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Alma record. (Alma, Mich.) 1878-1928, October 19, 1894, Image 4

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FRIDAY, OCT. 1U, 1894.
PUBLISHED BY
Gratiot County Printing Company.
The Ukcobd It entered at the poatortico at
Alma for transmission through the malls as
Boooud class matter.
OFFICERS.
f. M. KVEKDKN, President
A. K. CHASK. Vice-President,....
t II. CHASE. Sec. and Treaa
C. F. BKOWN, liuinii Manager,
. ... Iilmcu
that'll
,.bt. l.lilll
.... Atnwi
C. 1?. BROWN,
Kditor.
r-
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
For Governor
JOHN T. HIC1I, Lapeer
For Lieutenant Oovernnr
ALFKEI) M1LNES, Branch
For Secretary of State
WASHINGTON OA HI) NEK, I'alhuun
l'or State Treasurer
J. M. WILKINSON. Manjuetto
For Auditor General
STANLEY W. TURNER, Roscommon
For Attorney General
FRED A. MATNARD, Kent
For State Land I'ommiMloner
WILLIAM A. FKENt-ll, PrcB.jue Mr
or SuperiDtendant of Public lnstruction
H.K. PA1TENGILL. InRham
For Member of State board of Education
PEKKY F. POWEKS, Wexford
CONGRESSIONAL.
For Member of Oonirrens. llthCon. District
JOHN AVERY.
SENATORIAL.
For State Senator. IPth Senatorial District
CH ESTER W. MARTI N ,
State Representative
v u, FRANK McNALL
COUNTY TICKET.
For Sheriff
For Clerk
PERRY D. PETTIT
JAMES G. KRESS
For Treasurer
r J0HNW.0TTO
For Register of Deeds
NAPOLEON B. BRADLEY
For Circuit Court Commissioner
GEORGE D. REEVES
For Circuit OV.tnlV
FOrSUrVeDANIELW.ALTENBCRG
FrC0rOneCH"ARLES H.WATSON
JOHN W.PAYNE
Republican MeetirtKS
f'KIDAV, OCT. l'.
Ithaca: Hon. 1). 1. Ait ken.
KATL'KIMY, OCT. -V.
Graham bthool house, Suinne
Call and K. S. tfcarl.
Xert school houf-e. Lafuyette:
: J.N. Mc
O. M. Kei-
den and W. A. Leet.
MOMiAV. oci .
Wheeler: W. A. Leet and J. N. Mcc all.
TUESDAY, OCT. '3.
Davis school bouse, Arcada: J. N. Me Jail
and W. A. Leet. . , xf w,.,..r.
Wheeler school house, Newark: J. M. bin-
den and K. S. Searl.
WKHNKSDAV.OCT.2l.
Forest Hill: J. L. Potts and J. N. M-,('f'
Myers school house, Bethany: c.H. tha-
and R. s. Miller.
TIUHSOAV, OCT i".
Pompe: Hon. G. J. DIekema and Hon. John
ATuibb8 school house. Wheeler: CH.Cha.-o
and R. S. Miller.
IHIDAV, OCT. till.
Sumner: Hon. G. J. Diekema and Hon. John
AJw?rlct No. I, Wheeler: C. H. Chase and R.
S. Miller. , . ,, ,,c
Bcebe: J. N. McCall and J. L. Potts.
SATURDAY. OCT.2T.
Alma: Hon. F. A. Maynard and Hon. G.J.
Dcikema. . ,
Allen ichool house, Lafayette
and R. s. Miller.
C. II. Chit'c
A vote for lion. John Avery for
congress, is a vote toward uttini
things in shape for better times.
Our Tim is making it lively in the
democratic camp these days, and the
end is not yet. He will make Mr.
Fisher saw wood before Nov. r.th.
Of all the frightened men in this
world, Hill of New York takes the
lead. He is trying to make his
peace with his enemies, but it is too
late he is gone.
