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The North Carolina Republican.
JAMES H. HARRIS, Editor FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 10th, 1880. Republican National Ticket. For , President -JAMES A. GARFIELD, of Ohio. For Vioe-Fresident CHESTER A. ARTHUR, of of New York. Republican Electoral Ticket. For Electors of President and Vice-President : STATE AT LABGE : OLIVER H. DOCKERY, of the Sixth Congressional District. GEORGE B. EVERITT, of the Seventh Congres sional District. V DISTBIOTS : JOHN B. BESPASS, of the First Congressional Dis trict WILLIAM 8. 0B. ROBINSON, of the Second Con gressional District. SAMUEL W. WATTS, of the Third Congressional District. GEORGE W. PATTERSON, of the Sixth Congres sional District. JAMES G. RAMSAY, of the Seventh Congressional District. WILLIAM R. TRULL, of the Eighth Congressional District. Republican State Ticket. For Governor RALPH P. BUXTON", of Cumberland. For Lieut. Governor RUFUS BARRING- ER, of Mecklenburg. For Secretary of State RICHARD M. NOKMENT, of Robeson. br State Auditor RILEY H. CANNON, of Jackson. For State Treasurer AARON D. JENK INS, of Gaston. For Superintendent of Public Instruction ARCHIBALD R. BLACK, of New Hanover. For Attorney General AUGUSTUS M. MOORE, of Chowan. "Republican Congressional Ticket. ' Fob Conoriss 1st District CYRUS W. GRANDY, 'Toi Cohqbess Third r Distbiot WILLIAM P. : CANADAY, of New Hanover. Fob Congress 4th Distbiot MOSES A. BLED SOE, of Wake. Fob Cokobess Sixth Distbict WILLIAM R. MYERS, of Mecklenburg. Fob Cowgbess Seventh Distbict DAVID M. FURCHES, of Iredell. 7 ' , Republican Judicial Ticket. (To be voted throughout the State.) ' For Judges of the Superior Court. FOB JUDGE FOUBTH JUDICIAL DISTBIOT : VOB JUDGE TXFTH JUDICIAL DISTBICT : JAMES H. BEADEN, of Chatham. ELECTION Tuesday, November 2d, 1880. Subscribers failing to receive their paper regularly will confer a favor by notifying us at once. The illegibility of the names is frequently the cause of error on the part of the mailing clerk. All names, therefore, should be written in a plain, legible hand. The Democratic Senate of North Caro lina and the Democratic Magistrates of Pa.1 quo tank county both elected colored men to office. Now ceasa calling the Re publican party the negro party. It is the party of the people, and is pledged to res tore to the masses the rights stolen from them by Gen. Oox and Gov. Jar vis in 1875 Democratic challeugers, under Chair man Mason's system, will be instructed to look for discrepancies between the registra tion and the poll books. To make it plain : if the name "Marcus Jones" appears jn the registration book, and the clerk of the election in 1878 entered on the poll book the name "Mark Jones,' this is to give rise to Democratic "chin music," to kill time. The Election Law. Id the abstract of this law there is an error, which the in telligent reader will correct. Under the sub-bead : of Registering and voting," instead of the words, "following excep tions," in first line of the second paragraph, read9 "foregoing exceptions," and substitute a comma af fe-r "exceptions,77 instead of a colon. Get the abstract, read it and govern yourself accordingly. File away the paper containing , it, so as to have the election .law ready for reference and use, during the canvass and on the day of elec Uon, ; "i A " - : . MAJ.BLEBSOE'S CANVASS, Maj. Bledsoe, Republican candidate for Congress in the 4th district, is making a splendid and most effective canvass Every where he is greeted by large and attentive andiences composed of both parties His speeches are masterly and convincing, and while exciting Republicans to the highest pitch of enthusiasm makes disa-trous in roads upon the ranks of the Democracy. His competitor, Gen. Cox, is but a child in his hands. To say that he has in every en counter completely vanquished that gentle man is a mild form of expression for the se vere punishment which he has invariably ir.flicted upon him. Maj Bledsoe is, with out doubt, one of the besc atnmp speakers in the country. He has not bis qaal per haps in the State. He is eminently a man of the paople. He understands their con dition, he knows their wants and sympa thizes with them in all that pertains to their political, educational and material interests.