reconstruc
tion, and the latest military interfer. nee
in an election.
THE JAMAICA ATROGTTI-S.
MOM IIORRIIII.K HKVK.ATIOJI.?.
-VIIIKNCK Of WOMA--WIUPPINQ. Ml'.-iHII, All
SON, TIIKFT AND WANTON CRUELTY.
Full reports of the Jamaica investiga
tion appear in the English journals.
Witnesses have been culled to testify for
and against the authorities, and Gov.
Eyre himself lias been permitted togive
elaborate explanations of his conduct,
backed by evidence intended to show
that he was guilty of no excesses. With
regard to the case of Mr .Gordon, the
evidence remains as inconclusive as the
report of his trial presentcu it. Gov.
Eyre declared that he heard a number
of reports of his guilt, but he could not
say from whom. Pressed hy the com
missioners for something more definite,
he referred to the placard calling a meet
ingof the poor people of .St. Ann's in
July, and declared that the " very fact
of his holding up the Custos aud Mr.
Herschell to the odium of the public in
that placard, and thoir being murdered
after, prove that he was the prime mover
of the insurrection." This is all that
appears against Gordou. Thus far there
is no proof of his complicity with the
rebellion, and no excuse for his butchery.
Many of the sufferers and eye-wit
nesses of the cruelties practiced upon
others have been summoned before the
Commissioners, and their evidence re
veals a series of savage cruelties which
would disgrace a Sepoy. We cull the.
following extracts from the reports of
the testimony:
a woman whipped wrrn a wire-cat.
A woman named .Susannah Keiiuelt
swore positively that she had received
ono hundred lashes from a wire-eat.
There was evidence that cats had been
mado with wire twisted in the tails.
Dr. liiiiiiii.ii, au army surgeon, who was
appointed to examine the woman's
back, deposed that she could never have
beeu flogged with a military cat at all.
The next day the same woman received
twenty-live lashes from a cat, of which
the lash was a soft bark.
MKN KLOOUEI) AND HANOKO.
In Marshall's case, which forms the
main charge against Gordon Ramsay,
witnesses deposed that as he was under
going a flogging at Moraut Bay, he
writhed a goo.l deal under the punish
ment, and crieti out "'Lord a' mercy!"
upon which Ramsay ordered him to be
taken do WO and hanged. A rope was
put round his neck, and he was partly
shoved and partly drugged towards the
court house steps. Oue witness described
that he was dragged to the steps like a
barrel up a ship's side ; another that a
rope was " rove" round his neck, and
that he was "bowsed up." It has been
deposed that Kamsay struck one pris
oner two blows in the face; that the
same man was afterwards flogged, and
while tlie punishment was being in
flicted, Kamsay asked him whether
Gordon told him to kill " buckra." The
man said "No," aud Kamsay then or
dered tlie soldiers to strike him, and '
repeated the question. He returned the ,
same answer, and was flogged again. !
Kamsay then took out his pistol and
threatened to blow out bis brains.
MORK WOMAN-WHIPPING.
Two special constables deposed that
when the .oilier, came up at Stony Gut, ,
_, rmm ____________ mmm _ mm mmm aa-H-a mm ■_■_■
a black man named Levison turned to
run, upon which he was shot in the
shoulder hy an artillerymau. Levison,
however, escaped into the hushes. His
1 wife remained behind, and Ramsy or
, dered her to he flogged because she
would not, or could not, tell bin where
Paul Bogle was. After the Hogging, as
she did not tell, Ramsay said be would
hang her. By his direction a rope was
placed round her neck, and there it con
tinued a whole day, during which time,
as the witness said, she looked "like a
beast ready for slaughter." The troops
let her go on the Thursday, when Mr.
Ramsay went uway.
William Christie, a man residing on
his own property nt Font Hill, testified:
"When the soldiers came my father
went to the woods. They tied my moth
er's hands ou the post, slipped her stark
naked and'flogged htr. They gave thirty
lashes. I was on a hill not far off. 1
counted them myself, and when I came
in she told mo."
