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Q\ HEAIUNK BIRDS SI!VG,
BT MRS M. A. SPOONEB. From sweet sleep refreshed they spring, Mounted high on joyful wing, l ove’s glad carol hear them sing ; K irth’s low joys beneath them lie, t’nheeded by their raptured eye, I’ierciug the bright, the deep blue sky ; Oh my soul! thy lesson win— Soar aloft to honor Him, And to sound God’s praise begin. Far above the world be seen. Unruffled by its passing divaui u glory clad, with peaceful melr... Then like them thou ’lt pass away, Not waiting for the gloomy day. Nor with the slightest wish tc stay ; And when the dismal winter’s past, Hope to love resigned at last. In bliss, for aye. thy lot be .asl. KILL OR CURE. Frm Every Saturd: y. One evening, late in November, an man with beetling brows, pierc ing gray eyes, thin compressed bps, and long bony hands, sat in a shabby furnished room in a splendid old house, casting up accounts by the light of a single candle. The weather being cold, one of those baskets for live ooals which are sometimes most appropriately call ed “kill-joys,” glimmered in the huge grate. The door of the room, which opened into the fine oak-panelled hall, was ajar, and presently a servant-girl, bearing a light, flitted by from the stair case. Her master called her. “Hi, Jenny ! come here. What makes yon look seared ? Is your mistress worse ?” “ I'm afeared so, Sir Timothy.” “ Eh ! what ?—really bad ?” “ Ye-es.” “ Going to die?” “She says so, Sir Timothy, and O, she looks it 100 1 O sir,” cried the girl, earnestly, blurting out what was on her soul, “ if she were to die without a doc tor !” This abnormal possibility shocked Sir Timothy Grabhara also, the invalid being, in a manner dear to him. It was a very general notion amongst his neigh bors and tenants that the man was in capable of caring for anybody ; but this was prejudice ; he did care for his wife, after his own fashion. It was not per haps an enthusiastic attachment, or a deep one ; I don’t suppose that he loved her as well as a good bargain, forex ample ; but comparisons are odious. He remained silent for a while, look ing down, and then muttered, “ 1 de < lured that I would never seud for that h How Radford again”; which was an error on his part; he had never made that rash observation, —it was Mr. Rad ford who had vowed he would not come. “ Shall Charles go for Dr. Radford, please, Sir Timothy?” “ There’s no one else; sol suppose he must.” Jenny vanished in search of that foot man -groom-gardener named Charles ; and her master tried to get back into his sum, but made a mistake of two pcuce-farthing and lapsed into revery. Sir Timothy Grabham was not a nice man, but if he had remained indifferent to Ids wife’s condition, he would have been a monster. She had now, for thirty years, devoted herself to the dif tieult task of pleasing him; she had brought him money and saved liimmon ey; born economical, she had develop ed the faculty into extreme meanness, to gain his approbation. Passion would have been out of place at his age, and hers, but he esteemed her. After a hard day's work, Air. Radford had turned into bed with the snug con viction that he was going to remain un disturbed up to eight o’clock on the following morning, for Ids last “lady's ease” was going on as favorably as if civilization had been unknown, and no fellow-creature looked to him for in troduction into the world for the next fortnight to come. But at half-past eleven Ids sleep was broken by the night-bell, and he had to wrench him self from his warm nook in the feathers, feel for his dreesing-gowns and slip pers, blunder into the dressing-room, which looked out on the front of the house, and open the window. “ What is it ?” ho shouted, shivering as the frosty night-air blew in upon his face, and played about his unprotected legs. “ Please, sr, it’s me.” ‘ Idiot!—your name ?” “(’harles, from the Hall.” “ Then, Charles from the Hall, you may go back again, for i am not com ing.” “ My lady is very ill, sir.” “Can't lielp it. Tell your master that 1 won't attend him or his family, and he need send no more messages, as 1 shall muffle the night-bell.” And with these words the doctor banged down the window. “ What are yon doing, John?” said a voice from the bed presently. “Tyinga stocking around the clap per of this confounded bell.” “ What for?"’ “ To get a good sleep, iu spite of Sir Timothy Grabham.” “ Why, he has never sent for you !” “ He has, though, the insolent screw; his wife's ill.” “ <well, tie up the bell, John; she may be really bad, —dying, you know. ” “ What is that to me ?” “ 1 know they have treated us verv badly ; a rich man like that to refuse to pay for your attendance; it is un heard ot ! But other people might want you.” “ Not likely.” “No, but it is just possible. Don't muffle the bell.” f need hardly tell the married render ■find the doctor got growling into bed, 'nth the bell-clapper free to rouse him out again. In an hour's time the pro voking bit of iron availed itself of that bberty, but for some minutes Mr. Rad n>r.l declined to stir. Consideration ’or bis wife s rest, however, at length induced him to turn out once more, and again go through the process of refiig-; oration. “Sir Timothy’s messenger again, I suppose r he cried. “No, replied a well known voice; “ I am here myself.” “ For what, purpose. Sir Timothy Gnibham, do you come and disturb me, when you know very well that I never intend to enter your doors again ?” Ay, ay, replied the voice from be lon ; “but this is not a time to bear malice. 