I?ishop Harris' Funeral.
' Th remains of Hishop Harris, which ar
rival In Detroit on tho 1st inst., were kept
at the Kpiseopul residence on Fort street
until the morning of the 4th iiwt., when
they were removed to St. Paul's ehureh
where they were placed in state in the ves
tibule, and viewed by hundreds of people
in the few hour that intervened before tho
The services did uot depart frgni the sim
ple and Imposing office for the burial of the
dead, consulting of the sentences, autheui,
lesson from tho burial ofTiee, I Cor. xv.,
apostles' crcd, collects and lesser litany,
I e Prof undis, chanted, all kneeling, hyum
MJ, beucdictlon, rccva-donal hymn 101. The
service was conducted by the bishops, as
sisted by the four clerical members of tho
standing committee The music was ren
dered by the surpliced dioir. After tho
service the procession retired in the same
order in which it went in, the choir singing,
the reeossiuual hymn.
Maine a ('onirres:uan.
A farmer-looking man was arrested in
Jackson the other day, having on his person
several letter blocks, which he mailed to
postmasters throughout the state, usking
for money contributions for the democratic
party, the same as has been played in New
York. The letters wore, all printed blocks,
and lear the name ,f M inly Walker. Two
letters, registered, are in the possession of
Postmaster Bennett, containing money,
on 1 it was the jtost master who tirst found
out the fe low's scheme and had him
watched. When he came for the letters he
was nipped by the police. lie says he got
the blanks from a congressman in Pennsyl
vania and had 1(H) blanks printed in Jack
son. Walker has been taken to Detroit, as
it is a United States offense.
WO LYKKI N K Wilis VK 11 1 Mi S.
The special election held at (iraml Lodge
on the question of appropri.it ing :t.oo to
secure the Kin.lall furniture company, re
sulted in an uflirmutivc vote. The building
will be constructed at once.
Lew Hunter, a young shingle weaver
working near Lucas, was running along
Hie moving Mat cars of a w- rk train to get
into the caboose tho other evening, when
ho fell I etweeii tho cars and was instantly
kii'ed. He was single an 1 aged about
Supervising Inspector (leneral Duniont
is making his annua! in -poet i n on the lakes.
The individual claiming to he a .lackson
man, wiio lias written from Washington
demanding from .tt. from democratic
office holders in this state for election pur
poses, is denounced as a swindler by Wash
Ilosvve'l Randall, a pio-iee-.- of South Cli
max, Kalamazoo county, was killed a few
Jays ago by boingthrown from his carriage.
Sunset Cox is coming to Michigan about
ttie l."lh inst to make campaign soeehes.
Postm.t-ter-Cleueral Dickinson accompanies
A Shelby man offers suitable land and to
put in ll.t-oo to erect and run a basket fac
tory. There is a demand for it.
The Harbor Springs weoden toothpick
factory makes 1,nm,ooo,onjo picks a year.
The estate of Wm. Van Brut. t, who was
killed while coupling cars in the C, .1. A:
M. yards at Marshall, has sued the eoinpu
ny for $ .'.". (". on the claim that the cur
which caused the accident was defective.
3 Thejoint'T exploded iu the saw-mill at
ilrant the other day, instantly killing
Mrs. Chas. Krag'inberg of Saginaw
missed her p; riionths old etiild. Albei t, atul
after looking all over for him was horrified
to see him wit li his lnv id pitched into a big
kettle, partly tided with water, standing
near the door, outside. She picked him i i
only to find him dead. He fell into the
kettle, was unable to help himself, and was
Luther .-traton rf Hedf-.rd, Calhoun
county, has been arrested i v receiving
i.le-al pet,, toll tees.
L. L. Kin,' of Vaterf"il has lost eleven
cattle by poison.
The Seei.t e:ith Michigan infantry -the
'Stonewall regiment" ho. ds its reunion
at Monroe. September.
The work of raising the .'o.oo bonus for
one of the proposed new railroads through
Coldwater progresses slowly. The people
had no much experience in the old Cold
water, Mai. sMeM Sc Ohio railroad that they
are not very enthusiastic.
The ?M annual fair of the (Irutiot county
agricultural society will be held at Ithaca,
September ','', '7, 'j".
At the annual mooting of the Am riean
Pharmaceutical Ass. iution in Itroit, the
following ofi; ers were elected for the en
suing year : M.W.Alexander, Louisville,
Ky., president; James Vernor, Detroit,
first vice president ; F. Wilcox. Waterbury,
Conn., second vice president; A. A. Yager,
Knoxville. Tcnn., third vice president ; S.
A. J). Sheppard. liosttn, treasurer; J. M.
Maiseb, Philadelphia, secretary; ami
Henry Corning, jtostou, C. L. Kuppler,
New Orleans, ami linden Painter, Hiook
lyn. to fill the vaeanoies in the council.
Tho state pharmaceutical association, (it
its annual meeting in Detroit, elected the
ollowing oftioers for the ensuing year:
President, Ceo. (Jundrumof Ionia; vice
presidents. F. M. Alsdorf of Lansing: H.
M. Dean of Niies: (). Lberbach of Ann Ar
bor; treasurer, Win. Duint of Detroit;
executive committee, A. H. Lyman, Manis
tee; A. BasM-tt, Detroit; F. J. Wurzburg,
(Jrand Kapids; W. A Hall, Urevuville; K.
T. Webb. Jackson.
' Andrew Cumi'iings' lime kiln, and four
ice houses of the Standard ice company in
Bay City, were destroyed by tire the other
day. at a loss of tio.ooo.
