T. A. Ely T0II3 of the First Settle
ment In Alma.
AW shall, from time to time, publish
sketches of the early history of Alma,
the facts for which will bo obtained from
the pioneers who have watched its
powth. This week wo an indebted to
T. A. Kly for the material for the pres
The family of (Jen. Kalph Kly came
to Alma from bnia county in April,
is.) I, and was the first family to form a
permanent settlement hen, locating on
the north si.le of the river, almost exact
ly where Tinker A: Lancashire's otllce
now stands. There were settlements at
Ithaca and St. Louis, hut from the Hur
Krss homestead near St. Louis it was
necessary t cut a road to this place.
After tin y had been here about three
we ks. land okers began to come. A
man named Todd, was the second settler
here. locating and building a log house
oil the spot where the Union school
building now stands, .lames Kress set
tled here that sumint r. and also Kniery
Adams, who located on the farm, where
Adam- now ivides.
N.iMvmer liad the sturdy pioneers
built for theihM Ives rude log homes and
provided shelter for their stock than
they took steps to start a school. A
part of the hou-e built and occupied by
Ceiieral lily was s, t apart for a school
room. The tirst teaelier was Martha
Cole, a uau'jlitt t of Lemuel Cole, and
here wen gathered the children of these
hardy sous .f toil, and here was laid the
foundation of our excellent school sys
tem, of which II. ('. Kly, a grand son of
the tirst s. til. v in Alma, is the capable
The time . t the settlers was entirely
dev. .ted to clearing the land, building
log hou-e and barns and locating new
settlers, a few of whom came in the fall
and early w inter. There was not much
rel -ixation fn.m liard labor, but occasion
ally hunting, li.-hing and boating parties
we're formed, and men. women and
children took a "day off" and enjoyed
them.- 1 - a- only hard working men
ami w one 11 an. w hen freed from the
const;. nt sirain of unremitting toil.
Duiim.r this tir-t seas n (Jen. Ely
cleared ;,h a;f ten acres of land -lying
w est and no: lii of Tinker c: Lancashire's
The tiisi winter a saw mill was built,
owned by Mesrs. lhrdand Wilkinson,
(on Kly bail! the mill, afterwards
taking one-half int rest in the same for
During the iht winter so many came
looking for land, that it was impossible
at times to provide accommodation for
them. A- many as :iu and o have slept
on carp' t - on tin- floor of (Jen. Ely's
home in one night, with blankets and
furs for covering.
During the summer of is:,.",, the county
settled rapiuly. .Mm (ilover, Samuel
Keeter. i 1 f a yet t " v "lunch . Oscar Morse,
Dr. ( litl'ord. t leorge Spicer, and a man
named l'loie'.n r. and the Corters, John
and iiis latin r. settled here, and also a
man name. I Kunyon, who located on
wh.it is know n a the Wright farm, ami
made a -nut many improvements dur
ing the lir-t year.
This yeitr was built the tirst school
lioue. It w.i-lo-ated where the Wright
House now stands, and the same build
ing is now used by Caldwell tV Clark as
a blacksmith iop. The school was
taught by Theodore Nels n, who was
afterwards, and until the day of his
death, interested actively in the moral,
educational and material welfare of the
new settlement '-on the Pine."
The lust religious service in Alma
was held at the residence of (Jen. Kly,
conducted by a Universalist minister
named Todd. A Baptist preacher
named Kay sometimes held service in this
bosp.tial home. After the school house
was built . it was used as a "meeting"
hous" "circuit" riders" and "exhorters"
conducting the services.
The junior Exhibition occurs next
Tuesday . iiiug.
President Druskc preach in Battle
('reek List Sunday.
llichard sddebotham preached in the
Presbyterian church in Munger last
Miss Ellsworth. Kindergarten depart
ment, has returned to her home in Mar-
lett, for a few Weeks' rest.
Birdsey Bates, while at work in the
"gym" Tii"-day. fell with considerable
force, striking on his back, straining
It not several of the young gentlemen
U.I cents to spring a "joke" on Presi
dent Bruske. and then the "joke" re
coiled 011 their ow n heads.