1 tell you that my wife is dan gerous ill, - dying, I believe; and if she dies for want of medical assistance, you will he responsible." “ Not so ; the responsibility will all lit' on your own shoulders. I am a poor man. working hard for my living, but no one over knew me neglect a patient because he could not pay me. Two- thirds of my work is done for nothing, and those "im can afford it ought to take some share nf the burden, more especially you, the lord of the manor, under whose protection the whole poor are placed by Providence. Instead of which, you refuse to pay me for actual attendance upon yourself and your fam ily for upwards of a year!’’ “ Stay, stay !” cried Sir Timothy : “ yon mistake: I never refused to pay you ; f only omitted to doso. Tenure n all v wrong to look upon it as a per son.tl matter, because I never pay anv one unless I am actually obliged.* Why did yon not bring an action ? But ! come, lot ns see if we cannot do busi ness together. Have ray wife, and will pay you a hundred pounds. There!” “Eh!” said Mr. Radford, rather staggered. “ But you know there is no taking your word for anything. “ Come dov a, and let me in, and I will put the promise down in black and white,” said Hir Timothy. “ That sounds like business, ' replied the doctor, not altogether sorry for an excuse for going to the aid of a dying woman. So he shut the window, put on some clothes, and admitted Hir Tim othy Grabham. taking him into his con sulting-room and lighting the gain “ Now, how am 1 to word it i in quired the baronet, taking up a pen, and arranging a sheet of foolscap before him. “ /promise to pay (he sum of £IOO to Mr. John Radford, surgeon, if he cures —” “ No, no,” interrupted the doctor ; “ ft is only quacks who make such bar gains as that; I must have my fee whether I am successful or not. ’ “ Very good,— 4 surc/con • for aften-, dance upon my wife , kill or cure. Will that do ?” “Yes; that will do; but sign it.” “O, I forgot. How stupid!” And Hir Timothy Grabham rppended his name to the document, which Mr. John Radford locked up in his desk ; and then putting on his greatcoat and hat, he left the house with lu,. successful visitor. He found Lady Grabham very ill in deed, quite past human aid, in fact; and though he was indefatigable in his attendance, and performed that feat which is popularly called “ exhausting the resources of his art,” she sank on the third day. The widower was not inconsolable. The undertaker took some timber which had lately been fell ed, in part payment of expenses; and on the very day of the funeral. Sir Tim othy let a farm, the lease of which had expired, at an increased rent, without having to do as much in the way of re pairs as iie had anticipated ; so that he was enabled to bear his domestic mis fortune like a Spartan. After a decent lapse of time, Mr. Radford sent in a note referring to the promise which Hir Timothy Grabham had made him, and requesting a check for a hundred pounds ; and no answer being vouchsafed to this communica tion, he presently wrote again in more urgent language; but the second letter was ignored as quietly as the tirst.— Then the good doctor got angry, and meeting his debtor one day iu the course of his rounds, he upbraided him with his conduct, and tnreatened to take legal proceedings. “ Quite right, doctor—quite right,” said Sir Timothy. “ Force me to pay I you, and I will do it ; but I never part with a farthing except under compul sion ; it is against my principles ; and I am sorry I.cannot make an exception in your favor.” 8o Mr. Radford put the matter in the hands of a lawyer; and in due time the : case came on. It was a gay day in the little country town, for the ease excit ed a great deal of curiosity and amuse ment ; the poor doctor, who was a gen eral favorite, had been pitilessly chaf fed, though everybody hoped for and anticipated his success ; and the court was crowded with county magnatesr. It added to the attraction of the affair that Sir Timothy Grabham, with all his faults, had the merit of being consis tent ; he would not employ a lawyer, but conducted his own case. Of course the doctor's solicitor was jubilant, and quoted the proverb which avers that the man who so acts has tVol for his client. “Not but what the case is clear enough,” he add ; “ all the lawyers in London could not get him off paying up. ” And indeed it did seem simple. The doctor was put into the witness-box, and told his story; and Sir Timothy did not question the correctness of it ; on the contrary, he openly said, that, to the best of his remembrance, every thing had occurred exactly as describ ed. But,” he added, “ 1 should like to look at the document which has been alluded to, and ask the plaintiff a ques tion or two about it.” The memorandum was handed to him, and he read it aloud : “/prom ise to p<nf the sum of £lOO to Mr. John Radford , surr/eon, for attendance upon mjf wife, kill or cure.” Exactly. Well, Mr Radford, did you cure her?” “No; that was impossible.” “ Did you kill her ?” Holies de Cliaiuhre. The Historical Museum in Munich has recently been presented with anew? and certainly very curious article ; it is the robe dr chambre of the late King of Bavaria, Ludwig 1., the same who made the famous Lola Montes a count ess. The letter which accompanies this present states that the monarch wore this garment for sixty consecutive years. It is to be hoped that it has under gone a through scouring previous to being placed among Hie other curiosi ties of the Museum. Tlio idea of exhibiting robes dc bhamhre in historical museums is not new ; the Mitfei rb's Souvcrrrhis in Paris ; contains several of them, but they are not all as interesting as that of Ludwig f. This museum is considered by many a very useless institution. How many, among the present generation, care for most