One good evidence of a republi
can victory in Oratiot this fall is the
increased attendance at meetings
over the past four yeais. People
are waking up to the fact that na
tional affairs are rotten and propose
this fall to commence nidifying
things.
Chairman Wilson of the ways and
means committee of the house ol
representatives, &aid: "Wo will Ml
here until the end of our term to put
down the sugar trust." Hut hi
finally signed the bill giving tin
eugar trust forty million dollus,
taken from every man, woman and
child in this country.
A vote for C. "NV. Martin for state
senator, is a Vote for an honest, up
right, industrious and successful
business man, such as we would
want to transact our personal busi
ness. Why should we not continue
bavin" such men for this position?
He knows the wants of the district
and has the integrity to back thtm
"V-
We have read the platforms
adopted by the democratic state con
ventions that have been held this
year, says the democratic New York
Sun, and we are obliged to declare
that thote platforms are humbugs
without exception. We cannot re
call one of them that has dealt with
the tariff honestly or that his dared
to compare the promise of Is'jj with
I lie performance of Is'.' I.
Tin it publican vote in (italic t
this year promises to be, as every
where else in the country, unprt
cedentedly large. Many who have
heretofore voted with the democrats
for years are this year going to cte
the republican ticket, ami we know
of a number who have voted with
the populists for the hist two or
three years who nest month will
come back to their old-time alle
giance. They nay this is no time to
waste votes on a third party.
iniii
in
ri'LL or i:iu;oi;s ami outkagi ous
FALSEHOODS AllOUl' MICHIGAN.
DUhonttt Jiissiiiie Willi figure l.v the
1 Ulirr AtUocate.
The' voters of Mu lligan mut be on
their ijuard. Kvcry honest man should
constitute himself a vigilance commit
(a nf iuw tit 1 1 ii ilmvii :inl head olt
Democratic campaign lies ami never
relax his activity until the ballots are
cast, honestly counted and salely re
turned. The liepublican party is entitled to
a rousing victory in Michigan this
year. No half-way victory will sutlice.
It would he almost a defeat. The
Democrats do not expect to carry the
state, but they are straHuujr every
nerve to take the edje oil' of the l!e
nublican victory whl-L is sure to come.
They wish to keep the majority down
to 6o low u lijjure as to deprive Michi
gan Republicans of any real cause lor
rejoicing, lu their anxiety to aecotn-
Elish this the Democratic managers
are resorted to the most shameful
misrepresentations about the relative
expenses of the Winans. and Kich ad
ministrations of the state. They are
endeavoring to convince the people
that the present Republican adminis
tration of the state has been criminally
extravagant in expenditures and has
exceeded all former acituicbtrationi- iu
the lavish outlay of the p. onle" money.
The Democrats have ju.L issued tv
"Campaign handbook, 1V.M," tilled full
of misrepresentations well calculated
to cheat the honest voter out of his
vote. They present lor his considera
tion the following array of figures;
State taxes levied during W'uunV
term ?2.Stn.0.t 22
State luxes levied during Rich's
term 3.C20.ajO M
Excess of Rich's administration. $ T5T."'J'J
The tirst of these sums is correct
and so is the second. Jut the conclu
sion is false. It may seem an anomaly
that from two truths a falsehood may
be deduced, but it is no novelty in
Democratic campaign reasoning. The
fallacy here consists in a half-truth,
which is well known to be worse than
a lie, especially in Democratic mouths.
The Democratic 'handbook" keeps
out of sight the fact that, in addition
to the taxes levied during Winans'
term, the Republicans turned over
S003,1.".7') and got back only SU",
STS.SS. a difference of s:.'."7,0 in., w hich
was all spent and must be charged tip
to the Winans' administration. The
book also ignores the fact that the
Democrats received from the. United
States the sum of i,.,0,-u.'..(,t;,' which
must also be charged to them. Here
is a discrepancy in the Democratic
showing of s'iTj,Mi'.',.i i. This, added to
the taxes raised during Winans' term,
show the cost of his administration to
be "n, :..-;;.:;.