THEFT AND AR3ON lIV StM-DIHRS.
A widow named Jane Wilson, living
at Long Bay, seven miles to the east of
Manchiotieal, said that the troops came
to her house. Along with them was
Mr. Codrington, to whom she appealed
for mercy, saying that she was a poor,
destitute, innocent woman. Mr. Cod
rington replied: "It is martial law, and
you can have no mercy;" aud a soldier
said: "If you bawl, I'll shoot you."
They sent her for firesticks and then
burnt down tho house. The reason the
soldiers burnt her house was because
they said a black person could not have
so many clothes; hut she said that none
were stolen—they belonged to her, her
children and her late husband, who was
clerk to a church, aud a schoolmaster.
There was a man's riding saddle in her
house, hut that was her property, too,
and had not been stolen. There were
both black and white soldiers among
those who burned the house.
STONINU.
According to a man named Robert
son, it tailor of Morant Bay, some of tlie
persons who were flogged there were
stoned on the parade hy tbe soldiers and
sailors after being let loose. The soldiers
and sailors formed a line, and the men
were forced to run along it; he hod seen
some knocked dowu by stones. Some
officers were there, and iiiunt have seen
this practice more than once. Mr. Rum
say was there also. The practice went
on for one or two weeks and waa then
stopped.
WANTON CRUELTY BY AN OFFICER.
George and Mary Bryan told a story
which attributed to a British officer an
act of the most wanton and shocking
cruelty. Mary Bryan was married to a
negro of tho same name, Ned Bryan,
and they liveti, along with her brother
George and her brother-in-law, James
Bryan, at Long Bay, not far from Man
chioncal, occupying three "small set
tlements" of their own. On the 4th of
October, George and Ned weut to Kings
ton, where they remained over the 11 tit,
the day of the outbreak, and did not re
turn to Long Bay till the 15th. On the
Horning of the ltlth a detachment of
black -oldicrs came along the road. A
Dr. Morris seemed to he in command
They took Ned and James Bryan, who
were sitting down in the road. Ned
said: "Whal have I done? I have just
come from Kingston." The Doctor had
a pistol in his hand, and said: "No
cheek I If you are just from Kingston
come .along witli me, ami I will inquire
about it." They went a little way along
the road, and then Dr. Morris ordered
the two brothers to be tied to a tree face
to face, and three of the black soldiers
shot them. Mary stood hy with a child
in her arms and witne?.ud the execu
tion. "I hawled out" (cried) she said,
"and one of Ihe black soldiers said to
iinr, "It is that child who has saved you
this morning!'"
TUB CATS AGAIN.
In the evidence of a magistrate at
Bath, Mr. Kirkland, we find the follow
iti'' confirmation of the testimony con
cerning the use of Ihe eats:
"Many were Hogged, about fifteen a
day ; only ..nc man was flogged severely,
and he got forty lashes. The people were
punished in my uncle's yard in Bath.
There was some wire usoif in tlie cats,
but only for the men, not for the women.
No military officer saw the cats. The
only magistrate was my uncle and my
self, lie gave directions for the making
of the cats, but lie left it to Bruce. I saw
the cats, 1 saw four fully. All those
used for the men contained wire. The
only order Bruce got was to make them
according to the army pattern. There
were about four knots in each thong.
Only two men I saw were punished
much; whether from tenderness of skin
or not I can't say, hut they bled more
than others. I only saw one man get
one hundred lashes. He was afterwards
hanged.
"Only one man was flogged before he
was stmt to Morant Bay, but that was by
a mistake. There were about one hun
dred and fifty sent down to Morant Bay
under Maroon guard. Those flogged at
Bath were let go."
It, was sought, on behalf of Eyre, to
palliate the atrocity of woman-whipping
by tlie plea that the women were not
flogged with wire; but the evidence
given above shows that this was a false
hood. The London Daily News, com
menting with just severity upou the
cruelties proved to have been committed,
remarks : "It will be no longer possible
for us, after this official testimony, to
comfort ourselves with the belief that it
was impossible that men could be flogged
first and hung afterwards, or that women
could have been flogged by Englishmen.
