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THE SUPERIOR TIMES,
rr rushed at superior, noroLAS CO., WISCOXSIX BY THE liDPEEIOS TIMES PEHTffIG CO. TERMS: - - Per Annum. We send the present number of the Superior Times to a number of our non-res ident property holders, and would request themto assistus by giving us their patron age. We would assure them thatthe Times will be always found advocating the best interest of Superior, and will endeavor to call theattcntion of the business community of tbe country at large to the commercial ad vantages of tins point, as compared with any and all others on Lake Superior. THE BOND BILL On the 20th day of October next all the Icgai voters ot the County of Douglas are called upon to adopt or reject by their bal lots what is generally known as the “bond hill;” in other words they arc then to de termine whether the County of Douglas shall become a stockholder in the Superior and State Line Railroad Company. No person of ordinary intelligence can deny that the building of this line of rail road communication to its proposed inter section with the Northern Pacific Railroad, is a matter of paramount importance to Lite interests of this town. That, when com pleted, the easy grades, uniform straight course, and shorter distance of this road,! will give to it decided advantages over the | steep grades and sharp, abrupt curves of the Lake Superior Mississippi Railroad between ihe Junction and Dultuli. and thus enable us to successfully develop the great natural and commercial advantages of Su-i perior. In order to obtain these advanta ges the people ot Douglas County may rea sonably be expected to contribute their j share, and the chief question is whether the bill is sufficiently guarded in its provisions to protect the County from imposition, and to secure the investment of the funds thus ' raised to be appropriated to the construc tion of an enterprise so beneficial to us as a community. The enemies of Superior are fully alive to the importance of defeating this measure and are busy day by day in disseminating the most unlikely an 1 unreasonable stories in Yegard to that question. The act as it passed the legislature, appears in our columns this week, and will re main there until after the vote is taken. Every elector therefore can see and judge for himself We shall now merely attempt to correct some of the most prominent.ob it ctious, the most flagrant misstatements, which seem to be urged in secret upon our voters by the enemies of that measure. In the first place then it must be borne in mind that the bonds to be issued are not a donation to the State Line Railroad or to any corporation or person whatever. It has been said that if the people vote in fa vor of issuing the bonds, Mr. Stinson will get hold off hem and never build the road. f fhe proposition is absurd. The law pro vides that the lion Is to he issued shall be sold for cash, at not less than eighty cents on the dollar. It Mr. Stinson gets hold of the bonds he must m v them ; for the three hundred thousand dollars of bonds he must pay not loss than two hundred and forty thousand dollars in cash. Should the road not be built that, cash will be amply sutli cient to purchase back all the bonds, and leave the Countv a handsome profit out ot the transaction. The County then invests that cash by subscribing to the stock in the Stale Line Railroad Company to t he amount of not less than two hundred and forty thousand dollars; in other words the Coun ty becomes the owner of tour thousand eight hundred shares of stock in tl it cor- [•(•ration, and has one vote for each share of stock. It c..sts therefore 4,800 votes in the election of Directors, it casts 4,500 votes in directing and controlling the man agement of the road. Mr. Stinson owns only one hundred thousand dollars in the road, Messrs. Corcoran, Higgs, llright, Scott, Cass, and others will, under the agree ment entered into, subscribe and he tin* owners of three hundred thousand dol lars more. The County of Douglas there fore will east two votes and one-half near ly, to Stinson’s one, and will own consider ably more than one-third of the whole stoek. To a great degree therefore the mating* ment of the road, the pushing ahead of its construction, and the selection ot its will he in the hands ot the peo ple of this conntv; who hy the selection of proper agents, can control the road as against Mr. Stinson or any other ot the stockholders, against whom the enemies of the project seek to inspire our voters with such distrust. Again it is urged that the Corporation will take the money produced by the bonds, build the road therewith, and not pay any of the expenses out of their own pockets. Whit nonsense! The law makes the C unty to all intents and purposes a Stock- THE SUPERIOR TIMES. VOL. 1. holder in tbe Corporation, it has the rights and privileges of all other stockholders, and is subject to tbe liabilities of all other stockholders, and no moke. At the time of subscribing stock, the County pays into the treasury of the Corporation precisely the same percentage that any other stock holder is hound to pay, and no more. When an assessment is made all the stock the County pays its assessment like all the other stockholders and no more. Persons who urge such puerile objections only show, that they are