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A Few Hot Weather Records.
Eighty degrees in the shade is about as high a temperature as human nature can patiently endure for an extended period. Weather can be so much hotter, however, that eighty degrees would seem blissfully cool. Whenever an unusually hot sea son is upon us, sweltering humanity talks about the changes in climate and shakes its head in a foreboding fashion. But let no one feel that he has seen the worst. There have been many superlatively hot waves in different parts of the globe, and in different centuries. Fortunately, they do not come often. new t york Roasted in 1772. In times long gone ty people grumbled at and enjoyed heat waves much the same way as we do. That they had seme scorching seasons a dip into the records amply testifies. For examile, in 1809, so fearfully hot was it in Spain that the streets of Madrid and other cities were de serted, while laborers expired in the fields, and the vines were scorched and spoiled. The summer of 1772 was a dread ful one in New 7 York, and it is re lated that the principal thorough fares resembled battlefields in min iature. people were struck down by the score, no fewer than one hun dred and fifty-five cases of sunstroke occurring oa July 4. of whom nearly ODe-balf died. The following year in France the themometer rose to 118 degrees Fahrenheit. France also experienced two periods of great heat in 1704 and 1718. In the former year it was de scribed as being ‘‘equal to that of a glass furnace.’’ Meat could be pre pared for the table merely by expos ing it to the rays of the sun, and be tween noon and four in the after noon it was certain death to venture out of doors, In the latter year it was so hrt that many shops had to close, and the theaters did not open for three months, while not a drop off rain fell during double that period. RHINE DRIED UP IN 1132. Going back many centuries, one comes across years when great heat was fexperienced. In 1132 the Rhine dried up, as it did partially, together with the Danube, in 1303; and that it w 7 as more than warm in the summer of 1152 is indicated by the statement that during that sea son eggs were cooked merely by bi ing placed in the sand. That man eari exist under great heat has often been shown, although no one has probably demonstrated it more clearly than did a Spaniard on June 26, 1828. In Paris an oven was heated to over 290 degrees Fah renheit, and the man entered this inferno, where he remained for five minutes.. On emerging, his pulse was found to be beating two hun dred times in sixty sec'onds, but a few minutes later he seemed none the worse for his experiment. This was an extreme case, for a heat of 160 to 180 degrees Fohren heit would appear to be the u’most any man can remain in for an y length of time. In this respect the men who worked in the Comstock silver mines in Nevada —the hottest mines in the world —are to be pitied. The shafts and galleries of these mines are over 250 miles in length, are more than 3,000 feet deep, and at the 2,700 foot level the tempera ture of the water is 153 degrees, and the air 126 degrees. In another shaft the temperature rises* to 170 degrees, and it is only possible for men to work in it for ten or fifteen minutes at a stretch. HEAT IN PERSIAN GULF. There are other parts of the world, too, where the heat, even in the Asthma Sufferers Should Know This. Foley’s Honey and Tar has cured manv cases of asthma that were considered hopeles. Mrs Adolph Buesing, 70l West Third St,, Daven port lowa, writes: “A severe cold contracted twelve years ago was neglected until it finally grew into asthma. The best medical skill available could not give me more than temporary relief. Foley’s Honey and Tar was recommended and one fifty cent bottle entirely cured me of asthma which had been growing on me for twelve years, and if I had taken it at the strat I would have been saved years of suf fering. ” Sold by Q, W. Frost roLEYSHONIY^TAR for children; safe , sure• No opiates Sold by Q. W. Frost. open air is terrible. For instance, on the deck of a Persian Gulf steam er 120 degrees Fahrenheit has been recorded in the morning, while on shore, at Muscat, a black bulb solar themometer in the sun has register ed 187 degrees. Great Britain has once or twice approached this high record. The heat of the summer of 1826 was so great that in some localities wheat and barley were pulled up bv hand, being too short in the stalk to cut in the usual manner. The pastures were so burned that cattle bad to be fed on sprouts of gorse, streams dried up, and it was years later be fore many of them got their fish again. In 1851 a disastrous heat wave was experienced in different parts of Europe. In Hyde Park the shade reading varied from ninty to ninty-four degrees, in Paris during a review scores of soldiers fell vic tims to sunstroke, while at Aider shot men dropped dead at drill. Two years latter New York spent a week in dreadful heat; the city seemed as if it were on fire, two hundred and fourteen people being killed by sunstroke. Another great heat experience fell to the lot of the United States in July, 1876, especially in the Mid dle and Southern States. In Wash ington the heat was so intense that a prominent official declared the car-rails became so expanded by the action of the sun as to rise up in curved lines, drawing the bolts. In 1881 again we stewed in an atmos phere