of the sovereigns? Yet the crown of Charlemagne, the panoply of Fran cis I. and that of Henry IV. are worth being preserved : so are the small hat, and the gray coat of Napoleon I. But among these interesting curiosities, the most worthy of attracting our attention is the precious little slipper made of black silk, worn out and patched, a mere rag, whose miserable appearance forms a strange contrast with the gaudy rags around. This shoe is poor Marie Antoinette's. It slipped from her foot when her muti lated body was taken down from the scaf fold. picked up by a child, it passed into the hands of a royalist family, who kept it religiously for a loilg time, and afterward bequeathed it to the Museedes Souverains. Its elegant shape, the delicate texture of the material, the perfection of the workmanship, show that it is the same which the unfortunate woman wore when she left Tuileries for the prison of the temple. During all the time of her captivity she could not get any other, and was reduced, poor queen, to mend it herself. This waif tells more of the sufferings of Marie Antoinette than all the accounts of historians. Olive Logan in her lecture on “The Bright Side ” —which is vastly inferior both in quality and manner of delivery to any of her previous lectures—closes, always, with a very tine piece of path etic acting, wherein she refers to her own personal experiences of the dark side. It is in her favor that it is acting, for to drag one's griefs or wrongs be fore the public, with a view to make an audience use its pocket handkerchief, is as unheroic as it is “bad form.’’ Pos sibly one may be forgiven for pouring his sorrows into the patient ear of the Friend of his soul; but a larger audience hardly merits such high confidence. Defiance, Ohio, is to have anew #75,000 Court House. A RACY INCIDENT. Commissioner Pleasanton In an Km barrassing Predicament. Washington Correspondence of the Cincinnati Com mercial. I heard a good story last night about our new commissioner of internal rev enue. I told you in a former letter that the vehement female committee of eighteen, all strong-minded, was here in perpetual session, sitting in solemn conclave in Brother Senator Pomeroy’s committee-room, from which the sensi tive and blushing Scott Smith was driven by their discussions. These fe males do not propose to lose anything through lack of energy and activity. They rush about in tire liveliest manner, capturing the men brutes on all sides, and strengthening their cause very ranch as Sampson carried out the gates, through sheer force. They do not seem to have read the Rt. Henry "\V ard Beecher's beautiful little story of the rose-bud. Instead of wooing with a gentle persuasion of the south wind, they come upon a fellow with the force of a hurricane. The other day, Gen Pleasanton, a delicate, sensitive little gentleman, was dressing for dinner. He had divested himself of every garment except the one spoken of by Hood in that melan choly song called “ The Song of the Shirt.” He was sailing about under bare poles, when he heard a knock at the door, and supposing it to be his man—who ought to have been there, and was not —he sang out, “ Come in.” To his utter consternation, that consti tutional female known as Mrs. Wood hull, with a peaked hat and a man’s overcoat, terminating in unmistakable crinoline, stalked in. As she did not immediately stalk out, but stood look ing at the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in the abstract, the last-named gentleman, hiding behind an arm-chair, stuttered out, “Excuse me, madam 1” “ I wan't to see you on business, Gen. Pleasanton.” “Well, madam, won't you be so good as to come to my office. lam not iu a condition to see any one on business just now, and I beg of you to desist and I come to the bureau.” “ I don't care anything about your condition, General Pleasanton; but it is a matter of some importrnoe that I wish to see you upon, and this is as good an opportunity as any.” “My God! madam,” exclaimed the agonized commissioner, shifting his fi nancial person from one leg to the oth er, “won't you permit me to dress for ; dinner?” “I have no objection to your dress ■ ing for dinner, but what I want to : know' is, what are 3 011 going to do about 1 this Vanderbilt case ? That Vanderbilt ! ease is a great outrage, sir, and I can I see that somebody is to be swindled | out of half a million of dollars,” and I here followed a statement of the Van ; derbilt case, that occupied just 20 min | utes*by the clock, and was very forcible and emphatic. At the end of i(, when the strong-minded constitutional Wood hull pxused for breath, the commis ; sioner said : “I don't know anything about the Vanderbilt case, madam. I have not looked at a single paper. 1 have not 1 heard anything but what you have told me. I have not had time. Mv God, 1 don’t get time to get on my breeches. 