- In the present straggle of the people against their tyrants, Maj. Bledsoe is natu rally fuund on the fide f the former, prov ing himself one of tut most efficient cham pions of their cause. Being so thoroughly identified with tne masses in thought and feeling he knows how to address himself to them in a manner to be understood and ap preciated. He is well known throughout the district, and has tbe confidence ot the laboring classes, white and colored. They know that he is no demagogue, but that his utterances are tbe honest convictions of a mn who is acquainted with the charac ter and record of the Democratic party, who perceives its despotic policy, its dangerous tendencies and the direful results that will inevitably follow its continuation in power. The present crisis demands leaders of Mj. Bledsoe s stamp. Tbe people will fol low him because they see plainly that Dem ocratic supremacy means the destruction of free government and the extinction of their liberties. Hundreds of Dr mocrata only need the impulse of Maj. Bledsoe' pow erful appeals to induce thjHn to brnak from their party and vote the R publican ticket. From all parts of the district comes the gratifying intelligence that tbe publican ranks are swelling by accessions from the Democratic camp. It requires some courage on thepart of a life long Democrat to throw off his party allegiance and go oyer fo the opposition. The man who does this id North Carolina subjects himself to misrepresenta tion, ostracism and abuse. , :Ience the f men are renouncing their connection with the Democratic party ' and pledging ihen "selves to Buxton and Bledsoe, gives evi dence of a growing spirit of independence among our citizens that foreshadows the triumphant election of Maj. Bledsoe to Con gress. FORE W ARND ! FOREARMED! The county of Wake is Republican. No man outside of an asylum for the insane will assert the contrary. Mr. W. 8. Mason, Chairman of "The Central Hancock, Jar vis and Ccx Club of Wake county" a body that provides in its printed plan, for ascertaining "who can influence any" color, ed voters ('tell it not in Gub: publish tit not in the streets of Askelon') "to vote the Democratic ticket'"- knowing that his party is in tbe minority, has been busy, for several weeks, copying the registration books of the various precincts and matur ing a system of challenging, whereby the colored voters may he put to much trouble. E irth will roll as usual that short Novem ber day, and the Democrats have made their calculations that, by challenging (for the Constitution of Chairman Mason's Club provides for this work on election day) many votes will be lost to the Repub licans, the sun disappearing before the Democratic challengers cease asking their time-killing questions. Colored voters ! see to it that you have friends at the polls to identify you, but first see that your name, is correctly written on the registration book. Democratic Apathy One of the Democratic papers published in New Berne complains of tbe apathy prevailing in the ranks of the Democracy of that section. There is nothing strange in this. The people of Craven can not be very enthusi astic in the support of a party that has stolen from them most of their rights The Magistrates of that county; were so mod est (1) that, in electing a Board of County Commissioners, tljey ignored all material from which to select except their own body. It was a bad day for the freemen of this State when Gen. Cox telegraphed to Robe r son; ' : ' Let all attend the Colored People's Fir j wnicn opens op toe tn ipst, . - 4 , t J-"' " All the Intelligence. One of the reasons given by the Democracy for rob bing the people of the right to elect Mag istrates, - is, that in some of the eastern counties r ignorant meu were sometimes elected. Let as see : In one of these sam counties, on the firwt Monday in August, the Justices met with the Commissioners and actually iorgot to levy any tax on the poll! They are all Democrats, in the choosing of whojh the people had no voice, because of thefcMpg of that telegram of Gen. Cox's. 1 A very aged and good old gent, standing near the corner last week, shouted as he said : "I belong to de army of de Lord." A mischievious lad over the way replied by saying : "Sorry to tell you old man, yon7re far from head-quarters." OUR WASHINGTON LETTER. w . ... To the Editor of The Republican ; WASHINTON, D. C- Sept. 6, 1880. If these articles, the 13:b, 14th and 15th are not the results of the war", what are the results of the war f Those who took up aims in 1861 were from the South as well as the North; no Masou's and Dixon's line divided them. They dwelt in thtf slave S tates aud inhabited the free. They fought to defend the Union. "The Union must and shall be preserved," was the sentiment that animated the brasts end strengthened ti e arms ot every Union soldier. The Union was what they fought for to f s ablish on a surer ba-Ms. To construe the constitution as a sup porter of "Liberty,'' to establish "Justice," to promote "the welfare," and to establish the Union on a firmer and lasiing basis. These are the leults of the war. Slavery, as contended by all, was sec tional; it was also contended to be true, that liberty L National. The blood of mil lions has been devoted to Liberty; on its altars have ben sacrificed the purest and best blood of mankind. (Should the poor est of to day present a more fittiag sacri fice to liberties behests?) Can slavery boast of such martyrdom ? It wa-i this sectional feeliug that caused the war, and tbe results of the war are the promulga tion of these trutbs, "That