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Lending Varieties When to Seed. Thiele or Tliiu Seeding. The Ohio experiment station has been testing different varieties of winter wheat for the last thirteen years, and among conclusions which it has recent ly stated are the following: Yield of grain alone being consid ered, the best ten varieties in the order of tlic-ir rank are: Gypsy, Mealy. Early Itipe, Poole, Nigger, Perfection, Medi terranean. Valley, CurreH’s Prolific and Dawson’s Golden Chaff. Weight per bushel being considered, the ten varieties testing highest are jjj & jf"jj^ tiff ijEARLY RlPcjf VI POOLE ( s=s Hickman, Red Wonder, Fulcaster, Gyp* vy, Valley, Deitz, Currell’s Prolific, Per fection, Nigger and Lebanon. Ranking the several varieties as to yield, weight per bushel and protein content, giving (10 points to yield, 25 points to weight per bushel and 15 points to protein content, the ten varie ties scoring highest are Gypsy, Early Ripe, Nigger, Poole, Mealy, Gurreli’s Prolific. Valley, Red Wonder, Demo crat and Fulcaster. It is believed that the first four varieties of this list will prove quite generally satisfactory over the state. While the Mealy does very well upon rather thin upland, it is quite disappointing upon the richer soils and especially the bottom lands of the Rt te. Strong in yield, it has a greater tendency to shrivel than many varie ties. Experiments in thick and thin seed ing, covering eleven years’ work, indi cate that eight to ten pecks of seed per acre will give better results than a less amount of seed upon the somewhat worn lands of the state. In normal seasons Sept. 20 to 22 has proved the most satisfactory date for seeding in the latitude of Wooster, witli Sept. 15 next highest in yield. Experiments extending over a series of thirteen years have failed to show on the average any grain from the use of seed from which the small and light grains have been removed by use of the fanning mill, although three seasons out of the thirteen the first grade gave largest yields. In view of the possibility of an un favorable season and of the fact that a more uniform seeding can be se cured by removing the shrunken, broken and extremely small grains, Si/' \j| , WN 2I STO. I—GROWN FROM LARGE GRAINS. NO. 2—GROWN FROM SMALL GRAINS. the station would advise doing this, but would not bold out any hope that mere grading of the seed will produce a permanent improvement in wheat. The selection of large, as compared with small, heads does not promise much in the way of improvement. Permanent improvement in wheat must be based upon the selection of plants as a whole rather than upon parts of plants. Excellence due to hereditary influences must be distin guished from excellence due to environ ment. Special Dairy Train School. One of the latest educational enter prises is the special dairy train sent out by a creamery company for the -purpose of reaching farmers in the rich lands of northwestern Missouri and southwestern lowa. The train car ried an exhibition car with dairy appli tnces and dairy machinery of every lort. Other cars were fitted up to seat in audience. Experts in dairying gave short talks at each stopping place, the use of appliances being demonstrated and Instruction given on feeding stuffs and balanced rations. The success of the enterprise was such that in many places the train’s facilities proved too small, and overflew and outdoor meet ings were necessary. Lengthening Life of Pence Post*. Fence posts of cottonwood, ash, ma ple and other perishable woods may be made to last fifteen, twenty and even twenty-five years by treating their butts with tar oil. Tills method of pres ervation has been investigated during the past year at St. Louis. The equip ment has been simplified until the in stallation of a plant is a practicable undertaking for individuals or for a small community. The cost of mate rials does not exceed 5 to 7 cents for •ach post treated.