1 don't want to be rude, but I wish you would go away and let me dress.” At this moment a knock was heard at the door, and Pleasanton yelled hauler than ever gave command to a battalion, 1 “ Come in. ” The door opened, and the ' substantial figure and handsome ta™ ..f 1 Commodore Alden appeared upon the entrance. So soon as he did this, the commissioner chassezed from the rear ; of his arm-chair to the back of a sofa, and Alden, thinking that he was intrud ing upon some tender scene between the general and the female, beat a hasty retreat. But the commissioner was not i to he forsaken, and he ran to tHe door, jerked it open, and, with the tail of his linen flying in the wind, seized Commo dore Alden and brought him back, when the cool and courageous Woodhull rose I in a majestic manner, and wished them a good clay. Pleasanton sank exhaust : ed into a chair, and begged Alden for a j little brandy, to try and rally tremendous attack of woman's rights made upon him. “With a brief garment of a weak defence He etond appalled.” ifahils of Sluily. Rev. Charles Brigham, of Ann Arbor, has an article in the Herald of Health ; <"1 this topic which contains a good deal of sound sense. The following is :an extract: * ! It is not proved either hy school statistics or by health statistics that there is “too much” study iu the civil ized nations; certainly the general in telligence of many people has not reached the point of redundance in j knowledge. The fault is more in the methods and habits of study than in its quantity. Ministers are sometimes called “hard students,” and are pitied because they have to spend so much time over their sermons. But not one minister in ten who breaks down pre maturely is disabled because lie has done too much or worked too hard, but only because he has worked in the wrong way. The amount of study does not do the mischief—it wearies and kills only because it is badly adjusted. Some will study straight on for two, four, six or eight hours, witli no relief, reading incessantly, writing incessantly, hardly stopping for food. Six or eight hours a day are not excessive in quanti ty, but six or eight consecutive hours are sure self-destruction. Few consti tutions can stand that strain, even if all the rest or the waking hours be spent upon the playground, and a solid bar of sleep be put between the days. It is never pleasant to hear a student say that he does all his work at a “single sitting ;” that he locks himself in his room after breakfast and stavs there until his late dinner, when liis work is done for the day. If the man who does that, month after month, and year after year, escapes organic malady anand is a clear miracle, a special Providence. Such statements we find in the biogra- . pliios of great men, but they arc usual- * ly exaggerated and misleading. Too i many consecutive hours of study are just as bad for the strong man as for the school boy. One will keep a bright er mind and more capacious and re- j tentive, too, who breaks away and : walks in the garden at the end of each hour, than one who plods on without rest through the long day. Hans Christian Andersen, who visit ed Charles Dickens at his home several years ago, said of Mrs. D.: “I had previously heard many people remark that Agnes, in ‘ David Copperfield' was like Dicken's own wife. Mrs. Dickens had a certain soft, womanly repose and reserve about her; but whenever she spoke there came such a light into her large eyes, and such a smile upon her lips, and there was such a charm in the tones of her voice, that henceforth I shall always connect her and Agnes to gether. advertisement of Dr. Butts' Dispenssuy. headed Book for the Million—Mar riage G fide—in another column. It should be read by all. Summary of Congressional Proceedings. Tbe Senate has passed a bill extend ing the time for the completion of the railroad between Madison and Portage City, and giving construction to the acts of Congress granting lands to the State of Wisconsin to aid in building railroads, throwing open the lands within the company’s grant to actual settlement, and imposing other restric tions. The House has passed the Senate bill authorizing the sale of the military reservations at Forts Line and Walla, Oregon ; Fort Serah, Kansas ; Camp McGarry, Nevada; Fort Sumner, New Mexico ; Forts Wayne and Smith, Arkansas, and such portions of Fort Abercombie as east of the Red River of the North, and such portions of Fort Bridger, Wyoming, as are no longer required for military purposes. The Senate bill extending the laws of the United States over Alaska, has been concurred in by the House. A bill has been passed by the House for the sale of timber lands in Califor nia and Oregon and Washington Terri tory. It authorises the sale of timber land in quantities not exceeding 640 acres at the minimum price of $ 1.25 per acre, except alternate sections within railroad grants, which may be sold at double the minimum price. Miller, Senator from Georgia has been admitted to his seat. The House has passed a bill to en able the Jackfcon, Lansing and Saginaw railroad compahvjto change the north ern terminus of vnL road from Traverse Bay to the Straits of Mackinaw. The Senate has concurred in the House joint resolution appropriating five thousand dollars to George F. Rob inson, in recognition of his services in saving the life of Secretary Seward. The House has passed a bill, by a vote of 144 to 64, to enforce the rights of citizens of the United States under the fifteenth amendment to vote in the several states. It is principally an amendment of some of the details of the bill of the 31st of May, 1870, on the same subject. It provides for the ap pointment by the United States Cir cuit Judge, of two supervisors of election of different politics in towns having over 20,000 inhabitants, and prescribes their powers and duties. It also authorizes the United States Marshal to appoint a special dep uty marshal to assist in the supervision of the election, and prescribes their powers and duties, and authorizes them to call to their aid bystanders or a possc comitatus direct. The authority to call on the military authorities is struck out. It also provides for the appointment, in each ju dicial district, of a chief su pervisor of elections, and prescribes his powers ami duties. It extends the ju risdiction of the United States Circuit Court to all cases in law and equity arising under the act. It also provides that hereafter nil elections for Repre sentatives to