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T. A. Ely T0II3 of the First Settle ment In Alma. AW shall, from time to time, publish sketches of the early history of Alma, the facts for which will bo obtained from the pioneers who have watched its powth. This week wo an indebted to T. A. Kly for the material for the pres ent article. The family of (Jen. Kalph Kly came to Alma from bnia county in April, is.) I, and was the first family to form a permanent settlement hen, locating on the north si.le of the river, almost exact ly where Tinker A: Lancashire's otllce now stands. There were settlements at Ithaca and St. Louis, hut from the Hur Krss homestead near St. Louis it was necessary t cut a road to this place. After tin y had been here about three we ks. land okers began to come. A man named Todd, was the second settler here. locating and building a log house oil the spot where the Union school building now stands, .lames Kress set tled here that sumint r. and also Kniery Adams, who located on the farm, where Adam- now ivides. N.iMvmer liad the sturdy pioneers built for theihM Ives rude log homes and provided shelter for their stock than they took steps to start a school. A part of the hou-e built and occupied by Ceiieral lily was s, t apart for a school room. The tirst teaelier was Martha Cole, a uau'jlitt t of Lemuel Cole, and here wen gathered the children of these hardy sous .f toil, and here was laid the foundation of our excellent school sys tem, of which II. ('. Kly, a grand son of the tirst s. til. v in Alma, is the capable superintendent. The time . t the settlers was entirely dev. .ted to clearing the land, building log hou-e and barns and locating new settlers, a few of whom came in the fall and early w inter. There was not much rel -ixation fn.m liard labor, but occasion ally hunting, li.-hing and boating parties we're formed, and men. women and children took a "day off" and enjoyed them.- 1 - a- only hard working men ami w one 11 an. w hen freed from the const;. nt sirain of unremitting toil. Duiim.r this tir-t seas n (Jen. Ely cleared ;,h a;f ten acres of land -lying w est and no: lii of Tinker c: Lancashire's mill. The tiisi winter a saw mill was built, owned by Mesrs. lhrdand Wilkinson, (on Kly bail! the mill, afterwards taking one-half int rest in the same for his pay. During the iht winter so many came looking for land, that it was impossible at times to provide accommodation for them. A- many as :iu and o have slept on carp' t - on tin- floor of (Jen. Ely's home in one night, with blankets and furs for covering. During the summer of is:,.",, the county settled rapiuly. .Mm (ilover, Samuel Keeter. i 1 f a yet t " v "lunch . Oscar Morse, Dr. ( litl'ord. t leorge Spicer, and a man named l'loie'.n r. and the Corters, John and iiis latin r. settled here, and also a man name. I Kunyon, who located on wh.it is know n a the Wright farm, ami made a -nut many improvements dur ing the lir-t year. This yeitr was built the tirst school lioue. It w.i-lo-ated where the Wright House now stands, and the same build ing is now used by Caldwell tV Clark as a blacksmith iop. The school was taught by Theodore Nels n, who was afterwards, and until the day of his death, interested actively in the moral, educational and material welfare of the new settlement '-on the Pine." The lust religious service in Alma was held at the residence of (Jen. Kly, conducted by a Universalist minister named Todd. A Baptist preacher named Kay sometimes held service in this bosp.tial home. After the school house was built . it was used as a "meeting" hous" "circuit" riders" and "exhorters" conducting the services. CoiIi'kq Note3. The junior Exhibition occurs next Tuesday . iiiug. President Druskc preach in Battle ('reek List Sunday. llichard sddebotham preached in the Presbyterian church in Munger last Sunday. Miss Ellsworth. Kindergarten depart ment, has returned to her home in Mar- lett, for a few Weeks' rest. Birdsey Bates, while at work in the "gym" Tii"-day. fell with considerable force, striking on his back, straining himself severely. It not several of the young gentlemen U.I cents to spring a "joke" on Presi dent Bruske. and then the "joke" re coiled 011 their ow n heads. The 1'ro bel Society gave a reception to the seniors hist Monday evening. Work illustrative of the work of the Kindergart'-u was shown, toasts given, and a very excellent address by Miss Adams. 