The Republican administration, on
the contrary, is entitled to a large de
duction from the taxes levied during
Rich's term, in estimating the cost of
his administration. The sum of lU.',
A!,', was raised for repairs, improve
ments and new buildings, made neces
sary by Democratic neglect. This is
no part of the cost of running the
state government. When this deduc
tion is made, it shows that the Rich
administration cost the people only
Svi.'JlT.'.'.'T.riS. tr s !'..', 'i'.'O. Is less than
Winans' admist .rat ion.
The Democrat ie "handbook,'' by tell
ing only part of the truth, is exp.-cted
to deceive the people into repudiating
the best and mot economical state
government they ever hail.
This "handbook" pretends to be a
statement of the cost of -u nning the
state government under the two ad
ministrations, and yet that it is an
imperfect statement, intended only to
deceive, is apparent from a comparison
of on j pait of the book with another.
Alter representing the total receipts of
the Republi an administration at s'.,-
C.'ii.li'.o.:,-. it. charges the ailministra
tion with a total di-bursement of sT.
I :;'.), ;."7. Jo. This leaves a discrepancy
in the Democratic siutemcnt of s '.. 1'., -jii'i'1
to he accounted for. Kvcn if
the tli -bursetnent of the educational
funds, arising under constitutional
provisions from the collection of spe
cific taxes, is charged up to the Rich
administration, the dis. repincy is by
no means removed. The total amount
of speeilie taxes collected during the
lat two ti-cal years is s.'.'.'s I. i'i.V.i. t)0.
Thi-. added to 'the total tax levy of
l i.;-. makes tin- receipts of the Rich
administration ."..'n .. ;'. n I. or idMl,
71.",'. short of what the Democratic
"handbook'- charj.es the Rich adminis
tration with disburing.
N1 hing better shows the dishonesty
of Democratic campaign work more
than thi - one laid. In the lirst place
the "handbook" exaggerates the total
of disbursements far beyond what it
can possibly be and then includes iu
the db biirsenients for running the
state government the disbursement of
the educational fund-, which are in
no way connected with the running of
the state government A moment's
rellcction shows t he dishonesty of such
a charge against the Rich administra
tion. The specific taxes are turned
into the primary school fund by the
express provisions of the constitution
sunl are expended for educational pur
po:-e- alone. The receipt arid expendi
ture of specific taxes, being thus ex
pressly dictated by the constitution, is
not alVected by change of administra
tion, but remains the same. The
ftresent administration merely col
ected and expended for educatioria.
purposes just what the constitution
anil laws require. If a faithful ob
servance of the constitution and the
laws is an offense in the eyes
of the Democracy, then the Republican
administration pleads guilty. Hut the
receipt. :md disbursement of specific
taxes has nothing whatever to do with
the expense of running the state gov
ernment. The only purpose of allud
ing to the disbnt semciit. of them by
the "handbook" was to create the im-pre-shin
that the ' present adiniriist ra
tion is squandering huge sums of the
people's money.
One of the most amusing instances of
the capieity of the average Democratic
campaign writer to juggle with figure
was found in the "handbook'' as it
was lirst published. It contained the
f-tartling assertion that tho legislature,
of ls.i appropriated l.x''..oo').no().
That is more than all the legislature,
both Democrat ie a nd Republican, have
appropi iat"d together since the state
was born. The assertion was thought
to bo a tr i lie too strong and after con
tultalioa pj tht Dtmociatjfemarrazcrs,
in n i vmunnr
il l AmJUUUIi
the book v;is h.mh .1 'T and a revise
version run I'nl tin- iruident wel
lllustratci t'if ;ui;ifity of tho Dcuin
cratic party fr miM-cpi emulation and
downright fabrhond.
1 11 il liit'tiiiie 'I'ill.