Congress, to which elec tions the whole bill is confined, shall be by ballot, written or printed, any thing iu the law of any State to tire con trary notwithstanding. The House adopted resolutions di recting the restoration of cadets Baird, Barnes and Fleckinger, who wore ex pelled by the members of the Ist class, and ordering the dismissal of the lead ers and instigators of the first class and the court-martial of the others. The army appropriation bill was tak en up on Friday and discussed at length in the House, but not disposed of. It appropriates $27,475,000. , . uu.fi, uhs concurred m tne ocu atc hill establishing a territorial form of government for the District of Co lumbia. \\ hat Germany Remember*. From the Cleveland Leader. It seems to be a favorite theory of those American newspapers which, during the Franco-Prussian war have been persistently on the side of France, that in their proposals for peace, Bis marck and Kaiser William are carrying things with a very high hand. Among others, the Cincinnati Enquirer believes that Bismarck’s terms to Favre are more absolute and humiliating than those imposed upon Franco in 1811, when she succumbed to the combined armies of Europe. Others maintain that the First Napoleon in his grandest , days was ntodest and forbearing com pared with the Prussian Premier. Let us see. In December, 1805, the victory of Austerlitz placed the empire of Ger many as absolutely at the feet of Napo leon as France is now prostrate before the Emperor William. The Corsican conquoror took Hesse Brunswick and Westphalia, and out of them made a kingdom for his younger brother. He parceled out the German States among Ids marshals, converted the Batavian republic into a monarchy, placed his brother Louis on the throne of Hol land, and made the Rhine Confedera tion an appendage to France. To Prussia, as the price of her neu trality, he threw Hanover, and when at last Prussia, no longer able to serve Ids purposes, abandoned her neutra lity, he poured his legions across her frontiers, and at Jena and Auerstadt completed the conquest of the king dom. From the ‘2sth of October, 1806, when Napoleon entered Berlin, there was no longer any limit to his absolute sway. He neither consulted nor condescended terms. Like an other Ciesar, ho knew no law but his own will. He admitted no negotia tions, listened to no appeals, recogniz ed no authority, permitted no elections, j “ He granted no armistice, but by the j mere force of his own order, took from ; Prussia nearly three-fourths of her; territory, transferred her people to j other and foreign crowns, all bearing | feudal sendee to imperial France. Sit-} ting in the palace of the great Fred-1 crick at Berlin, and holding Prussia as i a conquered province, he issued his famous Berlin decree, declaring Great Britain in a state of blockade, and for bidding all nations to trade with her, declaring all articles produced in Eng land to be contraband, and the proper- i ty of all British subjects on the s< ai lawful prise of war.” It is with the remembrance of all this in mind that King William and Bismarck are asking for their millions of francs and the border provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. Judged by all ordinary standards, their demands are exorbitant and cruel; they only be come merciful and modest when com pared with that which was taken with out asking by the French Emperor sixty-five years ago. Since the mo ment that Paris showed signs of yield ing, the Germans have done nothing to needlessly deepen the humility of their enemies. Not a Prussian regiment has marched into Paris. Even the victor King has refrained from riding into the city he has conquered, and but for the illness of Bismarck would have hur ried away to Berlin, like Grant from Richmond, without pausing to see the capitol which he has humbled. Ger many in arms has faults which connot be overlooked, but wanton cruelty to a defeated enemy is not one of them. Sailob ties of bias silk, in any be coming color, are worn with standing col hire. Summary of Late Nows, Saturday, Bishop Whitehouse form ally suspended Rev. Mr. Cheney from the ministry, in accordance with the findings of the eclesiastical court. By a unanimous request of his wardens and vestry men, Mr. Cheney will con tine to occupy the pulpit of his church at Chicago. A policeman named Harisou was as sassinated, on his beat, at Chicago. Saturday night. No cine to the murder has been obtained. John Bern was instantly killed at the La Salle street tunnel, at Chicago, Sat urday, and John Gorman so badly in jured that he can survive but a few hours. The derrick chain broke and a bucket full of clay fell to the bottom of the excavation, a distance of twenty five feet, striking the men named. A Chicago dispatch says that a severe storm of sleet, snow and wind com menced about eleven o'clock Saturday evening and lasted two hours The re sults of the storm was the complete de molition of the Oakland Congregation al Church, located about live miles from the city, on the lake shore. The church cost $20,000. It is a total wreck. Win. Schwartz, an insane man, was frozen to death Saturday night in the town of Jefferson. His home was at No. 135 Townsend street, Chicago. James Boyd, of Frelighsburg, Cana da, was committed Saturday, at New York, in default of $15,000 bail, for wholesale traffic in counterfeit money. Boyd is sheriff, mail-carrier, and rev enue officer in the Canadian service. A man on Saturday walked into the office of the agent who hells tickets for the Hamilton Opera House Drawing, at New York, and seized a box contain ing $2,700 and started for the street ; a clerk managed to grapple the