John Mourer, who shot his brother's wife
In Detroit sonie weeks ago, had been con
victed, and sentenced to Jackson prison for
Mrs. Alice B. Hardenburg has been fleet
ed a member of the Tecuiuseh school board.
Coldwater is bow lighted with electricity.
The burnt district in Alpena has ben al
most entirely rebuilt,
. Berkev At Gay of Grand Hapidshave been
awarded tlie contract for furnishing a PJ
rooin hotel at Athen.s, (a.
Dr. Hunter of Jackson has some cotton
lants in blossom in his private garden.
By the breaking of a dam, r.u)o fine fish
seajed from Kelly Bros.' trout farm near
Mrs Ollie Kelly of Kalamazoo was run
pver by a freight train while crossing tho
C I. St M. lailload bridge near Battle
Creole the ther day. Both legs wen
rut off, one above and the other be
low the knee. The lower portion of the
ndy Was also partiu.ly crushed. She
lived nearly two hours and was conscious
to the If: st.
S. Foster A: Bros.' mill, salt Mock and
rromino mills in Midland were buined the
other day. The pail. and tub factory wus
saveil. Mr. Foster estimate his losuhovc
the insurance t n,,t fewer that r,od. It
is a severe blow to tho brothers.
Over 1,m students regist.-red at tin'
opening of tho fall term of the normal
The freight office of the I) L. A N. B. If.
at Beliing wa brolion into the other tii'ht
while the ugvat W is ut te i, and a'M.ut 1 11)
taken. No clue tothe robtx-rs This is the
second robbery of this station in two
months, and the n th in six years.
The board of control of the state indus
trial home for girls at Adrian ha named
the netv rettago roof ntly built in connection
with that institution, "t he Palmer cottage,'
Jn lienor of U. S. Senator Thomas W. Pal
Susie Thompson of Fast Saginaw, nged
10, was struck by a l.-omotlv while cross
ing the railroad trucks the othor iwrulng,
and fat airy hurt.
Dumford V Alverson of Port Hurta wHl
burld a 0,(40dry dock al Uat city.
Tho report of the state Inspectors shows
the salt inspection for August as follows:
Saginaw county, lUV.fti barrtds; Manlsteo
county, l(U,Usi; Bay county, v.Vt.VI; St.
Clair wuuty, ai,:';; Iohco couuty, f4,4sl;
Manon iwuoty, 42 l; Huron county, It,
:t7'.i; Midland county, 4.0JU; total, 4.2..M1
barrels. A cmnparisou of tho insjsivtion
for the year to September 1 allows us fol
lows: lss4, 2,10.:uh) barrels; 1W, 5j,l7V,i:i2;
lssc, U.riCs.ifcH); 117, J,m),H;7; 1, -',071,-set.
Henry Souers of tho barge (1. IC. Jackson
was urreittcd in Bay City u few days ago
on a capias at the instance of Kdwin Morso
of Marquette, who claims f.",oH) damages
for an assuult and battery committed J one
It, at the latter place. Morse has been in
the hospital ever since, with a broken lej
and other injuries Capt. Souers gave
I,MU ball to appear at the December term
of the circuit court.
I). Hwyt of Schoolcraft paid tho other
day for shooting a duck before September 1.
The right of way for the new railroud be
tween Battle Creek and Gohen, lnd., has
all lieen secured but twenty miles.
J. Wilson Turner the colored ex-minister
to Liberia, is anxious to meet I). Augustus
Staker of Detroit in the jolitical arena.
The tenth annual fair of the Western
Michigan agricultural and industrial society
occurs at Grand Kapids during the week
ojH-ning Sept. 17.
The examination of Capt. Durant of the
schooner Fumia, on a charge of opium
smuirirlingh.is leen ad.ourned at Port Huron
until the lsth inst.
Over '200 pounds of quartz studded with
gold, worth M,um or $.",,( ni were taken
trom the Michigan mine theotherdav. The
mine will be worked bv a large, force re
gardless of the law suit for its possession.
The Lake Superior Iron eo;ns.ny's shaft
has struck gold ugain at a depth of o0 f,., t,
and spec. men ot i ich rock lias be oi nent to
Chicago with a custodian for exhibition to
The Tamarack - Osi cola copper manu
facturing company will build at once an
eiirht furn ice smelting plant at Dollar bay,
whe.e the product of the Tamarack iV.
tsceola and Kearsage mines, amounting; to
l.ooo tons per montn, wid le sm lted.
The time to reileem state and county
taxes d ls.- exp n s Sep . :. Those who
have b'-rii delinquent and d not. settle
with ? Ic county tie i.siirer before t hat date,
will have to settle with the tax title men.
The .. ilr of is, , titles occurs on tho lirst
Tuesiiay in October.
President Cleveland has issue! an order
waiving a l techuii alit ies with reference
to ail ert is'.n.' for eont nu ts, e-te., and di
retting that every erfort be ni;id' to rais.'
tl:e bliM-kaile at tin- St. Clair flats canal.
A horrible calamity o -curre 1 at a farm
house about 20 miles Iro n Crystal Falls on
the sth jn-t. Louis Brown's house took
tire. Before his wife could get out she was
so terribly burned that she cannot live.
Brown got out safely, but rushed back
niraiu to get his money, was overcome by
the smoke and burned so that no tract; of
the m dy can be found. Six children es
caped unhurt. Loss. $.l.(X0; no insurance.
