OCR Interpretation

The Superior times. [volume] (Superior, Wis.) 1870-1912, November 19, 1870, Image 1

Image and text provided by Wisconsin Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85040344/1870-11-19/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

by the
''TERMS: - - $2.50 Peb Annum.
The West Wisconsin and Chicago & North
western Railroads —Renewal of St- Croix
and Superior Land Grant.
The West Wisconsin Railroad com-
Imences at Tomah on the Milwaukee & La
[Crosse Railroad, about 50 miles east of La
Crosse, running thence northwesterly
through Black River Falls, Eau Claire, and
Menomine to Hudson on the St. Cioix, a
length of 150 miles.
We now have the gratifying intelligence
that alter December Ist, there will remain
only thirty-four miles to be built to com
plete the whole road to the St. Croix, the
grading for which is all under contract to
Ho UuWlivml by June next. Some w©rk upon
which has already been done. The iron
for the remainder of the road has lately
been bought on favorable terms, so that
the company will not bo obliged to resort to
proceeds of sales of their bonds at present,
nor until six months after the track is fin
ished tor the entire length, which will be
next summer. The net receipts of the
ninety miles in service, are about equal to
the interest on the bonds sold, and the debt
of the company.
To I>. A. Baldwin Esq , of Hudson, the
energetic President of the road, B due in a
large measure the credit of the successful
prosecution of this great work.
Coucei aiug the character of the country
traversed by tins road it may be well enough
to state that the Sixth Congressional District
of Wisconsin, (Gen. C C. W ashhurn s)
through a portion of which this road runs,
B the richest in lumber, grain, iron and
copper of any in the Lnited Stales. Some
districts may exceed it in any one of these
products, hut none approach it in all Also
the County of St. Croix, through which
this road will run. produces more grain
than any county in \\ isconsin, or than any
county in any slate adjoining Wisconsin.
The district has never been fully appreciat
ed, particularly that portion of it extending
northward from Lake St. f roix to the head
of Lake Superior.
Rumors, apparently well founded, have
latelv reached us to the effect that the
West Wisconsin road has been purchased
l,y ihc Chicago ifc Northwestern R. R. Cos.
I' j.on this subject we copy the following
from the Chippewa Falls [W is.] Herald:
oj t his to he generally conceded that
the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad
h i purchased the line of the W est \\ is
coiisin from Tomah to Hudson, which runs
ten miles trum this citv, and will connect
it .at l omah with the line from Harvard
.1 unction to Madison, Barahoo, etc.
This is ;in important move tor Chicago,
a,:,! wi 1 pi- ve Very advantageous to that
ci! y. It will uivc them a connection with
the Xurlhei n Pacific Road at Duluth
[look at \ our map, neighbor, and say Su
perior ( ity, in your own State I] ll will
open up to the merchants ot that city a
trading conn rv whose wealth has hitherto
never been appreciated, a region rich in
natural resources, and gaining every day.
Heretofore the lumbermen ot NN esl W is
ciu-iti have bought their goods in New
York in the fall; their purchases being
%erv la roe, as the only way of getting
them up was by -teamboating. Now, thi>
very trade will mostly stop in Chicago,
because it will not necessarily involve the
outlay ot -mi much capital at a time; the
railroads being almost at their door, mer
chandize eau he received in moderate
<pi i .title-, as the demand dictates.
'Ve ire at a loss t > understand why Mil
wankee has ;et this prize slip through her
lingers, times- it be that the city is entirely
imdlleivnl to the trade ot that portion ot
the Stale. The “ Cream < ity" has facili
ties einuioh to fairlv compete with Chicago
ii he v h de-ale trade; and certainly there
a e ew hu-me-s me: but what would pre
fer doing hu-ine-s in cities ot their own
-State. i >ut lint- far, we must confess that
th 1 nling men ot Milwaikee have allow
el lhemSelv es to be outgeneraled by Chi
cago iu every transaction.’
WV will In*re say that unless Congress
ivtu'W' i lu* land grant from Hudson to Su
perior Cn v, we very much tear that no
company will undertake to construct the
railway lulu ecu those points that will gi\e
Chicago and Milwaukee the desired con
nection with the Northern Pacific at this
place. It will be perceived that the entire
y State of Wisconsin, it not the whole North
west, is vitally uni rested in the extension
of the Si. Croix Lake Superior Land
(grant; and it is hoped that our delegation
in Congress will use every effort to procure
the renewal of the grant. The Govern
ment has received over half a million dol
l u*> tr mi -al s of land along this line, pur
t. nM .,I in the faith that the road would be
co i•-true etl, and as a matter of simple jus
tee Congress ought t* renew the grant
, r .,l let ilie r•d be built.
