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HUCI IOT I KS. Presbyterian Church. M Hnilnw wrvlii' 1:.'R); L'uniiiy School V!M). hvrnhiK wrvliv 7 : KJ . lU:v.(ivo. F. HrsTiMJ, I'li-tor , M. 1C (JlllltCIl M OUNINO Write 10;:ii); Sunday School 12:UU. Kvfuiug orvico7:Ut) A. F. 11 ART, Taitor. EPISCOPAL CHURCH. SEHVK'KS nr hrl.l at tlio Episcopal churcb every Midday rvi-ulnir. ItEV. CI to. Vkidh, M inloiiry. ALMA LODGE, F. & A. M. RKOULA H Mo tinK(niiSuUirlav)ii 01 tiefoi f nu li full moon . M. I'OU-AkKV, W. M. VT. A. IU111 Vc'y. ALMA CIIArTEU, 0. E. S NO. 43. RKUlar ini'rtuitf 8 mi tlm Oral Fmlaj ul (.-in-It iiioni h MUX ANNA M I'.SSI NO Kit, W Vxiinri. M US. AL'HUUA AllAMS, .Scii'j. G. A. It. Win. Moyrr Post, N'. IV-MitpM of M!tli.,(. A. K., inert on -n.l. nnl 4tti. 'Ibursduy ul t ach tn-mlti. FllAM'IS I'l.AMEIt. Cuniil. E. F. MiiTi.li A.IJ" t. ROYAL AKCANUM. AH(I. (IM'Ni Kl.. N. im ts t i y ntht r Wtilm.Ml.iy infill at 1. (.(. I". Hall. li. A. W M.SiKl. 11. II. (illM.N, Sfi-'y. U' nt. KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS. FIT JAM KS I..HI!- No. '.-. K. of I'. Ilol.l it. regular inritinys ewty oiln r Vrlnr. duy tiiKht. l). J . 'i 1 1. w i.i. i.t John 1). Sim.nm:v. C. ( K . oi K. S. n r K k u s. WM. S. TURCK Sl CO., Ar.iMu i il ll-uiktrnr lli1n- Tnunnc-tfl liraU-i sin I on 'en and DonifHtlf F.n Iihii( n 'c I ;i I At I I'll I H HI ( I V til to Col k i t loll. M. .s .TIKI K. A. W. WRIIilir. U.S. WAIIH J. II. MCAVl.K. C.fc. W IIIMHI, ! 1 ,'t.iMilil, J. F. SUYDAm, M. D. (HVSIAIAN and Suijri on. Ollicc- in rcur ol AI ; I i I" .V Cn.'s 1 r i i Mom-. C. L. UOVVNIt. M. O. ! VM I. l'i ;u i In', Ottici ; trout rcom la Wiliii't Dnii: More, G- S. D. YERINCTON, PUAOTM'IN'O l'hysuiiin. (M!ir'liours;Wtn II I. in, J to 4 p in. Dilifi' in Webb's Drug t; i o. Iiotit rooms ttlairs. E. A. BAG LEY, M. D., HOMl'.i U'OTIIK,' riiyMoiim imd Surir'-nn. K idtnr- Staff Mint, (iltiic, foniii No. I. Wright's ( Ipfia IIoiim- hl.irk. .xtioii'l Roor. iiil.n Hours. 'J to 10 a. in. : - to .1 ami 7 to s p. mi. iV'lTOUN 1'iYS. FllANCIS PALMElt. A TrtHCNl'V AT fi AW. AU lbl Etate LIU ami Fin- Insurant; Atfi-nt. Aliwt, (iratiut Co Jict. J. L.CLARK aTTOHN'EV an(K'ounclor at Lnw All l-r XX I n-ii n-i by lltrr or itlieMi will ,c rro'iiptly nttnnlvd to. Office in Opera lloust" biock, upstairs JOIIN D. SPINNEY, TWHNKV AT I,W, s -llritur in Chano Xi. cry, an I Ki-hI Ksi:it Ak. tit. Ai.ma. tJiiAriui Co., Mien. J. H. NORTON, j ATTORN KV AT LAW and m.I.i itor i;i t Inn. 1'i.ry. All luint'! ent niii i to my uini! vil roeriVi' prompt attention. tMliee with .1.' L. Clark. WriKiit l lock, Aim. t. : MlSCKI-IiANKOUS, F. A. LEONARD Ts nicflv fixed uj in tlio LIVERY STABLE, fiirmHi-K' noftmii'il liv Mr. C:irti:ili:ui. (in . : . .' . . ". i... I rUjM'rpir-M,, wrsi . niiw jiimjmim-m in n i-u a i;it-ci.is ri:i:i). iioakd.s.mj: ;m.l LIVKHY STAliLK. Kis at if.i'n;tl!e ratt-s. (iive hiiu a call. Alma Furniture liooras. S. I1! Loveland, Dtaltr in- Fui nitmv, Sewini; niacliincs and Org.ins UMDERTASCIfyC A Specialty. A pod lit'arse in connection, (icnt-ral repairing and work put nj to crtler. Els Neil, Joe VanMalc, BLACKSMITHS. We are now prepared to do all Vinds of IJlacksrailbing, Kepairing and HORSE-SHOEING-. Wu guarantee our work and Defy Competition in workmanship and prices. We solicit your patronage. Neil & VanArsdale. iWShop west of Wright House Hani. ALMA INSURANCE AGENCY. HOMK New fork . L'NDKItWUlTBU-New Turk, . H AKTFOKD- FlltE ASSOCIATION-Phila. . AMKUICAN- . . AtiKICL'LTUKAL-Watrrtown, . MICH. FIHK Si MAKINK-Dctrnlt 0 KAN I) KAl'IDS-Grand ItapIJi NKW VOIIK LIFE . . . . n. r . Conn. 1'. N.'V Mltb tf . N. T. ACCIDENT INS. CO of North America. Justice of the Peace. AND CONVEYANCER. All legal papers drawn with neatness and dispute, h. Ileal Kstalc AcMiry. Willhaodle Heal Estate on