But if it he possible, the shame is made
more burning by the claim tiiat seems
put in for tenderness und delicacy be
cause women were not flogged witli
wire. To these inhuman monsters it
would appear that only the physical
pain was a thing to be counted, and that
the atrocity of stripping women naked
that they might be flogged by men
seemed nothing, if only they we'ro not
badly cut."
IMAGINATION AND REALITY.
Years ago, Hawthorne—for future use
in some strange story, perhaps,—entered
iv It is note-book the sentence: "To
poison a person, or a party of persons,
with the sacramental wine." What
crime could seem more strange and im
probable than this—a crime only ad
missahle in the wildest romance? And
yet, quite recently, that form of murder
has been committrd iv Sweden, from
motives, apparently, eveu more iucon
ceivablc than thedeed itself. To relieve
his parish of its poor, a minister gave t.
the objects of charity fatal draughts at
the Communion. Human liature is In
deed, in its fancies and in its works, a
mystery, and truth Is stranger than fic
tion.
Probably most of our readers will re
member a paragraph in Macaulay's ar
ticle on Machiavelli, in which Haw
thorne's suggestion is stated as a not un
common fact in the feuds of Italian
statesmen iv the early part of the six
teenth century. In his masterly sketch
of the character of the typical statesman
of that period, Macaulay says : "To do
an injury openly is, in his estimation, as
wicked as to do it secretly, and far less
profitable. With him, the most honor
able means are those which are tlie
surest, the speediest and the darkest, He
cannot comprehend how a man should
scruple to deceive those whom he does
not scrupleto destroy. He would think
il madness to declare open hostilities
against rivals whom he might stab in a
friendly embrace, or poison in a conse
crated wafer,"— Bouton Tramcript, '
~—: . ..■ ■" ■"' i
DEAT_L_-E.TIIK ItK\_RENQ_QJ__.
WHEWELL.
The death of the Rev. Win. Whewell,
D. D., master of Trinity College, ("am -
bridge, and one of the most distin
guished scientific men of the present
day, is announced by the last arrival
from Kngland to have taken place on
Tuesday, the 6th of March. While
riding on the previous Saturday after
noon, he was thrown from his horse,
and bo seriously injured that lie was
taken up in a state of unconsciousness,
which lasted till Monday morning
Although hopes were at first entertuined
of his recovery, he noon began to sink
under the effects of the accident until it
came to a fatal termination as stated
above. Dr. Whewell was born at Lan
caster, May _4, 1704, and hud conse
quently nearly completed the "2d year
of his age at the time of his death. Like
the eminent American historian, whose
decease we have been recently called to
notice, ho was of humble parentage, and
intended to follow the joiner's trade,
which was that of his father. But he
early displayed superior abilities, and a
remarkable aptitude for learning, and
was accordingly seiit first to the gram
marschool iv his native town, and then
to the University of Cambridge. He
received distinguished ncudcpiic honors,
aud iv 1828 was elected professor of
mineralogy, which office he held tili
18.2. In 18.18 he was chosen professor
of moral philosophy, in 1811 became
master of Trinity College, and in 1866
vice chancellor of the University. In
connection witlithc British Association
for the Advancement of Science, of
which he was president in 1841, he drew
up the Reports on the "Tides," and on
the "Mathematical Theories of Heat,
Magnetism aud Electricity," which
rank first of his mathemati
cal productions. His most important
works ou physical science are "Astron
omy and General Physics considered
with reference to Natural Theology,"
published us the Third P.ridgewuter
Treatise;' "History of tlie inductive
Sciences," and "The Philosophy of the
1 nduclive Sciences founded upon their
History."