Tne tire was caused by a lamp explodiug in
a bed ro m.
A dispatch frm Montreal, Quebec, of
the sth just., says: It now turns out that
Waldron. the absconding banker of Hills
da. e, Mich . has sailed lor Filmland by the
steamship Parisian. A private creditor
who hud a claim of ?",oo had him arrested,
but allowed him to depart atter he had set
tled the claim. Detectives, however, Were
unable to locate him. A woman supposed
to be Mrs. Bidwell, aecompauie 1 him. He
is supposed to have taken tfio.ooo with him.
The Special election on the 7th inst., to
bond the city of Jacks, .n for the purchase
of the Geo. d Smit'i puriiier plant by the
city resulted in a majority of l.'sj in favor
ofthepurcha.se. A lLr!it Vote was polled.
This year's yield of peaches will be the
largest ever known in Michigan.
F. Germain ,v Co. of Fast Saurinaw have
broken ground at their extensive factory
premises for a six story brick warehouse,
i.-'X.'lo feet area. This concern is now giv
iiur employ meut to .'it men, and the force
is to be steadily increased. It is one of the
laivct planing mills and factories in the
Gen. If. A. A'jrT will deliver the eulogy
on the late Gen. Sherid in at th" annual
meeting of the Grand Army of the Cum
berland at Chicago September 1'.'.
Lev. 1. F. Manning, pastor of the North
Baptist church. Detr.it, has received a call
from the Fiii.'lish speaking Baptist church
at Kaiigoou. Burmah. He has the matter
uinler coiisider.it ion.
Cnsnovia will 1 nve a r Iler process mill
in o)erut:on in a few wee s.
A live rattlesnake five ! ot long and two
inches thick has been presented to the uui
vcrsit v museum.
A lire alarm telegraph system is being
put in in Saginaw.
The St. Joseph knitting factory has shut
down for an indefinite period.
The weather rop bulletin of the Michi
gan weather service for September s savs:
The weather conditions of the iast
week have teen injurious to corn.
jMitatoes and buckwheat. The corn
is ripening prematurelv and wtatoes
have not had sufficient rainfall to bring
them to fullness uud buckwheat Was badly
touched by frost on the 5th inst. Corn was
badly frosted on the y lands by this frost,
but the crop ou high dry lands has not been
damaged to any extent as yet. Corn cut
ting is in progress in the central und south
ern sections of the state, but rather to keep
tho crop from drying up than bvauso it is
fully matured. The crop will be nearly a
fair average, although iu soino cuses the
kernel will be shrunken. The crop will be
secure from the effect of frost by the l.'th,
ami for causes noted above wili be nearly
all cut. Plowing is progressing slowly,
and wheat seeding is begun iu some por
tions of the central s-tinn. Potatoes have
been most effected Hy the continued drought
which is seriously felt in the southwestern
part of the southern section.
Lewis Whitaker was struck by nn east
bouud freight ner Bancroft the other
afternoon and was eriualv injured. His
skull was fractured and his left arm was
amputated at the shoulder.
A sanitary convention is to le held in
Hastings December .'J and 4.
Clarence Sh'pard, of Banror, raised a
sunrwcr this season measuring 'jn inch
across the blossom head, and with leaves
22 inches long.
Jerry Boynton's Central Michigan rail
road company, which has a hand in tho
pro.ect for building a railroad cater corner
ed across this state, has been mortgaged to
the Central Trust company of New York
Kt. liev. Bishop elect Foley will be in
stilled as bishop of Detroit, Novemler 2.
The consecratiou service occur in Balti
more NovemNT 1, the fifty-fifth anniver
sary of his birth.
Hey. W. Hanson of Traverse City, has
Iks'D expelled from themin'stry and church
members. ip bv the Method st conference in
session at St. Joseph, fi.r immorality, lying
and disn.jedieiice to the order and rules of
Gov. L ice has issued a requisition for
Allen C. Little, who is serving n term in
the In liana st.de prison, but is wanted In
this state for the murder of Patrollman
George C. Kimball, committed in Detroit
iu October, Issd.
Blaine b.'gins his tour of Michigan Oct.
i, whn he speaks in Detroit. Gen.
Adam F. King of Maryland, who is now on
the stump iu M dne, will nceouipauy Mr.
Blaine on his tour through Michigan ad
dresaiDgtbe meetings. Gen. Alger, Walker
Blaine and Robert Fra.er will alo be in
thejvarty. Mr. Blaine gos to .New Yoro
Sept 5?.', as now planned, makiug several
sjh wches there before going. vcL
Gen. Joan (J. Bajkhurst, of CVd water,
is spoken sf as a candidatofir American
tsisistr tw Uaigiuia.
A PANIC-STRICKEN CITY.
Jacksonville, FlaM Kxrltcd Uvor (ho
Kpread of the Fever.
Tho yellow fever Is on the increase in
Jacksonville, and new oases are springing
up hourly. The mortality is not cou fined
to tho aged, weak and sickly, but strong
men aro being stricken down. The plague
is lucruaslug lu malignity, uud is no longer
of a mild typo. Tho poopUt have given up
pretty much all hojm of securing aid from
tho government to get away and many will
take the clkaiiees ut Cump Perry, which is
said to be greatly improved. Cump Mitchell
will mxm bo ready, and these w ill iu all
probability accommodate '2,000 persons.
Knergctic efforts are beiig made to send
off all per nous, uud as nearly all the whites
have changed their minds m regard to going
since the big lists came out, it is very prob
able that the authorities will bo able to send
off 2,000 as soon us accommodations are
ready. As tho fever waits for no one, the
work is being rushed rapidly ahead.