After howling thiou,'h several cam
paigns ; 1 1 ) f : 1 1 I he injustice of "war
taxes in times of peace ' ami 'vlass leg
islation" llic juvM iit Democratic nil
ministration has resol teil to one of t he
most olVeiiMve ' ar taxes," ami mo t
glaring piece-, of Slavs Icyislat i in."
the income tax. Without stopping
ut present ti iiite the eloquent de
nunciat ion of that form of taxation
mane on ine mr 01 mo m.mi.h - ... no
less a i 'fin
r.it than Senator ilill, or
to note the manv other objections that
may be urged against It, let us notice
the Detroit I re.- Press' recent account
of how it. worked .luring war tunes ; trl for use. It is plain that this latter
It was an interview -with ""old ,a,s flf d.ses is more Miitablo for CX
internal revenue othcer. After allutl- . . ... ... .,, .
ing to the t, -n.pt alio., which existed tensive manutaetui on .this accountthan
under the old eo.ulit.ons for capitalists , the other kinds called 1 minuses frais, or
to underrate their incomes, which
dwindled fearfully when they were
confronted with the obnoxious tax,
the account proceeds:
"Some rat her close-listed mill iona ires
received a pitiably small income ac
cording to the sworn records. Rut a
time came when there was a change;
the newspapers began to publish the
incomes ami several persons went
before the public as comparatively
poor men. nc capitalist had his in
come published and it caused general
comment. The capitalist came tearing
up to the otlice.
" Mlow is it those ligures went into
the paper that way'.'' he demanded.
" 'That is the way you swore to
them on the record '
" 'That is impossible. Why. those
figures are ridiculous. What do you
huppose the public thinks of them'.
Rcallv. sir. it was verv wrong in you
to permit such ligures to go in print.'
" 'We can settle that by referring to
your statement.' was the reply.
I he statement was prouueeu anu
there were the figures as published.
The capitalist was visibly cmbarrascd.
" 'What can I do about tins." lie
asked.
" 'You can semi in an amended
return.'
"This was done, and thereafter a
tolerably fair estimate of the old
gentleman's income was received.
Rut if a few wealthy persons under
estimated their incomes, insolvent men
threw the balance the other way by
declaring quite handsome incomes and
reluctantly paying the taxes rather
than to Le considered bankrupt."
Rut the Democratic income tax law
takes away this safeguard against
false swearing new spa per publicity
for, UN VlAl TIIK NKW LAW Till: KIK'oKOS
auk rni vatic. Dishonest millionaires
may swear falsely to reduce their
taxes and have their perjury hidden
from the public, and dishonest bank
rupts may hide their insolvency from
their creditors all through the grace
of Democratic law.
What do the people think of thin
kind of legislation .'
Treiisi' mi Mute I.iinl.
One of the most important duties of
the commissioner of the state laud
otlice is to look after the trespassers on
state lands. There is a constant temp
tation to dishonest lumber anil timber
operators to make raids on the rich
fields of operations owned by the state,
and the keenest vigilance is necessary
to protect the people from being robbed
by this class of operators. It may bo
interesting to the people to know how
much better their interests, have been
watched by the present administration
than they were by the Democratic ad
ministration. The following table
shows the amounts collected from tres
passers on slate land- under the
Democratic administration of the land
otlice and mi h-r the Republican admin
istration up to October I:
Trespass ci'llti-tcil umkr Jkiu-JU'utie admin
Mi'iitmii: Fur IS'JI S'.H ik)
Fur Mi.' I.O'Joyi)
Tic-pas-colleetc'l on kr I.Vpublii'UU
trutHin :
I"'' r I -.is
Fci tin. l. ' ). t.jl.cr I 1 v4
Tot it I amount cm I' '1 woof l.n;,
lu!iu;s.-
2 n.v) ;s
- cratifailinni-tiatiuii
q c; i
Total amount coIUtU a uti
can administration
r KupdWi-
H .81 41
A Ui Terence in favor of Ik puMu an ad
ministration to date 7 1'lT ii
From March "(. ls'.'b since the ad
ministration of William A. French, the
present state land commissioner, ami
the Republican candidate, there ha-j
hcen collected for trespass, s.".,s'.q ..