The 1'ro bel Society gave a reception
to the seniors hist Monday evening.
Work illustrative of the work of the
Kindergart'-u was shown, toasts given,
and a very excellent address by Miss
Mi- Inglass. at one time the teacher
of M dcrn la i;e u iges in the college, has
presented tli" Alpha Tlnta society a fine
poi trait, handsomely framed, of Joan of
Arc. Th pi'-t ur. was given in honor
of the la'e Mrs. Kply.
A in' ' tin.: of K Athletic association
was )u Id Wed p'-day afternoon. Prof.
C. A. I ..v is -is e,.eted manager of the
bae ball teio.i and E. C. Marsh track
manager. K. '. Marsh and K. P. Brooks
wcr" app nut d .1 'ommittee to arrange
for an entertainment to be given for th
benefit of the Association.
Miss Mae Sargent U on the sick list.
Silence reigns supremo in the. high
The Physics class has commenced
the study of electricity.
We are all glad that the forced v;u a
tion of Mr. Ely is at an end, and that
he is with us again.
The high school hoys are about to
complete arrangements with the Ithaca
high school boys, for a field day contest
between the two schools.
Our new Preceptress, Miss Stepanek,
is a lover of quiet and order. She gov
erns in a way that commands olnilience
and respect. We all understand what
the gentle tap, tap, of her pencil means.
One of the young ladies in the chem
istry class bathed her arm in nitric acid
the other day. The experiment was out
of the regular line and caused a great
deal of excitement and comment. Tho
object of the experiment has not been
Morning, "What is man," evening,
"Christ and the repentant thief on the
cross." All an invited.
Hev. A. II. Beaver, morning and
evening. All are invited.
Morning subject, The Macedonian cry.
Evening subject. What is faith? The
fourth of the series. All are invited, as
this is a very practical topic.
Y. P. S. C. E.
Mertha Peters, leader.
B. Y. P. U.
Emma Carpenter, leader.
Nettie (ireig, leader.
For 1R Tfanded Musician.
Violins nr adapted for the uso of loft
handed plajcrs by reversing t ho order of
the strings and tho location of tho husj
bar mid sounding post. Sume left hand
ed violinists, however, play upon instru
ments with the strings arranged in the
There arc no left handed pianos. Gui
tars aie made left handed simply by re
wrsintlu. strings. With the banjo it is
tHvi's.iry also to change the form of tin:
tack on aciunnt of the short string. Left
Landed tint' s are m ide. the location of tht
Levi. oles and keys Oeing changed to t be
opposite sit,.' ef the llute There are made
lei! I.undtu cornet, and occasionally u
larger bras instrument, which are so eon
stnic'ci! as to briii; the pistons as con
venient to t be play. r as they are to tar
right handed player in the instrument a
The proportion of musical instrument
inaiU left ha.id d is ext reuii ly small, very
much less tha.n 1 1 ercent New York an
John i:uM and III-4 Pill.
Between (.."li'i.onc and T,(mi).OUO pills oi
me kind or mother are estimated to Ik
dailv consumed 11. the foiled Kingdom
The tt iin.it 1 s are based on t he act 11. d daily
a!e- 1 y d.M, 'gists of ordinary pills, pre
f-cvipt i. u pilis and patent medicine pills
The average f iIkm' estimates, which
'.line in In 111 all pails of the country,
-hewed that the daily coiisiin.pt ion wa.-
ei:sid. ! ably over .'..)' i 1. 01 10. which woiih:
Lrivi one pill per wceu to every man. wniu
'in and child of the population 'l:ikin,:
he avi-rc'c pill to weigh three grams tin.
Mar's siippl; for the I'nitcd Kingdom
would utic. not Ies than lT.s t 1 1 s . oj
ii' 'iigh te fill .!' ordinary wa-runs, aiu'
ni.il.in' . 1 t rain!. n! v. hick would rcquiri
v.' powcrlut id .riiics to pull. Louder
(i!iilfow and the TVhrt Clerk
Here i an anectlote of the late Lord
.ila-gow l lordsliip was traveling by
rail and tendered a "liver' to the huoki::
MerU for a t vlo t to (Jla-gow
"i'lit your name on it." said the youth
And Lord (il.is.-nw indorsed it a re
quested and handed the note back.