fellow', when he dropped the box, jumped through the window, and escaped. Two hundred and fifty workmen were discharged from the Brooklyn Navy Yard Saturday. An extensive fire occurred at Buffalo Sunday. The Post and Courier were both burned out. Loss estimated at about $150,000. J. Bovd and Henry Builder, of Cin cinnati, were attacked by four highway men at the intersection of Reading and Walter Hills roads, about 7 o’clock Sat urday, and robbed of SIB,OOO. The rob bers all escaped. The hurricane Friday night destroyed or damaged a majority of the buildings left by the recent fire at Helena, Arkan sas. Mrs. Stewart, a widow, was fa tally wounded, and her little son in stantly killed. The Baptish Church was demolished, and a large number of other buildings either demolished or badly damaged. The same night the villages of Pocahontas and luka, Miss., suffered severely. The French Relief Fund, of New York, now' amounts to 95,000 dollars.. The Swedish bark Alette, cleared Sat urday for Havre with 5,211 barrels of Hour. Senator Sumner had a serious attack of illness on Saturday, but was better Sunday, though his condition gave some alarm to his friends. FOREIGN. A schism has occurred in the Mexican Church party in consequence of the ac ceptance by a large part of the party of 1 E^Vr 1 r '"’ nr ’' ,^es the constitution Napoleon has received notification ' not to again overstep the privileges of a | prisoner, and to abstain from any inter ference in politics in the form of pro tests or proclamations. Orders have been given to watch him closely. The appointment of Thiers as Chief Executive of the French nation is well received in Paris, and the journals gen erally approve of the election of (frievy to the presidency of the Assembly. The Lakes of Europe. An American tourist, writing to the Boston Transcript, thus pleasantly ! gossips about Switzerland and Italy's noblest lakes: i In the wild, grand character of its scenery. Lake Lucerne reminded us of Lake George, Loch Katrine and the ! upper end of Luke Geneva; in its | lovely curves and windings, it resemb i les the Highlands of the Hudson, the J Lyles of Bute and Loch Lomond ; in ; its glimpses of snow scenery it calls to rememberance the view of Monte Rosa and the Simplon group obtained from the eastern shore of Lago Maggiore, ! and in this one point it carries oil the I palm from Lake Como. But in the ; softer and more delicate features and touches of landscape scenery the sur roundings of Lake Lucerne present no 1 comparison to the vine-clad shores of : Lake Geneva or the banks of the Rhine, , or still loss to the sunny slopes, cover ied with luxuriant vegetation and sprinkled with most charming and pic turesque villas, by which the Italian lakes are girt about. Of island scenery Lake Lucerne has none. In this particular our own Lake George is almost without a European rival, so far at least as our observation has extended. The Barromean isles of Lago Maggiore, four in number, are indeed most richly and elaborately adorned—having been at one time merely bare rocky islands—and consti tute the peculiar charm of that lake; but they are very small and grouped together in a little bay near one end of the lake, so that they do not form a general feature in the scenery. Lake Zurich has two flat and uniteresting islands near its upper extremity. Of j Ellen's Isle in Loch Katrine we will venture no criticism, for in our humble , opinion it constitutes, with its] sur roundings, one of the most perfect gems of lake scenery that exist, but we will only gay that it is alone in its glory. And those are the only instances of the combination of lake and island ' scenery that we remember to have seen in the * course of our European ram-1 blings. Sure Enough. Thai wise “ Old Bachelor ” in Har per's Bazar, saw Lucilla laughing at the strange appearance of Mugger, who, hung with ribbons and trinkets and much fantastic toggery, was promen ading the streets advertising a very superior article of snuff “For sale by ,” etc., etc. And the Old Bach elor goes on to say : “ Ah, my dear Lu cilia, if you could see yourself as Hen rico and 1 see you, you would not need to spend your mirth upon Mugger. Ypur body is thrown forward from the waist, and you have a huge kind of bal loon behind, and clumsy braids of somebody else’s hair hanging from the back of your head. And your body is so bent and your feet so squeezed that you hobble—or wobble, as the rude boys say—instead of walk; and you have ribbons and streamers and fringes and cords and chains and trinkets hung all about you. If gou think Mugger ridiculous from his motley apparel, what can you think of yourself, I won der, dear Lucilla ?” FARM, HARDEN AM) HOUSEHOLD. Clay Farming. From the Western Farmer. What is a clay farm ? It will be im, possible to answer this inquiry to the complete satisfaction of all, or even, an “overwhelming majority,” so for the present 1 shall call that clay land which has no more than fifty per cent, sand in its composition, and so down, to pure allumina, if such can be found. An ordinary clay farm requires much more skill, or knowledge to produce uniform crops than an ordinary sand soil; the former being more at the mercy of the elements than the latter, but with that judicious management which modern science and practice has enabled some to exert, the clay is al ways superior in point of productive ness to farms composed mostly of sand. The secret of properly managing a clay farm is found in aerifying or infus ing air among its particles, by so sub dividing it that the roots of plants may easily penetrate and at the same time have air down to the normal depth which the particular plant requires; without