During the Democratic administra
tion the trespass agents, under the di
rection of I. ami t oiiimissioiier shaller,
were so zealous in their attempt to
cover money into the state treasury, iu
order to meet the rapidly diminishing
surplus left by the Republicans, that
they tl id not hesitate to extort money
from persons who w'ero found cutting
timber on their own land, and s 100 w as
squeezed from the Fresque Isle Lumber
company of Hammond's Ray for alleged
trespass on land belonging to the com
pany. The report of this collection
may no lounu on page nve oi commis
sioner's report for I '.'.'. and in state
state treasurer's report for page
eight, and on page If'.o of public actsof
1
In order to right this wrong, as far
as they could do so, the legislature, by
joint resolution No. approved dune
I, iv:i, provided for a settlement with
the I'resque Isle Lumber company for
the damages sustained, and such ad
justment was subsequently made by
the board of state auditors.
The I'l fa lof I fc 1,'itv.
Among the important acts of the
legislature of ls'.i the amendment of
the franchise fee law must not be over
looked. The legislature of lS'Jl, on the
recommendation ef tlov. Luce in his
retiring message, passed an act to re
juirc all corporations Ming articles of
hicorporation in tho state department
to pay a certain percentage on their
capital stock asa fee for incorporation.
The law was so imperfect that the
largest corporations, those organized
in ot her state-b but doing business here,
bail to pay no tax. The Jas.t legislature
jiiii nded tin law so as to include all
such corporations, as well as all in
creases of capital stock by corporations
already foi med, so that a corporation
could not evade the law by organizing
with a small capital stock and thou im
mediately increasing it. The result ha
been that, even in these; hard t linen,
the amount received as franchise fees,
from foreigti ceirporations ami increase
f capital stock of all corporations
ince May n. 1 s. I. when the new law
vent into effect, aggregates SdO,',7S. '"
1 his is but one act out ef many bene
ficial to the state passed by the last
legislature
n.A: AH
I w-
CAMIM13ERT CHEESE.
Iiow to Mnt.e ThU l uinou Mini DdW'lou
31 on, el.
Tho yopuhir small cheeses inado iu
Franco and ( in mauy, but used every
win re, b ii:g largely exported from
th(.-o two countries, am divided into
two classes, tho one being those, kinds
that are used within u few days after
the making, the others bving cured for
late r com uiuptioii, and thus being able
n,, be kenr some timn nfter tin v are fit-
ircsii cm esi s,ann on account or tnogreai-
ly improved quality of tho cheeso tho
cured t Mies are known as frontages afline,
or tvli. led olursc.s. And this term is fully
justilied by tho most careful process of
curing by which tho sharper aminoni
acal ta: te and odor are got rid of, and a
soft, rich, buttery consistence and a
pronounced but pleasant flavor are given
by the : low and careful curing. It is a
curious fact that this method of curing,
which has been learned during more
than a entury and has been slowly
evolved by gradual experience, is based
on the li-ost correct scientific principles
and by the aid of germs which aro cul
tivatd i:i the cheese, now only coming
to or.:- l.ii"W ! dge, and thus explaining
result that we aro now only just study
in;,' out. A:: I so far, with all our pres
ent Lt:o 1 tl'.e, we are unablo to im
prove upon tin-process, but am adopting
it into our modern practice iu dairy
worlc, ir. t only in making cheese, but
butter as well. And it is simply what
wo now call tho process of ripening,
which is u word that fits exactly tho
Ficn h term used above us applied to
this class of elueses viz, itfline.