He edited Sir .Tallies Mackintosh's
"Introduction to tlio study of Bthlual
Philosophy," published v couple of vol
umes of his own on "Morality," ami
among his latest productions were some
translations of the "Ethical Dialogues
of Plato." If we add to this list, in
which wo have taken no notice of mere
University text-books, "Lectures on
Political Economy," .delivered at-the
desire of the late Prince Consort before
the Prince of Wales and other students;
an edition of the works of Richard Joins
on "Political Economy, Architectural
Notes on Churches in France and Ger
many," and "Some Specimens of Eng
lish Hexameters," published in a book
containing similar efforts hy Sir J.din
llerschcll, the late Archdeacon Hare,
ami Mr. Lockhart, We may give some
idea of his extraordinary Versatility snd
industry.
He waa an earnest student of German
philosophy and literature, and cherished
a warm admiral ion for the writing of
Kant, before tlie name of that illusti ions
thinker had been duly recognized by tlie
fchohii's of (treat Britain. He also
translated Goethe _ "Hermann and Do*
roiheo," into ICnglisli hexameters, and
published • version of Iho "Proiessor's
Wife," by Auerhaeh. Among his later
works wan the "Plurality of Worlds,"
published anonymously, in which he
argued that none of tht< planets except
the earth is inhabited. Dr. Whewell
was a man of commanding pretence,
and of wide inllueiice among his scien
tillc cotcniporarieH. His manners were
somewhat, tinctured with the pride of
learning, and were ungracious and even
overbearing to persons whoni he deemed
his inferiors ; but in spite of Ibis defect,
the encyclopo'dic variety of his knowl
edge, his facility of couiniuiiicrilion, and
it may bo added, a littlespioe of personal
vanity, made him, at all times, a delight
ful companion.
NEW-YORK CONFEREN'OB OF
THE MKTHODI-T PROTESTANT
CHURCH.
The New York Conference of the Me
thodist Protestant Church, now holding
its annual session in the Attoi ney street
Church, New York city, passed the fol
lowing resolutions on Monday, the Hey.
J. J. Smith being th.c mover :
Assembled, as wa now are, under the
blessings of peace, for tlie first time as a
Conference for four years past, with the
Rebellion completely overthrown—not
au armed Rebel in the field—the au
thority of the General Government
firmly ie-established over all tho late
rebellious slates, it fitly becomes us as a
Conference to, thus give formal expres
sion to the feelings, and especially to
the gratitude, of our hearts, for the won
derful deliverance God has wrought out
for us us a nation, iv giving success to
our arms, in having brought us safely
and triumphantly through one of the
most gigantic and dreadful civil wars
ever known on earth; therefore,
Resolved, That for this great victory,
and tho inestimable blessings of peace
and a united country, anil our iiitiu
eutial position among the nations of the
earth, thanks are due to Almighty God
for his manifest providential supervision
of our allairs by giving us wise rulers,
skillful officers anil brave soldiers, and
by so wonderfully nnd martclously
ordering all things as to make even our
occasional defeat, and humiliations tend
to subserve tho oauso of humanity and
the triumph of our arms; in preventing
humiliating wicked ami ruinous com
promises being made with our enemies
while iv arms; ill preserving us amid
the menacing attitude of oilier nations
and the diplomatic intrigue of European
courts from foreign war; in makingeveu
the enormous sacrifices of Mood and
treasure, the duration of the struggle,
ami the sanguinary manner in winch it
was waged by our enemies, the means of
intensifying our love of justice and ,'
hatred of oppression, and especially tbe i
cause of the Rebel lion, so that the na
tion was happily educated in this school ,
of suffering under God to demand at .
length the destruction of the Moused
institution.
Resolved, That believing as we dotliat
the institution of slavery as it existed in
tho United States was one of the most
unmitigated forms of wrong that ever
saw the sun—that it was most emphati
cally the sum of all villainies; that this
Conference expresses its devout thank
fulness to the Great Ruler of nations
thatthisaboniination has been destroy
ed, aud our Constitution so amended'as
to proclaim Liberty throughout the
land, to ail the inhabitants thereof.
