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I?ishop Harris' Funeral. ' Th remains of Hishop Harris, which ar rival In Detroit on tho 1st inst., were kept at the Kpiseopul residence on Fort street until the morning of the 4th iiwt., when they were removed to St. Paul's ehureh where they were placed in state in the ves tibule, and viewed by hundreds of people in the few hour that intervened before tho funeral. The services did uot depart frgni the sim ple and Imposing office for the burial of the dead, consulting of the sentences, autheui, lesson from tho burial ofTiee, I Cor. xv., apostles' crcd, collects and lesser litany, I e Prof undis, chanted, all kneeling, hyum MJ, beucdictlon, rccva-donal hymn 101. The service was conducted by the bishops, as sisted by the four clerical members of tho standing committee The music was ren dered by the surpliced dioir. After tho service the procession retired in the same order in which it went in, the choir singing, the reeossiuual hymn. Maine a ('onirres:uan. A farmer-looking man was arrested in Jackson the other day, having on his person several letter blocks, which he mailed to postmasters throughout the state, usking for money contributions for the democratic party, the same as has been played in New York. The letters wore, all printed blocks, and lear the name ,f M inly Walker. Two letters, registered, are in the possession of Postmaster Bennett, containing money, on 1 it was the jtost master who tirst found out the fe low's scheme and had him watched. When he came for the letters he was nipped by the police. lie says he got the blanks from a congressman in Pennsyl vania and had 1(H) blanks printed in Jack son. Walker has been taken to Detroit, as it is a United States offense. WO LYKKI N K Wilis VK 11 1 Mi S. The special election held at (iraml Lodge on the question of appropri.it ing :t.oo to secure the Kin.lall furniture company, re sulted in an uflirmutivc vote. The building will be constructed at once. Lew Hunter, a young shingle weaver working near Lucas, was running along Hie moving Mat cars of a w- rk train to get into the caboose tho other evening, when ho fell I etweeii tho cars and was instantly kii'ed. He was single an 1 aged about Supervising Inspector (leneral Duniont is making his annua! in -poet i n on the lakes. The individual claiming to he a .lackson man, wiio lias written from Washington demanding from .tt. from democratic office holders in this state for election pur poses, is denounced as a swindler by Wash ingtori olhVials. Ilosvve'l Randall, a pio-iee-.- of South Cli max, Kalamazoo county, was killed a few Jays ago by boingthrown from his carriage. Sunset Cox is coming to Michigan about ttie l."lh inst to make campaign soeehes. Postm.t-ter-Cleueral Dickinson accompanies 2.ini. A Shelby man offers suitable land and to put in ll.t-oo to erect and run a basket fac tory. There is a demand for it. The Harbor Springs weoden toothpick factory makes 1,nm,ooo,onjo picks a year. The estate of Wm. Van Brut. t, who was killed while coupling cars in the C, .1. A: M. yards at Marshall, has sued the eoinpu ny for $ .'.". (". on the claim that the cur which caused the accident was defective. 3 Thejoint'T exploded iu the saw-mill at ilrant the other day, instantly killing Thomas James. Mrs. Chas. Krag'inberg of Saginaw missed her p; riionths old etiild. Albei t, atul after looking all over for him was horrified to see him wit li his lnv id pitched into a big kettle, partly tided with water, standing near the door, outside. She picked him i i only to find him dead. He fell into the kettle, was unable to help himself, and was d rowned. Luther .-traton rf Hedf-.rd, Calhoun county, has been arrested i v receiving i.le-al pet,, toll tees. L. L. Kin,' of Vaterf"il has lost eleven cattle by poison. The Seei.t e:ith Michigan infantry -the 'Stonewall regiment" ho. ds its reunion at Monroe. September. The work of raising the .'o.oo bonus for one of the proposed new railroads through Coldwater progresses slowly. The people had no much experience in the old Cold water, Mai. sMeM Sc Ohio railroad that they are not very enthusiastic. The ?M annual fair of the (Irutiot county agricultural society will be held at Ithaca, September ','', '7, 'j". At the annual mooting of the Am riean Pharmaceutical Ass. iution in Itroit, the following ofi; ers were elected for the en suing year : M.W.Alexander, Louisville, Ky., president; James Vernor, Detroit, first vice president ; F. Wilcox. Waterbury, Conn., second vice president; A. A. Yager, Knoxville. Tcnn., third vice president ; S. A. J). Sheppard. liosttn, treasurer; J. M. Maiseb, Philadelphia, secretary; ami Henry Corning, jtostou, C. L. Kuppler, New Orleans, ami linden Painter, Hiook lyn. to fill the vaeanoies in the council. Tho state pharmaceutical association, (it its annual meeting in Detroit, elected the ollowing oftioers for the ensuing year: President, Ceo. (Jundrumof Ionia; vice presidents. F. M. Alsdorf of Lansing: H. M. Dean of Niies: (). Lberbach of Ann Ar bor; treasurer, Win. Duint of Detroit; executive committee, A. H. Lyman, Manis tee; A. BasM-tt, Detroit; F. J. Wurzburg, (Jrand Kapids; W. A Hall, Urevuville; K. T. Webb. Jackson. ' Andrew Cumi'iings' lime kiln, and four ice houses of the Standard ice company in Bay City, were destroyed by tire the other day. at a loss of tio.ooo. John Mourer, who shot his brother's wife In Detroit sonie weeks ago, had been con victed, and sentenced to Jackson prison for life. Mrs. Alice B. Hardenburg has been fleet ed a member of the Tecuiuseh school board. Coldwater is bow lighted with electricity. The burnt district in Alpena has ben al most entirely rebuilt, . Berkev At Gay of Grand Hapidshave been awarded tlie contract for furnishing a PJ rooin hotel at Athen.s, (a. Dr. Hunter of Jackson has some cotton lants in blossom in his private garden. By the breaking of a dam, r.u)o fine fish seajed from Kelly Bros.' trout farm near 'air llains. Mrs Ollie Kelly of Kalamazoo was run pver by a freight train while crossing tho C I. St M. lailload bridge near Battle Creole the ther day. Both legs wen rut off, one above and the other be low the knee. The lower portion of the ndy Was also partiu.ly crushed. She lived nearly two hours and was conscious to the If: st. S. Foster A: Bros.' mill, salt Mock and rromino mills in Midland were buined the other day. The pail. and tub factory wus saveil. Mr. Foster estimate his losuhovc the insurance t n,,t fewer that r,od. It is a severe blow to tho brothers. Over 1,m students regist.