Mu. Josepii 1L Grown, one ot the pio
neer settlers of Minnesota, died in New
York City on th * 9th n t.
\i \ \ niiku Mi; hmo. s n ajority foi
dig -m t e First Wisconsin District
tu about 4.5u0.
Productions and Character of the Country
Around Superior City-
Our farming season is fast drawing to a
close, and on every hand we hear of abund
ant yields. A few years ago there was a
very general belief, which still prevails to
some extent with the uninformed, that this
was not an agricultural country. But time
lias demonstrated that the agricultural ca
pacities of this section are unsurpassed by
the finest producing districts of the older
The land in the greater part of this sec
tion of country is a red marl, in some parts
more or less mixed with sand and black
loam. It is a soil that decomposes and re
tains manure well, hence its great product
iveness. It is well adapted to wheat, par
ticularly the winter variety, and from thirty
to fifty bushels per acre, of a superior qual
ity, is not an uncommon yield. Oats, bar
ley, rye and peas are sure and abundant
crops; and for the production of potatoes,
turnips, cabbages, beets, etc., this section
is unrivalled, as the plenteous crops annu
ally raised attest.
The naiural grasses that abound in the x al
leys and alluvial bottoms are nearly sufficient
to supply our present demands, but timothy
red top, and clover, are cultivated to some
extent, and grow luxuriantly. The charac
teristic perfection and nutritious qualities
of the grasses in this section enables the
farmer^and teamster to keep their horses
and stock fat on it all winter, with much
less grain then in the middle states.
The climate is peculiarly adapted to the
cultivation of all these crops, from the fact
that when winter sets in there is no aitei
nate thawing and freezing, the operation
that kills the wheat, rye, timothy and clover
in the eastern and middle states. The
snow which falls in December remains till
April, and shields the tender roots till the
vernal sun starts everything into vigorous
life again.
The country around the head ot the lake
is thickly wooded with sugar maple, white
and yellow birch, spruce, poplar, ash and
oak. In several districts near the watei
courses, much excellent White and Norway
pine is found, the lumber from which, as
an article of commerce, is a source ot great
wealth; and affording the best material for
building our wharves, piers, dwelling and
business houses.
On the prairies south and west of us, the
high, cold winds which in winter prevail,
cause the snow to drift, leaving in many
places the tender grains and grasses expos
ed. But farms carved out of our surround
ing forests are protected from the winds
that assail the prairies, and the cold of win
ter, even if as intense, is certainly less sen
sibly felt.
The climate is as favorable for the tann
er as it is for his crops and stock — the salu
brity ot the atmosphere, its general refresh
ing temperature, keeping them always in a
condition to drive work ahead.
Pout age & Superior Railroad—lt is
stated that Capt. Wellman, engineer for the
Neenah and Superior Railroad, has started
to survey railroad routes from Menasha to
Manitowoc and from Appleton to Manito
woc —both lines to extend west from Doty's
These are southerly branches of the main
line of the Portage & Superior K.R., work
upon which at this end of the line we hope
to see commenced before long.
[ltems from Duluth Minnesotian of Nov. 1-.]
I ron xkar Drum. — It is understood, that iron in
l ar! re quantities and excellent quality has been discov
ered down the North Shore, some six miles below Du
luth. It is said that it was found by the officers of
the United Slates Lake Survey, while triangulating in
that direction during the summer. The magnetic in
struments showed so much disturbance at a certain
point, that search was instituted as to the cause ; when
the iron was discovered; and it being ascertained that
the deposit was on lands belonging to Jay Cooke, he
was w ritten to by members of the party, and the fact
communicated. This is the story as it was told to ns.
The discovery comes just right for our contemplated
furnaces and Bessemer Sue! Rolling Mills, (dor the
Northern Pacific) which in a few months more we will
see commenced in Duluth.
Things is Workin’. —We learn with great pleasure
that R. H- Morford Ksq., the energetic Superintendent
of the Northern Pactic freighting operations at Du
luth, has received information that < nables him to
state that the President and Board of Directors of the
Northern Pacific Railroad Company have formally
adopted a resolution appropriating SSOO,< M '° to erect
Rolling Mills to manufacture Bessemer Steel Rails foi
their road—the works to be erected as speedily as
possible —at Duluth. “Things is workin’.”