such condition it is nseless to attempt the raising of paying crops from such soils. There are some farms •whose natural condition, inclination, or sub-soil, or all together, renders their management comparatively easy, but most clay farms require a large outlay to fit them to answer their owner's ra tional expectations. The most effectual means to secure the result desired is in draining. There is not a clay farm iu the laud that would not bo improved by drain ing, some more, some less, but always a paying improvement. Air cannot penetrate to advantage where water is held in any great amount, or where water has been retained any length of time ; so that the first important com mand to the owner of clay land is, “ Let there be air"' and let draining do it. The surplus water is drawn ofi, while the life giving air follows ; and such change will be marked as none but those who have witnessed would believe. The next work iu order is to I increase the depth of the soil lying be j tween and over the drains (premising that the drains are two rods apart ly i iug as directly up and down an incline | possible) with the plow. Deep plowing on well drained clay lands is orthodoxy; on undrained lands I—call 1 —call it what you will; on sand land ! useless. By deep plowing is meant the increase of the furrough each year an inch, (or two inches at most,) until a : foot in depth or two if you will and have the power, is reached. All such l plowing to be done, if possible, in the fall of the year, so as to have the bene 1 fit of nature’s surface and subsoil plow —the frost—to comminute the parti clcs of earth and warrant abundant crops; if plowed in the spring it should be only where the earth is in the best condition to seed, which is a matter of as great importance as the having or not having a crop. Hero if any where the old adage will bo verified “great haste makes waste waiting is paying. It is of the greatest importance also, that fall plowed land should be what is known as dry, before teams enter the field to prepare for sowing. The drag ging—harrowing—of clay land should bo accomplished with as little treading of the soil as possible, (and the roller considered an abomination). A many toothed harrow will accomplish the work well and speedily. More anon. L. AVhrn to Mmkft. With many farmers this, perhaps, is the most perplexing question The season fur gathering fruits and vege tables, as a rule, is the best time to market them; then will be the greatest quantity of them, and their quality will at that time be the best. Yet wo hear farmers say that potatoes will be higher. He hears of rot in some sec tions, and puts his potatoes in the cel lar to wait higher price. But rot and sprout and rats and mice and labor and sorting, and in many instances exposure to frost, lessen day by day, the quan tity and quality of this product, and he holds till spring, and then the market is flooded with men who thought as he did, and with ten per cent of loss he finds himself compelled to take twenty five per cent in price or not soil at all. Apples will be higher, another says, and he holds his to meet decay and trouble. Hops too, are too cheap, and the grower piles up his bales to wait the moving of market, and thus wq might say of grains, butter, cheese, and of nearly all the products of the farm, hay perhaps excepted. The most successful farmer, as a rule, is he who can show the best bal lance sheet at the end of the year, ; and markets his produce when it is ready for market. After having prepared j your articles for market, as lias been i devised, take the market price and pocket the money. Your neighbor may in some instances, sell fora higher price I by holding, but in the experience of ten ! years, you will be far ahead. Produce marketing is done with, all waste shrinkage, and care of it ceases; and then again you have the use of your money, and can apply it where it will be of use. One more reason for this time of marketing is, that dealers are in the market, and have made their arrangements for buying. It is important to the farmer, in dis posing of his produce, that he should meet a good demand. This lie will be most likely to find when the article is yielded from his farm, and is ready for market. Dealers have then arranged with banks for binds, and are anxious to invest. You will always meet a poor market when buyers have closed their accounts and gone home. You will be considered out of season, and if you sell at all it must be at sacrificing con cessions in price. Prepare your articles in the best man ner for the market. Represent them honestly and fairly in the market, and then sell at the best price the market offers. Let the motto be “keep soil ing,’ 1 and your cash account will be largely in your favor. —Ohio Fanner. Rev. Robert Collyer, of Chicago said in a recent sermon: “It is finally a settled thing now with thousands of our bright, wide-awake American girls that, while they intend to get married, when their time comes, they do not in tend to spend their time waiting and watching for it, eating the bread of idleness and drinking the wine of mo* deru dissipation. They are determined to secure themselves against the chance that is always possible of not meeting the man they can love, and to maintain themselves handsomely, if love be their lot, until he does appear; and then if he falls sick before they are so fore handed as to keep them out of poverty, or dies and leaves them in widowhood, they want to have a calling that will stand them in as good stead as any good handicraft does a man.” White poplin or wool-repped cos tumes are the latest novelty. They are imported as upper dresses to be worn with