Resolved, That inasmuch as treason is
declared to be thegreatest crime knowu
to civil governments—and as upon the
leaders of this Rebellion rests tho blood
of a million of human beings—it is our i
calm and settled conviction uninfluenced
by passion, party strife, or sectional
prejudice —that expediency, coustitu- !
tional law, justice, and the Bible, all o
unite in demanding that at least some of
the principal leaders of this rebellion be
punished with death.
. ,_». J
An Irish school master is teaching the
Mexican English at twenty-live cents
per lesson. His pupil progress rapidly, ■
and now approch every American with
"An'faith, how are ye?" "The top of -
the mornin' to ye," &c; <&c. There is (
•ome suspicion that the "master" is a "
Fenian, o
___Mr. John Rutter Chorley ho. lati?lv g
f fane, entttl*. "Tbo Wife's Litany," which cofelaiu. a
praier to the Virgin, beginning thus.'
Thou that once ou earth didst weep !
By a broken heart's complaint,
And a paiu Unit poiaoti. sleep, ,
Mary, Mother. Queen and Saint,
I Hear me, for my wound I. deep I
] Aid me, for my swiil ia _int I
' Bid the darkness uotne and seal
c Burning eyas that will not cu.se;
~ Let me oeaae awhile to feel;
And the pangs of tunny woea,
i And the [mart thou mny.t not heal,"
H tlentlo Mother, bid repose!
- FROM MR.'sUMNER.
I
Sebatu Ohabihb, March 15, 1866.
[ To the FAitorsof the Bolton Daily Advertiser:
il Giinti.emen—My atteutiou has been
- oallotl to au editorial article in your
- paper where you say that Mr. Sumner
r " aided in defoatiiiß" tho proposed con
,> siitutional auiendiuent " because in his
t- opinion it fell short of what was
ii needed."
:l Permit me to say that this does not
~ stale my position accurately.
c My special objection to the proposed
I amendment was two-fold; first, that it
I carried iuto the Constitution by express
- words the idea of Inequality of Rights,
i which, in my opinion, would be a de
a lileinent of the Constitution; and
, secondly, that it lent the sanction of the
f Constitution to a wholesale disfran
i ohls«__ent on account of race or color,
r Thus far nothing of tlio kind had been
. allowed to find a place in its text. To
5 my ml ad it was clear that uothing of
i tho kind ought lo be allowed to find a
i place in its text.
f You will see, therefore, that my oppo
,- .-.itioii was not because the proposed
i amendment " fell short of what was
, needed," but because it did what in my
i judgment ought not to be done. It is
- true that its objectionable character be
t came too apparent when it was cousid
- ered that it did this at a moment when
1 complete justice to the freedmen was at
' once the prompting of gratitude and the
r requirement of necessity for the sake of
, tlio national peace and the good name
■ of the republic. But the special objec
r tion to tbo proposed amendment was not
that it "fell short," but that It was bad
s in itself. It is sometimes said "a half
1 loaf is better than no bread," and this
- has been called a " half loaf." But no
-1 hody would accept a " half loaf" if it
i were poisoned. To my mind there was
.. poison in the proposed amendment. In
i thin respect it was unlike the proposi
■■ tion to found representation on voters,
i which, besides being more surely eilec
.> live to the same end, had no poison in
; Others did not see (he proposed
i amendments- I did. Had they seen it
I so, they must have voted against it.
Put seeing il as I did, I think you will
- agree with me that I could not hesitate
lin my opposition to it.
t Ido not write now for any purpose of
, controversy, but simply that my position
- may not bo misunderstood.
! I -Ui, gentlemen,
Your faithful servant,
i Chaki.ks SiiMNr.u.
I . ... " ... J!
f THE NEWS.
I —___
I The steamship Peruvian, from Liver
) pool March H, ami T.ondouderry March
- i), arrived at Portland on Monday,
I bringing two days later news. Aller
; iiinii crisis is said to be imminent.