-red at tin' opening of tho fall term of the normal school. The freight office of the I) L. A N. B. If. at Beliing wa brolion into the other tii'ht while the ugvat W is ut te i, and a'M.ut 1 11) taken. No clue tothe robtx-rs This is the second robbery of this station in two months, and the n th in six years. The board of control of the state indus trial home for girls at Adrian ha named the netv rettago roof ntly built in connection with that institution, "t he Palmer cottage,' Jn lienor of U. S. Senator Thomas W. Pal nier. Susie Thompson of Fast Saginaw, nged 10, was struck by a l.-omotlv while cross ing the railroad trucks the othor iwrulng, and fat airy hurt. Dumford V Alverson of Port Hurta wHl burld a 0,(40dry dock al Uat city. Tho report of the state Inspectors shows the salt inspection for August as follows: Saginaw county, lUV.fti barrtds; Manlsteo county, l(U,Usi; Bay county, v.Vt.VI; St. Clair wuuty, ai,:';; Iohco couuty, f4,4sl; Manon iwuoty, 42 l; Huron county, It, :t7'.i; Midland county, 4.0JU; total, 4.2..M1 barrels. A cmnparisou of tho insjsivtion for the year to September 1 allows us fol lows: lss4, 2,10.:uh) barrels; 1W, 5j,l7V,i:i2; lssc, U.riCs.ifcH); 117, J,m),H;7; 1, -',071,-set. Henry Souers of tho barge (1. IC. Jackson was urreittcd in Bay City u few days ago on a capias at the instance of Kdwin Morso of Marquette, who claims f.",oH) damages for an assuult and battery committed J one It, at the latter place. Morse has been in the hospital ever since, with a broken lej and other injuries Capt. Souers gave I,MU ball to appear at the December term of the circuit court. I). Hwyt of Schoolcraft paid tho other day for shooting a duck before September 1. The right of way for the new railroud be tween Battle Creek and Gohen, lnd., has all lieen secured but twenty miles. J. Wilson Turner the colored ex-minister to Liberia, is anxious to meet I). Augustus Staker of Detroit in the jolitical arena. The tenth annual fair of the Western Michigan agricultural and industrial society occurs at Grand Kapids during the week ojH-ning Sept. 17. The examination of Capt. Durant of the schooner Fumia, on a charge of opium smuirirlingh.is leen ad.ourned at Port Huron until the lsth inst. Over '200 pounds of quartz studded with gold, worth M,um or $.",,( ni were taken trom the Michigan mine theotherdav. The mine will be worked bv a large, force re gardless of the law suit for its possession. The Lake Superior Iron eo;ns.ny's shaft has struck gold ugain at a depth of o0 f,., t, and spec. men ot i ich rock lias be oi nent to Chicago with a custodian for exhibition to the douRtful. The Tamarack - Osi cola copper manu facturing company will build at once an eiirht furn ice smelting plant at Dollar bay, whe.e the product of the Tamarack iV. tsceola and Kearsage mines, amounting; to l.ooo tons per montn, wid le sm lted. The time to reileem state and county taxes d ls.- exp n s Sep . :. Those who have b'-rii delinquent and d not. settle with ? Ic county tie i.siirer before t hat date, will have to settle with the tax title men. The .. ilr of is, , titles occurs on tho lirst Tuesiiay in October. President Cleveland has issue! an order waiving a l techuii alit ies with reference to ail ert is'.n.' for eont nu ts, e-te., and di retting that every erfort be ni;id' to rais.' tl:e bliM-kaile at tin- St. Clair flats canal. A horrible calamity o -curre 1 at a farm house about 20 miles Iro n Crystal Falls on the sth jn-t. Louis Brown's house took tire. Before his wife could get out she was so terribly burned that she cannot live. Brown got out safely, but rushed back niraiu to get his money, was overcome by the smoke and burned so that no tract; of the m dy can be found. Six children es caped unhurt. Loss. $.l.(X0; no insurance. Tne tire was caused by a lamp explodiug in a bed ro m. A dispatch frm Montreal, Quebec, of the sth just., says: It now turns out that Waldron. the absconding banker of Hills da. e, Mich . has sailed lor Filmland by the steamship Parisian. A private creditor who hud a claim of ?",oo had him arrested, but allowed him to depart atter he had set tled the claim. Detectives, however, Were unable to locate him. A woman supposed to be Mrs. Bidwell, aecompauie 1 him. He is supposed to have taken tfio.ooo with him. The Special election on the 7th inst., to bond the city of Jacks, .n for the purchase of the Geo. d Smit'i puriiier plant by the city resulted in a majority of l.'sj in favor ofthepurcha.se. A lLr!it Vote was polled. This year's yield of peaches will be the largest ever known in Michigan. F. Germain ,v Co. of Fast Saurinaw have broken ground at their extensive factory premises for a six story brick warehouse, i.-'X.'lo feet area. This concern is now giv iiur employ meut to .'it men, and the force is to be steadily increased. It is one of the laivct planing mills and factories in the United States. Gen. If. A. A'jrT will deliver the eulogy on the late Gen. Sherid in at th" annual meeting of the Grand Army of the Cum berland at Chicago September 1'.'