rcas"ti.iti!e trims. Ofllceone door east of B. W. EHisou'a store. A.. Ycringtori. A Vis.it to Mammoth Gave. 1SV C. W. YKUIMNUTON. (Cunt i nut d frviu let wak.) My Imagination lias always pictured I he cave, as heinjr ahout half way up llic side of a mountain, and facing south, hut to my surprise, we followed the narrow footpath pointed out to us, down into a narrow valley. Here we found several old guides, or rather, men who had acted in that capacity, in for mer d.is. They had for s i!e, aipiantity of speci mens and ornaments, which they had hrouuht from the cae. We purchased a iiiiiu'cr of articles. and received a deal of inform. ition, in regard to the cae. We learned that the law is not so .strict as the ajjent had informed us. and that tourists are al lowed to cany away specimens from the ca e, provided they do not hreak them off troiM the wall, or ceilini;. At the same time, guides are all com manded to lorhid ii tors can in away the Mnallest specimen, hut are willing they should take them, without their knowledge. While in the cave, afterward. I re niemher often hearing the guides sini; out. "Ile-ah, drop dat, lil'ty ilollars line for carr iir anthinir ut of dis cave." He orilcred me to drop one, which 1 did. hut immediateh jiicked it up arain. for he had cone his duty, and I miiiht take all I could cany, which I did. W hile talking' ith the guides, ati old fellow came alony;.vith u haof inellons sluii' over a mule's hack, and Coart and 1 invented. After talking with him upon differ ent siihjtcts, he a-ked us to accompany him home. We informed him, cvcre to u'o into the cae at six, ami wouldn't return until ten p. m.. hut if he oiild he theie at that time, we would he ery lad to accompany him. Leaving the party of specimen vend ers, we followed a path that led in the direction of the cave. We soon came to a pit. down one Mile of which, a pair of cray stairs have heeu const ru-ted, hy placing hlocks of stone, in such a way. as to make a vei easy passage to the hottom. A -ool draft of air struck us. as we hean the descent. When at the hot tom. we found oiirsehes face to face with the irreat Mammoth. We went in. drawn on hy an indes crihahle poWi-r. whii h it seemed ilnp sihlc to resist, until we were in the hlackest darkness. Mill on we went, hut very slowly, for everv inch of the mound had to he fell over carefully, hei'me taking a step. I shouldn't hae heen surprised, at any moment, had I heard Cozari's wail of anguish, as he plunged headlong into a foaming rier. or dashed madly o i some mighty precijiice. 15ia e hearts it takes for deeds like those. On we crept, with ees dilated, until we came to a small irate, made of iron har. which seeini-d to ay. 'Thus far shalt thou iro. and no farther." We weie "strangers in a strange land." hut we helieved the laws of Ken tucky were jilst a deservilitfof re'ect as those of our own heloed Michigan, so we didn't p any farther the p;ate was locked. I I a i 1 1 r satil'ted our cui iosit . we re traced our slips, left the cave and went in ipiest of a shady dell, for, of a veiy truth, we were sorel) tiled. We found a very tempting letreat. and I sat down with a piod deal tf as surance. I could hardly suppress- a scream, for I had thrown mself upon a hod of chestnut hurs. the lirst I had'er seen, or I'd t rather, for they wen- covert d with a thin laer of leaes. There w as just one thin in the world, that could keep me from crying out. under such circumstances, and that was; I knew that Coart would soon re cline in the same way. which he soon did, Willi all the coiifalence of a ouny; man of 7 summers. A roar of pain followed from him, and a roar of laughter from me. We soon had a hed free from chest nut hurs. ami enjoNed a short nap he fore tea, for wonderful to tell, then arc no Jiies or mo-ijuitoes there. I woudeied