Belief Is coming in from all sections of
the country, and skilled nurses and physi
cians arc doing all iu their power to stay
progress of the disease uud relieve the suf
ferings of tho victims.
The Celestials are Coming
During the week ending Sept. 1st fet
Chinamen arrived at Vancouver, British
1 Columbia, from Chiua. As it is well known
that thousauds of those ulready in the
i country are unable to lind employment it is
j estimated their ultimate destination is the
I United States. An officer of tho Dominion
; government, who h.;s just returned from
j British Columbia, states that there is a
steady stre im of Chinaman pussing out of
' that province into Washington Territory,
I where they easily smmrle themselves in
. iu defiance of the United States custom
ortlcials. lu this way during the present
' year it is estimated the Chinese population
, (f British Columbia has already been do
' pletcd to the extent of .".ooo. The minister
of customs, who is now on the Pacific
coast investigating the Chinese quest ion,
has promised to look into the matter for
the United States authorities.
! Hay State Democrat.
Massachusetts democrats in state conven
tion nominated the following state ticket:
For governor, Hon. Wihiam L. Kussell;
1 lieutenant governor, John W. Corcoran;
'secretary of state. William N. Osgood;
treasurer and rec iver general. Henry C.
Thatcher; attorney-general. Samuel O.
Lunib; auditor, William A. Williams. For
presidential electors tin' convention select
ed John Boyle O'Koilly of Bosti n and Geo.
M. Stearns of Chieopeo.
! The platform adopted indorses the demo
cratic national platform, and ratifies tho
i nomination (,f Cleveland and Thurman.
Cleveland's free trade message is heartily
indorsed. Approval is given the Mills bill
and tho free wool clause especially com
meuded. The President's stand on the
fisheries question is indorsed.
The Secret Discovered.
The war depurtment is greatly exorcised
over the announcement that a ri presenta
j tive of Great Britain has discovered the se
, cret of our torpedo system, upon which the
government has relied us a means to defend
our seacoast. The officer uliuded to, it is
' said, has been hobnobbing with our uaval
; officers, but failed to learn anything until
! recently, when he discovered tliat the vari
J ous torpedoo have been patented by their
i inventors. After some difficulty lie sue
1 1 -ceded in obtaining drawings of nil torpe
does und the appliances for their use from
the intent office, and sent them, w.th all
; the other information he had ne. paired, to
the war oftlce at Londn. It is feared that
the olhcer, who is thoroughly posted on tor
, pedoes, knows all the secrets ot the Ameri
' can system.
Catholic Denevolent I'nion.
The Catholic benevolent union at Colum
i bus, ()., postponed action on the ehange of
name for ( lie year : indorsed thee ction of
, Swinton's history from the Boston schools
I and elected the following officers: Presi
dent, M. Glenniug. Norfolk. Va ; tirst vice
president, P. F. Walsh. 1r , Columbus. (). ;
second vice president, Wm. Walsh. Chat-
taiioogu. Tenn.; treasurer, James Henry,
St. Louis; secretary, M. .F. T. Griffith,
Philadelphia; exeeutive committee. J. Te-
j ban, Canada; Owen Kelly. Philadelphia ;
A. M. Griffin. Richmond. Va. The next
; convention will be held at Kingston, Can-
(lathered to His Father?.
George L. Perkin. for oO
treasurer of the Norwich .c Worcester rail
road, died of old age at the Fort Griswold
house in Grotton, Conn., on the t'.th inst.
He had U-en failing for a w ek. but was
conscious until within an hour of his death.
Col. Perkins has voted for every President
since Madisou ; wits paymaster in the war
of 1M2, und organized the tirst Sunday
school iu Norwich. Conn. He w as aged loo
years und one month, and ll.i d the office of
treasurer until his death.
Twelve Million School Children.
N. H. R. Dawson, commissioner of edu
cation, in his annual r port, says that 12.
UM.0t0 of children attended the public
schools some purt of the last fiscal year,
und of these nearly vmo.oou were in aver
age daily attendance. Iu both respects the
southern states, once so back waul, have
made greater progress than tther parts of
Wht at. Whits
Oats, - "
It A RLE T,
Clover 8wt. psr bag....
Klovr Michigan patent..
Itys per bu.
AlTUl, per bbl....
Cheese, per lb
Prifd Applbs, pr lb
Koos. per dos
Hops per Ui
Hat, psr too, eloTsr 8
- - timothy 10
Malt, per bu
Onions, per bbl 3
1'kah.s, jr i4 3
1'kai iies, per lu 1
I'i.i m, f-er bu 2
1'oct.TRT Chickens, live....
Ducks pr lb
Protisions Mesal'ork. ...1.1
KxtrA mess beuf 7
Tsllow, per lb..
Uides Oreen City par lb ..
Sheep tklnv woil..
Cattle Market row, ,o to 15e lower;
tt-er H 3k(iiJ." til; tocker and feeders,
fi iik't) t); rows, bulU and mixed, 40
ucl W; Texsns and Indians, II '.o-j 50;
Vetrn raug. r-, f.t 5a4 7..
lloos Market slow but steadv ; nilxxd,
13 Uoi 4o; heavy, I (tfd.OU; light, i suii
to 5; slips, It- 70.
biiEEP .ceiptA, yOJ; l.ipmnt. 2,500;
market active, UK-lower; natives, 12 t't.V
4 5f"; Western, shorn, fJ :) t'xi; Tvxans,
shorn, $i lA 36: lambs, li &W5.