Prussia now demands from Austria the
' cession of Holstelu aud Is said to lie
■ ready to force a war. The American
I Government is said to have intimated
I lliat it is fully informed about the
, movements of tlieEenians, and will not
allow breaches of neutrality. The an
■ Dual bill for the abolition of church rates
f w.is, on March 7, passed to a second
i rending by a vote of 95 to 2>s_, in the
I British House of Commons.
> Strenuous efforts are being made in
j Cub- to revive the slave trade, which
for some years has been declining. The
' Captain General la said to have sent in
his resignation, being dissatisfied with a
decree of the Colonial Minister at Mad
rid concerning the negroes captured
from slave expeditions.
It is rumored tbat the O'Mahony Fe
nians have sent 5,000 nion to "parts un
known" during the last ten days, and
that the "Sweenians" are engagetl in
I raining a regiment of "free lunces" to
l make a raid on Canada.
The lightermen of Brooklyn have
slruck forS. perday; theadvance to take
ell't'ct April 1. The masons ami plaster
ers of Jersey City also demand Increased
' wages, and are now idle in consequence.
Gobi was weak on Monday in New
York, and closed at 128J, after selling as
low as 1274. Government stocks were
barely steady at the prices of Saturday.
Bank share.-- steady. Money was abun
dant on call at s®. per cent., anil more
was offered than'could be used by stock
houses. The business of the Sub Trea
sury was: Receipts, $701,121) 50—for
Customs, $284,000; Payments, $7,711,(102
05—onaccountof Loan,sso,ooo; Balance,
71; Coin Certificates, $95,560.
MISCELLANEOUS,
y IRCINIA TO EUROPE DIBEOT.
The pplen.ll,l Uriluh Steamship
EPHE S U 8 ,
3,000 Tons Ilurthen,
CAPTAIN WILLIAM COLLINfJS,
will ...11 from
NORFOLK FOU LIVKRPOOL,
direct, ou or about
FIRST OF MAY NEXT.
Freights at low rates.
Ailv.iiicea made on consignments lo our friend..
F,,r particulars apply to WILLIAM ___•,
Ueuernl Af*el.t.
11. I ltimut.t., Ksq., Agent, Richmond.
Hew*. Cbutvb) A ÜBBQSn, Agent*, falsittjiiiif.
Menu Mac Andbsks t C, Agonta, Liverpool.
__■_-_
Passengers for _f__WTOßi_
Tho :•!'..in .!ii u
SARATOGA,
Captain KINO,
will Imtte bn- berth at .-'inlih's «hut f, Town Point, at X
~', lot It, ibis (WBDN-SDAYj morning, Pa.Mi.gen will
pl*M* b. punctual. J. M. miITII A BRO..
inarrjl—lt Agenla, Norfolk, Va,
ej PE Ql Aoh M& 7 l CLE.
Tl.'n t'l. ,it.,.,bip
GEORGEAPPOLD
will anil for BOSTON on
fI.ATURUAY, MARCH 24, 1800.
at 12 o'clock, M.
F„r freight or passage, apply to
JAMKS PATTRN, Agent,
l„:n -I—Bt Kimb.i ly'a Whuff, Norfolk, Va.
lt i n r" m am AAA,
NO. C2O ARCH STREKT,
I' 11 I 1. A I) X L P II I A .
WATCHES,
Fine Gold JEWELRY,
Solid SILVER W A It X ,
mid Superior SILVER PLATKD VTAUS,
at Reduced Price* I
marlO—lm
VyANTED TO PURCHASE.
From On» Thousand t<, Five Thousand Cords of Good
Mi.. I, .in,il.l,i Pi.Ml CORD WOOO, at soma convenient
place lo lighter to vessela. There must bo ml ly foar feet
of Water Bt tlio .shore. Apply to, or address..
Messrs. DUIILEY BKAN k CO.,
nuglil—-tf No. 14 Roanoke Sqaarp.
ATADEIRA WINE.
A few dozen bottlea ..r very tin
OLD MADEIRA,
a variety—for .ale at ths " TIP TOP "
Witts and Liqupr Stors,
lev—tf Under the Atlantic Hntol.