much at this, until, while returning home, we stopped in I.ouis- i 1 1- over Sunday, and one could see at a glance, there wouldn't he nn s juitoi s enough to pi around. lpon explaining the fact to Coart. lie .snooted that they weie iohahl holding a convention in the city. It clear up a mjstery in my mind. wh they use so many mules in southern cities; ou can't kill a mule. Why, they say they are larp' enouirh in Louisville to draw sticet cars the mules I mean. The Mammoth Cave is said to hae heen discoered in hy a hunter, named Ilutchins, while puisu inir a W ounded heal . Th cave was thst owned, hy a Mr. McLean, who. for ?lu. houpM the cave, and -ixi adjoining' iu ies of land. This has prow n to alxut 'J.tHMiacies, aciiiied principally, for the sake of contiolliiitf all 'osslhle entrances to the cave. It has t hanp-d hands several times, atei is now a soiuce of peat wealth to the proprietors, who piard it as though it were a mine of gold. At one time, a company of N'epo miner weie reported as linding there, a large quantity vf iidlous eaith, 'uf- licient to supply the whole population of the plohe with saltpeter, and, dur ing the war of IsTJ. w Idle our govern ment was "excluded from foreign sources of supplies," w e had use for all that the mines could supply. The method of manufacturing the saltpeter, was .something as follows: The nitrous earth was collected from various parts of the cave, hy means of o carts, for which roads were con structed, the remains of which, are monuments of patience and industry." This soil was then carried to hoppers, having a capicity of from .'o to lno hhls. CoM water, carried through wooden pipes into the cae, was poured intotlie hopper, and in a day or so, a solution of the sails would run into the vats he helow , and was then pumped into a sec ond set of pipes, tilled mi as to let the liquor llow from the cave. After hoil ing a w hile in the iq en air, it was run through hoppeis, containing wood ashes, the result heiicr. a clear solution of the nitre of potash, which having heen hoiled down suiliciently, was put in troughs for cooling. In ahout -I hours, the crystals were taken out, ready for shipping. This was transported hy means of pack-mules, and ox carts, to the east, many a long mile, to he used in the manufacture of gunpowder. For the convenience of parties visit ing the cave, there are two routes es tablished, called, the short route and the long route, the juice of admission for which, is two and three dollars, re spectively, w'lich includes services of guide, torch, fireworks and luncheon. The torch is a simple affair, for hunt ing lardoil, and swings from four wires, which art? twisted into a handle, aUve the hlae. w it h a tin shield to protect the hand from hunting. They are eiy light and convenient, hut very diilicult to extinguish. Each one of the company is given a torch, as it is of great importance to se cure the he-4 looting, in many places. At ahout ; p. in., ajgoiig sounded, and the eager tourists fegan to assemhle. The ladies aie each provided with a loose lining llanuel garment, something alter the fashion of ahathing suit. It was rather amusing to watch the ladies, as they came from their rooms, and joined the company. To a hashful voung lady, attiredj in this costume for the liist time, to come forth, ami meet tie- gae of the whole company, is very trv ing. It heeomes iiece-sary for the ladies to wear these garments, for they not only save their ow n clothes, hut one can travel with much more convenience, over rocks, and through narrow passes, and when the crowd surges together at some point of inteiest. there is not so much danger of the material taking lire, from the exposed llamc of the torch. We form in single file, and as we pass along, each is given a torch. I)own the ravine we go, and soon come tothe pit, hesitate a moment, and then wind cautiouslv down the long staitw ay. The hand" was at the head of the plocession, ;md as we enteiedthe cave. I looked hack at the procession, several rods Ioiil'. as it came vv Hiding do w n in to the pit. and was verv foicihly re minded of a torchlkht procession, so I sangout, 'What's the matter with Ilar 1 isoii?" "lie's all riuht," came from all along the line. "What's the matter with (Mover Cleveland?" piped a southern female Voice. 