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-THE ALMA RECORD- Tlnn-.,1.,V. Juno 221022 THE ALMA RECORD HANCOCK & GKOSSKOTF. rublwhrri Published Kvery Thursday Afternoon II. i. HANCOCK. K.I.Ut ADVEKTISINC KATES Tor advertihing rate iipily for M-lutlulo. Nuticr t.f thurrh nd 1'xltfo ioclal r.d en. trUitimrnU whore mlmUsion in charKl, nvulnr lulvt-rtUinir rate. Ohituary notice. 125 wrortU fnv, ov r Out. one evnt r w.nl. All ol.ititury jnu-try, one cent ier word. ClaU otl adt, on ! t r rd i-arli L-ui with a minimum jirke of IIP cent, each in advanco; atani ar-ett-. TKKS13 SUIlSritH'TION Oni covr, on yr f l.r0 f)nm crvT i months 76c The Kceonl i entered at the i-os-t..f lice at nail an M-emid-tlas matter. OFrKICJAI, l'AI'KK OF THE CITY OF ALMA. MICHIGAN THE NEW LINCOLN MEMORIAL On Memorial Day the new Lincoln monument was formally dedicated in Washington. A vast assemblage of people attended the dedicatory exercises and a whole nation looked on and listened in by the aid of the modern movies and radio. The speech of ire sentation was made by Chief Justice Taft who headed the cvm mission appointed in 1910 to study out the plan for this memorial, subject to approval. The speech of acceptance was made by Pres ident Harding. Dr. Robert Moton, head of the splendid school lor colored people at Tuskegee. Alabama, spoke for the emanci pated negroes who were freed from the chains of slavery by Abraham Lincoln, and Robert Lincoln, son of the martyred presi dent was a guest of honor. In his speech of presentation. Justice Taft said, 'This country has waited for 57 years for a suitable memorial to the nation's tavior and its greatest leader. It is especially significant that this monument is located upon the banks of the Potomac, the boundary between the two sections which had engaged in civil war but which are now re-united in brotherly love. In all the bit terness of that conflict, no word fell from his lips, tried as he was, of hatred, malice or unforgiveness ; here is a shrine at which all can worship." President Harding paid Lincoln a fine tribute when he said, "In every moment of peril, whenever the clouds gather, then; is the image of Lincoln to rivet our hopes and renew our faith." And indeed this fact is perhaps the greatest monument that could ever be erected to any hero. For in the time of extreme peril, this leader of the people never for one moment lost faith in the coun try which he served, nor allowed criticism and ridicule to swerve him from the path 'which his judgment told him to be the right path. The Lincoln Memorial is built in the style of a classic Greek temple of the simple but beautiful Doric order and is built on a foundation of 122 great concrete piles or legs which go down to solid rock. The grounds around the Memorial are filled in and terraced to form an artificial hill which makes a line base for the building. It is 1!) feet long. 120 feet wide and 100 feet high. Thirty-six columns representing the number of states in Lincoln's nay, surround it, each column made up of eleven drums or blocks, each weighing about 22 tons. The building is constructed of White Colorado Yule marble, the steps and platforms are of pink Massachusetts granite. The interior of the structure forms an open hall 70 feet long and 00 feet high and wide, in the center of which stands a eoosal statute of Lincoln seated in a massive in a characteristic pose. Above and back of the statue is the in scription, "In this temple, as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union, the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever." The country has waited for fifty-seven years for a suitable memorial to the great man who saved the Union. Rut now that it is finally completed, representing as it does according to the words of Chief Justice Taft, "The supreme effort of the American people," we may all well feel that this wait has been fully justified, for it has culminated at last in a colossal memorial which is a fitting one for so colossal a figure. The original poem which fol lows, read upon the occasion of the Dedication by Edwin Mark ham, the American poet, brings out in a fitting way, the qualities of the man thus honored by a grateful, united nation. When the Norn Mother saw