1 Mi- Inglass. at one time the teacher of M dcrn la i;e u iges in the college, has presented tli" Alpha Tlnta society a fine poi trait, handsomely framed, of Joan of Arc. Th pi'-t ur. was given in honor of the la'e Mrs. Kply. A in' ' tin.: of K Athletic association was )u Id Wed p'-day afternoon. Prof. C. A. I ..v is -is e,.eted manager of the bae ball teio.i and E. C. Marsh track manager. K. '. Marsh and K. P. Brooks wcr" app nut d .1 'ommittee to arrange for an entertainment to be given for th benefit of the Association. School Notes Miss Mae Sargent U on the sick list. Silence reigns supremo in the. high school room. The Physics class has commenced the study of electricity. We are all glad that the forced v;u a tion of Mr. Ely is at an end, and that he is with us again. The high school hoys are about to complete arrangements with the Ithaca high school boys, for a field day contest between the two schools. Our new Preceptress, Miss Stepanek, is a lover of quiet and order. She gov erns in a way that commands olnilience and respect. We all understand what the gentle tap, tap, of her pencil means. One of the young ladies in the chem istry class bathed her arm in nitric acid the other day. The experiment was out of the regular line and caused a great deal of excitement and comment. Tho object of the experiment has not been made known. Religious Notes. METHODIST. Morning, "What is man," evening, "Christ and the repentant thief on the cross." All an invited. BAPTIST. Hev. A. II. Beaver, morning and evening. All are invited. PRESBYTERIAN. Morning subject, The Macedonian cry. Evening subject. What is faith? The fourth of the series. All are invited, as this is a very practical topic. Y. P. S. C. E. Mertha Peters, leader. B. Y. P. U. Emma Carpenter, leader. EPWORTU LEAGUE. Nettie (ireig, leader. For 1R Tfanded Musician. Violins nr adapted for the uso of loft handed plajcrs by reversing t ho order of the strings and tho location of tho husj bar mid sounding post. Sume left hand ed violinists, however, play upon instru ments with the strings arranged in the Usual manner. There arc no left handed pianos. Gui tars aie made left handed simply by re wrsintlu. strings. With the banjo it is tHvi's.iry also to change the form of tin: tack on aciunnt of the short string. Left Landed tint' s are m ide. the location of tht Levi. oles and keys Oeing changed to t be opposite sit,.' ef the llute There are made lei! I.undtu cornet, and occasionally u larger bras instrument, which are so eon stnic'ci! as to briii; the pistons as con venient to t be play. r as they are to tar right handed player in the instrument a ordinarily made. The proportion of musical instrument inaiU left ha.id d is ext reuii ly small, very much less tha.n 1 1 ercent New York an John i:uM and III-4 Pill. Between (.."li'i.onc and T,(mi).OUO pills oi me kind or mother are estimated to Ik dailv consumed 11. the foiled Kingdom The tt iin.it 1 s are based on t he act 11. d daily a!e- 1 y d.M, 'gists of ordinary pills, pre f-cvipt i. u pilis and patent medicine pills The average f iIkm' estimates, which '.line in In 111 all pails of the country, -hewed that the daily coiisiin.pt ion wa.- ei:sid. ! ably over .'..)' i 1. 01 10. which woiih: Lrivi one pill per wceu to every man. wniu 'in and child of the population 'l:ikin,: he avi-rc'c pill to weigh three grams tin. Mar's siippl; for the I'nitcd Kingdom would utic. not Ies than lT.s t 1 1 s . oj ii' 'iigh te fill .!' ordinary wa-runs, aiu' ni.il.in' . 