either ignorant of the provisions of the hill, or else willfully misrepresent matters for their own sinister purposes. However, when wc reflect that all the other stockholders, Corcoran, Riggs, Stin son, Cass, Height, Scott, are large property i holders in this place, that they pay a very i large proportion of all the taxes levied in lliis County, that not only are they paying up their own assessments upon the stock in that Corporation, hut are in addition there to compelled to pay their full proportion of these very bonds and the interest thereon, while the benefit and advantages of the road will not go to them any more than any other tax-payer and resident in this county, in proportion to the property owned by them respectively, then the proposition that the entire road should he built by the county loses much of its seeming hardship. But no such proposition is made by the bill. All the other stockholders must pay every assessment upon every share of their stock as fast as the County of Douglas pays its assessments. The county stands merely on the same footing as any other stockholder. Why then this opposition, if it be con ceded that the advantages to be derived from the construction of that road, will jus tify the county to issue the bonds. As we said before, the bonds must be sold for cash, or else remain in the hands of the County Hoard of Supervisors. The con struction of the Superior and State Line Railroad is the only thing that will make those bonds valuable. Nobody will pur chase those bonds and pay the cash, ex cept the other stockholders of that Corpor ation, all largely interested in this county, and themselves the heaviest tax-payers therein; and they will not buy them unless thev intend to build the road. Hence it the people of this county vote in favor of issuing the bonds, and it is not the inten tion of the present stockholders and owners of that corporation to proceed with the construction of that enterprise, they cer tainly will not invest their money in the purchase of Douglas County bonds at eighty cents on the dollar to any very dan gcrous amount. The bonds in that case will remain unsold in the hands of the County authorities, and the people will not sustain any loss. On the other hand should the bonds be sold at the minimum rate fixed by the act, then it is a certain pledge that the purchasers will forthwith proceed to make their purchase valuable and pro ductive, and as that can only be done by the construction of the State Line Railroad, it secures the building of that line at the earliest practicable time, for the owner of those bonds would unite his votes with the votes of Douglas County, and push the road to completion. We are unable to perceive, bow Douglas County can possibly lose by issuing the bonds, but know that the building of that road will be an ample equivalent and ad vantage to every voter and taxpayer. Hence we are decidedly in favor of the Bond Bill. Throwing Away Advantages. From the New ork Timet, The opening of the Lake Superior Rail road I'rom Su Paul to Duluth has already begun to atfeet llie grain trade from Minne sota to the East, and in a very brief period much turn the entire volume of that trade through the great lakes. It seems, however, that New York capital and enterprise has over-looked i4ie great prospective ad vantages of this route, and permitted Phil adelphia and Baltimore to obtain an advan tage which may prove a very important one in the future. The Lake Superior Road is owned ami controlled in the interest of the Pennsylvania Centra!, and of course ail its travel and trattic will be directed, as lar as possible, over the latter road by way ot Erie, across the State ot Pennsylvania. Wry little, if any of it, vvi.l liud its way to tins city. It miyht have been supposed (hat two such la rye and interested corporations as the Kr e and c \ ork Central Jiailroad Companies would have discovered the ad vantage which (he Pennsylvania rival was obtaining, and (hut (hey would have striven to checkmate the movant nt.or at least to hart controlled it in the common iiittresis of all. Perhaps it >s not too late now. As an evidence of the rapidity with . which this new trade is being developed SUPERIOR, WISCONSIN, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1870. it may be stated that, although the elevator at Duluth is still unfinished, and the Lake j Superior Road has been opened little more | man a month, a propeller has already been freighted with grain to Erie, Penn, and that large consignments are to follow. It is also announced that a line of six iron propellers is being built to run regularly to Duluth, each to he of 1,200 tons burden, and to be ready for business the opening of navigation in 1871. A number of other propellers have also been transfered to that route from existing lines, sufficient to make a daily arrival and departure at each end of the route. Considering the immense trade which mast speedily come from th:it region , it shows a lack of enterprise on the part of the people of the Empire State * permit it to he thus diverted from our canals and railroads , without an effort to share its advantages. Waking up at last! Better late than never. The attention of the Eric and Cen tral R. R. Companies was long since called to this section and the immense trade destined to flow