ALD NEWBPAP E.R 8 , "
B.ilUble f*r WRArriNU PAPLR—ror Ml* at tbia
fflc. j I
d__ — -AMU*.EM i:\is. -
It 0 R F . L X
OPERA HOUSE.
POSITIVELY FOR THREE NRiHTS ONLY;
Commencing THURSDAY, MARCH 22.
MADM'E GHIONI
I AND
SIGNORS U S I N I ' S
GRAND ITALIAN OPERA.
' D'«*-TOB jj AX g TRAKOBC!W .
Mr.. announces with initoh tan tbat
I be Int. succeeded in engaging a competent aud efficient
ITALIAN OPERA COMPANY,
embracing tl,.- niosit eminent ARTIST?, and romiilel*
CHORUS „,„] OKfll ES'I'RA, r_B,M_s,t_* hostArti.tl
. v on -on- Y.nk, with whom ho will give in Norfolk
THREE GRAND OPERA NIGHTS,
THURSDAY, FRIDAY AND SATURDAY,
MARCH 22, 23 and 21.
A rhtngß ~r Opera each tiijrlil will be given, in a styla
unrivalled l.y any othw management. The following
eminent Al tista, nil ~1 \vti.,n, hay* performed this winter
f,,r (orty .-.ins.-.fitiv.- 8-ED. Open Nights ut the New
Ogata Bamt, New Orleans, wit. the most unprecedented
, .ttL'cea.s, inilistitllt* the
OHIONI AND SUSINI OPERA COMPANY:
1 SIGNORA ANUIOLINA OHIONI, the Great Draiutitl.
Primu 1,.,,i'i,
MADMI.I.E I'AI'I.INHOANISSA.the young and highly
tiilei.te.l rrinia DdSßtt Loggiera
' MM-AMALIAPA'msi'IIAKOJOII, t1... famous and
pupulur Piitii,. Donna Contralto.
Piimi Tei.ori, Mn MAI.'AFFKRIII, gig. J*K-A-I.
Mad Baritetii, *?,«. MANl'Ugl, Ug. MARHA.
l'rinm Bassi, fiig. AIII'STINO SI'SISI.
M'.lini, l-tW|l|H_nilll taflll). Seen,! Donnat.
Sig.iot'a Xintcnes nn.l llelli. Se.roi.,l Tenors.
Sigiiors Locntelli iin.l Miissio, Masai Rujaos.
Wlilt a power Cii Chorus au>lcomplete Orchestra under
th* direct-... ol ir." Musical Oondnc_r,S(B-.oi ir.oßl
a «_*•*__?' '' <■■•'■"■■■ '■'■--, -_-|tr, Slgnor
1.i'i11,,. Pr..,. | tn, Ut , 1,.,,,..,,. c.ialumiir Signar
HSU ia.
The Mm Mf Operas will be pt-riiinnod entire I
'I'lllKrsllAV, MARCH tt,
Bellini',. (Iraii.l Opera, in Three Art.,
N O R |f A .
Me-lainee liliiiuii tl_o*a__, Wgntllt WbUbIIbiII and
r*itaiiiiin the principal roles.
FRIDAY, MULCH tt,
R.isaini's C.flii,' Opera, iv Three Act.,
11. BAKBIEKE 1)1 SEVIGLIA.
M'i,t„ Pain ttrakoaeh, tla ammt, H__mL Su.in'
a,i,l Maria In tbt principal role*..
HATCH DAY, MARCH .1,
U.iiitiur's (1ra..,l Uoinriuli,' Opera, in Five Acta,
EAU S T .
Mesilaniea Ciiissa :in,l p.itti ftrultosch. Signor. Eirni>i
Mancnsi riitil M.iir.i in the piiiiiip.l r01e.,.'
Wit, I'limil s AMI ORCHESTRA.
Slnsi.nl Director and Conductor,
S I G N 0 m V . ROSA.