'Tlies! llie-,"" was the response. This was followed with an ovcrature hy the hand, entit ed "John Urown's Dodv ." ALP A .... I t ilium IACULTi'. (.eo. F. Hunting. I. D , President and Pastor. .1. W. F.vving. A. M.. Professor of Mathematics and Physics, and Principal of Normal Depaitinent. Theodoie XeNou. LL. I)., Professor of English Language and Literature. Lew is Stuart. Ph. I) , Professor of Ancient Languages. Charles A. Davis, A. P., Professor Academic!) epart ment. M;irv C. (Iclston, A. M., Professor of Latin and Principal of the Ladies' Department. P. A. Welstead. Instructor in French and Cterrnan. Key. II. E. Puller, A. M., Professor of Mental and Moral Science. lh-v. Kendall Ilrooks. D. D.. Acting Professor of English. Matihhi II. Koss. Principal of Training School. Lelia A. Stevens, Instructor in Vocal and Instrumental Music. Kate L. P.ooth. Instiuctor in Drawing and Painting. Charles W. Verinirton, Principal of the Commercial Department. The Commercial Depaitinent also provides instruction in Short Hand, Tvpe-writing and Penmanship. Short Hand for one class, beginning w ith the year. free. Tuition in Collegiate and Academic Departments 40 cents a week, to he paid by the term in advance. Tuition in Commercial Department, vo cents a week. Incidental expences, a teim. Students in Chemistry will he charged a term for use of Laboratory. Tei ins for instruction in music and painting. oOc a lesson for private lessons. Instructions in vocal music and drawing in classes free. Fse of piano, a term. Students who do not room in the buildings w ill select places for room or board in the village, subject to the approval of the faculty. All students can find comfoi table board in the Ladies' Hall at .- per peek. This hull will be under the immediate can- of the Principal of the Ladies' Department. Voung men can find rooms in the village, either with or without Uiard, at alxnit the same late as above for similar accommodations. Total expenses for vear of :;" weeks, 51. ".o.l'O. The fall t( i in of this institution begins Sept. V2, iSs.s and closes Dec. 21. The winter term bepiisMan. s, psvi. ami closes March 20. The spring term begins April '.th, and closes .June l'.tth. Type-w riting at actual cost to institution. For fin tli r paitietilars. address, Pkof. J. W. Ewino, Secretary, or, ! (.1.0. J'. llr.MiM., D. D , Pit hident Alma College. 1 We were soon at the iron gate, and the light of our torches revealed no yawning chasm, or foarniiu' river, hut a tloor nearly as level as a hilliard ta ble. At the gate, we were met hy a strong gale of w ind, that extinguished somn of the lights, hut, as we advanced, and the cave widened, the current was not per cept ihle. This entrance is very small, and you may wonder how the miners were Jihle to get ox teams, with large carts through it. The guide advanced the saint? prol lem, hul explained that they took them apart. I'pon heing asked if it killed them, he said, "it was de carts they took apart." Now we are all in the cave, and the gate locked hehind us, and the question arises in timid minds, "do we want to go any farther or not?M Many turned hack at this point, as did the Irishman. l'at had come clear from the "ould" country, to see the rave, hut when lie found it was dark inside, he would go no farther. We feel very hraye, when reading