the constitu tion of tbe United States aud the lawn made in pursuance thereof is the supreme law of the land." To construe the consti tution as a supporter of Liberty. We know while tbe Government wa in the hands ol the sectionalists it was governed ia their interests. For example, there were the Dred Scott decision a id the Fugitive Slave Billjthe latter caused and tbe former given in the interests of: the sectionalists Their doc trine k was that - the constitution could not interfere with their rights as States In other words tt a Srate law in the State . . l(flvvi m t tut? State, was ajL Ve th constitution of the United Statesf and tl ar the constitution ot tbe United Sisates applied only to the United States as a whole. The constitution secures to all the bless ings of liberty; now wht-re the blessing of liberty is to be established, the curse of slavery must be destroyed. Slavery was abolished b fore the end of the war; it was not wrested from the South as a pun ah- menr; it was as mucn a war measure as any that was adopted during the war, and to reenter the union, which the States sought to destroy, tbey had to adopt the constitution then fxisting before enter ing it. One of its results was to establish ms tice. Now what is justice! Is it to bind the manacles of slavery on the limbj of our fellow man ? to make them more galling? Is it to say that because one man's skin is darker than another's, therefore he in not entitled to breathe the same air, aud to en tighter skin is allowed to breathe and en joy l 'lhat the penal law of the former must not be applied to the latter, that tbe idea ot (quality before tbe law is a mvth t JNoi sncn is not justice. Justice is to give to tbe weak what the strong can demand by force, to protect the weak against the strong, to have tbe laws impartially enforced, and to give to uli th Fame right to lite, liberty and tbe pursuit of happiness. One of the results of the war is also to promote the welfare of all No class legis lation must be enacted. The constitution says that a citizen of one State was a citi zen of every State; before the war a citizen of New York was not considered iu a Southern State as a citizen entitled to all the privileges of a citizen of that particular State; now, no matter what State a citizen is from, whether the cold bleak winds of Maine have blown upon him,or the hot rays of a. Georgia sun have burnt his skin, he po88essss the same rights ot an American citizen and carries them with him wherever he goes. These are a small part of the results of the war. Are not these rights among those enumerated in the constitution , and inde pendent of tbe 13 14 and 15 articles of the constitution ? And as it was stated before are they not confirmatory of those , rights contained in the original ? r The rights ot the States are not oblitera , ted by tbe war, but the rights of the people are more understood. The Uiiion as pro mulgaib! by . the fathers, is not a rope of sand, falling to pieces by its weight, but a bundle of bars of iron made op of States wedded together in the fires of adversity and brought therefrom a Union of States with strength to stand the storm of battle and the elements and the march of time. J. A. H THE OHANDE6T STEAL OF THE AGE. Frrm The Raleigh Sigral. It is generally believed that tho pretended sale of the Western North Carolina railroad by Gov Jarvis to W. J. Best, was the grandest steal ever perpetrated on tho people 01 State. Let us examine the facts as they are : COST OP TILE ROAD. , The original appropriation of bonds under the act of 1854-'55, to the Western North Carolina railroad was $4,000,000. Of this amount $957,000 were retired by exchanges .with other companies for stocks or bonds since the war, under authority of law, leaving the amount of bonds now outstanding $3,043,000. The appropriation for . this road, in special tax bonds, for which Gov. Jarvis voted in 1868 was $4,000,000. From the time the road was bought in 1875, by the State, to the date of the pretended sale to Mr. Best, the State had paid out $1,300,000 in buying and constructing the road. In addition to thesa expenses by the State, the counties of Burke and McDowell each subscribed $50,000 for stock in the road, and these counties have been heavily taxed to meet the interest on these bonds. Now, what has the road cost ? Bonds under act of 1854 '55, $3,043,000 Special tax bonds under act of '68, 4,000,000 Paid by State since the road was bought by the State, Private subscriptions, Paid by Burke and McDowell, 1,300.000 1,000,000 100,000 Total, $9,443,000 Here are nine million four hundred and forty three thousand dollars, without counting inter est paid by the State from 1854 to 1861, on the first appropriation in bonds, without counting the sum received from the sale of tbe special tax bonds and the interest paid thereon, and without counting the interest on the county subscriptions. In round numbers the road, at