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The Superior Times
VOL. XXXXI. NO. as). pWMffIUDS KS W MCKEE® MftflK | f t • - v .—~ ~. i"~zzr ~ ANC//7NT MOUSY T AT CNOLI/L A <► ❖ C> HIS little town of Cholula, Mox- B ico, of barely 5,000 inhabitants, B is an old place t! at was of con -11 siderable importance not only I before the Spanish conquest, Lut long before the Aztecs. It was a fcoly city, a city of temples and shrines, and even at the time of Cor- Itez it contained hundreds of sanctu aries that were the object of pilgrim- Slim s from all over the country. The ■plain all around Cholula was dotted Liili pyramids of sacred character and Varying size, all of which were domi nated by the great temple of Quet aalcoatl, the god of the air, that stood dm the summit of the artificial mound Stalled today the pyramid of Cholula. i This pyramid, one of the sights of .H' Xico, has at present the appearance ®f a natural hill of regular form. It .Is thickly grown with bushes and trees •■ml its top is reached by a rough "Winding road. Nowhere is a trace of Its artificial origin, and on the spot Where centuries ago stood the colossal Wtatue of Quetzalcoatl and where once kurned 'he eternal fires in honor of tli e god now rises the Christian church "to Nuestra Senora de los Remedies. fl The pyramid of Cholula has a height •ff about 175 feet and, like the pyra mids of Egypt, Its sides face the four ■iardinal points. But, unlike the Egyp tian monuments, it was originally built to terraces and could be easily ascend m by stairways leading to the sanctu ary which formed the apex. While t as lofty as Cheops by half, it had jpise lines of double its length and 'took up nearly twenty acres of ■round. The date of its building is ■nknown, but when the Spaniards Wame the Aztec legend ascribed their •ruction to a race of giants sprung from the survivors of a ileluge. Standing on either side of the broad terrace which surrounds the present ly church one has a magnificent "flew over the fertile valley and the 'impounding mountains. Within twen ty miles, but apparently close enough Id he reached by a short walk, rise toe snow-capped peaks of Popocatepetl to'd Ixtacclhuatl. On the opposite side 1$ mysterious Mallntzl and on clear <fnys even the peak of Orizaba may be wseemed in the hazy distance. Closer Hf. only a quarter of a mile to the •‘uthwest, rises the Cerro de Acosac, f s tall mound of 50 feet, which hides # cher ancient monument in the ®iape of an oblong cube with an apex. sides are almost vertical and it can B- ascended only by means of a lad- r About 120 yards to the west of w >lu!a is the Cerro de la Cruz, which takes its name from the jHadltion that it was there that Cortez wd the first mass to bo read after B 3 landing in Mexico. The Cerro de Iff f ' ruz is somewhat lower than Aco r, hut its base linos are considerably Bnger, measuring over 1,200 feet in Both cerros are built S' adobe brick, as are the numerous • ■ .filer ones that abound in the neigh- Brhood. M While a visit to the pyramid of Cho- WT’f Incidentally, to the small * Sr nf the same name, is worth the M “ dor's while it does not compare | i interest to the visit of the pyramids i ' T* otihuacau. 35 miles from Mexico B hy There the national government | i: uncovered the larger of two great B lf>un ds, known as the Pyramids of | I Sun and Moon, by removing from I t sides all plant growth and the j 1 k layer of soil and conducting an i f ( ' aeological research on a scientific 3 like the excavations of PompeH ' Herculaneum. So far nothing ha light that would serve to dis mystery surrounding these an *■ monuments. Of their history ■' or lß!n nothing is known. There |H "° record of them existing either in writing or in hieroglyphic sculp tures, although such may have been In evidence at the time of the Spanish conquest. But if there were any they certainly have been destroyed by the fanatic Hidalgos, and it now looks as if the secret of these pyramids would forever remain undisclosed, for the lit tle statuettes, implements and other relics so far found in the excavations do not contribute anything toward a j solution. Passing by on a railroad train or ap ! preaching them with an automobile, the pyramids look rather squatty and fail to make the impression one gets when driving out to the pyramids of Gizeh from Cairo. But after you have entered the inclosure with the help of a permit secured in Mexico City you are surprised at the size of the Pyra mid of the Sun, which is the one the government has been excavating. It Is built In three large terraces rising one on top of the other. Its extreme height is 216 feet. The base lines do not form an exact regular square, measuring 721 by 761 feet respective ly. The top platform contains a square water tank, reconstructed of cement and fed by a modern pipe. It measures 59 by 105 feet and Is reached by a flight of stairs on one