. Lev. 1. F. Manning, pastor of the North Baptist church. Detr.it, has received a call from the Fiii.'lish speaking Baptist church at Kaiigoou. Burmah. He has the matter uinler coiisider.it ion. Cnsnovia will 1 nve a r Iler process mill in o)erut:on in a few wee s. A live rattlesnake five ! ot long and two inches thick has been presented to the uui vcrsit v museum. A lire alarm telegraph system is being put in in Saginaw. The St. Joseph knitting factory has shut down for an indefinite period. The weather rop bulletin of the Michi gan weather service for September s savs: The weather conditions of the iast week have teen injurious to corn. jMitatoes and buckwheat. The corn is ripening prematurelv and wtatoes have not had sufficient rainfall to bring them to fullness uud buckwheat Was badly touched by frost on the 5th inst. Corn was badly frosted on the y lands by this frost, but the crop ou high dry lands has not been damaged to any extent as yet. Corn cut ting is in progress in the central und south ern sections of the state, but rather to keep tho crop from drying up than bvauso it is fully matured. The crop will be nearly a fair average, although iu soino cuses the kernel will be shrunken. The crop will be secure from the effect of frost by the l.'th, ami for causes noted above wili be nearly all cut. Plowing is progressing slowly, and wheat seeding is begun iu some por tions of the central s-tinn. Potatoes have been most effected Hy the continued drought which is seriously felt in the southwestern part of the southern section. Lewis Whitaker was struck by nn east bouud freight ner Bancroft the other afternoon and was eriualv injured. His skull was fractured and his left arm was amputated at the shoulder. A sanitary convention is to le held in Hastings December .'J and 4. Clarence Sh'pard, of Banror, raised a sunrwcr this season measuring 'jn inch across the blossom head, and with leaves 22 inches long. Jerry Boynton's Central Michigan rail road company, which has a hand in tho pro.ect for building a railroad cater corner ed across this state, has been mortgaged to the Central Trust company of New York for 7,0io,0)ii. Kt. liev. Bishop elect Foley will be in stilled as bishop of Detroit, Novemler 2. The consecratiou service occur in Balti more NovemNT 1, the fifty-fifth anniver sary of his birth. Hey. W. Hanson of Traverse City, has Iks'D expelled from themin'stry and church members. ip bv the Method st conference in session at St. Joseph, fi.r immorality, lying and disn.jedieiice to the order and rules of the church. Gov. L ice has issued a requisition for Allen C. Little, who is serving n term in the In liana st.de prison, but is wanted In this state for the murder of Patrollman George C. Kimball, committed in Detroit iu October, Issd. Blaine b.'gins his tour of Michigan Oct. i, whn he speaks in Detroit. Gen. Adam F. King of Maryland, who is now on the stump iu M dne, will nceouipauy Mr. Blaine on his tour through Michigan ad dresaiDgtbe meetings. Gen. Alger, Walker Blaine and Robert Fra.er will alo be in thejvarty. Mr. Blaine gos to .New Yoro Sept 5?.', as now planned, makiug several sjh wches there before going. vcL Gen. Joan (J. Bajkhurst, of CVd water, is spoken sf as a candidatofir American tsisistr tw Uaigiuia. A PANIC-STRICKEN CITY. Jacksonville, FlaM Kxrltcd Uvor (ho Kpread of the Fever. Tho yellow fever Is on the increase in Jacksonville, and new oases are springing up hourly. The mortality is not cou fined to tho aged, weak and sickly, but strong men aro being stricken down. The plague is lucruaslug lu malignity, uud is no longer of a mild typo. Tho poopUt have given up pretty much all hojm of securing aid from tho government to get away and many will take the clkaiiees ut Cump Perry, which is said to be greatly improved. Cump Mitchell will mxm bo ready, and these w ill iu all probability accommodate '2,000 persons. Knergctic efforts are beiig made to send off all per nous, uud as nearly all the whites have changed their minds m regard to going since the big lists came out, it is very prob able that the authorities will bo able to send off 2,000 as soon us accommodations are ready. As tho fever waits for no one, the work is being rushed rapidly ahead. Belief Is coming in from all sections of the country, and skilled nurses and physi cians arc doing all iu their power to stay progress of the disease uud relieve the suf ferings of tho victims. The Celestials are Coming During the week ending Sept. 1st fet Chinamen arrived at Vancouver, British 1 Columbia, from Chiua. As it is well known that thousauds of those ulready in the i country are unable to lind employment it is j estimated their ultimate destination is the I United States. An officer of tho Dominion ; government, who h.;s just returned from j British Columbia, states that there is a steady stre im of Chinaman pussing out of ' that province into Washington Territory, I where they easily smmrle themselves in . iu defiance of the United States custom ortlcials. lu this way during the present ' year it is estimated the Chinese population , (f British Columbia has already been do ' pletcd to the extent of .".ooo. The minister of customs, who is now on the Pacific coast investigating the Chinese quest ion, has promised to look into the matter for the United States authorities. ! Hay State Democrat. Massachusetts democrats in state conven tion nominated the following state ticket: For governor, Hon. Wihiam L. Kussell; 1 lieutenant governor, John W. Corcoran; 'secretary of state. William N. Osgood; treasurer and rec iver general. Henry C. Thatcher; attorney-general. Samuel O. Lunib; auditor, William A. Williams. For presidential electors tin' convention select ed John Boyle O'Koilly of Bosti n and Geo. M. Stearns