the time it was turned over to Mr. Best, had cost the people of the State TEN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS. ITS MANAGERS SINCE 1874. The road was bought by the State early in the year 1875. It was managed by the Demo crats for five years, and at the time of the pre tended sale to Mr. Best, the road was abso lutely worn out and the State, according to Gov. Jarvis, Treasurer Worth and Secretary of State Saunders, was bankrupt and could not complete the road. THE STATE BANKRUPT ENORMOUS TAXATION FOR THE YEAR 1881 1 The amount of money that would have been required to be raised by taxation for the fiscal year ending September 30 th, 1881, on account of the ross mismanagement of the Western N. C. railroad and the extravagance and in crease of expenses in running the State gov ernment, by Gov. Jarvis and his administra tion, according to the published letters of Gov. Jarvis, Treasurer Worth, Secretary of State Saunders, and Mr. J. W. Wilson, President of the Western N. C. railroad , would h a ve been SEVENTEEN HUNDRED AND TWENTY I ti.ivv J " uvuulvuvj - vuvj -; State Treasury lor the fiscal year ending September 30th, 1880, $250,000 Ordinary expenses of the State . 4 ' government for the fiscal year ; . ' ending September 30th, 1881, 657,000 Interest on consolidated State debt due and payable January 1st, 1881, 160,000 To continue work on the Western North Carolina railroad, 260,000 To repair Western N. O. railroad with iron, engines, road-bed, 500,000 Total taxes for 1881, $ 1,727,000 This would have been more than three times the amount of tax paid for the fiscal year ending September 1880. This was the point to which Gov. Jarvis and his administration had brought the State, which made it necessary to sell the Western N. C. railroad to prevent the over whelming defeat of the Democrats in this State in November next. THE ROAD ACTUALLY GIVEN AWAY 1 The act ordering the sale of the road to Mr. Best actually gives the road away. This prop erty has already cost the people of the State ten million of dollars, and when completed to Paint Rock, and connections made with the great Western States, will be the most valuable . piece of property in the South. It is the key to the Mississioni Vallev, and is the nearest , route from Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, and other great cities of the Western States, to the Atlantic ocean, and will be the cheapest route to foreign markets. EmineiO railroad men are of the opinion that the road to Paint Rock when completed would have paid sufficient dividends to relieve the people of the State of all taxes for State purposes,, just as tho Georgia State, road paid that State f money enough for many years to do away with all taxation for State purposes. Now what is the State to receive for this invaluable proper ty ? It would be supposed that if the work already done cost ten millions of dollars, that at least that sum ought to have been paid the State for property that when completed will be valuable beyond measure. Not so. The State is not to receive one ' cent in money for . the road. It is provided in section 12 of the act, that Mr. Best shall deliver to the State $550, 000 in first mortgajge bonds, and when this is done the lien held by the State upon the road will no longer exist. Was there ever a greater fraud perpetrated upon any people? These bonds have not been delivered yet, and when delivered will not be worth much more than the paper theV-'toCprinted upon. Such is the record. Sw. rJhe shameful and unwarranted giving awayNrfi the most valuable piece of property owned by the State, and which, when completed, would have paid all State expenses and relieved the people of all taxation to raise money to run the State government. For this act Go?. Thomas Jordan , Jarvis and his administration are solely responsible. NO NECESSITY FOB THE SALE. There was no necessity, for , the pretended, or actual bona fide sale of the road. Both par ties were pledged to complete the road. The people would have made any reasonable sac rifice to have completed the road. The State has the convict labor. They must be fed and clothed; they could have been employed on the road until it was all graded and ready for the bridges, cross-ties, iron and rolling stock. For these articles of superstructure the State could have paid the ready money out of the Treasury, and thus retained the ownership and control of the road, and would have been tho recipient of every dollar of dividends earned by the road, except the small amount going to the private stockholders. The manifesto of Col. Walter Clark, so fearfully demoralized Gov. Jarvis and his ring, that they sold the road as the only means of preventing the utter rout and defeat of the Democratic party. The success of the party was the only thing that was thought of. Utter ruin may be visited upon the people hereafter, as the result of the sale of the road, but this was