— Q. R. Craft. WINTER KILLING. Observations on Louises In the Peach liel’i of Lake Erie. In the Lake Erie peach belt of Ohio, which suffered great losses during tlic prolonged cold of the winter of 1003-04. it was observed by horticulturists ill vestigating the matter that there w;: a marked contrast in the extent off a winter injury on bare soils—soils give clean cultivation—and on covered Svii.s The bare soils froze deeper, and the injury was much greater than on sol covered with a mulch or other mate rial. Benefits of Banking. A simple, easy and very effective Method of preventing winter killing 0:' peach tree was ob erred in the or chard of one grower. Just before win ter set in this grower hauled manure to the orchard, but instead of scatter ing it. beneath the trees in the usual way he banked a very few forkfuls In mediately around the stem of the tree. When the supply of manure ran out peat or earth was hauled into the •-..-• chard and banked around the stem of the tree in the same manner. The results from the use of these materials were uniform, and, surprising at it may seem, every tree that received this sim ple treatment survived the winter with out the least injury from cold, while the few trees and sections of rows left here and there unbanked and serving as “checks” iu the experiment died al most to a tree. Trees In Sod. On the same farm trees on a piece of ground which was so stony that it could not be cultivated and which was kept in blue grass sod, with a heavy mulch of coarse material, such us corn stalks, barnyard manure, etc., about the stems, according to the true sod and mulch method, came through the winter without injury. CROP ROUND UP. Excellent Prospect For Corn—Heavy Yields of Wheat and Grass. It seems quite safe to say that there is a promise for a corn crop little, if any, below the highest record ever made. The yield of winter wheat at the thrasher is decidedly heavier than even the highest indications which could have been deduced from the figures of condition reported through the season. With the exception of Texas and Okla homa, where the yields were moderate ly lower than normal, and Tenuesses and parts of Kentucky, where too much rain injured the vitality of the crop, the yield is not only heavier than expected, but is above the normal for a series of years. In addition to the bumper rate of yield, the quality of the crop is reported remarkably high from practically every important dis trict. It may not be too much to hope for a crop of 450,000,000 bushels of win ter wheat. Spring: Wheat. The season opened very early, and spring wheat seeding was accomplish ed much sooner than usual. After a large part of the seeding was done there was a return of wintry condi tions, so that the crop made small growth in its early history. In the lat ter part of June red or leaf rust was present throughout the northwest tc an extent probably never before equal ed. Early in July black rust was found to be prevalent in many of the most important districts of Minnesota and the Dakotas. With very limited excep tions black rust nowhere developed be yond the first infection, and the result is that it has done no material dam age to the crop. The final rate of yield will be fully up to the average, and up on the acreage planted will give a spring wheat crop of probably not less than 285,000,000 bushels and possibly somewhat above that figure. Heavy Growth of Grass. The grass crop both in the east and west is heavy. This includes both meadows and pastures, the tame hays and clovers and the natural grasses. In the west an unusually heavy yield was secured. There was too much rain over a large part of the central valleys at time of haying, and a considerable percentage of hay was lost and the quality of part of the crop was low ered. In spite of this the crop will be fully as large as last year and ample for all requirements. Orange Judd Farmer. Feeding: Rye to Hogs. There are several different methods of feeding rye to hogs. One method is to cook the grain whole. Another is steaming in barrels with tight covers and allowing to stand for several hours before feeding. Then, again, the meth od of grinding finely and mixing into the slops is practiced by many. I have Iri and several ways, but find I can pro duce the best results when finely ground and soaked in barrels twelve hours be- Dre feeding.