1 t rain!. n! v. hick would rcquiri v.' powcrlut id .riiics to pull. Louder Standard (i!iilfow and the TVhrt Clerk Here i an anectlote of the late Lord .ila-gow l lordsliip was traveling by rail and tendered a "liver' to the huoki:: MerU for a t vlo t to (Jla-gow "i'lit your name on it." said the youth And Lord (il.is.-nw indorsed it a re quested and handed the note back. Here' Hi. you old idiot!" cried the :lerk "I want to know who juu are, and not where you're going to." He dare nm print Lord (jlasgow's reply. Pearson's Weeklv -At tlir I,iimlifiK, ?he It takes two hours to d'k "in xcan stean.ir. Hi' .'.iv My bos can dock me 111 Iff nlioite- Detroit i'ree Press. Thelh iiish census report says that IT all the houses in Kngland were p hired side by side 1 hey would rover a spacu of 4bO sjuare smiles. Arcou)llliel Over tho shop of i barber in iho !;!( ot Man who supplies his eutoinpr- with ab kinds of (ishing ta. klr ina !e read Pis catorial Itepository.. Teii-on.d Artist Physiognomical H.drvlri'ser. Cranium Manipulator Capilkuv Abndger, Shav 'in and J I air Tutting with Anitddextrou. Pi. ility halllploil)g on Philolojfica. Principles." EnRtiftli Charchea. The English people have n dorp peatcu love for their old churches and cathedral, rtiul they spend money lavishly for their preservation. In tho hist 'JO years not loss than 10.000,000 has been expended In the restoration of these edifices, and this dovg Dot Inch, do any sum below JL'alio. In London alone JLSoo.Ono has been thus spent. Iu addition JL(.,uoo,0oO has been devoted in the country at largo to the erec tion of new churches. Another notable fact la that most of the money raised for theso purposes has been derived from pri vate gifts Loudon Letter. With EtuphaaU. Neighbor Bertie, your mother It call ing you. Bertie Yrs'um, I know it, but I face? the don't want me very had Neighbor sfha ha called you feveu limes already. Bertie Yes, I know, but she hasn't called "Albert' yet American Hebrew. To criticise was orlglnilly to pass nn opinion upon, whether favorahlo or other wise and the fact that most opinions are unfavorable Is Indicated lu tin? present fdgiiilkatk'U c f the word Wo have more power than will, and it is often by way of ejeuse to enjr 'ves that wo fancy iLliijjs are lirupobkiUe. Koche toucuuld. MELONS FROM DUST. ONLY FRUIT THAT WILL GROW IN THB STAKED PLAINS. Large and Juicy Watcrno-loim I'rodured n the 'Grrat Aiurrit-au l)- rt," Where It Never Italua A 1'artUl Kxulaitatloa of thm Mratery. When u Kt ranger visits tliesn ''staked plains" of Texas, he soon learns not to be Hirprisod at anything he sees, lie has heard of this region all his life as a portion of tho"(ireat American desert" ami one of the driest parts of the world. Mellndsby actual ohservat ion t hat few crops will grow here on account of the dryness. It seems to he too dry for corn, wheat, oats, cotton, garden vegetables or fruit of any descrip tion. The few farmers in the country cou tont themselves with raising hay or sor ghum cane. Yet, strange to relate, there is one plant in whoso favor nature chooses to make an exception. She serins to havo made a law forbidding food plants to grow In this region and theu arbitrarily to havo nuspended this law In one instance. To heighten the audacity of this move on her part she Been 1. s to have racked her brain for the vegetable growth which wo would least expect to find here. Tho one she se lected was tho watermelon. Every farmer's hoy knows that ordinari ly the watermelon requires a great deal of moisture beforo it will grow well. It also generally requires shade. In the cast tho watermelon patch is frequent ly in some col or moist corner of thecorntield, whero tho growing vines will soon be overshad owed by the stalks of corn. This is not merely for tho benefit of such neighboring boya as may dcslro to eat watermelons without disturbing the general public, but