Wc have seen some indications during the last week
which satisfy us, that movements arc on foot to estab
lish at Duluth a National Bank with a large capital,
adequate to the wants of the place in the large opera
tions iii grain which must soon commence at this
point. We hail with satisfaction this information.
No point in the Union offers greater remuneration for
sul'il an enterprise.
Oir Stka* Fire Engine Arrived. —The Prop. At
bin tic brought on Thursday the Silsby Fire Engine or
dered sometime since by the City Council of Duluth.
It will be domiciled at the base of Minnesota Point,
near the Lake Shore; from which position, with its
1,500 feet of hose, it can roach most of the -business
quarters of Duluth in case of a lire. In the event of a
conflagration far down the Point, it would be easy to
run the machine down by the gravel road, and the
bay or lake would afford water accessible on either
band. We are inclined to think the Council have
acted wisely.
The necessity for a Flouring Mill is becoming more
apparent every day. There are daily receipts of feed
by Railroad and on Thursday there were six car loads.
There is a steady demand here for more feed than
would be made in a mill manufacturing all the flour
used in our city and along this lake.
Granite. —The granite, which exists in such in
exhaustible quantities on the town site of Duluth, is
growing in favor, the more its peculiar quality is inves
tigated and examined into. Its bluish gray color is
particularly rich for mellow contrasts: while its felds
par ind hornblende crystals, largo and well defined,
render it when polished one of the handsomest build
ing stones in the woild. Its oensity, 18(> pounds to
the cubic foot, puts it on a par with the celebrated
Staten Island Granite, giving it, like that rock, a de
cided advantage for the construction of submarine
works like breakwaters, requiring great stability:
while in color it more resembles the Quincy granite,
whose specific gravity is only 105 pounds—though the
color of the Duluth Granite is richer and more ceru
lean in its general tint. Major Newson has Lis steam
engine to work his granite drtsscr here, and before a
great while his productive operations will commence
in earnest: and we hear that Engineer George R.
Stuntz has leased a granite quarry near by, and de
signs going into the same business extensively. The
attention of the building world abroad, both on the
chain of groat lakes and in the Valley of the Missis
sippi, is being eagerly directed to the Duluth granite
as desirable building material.
Northwestern Railway Extension. —
The Chicago Railroad Gazette , as
follows of this line and its connections :
The Barahoo Air Line has been located from Lodi
through Barahoo to Recdsburg, crossing the Wiscon
sin river above Sauk City. The contract fur the road
bed between Lodi and Barahoo has been let (with the
exception of the bridge across the Wisconsin, the plans
of which are not yet matured,) to Fox A Howard ot
this city, who also have the contract for the section
between Madison and Lodi. The line between Madi
son and Barahoo is to be completed by the Ist of July.
The section between Barahoo and Recdsburg will not
be let until next spring, and probably will be com
pleted within a year The road may nt tbe extended
beyond Reedsburg until after next year. The entire
line is to be located to LaCrosse in a few days. Be
yond Recdsburgh for some distance the work will be
very light; but further west there will be two or three
tunnels through sand stone blurts. Engineers are
making surveys for a branch to Tomah, to connect
with the West Wisconsin Railway. This branch will
be eighteen or twenty miles long, and will intersect
the main line probably about fifteen miles beyond
The Public Domain-Politics, & R R. Grants.
The attention of our readers and Con
gressional "and State Representatives is
called to the following from
Falls (Wis.) Herald ', which we endorse:
Within the last year, it has become fa>h
inonaole tor political conventions to pass
resolutions in which the “sacredness of
ihe “public domain” is touchingly alluded
to, and resolutions passed denouncing the
appropration of lands lor building railroads
a swindle. It is also a noticeable fact that
the localities wherever such kind of conven
tions meet, are generally ones that have
been the recipients of railroad benefits se
cured through these very grants ot land.
It has often been remarked that one of
the noticeable traits of a politician’s char
acter is a perfect willingness in perpetually
holding himself ready to kick away the lad
der by which he has climbed up to prom
inence and fame. That peculiar eccentri
city is now beginning to be exhibited in
certain communities —the passage ot just
such resolutions as we have alluded to
alone being a complete proof.
But is it right? Is it just? Are these
lauds so valuable that the taking of them
for railroad purposes is speculative robbery ?