the whirlwind hour (jreateninjr ard darkening as it hurried on, .She left the Heaven of Heroes and came down To make a man to meet the movtal need. She tock the tried clay of the common road ('lay warm yet with the genial heat of Earth Hashed through it all a strain of phophecy; Tempered the heap with thrill of human tears; Then mixed a laughter with the serious stuff. Into the shape she breathed a flame to light That tender, tragic, ever-changing face; And laid on him a sir.se of the mystic powers, Moving all hushed behind th? mortal veil. Here was a man to hold against the world. A man to match the mountains and the sea. The color of the ground was in him, the red earth; The smack and tang of elemental things; The rectitude and patience of the cliff; The gocd-will of the rain that loves all leaves: The friendly welcome of the wayside- well; The courage of the hird that dares the sea; The gladness of the wind that shakes the coin; The pity of the snow that hides all scars; The secrecy of streams that make their way Under the mountain to the rifted rock; The tolerance ami equity of light That gives as freely to the shrinking flower As to the great oak fk-ring to the wind To the grave's low hill as to Matterhorn That shoulders out the sky. Sprung from the West, He drank the valorous youth of a new world. The strength of virgin forests hraced his mind, The hush of : pacious prairies stilled his soul. His words were oaks in acorns; and his thoughts Were roots that firmly gripped the granite truth. Up from log cahin to the capitol, One fire was on his spirit, one resolve To send the keen ax to the root of wrong, ( tearing a free way for the feet of God, The eyes of conscience- testirg every stroke, To make his deed the measure of man. He built the rail pile as he huilt the State, Pouring his splendid strength through every blow; 'I he grip that swung the ax in Illinois Was on the pen that set a people free. So came the Captain with the mighty heart; And when the judgment thunders split the house, Wrenching the rafters from their ancient- rest, He held the ridgepole up, and ? piked again The rafters of the Horn", He held his place Held the long purpose like a growing tree Held on through blame and faltered not at praise, And when he fell in whirlwind, he went down As when a lordly cedar, green with boughs, (Joes down with a great shout upon the hills, And leaves a lonesome place against the sky. Some people are not led astray by temptation, blindly. Virtue lias its own reward, to find it. Patience is a virtue until it at Alma, Cratiot County, Michigan K.LINOU !. HANCOCK, AfinocUte KJitor WII.V I'AIU IN ADVANCE Om ropy, throw month:! loc Out ido of State. .ne year 12.00 Alma, Miihiyaji. for transiuise ion through th They follow but it often requires a microscope is carried beyond bounds. Where Your Taxes Go How Uncle Sam Spends Your Money in Conduct ing Your Business , By EDWARD G. LOWRY Author "Woahlnirton Cloa-Up." "Hanka and Financial System," etc. Contributor pol'tiral and innomic Article to Leading rrrtcxtic-u'a and a Writer of Ilet-oirriizcd Authority on ths National Oovf rnmcnt'i UuAinroa liettoJa. Cop r rig tit, Wi-kttrn Newspaper Union xxvir. THIS WAS YOUR MONEY Consider for a moment, if you will, some further figure. This is your money I uni talking about. lr every liscal year from 1S0O to lS'.t.'k inclusive, then? was a surplus of receipts over expenditures. I Muing this period of L'S jears the surplus of receipts over expenditures totaled SI, ir.Hi.'jtf.ol.'UI. Tor the lisenl years ISO 1 to 1K, in clusive, the expenditures exceeded tin receipts in the aggregate of SL's.'i.OL'j, W.. Tor the liscal years I'.hmi to VM, inclusive, the surplus of receipts over expenditures aggregated S.".l, or.Udo.Ol. For 3!r. the expenditures exceeded thu receipts by S7S"v lor the years HMO to 1!U I, inclus ive, the receipts exceeded the expendi tures by ?Ht,(rjl,-i.'j7. Fur I'.U.j the expenditures exceeded the receipts by :i:, 1 ss,; :.:, 5. For IHIC. the. re ceipts exceeded the expenditures by $5r,171,.r).":!..V., ami for l'.ilT there was a deficit of Sl".,7- Ii 1.7!?. Fnun M'd to 3'.17, inclusive, the re ceipts exceeded the expenditures fi-r each jear with the exception of ivil, is:."