it is also for tho hencilt of tho melons them selves. Boys accustomed to look for melons in luch places as t hat would bo surprised to find them in this country lying out on tho open prairie, whero tho hot sun glares down on them all day long, with never a cloud to interpose and never a tree or a bush for shade as far as the rye ran reach. Sometimes not a drop of rain falls from the time the seed is planted in tho spring until the melon is oaten in the early sum mer. Yet they thrive. And such melons as there aro too! Long, Blender oik s and big round ones; light green ones, dark preen ones and striped ones and all pon derous, big fellows To come some morn ing about sunrise, while it is yet cool, and Bee a vast stretch of such fruit nestling down amid tho short, curly mosquito gra- s on some 40 or hO acres of land i enough to make a white man's mouth water like that of a horso in a Held of new clover and to make a black loan .drop d ad in his tracks from derangement of the heart functions. This is nothing, though, com pared to coming to such a patch about doou, when tho vertical rays of the sun aro pouring down at their t. rce.-t and when your throat is parched wi:h a thivst that is llercer still. At such a t imo as t his you slip your left arm through the bridle rein of your tired pony, lift Fome long, Btriped melon with both hands, drop it and allow it to break in some half a dozen pieee.s. Then you gulp down gn at mouth fuls of tho juicy, watery, red pulp and for get that there is not a river or creek or spring or drop of surface water of any kind for 3o miles around. Then you pause for a moment and think of tho wonderful power that ran enable t he small vine to find bo much water in so dry a land. Then you break one or two especially big, juicy melons for tho benefit of your pony, who has already been smiling at them a little impatiently. If you neglect either this thought or this deed, you are a meaner brute than this same pony which is say ing a great deal. Tho method of cultivating watermelons on tho staked plains is comparatively sim pl. In consists in making a small hole In the ground and dropping a seed into it. After this tho training of the melon is left to tho melon itself. In some places you find what aro known as wild watermelons, but it i commonly believed that these come up whero tame melons have brm thrown away, and their seeds have found a chance lodgment in the soil of the prai rie. It is easy to find a partial explanation as to how tho melons subsist, in such a dry region. Tho explanat ion involves an un derstanding of tho water supply on tho plains, which in itself is a remarkable matter. Dry as this country is. one can find water anywhere in it by digging about 60 feet for it. By boring a holo to that depth and Inserting a two inch pipe one obtains a water supply which it is impos sible to exhaust. It seems that a vast sheet of water underlies this whole region. This sheet of water is evidently considera bly higher than tho level of the country just south and cast of tho staked plains The plains praper begin with Polo Duva Canyon, where rocky hlulTs suddenly rise, precipitously to tho height of from K'n to 00 feet. The level of tho vast sheet of subterranean water referred to is evident ly from 70 to 150 feet higher than this adja cent country, and why tho water does not run out is a mystery. Some peculiar fop xnatlon of rocks like the rim of a wa.hba sin must account for it. This water is clear and cool, and it is as good for all purposes as any in tho world. Many peo ple who have studied tho matter believe that by using windmills to draw this wa ter to tho surface for purposes of irrigation the wholo problem of agriculture in this arid country can eventually bo solved. There are several reasons why tho "Pan handle" of Texas has not attracted any moro attention than it has in tho water melon markets of tho world. To begin with, the only railroad passing