of 105 degrees in the shade, and in the sSme year 101 degrees was reached in England. LONDON DAY BEATS RECORD. The day really entitled to the proud distinction of being the hot testof the nineteenth century, in London, was Julv 28, 1885. when 162 degrees Fahrenheit u’as regis tered in the open air. On July 7, 1886, 155 degrees Fahrenheit was recorded, the previous day’s reading having been 151.5: the 4th of the same month in the following year it was 151.7; and on August 14, 1876, 147 degrees was registered. The hottest place in the United States is in Arizona. In the town of Yuma, which is at the junction of the Gila and Colorado rivers, in the southwestern portion of the State, the temperature recorded as normal for July is 118 degrees—not high, perhaps, when compared to the phe nomenal jumps which the mercury has taken, but certainly high when one reflects on its being the normal every-dav weather, * FORCE OF SOLAR HEAT. These facts and figures give some idea of what the sun is capable of. Of the terrific force of solar heat the astronomers have given a wonder ing world as good a notion as can be conveyed by words. For instance, Sir Robert Ball, the famous astronomer, has stated that if the earth were likened to a grain of mustard-seed, the sun by the same comparison would be as large as a cocoanut, while the heating power of a single square foot of its surface would be sufficient if placed under the boilers of an Atlantic liner to enable her to break ihe re cord in crossing the ‘‘herring pond.” If the sun’s heat were maintained by earthly means, in doing so all the coal in existence would be con sumed in a tenth part of a second. Another famous astronomer in his day, the late Richard Anthony Proc tor explained the total heat of the sun in another way. According to him, it was equal to that which would result from burning some thing like twelve billion tons of coal per second, and its beat would be strong enough to melt not far short of three trillion tons of ice in an hour. But of this almost unthink able force of heat the earth receives but a small proportion —only about one in two thousand millions of solar rays.—Scrap Book. A PuzzleWortn Having Dr. G. G. Green, of Woodbury, New Jersey, whose advertisement appears in our paper regularly, will mail to any one sending a two cent stamp to pay postage, one of his new German Syrup and August Flower Puzzles, made of wood and glass. It amuses and perplexes young and old. Although very diffi cult, it can b.e mastered. Mention this paper The sworn statement of the man ufacturers protects you from opiates n Kennedy’s Laxative Honey and Tar- the cough syrup that drives the cold out of your svstem. Sold by M. M. Sweet. HINT TO THRASHERS REASONS THAT THEY SHOULD BE ' HIGHWAY BUILDERS. None More Eligible to Become Good Roadmakers, an They Are General ly Hustlers How Their Traction Engines Can Be Used In the Work. The following paragraphs are from a paper prepared for the southwestern Thrasliermen’s convention by State Highway Commissioner Horatio S. Earle of Michigan. Limits of space forbid the publication of the entire pa per, but the suggestion to thrashermen to go into the road building business is an interesting jmoposition, says the Good Roads Magazine. Why good roads are wanted and why they are needed by the owners of farms, of factories, of mines and by producers of any other material re quiring transportation can be given in one word—elimination. The reason thrashing machines are employed to separate the grain from the straw is for the purpose of elimi nation—that is, it is cheaper to thrash this way than by the use of the flail or beast stamping process, and so a por tion of the cost of thrashing is done away with and the money remains in the hands of the grain producer. There is no sentimental reason for wishing to cut out a portion of the cost of thrashing or of transportation. It is simply avariciousness, a very com mendable quality in a man if only coupled in right proportions with the Golden Rule doctrine. If it costs $2 to draw one ton to market over a bad road and only .$2 to draw two tons over that same road when the road has been made good, then the good road is the machine with which to do the thrashing—that is, with which to eliminate a portion of the cost of transportation, provided it doesn’t cost more for the machine and its repairs than is saved by its use. Every bad road is a toll road. Al though you may not be compelled to drive under a shed and hand to an old cripple your cash before going through the gate, yet the toll is collected just the same by Cripple Mud or Cripple Sand, who are found along the way. They collect the difference between the cost of transportation over a bad road and over a good one, and this dif ference is never less than one-half the cost of hauling over a bad road. So a farmer who hauls his produce to mar ket over a bad road if it cost him SIOO a year to haul has paid SSO of this amount as toll to Cripples Mild and Sand. No one is more eligible to become a good roadmaker than the thrasherman. In the first place he is generally a hus tler. He has to be in order to be suc cessful In his business, for thrashing doesn’t last the year round, and he has to be up and doing while it does last. If anybody obeys the old maxim, “Make hay while the sun shines,” it is the thrasherman. Next he has a trac tion engine, whose power can be used to pull the plow or grader, to