of Chieopeo. ! The platform adopted indorses the demo cratic national platform, and ratifies tho i nomination (,f Cleveland and Thurman. Cleveland's free trade message is heartily indorsed. Approval is given the Mills bill and tho free wool clause especially com meuded. The President's stand on the fisheries question is indorsed. The Secret Discovered. The war depurtment is greatly exorcised over the announcement that a ri presenta j tive of Great Britain has discovered the se , cret of our torpedo system, upon which the government has relied us a means to defend our seacoast. The officer uliuded to, it is ' said, has been hobnobbing with our uaval ; officers, but failed to learn anything until ! recently, when he discovered tliat the vari J ous torpedoo have been patented by their i inventors. After some difficulty lie sue 1 1 -ceded in obtaining drawings of nil torpe does und the appliances for their use from the intent office, and sent them, w.th all ; the other information he had ne. paired, to the war oftlce at Londn. It is feared that the olhcer, who is thoroughly posted on tor , pedoes, knows all the secrets ot the Ameri ' can system. Catholic Denevolent I'nion. The Catholic benevolent union at Colum i bus, ()., postponed action on the ehange of name for ( lie year : indorsed thee ction of , Swinton's history from the Boston schools I and elected the following officers: Presi dent, M. Glenniug. Norfolk. Va ; tirst vice president, P. F. Walsh. 1r , Columbus. (). ; second vice president, Wm. Walsh. Chat- taiioogu. Tenn.; treasurer, James Henry, St. Louis; secretary, M. .F. T. Griffith, Philadelphia; exeeutive committee. J. Te- j ban, Canada; Owen Kelly. Philadelphia ; A. M. Griffin. Richmond. Va. The next ; convention will be held at Kingston, Can- i ada. (lathered to His Father?. George L. Perkin. for oO Col. y ears treasurer of the Norwich .c Worcester rail road, died of old age at the Fort Griswold house in Grotton, Conn., on the t'.th inst. He had U-en failing for a w ek. but was conscious until within an hour of his death. Col. Perkins has voted for every President since Madisou ; wits paymaster in the war of 1M2, und organized the tirst Sunday school iu Norwich. Conn. He w as aged loo years und one month, and ll.i d the office of treasurer until his death. Twelve Million School Children. N. H. R. Dawson, commissioner of edu cation, in his annual r port, says that 12. UM.0t0 of children attended the public schools some purt of the last fiscal year, und of these nearly vmo.oou were in aver age daily attendance. Iu both respects the southern states, once so back waul, have made greater progress than tther parts of the country. DRTIlOir Wht at. Whits Ml KICK I 04 4 '0 15 M V) W UO 00 GJ a) &j 50 75 75 25 21 9 fit '4 ( oe 1 1 (ic 2 (4 (13 (a 5 (j 4 3 5 Ut 4 (tt 2 M 3 (" 1 fi (4i; 47 2i 20 01 70 50 2-J 7J M 6J 0 00 50 30 1 lu Id ti 0J 00 Oi 10 rci oo to oo 10 li fx I 50 7- io2 P. - Had Corn, perbu Oats, - " It A RLE T, Malt TlMOTIIT HEKn Clover 8wt. psr bag.... "ER( Klovr Michigan patent.. Bllchigaa roller... Mlnassott DkUnt MlnnssoU Laksrs'. Itys per bu. AlTUl, per bbl.... tliANS. picked " uapioks4 ItcrswAX bCTTBR Cheese, per lb Prifd Applbs, pr lb Koos. per dos HoNET.per lb Hops per Ui Hat, psr too, eloTsr 8 - - timothy 10 Malt, per bu Onions, per bbl 3 1'otatoes, perbu 1'kah.s, jr i4 3 1'kai iies, per lu 1 I'i.i m, f-er bu 2 1'oct.TRT Chickens, live.... tteese Turkeys Ducks pr lb Protisions Mesal'ork. ...1.1 ramUy 17 KxtrA mess beuf 7 Lard Hanvs hhoulders .... bacon Tsllow, per lb.. Uides Oreen City par lb .. Cured Hsltel Sheep tklnv woil.. t4 (4 (A (dQ (all ( 1 Ut 3 04 uc 5 1 Cf 3 C4 (4 Ut Ul uiir, i7 (" 7 f9 US A 25 5) 7 11 S la 3 i 4 50 jj UTI STOCK. Cattle Market row, ,o to 15e lower; tt-er H 3k(iiJ." til; tocker and feeders, fi iik't) t); rows, bulU and mixed, 40 ucl W; Texsns and Indians, II '.o-j 50; Vetrn raug. r-, f.t 5a4 7.. lloos Market slow but steadv ; nilxxd, 13 Uoi 4o; heavy, I (tfd.OU; light, i suii to 5; slips, It- 70. biiEEP .ceiptA, yOJ; l.ipmnt. 2,500; market active, UK-lower; natives, 12 t't.V 4 5f"; Western, shorn, fJ :) t'xi; Tvxans, shorn, $i lA 36: lambs, li &W5. Ihe DroTwe' Journals apecial cable Vram Irons London ouotes American cat tle In I supply. J he arasud is weak. 1'rUet are barely ateadr. t eat steers, yT poand, sstUuated dead weight. CLE VELA N1VS LETTER Accepting tha Presidental Nomination. Hit Position Clearly Defined. Muttere of Importance Tout had t'puu. The following is President ClevelaaJ's letter of acceptance : Wamiixoton, Sept. 8, lb88. lion. Patrick A. Collins and others, com mittee, etc. : (Jentlemeu In uddreMsiiiiP to I you buy formal w-cptance of Uio noudna- ; lion Ui tne I "residency of the united States, my thought ieritently dwell uon tho Impressive relation of such action to the American ps:ple, whose coutidence is thua Invited, and to the political party to which 1 belong, luat entering ujKn u contest for continued supremacy. The world does not afford a spectacle more sublime than is furnished when mil lions of free and intelligent American citi zens select their chief magistrate, und bid one of their nuniU-r to niul tho highest earthly honor and the full measure of pub lic duty iu ready submission to their will. It follows that u candidate for this high oftlce t un never forget that when the tur moil ami the strifo which attend the selec tion of its incumbent sturil shall be heard iio more, there must be in the iiuiet calm which follows a complete und solemn self consecrution b.v the M-ople's chosen Presi dent of cverv faculty und euduavor to the I service of a confiding und generous Nation j of freemen. These thoughts are intensified by the light of my exerienoo in the Presidental ' olV.ce, which lias sderly impressed me