through tho country is the Fort Worth and Denver. Many carloads of melons uro shipped over this lino every season to Denver, but they aro all consumed in tho Bocky mountain region, and hence attract little or no at tention in the east. Then, again, tho aver age Panhandler openly disregards the Scriptural injunction about not despising the day of small things. Unless he can market 10 or Id carloads ho thinks it is too small a matter to bo fooling with, lie Is generally a stockralser ami considers anything of an agricultural nature as a trlllo below his dignity anyway, especially unites it is on a very largo scale. Aluaril lo (Tex.) Cor. Now York Tribune. llrr ltelirf. MIm Sweetslxtecn Do you believe In tbo nlnglo tax? Miss I'assee Knipbatlcnlly. I behevo Bfer bachelor hnuld bo taxed ko heavily tltHt ho would have to marry in self do. fcuso. Hrooklyn Kagle. The Merrllm lmliila Frr. "Miss Passe Indulged in Mmiewbat with ering Biirc.'.siu when sho was talking of yoj." "It In her iirlvllec. poor tblntf Hie li oiuowhat withcriut: bxrtlf " Indian apolia Journal. The PI Hi 1 9 Kg Up-to-Dafe" doing and lodel loe House Style, Quality, Fit and Workmanship at Lowest Prices. WE HAVE THEM ALL. Men's and Boys' Suits Men's and Boys' Pants Men's and Boys' Mackintoshes Shirts, Hats, Caps, Nobby Neckwear Trunks and Valises Everything guaranteed as represented at F. E. POLLASKY'S. MARKET REPORT. wtit'Ht.. white.. .., v heat, reil . Oats . Kye Corn, old car Corn, she' ltd Potatoes IteaiiH Apples per bu ('lover iSoed lOitter Eyvs Honey ( inioim. per bu. . . . Ureen Hides All last winter Mr. Ceo. A. MilN. of Lebanon. Conn., a badly afHicted with rheumatism. At times it was so severe that he could not stand up straight, but was drawn over on one side. "I tried dillereiit reiuedies with out receiving relief," lie says, "until about six months ago I bought a bottle of Chamberlain's Pain Kilni. After usin for three days my rheumatism was gone and has not returned since. For sale by C. K. Mahan, druggist. HE SOARED DOWN. The Sntioii of n "M;ui Who Fell Wit an I l';tr. "Did you ever f:i!l down an elevator flial't!"" asked n traveling man. The Di iat h 11: an confos-ed that be had been de nied tiiis experience, and his interrogator continued: "Well, I have, and I toll you it's one of tho greatest sensations 0110 can Imagine. I've always been a fellow that had a fear l" falling, and I ued to get di.y whenever I went on monuments or any high places, but now I can't get any thing too high for me. "I was up in Portland, Or., once nnd Stopped at a good hotel that K tho price werotho regular thing, and I looked for comfort ami had no desire to walk up three llights of stairs. I was on the fourth floor, and when I started to up stair tho porter paid. ' Vo' bettah not pull dat rope, bos-, fob dat yelevatoh's bruk, audde la man what monkeyed wid it i In de 'mergeiicy wawd now.' I listened to him, but when I came to tho hotel that night I was dead tired, and. to tell tho truth, I had been surveying tho town casually and Wa foi ling what the boy call 'good.' I got on the elevator and pulled tho rope. You've been on fast elevators maybe, but you weren't ever on anything likothi. Vhy, we hit the roof in u second, and I wa thrown down on the floor of tho ele vator and almost stunned. I picked my Klf up and tried to run It down, but It wouldn't budge. The people in tho hotel beard tbo racket, and tho porter who had warned mo came to the floor below and shouted to mo to keep still, and ho would tlx tilings. You mc, I wa away up there jvhere the elevator isn't made to go, and I Co'ildn t open the d.mr t p't out. The porter to-id. ' H'ist do rope; don't pull too It aril.' I did it bo directed, und niddenly something let go, and wo went down. Do you know, I never had Mich feeling in my existence. It seemed as if I bad discovered tho way to Ily and win foaring along in the cloud. I had no fear, and even wondered how tho bump Would go lint it wa a-i if I were home body else, and It nought it was an hour before I struck the bottom. When I came to. I was in my 1 in. with about f0 peo- ile around, and I could bear somebody fax In-.'