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fp Steamboat puffing, we apprehend,has
reached pretty nearly its climax. The la-; test we have seen is the following, w ith re gard to the Sultana, (dipped from a sheet not a hundred miles di-taiit: "She is a boat and can travel 13 H'Jl't an hour.’’ - TF \\ e have no doubt our friend of the American is a remarkably witty man. but as it requires a kindred spirit to understand him, we trust ho w ill enlighten our igno rance as to the point of the following: " It is rumored that the Post Master of R teine and Gov. Dodge are engaged. W ill oar neighbor of the W hig be kind enough to inform us on the subject. It is whisper ed that his Excellence has given ourl*. M. the slip.' ” The editor of the Racine Whig can think of no other reason why we should attend the harbor and river convention at Chicago, except to enjoy the horse-racing which is to come off, The editor of the Whig is evi dently confined to a very limited range of ideas, and we can excuse him in our case. The Common Council of the city of Chi cago has passed a resolution instructing the nnanee committee, together w ith the Mayor, to make all suitable arrangements for the re ception and enter.ainment of all who may attend the Harbor and River Convention, on the Sth of July, and report the same to the Council for payment. The Green Bay Land Oilice is necessa rily closed for the present because of the vacancy occasion 'J by death in the office of Receiver. It must of course remain so Uipd the vacancy is supplied. i a do this work; and upon the whole it strikes us, looking at it in every point of view that it would be well lor out next territorial convention to appoint four delegates to represent us in the next Balti more convention, for the nomination ol can didates for President and \ .President. Men can be chosen who. whatever circumstances in.iv arise between this and die assembling of the convention, w ill not forget or aban don tl.e great interests ot the north and the West. IV The N. Y. Tribune has an article, the product of the editor’s imagination, con trasting the entrance of President Polk and Gen. Tax lor into N. Y.. at different ends oi' the same street at the same time. The article represents the populace as deserting entirely the President, and rushing enthusiastically to welcome Gen. Taylor, indulging, at the same time, in all sorts oi extravagances, which are thus represented: " Some seize the bridle, some the stirrups, some clasp the very knees of the old man: It is silence all! Not a solitary shout is heard ! All are too ! much excited to articulate even a whisper!” Now. as the Tribune has been the most vir , idem paper in the country in denouncing the war with Mexico as unjust, a war ol rapine, conquest, and lor the extension ol slavery, and every death occasioned by it as murder, w ill it. or so ne of its satellites, i be so good as to tell the world at large why the chief actor in this, as it says, most un holy war. and this whok sale murder.should be welcomed in this enthusiastic manner. We have no doubt it has a rule of logic and morals which fully justifies it, but we can't comprehend it. £ r The average democratic majority in New York on tiie Judges is about fb.500. ■ V' which w r d.'em v , || Irorthy of a place in this connection, and an attentive consideration: "It was but a few years ago that the high tarill menofthis country only complained of the notions of the free trade men, because they deemed them impracticable. They then said that England would never reduce her duties on grain so low that it would ad vantage us, because the landed gentry would be too much impoverished, and many of them boldly declared that when such a change in the policy of England should oc cur* they would be found alongside of t'»e advocates of free trade, tor then they could see that there would be a real benefit to all. In short they agreed that Free Trade would be a blessing, but cepre. ated the idea of the first step being taken in this country. "Well, time rolled along, and England took the first step by reducing the duties on all breadstuffs at first, and then by tak ing them offal ogether. But thcy*then|said. "England was forced to do this.'* What of that! Our end is answered. We now see the way open to free trade, and we see the very step in it that you pointed to, has been taken. .Now let us go on, and enjoy all these benefits that you admitted must flow from it it it were possible. Your on ly objection then was to the impossibility.! That objection is destroyed, the road is o pen. Free Trade can exist in a few years between most countries to the benefit of all, and no matter whether the English were forced to it by reason, necessity or battle, we ought to make the most of what we ad mit to be a good. "The result upon the west, we think few can doubt. The demand from abroad for our produce cannot be temporary. I’he broad, fertile and cheap lands of America, w ith all the advantages of low taxation and perfect security, will afford to the world cheaper food than can be raised elsewhere. It is true we will have to compete