through it which might be made tributary to New York roads, hut those Companies seem to have been so absorbed in their own local squab bles that they could not see beyond their own State. The Philadelphia capitalists have laid hold of a magnificent prize in this country, and thus far have had the field all to them selves. But New York capital and enter prise can yet get a foothold here, ix Wiscon sin’, by uniting with us in building our pro jected lines of railway and in making Su perior the great entrepot of the trade of the country west of us, in opposition to Duluth in Minnesota, the city of the Pennsylvania Capitalists. Our advantages in the way of harbor, position and accessibility by rail, give us decided preeminence over any other point in the West for a great com mercial center, and New York should not be slow to grasp the prize here offered. We are open for bids. The great grain fields of the continent lie north south and west of us, and as the millions of bushels there to be produced will naturally flow eastward via Lake Sue perior, the cheapest channel, it becomes the capitalists of New York and the Past to take a hand in the great trade, and thus direct to their canals and "railroads at least a portion thereof. It will indeed show a lack of enterprise on their part if they do not. THE NEW ROUTE OF COMMERCE BE TWEEN THE MISSISSIPPI AND LAKE SUPERIOR Sauh St. Miiiic Correspondence of the Pittsburgh Commercial Railroads make great changes and cause great freaks in channels of commerce. Fortv-five years ago Chicago received its supplies of flour, pork and whisky from Pittsburgh, via Waterford, Erie, and Mac kinaw. Who would think of carrying sup plies of that kind from the smoky city to Chi cago at the present day, or any kind of freight by the route indicated ? One month ago the steamers plying between Chicago and Du luth, and Detroit and Duluth, carried all the provisions consumed on Lake Superior up ward - The railroad from St. Paul being completed, the same steamers which a month ago carried flour to Duluth are now laden with flour from St. Paul for the eastern makets, while already vessels laden with coal for St. Paul whiten the face of the waters of Lake Superior, and merchandise which formerly found its way to the north west via Chicago is now passing through the Sault canal for country around and be yond St. Paul. The shipping trade this season, as shown by the amount of 101 l col lected on the canal, about double that of 1 80S, and exceeds that of 1860, by one third. There are now really but two places on Lake Superior which are worthy of men-1 lion, namely, Marquette and Duluth. The ! former is a* place of some 1,500 inhabi j tants, is situated on a bay which furnishes I a commodious harbor, and is to become a! town of vast importance. It is some 20 j miles from the iron mines, and is surround- i ed with some 40 iron furnaces, most of i which iron will have to find water trans- j portation at its docks. The place has sev eral rolling milN, two bai ks, gas and wa ter, and a number of tine buildings, and a busy, energetic, and go-a-nead population. Duluth, the rival of Chicago, is the other place, and is situated at the extreme end of lake Superior ; and, although but one year old, has some a,OOO inhabitants; a fine hotel capable of accommodating at lea>t l-*0 iruests comfortably ; a mini her of splendid churches, a grain elevator, and from 75 to 100 whisky shops. The great drawback to the place is the want of a safe harbor, which they never can have, and the want of a good country around it. As the ter minus of the Lake Superior and Mississippi railroad it will always be a place of some importance, but that it will be the great mart at the head of the lake I cannot be lievc. The extract from the Pittsburg Commer cial given above, which we find copied by the St. Paul Press of Sept. 2nd, is evident ly written in a spirit of friendliness toward Duluth, a fact which makes one statement i which it contains all the more remarkable. We refer to the expression “the great drawback to the place is the want of a safe harbor, which they never can have.” Whether the correspondent of the Com mercial lias hit the exact truth or not, is a matter we shall not discuss at present, but we take occasion to remark that no such “drawback” as “the want of a safe harbor'’ has ever been imputed to Superior by any man in his senses whether friend or foe. No one ever argues the question as to whether Minnesota Point will ever be swept away by Northeasters in the fall, or icebergs in the spring. And it is the com mon impression received by unhiaseO visit ors to this section that when the Creator made such a harbor as that formed by the hay of Superior in front of such a magnifi cent plateau as that on whichSupcrior stands, it was meant to be used by all the shipping of a great city, for a glance of the eye shows that the tonnage of the lakes might lie there in safely. One hundredth part of the money wasted in constructing artificial harbors would quickly prepare this fine Bay in all its land-locked expanse of one mile by seven to receive the largest vessels at any point along its practically endless water front. As it is, the largest steamers even now come to the docks at Superior and certaiwJy never think the want of a safe harbor a “drawback” to the place. DEATH