., v.n, is: 17, iv. s, is'.c.t, i!io.i, p.mis, VM ltl." and i:17. The totul amount by which the expenditures exceeded the receipts for these 11 years jut named, is J?H:?,75'i,7M.7(. For tin ."1? liscal years, ln'.d to r.)17, inclusive, the receipts exceeded the expenditures in 41 years, the toial of such excess for that peri-mi being .?-,.",.)1,f.:?,ls.n;. For theeal years 1MV. to Ittlo, the revenues were raised through an in direct system of taxation. J'.egiuning with the fiscal j ear ending June .".', lOl't, the receipts from direct method-; of taxation pave usually grown each liscal year, as will be seen by the fol lowing table: imn 4'orpiration 1 11 1 Cot iir;itioTi tax M2-t'iirionitl.iii tax lfUl-Corporation t;ix 1314 -Corporate n '. l:H Corporation ji.e , V."l,7s'"i ;i7 ::.:.k;o;.;v iso tax. nit? tax .If 3 4 Iti l:i.lual in line tax.. ;,l v, Y.l Kniei irenry rrv 11:0 JL ItuJ Corporation incomo tax ",: 1 ".":; .77 1 :!. Indh i.lual Iivom tax.. C.'-K.I'iL' y :!;-KniorKeiioy revenue M..,7v:;' ,;$ Corporation ii.coi.Tc tax .r.t'..'f.0,C7.:. ll'J'J-Inilni.lual incuv tax.. ;:.: n ! :i 1 rl 7 IanereTicy tv vei;' it- ;i".::'7.:".'.:'A 3 ;1 7 Corporation income, tax 17!', vs7.s..j !17 Individual Ineom.t tax.. lv-,l"S,SkM Income ar.l excess roi- its tax S.SCS.Syj.iM'S 1913 Income and exccs:s prof Its tax :.'S,0c,7V2.70 The number of corporations mak ing, income tax returns showing tax able income, aggregated .r.L'.4PS in the calendar year liM,V, and that number increased to 2!"J,U7?l for the calendar year Kil7. The numl cr of individuals making personal iinome tax returns aggregated ;?.",7,oIS fir the calendar year 11)1. 'J, and that number Increased to :?,17'',Vo for the calendar year 1'.17. For the liscal jei.r I'M) the total ordinary receipts aggregated SO :,,." v. 4'.t.S4, of which S!t ,7 11. :',;;.'.." umo from customs duties, PI.'JIL.','! l.'?..V.) came from internal levenue, and the balance was received from the sale of public lands and other miscellaneous items; whereas, for the liscal year ending June ."H, lt10, the total re ceipts from customs amounted to 4rj7,S!7..'?Li, while the Internal revenue, including income tuxes and corpora tion and excess profits taxes, amounted to :i,s:v. . c.t ,o 1 ir.u.j. o you will see that until 1010 the money you paid toward the support of the government was slipped away from you so easily that you hardly knew anything about it. You did nt know that you we're paying taxes to the national government. Indirect taxation is tho most se duttlve form of raiIng public rev enue?. You never came in contact with the federal government except when you bought a postage stamp. Uut now you know it every time you buy a drink at n soda fountain, or a bottle of medi cine, or sand a telegram, or make a long-distance telephone call, or per form any one ef a score of other nor mal activities of daily life. Some thing must be put in the kitty for the povernment. Its annual rakeoff runs into the billions. You pay it and the government spends it. Uut all that part of the party is about over. now. The oysters have been eaten and put in the bill. They must be paid for. It is pe rfectly clear that in the future by far the greater part of the? revenu" required for con ducting the public business must come from direct taxes. It is also clear that the ordinary expenses for run ning the government will in future probably exceed four billion dollars a year. That is a lot of money to take out of your pfckets, and mine. Hadn't we better see w hat Is done w ith it, and whether we can save any of it? Con press, which is very far-sighted, and able, when Its own skin is concerned, to distinguish a hawk from a hand saw at a very Rreut distance, is be ginning to take "notice. Brahmins Avoid Friday. Amongst the rrahmins of India no business Is ecr begun on a Friday. . When a fellow fights for the rigid he Ciftcn irets licked by the worst. When duty calls most of us are hard of hcarinjr. Free advice is seldom worth its cost. m ...... x. Five Minute Chats on Our Presidents By JAMES MORGAN ! : (Cyj jri'-ht. 19:0, by Jaraea ilorgin.) WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT i t 1857-5-Cept. 15, William Howard Taft born in Cincinnati. 1878 Graduated at Yale. 1837-00 Judge of the Superior Court. 