with for eign nations, but that we can do to great ad vantage as we do now, and make money. The grain-growing west will be especially benefitted by the free exchange of products, nor do we think the manufacturers of the east will suffer. "We are aw are that there are many w ho think our market for grain will fad as soon as this famine is over. M ith Free Trade ,we think it cannot. We believe that much .t . ■ :i ■ - instruction; but without an intellec tual, gifted teacher, it is little better than rub bish; and such a teacher, without apparatus, may effect the happiest results. Libraries, cabinets, and philosophical instruments are lifeless and profitless, except as made effec tual by the men who use them. A few emi nent men, skilled to understand, reach, and quicken the minds of the pupils, are worth all these helps. The idea, therefore, that the children of the poor.cannot he advanced in consequence of the inability of parents to furnish a variety of books and other appa ratus, is an erroneous one. “ In education various books and imple ments are not the great requisites, but a high order of teachers. In truth, a few hooks do better than many. The object of education is not so much to give a certain amount of knowledge, as to awaken the faculties, and give the pupil the use of his ow n mind; and one book, taught by a man who knows how to accomplish these ends, is worth more than libraries as usually read. It is not ne cessary that much should be taught in youth, but that a little should lie taught philosoph ically. profoundly, hvingly. For example, it is not necessary that Hie pupil be carried over the history oi the world from the del uge to the present day. Let him be helped to read a single history wisely, to apply the principles of historical evidence to its state ments. to trace the causes and effects of events, to penetrate into the motives of ac tions. to observe the workings of human na ture in what is done and suffered, to judge impartially of action and character, to sym pathize with what is noble, to detect the spirit of an age in different forms from our own. to seize the great truths which arc wrapped up in details, and to discern a mo ral Providence, a retribution, amidst all cor ruptions and changes; let him learn to read a single history thus, and he has learned to read all histones; he is prepared to study, as he may have time in future life, the w hole course of human events; he is better educa ted by this one book, than he would-be by all the histories in all languages as common ly taught. The education of the poor man's childn n need not stop for the want of books and apparatus. .More of them would do good, but enough may be easily obtained. To rouse the mind to thought, and to fix upon it habits of reflection, should be a pri mary object of education; and w hat we want is, a race of teachers acquainted with the philosophy of ti e mind, "gifted men and women, who shall respect human nature in mr ' pit’.’ ii"’ a <"iv:div to attach a command to each division of ’The army. Col Harney has been compelled to re main here with the 2d dragoons. up to this time,to giietne horses rest: had he been at amosoque.w ith olds sui> men. a great many of the 200 Mexicans , would not here answered to their next roll call. The better classes at Puebla appear to 1<• well enough disposed towards the Americans, although j they, perhaps, do not altogether like ti:e idea that a force of ol)00 men should enter a city of near Iuj.OOO souls, and without res.stance. 1 he lower orders—ti e latbonrs and Irperog with wich I’nebla abounds are evidently bat ill d.sposed towards u.-. One ol Gen. Worth s men has alieady I< < n ass is sinaled, hut fortunately the murderers were imme diately arrested. On tlie alcaide s telling Gen. Worth that, accor ding to their law s, a year and a halt won d cl qse before the care ol the assassins could le settled in the courts of Puebla, he was informed that the American triband would re der them lull justice ma day an 1 a hall! The miscreants are now w! ere they never w ill commit another murder. 1: is said that suppl es o! all kinds can be readily obtained at Puebla. The w heat crop has just ri pened, and is: mest abundant. '1 he news now is. tint the Mexicans have aban doned the idea of forti.ying at the Rio Frio, but intend constructing a line of works at Ell l enol, a position about nine miles this side of the city ol Mexico. Pei haps they only intend jhis as a show of resistance, for the sake of saving their credit; again, they may hope to raise men enough to give a regular battle to the Americans. They can col lect nothing, however, but an undisciplined rabbled and the.-e our regulars can disperse lik“ chaff.— the more tliev have to contend vvi.h el this class the better—the quicker a panic can be created among tl.em.’ >anta Anna alter the dispersion of Ins cavalry, did not st >p even at >an Martin or Rio Frio, but kept on with all speed to the city of M-x.co. Our knowledge of the state ol affairs at the capital, s nee santa Anna’s arrival, is limited, but it was currendy reported at Puebla, on Wedne-day last, that on ti c prevu us day the two parlies—the Pal kas and the i’uros —were lighting l.ke ca's and clous, home new revolution has without doubt b.oken out, but the leaders at present are unknown. Gen kCOtf last proclamation has been general ly ci ciliated at Puebla, and it is .