OF HON JOHN L- DAWSON We are pained to notice the recent death of Hon. John L. Dawson of Pennsyl vania, who has been so long and well known to this community. The unexpect ed announcement of his decease fell upon as, as that of an old and tried friend, sud denly taken away. He was a man of fine culture, of warm sympathies and fast friendships. Of noble proportions, physical as well as intellectual and apparently strong in con stitution, he seemed to promise the full measure of existence. And this, no doubt he might have attained, had it not been for the malignant occasion of the public dinner at the National Hotel in Washing ton some years ago, from which so many well known men dated their death, or an impaired and lingering life—and among the latter probably was Gen. Dawson, who was present. He was a prominent and able advocate of the extensive system of railway and oth c improvements directed towards this Lake, and urged in public and private those wise and effective measures, which he thought most conducive to their best ac complishment. His speeches in Congress, nigh twenty years ago, upon the Homestead, were of the ablest delivered upon that subject and abounded in illustrations of his thorough knowledge of the immense, and then but little known territory now opening to the Northern Pacific Railway, and of almost prophetic insight into its grand aud illimit able future. Under the fervor of his clear •loquence became visible the outlines of new states and communities in the Northwest, which in the full H*ht of later events have been made manifest to the ordinary vision. From his pen came the most complete and graphic sketch we have ever seen of the natural Lake and River routes that traverse this continent, east and west, and of the great harbor of Superior with its surroundings, as wonderful after its kind, as are the maritime channels of which it is, so to speak, the head and center. Gen. Dawson first took his place in Con gress in 1882, we believe, and sat for three consecutive terms —afterwards re turned in 1864 and held until 1868—-a period of political service—as Representative from Pennsylvania, which evidences the public estimation with which he was regarded. We close this brief reference to the dis tinguished dead, with heartfelt sympathy for those his near kindred and neighbors, to whom the deprivation comes home with peculiar weight. OUR RAILROAD SURVEY -FROM SUPE RIOR TO IHE NORTHERN PACIFIC R R From gentlemen who have recently come in from Twin Lakes we learn that the work of surveying the route of the State Line Railvoad is progressing finely. As the line heretofore surveyed between here and the State Line, about fourteen miles, will not be altered, the parly commenced work at the Slate Line and on Tuesday evening was- encamped on the Fondulac road, having run out over six miles of line. The instrumental surveys prove that the route is more favorable for a railroad than even its advocates insisted could be found. Thus far the country examined, from the State Line lo the Fondnlae road, and a distance beyond the latter, is gently undulating with no steep hills nor deep ravines, requiring only the plainest engineering skill to devel opc a line that is all that could be dt sired. The land is covered with a thick growth of oak, hard and soft maple, yellow and white birch, with now and then a tall pine, and but little underbrush. The soil is a sandy loam with clay subsoil, and exceeding rich for farming purposes. At Fitzpatrick’s, Stull’s, Dunpby’s and other farms along and near the lino, corn, barley and oats, pota toes, turnips, cabbages, onions, &c. of re markable size and fine quality are raised in groat abundance. Our informants say hat a field of Norway oats at Fitzpatrick’s was the finest they ever saw in any coun try* As the road approaches the Lake Supe rior & Miss, and Northern Pacific R. K.’s, the country becomes more broken and hilly, but yet presents no particular obsta cle in the way of a good railroad line. At the present rate of progress the party will j reach the Northern Pacific junction in a few days, but after reaching that point I they Will likely spend a week or ten days! longer in the woods, definitely locating the line. Great is the difference between the route of the State Line 11. R. and that of the Lake Superior & Miss. R. R. from the Lake to the Northern Pacific Junction. The latter is over two miles longer, fully one-third we should think, is built either through deep cuts or over high trestle work, and in the last seven or eight miles, be tween Fondulac and the St. Louis crossing, the rise of land, some 500 feet, has to be overcome, necessitating a grade of f>o and 70 feet to the mile. In this distance the road runs over one of the roughest pieces of country to be found anywhere. It is a succession of high hills with precipitous sides and deep ravines, rocky gorges, and chasms grand and terrific to the beholder. Here are long and gigantic trestle bridges 150 feet high, and cuts through the rock of equal depth, with many sharp curves, several of them on the trestles and iu the cuts. The building of this short piece of road cost millions of dollars, and occupied more time than the whole of the balance of the road, it being the last to be finished. One of the contractors informed us some time since that the