with the severe rosxinsibilitios which it j imposes, while it has tui kened my love for Amerlean institutiuns and taught ino tho priceless value of the trust of my c unt rymen. It is of tho highest importance that thoe who ailinlnister our government should jealously protect and maintain the rights of Ain-'rican citizens at home and abroad, and should strive to achieve for nir -count ry her proer place among the nations of the earth; hut there is no j tjd whose home interest are so grout, and whose numerous objects of domestic concern deserve so much watchfulness and care. Among these are the regulations of a sound tiuaneial system suited to our needs, t bus securing an e;tiei nt agency of national wealth and general prosperity: the con struction and equipment of means of de fense, to insure our National safety and maintain tie honor beneath which such National sab ty reposes: the protection of our national c.nnain, stid stretching be yond the needs of a century's expansion, und its preservation for the settler and the pioneer of our marvelous growth ; a sensi ble and sincere recocnit ion of tin1 value of American lalstr. leading to the scrupulous care and just appreciation of the interests (d our workingmeu; the limitation und checking of such monopolistic tenden cies and schemes us interfere with the advantages and henetits which the people may rightfully claim ; a generous re. gard und care for our surviving soldiers and sailors und for the widows and orphans of such as have died, to the end that while the appreciation of their services and sacri fices is qui kened the application of their pension funds to imprinter caes may be prevented; protection against a servile immigration, which injuriously competes with our laboring men in the licld of toil, and adds to our population an element ignorant ot our institutions and laws, im possible of assimilation with our people uud dangerous to our peace and welfare; a strict and steadfast adherence to tho prin ciples of civil service reform and a thorough execution of the laws passed lor their en forcement, thus permitting to our people the advantages of business methods in the operation of their government : the guaran ty t'i our colored citizens of all their rights of citizenship, and their just recognition und encouragement iu all things pertaining to that relation; alirm, patient und hu mane Indian po.iey, so that in peaceful re lations with the government the civiliza tion of the Indian may le promoted, with resulting quiet arid s.tf ty t the settlers on o;;r frontiers; and the curtailment of pub lic expense by the introduction of econom ical methods in every department of the government. The pledges contained in the platform adopted by the hit-convolution of the uat ional democracy lead to tho advancement of these oh.ects and insure go. d govern liuMit - the aspiration of every true Ameri can citizen arid the motive for every patri otic action and effort, lu the conscious ness that much has been done in the direc tion of gis d government by the present a 1 ministration, anl submitting its record to the fair inspect ion of my count ry men, I en dorse the platform thus presented, with the determination that, if 1 i.m again call ed to the chief magistracy, there shall be a e ntinuanceof devoted endeav. r to advance the interests of the entile country. Our scale of federal taxation and its con sequences largely engross at this time the attention of our citizens, and tin- people are soberly considering the necessity of meas ures of relief. Our government is the cre ation of the jM-ople, established to carry out their designs and accomplish their good. It was founded n justice, and was made for a free, intelligent und virtuous people. It is a free government because it guarantees to every American citizen the unrestricted personal use and enjoyment of all the reward of his toil and of all his in come, except what may b his fair contri bution to necessury public expense. There fore it is not only right, but the duty of a free people, in the enforcement of this guar anty, to insist that such exjK Use should bo strictly limited to the actual public needs. It teems perfectly clear that when the gov ernment, this instrumentality created and maintained by the people to do their bid ding, turns upon them, and through an otter perversion of its powers extorts from their labor ami capital tribute largely in excess of public necessities the creature has rebelled against the creator and tho masters arc robbed by their servants. The cost of the government must con tinue to be met by tariff duties collected at our custom houses ut,on imported gooda, and by internal revenue taxes ujsm spiritu ous ami is alt liquors, tobacco und oleomar garine. I suppose it Is needle to explain that all these duties and assessments are added to the price of the articles upon which they are levied, and thus become a tax upon all those who buy these articles for use ami consumption. I sujqse, too, it is well understood that ti e effect of this tariff taxation is uot limited to the consum ers of imorted articles, but that the duties imposed upon such articles jiermit a cor rescinding increase in price to ty laid upon domestic productions of the same kind; which increase, paid by all our eople as consumers of home productions and enter ing every American liome, constitutes a form of tax at iou ascertain und ns inevit able as though the amount was annually paid into the hand of the tax gatherer. These results are inseparable from tho plan we have adopted for the collection of our revenue by tan IT duties. They are not mentioned to discredit the sy stem, but by wav of preface to the sta'emont that every mllliou of dollars collected at our custom houses for duties ujon imjorted articles