. sm o if the fall stopped hi watch.' In an hour I was en my feet, and Iho doe tor .said I was all l ight. When I get on an c!ev.,: :, I mver monkey vvih the work Lu"v.''-Coluinbu Ditnatoii. Rkht Place TO BUY YOUR AM H a ( IS AT THE: AM: BUILT TO MI)r-;. Strictly High Grade in Every Particular. The Phoenix Racer WEIGHT, 19 POUNDS. YOUR CHOICE OF------ three sizes. , and .'' in. frames, finished in either maroon or black : four styles of tires: four styles of handle bars : three styles of saddles : twostvlesof pedals; weight from lit II, to 'J J II.. The Ladies' Phoenix is the s ame as the ( lent s Win el with the exception of the did'eienco iu frame. CARIS BROWN, Agent. gTiSFmKH'i.'t sample wheel April 1st. I)i:nlATK l IK It : State of Michimn (Hint)' of Gratiot, p. At a netsien ot tlo ProhMto oiitt lorcrtld county itt-M Ht the ProhHtp Office in ' ho viiloeot It limn on the '.th iIh - of Mnreti In the jar one th ni hv oitfht huii'lred nnd nlnoty-to v PreMiit. Jdhr V Kvonlen, Juiveof Probate. In the tuatt- of tho estate ol Willi K. Wolfe, de ceased. (01 rcHditiv and tllinir trie t t it i u. duly verirU-d. of Oavid N WoUe. pra lnr that an lelnuniHtrator ho appointed of me eel ate of n nil deceased, and that adiiilnitratioii thereof he ttranttd to I octor Mac Wolto, or hoi no other suitable person Thereupon it I ordered that Monday. th th day of April next, at ten o'eloek In the foienoon, t o aiirfied tor the hcarl"K nald petition and that the heirn-at law of aid dee HHod. and all 01 lo r persons interested In said state, are r 'nre to aepear at a se.)(1r or ald court then t he holden In he Probate Olticeln the villauent Ittmea hi d i-hv cause if nnv there he. w by Iti prajer ot the petition! r should not yran id: and it is limber or 'ete!l. tht said petitioner nlc rot ice to the M Isoiik inter! Meil III t-Hld I hlHl , f the pi t deiie of said pt tlilon. and tin h ant v Me eel y 1 ausuor a copy ot lhn erect to be pubii- hc1 11 th Ab Km .ho. a new ap r pi in ted hi d tirciilated in (-aid lounty thiec Hiicicudve wet k previoiiH to fatd lay nt h arlnt. (A true e py.) Jen N M mhh.n. seaI-1 sss4w Judve of l'rebatc. 1I(()M.1K NOT ( K:-State d Mith ifan. outtyol tirmiot, m Nniie l hi r b vuen. thnt ttn tlnal .ajtitid I 011.01. tor. tho aduiiritetrat' r of ttieictan- of Mary Ann HopLlfiS. late f Cr-tiet oui.ty, Miebtvan. de t HN.it. will he fiov!-dhr tne at the 1'ieha'e Ollico. in th- lllawe of Ittotca. in said county, 11 Monday, tho PU'i day of April next, at ten o'clock a m of said day rjatecl Iitma. ttih m. A. U . i - John M. 1:vkkdK. S;j-4 Judge of l'rvbate. mm )) I o Jo ?i)3.vw ,,, . . , U.i - -! POOH J1UU y 1 W here you can get just n hut you want, Shoes and Hosier) for you all. . u Have You Had the Grip? If you have, you probably need a reli able medicine like Foley's Honey and Tar to heal your lungs and stop the racking cough incidental f" this disease. C. F. M H . R. D. LEMEN. Insurance Agency. Firt, Tornado, A rui. i.t oid Livi-stt,(k I oho rnnce written 'ii tin- l d fiimaiitt'P. Tun vi-yanciii k' loiif with iicktiJi-ee nuii diinu tt. Notflrv Puhllo Horse Collars. r ' ' i. x '"I- , ' w.-'ij'v.-tJ,-' Don't ask your boise to work in a poor, ill-sliaped Collar. Mordeii lias a large :ici imcnt on hand at low prices. Large Collais cut down to lii our horses. Yoius, C3. JIOKDliN It Speak Volumes When we say that our trade i keeping up to the average t'lea dm g thi t dull season. Our practict! of giving absolut'! values for every dollar tpont it our store, encourages people t buy and insures them fair treat ll.etit. When ii. m t d of Drue- Tab nt Mi dicim s, Toilet Articles or anvthii g in the Ding line.cal on G. MEYER, I he Keliabli' Dingisi. Klwell. cn nut J fir ttuJiiiitai ust.