A typical cheese of the cured kiud is
th" Camemhert, so called from tho
j tl i- e of itsorigiual manufacture, where
it w.ts fir-t made iu tho year 1 F.H by a
family of dairymen called Fayneli. The.
manufacture, now amounts to several
million of cheeses annually and employs
tho whole popu
i " ; lation of this tlia-
-;J trier. Thometh-
. ' ;;!i' rv- od of mauufua-
turuof this popu
lar cheeso is ex-
ceedingly deli-
- - cate and demands
1 M !.!. fhn iMi.;itest. Tiirn
I
ill tho smallest details, beginning with
tho milking of the cows indeed before
this, lor the feeding and lodging of
tin m mo fully considered in respect to
the avoiding of everything that might
interfere with tho perfect purity ef
the milk and tho preservation of nil
the line qualities of tho pasture of this
specially favored district And one les
son we Jearn nom tins manuiacturo is
that ;;:iy spi ial line quality of product
d.'pi t:ds to a great extent on tho charac
ter of the soil and of the herbage proel
uoe upon it. This extreme care accom
panies all the work in the dairy until
th.) milk is finally and carefully straiu
ed, and it is worth while just hero to
note the. peculiar idiomatic expression
coiivt yetl by tin; French weird tamis, a
stialni r. This is that when one says "it
has passed through the sieve" it means
that the milk has bee n strictly examined,
or, ;-s it may be said, strained in every
p i.-sibl" way and fri ed fmiu every ob
jt ctioiiahle quality. This is1 some thing
v "by of regard by every dairyman as
i Npb.inii.g why it is that this cherse
1: ;:- i : j yi tl a continual growth of popu
h:r l'.ivt ; in spile of changes of fashion
ti;;; i:ig wj ie than a ci ntuiy.
Ti i.
bt t-.ti n
hour
th-i
ntiik, having been drawn, is
d i.ii: mediately and is si t for three
for the ci earn to rise. There is
i ihi'i p'-Uiclo eif
c-.uva o:i timmilk, which
is removed and churned in
r- i '- -;z
to a v i y line quality of
batter th it brings two or
tlirea
piiee
1 1 . ie
Th
th" ciiuuioii
i:;:!!., ( v cm
" the special
Vt l.leiU e O
r.i.i.iip'ihiti'
broad earti
ll, is set in
n jars, each
holding five or six gallons, no. ii-hiam
and is e.a-h has bee n skiuime d it is se-t en
a heater and warmed until tho common
well known pellicle, or skin, 'forms on
tl.t! surface and wrinkle, or creeps. The
ft mpeiature at which this happen is
somewhat over 100 degree's.
Tho renin t is then udded, one table
spoonful t'lea'li jar of milk, ju which
there are rJO liters, equal to Jl quarts of
our r.c asure Tho rather high temp(Tii
turo id' the milk when tho rennet is
i:dd d brings the curd quickly, and at
tha end of live or six hours each
i ir is : t on a low bench in a sloping
diver tion, so as to bring tho contents to
t! e ( tn me edge, and the curd js then
(h'HH tl out into I he molds, of the thapo
shown in Fig. L The molds, made of
pure tin, are I J centimeters or 4?4
inche s high and wide. They aro open at
each did and are set on mats of rushes
stwtd together. Tho molds aro filled
with the ciitd, from which the whey
drains through the nh SGu to (ho slop
ing table, around which a groove is cut
t i earrv it to tho drain by which it flows
to the pigpens, where it is made into
pork.
As the winy drains from the curd this
shrinks in volume until the cheese has
gained H.fUchiit consistency to lo han
dled out of the mold, which fs at tho
n.dof the second day. They aro then
tiJo ii out of the molds and sprinkled
witii salt and hit. on lhn mats three or
four days more. They are then placed in
shallow wooden Uixt j with handles
and are iu this way removed fofhe dry
ing room. Here lin y are nrrapged on
frames (Fig. i of which there ;u'i sev
eral tiers, ami are Mxd to a free cir
dilation of air, rcgulaicd by swinging
chuthis. Tlesc window ;nv not glazed,
but truly j .ml ected by line wire gauze
1-, kc: p e'ut llic.-, and :i Oio direction of
the wind vaihs so the shuttuu aro
msim.
opened or closed fully or partially in
such a manner as to direct tho air cur
cuts over or under tho cheeses lying on
tho lathed frames, through which tho
air has cemipleto access to tho cIim-M'.s.