haul the stone and gravel and to crush the stone and roll the road. He has the time, too, in spring and early summer as well as in the fall to attend to this work. “Every dog has his day,” and the good, roads day is here. The thrasher man * who gets a sample permanent road to build and does it well with the advice and help of a technical practi cal road builder will not only learn how to make good roads, but wili cre ate a sentiment for them which will furnish him employment just as long as he continues to do well what he un dertakes. He can work out the statute labor for the taxpayer by hauling gravel with his traction engine, and as soon as the taxpayer sees how much more good the gravel does than the worn out earth that he has been scrap ing out of the ditches year after year and piling up in the center of the road he will not fail to g*t “Mr. Thrasher man Good Roadmaker” to do his road work for him every season. Good Roads For Antos. Robert P. Hooper, the new chair man of the good roads committee of the American Automobile association, recently went to Chicago from New York for the purpose of conferring with President John Farson and several oth er western advocates of the good roads movement, says the New York Times. Secretary Gorham said that Mr. Hoop er’s committee intended to pursue a more vigorous policy toward exerting the automobile influence for better highways than had been the case in the past. Mr, Hooper is a member of the Germantown Automobile club, near Philadelphia, and his pet project now is the furtherance of the plan to build a macadamized state highway from Philadelphia to Pittsburg, a distance of 248 miles. All of the automobile clubs of the state are working toward that end. Not content with this Penn sylvania road, Mr. Hooper has also pre pared a rough plan for a continuance of the highway from Pittsburg to Chi cago. New York and New Jersey au tomobilists are still discussing plans to improve the roads between New York and Philadelphia. Value of Cement Gravel. Many of the roads in the neighbor hood of Savannah, Ga., have been im proved with a cement gravel, which is said to resemble asphalt in its finished condition. The cost has averaged 1 about $3,500 per mile, and sections that have been in use for eight or ten years. are reported to be in good condition at present. Gravel, marl and clay are, the constituents of these roads, as they are of good concrete. There are about thirty miles of this kind of roadway, already contracted, and as a result! there has been added to the ratable] property of the city about $500,000 for, automobiles alone. TIPS AND TIPPING. The Customary Exactions on Hoard th Allantic Liners. Do not take fright at what you may bear about excessive tips on steamers and in Europe. They are numerous, but need not be large. To scatter your money wildly in tips will mark you as a novice. All the servants will quickly spot you, pass the word around and fleece you. Tips vary, of course, in accordance with the grade of steam ers, hotels and other accommodations. If you travel in a specially equipped floating palace you must expect to pay at least $25 for steamer tips. On regu lar first class steamers, however, the following are customary and will be ample: Stateroom steward, $2.50; state room stewardess, $2.50; dining room steward, $2.50. These are obligatory. On the cheaper first class steamers they may be reduced to $1 each and be entirely dignified. It all depends on the boat. By talking with other pas sengers you can readily learn the cus tomary scale for your steamer. If you use the bathroom regularly, pay the bathroom steward $1; if less frequently this might be cut to 25 cents a bath. If you read books from the library, give the steward a tip varying from $1 down to 25 cents, according to grade o? steamer and frequency of his service to you. The deck steward’s gratuity is a variable quantity; he has opportunity for getting tips from so many people that he fares better than inside stew ards, who are restricted to a certain number; hence do not be uneasy about him. Give him what you ihink he has earned in waiting on you, according to relative service with the other stew ards. A dollar is the maximum expect ed on ordinary boats. Thus your total tips need not exceed $lO a voyage and may not be more than $5. Be reasonable in what you require of stewards, and if you should ask special service of them outside the line of their regular duties, pay them for it.—Myra Emmons in Good House keeping. EARTH’S LATENT POWER. AH Solid Substance May Vanish In a Moment of Time. The late Professor S. I*. Langley, sec retary of the Smithsonian institution, speaking of earthquakes, said: “The consideration of the unfamiliar powers certainly latent In nature, such as belong to a little tremor of the plan et’s surface or such as was shown in that scene I have described,” referring to phenomena he had witnessed when the comparatively insignificant effect of a few tons of dynamite was to make solid buildings unrealities, “may help us to understand that the words of the great poet are but the possible expression of a physical fact; that ‘the cloud capped towers, the gorgeous pal aces, the solemn temples, and we with them, may indeed some day inconceiv ably vanish as the airy nothing at the touch of Prospero’s wand, and without the warning to us of a single instant that the security of our ordinary lives is about to be broken.’ “We concede this, however, in the present case only as an abstract possi bility, for the advance of astronomical knowledge is much more likely to show that the kernel of the comet is but the bigness of some large meteorite against which our air is an efficient shield, and the chance of evil is most remote—in any case only such as may come in any hour of our lives from any quarter, not alone from the earthquake, but from the pestilence that walketh in darkness from the infinitely little be low and within us as well as from the infinite powers of the universe without. “Something common to man and the brute speaks at such times, if never before or again; something which is not altogether physical apprehension, but more like the moral dismay when the shock of an earthquake is felt for tlie first time, and we know that startling doubt superior to reason whether the valid frame of earth is real, and not ‘baseless as the fabric of a vision.’ Washington Star. One Vain Wish. The Wife—He told me that if I mar ried him my every wish would be grat ified. The Mother—Well, is it not so? The Wife—No; I wish I hadn’t married him.—Cleveland* Leader. The nobler the blood tlie less the nri.de'.—From the Danish. 28,000 ACHES 28,000 LANDS. In All Parts of Bayfield County. Owner Not Agent Easy Payment and Interest at 6 per cent- Call on or write, D. M MAXCY, Washburn, Wis. 28,000 ACRES 28,000 There is more catarrh in this sec tion of the country than all other diseases put together, and until the Inst few years was supposed to be incurable. Fora great many years doctors pronounced it a local dis ease and prescribed local remedies, and by constantly failing to cure p’ith local treatment, pronounced it incurable. Science has proven ca tarrh to be a constitutional disease and therefore nquires constitution al treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Cos. Toledo. Ohio, is the only constitu tional cure on the .market. It is taken internally in dsses from 10 drops to a teaspoonful. It acts directly on tne blond and mucous surfaces of the system. They offer one hundred dollars for any case it fails to cure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address, F. J. Cheney & Cos,. Toledo, Ohio. Sold by all druggists. 75c. Take Hall’s Family Pills for con stipation. You cannot induce a lower animal to eat heartily when not feel ing well. A sick dog starves him self, and yets well. The stomach, once overworked, must have rest the same as your feet and eyes You don’t have to starve to rest your stomach. Kodol For Dyspep sia takes up the work for your stom ach. digests what you eat and gives it a rest. Puts it back in condition again. You can’t feel good vitha disordered stomach. Try Kodol. Sold by. M. M. Sweet. The Most Perfect BLOOD PURIFIER That Can Be Found Is [Matt. J. Johnsons 6038 cures all kinds of blood trouble, Liver and Kidney trouble, Catarrah and Rheu matism, by acting on the blood, liver and kidneys, by purifying the blood, and corn tains medicines that pass off the im purities. For Sale and Guaranteed Only By M. M. Sweet, Washburn, Wis. El. A. Robinson and G. Broman, Pratt, Wisconsin. WILL CURE YOU of any case of Kidney or Bladder disease that is not beyond the reach of medi cine. Take it at once. Do not risk having Bright’s Dis ease or Diabetes. There is nothing gained by delay. 50c. aaid SI.OO Bottles. REFUSE SUBSTITUTES. Sold by Q. W. Frost. FOLETfSHONEY*“TAR Cures Colds; Prevents Pneumonia Sold by Q. W. Frost. AWf mans Complexion, It is rank foolishness to attempt to remove sallow ness or gre&sines* the skin I r the use of cosmetics,, or local” treatment, as advocated by the “beiuty doctors.” The only safe and sun way that a woman can improve here mplexion is by purify ing and enrk ting the,blood, which can only be accomplished by keeping ibe liver hesirhy and active. The liver is the seat of disease and blood pollution. Green’s August Flower acts directly on the liver, cleanses and enriches the blosd, purifies the complexion. It also cures consti pation, biliousness, nervousness, and induces refreshing sleep. A single bottle of August Flower has been hnown to cure the most pronounced and distressing case of dyspepsia and digestion. New trial size bottle 25 cents; reyular size 75 cents. At Frost & Spies. Delivered to any part of the city on short notice. Call up THOMAS L. SDKELOW. Both Phones' OSIER YOUR next lot of PRUTDtO from “THE TIMES” We have a great var iety of papers to sel ect from. In Printing We Lead! TIME TABLES, 19 0 6. r w yNi in t sl TIMB card jpR —op— West Bound .’Arrive : Depart No. 573 Washburn and Iron - River Express : 7:lsam East Bo and : Arrive : Depart No. 574 Washburn and,lron : : River Express ’ 7;55 pm: Through tickets to ail points in the United States, Canada. Alaska, China and .Japan. A. M. Clelana G. P. A., St. Paul. Minn. W. J3. DufFy Agent C. St. F. M. & O. By. PASSENGER TRAINS: SOUTH NORTH *8:30 a. m. daily 10:35 a. no. daily 11:55a.m. exSuuday 1:40 p.m, exSanday $3:00 p.m. daily 4:30 p.m. exSunday t6:30 p.m. daily 5:15 p.m. Sunday only 9:47 p.m. daily *Connect at AslPaiid Junction with soutfc bound trains. sConnecta at Ashland Junc tion for St. Paul or Chicago. tConnect at Ashland with Northwestern train for Chicago. WIS. CENTRAL TRAINS FROM ASHLAND. ARK. DEP’T. Through mail and Ex press (daily 4:80 pm 8:40 am Limited (daily) 7:45 am 7:25 pm Orders for t ickets can he procured of Q W. Frost, Druggist Washburn, Wis.