Here' Hi. you old idiot!" cried the
:lerk "I want to know who juu are, and
not where you're going to."
He dare nm print Lord (jlasgow's reply.
-At tlir I,iimlifiK,
?he It takes two hours to d'k "in
Hi' .'.iv My bos can dock me 111 Iff
nlioite- Detroit i'ree Press.
Thelh iiish census report says that IT
all the houses in Kngland were p hired side
by side 1 hey would rover a spacu of 4bO
Over tho shop of i barber in iho !;!( ot
Man who supplies his eutoinpr- with ab
kinds of (ishing ta. klr ina !e read Pis
catorial Itepository.. Teii-on.d Artist
Physiognomical H.drvlri'ser. Cranium
Manipulator Capilkuv Abndger, Shav
'in and J I air Tutting with Anitddextrou.
Pi. ility halllploil)g on Philolojfica.
The English people have n dorp peatcu
love for their old churches and cathedral,
rtiul they spend money lavishly for their
preservation. In tho hist 'JO years not loss
than 10.000,000 has been expended In the
restoration of these edifices, and this dovg
Dot Inch, do any sum below JL'alio.
In London alone JLSoo.Ono has been thus
spent. Iu addition JL(.,uoo,0oO has been
devoted in the country at largo to the erec
tion of new churches. Another notable
fact la that most of the money raised for
theso purposes has been derived from pri
vate gifts Loudon Letter.
Neighbor Bertie, your mother It call
Bertie Yrs'um, I know it, but I face?
the don't want me very had
Neighbor sfha ha called you feveu
Bertie Yes, I know, but she hasn't
called "Albert' yet American Hebrew.
To criticise was orlglnilly to pass nn
opinion upon, whether favorahlo or other
wise and the fact that most opinions are
unfavorable Is Indicated lu tin? present
fdgiiilkatk'U c f the word
Wo have more power than will, and it is
often by way of ejeuse to enjr 'ves that
wo fancy iLliijjs are lirupobkiUe. Koche
MELONS FROM DUST.
ONLY FRUIT THAT WILL GROW IN THB
Large and Juicy Watcrno-loim I'rodured
n the 'Grrat Aiurrit-au l)- rt," Where
It Never Italua A 1'artUl Kxulaitatloa
of thm Mratery.
When u Kt ranger visits tliesn ''staked
plains" of Texas, he soon learns not to be
Hirprisod at anything he sees, lie has heard
of this region all his life as a portion of
tho"(ireat American desert" ami one of
the driest parts of the world. Mellndsby
actual ohservat ion t hat few crops will grow
here on account of the dryness. It seems
to he too dry for corn, wheat, oats, cotton,
garden vegetables or fruit of any descrip
tion. The few farmers in the country cou
tont themselves with raising hay or sor
ghum cane. Yet, strange to relate, there
is one plant in whoso favor nature chooses
to make an exception. She serins to havo
made a law forbidding food plants to grow
In this region and theu arbitrarily to havo
nuspended this law In one instance. To
heighten the audacity of this move on her
part she Been 1. s to have racked her brain
for the vegetable growth which wo would
least expect to find here. Tho one she se
lected was tho watermelon.
Every farmer's hoy knows that ordinari
ly the watermelon requires a great deal of
moisture beforo it will grow well. It also
generally requires shade. In the cast tho
watermelon patch is frequent ly in some
col or moist corner of thecorntield, whero
tho growing vines will soon be overshad
owed by the stalks of corn. This is not
merely for tho benefit of such neighboring
boya as may dcslro to eat watermelons
without disturbing the general public, but
it is also for tho hencilt of tho melons them
Boys accustomed to look for melons in
luch places as t hat would bo surprised to
find them in this country lying out on tho
open prairie, whero tho hot sun glares
down on them all day long, with never a
cloud to interpose and never a tree or a
bush for shade as far as the rye ran reach.