side of the pyramid. A guide, furnished by the excavatltm authorities, accompanies the visitor everywhere, and no cameras are al lowed within the Inclosuro. This rule is a little "graft" for the official pho tographer. who sells views of the pyramid and other interesting photo graphs from a small office in the ex ecutive building. I had a letter of In troduction to the director and was shown the small collection of antiques kept in a locked room. According to this gentleman the relics found on the ground, consisting of small vessels, figures and masks of obsidian and other stone, while vaguely similar to Egyptian relics of the same character and supporting In a certain measure a theory of racial relationship with the people of the Nile valley, do not tell n story that would help to clear the mystery of these monuments. The Mound of the Moon is 151 feet high with a base of 426 by 511 feet. It Is about ten minutes' walk from the Pyramid of the Sun and is so fai the only one to which an entrance has been discovered. This leads Into a chamber of hewm stone, the use of which is unknown. All over the plain are scattered small pyramids and traces of an ancient city with walls and fortifications. From one of these a causeway named "Street of the Dead" leads to the two pyramids. It is lined by a number of ruined houses, In which many relics and human re mains have been found. Some of the smaller mounds have been opened, too. They seem to have been priests’ dwellings or smaller shrines attached to the greater sane tuaries of the sun and moon. In some of these the walls were found to he painted and frescoed, the colors still i being in good condition and showing ' a wide range of tints. But, as 1 have ' pointed out before, no inscription, no sculpture, no record of any kind has 1 so far been unearthed which would ; give posterity a clu<* as to the origin j and history of the Mexican pyramids, and. with reasonable certainty, we are j only assured that they antedate the ; period of the Aztecs and Topees. SIGMUND KP.At’SZ Gentle Souls. "I feel In my bones.’ saiU fair Gora. I "That 1 shall become an old maid." I "But not In your wishbone!" sai 1 Dora i Now they don't ; ak on parade. I It Is better to be an hour ahead of • Ime than to find the door locked SUPEKIOIL WISCONSIN, SAIT PDA V. MAY Ls, 0)10. Gossip Boy In Knickers a Wireless Wonder WASHINGTON. —Grave, gray-beard ed members of the United Stales senate committee on commerce list ened recently with respectful atten tion to the arguments of a 13-year-old boy In knickerbockers whose head barely topped the table which sepa rated him and his dignified auditors. The youthful orator was William E. D. Stokes, Jr., of New York, and his theme was wireless telegraphy and telephony. He Is president of the Junior Wireless Club of America, Ltd., and he is opposed to certain features of the Depew bill, which provides for government regulation of wireless tel egraphy. Master Stokes said the members of his organization were amateur wire less telegraphers, all of tender years. Ho told the committee that the boys favored a nominal license fee for wireless operators, the license to be revocable for “malpractice.” The boy lobbyist’s voice was youth ful, but his words were those of a grown man and a scientist and his hearers smiled broadly at hearing him roll fluently from Ills tongue the Animals In Kitchen Peril to Health INSECTS play a largo part as me chanical carriers of disease and none Is worse than the common house fly, yet it Is allowed to Infest meat ex posed for sale, bread and sweetmeats, berries, the edge of the milk pail and the food on the kitchen table. The keynote of cleanliness Is espe cially sounded with respect to keeping pet animals in the kitchen. The fur of the cleanest of them must come In contact with many things which we would not care to have touch our food. This Information Is Imparted in a bulletin Issued by the department of agriculture, prepared under the super vision of the office of experiment sta tions. It is entitled, "Care of Food in the Home,” and is for free distribu Taft In Quandary; His Cook Has Quit TO be (he White House cook and pre pare the food for the president, his family and guests is an honor, hut to be the bride of an Irish policeman de tailed for duty at the executive man sion has proved more attractive to Martha Peterson, who has resigned. Now when Martha decided to be come the wife of Policeman Mulvey she thought of her cousin in Sweden, who she says is a better cook than herself. So she recommended her cousin to the president as the chef. The president was considering the ad visability of having Mrs. Mulvey’a Smoke as They Discuss Tobacco’s Harm WITH smoke curling from their varl flavored cigars, heart specialists from throughout the country who re cently attended the congress of Amer ican physicians and surgeons gath ered In Washington to discuss