1800-2 Solicitor General of the United States. 1802-100D United States circuit Judge. 1900-04 Commissioner In and governor of the Philip pines. 100-1-8 Secretary of war. 1009 Irnuurated twenty-sixth president, aged fifty-one. :0 WIIl'N Roosevelt and Taft rode' up Pennsylvania avenue m March 4, VM), it was the lirst time since Jackson ami Van I'uren had passed tin t way side by side, more' than 70 years before, that a re-tiring prev-ident would not have preferred an other se;t mate and successor than the one whom the fortunes of politics had thrust upon him. Koosevi h alone j rVrted Ids success or. Naturally, eweryeho n.umoel that we were to have a lleosevelt admin istration by another name, and It was expected in the eampalgn that the e-preident would imt go farther away from the White House than Myster Hay. lie tead, be plunged into the depths of Africa. The fate of William Howard Taft would be p.tlie-lir if be hinwlf bad not met it and borne ir with a smll. He was abler, more upright, more independent than some far more suc eesstul presidents. Hat by bent and training ho wa a judge, and the William Howard Taft. White II'.-uc is no place for a Judj'P. As lawgiver and frovorner of .Alanila, Taft h id won the eonfuh nee of hi-; oriental Mib.iects, and rather than desert his post, lu fore his tak was Jinihed, lie siwrifieed the eb-arest ambition of his life-. In a year and a half Koo ( i!r bad 1dm in bis cab inet as secretary of Avar and soon had him in his eye for tlic presidency. lloo-evelt h;id tlie weakness eif his strencrth. lie tiioimht b' was strnnt: enouidi to ir,n!;e a president. Hut real presidents are born, not made. Th" nionii nt r.ooevolt was ixano, the standpatters. the reactionary force.-;, emerged from their seven ami oiu'-half years In thf eyclone eellar. The rnement tlie io i t ical bronclio felt the tenderfoot en its back, it bucked, and threw Taft from the seat of loader ship. The next tiling the rank and tile of Ilepublicans knew, the party was pi ir pir.cr lack Into the old rut from which IteoM'vell had jerked It who':i lirst ho la!d upon it Ids master ful hand. Hut the people refustxl to po back. Kisht months after Taft's Inaugura tion, the election ef VM) sounded a clear warning of the disaster that oYcrwhrlmed the party in the congres sional election of 1010. and which all bur elestroyed it in the presidential election ef 1012. Aceordir.u' to a story that was told of Taft, a curious Ft ranker asked a pate-keeper at the Union station In Worhlnirton where be would stand the best ehanco of see-Inp the presi dent In the few spare1 hours that he had between trains. 'IMpht where you are," was the reply, "lle-'s al ways cither taking a train or pettltiir off r.f one." Taft was the first president to draw the present salary of ;?7.",Xn. Con :res'; j-js-n adopted, two years be fore h- ;uii' In, the custom of allow ing S'.tHK) yearlv for the traveling expenses of the president, and he be came the preat presidential traveler, makinp a record of K.o.'hk) miles In four ye-ars, as be went about thH country appealinp for a reversal eif the verdict ai'ainst his administration. In vain he strove- to turn back tlie tide1, which only sported with him. After bavin? elated him by 1,200, 000 plurality, the people parted with Taft more in forrow than In anper. They elid not question that he was a ::ood president, but that N a secondary consid ration. A president must be fir.t of all a I edit Iclnn and a leader. Don't throw your money to Ihe l-irds. It is bad for their dipestion. I'ecjde who hit the hiph ppots often find themrelve-s in the low onen. Keep movinp, or the world will run i v . . : : : :Wi fc: o :;i-v mm Mfjm Record Directory roif KKADV UIU KUENCH l'rrsliti'nt and Congrraa Prr;lftcnt, Warren (I. Hardinir, Ohio, Salary $75,000, with allowance for traveling ex ju'Iimh i: to 125.000 extra, and $100,000 more for clerk hire antt White House ex lM.me. -f2f.0.C0O 'n all. (Rutjeet to chanyei Virf-l'n-sMi-iit. e'ulvin e'ooliiltfo, Mahk., salary Jt'J.OuO. rrettiileiit tro tem of acnate, Al-Ix-it It. e'urntiiiiig, Iowa. S'piuker of 11us, I'ritltrick II. Cillett of Mhsh. ; mlury $12,000. The 9C Senators and 4V KeiivMciitutiveH of 67th ctxKru rereiv $7,r0D xnlury eueli. with milruKe extra at iio cent 11 mill? eueh way, earh neHsion, fig ured on ditanre Ix-tween their home and Washington; also $125 extra for ktationery, newsiminrn, etc. Vlach U also allowed $3..V0 a year for clerk hire. Itatio of representation, one number to each 211,817 population. Pnrty Iavision in CTth Con(rrei: House 201 Kep.. 133 Dim., 1 Soc. Ser.at 69 Kep., 37 Pern. (J. S. Senators Cbas K. Townsend, Truman II. Newberry. i:.