simple grading of the line in this place cost over 1-50,000 per mile! Although the road is in very good condition, passengers have a mortal dread of this part of the line, and nothing could induce them to travel over it, were there another and safer route. That other route will be found in the State Line R. R. which will run on an al most east and west line from the Northern Pacific Junction to the liny of Superior, being, as it will be, a direct continuation of the N. P. into Superior over a compara tively level country, following the “divide” between the Nemadji and St. Louis Rivers, with a grade nowhere to exceed 30 feet to the mile, no curves, and a shorter line ! Who then can deny that Superior has advantages superior to any other point at the head of the lake? In addition to her fine natural facilities for railroad connec tions she has a splendid natural harbor ca papable of floating the shipping of the world, a magnificent site for a great city, a surrounding country' rich in timber, min erals, and agricultural capacity, and a cli mate unsurpassed for health; and what more need she ask ? We answer: capital, energy and emi gration, to assist us in building our rail roads, in starting manufacturing, and in developing our land an i varied resources. Let these be induced to come into the country and our prosperity is assured. WHEREAS SIXTEEN PERSONS hare associated themselves together, under the provisions of Chap. 73 of the Ivevised Statutes of Wis consin, for the purpose of publishing a newspaper in Superior, in said State, under v'he name of the “ Su peiior Tunes Printing Company. Now therefore, Notice is hereby (mm, That the first meeting cf said corporation wiff be held at the office of E. W. Anderson, Jr, No. 317, West Second St., in Superior, Douglas County, Wisconsin, on SATURDAY, THE BTH DAT OT OCTOBER, 1870, at three o’clock r. for the purpose of formally sub scribing stock in said corporation, and organizing the same by the election of five Directors, and transacting such further business as may lawfully come before such meeting. S. S. Wakbaxk, H. S, Sttekr, K. V. Becker, I>. G. Morrison, IF. W. Shaw, Jos Cirra.x, James Barron, Jf. M. Peyton, E. W. Anderson, Jr. THOMAS CLARK, All orn e y at La w , Probate Registrar and U. S. Court Commissioner for Douglas County, Wis. Removed to Ho, 282 Second St, SUPERIOR • • - Wisroxsix. A.clvei'tising- Scale. lw. 2w. 4w. 3m Cm lyr 1 square, | 1,00 | 1.50 | *.OO | 4.00 | ~<) slo.*>O 2 squares, 2.00 3.00 4.00 7.00 10.00 15 *>o 3 squares, H.OO 4.**o 6.00 I** 00 15.*X> 2'* <>o i column, 5.00 750 I*M*o 15.*m* 22.00 3'*.**** i column, B.<*o 12.00 16.00 24.00 35.**** 5*.00 I column 12.00 18.00 22.00 30.00 50.00 80.00 A square will be counted tbe space of eight lines of this kind of t< pe. Business cards 5 linos *>v less |5.00 a rear. Legal advertisements charged at the raies prescrib ed by Statute. Special notices 10 cents per line for each insertion. Transient advertisements mast be paid for in d -vance; all others quarterly. NO. 4. ISS6. SUPEHIOB mu. LAND AGENCY. ! OFFICE, SO. *47, WEST 2ND ST. E. W. ANDERSON, JR., Real Estate bought and sold on commission. Titles Examined and correct abstracts furnished. Taxes Paid for non •osidents. Land Warrants Located, and all business in con nection with Real Estate promptly attended to. Desirable Lota and Lands in and around SI'I’K RIOH, DULUTH, and FONDULAC, for sale. Several Tracts of Choice Pine Lands on naviga ble streams and very accessible, for sale. Foreign and Domestic Exchange bought ami sold. Passage Tickcte frow nil ;wrts of Europe for sale. With an espent*net* of mrrrrEt\ years in this sec tion. I aiu thoroughly ported l in a!T that pertain* u* real estate, am!> parties desiring to invest in or around Superior or I>lh,. or having property to sell would do well to confer either in. person or by letter with E. W. Anderson, Jr., REAL ESTATE BROKER, Summon City, Wisconsin, Peter E. Bradshaw. John W. Bradshaw. F. E. Bradshaw Go., 2nd St., Summon, Wis., We have recently received a large and well selected stock of UiiS, which we arc selling at the LOWEST MARKET RA TES. Wc do not claim to sell goods at, or below cost; but wc do claim to sell them at prices which* will give satisfaction to our customers. DRY GOODS: lu this department will be found ;i general assort ment of DR ESS GOODS, and trimmings of the taifft nitfl'X and patterns and also a large variety of- CLOTHS ami CASSIM ERL’S Ac. CLOTHING: Our stock of clothing has been purchased w ith spe oial reference to the cliiuae and to the WANTS OF THE PEOPLE , and we think we can si it u.l w!k> may Sawor us with a call. In th'm line will be found a good selection of RE&RER GOODS, consisting of COATS, BLAS KE.T t LEG (JISS, Ac., and also, OIL CLOTIIISG of variotbfrsizes. Carpeting and TJTall Paper : Of VARTVTS, OIL CLOTHS, and WALL /'.I PKH, we have many handsome and excellent vani ties to which we iivite attention. GROCERIES & PROVISIONS: Jf w* are OTKRSTOCKtn in anything, it is in Groce;* tea and Provisions, of which we keep a (rood Stork, consisting of OJIO/CE and E. 1A 6’i (f It OC Kit IES as well as .S’TVI TLES. In this liife wo would call Special attention to our TEAS, which wo think nr-- not excelled by anything in the market. fs~Whcn visiting our ore, if you d<> not f< e wl * 'Ten v. -i",t, .! Sh Foil IT.