We think not. Most of them lie in places
where, without the iron track, they are
perfectly valueless. They only become an
object when the railroad passes through
them, and the government really makes
money in granting alternate sections to any
company that will thus open them up to the
market of the world.
The Chippewa Valley contains immense
tracts of public hinds that would he worth
ten times more it a railroad was in conve
nient proximity. On the route between
Chippewa Falls and Superior City, on Lake
Superior, there are valuable tracts of land
which, at the present time lay hidden, just
as ice remains congealed in the spring,
when in a shady place. lint once let the
iron horse go traveling through, and pres
tol what a change! A desert springs in
to thrifty farms; a bountiful soil, which
has idly sucked in the rain and refreshing
dews for years, becomes infused with ener
gy, while thrift and prosperity watch wih
emotion the rich harvests and plethoric
store houses; where now the air rings with
the melody id the denizens ot the toiest,
there would be the
—“low of cattle and song of birds,”
and stately houses would plough the air
with their sloping roots; instead ot the
sturdy j)iue or leafy maple.
These would he some ot the benefits de
rived from a railroad. Without that,
th- ti'di, the land continues to be uninhab
itable, and the government is minus the
money which it would otheiwise bring.
And so, while conventions are prating
about the 4 sacreoness ot Hie “ public do
main,” would it not be well tor the mem
bers to ask themselves the question, “have
ever been benehtted hy a land giant
railroad,” and “is it not really better and
more profitable tor the government to give
alternate sections to any corporation that
will open up a country where the balance
can be sold at a 1 price?
We are confident that the people will
answer in the affirmative, and rebuke the
petty attempt of cheap demagogues to
make capital out of such flimsy economical
KtGiiT years ago the* i e were but ten
miles of railroad —from Sr. Paul o St. An
thony —in the State ot Minnesota; today
there arc over a thousand. M hat a giant
march! ____________________
It is estimated ihit America, when her
productive power is fully developed will be
able to feed four lim.-s as man\ persons as
there are now on the lace ot the earth.
The Northern Pacific—The Progress of Con
From the Minneapolis Tribune, 12th.
Track laying on the Northern Pacific
railroad is still progressing west of the
Junction, [23 miles west of Superior] and
will continue as fast as possible all winter.
Twenty-five miles are now laid. Grading
of course progresses uninterruptedly be
yond the end of the track, and from the
Mississippi river west on the western divis
ion. There are about 3,000 men employed
along the line, and the force is increasing
every day. Sixty miles have been graded
w’est from the Junction. The following
are the names of the contractors who are
at work upon the incomplete portions of
the line vo Red River, commencing at the
end of the grading, about 56 miles from the
No. Miles.
John and Gilbert Graham 7}
Charfes Smith 2
Smiih & Gould L r >
D. 8. Batch & Cos 12
F E. Canada has the contract for build
ing the bridge across the Mississippi, and
the bridges, trestle work, piling, &c.,
along the whole line.
No. Mi es.
Aden A Bishop (about completed) 20
Scully & Taylor, (about completed) 5
Rose A Van Buren G
Bruce A Thompson 4
G. M. C. Brackett A Cos. 23
T. M. Ault - 5
Jamison A Robb 5
G. M 0. Brackett A Cos -12
W. C. Vaughn - 45
Which includes the remainder of the
distance to Red River.
At the close of this month one hundred
miles of grading will he finished, and forty
miles (f track laid.
There are parties of engineers at work
const mi tly between the Red River and the
Missouri, making surveys, profiles, and fi
nal locations, and from the Pacific Ocean
eastward the great work is being mapped
and profiled preparatory to construction.
The most remarkable feature of w ork on
the Northern Pacific railroad will be that
it will not cease all w inter. The contract
calls for the completion of the road [to Red
River] by July Ist, and there is little doubt,
judging from the rapidity of construction
thus far, that the road will he finished
within the contract time.
Growth of the Union.