Sometimes not a drop of rain falls from
the time the seed is planted in tho spring
until the melon is oaten in the early sum
mer. Yet they thrive. And such melons
as there aro too! Long, Blender oik s and
big round ones; light green ones, dark
preen ones and striped ones and all pon
derous, big fellows To come some morn
ing about sunrise, while it is yet cool, and
Bee a vast stretch of such fruit nestling
down amid tho short, curly mosquito gra- s
on some 40 or hO acres of land i enough
to make a white man's mouth water like
that of a horso in a Held of new clover and
to make a black loan .drop d ad in his
tracks from derangement of the heart
functions. This is nothing, though, com
pared to coming to such a patch about
doou, when tho vertical rays of the sun
aro pouring down at their t. rce.-t and
when your throat is parched wi:h a thivst
that is llercer still. At such a t imo as t his
you slip your left arm through the bridle
rein of your tired pony, lift Fome long,
Btriped melon with both hands, drop it
and allow it to break in some half a dozen
pieee.s. Then you gulp down gn at mouth
fuls of tho juicy, watery, red pulp and for
get that there is not a river or creek or
spring or drop of surface water of any kind
for 3o miles around. Then you pause for
a moment and think of tho wonderful
power that ran enable t he small vine to
find bo much water in so dry a land. Then
you break one or two especially big, juicy
melons for tho benefit of your pony, who
has already been smiling at them a little
impatiently. If you neglect either this
thought or this deed, you are a meaner
brute than this same pony which is say
ing a great deal.
Tho method of cultivating watermelons
on tho staked plains is comparatively sim
pl. In consists in making a small hole
In the ground and dropping a seed into it.
After this tho training of the melon is left
to tho melon itself. In some places you
find what aro known as wild watermelons,
but it i commonly believed that these
come up whero tame melons have brm
thrown away, and their seeds have found
a chance lodgment in the soil of the prai
rie. It is easy to find a partial explanation
as to how tho melons subsist, in such a dry
region. Tho explanat ion involves an un
derstanding of tho water supply on tho
plains, which in itself is a remarkable
matter. Dry as this country is. one can
find water anywhere in it by digging about
60 feet for it. By boring a holo to that
depth and Inserting a two inch pipe one
obtains a water supply which it is impos
sible to exhaust. It seems that a vast
sheet of water underlies this whole region.
This sheet of water is evidently considera
bly higher than tho level of the country
just south and cast of tho staked plains
The plains praper begin with Polo Duva
Canyon, where rocky hlulTs suddenly rise,
precipitously to tho height of from K'n to
00 feet. The level of tho vast sheet of
subterranean water referred to is evident ly
from 70 to 150 feet higher than this adja
cent country, and why tho water does not
run out is a mystery. Some peculiar fop
xnatlon of rocks like the rim of a wa.hba
sin must account for it. This water is
clear and cool, and it is as good for all
purposes as any in tho world. Many peo
ple who have studied tho matter believe
that by using windmills to draw this wa
ter to tho surface for purposes of irrigation
the wholo problem of agriculture in this
arid country can eventually bo solved.
There are several reasons why tho "Pan
handle" of Texas has not attracted any
moro attention than it has in tho water
melon markets of tho world. To begin
with, the only railroad passing through
tho country is the Fort Worth and Denver.
Many carloads of melons uro shipped over
this lino every season to Denver, but they
aro all consumed in tho Bocky mountain
region, and hence attract little or no at
tention in the east. Then, again, tho aver
age Panhandler openly disregards the
Scriptural injunction about not despising
the day of small things. Unless he can
market 10 or Id carloads ho thinks it is
too small a matter to bo fooling with, lie
Is generally a stockralser ami considers
anything of an agricultural nature as a
trlllo below his dignity anyway, especially
unites it is on a very largo scale. Aluaril
lo (Tex.) Cor. Now York Tribune.
MIm Sweetslxtecn Do you believe In
tbo nlnglo tax?