wheth er the prolonged and excessive use of tobacco meant "sudden death.” At the close of a lengthy debate they were far from reaching an agreement as to waat was the real effect of the use of tobacco on the heart. Dr. H. L. Eisner of Syracuse, N, Y , introduced the subject by discussing the Influence of tobacco on hyperten sion in the circulatory system. Smo king In moderate amount by grown persons might not be Injurious, he said, but he expressed a belief that smoking was injurious to those who polysyllabic technical terms of his craft. However, they paid respectful attention to his arguments and ap peared Impressed by what lie said. When he had finished his argument against the bill the boy turned prophet. He said that In ten years it would be possible for persons on land to communicate with distant points by wireless. “If a hi an has an automobile break down 25 miles from home, ten years ; from now,” he said, “all ho will have to do will be to take out his wireless kit, call up his butler and tell him he will not come home to dinner.” Master Stokes also informed the members of the committee that for eign nations were far ahead of the United States in the development of wireless telegraphy and blamed the era of wireless stock exploitation this country has experienced. He said i there were between 2,',000 and 40,000 boys in the United States interested in wireless teh graphy and their ev periments would prove of great value to the nation in the future. Young Stokes Is the son of the pro prietor of (he Ansonla apartment ho tel In New York, and w ill be remem bered as the first person to devise a receiving box for the interception of wireless telephone and telegraph mes sages. This device was perfected In Sep tember, 100S, on the roof of his fa ther’s hotel. tion. Its author. Mrs. Mary Ilinman Abel, lias advanced many new Ideas and called attention to many simple house methods that make for cleanli ness and wholesnmeness of foods in the home. One of the most Important sugges tions Is that In regard to ptomaine poisoning. On this subject the author says: "Food may become dangerous oven before it shows outward signs of de composition and the danger hardly be recognised without laboratory ap paratus. It is no uncommon thing to hear that a large number of per sons attending a banquet were taken violently 111 within a few hours. These cases of wholesale poisoning general ly occur In summer after a heated term It Is a safe rule to eat spar ingly of foods liable to changes In hot weather and where the serving of a large number at. one time brings a strain on tho culinary forces, when material is certain to be served which has been prepared a considerable time in advance.” cousin (o come over lo Washington to do tl*n White House cooking when the question arose; Is Swedish cooking an \merican industry to a great enough ' xtent to demand protection under the contract labor law? Foolish question No. 667,766! No, not at all, but the chances are It will lie a mighty serious question with the honorable the attorney general of Hie United States and the honorable the solicitor general, ditto, ditto, to say nothing of the president of the same place, who needs the cook. Just how serious are the Intentions of the president toward his former rook's relative In Sweden time alone will divulge, but labor union officials ate not so reserved. They, through Secretary Frank Morrison of the American Federation of Labor, cannot understand how the president can even consider the Importation of a rook from Sweden. had hereditary heart afflictions. Dr. .Unison Daland of Philadelphia told of a family of four whose parents had died of causes other than angina pectoris Three of the brothers, cigar manufacturers, who were compelled to smoke more than 20 cigars a day. developed angina pectoris, while a sister at the age of 52 never had suf fen and from the disease. So far the anti-tobacco men had ! ad the floor. Dr. R. O. Curtin of Phila delphia rose to stem the tide He told of 60 rases of angina pectoris, in which seven of them were In female subjects. He pointed to Japan, "where boys begin to smoke at nine and girls at ten, and where angina pectoris Is not common,” to prove that tobacco did not cause the disease. He said it might aggravate the disease but not cause It. So might the mind, for that matter, he said. He told of an Epis copal bishop who always had an at tack of angina pectoris when he drove up hill and of another patient who was had an attack of this disease when he run for a street car. IS MARQUARD GOING TO EARN THAT SII,OOO AFTER ALL? i —> The 'Rube” is pitching great ball this year and lias helped to keep tha Giants up near the top of the list. VICE-PRESIDENT SHERMAN REAL FAN; KNOWS BASEBALL AND ITS ENGLISH SELDOM MISSES A CAME IF HE CAN HELP IT — C HAI RM A N HERR MANN'S PRAISE OF THE NORTHWESTERN LEAGUE “BUGS" RAYMONDS "REVOLT" SHORT