-pr't.entative in Congress Jonepb W. Ford- ncy. Th Cabinet Arrnnred In order f prenidential suceeaalon: Set'y State. Charles K. HuirheH, N. Y. ; 'I'ren-urv, Andrew W. Mellon, I'a. ; War, John W. Wi'eks, Muss.; Atty-Gen.. Harry M. IiaiiK'herty, tJhio ; postmaster-Con., Will It. J lavs, 1 ixl. ; See'y Navy, Kdwin Uenby, Mich. ;' Interior, AM ert H. Tall. N. Mex. ; Agriculture, Henry Wallace, Iowa: Com meive, Herbert C Hoover, Calif.: Labor, James J. P.-ivis, l'a. Sa'ary of each $12,000. The Supreme Court t'liier Ju tiee, William Howard Taft, sal ary Clr.0. AsMteiate Justices, Kalary, fH.nOO each: Jos McKen..a. Calif., (Kep.); Oliver W. IMrnc. Mast., (Kep); Wm. U. ln, Ohio, (I'.ep. : WillU VanDeventer, Wyo., (Hep.); Mahlon Pitney, N. J., (Hp): James McHeynold.s, Tenn., (Dem.) ; l.iiis I). Krandfw, Mass., (Dem.) ; John 11. Clarke, Ohio. (Dem.) Michigan Government 'liivcrnur, Alex. J. Gioe-be'- salary, 8S.000 . Lit ut. Gov., Thomas Head, salary. $H00.00 ; Secretary of State, Charles J. Deland, sal ary, $2'.00.00; State Treas.. Frank E. Gor man, salary, $2500.00 : Auditor Gen., Ora mel II. Fuller, salary $2500.00; Attorney Gen.. Mertin Wiley, aalnry $5000.00; Supt. t f l'ublie Instruction, Thomas E. Johnson, Knlary, $1(M)0.jO; State Highway Com., FraTik r lioers, na'.ary $75i;0.00 ; Senator District. Aaron Ari.on, salary $800.00; Representative of District, David tt. Iocke. yftlaiy, $.i00.00 ; Supreme Court Judges, sal ary $7(,0.00; .loeph II. Moore, Joseph H Steerc, Howard Weist, Grant Fellows, John W Stone, e;eu. M. Clark, John U. Lird. Nel.xoti thai'. County Officers Circuit' .Tudv'e, Edward J. Moinet, salary J.'l.'oO.OO ; Judre of Prolate, Jarnes ;. Kress, salary, $2100.00; Sheriff, A. T. Wil lert, salary, fees ; Clerk. I?ernie Cae, sbI ftry. $15(10; Treas., Sidney K.vev, salary, $1.'.0; Pros. Atty., Itomaine Clark, nalary, $2200; Kevi-.tir of Deeds, t.'has. Heisler, tn'nry, fees; Seh'x.I Cum., Howard I'otter, v:ilary, $lfi0O; (Jirctiit Court ('orn.. Archie MeCall, Wm. A. I'lihlke, fe's ; Iirain Com., Krv.-i I.ayeock, balnry $1500; Coroners, W. K. LuUwiir, Dr. Hall. fee. City (i.ive rnment Mayor, Chas. li. Mun.hy, salary, $300.00: t.'ity Commissioners, John C. Chick, Floyd ':!a-s, A. J. Archer, Philip Creaser, salary, $200.00; City Manactr, Wm. E. Ileynolds, salary $5000.00; t'ity Clerk, Franrid C. llayward. salary $3000,00; City Trseaunr, I). W. Adams, salary, $1800.00 ; City At torney, Wm. A. Pahlk. salary. $1200.00; Health Officer. Dr. John N. Day. nalary, $1500.00 ; Chief o' Police, James K. Camp hell, salary $1750.00; Supervisors, 1st ward, Jes-n E. Fuller, 2nd ward, Nicholas E. Saad, 3rd ward, Albert P. Cook, 4th ward, Jacob D. Ilelman, salary, $3.00 ver day on actual time. We can do it if it is In thb print in"; line. The Alma Iiecord. adver tisement 10-3w HOME BAKERY The Rest Baked Goods fresh every day Meals and Lunches, at all hours. Try our dinner at r0c. 328 State Street KUB-NO-MORE WASHING POWDER Ontv a mall amount nrnlcil tn lofrcr llic hardest water. JuM pinth makr tloh aliin4 Ci'v and ac hall oue joap bill vn nah djy. At Your Grocers ' Huh-No-Mor C.."2 f ort Wjne, laJUoa B Alma Creamery Co'slA i cr- VI lJAlP.Y rOODS Happy Child hood 1 Somehow or other every- Y body associates happy youthhood with a bounti ful supply of milk and a rompinp outdoor life. That's what our milk makes you think of. ALMACRFAMERrCq) 'Pasteurized Mvductsi ! :illtj i'"Tif unmT.iritiiiii n miiiiiniiiiiiM ,, , 35 Doc Keenc, one of the ."l clowns Saturday, Strand Sunday and Monday HARRY CAREY 66 M ae to Main" 1. Cftf? -h J u y 1 UiKiuestionably the most tremendous Western Production ever filmed. Thursday and Friday Corpot-Jitior ' QHjrvmounl h' - - - V j ' "x -,11 j ; 1 1 with the John Robinson Circus, June 21, theater X x V: pm) is ::.:. ' 4-;.-rzssv - : . off an l lcae you.