Miss I'assee Knipbatlcnlly. I behevo
Bfer bachelor hnuld bo taxed ko heavily
tltHt ho would have to marry in self do.
fcuso. Hrooklyn Kagle.
The Merrllm lmliila Frr.
"Miss Passe Indulged in Mmiewbat with
ering Biirc.'.siu when sho was talking of
"It In her iirlvllec. poor tblntf Hie li
oiuowhat withcriut: bxrtlf " Indian
Kg Up-to-Dafe" doing
and lodel loe House
Style, Quality, Fit and Workmanship at
WE HAVE THEM ALL.
Men's and Boys' Suits
Men's and Boys' Pants
Men's and Boys' Mackintoshes
Shirts, Hats, Caps,
Trunks and Valises
Everything guaranteed as represented at
F. E. POLLASKY'S.
wtit'Ht.. white.. ..,
v heat, reil .
Corn, old car
Corn, she' ltd
Apples per bu
( inioim. per bu. . . .
All last winter Mr. Ceo. A. MilN. of
Lebanon. Conn., a badly afHicted
with rheumatism. At times it was so
severe that he could not stand up
straight, but was drawn over on one
side. "I tried dillereiit reiuedies with
out receiving relief," lie says, "until
about six months ago I bought a bottle
of Chamberlain's Pain Kilni. After
usin for three days my rheumatism
was gone and has not returned since.
For sale by C. K. Mahan, druggist.
HE SOARED DOWN.
The Sntioii of n "M;ui Who Fell Wit
an I l';tr.
"Did you ever f:i!l down an elevator
flial't!"" asked n traveling man. The Di
iat h 11: an confos-ed that be had been de
nied tiiis experience, and his interrogator
continued: "Well, I have, and I toll you
it's one of tho greatest sensations 0110 can
Imagine. I've always been a fellow that
had a fear l" falling, and I ued to get
di.y whenever I went on monuments or
any high places, but now I can't get any
thing too high for me.
"I was up in Portland, Or., once nnd
Stopped at a good hotel that K tho price
werotho regular thing, and I looked for
comfort ami had no desire to walk up
three llights of stairs. I was on the fourth
floor, and when I started to up stair
tho porter paid. ' Vo' bettah not pull dat
rope, bos-, fob dat yelevatoh's bruk, audde
la man what monkeyed wid it i In de
'mergeiicy wawd now.' I listened to him,
but when I came to tho hotel that night I
was dead tired, and. to tell tho truth, I
had been surveying tho town casually and
Wa foi ling what the boy call 'good.' I
got on the elevator and pulled tho rope.
You've been on fast elevators maybe, but
you weren't ever on anything likothi.
Vhy, we hit the roof in u second, and I
wa thrown down on the floor of tho ele
vator and almost stunned. I picked my
Klf up and tried to run It down, but It
wouldn't budge. The people in tho hotel
beard tbo racket, and tho porter who had
warned mo came to the floor below and
shouted to mo to keep still, and ho would
tlx tilings. You mc, I wa away up there
jvhere the elevator isn't made to go, and I
Co'ildn t open the d.mr t p't out.
The porter to-id. ' H'ist do rope; don't
pull too It aril.' I did it bo directed, und
niddenly something let go, and wo went
down. Do you know, I never had Mich
feeling in my existence. It seemed as if I
bad discovered tho way to Ily and win
foaring along in the cloud. I had no
fear, and even wondered how tho bump
Would go lint it wa a-i if I were home
body else, and It nought it was an hour
before I struck the bottom. When I came
to. I was in my 1 in. with about f0 peo-
ile around, and I could bear somebody
fax In-.'. sm o if the fall stopped hi watch.'
In an hour I was en my feet, and Iho doe
tor .said I was all l ight. When I get on
an c!ev.,: :, I mver monkey vvih the
work Lu"v.''-Coluinbu Ditnatoii.
TO BUY YOUR
IS AT THE:
Strictly High Grade in Every
The Phoenix Racer
WEIGHT, 19 POUNDS.
YOUR CHOICE OF------
three sizes. , and .'' in. frames,
finished in either maroon or black :
four styles of tires: four styles of
handle bars : three styles of saddles :
twostvlesof pedals; weight from
lit II, to 'J J II..