Hero they remain 2 to days, accord
ing to tho weatln r.
They am t In u removed on large, mov
able shelves to tin! curing cellar, wheiH
tho circulation of air is much increase -el
by tV inan:igenic: of win. lows similar
to t!.o. o pi ,'iou.dy dive-riU'tl and the
shutters lirl. d to them. At this time
th" fcrnu in. '.
in tho chees" br gins to
ure, or, as it is said,
nwoat (sueri,
'N which gathers on
... - the surface of the
. J cheese. At this
throw oT i.
stage i no eneeses
aro removed to
the finishing cel
lar, in which tho
IKi
III ITMSIIKH
( lll'.Ksr
windows aro glazed and protected by
inside blinds. Jn this place tho cheeses
remain a month or h ss. as tint ripening
may progress slowly or rapidly. During
this time they are turned once in AH
hours. Tliis constant turning is a spe
cial process for the fullest exposure of
tho cheeses to th'4 air and is practiced
all through the curing, gradually in
creasing tho time of the turnings if the
ripenings may be proceeding tooquk kly.
At the end of this term the cheese's
aro complete Fig. and are packed for
sale, wrappid in paper and gathered iu
boxes in packages also wrapped in pa
per. They are then packed iu wicker
baskets and are sent to market. They
now weigh about eiyht ounces and sell
for to b cents each. Th" fine-t se
lected cheeses are sent to sp-. eial cus
tomers, who pay one-fourth more. Tho
prices vary as the season or the demand
ami supply, but usually t In y runain
about the saiuo for ve.ar.i.
It may he ea.-ily .-uppu- tlr.it such
a desirable cheese v, o-:!d bo imitated iu
a cheaper form awl sold at a le-s price.
This is the fact: but, on .".count of tho
strict way the French governiw nt has
of controlling such things, tin- imita
tion j s,,,i j,,r what it really is, as
I'roiuago la -on ( 'ain-mh 'i t, which of
Course llo"-; 1 . r deceive the MUeJiasi V 111
any way. They do, howivcr, to somi
extent luteifero witii the ale of the
liner real cheeses. Montreal Herald.
Ilnr Not ti Water 'w.
I visitetl a dairy last winter where
everything that money could buy was
fount I in tho bams. The Hock was being
cared fur by all the so called latest im
proved mi t hods, except that t lay Were
fasti ned with stanchions. Dt tweeii each
two cows was an iron tank with water,
so arranged that when drunk down to a
certain point a floating valve would re
till it, and, as the gentleman said,
"There is always wafer iu reach of ev
ery cow.'' I suit lied of the Water Us it
stood in th" buckets or tanks and re
quested hiu, to do tin? same and asked
him if he thought water that hail such
a stable odor was much better for mak
ing pure milk or th" keeping of animals
healthy than that standing in pools in
his barnyard. A few weeks after my
visit to his farm I read the account of
more than two-thirds of his dairy being
slaughtered, awl all found on examina
tion to b badly affected with tubercu
losis. II. j. .Muttesoji in Hoard's
Dairyman.
Coolly Timothy I lay .
One of the most costly products a
dairyman can feed is No. 1 timothy
hay. It is far cheaper to sell such hay
and buy grain with tho money, though
such a plan would bo considered worse
than heresy by many fanners. We uso
hay to supply "roughage." No one who
has ever studied the matter believes
that timothy is a cheap source of pro
tein. The "roughage" can bo supplied
very much cheaper iu the form of ensi
lage, cornstalks, oats and ptas and clo
ver hay, while with tho latter a largo
quantity of actual nutriment is also
obtaimtl. It is little short of folly in
these times for a dairy farmer to do
anything with his fust ( lass hay but
pell it. Cpr. llural New Yorker.