SCt UK OF PRICES.
Private llox, s, coiilaiiiiug live persons $i 0 (hi
Orchestra Chairs. , _ qjj
Pai'ipiflli, anil Dt_BC-.1l !....'.".." |00
Reaet'U"lae.itai,Oceula extra.
_.**7 1 oo
Theaal.'i.r sens and li.l.els will commence on Tun
• lay, March SO r.l 10 a. in ,at a kWMS-Opra Fancy Stors
No. oil Mil,. Hreet. * '
Floors open ut 7J 2 ' o'clock. Opera cotntiiences at .
■*• niat'l7—lf
DAN. CASTELLO'S
GREAT SHOW ! !
THIS COMPLETE
GO It PS OF ARTISTS
Will have tho honor ~r ..ppesriug l.ofoin the Public of
NORF 0 L X
For Four Day. Only,
MONDAY, TUESDAY, WEDNESDAY 4 THURSDAY,
MARCH _«, .;, H a,,d 2(1.
Vint Peifornmnie will 1,., given on
MONDAY NlilllT. MARCH 20, 18.6,
an-1 every
AFTERNOON and KVKNINO DURIN.I THKTI.UE.
Pavilion will bo crccto. corner Maiu und Uranby Streets.
£J> This Tlo , ip „ am , ie , h6a(1(i(l .
....JT^p 3 ' *-__
' i_s_jS CL °WN,
•' J MH,
- JSe'il 3L\,_. HUMORIST,
' - ll\ ORATOR and
? *r*ga|g-- I'KRFORMKR
_ 0,.. °" — American Continent,
''■■m) \Tltl •*•***_- Illimitable fmmmmr
' IWt ))ir iug Ruaaian Horao,
WW " O I A R."
f^mZZlm\ "'" Tl '" r " ll, s , ' l "' , " J Tri.rk Horse
• m-Mx\ ANDY JOHNSON.
JJSTn. Iliai;„mi.' Pony "JANUARY,"
■t*~u* t; V* .""I bis eilu.'al,,! MULES.
DAN GASTELLO
}f\ Will ~_(s-nte hrs Flying Leap
y ___r__-___. tn Li le, every al'iernoon
sh*3*Mtß_aSa-E**M» ami BTnlsf.
\JJt nOTICE.
**Z *__ OREAT
HOKAt i:\llißiriON.
_M[ A _— Mr.i,rig"l'h.is, at a great
'fJVfS-K. '->l ' it. , obtained the aei'Vi-is
nt li.'n l.e,igcr, the Lien Kin,-,
ffffl ti'ii'lhr with bis
WONDERFUL
LIONS
< e___ m j I- I O N X 8 fl X 8 .
/>iC m___[ •_' exhibition will tak*
ir"-*BE_f \ I' 1 1" 1" [l " ,;i "k', thereby gtv
v __W npport.mity ~i
M_ mWrAw nnv '"r: » perfect view of these
ifS__ _»\l '& II," 1'1.r.-I" 1., lure
r 11, ir 1.,-nt'. i eiitora tho.len.
The Cottip.iny .-oniprlsn torae
a of tie- I'm -at per!'ornierß_inal*
(nil liinnl.—eirber iv Knropo
or Am, n.rn, consisting of
EQUESTRIAN YAULTIRS,
ACROBATS
and
V^tppS- s**5 ** n v M N A 8 T S . '
H DAN. CASTELLO and Mi.
rf) CHARLES PARKER, ths two
||! great Clowns, will appear in
Ju ,v»ry p,r:'.,rinafice.
- }AA( tj B9- A corps of Utbera ar.
1/ \\ engaged to seat our patroD.,
// Vi nnd the public stay be aet.rs.l
IL-.r- - _na*trr that tbe atrictest order .0. de—
"*" cornm wtll l.c preserved.
PRICES OF ADMISSION.
Admission $1 flu
Cliiblretl 60
Colored Pcopl*. 76
m_rlf_-l_

xml | txt