Ihe DroTwe' Journals apecial cable
Vram Irons London ouotes American cat
tle In I supply. J he arasud is weak.
1'rUet are barely ateadr. t eat steers,
yT poand, sstUuated dead weight.
CLE VELA N1VS LETTER
Accepting tha Presidental Nomination.
Hit Position Clearly Defined.
Muttere of Importance Tout had t'puu.
The following is President ClevelaaJ's
letter of acceptance :
Wamiixoton, Sept. 8, lb88.
lion. Patrick A. Collins and others, com
mittee, etc. : (Jentlemeu In uddreMsiiiiP to
I you buy formal w-cptance of Uio noudna-
; lion Ui tne I "residency of the united States,
my thought ieritently dwell uon tho
Impressive relation of such action to the
American ps:ple, whose coutidence is thua
Invited, and to the political party to which
1 belong, luat entering ujKn u contest for
The world does not afford a spectacle
more sublime than is furnished when mil
lions of free and intelligent American citi
zens select their chief magistrate, und bid
one of their nuniU-r to niul tho highest
earthly honor and the full measure of pub
lic duty iu ready submission to their will.
It follows that u candidate for this high
oftlce t un never forget that when the tur
moil ami the strifo which attend the selec
tion of its incumbent sturil shall be heard
iio more, there must be in the iiuiet calm
which follows a complete und solemn self
consecrution b.v the M-ople's chosen Presi
dent of cverv faculty und euduavor to the
I service of a confiding und generous Nation
j of freemen.
These thoughts are intensified by the
light of my exerienoo in the Presidental
' olV.ce, which lias sderly impressed me
with the severe rosxinsibilitios which it
j imposes, while it has tui kened my love
for Amerlean institutiuns and taught ino
tho priceless value of the trust of my
c unt rymen.
It is of tho highest importance that thoe
who ailinlnister our government should
jealously protect and maintain the rights of
Ain-'rican citizens at home and abroad, and
should strive to achieve for nir -count ry
her proer place among the nations of the
earth; hut there is no j tjd whose home
interest are so grout, and whose numerous
objects of domestic concern deserve so
much watchfulness and care.
Among these are the regulations of a
sound tiuaneial system suited to our needs,
t bus securing an e;tiei nt agency of national
wealth and general prosperity: the con
struction and equipment of means of de
fense, to insure our National safety and
maintain tie honor beneath which such
National sab ty reposes: the protection of
our national c.nnain, stid stretching be
yond the needs of a century's expansion,
und its preservation for the settler and the
pioneer of our marvelous growth ; a sensi
ble and sincere recocnit ion of tin1 value of
American lalstr. leading to the scrupulous
care and just appreciation of the interests
(d our workingmeu; the limitation und
checking of such monopolistic tenden
cies and schemes us interfere with
the advantages and henetits which the
people may rightfully claim ; a generous re.
gard und care for our surviving soldiers
and sailors und for the widows and orphans
of such as have died, to the end that while
the appreciation of their services and sacri
fices is qui kened the application of their
pension funds to imprinter caes may be
prevented; protection against a servile
immigration, which injuriously competes
with our laboring men in the licld of toil,
and adds to our population an element
ignorant ot our institutions and laws, im
possible of assimilation with our people
uud dangerous to our peace and welfare;
a strict and steadfast adherence to tho prin
ciples of civil service reform and a thorough
execution of the laws passed lor their en
forcement, thus permitting to our people
the advantages of business methods in the
operation of their government : the guaran
ty t'i our colored citizens of all their rights
of citizenship, and their just recognition
und encouragement iu all things pertaining
to that relation; alirm, patient und hu
mane Indian po.iey, so that in peaceful re
lations with the government the civiliza
tion of the Indian may le promoted, with
resulting quiet arid s.tf ty t the settlers on
o;;r frontiers; and the curtailment of pub
lic expense by the introduction of econom
ical methods in every department of the
The pledges contained in the platform
adopted by the hit-convolution of the uat
ional democracy lead to tho advancement
of these oh.ects and insure go. d govern
liuMit - the aspiration of every true Ameri
can citizen arid the motive for every patri
otic action and effort, lu the conscious
ness that much has been done in the direc
tion of gis d government by the present a 1
ministration, anl submitting its record to
the fair inspect ion of my count ry men, I en
dorse the platform thus presented, with
the determination that, if 1 i.m again call
ed to the chief magistracy, there shall be a
e ntinuanceof devoted endeav. r to advance
the interests of the entile country.
Our scale of federal taxation and its con
sequences largely engross at this time the
attention of our citizens, and tin- people are
soberly considering the necessity of meas
ures of relief. Our government is the cre
ation of the jM-ople, established to carry
out their designs and accomplish their
good. It was founded n justice, and was
made for a free, intelligent und virtuous
people. It is a free government because it
guarantees to every American citizen the
unrestricted personal use and enjoyment of
all the reward of his toil and of all his in
come, except what may b his fair contri
bution to necessury public expense. There
fore it is not only right, but the duty of a
free people, in the enforcement of this guar
anty, to insist that such exjK Use should bo
strictly limited to the actual public needs.
It teems perfectly clear that when the gov
ernment, this instrumentality created and
maintained by the people to do their bid
ding, turns upon them, and through an
otter perversion of its powers extorts from
their labor ami capital tribute largely in
excess of public necessities the creature
has rebelled against the creator and tho
masters arc robbed by their servants.