or thinking of great deeds, done hy daring people, hut w hen our own safety is en dangered, we experience an entirely different sensation. One may sit for hours, ahsorhed in a thrilling account of a battle, until he is inspired with bravery, and secretly prays that he may vet experience such scenes, that lie may he where the shot flics thickest, and stand on pyramids of dead and dying. lie feels different, when inarching slowly toward tin? cannon's mouth. And this thought came to me, w hile in different parts of thr cave, as we weie winding through long, narrow passes, in a stooping posture, suppose one of those huge rocks suspended in such a threatening attitude, from the ceiling, should give away, ami block up the passage. It never has occurred to be sure, hut there must he a first time. It w;ts not a pleasant thought. Our guide, Jiishop, was a swarthy young halfhreed. grandson. I believe, of Stephen Bishop, one of the lirst guides, to conducted parties through the cave, and who, hy the way, made good his escape from slavery, by hiding in the cave. It was amusing, to see the tourists lish for note hook and pencil, as the guide began his description of the prom inent features of the cave. About twenty-five. I should say, began jotting down notes, but it proved a very diilicult piece of business. The light is directly under the book, the crowd surges to get near the guide, and in some places, it is extremely dangerous, w hile in others, impossible .to carry any thing besides the torch in the hand, and then, one becomes so interested in the scenery, and description, that the ten dency is to forget all about notes. On returning from the long route, just before we enter the corkscrew, the last diilicult passage, and the one which brings us back into the main cave, I think there was but one in the whole party, who was taking notes. As I said, it is a difficult piece of busi ness to write them, ami it is not less diilicult to read them after they are l itten. For instance, w hat would you do with such a composition its this: "K S I Vts "xloobly, miners 1M2. Logs bring watr uns . (rot bark. Oxtrks. .Joke." Which being inter preted reads: ( To he Vonfiniu.tl.) LLECS of Natural Science and Principal of RONK & BAUGHMAN. FALL AIli!OUIICEIVEPJT ! Having just returned are now opening the Largest! Brightest! Newest! Cleanest TU JLJL In four counties ! No old "chestnuts" in this stock. New Henrietta Cloths. New Broadcloths for tailor-made suics. Plain and Fancy Dress Flannels. I Beaver and Velvet Shawls. ' Fine Black Dress Goods, a specialty i Come in and look them over without feeling compelled to buy. RONK & BAUGHMAN. 2 doors w est of P. O SHOES, SHOES, SHOEfj, Fine Shoes,Every-day Shoe, Corn Shoes, Ladies' Shoes j Men'sShoeSjChildren'sShoes JUST RECEIVED ! Largest stock and lowest prices. We have had a large sale on Boots ad Shoes this summer, and if good goods and low prices will hold tb trade, we are lound to sell nne a well-selected line of ' ' CLOT IT I IS: G 2 - j In Men's, Hovs' and Youths, at Ho -k Hottom Prices. We have received our Fall Line of them. Hememher, we ar. closing oi, at LKSS THAN COST. : C i ROC K PCULLOU GH & ! JkX& Can't be politics so much excitemc people must Clearing-Out Said to commence are determined 1 lines of goods re Are you going to want a Refrigera 1 oline Stove S&sT- now: A Stoves at greater bargains ;.V We are going to make a ell the cash. Come early bargains, IXelso ALMA, SEPT. 1st, Issh. J. M MONTIGEL & CO., RP" I ri n pi rounaei-Sj AND BLACKSMITHS. MASCF.vcui:r.t:s ok hie c ki.i;i!i:atkd Sctoartz pal ALL KINDS OF Farm Impements, Buggies, Carriages, Steel Plowsand Fixture) Agents for the Oliver Chilled Plows. from New York, ye Stock of ALMA, MICH. LADIKS, U ha at E at a 1 uoc.r and sd lyiachinistsL I) M ST re' I I faOcld Cell!