The Ladies' Phoenix
is the s ame as the ( lent s
Win el with the exception
of the did'eienco iu frame.
CARIS BROWN, Agent.
gTiSFmKH'i.'t sample wheel April 1st.
I)i:nlATK l IK It : State of Michimn
(Hint)' of Gratiot, p. At a netsien ot tlo
ProhMto oiitt lorcrtld county itt-M Ht the
ProhHtp Office in ' ho viiloeot It limn on the
'.th iIh - of Mnreti In the jar one th ni
hv oitfht huii'lred nnd nlnoty-to v PreMiit.
Jdhr V Kvonlen, Juiveof Probate. In the
tuatt- of tho estate ol Willi K. Wolfe, de
ceased. (01 rcHditiv and tllinir trie t t it i u.
duly verirU-d. of Oavid N WoUe. pra lnr that
an lelnuniHtrator ho appointed of me eel ate of
n nil deceased, and that adiiilnitratioii thereof
he ttranttd to I octor Mac Wolto, or hoi no
other suitable person
Thereupon it I ordered that Monday. th
th day of April next, at ten o'eloek In
the foienoon, t o aiirfied tor the hcarl"K
nald petition and that the heirn-at law of aid
dee HHod. and all 01 lo r persons interested In
said state, are r 'nre to aepear at a se.)(1r
or ald court then t he holden In he Probate
Olticeln the villauent Ittmea hi d i-hv cause if
nnv there he. w by Iti prajer ot the petition! r
should not yran id: and it is limber or
'ete!l. tht said petitioner nlc rot ice to the
M Isoiik inter! Meil III t-Hld I hlHl , f the pi t
deiie of said pt tlilon. and tin h ant v Me eel
y 1 ausuor a copy ot lhn erect to be pubii- hc1
11 th Ab Km .ho. a new ap r pi in ted hi d
tirciilated in (-aid lounty thiec Hiicicudve
wet k previoiiH to fatd lay nt h arlnt.
(A true e py.) Jen N M mhh.n.
seaI-1 sss4w Judve of l'rebatc.
1I(()M.1K NOT ( K:-State d Mith ifan.
outtyol tirmiot, m Nniie l hi r b
vuen. thnt ttn tlnal .ajtitid I 011.01. tor.
tho aduiiritetrat' r of ttieictan- of Mary Ann
HopLlfiS. late f Cr-tiet oui.ty, Miebtvan. de
t HN.it. will he fiov!-dhr tne at the 1'ieha'e
Ollico. in th- lllawe of Ittotca. in said county,
11 Monday, tho PU'i day of April next, at ten
o'clock a m of said day
rjatecl Iitma. ttih m. A. U . i -
John M. 1:vkkdK.
S;j-4 Judge of l'rvbate.
)) I o Jo ?i)3.vw
,,, . . ,
W here you can get just n hut you want,
Shoes and Hosier)
for you all.
Have You Had the Grip?
If you have, you probably need a reli
able medicine like Foley's Honey and
Tar to heal your lungs and stop the
racking cough incidental f" this disease.
C. F. M H .
R. D. LEMEN.
Firt, Tornado, A rui. i.t
oid Livi-stt,(k I oho rnnce written
'ii tin- l d fiimaiitt'P. Tun vi-yanciii k'
loiif with iicktiJi-ee nuii diinu tt.
' ' i. x
'"I- , '
Don't ask your boise to work in a
poor, ill-sliaped Collar. Mordeii
lias a large :ici imcnt on hand at
low prices. Large Collais cut
down to lii our horses.
It Speak Volumes
When we say that our trade i
keeping up to the average t'lea
dm g thi t dull season.
Our practict! of giving absolut'!
values for every dollar tpont it
our store, encourages people t
buy and insures them fair treat
ll.etit. When ii. m t d of Drue-
Tab nt Mi dicim s, Toilet Articles
or anvthii g in the Ding line.cal
I he Keliabli'
cn nut J fir ttuJiiiitai ust.
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