The cost of the government must con
tinue to be met by tariff duties collected at
our custom houses ut,on imported gooda,
and by internal revenue taxes ujsm spiritu
ous ami is alt liquors, tobacco und oleomar
garine. I suppose it Is needle to explain
that all these duties and assessments are
added to the price of the articles upon
which they are levied, and thus become a
tax upon all those who buy these articles
for use ami consumption. I sujqse, too,
it is well understood that ti e effect of this
tariff taxation is uot limited to the consum
ers of imorted articles, but that the duties
imposed upon such articles jiermit a cor
rescinding increase in price to ty laid upon
domestic productions of the same kind;
which increase, paid by all our eople as
consumers of home productions and enter
ing every American liome, constitutes a
form of tax at iou ascertain und ns inevit
able as though the amount was annually
paid into the hand of the tax gatherer.
These results are inseparable from tho
plan we have adopted for the collection of
our revenue by tan IT duties. They are not
mentioned to discredit the sy stem, but by
wav of preface to the sta'emont that every
mllliou of dollars collected at our custom
houses for duties ujon imjorted articles
iuuI jmid into the public treasury represent
many millions more which, thongh never
reaching the national treasury, are paid by
our citizens as the increased cost of domes
tic productions resulting from our tariff
In these oirum stances, nnd in view of
this necessary effect of the operation of
our plan for raising revenue, the absolute
duty of limiting the rate of tariff charges
to the necessities of a frugal and economi
cal administration of the government,
seems to le jH'rfwtly plain. Tho continu
ance, ujsn a pretext of meeting public ex
penditures of such a scale of tariff taxation
us draws from tho substance of the is-ople
a sum largely iu excess of public ueeds, is
surely something which under a govern
ment based on justice, and which timLs its
strength and uscfullnrs in tlie faith an 1
trust of the people, ought iut tobetoler
atod. While the heaviest burdens
Incident to tho necessities of the gov
erniaent are uncouiplalolugly burne,
light burdens become grerhw and lutder
able when uot justified by aucb ueoensities'
Unnecessary taxation is unjust taxatiou
A nd yet this U our conditlou. We aro au
uuall.v collecting at our custom houses ami
by means of our internal reveuue taxation
many millions in excess of all logitlmato
public utMvls. Asa consoquenco there now
remain in the national treasury a surplus
of more Uan olo hundred and thirty mil
lions of dollurs.
No better widenoe could be furnished
tlwat the poopU) or extortionate!.? taxed.
The extent of the aujurttuous burden indi
cated by this surplus will be better appre
ciated when it is suggested that such sur
plus alone represent taxation aggregating
more than one huudred and olghl thousand
dollars lu a couuty containing 50.U00 inhabi
tants. Taxation has always been tho feature of
organizes! government; tho hardest to rec
oncile with the people's ideas of freedom
and happiness. When presented iu a direct
form nothing will arouse popular discoutent
more quickly and profoundly than unjust
and unnecessary tnxu'iou. Our farmers,
mechanics, laborers and all our citizens
closely scan the slightest increase in the
taxes assessed ujku their lands uud other
iroiorty, uud demand good reason for such
increase. And yet they seem to bo exact
ed in some quarters t regard the unneces
sary volume of inslduous uud iiilirwt tax
utioii visited iinhi them by our present rate
of tariff duties with indifference if not with
favor. The surplus revenue now remain
ing iu the treasury not only furnishes con
clusive proof of unjust taxation, but Its ex
istence constitutes a separate and indoon
deut menace to the prosperity of the people.
This vast accumulation of id;e funds repre
sents that much money drawn from the
circulating medium of the country which is
needed in the channels of trade und busi
ness. It is a great mistake to suppose that the
consequences which follow the continual
withdrawal and hoarding by the govern
ment of the currency of the people are not
of immediate importance tothe mass of our
citiens, and only concerns those enguged
iu large liualiciai transactions, in the rest
less enterprise und activity which free and
ready money among the people produces is
found that opportunity for labor and em
ployment an i that impetus to busings and
pnductiou which bring in their trnin pros
perity to our citizens in every s'ution and
vocation. New veutures, new investments
in business and manufacture, tho construc
tion of new and important wi rks, und the
enlargement of enterprises already estab
lished, depend largely upon obtaining mon
ey upui easy terms with lair security; and
all these things are stimulated by an abun
dant Volume of circulating medium. Kven
the harvested grain of the tanner remains
without a market unless money is forth
coming for its movement and transporta
tion to the seaboard. The tirst results of
a scarcity of money among the jx-ople is the
exaction of severe terms for its use. In
creasing distrust and timidity is followed
by a refusal to loan or advance on any terms.
Investors refuse all risks and decline all
securities, an.ii'i ageneral fright fie money
still iu the hands of the p-jople is persist
It is quite apparent that when this per
fectly natural, if not inevitable, stage is
reached, depression iu all business and en
terprise will, as a necessary consequence,
less.-n the opportunity for work and
employment and reduce salaiics and the
wages of labor.