—Ohio Farmer. NEWS AND NOTES Dr. George T. Moore has been rein stated by Secretary Wilson of the de partment of agriculture, and it is said that Dr. Moore now has under way Investigations that are likely to prove valuable to agriculture. The harvest of the northwest terri tory of Canada is expected to be heavy. [ The American Association of Nurs erymen, recently in session, will agi tate for a discontinuance of free seed distribution by the government. Onions are reported as maturing small in some of the states leading iu production, notably in New England, New York and Ohio. If too many people board any kind of craft they are liable to sink it, or at least to make it unsafe. This is wortt thinking about by those who are pay ing extravagant prices for sheep at present, remarks National Stockman. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Countv Officers. County Judge - - W. H. Irish Municipal Judge - - - A. M. Warden Municipal !udge, Second Municipal Court E. Sauve Sheriff - - - - H. j. Cm lin Clerk - - - - N. M. Oscar Treasurer - John Froseth Register of D°eds - - Nels Myhre Clerk of Circuit Court - - F. A. Hell District Attorn e y - - Chas. F. Morris Superintendent ofchools - Miss J. Smith Coroner - - - H. G. Merten Surveyor - Hugo Nelsons City Officers. Mayor - - W. R. Irish Treasurer - - - Nels Lee Cicrk - - - - R. A. liering Assessor - - x - L. 11. Lien Chief of Police - O. Wescott School Boards, L. M. Clausen president; R. A, tiering Secretary; E. E. Kenfield, vice-president Washburn Public Library Board. N. N. Oscar, president: W. 11. Irish, vice-president, C. O. Sowder, secretary; W. H. Irish, Charles Peterson, Mrs. Wrn. O’Neil, D. E. Cameron. E. xiryan, Mrs. James A. Sheridan, CHURCHES. NORWEGIAN LUTHERAN REV. O. 12. BORDAUL. Services every Sunday at 10:30 a. in. and 7:30 p. m. Sunday School at 12 :00 11 Prayer Service every Thursday at 8:80 p. m SWEDISH LUTHERAN. Services every other Sunday. Pastor's residence Cor. Pine Street and Seventh Ave. West. ST. J OHN’S EPI SCO IY\ L CH URC H. Rev. G. La Pea Smith.‘Vicar. First Sunday in the month; Morning prayer Litury and Sermon at lu;ao a. m. cm her Sundays; Evening prayer and Ser mon at 7;30 p. m. Sunday School every Sun day afternoon at 3:1.). ROMAN CATHOLIC REV. FATHER ULRIC PETRI First Mass Ba. m.; Higa Mass, 10:30 a. in. baptism, 2p. w.; Instructions. 2:30 p.m.; Vespers, p. m. Friday 7 5) p. ra. Stations and benediction. METHODIST EPISCOPA L. REV. EUGENE COOK. West Fifth street. Services every Sunday at 10:45 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. Sabbath School ar. 1!:0J n. Eowortn League at 0:31 p. m. All are invited. GERMAN EV. LUTHERAN. Services will be held at 10:l0 a. in. except last Sunday of the month. Sunday School every Sunday at 11:00, C. GutekunsT, Pastor. CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. J.R VVbis P astor. Services every Sunday at 10:45 a. m. and 7:30 p.m. Sabbath School at 12 m. Christ ian Endeavor service at 0:30 p. m. All are cordially nyited. Early Risers THE FAMOUS LITTLE PILLS. For quick relief from Biliousness, Sick Headache, Torpid Liver, Jaun dice, Dizziness, and all troubles aris ing from an inactive or sluggish liver, DeWitt’s Little Early Risers are un equalled. They act promptly and never gripe. They are so dainty that it is a pleasure to take them. One to two act as a mild laxative; two or four act as a pleasant and effective cathartic. They are purely vegetable and absolutely harmless. They tonic the liver. PREPARED ONLY BY E. C. DeWitt Sc Cos., Chicago “Ask for the 1905 Kodol Al manac and 200 year Galen ar. ’ 1 For Sale by Fox Bros. INTERESTING ir*W> INSTRUCTIVE, “Correct Mov\> to A Monthly Magazine Devoted to the Use of English. JOSEPHINE TUECK BAKER, Editor. Partial contents for this Month. Course in English for the beginner. Course in-English for the Advanced Pupil. How to increase One’s Vocabulary, The Art of Conversation. Should and Would: How to U-*e Them. Pronunciatious(Century Dictionary). Correct English in the Home, Correct English in the school. What to Say and What not to Say. Course in Letter-Writing and Punct uation. Alphabetic list of Abbreviations, Business English for the business Man. Compound Words: How to Write them. Studies in English Literature. SI,OO a Year. Send 10c for sample Copy. CORRECT ENGLISH, Evanston, 111. Weekly Excursions to Detroit The D. S. S. & A. R’y has made ar rangements with the D. & C. N, Cos. to extend the excursion for two weeks, leaving here Friday, Septem ber Ist and Bth, and