The following table shows the compara
tive growth in population of the cities
named since 1800:
Names. 1870. 1860-
New York 907,979 813,869
Philadelphia ...759,000 582,5*29
Brooklyn 406,007 266,714
St. Louis 312,963 151,780
Chicago 297,718 109,260
Baltimore 267,599 212,418
Boston 253,924 177,812
Cincimati 215,000 161,044
Now Orleans 184,688 173,783
Buffalo - 114,247 81,129
Washington 109,838 61,1 32
Cleveland 93,018 42,417
Pittsburgh 87,254 49,217
Detroit - 79,619 43,417
Milwaukee 71,464 45,245
Providence, R. I. 68,870 50,666
Rochester, N. Y r 62,427 50,938
Allegheny City- 53,185 28, m 2
New Haven, Conn 50,886 39,267
Memphis - 50,"00 22,500
Charleston, S. C 48,431 40,578
Worcester, Mass 41,168 25,960
Lowell, Mass 40,937 36,827
Indianapolis 4 7,648 18,611
Cambridge, Mass 39,650 2b,0(j0
Hartford, Conn 38,790 29,152
Toledo - 31 -93 18 758
Columbus 31,336 18,554
j Wilmington.. 30,901 21,258
Dayton. --- 90,666 20,08 l
Lawrence 29,931 17,639
Charleston, Mass 28,330 27,063
Lynn, Mass. 28,231 19,033
Fall River, Mass. 26,778 14,027
Springfield, Mass 29,706 15,199
i Quincy, 111 24,368 13,032
Salem, Mass. - - - 24.119 22,252
Manchester, N. II 23,500 20,107
Peoria, 111..- 22,854 14.045
New Bedford, Mass 21,231 22,300
Oswego. N. Y 20,960 19,288
I Davenport, lowa 20,141 11,26,
I St. Paul, Minn— 20,045 10,401
Lake Superior Ikon —The Marquette
Journal of the sth gives the shipments ol
ore and pig iron for the season up to the
■2d inst. as follows;
From Escanaba 368.094 412,287
From Marquette 339,594 402,745
Totnl ore .727,088 815,010
From Escanaba (to Nov. 1) 6,363 7,115
From Marquette “ “ —22,944 25,664
Total pig iron 29,237 32,u79
Total ore and pig iron 746,955 847,789
TiiK Demand foi: Dead-Estate. —There
is nothing which more clearly indicates the
rapid advancement of Northwestern Wis
consin and Minnesota m substantial pros
perity, than the increasii g demand for real
Wild lands, especially, have been more
eagerly sought lor and have command
ed higher prices the past season than ever
The rapid building of railroads has done
more probably than any thing else to pro
duce this result. New towns and markets
are opened up, and lands whose remoteness
and facilities for transportation rendered
them almost valueless, are eagerly sought
for. Capital is generally sagacious to di'-
cern the advantages of investment, and the
fact that both home and foreign capital i
seeking investment in real estate, is a pretty
sure indication that a prosperous luture is
before us. —LaCrosse Leader.
The People own tiiE Lands. —During
the year ending June 30th, 1860, the Gov
ernment of the United States disposed of
to individuals, 5,089,574.21 acres of the
public land, a large proportion of which
was entered by settlers under home
stead law. Thus, by the operation of our
benificent land system, not less than sixty 1
thousand farms were in one year added to I
the agricultural freeholds of the United!
States—nearly double the entire number I
ot land owners in England, according to I
the British census of 1802. We now have I
in the United State* an aggregate of over
five and a half millions of land owners, not
less than four millions of whom are agri
cultural freeholders In no other country
in the world have so large a proportion ot
the citizens an absolute interest in the soil,
and indeed, history furnishes no parallel.
This distribution of the landed proprietor
ships of the nation, places in the hands of
a free people the complete control of their
own political and social destiny.
Postal Gauds. —There is good reason to
expect that the Post Otlice Department will
soon be authorized by Congress to issue tor
the public use postal cards similar to those
now so popular in Germany, and* which
have lately been introduced into the postal
service ot Great Britain. These cards have
a place lor direction, name, and place. They
are about two and a half by three and a
half inches, with ruled lines, and a postage
stamp printed on one of the corners. They
will probably be sold at two cents, and
will find here, as in Europe, abundance ot
purchasers. Kept in the pocket-book, a
message may be written, on them while on
the street corner, or in a car or carriage,
and they may be dropped in the nearest
post box, or thrown into the mail car, and
thus hundreds of messages will be sent by
mail which arc not sent now, simply be
cause the materials for writing are not at
hand, or it is too much trouble to write a
letter which is always supposed to be more
or less a formal document. These hastily
scribbled cards have added largely to the
English postal revenue, and proved a pub
lic convenience of no mean character. We
have no doubt the Dost master General will
recommend their use in the American Pos
tal Service in his annual report, and that
we will have them in use before the close
of the winter.