iuuI jmid into the public treasury represent many millions more which, thongh never reaching the national treasury, are paid by our citizens as the increased cost of domes tic productions resulting from our tariff laws. In these oirum stances, nnd in view of this necessary effect of the operation of our plan for raising revenue, the absolute duty of limiting the rate of tariff charges to the necessities of a frugal and economi cal administration of the government, seems to le jH'rfwtly plain. Tho continu ance, ujsn a pretext of meeting public ex penditures of such a scale of tariff taxation us draws from tho substance of the is-ople a sum largely iu excess of public ueeds, is surely something which under a govern ment based on justice, and which timLs its strength and uscfullnrs in tlie faith an 1 trust of the people, ought iut tobetoler atod. While the heaviest burdens Incident to tho necessities of the gov erniaent are uncouiplalolugly burne, light burdens become grerhw and lutder able when uot justified by aucb ueoensities' Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxatiou A nd yet this U our conditlou. We aro au uuall.v collecting at our custom houses ami by means of our internal reveuue taxation many millions in excess of all logitlmato public utMvls. Asa consoquenco there now remain in the national treasury a surplus of more Uan olo hundred and thirty mil lions of dollurs. No better widenoe could be furnished tlwat the poopU) or extortionate!.? taxed. The extent of the aujurttuous burden indi cated by this surplus will be better appre ciated when it is suggested that such sur plus alone represent taxation aggregating more than one huudred and olghl thousand dollars lu a couuty containing 50.U00 inhabi tants. Taxation has always been tho feature of organizes! government; tho hardest to rec oncile with the people's ideas of freedom and happiness. When presented iu a direct form nothing will arouse popular discoutent more quickly and profoundly than unjust and unnecessary tnxu'iou. Our farmers, mechanics, laborers and all our citizens closely scan the slightest increase in the taxes assessed ujku their lands uud other iroiorty, uud demand good reason for such increase. And yet they seem to bo exact ed in some quarters t regard the unneces sary volume of inslduous uud iiilirwt tax utioii visited iinhi them by our present rate of tariff duties with indifference if not with favor. The surplus revenue now remain ing iu the treasury not only furnishes con clusive proof of unjust taxation, but Its ex istence constitutes a separate and indoon deut menace to the prosperity of the people. This vast accumulation of id;e funds repre sents that much money drawn from the circulating medium of the country which is needed in the channels of trade und busi ness. It is a great mistake to suppose that the consequences which follow the continual withdrawal and hoarding by the govern ment of the currency of the people are not of immediate importance tothe mass of our citiens, and only concerns those enguged iu large liualiciai transactions, in the rest less enterprise und activity which free and ready money among the people produces is found that opportunity for labor and em ployment an i that impetus to busings and pnductiou which bring in their trnin pros perity to our citizens in every s'ution and vocation. New veutures, new investments in business and manufacture, tho construc tion of new and important wi rks, und the enlargement of enterprises already estab lished, depend largely upon obtaining mon ey upui easy terms with lair security; and all these things are stimulated by an abun dant Volume of circulating medium. Kven the harvested grain of the tanner remains without a market unless money is forth coming for its movement and transporta tion to the seaboard. The tirst results of a scarcity of money among the jx-ople is the exaction of severe terms for its use. In creasing distrust and timidity is followed by a refusal to loan or advance on any terms. Investors refuse all risks and decline all securities, an.ii'i ageneral fright fie money still iu the hands of the p-jople is persist ently hoarded. It is quite apparent that when this per fectly natural, if not inevitable, stage is reached, depression iu all business and en terprise will, as a necessary consequence, less.-n the opportunity for work and employment and reduce salaiics and the wages of labor. Instead, then, of beingexempt from'the in tluence and effect of an immense surplus ly ing idle in the national treasury, our wage earners and others who rely upon their la bor for support are most of all directly con cerned in the situation. Others seeing the approach of danger may provide against if, but it will lind those depending upon their daily toil for bread unprepared, helpless and defenceless. Such a state of affairs dues not present a ease of idleness resulting Iroin disputes between the laboring man and his employer, but it produces au ubs.. lute and enforced sto'pnage wf employment and Wages. In reviewing t!i bad e:T mutated surplus and sea! by which it is produced, w look the tendency toward ; ts of this accu of tariff rates must not over oss and scan-la- lous public extrava. treasury induces, u nice which a congested r the f;ict that we are maintaining, without excu-e. in a time of profound peace, substantially the rate of tariff duties imposed in time of war, when the necessities of the government justified the imposition of the weightiest but dons Upon the people. Uivers plans have be.