good to return until September 30th. 1905,inclusive, Round trip farts to Detroit $16.00; to Toledo $17.00; to Cleveland SIB.OO and to Buffalo $20.70. Meals ann berths are extra on steamers. For further information kindly apply to A. B. Noble, ticket agent. Ashland, Wisconsin. > The' Wisconsin Central Ry Reaches the principal points in Wisconsin, offering Pulman Sleepers Free Reclining hair chair, modern coaches and dining and alter service between Chicago, Milwaukee, Mani towoc, and St, Paul. Minneapolis, Ashland and Duluth, connection are made with diverging lines at all terminal points. Meals served a la carte. For tickets, sleeping car re serservation and further informa tion apply to agents of this company or write Jas. C. Pond, Gen’l.Pass. Agt.,Milwaukee, Wis H. G. LAMPSON, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. V Next to Post Office, Washburn. Wis. A. W, McLEOD, ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office over Bayfield County Bank, Wash burn, Wis. DR. A. O. SHAW, Practice limited to LMseases or the Eye Ear. Nose. Throat and Chest. Eyes tested and glasses correctly titled. Office Rooms 15 and 16, Asnland, Musonlc Temple. Wisconsin. Thf— Washburn Times is gayfield Qoflnty’s feadintj JleWsp&per . Every Newspaper in the County has a Rate of $2.00 a Year for Subscribers. i As an Inducement We Make The Following Offer: Subscribe for the Times DO IT NOW ALWAYS ALIVE ALWAYS HAS THE NEWS OF THE COUNTY ALWAYS HAS SOMETHING FRESH IN ITS EDITORIAL COLUMNS NEVER ‘-AFRAID OF THE CARS” NOT AFRAID TO TELL THE TRUTH THE TIMES, weekly, §2.00 WISCONSIN FARMER, weekly, 75 FARM GAZETTE, monthly, 50 HOME MAKER, monthly, 50 Total §3.75 AH For The One Price, $2.00 a Year Or we will give you ( Milwaukee Weekly Free Press j for THE TIMES and \ or V $2.00 a ( Minneapolis Weekly Tidende ) year. Notice. Notice is hereby given to owners or keepers of any dog, or specimen of the'dog in lim its of the City of Washburn, who fails to obtain a license for such animal, or who, having obtained such license, shall allow such animal to run attarge without such tag, shall be punished by a fine of not less than three nor more than twenty-five dollars. Dated Aug. 16th, 1905. R. A. Hering. City Clerk. Wisconsin State Fair Milwaukee, Sept. 11-15 Tbe Omaha will sell tickets on Sept 9,19,11.12, 13, 14 and 15th from Milwaukee and return at $9.70 for the round trip, good returning until and including Septt?mber 16th. Duar Gus: —I have solved the mother-in-law problem, just give her regularly Hollister’s Rocky Moun tain Tea. It will make her healthy, happy and docile as a lamb. 35 cents Tee or Tablets. Fox Bros. Whs in Pool - Health for Years. Ira W. Kelleys of Maos field, Pa. writes ’‘l was in poor health for two years, suffering from kidney and bladder trouble, and spent consider able money consulting physicians without obtaining any marked bene fit, but was cured by Foley’s Kidney Cure, and I desire to add my testi mony that it may be the cause of restoring the health of others.” Re fuse substitutes. Frost & Spies. If you are troubled with dizzy spells, headache, indigestion, con stipatiou, Hollister’s Rocky Moun tain Tea will make you well and keep you well. If it fails, get your money back. Thats fair, 35 cents, Fox Bros. Liverita the up-to-date Lilt> liver Pill; 5c boxes contain 15 pilY 1 )e boxes contain 40 pills, 25c boxes contain 100 pills. Sold by Fox Bros Washburn, Wis laTrlppe Pneumonia follows La Grippe but never follows the use of FOLEY’S Z?S Itirtops the Cough and heals the lunge. Prevents Pneumonia and Consumption. Mb. G. Vacher, of 157 Osgood St., Chicago, writes: ‘'My wife had la grippe and it left her with a very bad cough on her lungs which Folet’i Homsx ajso T am cured completely,* C cioV/ev c-vrr SERVICE IN CHINA is as desirable as appearance. You want crockery that wdl wear as well as look well. There are some kinds of ware not worth jcloset roomT The glaze will wear off around the edoe. It will craze into those very fine cracks that are so annoying. It will not stand the heat. THAT'S THE KIND <* we do not handle, We guarantee all our crockery will be free from these defects. If you have even been annoyed with such ware, you will know that our guarantee means something. FINSTAD 6 AUNE, Washburn, Wis.