Instead, then, of beingexempt from'the in
tluence and effect of an immense surplus ly
ing idle in the national treasury, our wage
earners and others who rely upon their la
bor for support are most of all directly con
cerned in the situation. Others seeing the
approach of danger may provide against if,
but it will lind those depending upon their
daily toil for bread unprepared, helpless
and defenceless. Such a state of affairs
dues not present a ease of idleness resulting
Iroin disputes between the laboring man
and his employer, but it produces au ubs..
lute and enforced sto'pnage wf employment
In reviewing t!i bad e:T
mutated surplus and sea!
by which it is produced, w
look the tendency toward ;
ts of this accu
of tariff rates
must not over
oss and scan-la-
lous public extrava.
treasury induces, u
nice which a congested
r the f;ict that we are
maintaining, without excu-e. in a time of
profound peace, substantially the rate of
tariff duties imposed in time of war, when
the necessities of the government justified
the imposition of the weightiest but dons
Upon the people.
Uivers plans have be.-n suggest 'd for th
return of this accumulated surplus tothe
people and the channels of trade. Some of
these devices are at variance with all rules
of good finance; sjme are delusive, some
are absurd and some betray b.v their reck
less extravagance the demoralizing inllu
ence of a great surplus of public money
upon thejudgment of individuals.
While such efforts should be made ns are
consistent with public duty aid sanctioned
by severe judgment to avoid danger by the
useful disposition of the surplus now remain
ing in the trca-sury, it is evident that if its
distribution were aecoi .plished another ac
cumulation would soon take Its place if the
constant flow of redundant income was not
cheeked at it source by a reform in our pr
cut tariff laws.
We do uot propose to deal with these con
ditions by merely attempting to satisfy the
people of the truth of abstract theories nor
by uloiie urging their usseut to politicul
doctrine. We present to them the pruos
itious that they are unjustly treated in the
extent of present federal taxation, that as
a result a coudition of extreme dauger ex
ists, and that it is for them to demand a
remedy and that defense and safety prwni
ised iu the guarantees of their f-ee govern
ment. We believe that the same means which
are adopted to relieve the treasury of its
present surplus aud prevent Us recurrence
should cheapen to our people the cost of
supplying their dally wants. Both of thes.
objects we seek in part to galu by reducing
the preseut tariff rates upn the neces
saries of life.
We fully appreciate the Importance ts
the country of ur domestic industrial en
terprises, In tha rectification of wrongs
their maintenance and prosperity should be
carefully und in a friendly spirit consider
ed. Kvea such rcliuuee ujsm present
revenue arrangements as have be!i invit
ed or encouraged should be. fairly and Just
ly regarded. Abrupt aud radical changes
which might endanger such enterprises
and injuriously ufTct the interest of labor
dependent ujon their suooess and contin
uance lire uot contemplated or intended.
Hut we know the cost of our domestic
tnanufs:ured products is increastsl und
their prhe to the consumer enhancod by
the duty lniss.d ujxm the raw material
ussl In their manufacture. We know
that this increased cost prevents the sale
of our productions at foreign markets in
competition with those countries which
have the advantages of frio raw material.
Wo know that eontined to a home market
our manufacturing operations are curtail
ed, thir demand for labor irregular aud the
rate of wages paid uncertain.
We prosse,tl r efote, to stimulte our do
mestic industrial enterprises b.v freeing
from duty the imported raw materials
which by the employment of lalxr are
us4t in our Inme manufactures, thus rx
temung the m irkets fvir their sale and or
mining an increased und steady production
with the allowance of abundant pr. fits.
True to the uroley lating course of the
democrat party we will not neglect the in
terests of labor and our workingmon. In
all effort to remedy existing evils we will
furnish n excuse for the hs of employ
ment or the rcduct'on of the wage of honest
tod. On the contrary we propose In any
adjustment of our revenue law to concede
such encouri'g -tnei.t an 1 advantage to the
employers of domestic lals.r as will easily
comp-nsito for any ni'Terenc th t ta ly
exist tctween the standard of w; w wh'eh
should bo paid to our lilxinni men miJ the
rate n lowed in other counti ies. We pro
poe. too, by extending tho markets f r our
manufacturers to p -otnote the steady em
ployment of rutor, while bv chcnicuiLg the
coat of the necessaries of Ufo we increase
the purchasing power of the" workingmatT
wages and add to the comfort of his home.
And tWore passing from this phase of
this yuestlon I am constrained to express
the opinion that while the lutereata of labor
should Ins always M-dulousiy regarded in
any modi flea) hm of our tariff laws, an ad
ditional and more direct aud efficient pro
tection to these interests would bo afforded
by tho restriction aud prohibition of tho
immigration or imjortatlon of laborers
from other countries who swarm upon our
shores, having no purpose or intent of bo
coming our fellow citizens, or acquiring
any permanent interest in our country, but
who crowd every field of employment with
unintelligent labor at wages which ought
uot to satiafy those who muka claim to
The platform adopted by the late national
couveution of our party contains tho fol
Judging by democrat principles tho in
terests of the wviplo are b-truysi when by
unnecessary taxation trusts ami combina
tions are permitted and fostered which,
while unduly enriching the few that com
bine, rob the body of our citizens by depriv
ing them as purchasers of the benefits of
Such combinations have always ben con
demned by the democrat party. The dec
laration of ks National convention is sin
cerely made, and no member of our party
will be found excusing tho existence or bo
littlitg the pernicious results of these de
vices to wrong the people. Under various
names they have been punished by theeom
mon hiw for hundreds of y ears; and they
have lost none of their hateful features be
cause they haveussumed tho nameof trusts
instead of conspiracies. We believe tha
these trusts are the natural offspring of a
market artitieailly restri. tei ; that an in
ordinatoly high tariff bes.de furnishing th
temptation for their ex stenee enlarges the
limit within which they may oorut9
against the people, and thus increases the
exteut of th"ir power for wrong doing.