Dniry nml raiuory.
Kee ping potatoes in t lie dairy cellar
makes blue mill;, it is said. Tho causa
Js, of course, bacteria.
Do not keep meat, vegetables or any
thing flse in tho same room with milk,
but if you must do it haye them so care
fully covered up that microbes from
them cannot infect tho milk. A baby
cannot take whooping cough half so
easily as milk "catche" overythiug
that it oughtn't to.
If you want to kill horns iu tho bud.
clip the hair from the soft bulbous place
where) they aro to grow out, dampeii it
and then rub it with stick potash. Ho
careful not to let any of the fctuff ruu
into tho calf's eyes or face1,
Tho Oregon experiment station gives
tho following directirnu for brining but
ter: Take a pound of granulated sugar,
a tablcspoonful of saltpeter awl 8 gal
Ions of brine Mrong enough to bear an
egg. iJoil the brino and strain when
cool. The butter tdionld be wrapped in
cloth before placing in the brine.
Homo of tho churns in use in Enropo
WQirld seem very ridiculous to Amend
pans. Hero wo want to do everything in
a hnrrr and cu a large scale. But in
Kuropewhat is regarded on the most do
licions butter of all is that which is
churned from a small quantity of cream
and made into pats and eaten inimedi-
atclv. There are churns or machines
small enough to hold not more than a
quart prpint of cream. The cream from
a quart of milk maybe skimmed oil and
made into a pat pf butter largo enough
to cprcad on about one slice ox bread.
This infinitesimal butter making is fash
ionable in some quarters in high life.
Nothing is letter for sore teats than
rubbing them well with vaseline.
"Wlici! silage is fed ill summer, every
particle of it left over must bo removed
from tho trough each time, or it will
upeiil and taint the fresh when it is put
iu.
Mixing foal air with milk ii not
aerating it.
loiiinviN'S
BUSINESS COLLEGE
Bay City, Mich.
'1 here are in any just t cood nut none
U tter, eiur term arc lower thouj,'ii. Send
for iiih'o ue. SM ly
Bert Woodward
9
Mnkes 11HU8 on first-class Heal E6t:'to
Draws Pupcm relating to Keal bbtuto
Looks after property for non-resident own
ers
Has property lor sale or exchange in every
part ol tho country
fjlAKE your Blacksmith work to the
Wright House
loot
ALL WORK GUARANTEED.
special attention given to IIonehciLf.
DENNIS REGAN, Prop
L
Gee,
U. 8, Pension Jutorneij
Justice of the Peace
Insurance and Collections
Prosecutes all claims against the
(tovernment rejected and suspended.
Claims reopened and succesfulh prose
cuted. I have all the rulings of the
department as fast as issued.
CJive your business to an old soldier
that is right hero where you can see
oul talk to him. If you want advice
come and see me.
No fees unless successful.
Otlice over Vermeuleu'a Grocery,
lma, Mich.
and General
Tire Setting and Repairing.
I' lritt ( lasH wnrlc done and
satisfaction guaranteed .
Chae. Flshbeck.
Detroit
Tribune
Price Reduced
-TO-
75 Canto a Yoar.
Unsurpassed as a Newspaper.
Unrivaled in Popular Interest.
Soundly Republican. . . .
An Agent wanted In tvery
Township in Michigan, to
whom liberal terms will be
giren.
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from opiRtcs. 100 full stzo dosca, JWcentn.
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(Mich.) Sh vlmra Hank, saya he cannot aav too
much in favor or "Adlronda," Wheeler's Heart
and Nerve Cure.
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r.blo rncatbly regulating
medtctoo. 1
Dr. PEAL'S
PENNYROYAL PILLS,
Are rrompt, nfe nn1 certain In riatu Tb scn
Ino i Or. I Vut'm never rtisappMnt. Bnt sjut W6n
t t.CO, 1041 Mwlictas U,., t'io VU0d,ii
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Real Estate Broker
Shop
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