-aid with most excellent el.'ect. No less than three editions ot it had been printed, and still the inhabitants were were calling for more. The demand for it alone would show tiiat its effects have been salutary.— The numberless hordes of military drones, and a.l the employers and hangers-on ot the government are doubtles doing ail they can to put down its cir culation. and deaden its influence upon the masses; bit they cannot keep it out of the hands oi the middle and be ter class-o citizens, the laborious a d Fin ing rtis n-. nor prevent them from pur suing and podermg upon its contents. In a let e. I sent you yesterday by the diligen cies. I believe I stated that General Valencia was c imiug oi.t with iourt.en thousand men to meet the Americans. Ihe report is, that oi tnis num ber tour thousand are Pintos, or Indians of the south, under Gen. Alvarez. They are called Pin tos from the fact that after come to m mhood their face*- from some cause or other which I have not heard’ expla ned. become spotted—yellow anti red. They are of little account as soldiers, and it is problable that Valencia s men, it he has the num b>r given I ini by rumor, are nothing but mv re cruits. If they stop to be fired al once the;, will not do it a second time. There is much speculation in the army as to what is be the result—as to what is to Le the win ding up of this war with Mexico. 1 can sec no other result than the subjugation of the country en tire'v—or at least in bringing it under the protec- Hr * ■Hr /7^*W''"t* <•<■<•-< at tin 1 Bar ->. .- vrn r.i;>! 15 the rising young Catholic lawyer. Bns practice at first lay in de ending prisoners, n l ’ll a subsequent period of ins li e he was adm t cd to be the best criminal lawyer at the Bar. At that time a Catholic Irishman had only one road lor ambition; by the Bar; and an eminent ‘Counsellor was looked up to, with the greatest respect. Ihe superiority ot his forensic powers so soon became munilest, that he took up a leading position in the profession, and so soon as he acquired some le gal distinction, began to engage in Catholic agita tion.” At the death of his uncle. Maurice, aged 90, in 1825, Daniel O Connell became possessed of the estates of Kerry, and inherited the representation of the family, lie espoused his cousin, Mary, daughter of Edward O tunnel, 31. D. Tralee, on the 3d of June, 1802, and their children are, Mau rice. Morgan, and John, all members of the British Parliament. Air. O'Connell, himself has successively repre sented in the British House of Commons, f lare County, Waterlord. Kerry County, Dublin City. Kdkeny, and latterly, we believe, the great County ot Cork. No man was ever so trusted by Ireland as he has been. When O'Connell took hold of the allairs of t e Catholics they weie m a very bad state. He quai ret.ed with Grattan and other \\ hig leaders, but gi.ned daily with the people. His forensic pow ers in the Law Courts, and brilliant pro.essional success, united with the ability with vh ch he ad vocated equal Civil anil Religious Rights, and his genuine wit, humor, mirth, and courageous bearing gave him by 1817 the station of the most povver lul man in the Catholic body. His powers of cal culation, his great caution, his d<ep and ready in sight into character, and his inexhaustable supply ot bitter, biting, caustic wit and sarcasm, when joined with his exhibitions of feeling and passion, and ability', at pleasure, as it seemed, to become the very soul ot mirth and good humor, contribut ed greatly to the preservation of his power, even when men began to doubt that his expectations, if sincerely entertained, of a Parliament on College Green, would not speedily be realized. When young, Air. O Connell was a Freemason and the Master of a Lodge, but he renounced Ma sonry when he found that h;s church condemned it. In 1839 he wrote to the Wesleyan ministers i that -in the person of their lounder, and from his davs. thev had. upon all occasions, shown them -1 sel.es the enemies of freedom ol conscience, and ; that Rev, John Wesley "was in 1799, one of ti.e principal founders ot the pro’e taut Association which, injure. 1780, very nearly ach.ewed the de struction ot London by an r.otcuc. .Mr. UConnell, up to a very short time before his death, was apparently a h de. hearty, vigorous man, loud of a jor.e and lull of mirth and humour. In private conversation, Air. O f onuell was aguea ble. cheerful and pleasant, he was a working man in the strictest sense ol the term—the quantity oi business be did in a day was prodigious—scarcely exceeded even by his indefatigable and steadfast friend Air. Hume. His letters to his countrymCa. describing the massacres, were published through out Europe and America, and powerful impression. Gband Observjes at Genoa.