not cared for, provided the people could be deceived so as to enable Gov. Jarvis and his ring to carry the State in November next. PEOPLE NOT RELIEVED OP TAXATION. Gov. Jarvis and his ring said that the sal (5 of the road to Mr. Best would relieve the peo ple of more than half the taxes they were pay ing for State purposes. If this had been true, the relief ought to have commenced as soon as Mr. Best took charge of the road. But such is not the fact. Each property owner paid twenty four cents on every hundred dollars valuation of hi3 property in 1879, the same rate is levied and will be collected this year. The Legisla ture, at the extra session in March last, mado no reduction of this tax. The road has been given away to Mr Best, and the people are now required to pay the same amount of taxes as paid by them when they owned and controlled tho road. NOTHING HAS BEEN PAID BY MR. BEST. Mr. Best has paid nothing. The floating debt of $30,000 has not been paid. The $550 000 in bonds have not been delivered to tho State. The State is still boand for the $850, 000 in bonds, with which the road was pur chased in 1875. The State is still bound for the $3,043,000 of bonds issued under the act of 1854-55. The State is morally and hon estly bound for the amount of money expended on the road received from the sale of the spe cial tax bonds, for which issue Gov. Jarvis voted. The State is now feeding, clothing and guarding the convicts at work on the road, and yet Mr. Best has not paid the dobts owing by him and has not relieved the State of her liabilities on account of the road, and has not relieved the people of any portion of their taxes for this year Was there ever a more deliberate and premeditated swindle perpetrated upon a civilized people ? For it, Gov. Jarvis and his ring are solely responsible. BEST BANKRUPT AND DESERTED. We are informed that there are judgments against Mr. Best docketed and unpaid in Ca barrus county, on debts incurred by Mr. Best when he was engaged in the mining business in . that county. Mr. Best is, therefore, bankrupt, othorwis tko-Slierims or the State would eoll his property and pay his debts. That Mr. Best cannot carry out his contract, and that he has been deserted is proven by the fact that Messrs. W. R. Grace, James D. Fish, and J. Nelson Tappan, who were the original contractors with Mr. Best, have withdrawn from the contract and now have nothing to do with Mr. Best and his railroad swindle. These men doubtless found out that they were being used as tools to effect the election of Jarvis and his ticket, that the railroad would not be completed, that a grand swindle was to be perpetrated on tho people ot the otate, and they, being honest men, withdrew from the contract and ceased to have anything to do with Mr. Best and Gov. Jarvis and his railroad ring. THE ROAD TO DUCKTOWN NOT TO BE BUILT. It is generally understood that the road to Ducktown will not be built. It is not believed that Mr. Best ever intended to build that lino of the road. The completion of the road has not progressed one inch toward Asheville since Mr. Best took control of the road. No work has been done beyond Asheville towards Paint Rock. Nothing has been done on the Duck- town line and nothing will be done. NO DAMAGES RECOVERABLE. The 11th section of the contract as signed by Messrs. Best, Grace, Fish and Tappan. pro vides that no damages shall be recoverahl against them or either of them for any breach of their contract. The people may be defrauded and swindled, the road may languish and not be completed for years, and for all this wrong and injury to the people of the State there is no remedy. Was there ever such a contract entered" into by .sensible people? Was fraud, peculation, rascality and swin dling, ever more apparent in any transaction ? Gov. Jarvis and his ring ticket are responsi ble for all this. They deserve to be buried so deep, by the hand of outraged public opinion, that the trumpet of resurrection will never (a) waken them. The sturdy yeomanry of tho mountains ought to see to it that they aro beaten fifty thousand in November next. ' THE CLIMAX. To cap the climax, we reproduce the follow ing from The New York Herald, which shows that Mr. Best is behind in his payments as Receiver in New York City : WAKE UP MR. BEST I New York, August 20,1880. To the Editor of The Herald: Pardon me if I should wish to take up a few lines in your Herald Complaint Book. I am in a fix with the Mechanics and : Traders' Savings Institution, of which Mr. Best is Re ceiver, mit I have not received a penny sinco the 15th of March, 1878. I would only like to know if ever I will get any of my- hard earned pennies, which are still due me, or has that department gone to sleep forever ? Am I together with other losers, to whistle for tho balance of our money? Mr. Best's answer is usually, when J see him, "Can't tell; wait till the Court decides I " Is the Court dead too? Sufferer,