-n suggest 'd for th return of this accumulated surplus tothe people and the channels of trade. Some of these devices are at variance with all rules of good finance; sjme are delusive, some are absurd and some betray b.v their reck less extravagance the demoralizing inllu ence of a great surplus of public money upon thejudgment of individuals. While such efforts should be made ns are consistent with public duty aid sanctioned by severe judgment to avoid danger by the useful disposition of the surplus now remain ing in the trca-sury, it is evident that if its distribution were aecoi .plished another ac cumulation would soon take Its place if the constant flow of redundant income was not cheeked at it source by a reform in our pr cut tariff laws. We do uot propose to deal with these con ditions by merely attempting to satisfy the people of the truth of abstract theories nor by uloiie urging their usseut to politicul doctrine. We present to them the pruos itious that they are unjustly treated in the extent of present federal taxation, that as a result a coudition of extreme dauger ex ists, and that it is for them to demand a remedy and that defense and safety prwni ised iu the guarantees of their f-ee govern ment. We believe that the same means which are adopted to relieve the treasury of its present surplus aud prevent Us recurrence should cheapen to our people the cost of supplying their dally wants. Both of thes. objects we seek in part to galu by reducing the preseut tariff rates upn the neces saries of life. We fully appreciate the Importance ts the country of ur domestic industrial en terprises, In tha rectification of wrongs their maintenance and prosperity should be carefully und in a friendly spirit consider ed. Kvea such rcliuuee ujsm present revenue arrangements as have be!i invit ed or encouraged should be. fairly and Just ly regarded. Abrupt aud radical changes which might endanger such enterprises and injuriously ufTct the interest of labor dependent ujon their suooess and contin uance lire uot contemplated or intended. Hut we know the cost of our domestic tnanufs:ured products is increastsl und their prhe to the consumer enhancod by the duty lniss.d ujxm the raw material ussl In their manufacture. We know that this increased cost prevents the sale of our productions at foreign markets in competition with those countries which have the advantages of frio raw material. Wo know that eontined to a home market our manufacturing operations are curtail ed, thir demand for labor irregular aud the rate of wages paid uncertain. We prosse,tl r efote, to stimulte our do mestic industrial enterprises b.v freeing from duty the imported raw materials which by the employment of lalxr are us4t in our Inme manufactures, thus rx temung the m irkets fvir their sale and or mining an increased und steady production with the allowance of abundant pr. fits. True to the uroley lating course of the democrat party we will not neglect the in terests of labor and our workingmon. In all effort to remedy existing evils we will furnish n excuse for the hs of employ ment or the rcduct'on of the wage of honest tod. On the contrary we propose In any adjustment of our revenue law to concede such encouri'g -tnei.t an 1 advantage to the employers of domestic lals.r as will easily comp-nsito for any ni'Terenc th t ta ly exist tctween the standard of w; w wh'eh should bo paid to our lilxinni men miJ the rate n lowed in other counti ies. We pro poe. too, by extending tho markets f r our manufacturers to p -otnote the steady em ployment of rutor, while bv chcnicuiLg the coat of the necessaries of Ufo we increase the purchasing power of the" workingmatT wages and add to the comfort of his home. And tWore passing from this phase of this yuestlon I am constrained to express the opinion that while the lutereata of labor should Ins always M-dulousiy regarded in any modi flea) hm of our tariff laws, an ad ditional and more direct aud efficient pro tection to these interests would bo afforded by tho restriction aud prohibition of tho immigration or imjortatlon of laborers from other countries who swarm upon our shores, having no purpose or intent of bo coming our fellow citizens, or acquiring any permanent interest in our country, but who crowd every field of employment with unintelligent labor at wages which ought uot to satiafy those who muka claim to American citizenship. The platform adopted by the late national couveution of our party contains tho fol lowing declaration: Judging by democrat principles tho in terests of the wviplo are b-truysi when by unnecessary taxation trusts ami combina tions are permitted and fostered which, while unduly enriching the few that com bine, rob the body of our citizens by depriv ing them as purchasers of the benefits of natural competition. Such combinations have always ben con demned by the democrat party. The dec laration of ks National convention is sin cerely made, and no member of our party will be found excusing tho existence or bo littlitg the pernicious results of these de vices to wrong the people. Under various names they have been punished by theeom mon hiw for hundreds of y ears; and they have lost none of their hateful features be cause they haveussumed tho nameof trusts instead of conspiracies. We believe tha these trusts are the natural offspring of a market artitieailly restri. tei ; that an in ordinatoly high tariff bes.de furnishing th temptation for their ex stenee enlarges the limit within which they may oorut9 against the people, and thus increases the exteut of th"ir power for wrong doing. With an unalterable hatred for a l such schemes we count the checking of their baleful ojM'rations among the good results promised by revenue reform. While we cannot avoid partisan misrep resentation our i-osition upon the question of revenue reform should lo so plainly stated as to admit of no misunderstanding. We have entered upon no crusade of free trade. Th" reform we seek to inaugurate is pr dieted upon the utix.ost