LIVED. VICE PRESIDENT SHEItMAN never I misses a chance to attend a base- | ball game. Of course, Ills duties as . presiding officer of the Unlttd States senate keep him away from the Wash Ington grounds often, but H there Is any opportunity for him to get out to see the game he goes. The vice president goes to the games because he knows how they ought to he played. He Is a fan of the first water, hut of couso cannot he a rooter for any particular team. Ho probably has his opinions concerning the best players and the best teams, > but ho has to keep them to himself. ; for "h ’■ where ho Is because the peo pie put him there.” A story Is told of Mr Sherman which shows what he , knows of "baseball English b' was In a box with President 'l aft and othi ■ officials at a game when a long lly , was knocked to right field A the fielder got under the ball, one memle r of the party In correct English ex claimed: "He has It. "What kind of baseball talk Is that?" scornfully demanded the vice president. "You should say: "He's go' It ” Tie Vice-president tells a story of how he organized a team when he was j fourteen years old, and although It I was chiefly through his < (Torts that tie* money It) purehu *■ the nine * n* < essury paraphernalia was obtained, he waß fired oft th team the st c ond d■ ol its existence because he was what the fans call "rotten.” He discovered later that It was bad eyesight that kept him from being a player. The late Tom Eoftua used to tell a 1 story about taking the ( Inclnnatl l< am ■ out fur a Sunday game In a little town on the Ohio river. "We were to play the game at 11 o'clock, l order to catch a train for New York," said Mr Loftus. "When we started out to the park all the ' hurch bells were ringing and l bt gin to get scared. At the hall park I asked the owner of the home team about Hie chances for the gane being stopped and all of us sent to Jail 'Oh,' said he. 'I don’t think that will happen. The man selling tickets in tin box office Is the chief of police; the man on the gate Is the town clerk-the only man who can Is sue warrants for arrests—and I, at your service, am mayor ' I didn’t worry after that,” said 1/iftus. Chairman Herrmann sent to tin : Northwestern league on Its opening day a message In which he said No baseball circuit In America Is entitled to more credit for true- portsmansblp 1 than the Northwi ter 8 ■ In a territory that Is comparatively i new, made up of cities that cannot 1 bo:i-t of the population which several SI.OO A VK A IS. illlkt leagues have and far removed from tbo Hold (hat Ih supposed to produce (lie largest crop of playem, tlic Northwestern league has mads Itself felt In organized haHi-hull hy tin enterprise It has displayed In going after the best talent available and maUltlK lor the highest class of sport possible under existing conditions Tbs Northwestern league Is now looked upon by the major circuits as one ol the most desirable 01 giuilzallons In America for the dev lopment of talent for the big leagues That fact was demonstrated last fall, when more players wa re bought and drafted from that circuit than from a majority ol leagues that urn ranked In a lupin r class than the Northwestern lia.se ball must glory in the continued suc cess of a league conducted under con dltlons Bui'h as surround the North western, and the best wl Ins of every man directly Intm ted in tin gieat national sport surely are with tin- en terprlsing and fearless on n who con trol the destinies of the game In the far northwest ." Arthur ' Hugs” Raymond, the New York National pitcher, again deserted the (Rants lb 1 parked uji bis per sonal properly the other day and do pa ted, making the following exulana tlon "I am no paresis patient and don't need a keeper.' If 1 can’t play tin ■ ball I can make a living at my trade." Raymond has been watched pretty closely to keep him on the wa tei wagon, and It Is supposed that be took the action he did as a result, II u the ; equel b that, aftt r ac 11 Ic days' absence, ho bobbed up from no I one knows where and pulled a 5 to 11 victory from the I‘hillies In 13 In j Dings. j Connie Mark Is the patriarch man ager of the American b ague, as far as service with one club Is concerned Jimmy McAleer bus been in the Arner b an league longer, but he has not beer tied down with any one club. Hltict 19D1 the maim ement of every clut in fie- American league, with the ex i eptlou <■! the Athletics, has changed That always remains the same Con nl< '.be k, the slim, qu! t gentleman who has given the Drowsy < l l twe pen: an's in the young league and whe has a good hid for third. What Causes Batting Rallies. Magnate Ilobb, Quinn has a theory that batting rallies aie generally caused by pitchers themselves. He in H-t that most pitchers unconsciously let up. or, in other words, fail to pul ' i.i much stuff on the ball when op : position g< ts a couple, ol cousycutlva ! hita.