With an unalterable hatred for a l such
schemes we count the checking of their
baleful ojM'rations among the good results
promised by revenue reform.
While we cannot avoid partisan misrep
resentation our i-osition upon the question
of revenue reform should lo so plainly
stated as to admit of no misunderstanding.
We have entered upon no crusade of free
trade. Th" reform we seek to inaugurate
is pr dieted upon the utix.ost care for es
tablished industries und enterprises, a
jealous regard for the interests of American
labor, and a sincere desire to relieve the
country from th" injustice und danger of a
condition which thr utens evil to all th
people of the land.
Wo are dealing with no imaginary dan
ger. Its existence has been rejieutedly
confessM y all dit:cal parties, uud
pledges of a remedy have Ix-en made on all
Yet when in. the legislative body, wher
under the constitution all remedial meas
ures applicable to tho subject, must origi
nate, the democrat majority were at
tempt'ug with extreme moderation to re
deem the pledge common to both parties,
they were met by dctermimd opposition
and obstruction; and the minority refusing
to eo operate in the house of representa
tives, or propose another remedy, have re
mitted the redemption ot their party pledge
to the doubtful power of the senate. Th.J
people will hardly be deceived by their
abandonment of the ll-ld of legislative ac
tion to meet in political convention and
flippantly dv!aro in tln ir party platform
that our conservative and careful effort to
relievo tho situation is destructive to tho
American system of protection. Nor will
the people be misled by the appeal to prejudice-
contained in the absurd allegation that
we serve the interests of Kurope, while
they will support the inn rests f America.
They prop; in their platform to thus
support the interests of our country b.v re
moving the inter! al revenue tax from to
bacco and from spirits used in the arts and
for inechauh al purposes. They declare,
also, that there should he such a revision
of our tariff laws as shall tend t j check the
import a' ion of sin-h art icles as are produced
hoie. Thus, iu propos'ng to increase the
dut ies upon such art ides to nearly or quite
a prohibitory point. 1 hey confess themselves
i ling to travel backward in the road of
eivilizat ion and to deprive our ; eople of the
markets lor their goods which can only be
gained and kept by the setnbl nice, at least,
of an interchange of business, while they
abandon our consumers to the unrestrained
oppression of the domestic ti ust.s and com
binations which are in the same platform
They propose further to release entirely
from imMirt duties uii articles of foreign
production (except luxuries) the like of
which cannot Im- produced in this country.
The plain people of the laud and the poor,
who scarcely use articles of any descrip
tion produces! exe;us:vely abroad and not
already free, will rind it difficult to dis
cover where their interests are regarded In
this projosition. They neod in their home
cheujH-r tli ruesti.- necessaries; and this
seems to bo entirely unprovided for in this
profosed scheme to serve the country.
Small comjH'iisat ion for this neglected
ns-d is found in the further purtoso here
announced and covered by the declaration
that if after the changes already mention
ed there still remains a larger revenue
th.Ji is requisite for the wants of the
government the entire iuternal taxation
slmuhl be repealed, "rather than surrender
any part of our protective system."
Our eople ask relief from the undue
and unnecessary burden of tariff taxation
now resting uion them. They are offered
free tobacco and free whisky. They ask
for bread and they are given a stone.
The implication contained is this party
devluratiou that dcs.Tate measures are
Justified or necessary to save from destruc
tion or surreuder what is termed our tro-ts-tive
system should confuse no one. The
existence of such a system is entirely con
sistent with the regulation of the extent to
which it should be applied and the correct
tion of its abuse.
Of course in a country as great as ours,
with snch a wcmderfnl varioty of interests,
often leading in entirely different direc
tions, it is difficult, if not impossible, to
settle upon a perfect tariff plan, liut in
accomplishing the reform we have entered
upon, the necessity of which is so oblivi
ous. I believe we should uot bj content
with a reduction of revenue iuvolvlng the
prohibition of imjortatiens and the remov
al of Uie internal tax upon whisky. It can
bo better and more safely done within the
lines of granting actual relief to the people
in their means of living, and at
the some time giving an impetus to our
domestic, enterprises and furthering our
Jf misrepresentations of our purjHses and
motives are to gain credence and defeat
our present effort in this direction there
seems to be no reason why every endeavor
in the future to accomplish revenne reform
should not be likewise attacked and with
like results. And yet no thoughtful man
can full to see in tho continuance of the
present burdens of the people, and the
abstraction by the government of the cur
rency of the country, inevitable distress
and disaster. All the danger will Isi
averted by timely action. The difficulty of
applying the remedy will never bo less and
the blame should not bo laid at the door of
the democrat party if it is applied tt late.
With firm faith in the intelligence and
patriot ;sm of our count ry men, and rely ing
upon the conviction that mi- reprosentloii
will i. of intlefnc" then, prcdjudic-H will
not cloud their understanding und that the
menace will n. t intimidate them, let us
Urge the people's interest und public duty
for the vindication of o tr attempt to i i
uug irate a righteous und benefit ient re
form. I0 I.U Cl.KVKI.M
Joseph Chamberlain admits that he never
expected the United Stated to ratify his
treaty on the ll-l rrit s qui st ion.
Wm. C. Kndieott, lr., son of the secret trv
j ut war. Is visiting i.ngL.nd as tSe guest of
the Kljrht Hon. Joseph chamberlain,
j "Iot'a Wrfe," artistically done in Kansas
! a It, is one of the attractio.is of the Colum
bus, Ohio, Cootiaalal.
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