Causes of Sudden* Death. —Very few
of the sudden deaths which are said (o
arise from “diseases of the heart” do really]
arise from that cause. To ascertain the]
real origin of sudden deaths, experiments j
have been tried in Europe and reported to
a scientific? congress held at Strasbourg.
Sixty-six cases of sudden death were made
the subject of a thorough post mortem ex
amination ; in these only two were found
who had died from disease of the heart.
Nine of sixty-six had died from apoplexy,
while there were forty-six cases of conges
tion of the lungs —that is, the lungs were
so lull of blood they could not work, there;
not being room enough for a sufficient
quantity of air to enter to support life.
The causes that produce congestion of j
the lungs are cold feet, tight clothing, cos
tive bowels, sitting chilled after being war
med with labor or a rapid walk going too
suddenly from a close, heated room into
the cold air, especially after speaking, and
sudden depressing news operating on the
blood. r l he causes of sudden death being
known, an avoidance of them may serve to
lengthen many valuable lives, which would
otherwise be lost under the verdict of “heart
complaint.” That disease is supposed to
jbe inevitable and incurable, hence, many
| would not take the pains they would to
1 avoid sudden death if they knew it lay in
their power.
In Wisconsin thecheese factories, which
numbered only eight in 18G8, have now ris
en to sixty-two, with 10,817 cows attached,
and producing 5,000,000 pounds of cheese,
which, at fourteen cents a pound, would be
worth $7u0,000.
Cure for Lockjaw. —A correspondent
of the Scientific American recommends tur
pentine as a cure for lockjaw. He says:
Let any one who lias an attack of the lock
jaw f ake a small quantity of turpentine,
warm it and pour it on the wound, no mat
ter where the wound is, or what nature it
is, and relief will lollow in less than one
minute. Nothing better can be app ied to
a severe cut or bruise then cold turpentine;
it will give certain relief almost instantly.
Turpintiue is also a sovereign remedy
for croup. Saturate a piece of tianuei with
it and place the flannel on the throat and
chest, and in very severe cases three to five
drops on a lump of sugar may be taken in
Ix testing Hour, the writer of the follow
ing, which we quote from a provincial pa
per, speaks as one with authority, and we
give it the advantage of our circulation for
the good of whomsoever it may concern:
Place a thimbleful in the palm of the hand
and rub it gently with the finger. If the
Hour smooths down, feeling gentle and
slippery, it is of inferior quality, though of
fanev brand, high priced, and white as the
virgin snowdrift, and will never make good,
light wholesome bread. But if the flour
rubs rough in the hand, feeling like line
sand, and has no orange tint, purchase con
fidently. It will not disappoint you. Such
flour, whatever may be its branded reputa
tion, though its price be at the lowest fig
ure, will make good,* light, nulricions
Advertising' Scale.
1 week. 2 weeks. * weeks. 3 mo’s. 6 mo's. 1 vr
1 square, SI.OO $l5O $2.00 $4.00 $ 6.00 SiOI
2fxj(ircs 2.00 3U) 40) 7.00 10.00 1o(0
3 <jnare, S 00 4 00 6 00 10. ! O h oi 3liO
p* column, 5(0 7.50 1 'll 15 ,v ‘2 •
1 -2 c Ilium, >.?* 12 ■(■ 10 ‘
Ici-'u.n, 12.-0 I - ' i-o 2. ■
AaHU re ;il b>- CnaiiU.i the jI- I. t- ,
Business cur.ls 5 lines or les- ?0.00 \eur.
I-egnl advertisements i hrged ai the 1 ;oes pre 1; ile l 1\
Special notices 10 rents per line for cnrti insertion.
Trausieot silver-i-einents must 1-e jail fr 1 h*W nr ; --I*
others quarterly.
Advertisements n--t ollicrwise ordi re-1 ro- to.nr- .ei ( 1 :
tinned until ordered --lit. -n-l rl.ai _-ed -■•. r .eg!
No proof -f i! advertisements fniuisl.- l u t M >
tisement is paid fur.
NO. 11.
Tin-: Sailt Canal—The conira. t f
the ini jno veil 1 cut ami repairs on the S 11 r
Canal lias heon let to barker, Wi Hams A;
Hangs, of Syracuse, N. V., at the t- liow
in" prices:
For rock excavation $3.50 per cubic yard ; for srav
cl excavation So cents per cubic y.-nl; fur re- 2
walls 15 cen's p- r cubic foot; for rebuilding guul
gates, Si s. p,. r foot.