—The obsequies at Genoa, on the 10th inst., were attended bv mul titudes, who teemed deeply affected. The gover nor. the clergy, nobility, the foreign consuls, and end other distinguished personages were present, and the Rev. Dr. Miley and the members fur Dun dalk were ei-comruoda’ed in a private tribune, specially prepared tor their reception. In the absence of his Eminence the Cardinal Archbishop (a venerable octogenarian, who was disabled from attending by illness,) his Vicar General, who is al so a prelate, olliciated. The requiem was striking ly grand. Nothing could be more solemn, or more characterised by that sublimity with which Catho licity alone knows how to invest their offices— whether we regard the throngs ol every rank t lat surrounded the loity bier, and idled ail p rsoi ti.e -lately temple—the magnificence oi the temple— itself one of the finest in these countries—the crow ds of the clergy of every order who were marshalled according to their respective dignity in the choir, and around the altar, or thediv ine and imposing spec tacle of lour and twenty all lifting up the host oi propitiation at the same m< ment, and while the ■■llcquicni cteraam dona ci Demine." Eternal lest give to him O L-m 1 . and npon him ’c thy smile <>.- ||| ' S <s£ SF ' '• Cl. :<■ I h;- n ■ -Hy tluuetbr is thus stated by the Al- Evening Journal. Vi , Senate became necessary in con- sequence ot the election ol Chief Justice Bronson ' and Justice Jewett as J udges o! the Court ol Appeals, 1 be ( oust i tut ion prov ides for the organization of the Court of Appeals on the first Monday in July. On that day the old Mipreme Court commences one of its regular terms. It is supposed that the Court of Apjieals, in fixing rules, establishing tenn-, Ac. &c . even should there be no case ready lor aigument, will be in session from ten days to a fortnight. t here is a heavy amount of'business to be dis posed ot by the ol I I upreme Court, lor which pur pose the Legi-la'ure continued its powers tor one year. I pon the resignation of Judges Bronson and Jewett, the appointment oi successors devolves upon the Governor ami .Senate. • New Stemboat.— Messrs. lliiiwf.il. Banta h iv e commenced the construct on of another “Le vtathan of the deep" in the shape of a magnificent steamer, 275 feet in length, and of 1300 tons bur den. Bhe is to be built for M. Kinisman, Esq., and will be the largest yet afloat upon the Lakes. The keel is soon to be laid and she is to be launch ed in the tall and come out in the spring. ’ v The people of Great Britain must he fed during the next three months with Amer ican corn, from American hands. The bul lion now in the Bank of England will again leave those shores by every steamer anil every packet. The bank w ill continue her restrictions upon discounts; not a bill of any kind, no matter by whom offered, will be discounted after the first of June. This is not a prediction, but a well ascertained fact. What will be the inevitable result?— Merchants and tradesmen will not be able to pay their just debts, though possessing abundant capital, ami though really weal thy. Their stocks and property must be brought under the auctioneer's hammer,and their names will swell the Bankrupt’s List in the official gazette!-—[London Corres. of the Bost. Allas. That Whskey “Speculation.”—A few days since we stated that a gentleman had made a heavy purchase of whisky in Buffa lo, on the arrival of one of the steamers, the rise on which amounted to over eight thou sand dollars, in the course of a few days.— I Alas, however, for human calculations'.— i He held on « Hl tie too long, the news by the Cambria having completely’ knocked ■ the bottom outof his high wine speculations; i so that, instead of pocketing some eight or ten thousand dollars, cool profits, the price las even fallen below what he gave for it!— When will men learn wisdom, and be sat isfied with a respectable profit? Who’s crazy turn next. —| Koch. Daily Adv. Seduction and Murder.—Dr. S. S Perry was shot dead, while at the post office in .Montgomery, Alabama, on the 11 th iust. by Col W inston; he was Winston’s family' physician, his personal and political-friend, and had seduced his wifi. The affair was undergoing a judicial investigation, but pub lic s- uipalhy was altogether with Winston, learn with sipgere pleasure, that Lieut. Hunter, the gallant captor of Alvara do, has been, ordered to a command in lite Mediterranean. Thus the Government vir tually reverses the sentence of the naval court, and restores at once to the service one of the bravest and cleverest of those who I have contributed to maintain the honor of the American flag.—[Argus, ’T The foundation stone of the Jackson .Monument is to be laid on the 15th of March next, the birth-day of the old hero. A man took off his coat to show a terrible wound he had rccicved some years past. “O!” said he on not being able to find it, “I remember now, ’twa» my brother Bill’s arm.” We learn from the Boston Pest that last Wednesday, in that city’ there was a very’ impressive and solemn \fttneralm Water street. A barrel of porter had fallen from a truck, and some fifty mourners were stan? ding round the 1 err.