black velvet skirts. Miscellaneous Items. Canton, Ohio, has six banks. Seven railroads now center at Terre Haute. Mobile is now the fourth coffee port in this country. Miners in the New Lisbon, 0., coai mines are on a strike. There are 324,799 school children in Missouri. Peddlers of prize candy boxes are indicted in Knowille. All the State prisoners at Kansas City dug out on Monday night. The Senate of Nevada has passed a law for the protection of fish. Agriculture, wedded to manufac tures, gives birth to commerce. A Boston bank was recently defraud ed of $50,000 by an adroit forger. The Spottswood Hotel, in Richmond, is to be replaced in Virginia granite. The lake at Cleveland is frozen over as fur as one can see. The colored men of Des Moines, lowa, are about to establish a paper. Peoria (HI.) gold mines have sns peuded operation for the present. The average wages of school teachers in Ohio is $33 per mouth. The Society of Friends have estab lished a college at ludiauola, lowa. Musquaka Indians have a winter comp near Colma, Tama county, lowa. An lowa family named I>odd have a crop of sixteen children in ten years. Vienna, Illinois, has lately built the finest court-house in Southern Illinois. Blount county, Tennessee, has a bear, a panther and dogs with the hy drophobia. One of Chicago’s clergymen owns and drives one of the fastest horses in the city. Chicago calls her foundling hospital a “refuge for anonymous humanity.” A poor woman, too proud to beg starved to death in San Francisco on the 24th ult. Three tons of coal are said to repre sent the labor power of a man for his life time. The Soldiers' Gazette, at Marysville, Tennessee, has stood picket lor the last time. The Catholic institutions of Memphis are worth nearly three hundred thou sand dollars. Panthers have made their appear ance in the country around Fish Lake, Michigan. The new Soldiers 1 Home at Evans ton, Indiana, will be formally opened oil the 22d mst. A little Nimrod tired into a flock of wild turkeys in Virginia, the other day, and killed a large gray eagle. The Florida Legislature has refused to change the capital from Tallahassee to Jacksonville. A ladv residing in Hi ply county, Ind., has been frightened into insanity by the receipt of anonymous letters. All of the vessels in Michigan City (Ind.) harbor broke loose from their moorings during the late thaw. There were four hogs raised in Mon roe county, ind., this season, that weighed over seven hundred pounds each. The Missouri agricultural lands will be ready for sale or lease by the Ist of March. There are in all 210,000 acres. A Building Loan Fund and Saving Associat ion has been organized at Terre Haute, with a capital stock of £lOO,OOO. The banks of Indianapolis, Ind., have formed a clearing-house associa tion, and it went into operation on the Ist inst. An exchange is authority for saying that a man from Sullivan county went to Torre Haute, Ind., a few days ago, to buy a jug full of gas. Young ladies mustn't expect 1 eir beaux to take them out much j st at present. January is the month for talers’ bills. A joint stock company has been form ed at Forsythe, Georgia, for the pur pose of erecting and putting in opera tion a large manufacturing establish ment. The last great snow-storm was very heavy in Hancock county, Illinois. On level ground, where the snow did not drift, it measured twenty-two inches in depth. A Massachusetts railway in 1834 gave notice that “Passengers are not sent by the company, but seats are provided for all who apply at the ticket office.” The bills of fare at a large dinner party in New York, recently, were of different colored satin, painted in va nous beautiful designs and framed in mouse-colored velvet. One hundred and twenty-eight con victs will be released from the Indiana ! Southern State Prison during the com ing year, by reason of the expiration of their terms of imprisonment. The Missouri Legislature has just passed, without a dissenting vote, the bill making it a misdemeanor for a juror or commissioner to take a rail 1 road pass when the railroad is a party. How to Lobby. A woman writing to the Chicago Re publican, describes Mrs. WoodhuLTs method of approaching members of Congress, and persuading them to swal low the “ apple” of female suffrage : “ It was Eve that first persuaded Adam to eat of the ‘apple of sin,’ and every body knows that Eves have been kept picking, and the Adams eating the ap pies ever since. A few' weeks ago. while visiting the Capitol, at Washington, I had the privilege of witnessing a very complete illustration of this truth. I was present when Mias or Mrs. Woodhull interviewed several members of the House, some of whom, to their honor be it said, could not be ‘ mesmerized,' and did not relish the apple; but at last came Mr. Julian of Indiana, who proved an easy prey. The process was perfect. She sat verjf close to him on the sofa, put her face very near his, and far toned upon him her magic orbs. She laid the tips of her magnetic fingers upon his hand and arm, as if to enforce and nrake emphatic her arguments. He 90011 looked dreamy, smiled as if gent ly wafted on a sea of bliss, and one could see the apple was tasting very sweet. She talked on until he was completely under her influence, bowing his head and responding, while that sweet, dreamy smile lit up his noble face, till at length she placed in his hands her ‘memorial,’ which he took, when they gracefully rose to their feet, joined hands while several adieus were spoken, and th< apple teas swallowed.' I'’ 1 '’ Basques with postillion backs are worn universally by old and young la dies, and as a consequence sashes and belts are for the most part lain aside.