The guard gates arc to be removed to a point T o
feet nearer the head of the canal, and It is exja-eted
that the amount available (about $l4o>oo) i!l be
sufficient to complete the work, to include the guaid
gates in their new position.
Potatoes are more nutritious baked •1 1 m
they are cooked in any other manner; and
they relish belter with those who have n. t
been accustomed to eat them without sea
soning. Wash them clean, but do not
soak them. Hake them t*e> as
sible without burning in the least. As
soon as they are done, press each potato in
a cloth so as to crack the skin and allow
’he steam to escape. It’this is omitted the
best potatoes will not be mealy. They
should be brought immediately t-> the table,
as they will soon become Solid and lose
their Haver.
—■ ■
A barrel of flour weighs 19(5 pounds, a
barrel of pork *2OO pounds, a barrel of rice
600 pounds, a keg of powder 25 pounds, a
firkin of butter 50 pounds, a tub of butter
81 pounds. The following are sold b\
weight per bushel; Wheat, bean- and clo
ver seed, <3O pounds; corn, r\e and flax
seed, 55 pounds; buckwheat, 52 pounds;
barley, 48 pounds ; coarse salt, 85 pounds.
—The payments lor September were:
Civil and miscellaneous, £ 1,578,824.86 war,
$ 1,594,548.08 ; navy, £1,515,997.07; Indi
ans and pensions, $6,543,989.11. Total,
£ll 7,233,359. 12.
Relieving Choked Cattle. —We have
a simple instrument, here in uiir nei hbor
hood for relieving choked cattle. It is sim
ply i tarred rope one and a half inches in
diameter, and five or six feet long. The
end that is intended to go down the throat
is trimmed off and wound with a piece of
cotton cloth and smeared with soft grease
before using. With this I have relieved
five within the last two years. Tie the crea
ture up, let one man ho and the left horn with
his right hand, and take the creature's
longue out with his left, while another man
runs the rope down. It is limber enough
to follow the passage, yet stiff enough to
remove all obstructions. There should be
one or more in every neighborhood.—
W. Farmer.
—Wheat Hour, one pound is one quart.
Indian meal, one pound two ounces is
one quart.
Butter wlien soft, one pound one ounce
is one quart.
Loaf’ sugar, broken, one pound is ore
While sugar, powdered, one pound one
ounce is one quait.
Best brown sugar, one pound two ounces
is one quart.
Eggs, average size, ten are one pound.
Liquid Measure—Sixteen tablespoon tills
are half a pint.
Comp let Ki). — The great bridge across
the Chippewa river at Kan Claire, was
completed last week. The Eau Claire
Free Press says:
“The bridge oper is 720 ft. in length, having tres
tle work at each end, is 82 ft. above high water mark.
It is a magnifies nt structure, and the builder-, Messrs.
(’. C. & E. E. Smith of La Crosse, are deserving of
groat praise for their persevering labors.”
Perry’s Insurance Oefice is open for business eve
ry day. WILLIAM R. PERRY, Agent.
If you need indemnity against Fire, call at Perry’s
xsr 'range Office, WILLIAM R. PERKY, Agent.
The St. Louis Home Journal has roun
; ded its third year, and comes to ns fresher
and better than ever. We advise all our
friends to lake the “Literary Paper of the
West,’’ —it is worth much more than the
price asked. There should be a large club
got it]) here. The price to clubs is very
low. Send for a specimen number to the
Home Journal, St. Louis, Mo.
UoO, SUPKRK >lt is 70.
PtCal Estate bought and sold on commission.
Titles Examined and correct abstracts furnished.
Taxes Paid for non-residents.
Land Warrants Located, and all business in cor
nection with Real Estate promptly attended to.
Desirable Lots and Lands in and aiound SUPE
RIOR, DULUTH, and FONDULAC, for sale.
Several Tracts of Choice Pine Lands on naviga
ble streams and very accessible, for sale.
Foreign and Domestic Exchange bought and
Passage Tickets to and from all parts of Europe
for sale.
With an cxpciaencc of fooetbe*' years in this sec
tion, I am thoroughly posted in all that pertains to
real estate, and parties desiring to invest in or around
Superior or Duluth, or having property to sell would
do cH to confer either in person or by letter with
K. AV. Anderson, ,T!•.,
Superior Citv, Wisconsin,

xml | txt