care for es tablished industries und enterprises, a jealous regard for the interests of American labor, and a sincere desire to relieve the country from th" injustice und danger of a condition which thr utens evil to all th people of the land. Wo are dealing with no imaginary dan ger. Its existence has been rejieutedly confessM y all dit:cal parties, uud pledges of a remedy have Ix-en made on all sides. Yet when in. the legislative body, wher under the constitution all remedial meas ures applicable to tho subject, must origi nate, the democrat majority were at tempt'ug with extreme moderation to re deem the pledge common to both parties, they were met by dctermimd opposition and obstruction; and the minority refusing to eo operate in the house of representa tives, or propose another remedy, have re mitted the redemption ot their party pledge to the doubtful power of the senate. Th.J people will hardly be deceived by their abandonment of the ll-ld of legislative ac tion to meet in political convention and flippantly dv!aro in tln ir party platform that our conservative and careful effort to relievo tho situation is destructive to tho American system of protection. Nor will the people be misled by the appeal to prejudice- contained in the absurd allegation that we serve the interests of Kurope, while they will support the inn rests f America. They prop; in their platform to thus support the interests of our country b.v re moving the inter! al revenue tax from to bacco and from spirits used in the arts and for inechauh al purposes. They declare, also, that there should he such a revision of our tariff laws as shall tend t j check the import a' ion of sin-h art icles as are produced hoie. Thus, iu propos'ng to increase the dut ies upon such art ides to nearly or quite a prohibitory point. 1 hey confess themselves i ling to travel backward in the road of eivilizat ion and to deprive our ; eople of the markets lor their goods which can only be gained and kept by the setnbl nice, at least, of an interchange of business, while they abandon our consumers to the unrestrained oppression of the domestic ti ust.s and com binations which are in the same platform perfunctorily condemned. They propose further to release entirely from imMirt duties uii articles of foreign production (except luxuries) the like of which cannot Im- produced in this country. The plain people of the laud and the poor, who scarcely use articles of any descrip tion produces! exe;us:vely abroad and not already free, will rind it difficult to dis cover where their interests are regarded In this projosition. They neod in their home cheujH-r tli ruesti.- necessaries; and this seems to bo entirely unprovided for in this profosed scheme to serve the country. Small comjH'iisat ion for this neglected ns-d is found in the further purtoso here announced and covered by the declaration that if after the changes already mention ed there still remains a larger revenue th.Ji is requisite for the wants of the government the entire iuternal taxation slmuhl be repealed, "rather than surrender any part of our protective system." Our eople ask relief from the undue and unnecessary burden of tariff taxation now resting uion them. They are offered free tobacco and free whisky. They ask for bread and they are given a stone. The implication contained is this party devluratiou that dcs.Tate measures are Justified or necessary to save from destruc tion or surreuder what is termed our tro-ts-tive system should confuse no one. The existence of such a system is entirely con sistent with the regulation of the extent to which it should be applied and the correct tion of its abuse. Of course in a country as great as ours, with snch a wcmderfnl varioty of interests, often leading in entirely different direc tions, it is difficult, if not impossible, to settle upon a perfect tariff plan, liut in accomplishing the reform we have entered upon, the necessity of which is so oblivi ous. I believe we should uot bj content with a reduction of revenue iuvolvlng the prohibition of imjortatiens and the remov al of Uie internal tax upon whisky. It can bo better and more safely done within the lines of granting actual relief to the people in their means of living, and at the some time giving an impetus to our domestic, enterprises and furthering our national welfare. Jf misrepresentations of our purjHses and motives are to gain credence and defeat our present effort in this direction there seems to be no reason why every endeavor in the future to accomplish revenne reform should not be likewise attacked and with like results. And yet no thoughtful man can full to see in tho continuance of the present burdens of the people, and the abstraction by the government of the cur rency of the country, inevitable distress and disaster. All the danger will Isi averted by timely action. The difficulty of applying the remedy will never bo less and the blame should not bo laid at the door of the democrat party if it is applied tt late. With firm faith in the intelligence and patriot ;sm of our count ry men, and rely ing upon the conviction that mi- reprosentloii will i. of intlefnc" then, prcdjudic-H will not cloud their understanding und that the menace will n. t intimidate them, let us Urge the people's interest und public duty for the vindication of o tr attempt to i i uug irate a righteous und benefit ient re form. I0 I.U Cl.KVKI.M Joseph Chamberlain admits that he never expected the United Stated to ratify his treaty on the ll-l rrit s qui st ion. Wm. C. Kndieott, lr., son of the secret trv j ut war. Is visiting i.ngL.nd as tSe guest of the Kljrht Hon. Joseph chamberlain, j "Iot'a Wrfe," artistically done in Kansas ! a It, is one of the attractio.is of the Colum bus, Ohio, Cootiaalal.