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It is rather a pity that our hickories Should receive highest appreciation from us when they are yielding up their substance in roaring flames in our fireplaces. For nowhere in the forest world can we find a genus of trees that is, as a whole, more attractive and valuable than the genus hicoria. Most of the hickories are beautiful in summer when their glossy foliage is at Its best. In autumn this foliage turns the color of uncoined gold, and when bare of leaves there is revealed an oaklike twist to the branches which makes these trees most picturesque and beautiful objects in the winter landscape. We have never made as much commercially of the nuts as we might well have done. Our Indian predecessors knew how to make a most attractive beverage from them, and the early settlers pressed from them an oil that was a luxury. The pecan is the only hickory species that has been developed and cultivated to any extent, and this has only recently begun its career as a cultivated tree.— Country Life In America. A Iloyal Locksmith. Louis XVI. had a passion for the locksmith’s trade, and it is said that over his private library he had a forge, two anvils and a vast number of iron tools, together with all kinds of locks, common as well as those of a secret and elaborate variety. It was here that the king would conceal himself from the queen and the court to file and forge with the infamous Gamin, who taught him the art of lockmaking. It is said that Gamin while teaching the king his trade took upon himself the tone and authority of a master, and. according to this same master, the king was good, forbearing, timid, inquisitive and addicted to sleep. Louis had also a great passion for timepieces, and the difficulty which be found in adjusting his clocks and watches is said to have drawn from him the re flection that it was absurd of him to attempt to bring men to anything like uniformity of belief in matters of faith when he couldn’t make any two of his timepieces agree with each other. Don’t Talk 3lncli to Your Horse. A horse who has always been made to obey quickly will respond to com mands from any one, whereas the creature who has been petted and talk ed to accords, unless hungry, scant at tention to any one. We talk to horses altogether too much, and it is a silly and dangerous custom. “Whoa!” should mean but one thing and, slip, slide or fall, should meet with instant obedi ence. Not another word should ever be used, beyond possibly the order to “stand over” in the stall (although even that is best unsaid) except the “click” of the tongue for increased speed. The animal’s attention is kept if you are silent. He does not know what you will do next, and as he distrusts and merely tolerates you, even as he fears you, his anxiety is always to find out what you wish done or what move yon will next make.—F. M. Ware In Outing Magazine. Didn’t Know the Cipher. The inability to read a cipher once cost a notable of France his head. When the Chevalier de Rohan was in the Bastille his friends, wishing to let him know that his accomplice had died without confessing, passed the following cipher, written on a shirt, Into his dungeon: “Mg dulhxecclgu ghj yxuj; lm ct ulge alj.” The cipher was not a difficult one, being arranged by a complete transposition of the alphabet, but De Rohan did not have the clew, and he puzzled over the meaningless Words in vain. A solution of the rid dle meant the guillotine or his free dom, but the puzzle was beyond him, and he pleaded guilty because he could hoc dedlpher “Le prisonnier est mort; II n’a rien dit.” Origin of Croquet. The origin of croquet is certainly in volved in mystery. Some authorities are of the opinion that it is founded on the old game of “pale maille,” or pell mell, from which we have the street Pall Mall. This is described by Cot grave in his dictionary as “a game wherein a round box bowle is with a mallet struck through a high arch of yron,” and a picture of this in Strutt’s “Sports and Pastimes” shows that these had a strong resemblance to the croquet implements of today.—London Academy. Labeled. In the Legard house there was a great dinner. After awhile the maid was called, and the mistress said: “Serve the dinner. There is no one else to come except a relation of little importance.” Five minutes afterward the maid an nounced in a loud tone: “The relation of little importance!”— I/O Scacciapensieri. Try Silence. The man who counts thirty in his mind before he speaks soon discovers that when he talks he says something. Try silence for a change. It builds up a wonderful reserve force in your phys ical organization and surely overcomes your temperamental inclinations to babble.—Cairo Bulletin. ! Disconraging. She—Why do you look so worried, Bertie? Did papa object? Bertie—No; but he said: “It’s all right. You’ll soon find out it’s useless to kick when Neil’s head is set on anything.” Levity and Gravity. Scott—l played a funny trick on the law of gravity this morning. Mott— What was it’ Scott—Dropped a line to my wife up in the mountains.—Boston Transcript. Giving alms never lessens the purse. e-Spanish Proverb. UHHJI ns Histoiy of ludustry Since Dis covery of Anthracite. PENNSYLVANIA’S OUTPUT This Country Mines One-Third of Entire Coal Used in the World— Miners Mostly all Foreigners— Value of Production for 1904 Ex ceeded That from All Copper. Pennsylvania’s coal fields cover an area of 15,500 square miles, and are divided into two great regions—the anthracite and bituminous, the an thracite in the eastern central part of the State, containing 500 square miles, and the bituminous in the west part, containing 15,000 square miles. The discovery of bituminous ante dates that of anthracite, and the de velopment and first attempts to in troduce them as articles of com merce are replete with interest. Bi tuminous was discovered early in the eighteenth century, when the Penns, who retained their proprietary interest in the State, including the Manor of Pittsburg, surveyed the town of Pittsburg and at the same time sold the privilege of mining coal for home purposes near the town at the rate of £3O for each mining lot. The first shipment of bi tuminous of any consequence was to southern points on the Ohio River and to Columbia, Penn., in 1804, and consisted of 400 tons carried on a raft. # Anthracite coal was discovered by white people in 1770 on Sharp Mountain, then in Northampton County, near where the town of Summit Hill, Carbon County, is now situated, but many years before that the Indians knew of its existence. The records of Northampton Court verify the discovery by showing that patents were issued in 1780 with a claim that Sharp Mountain contained valuable coal deposits. The discovery also at this date is shown by Scull’s map of Pennsylvania of 1771, which marks the place in Northampton County where the coal was found. The value of coal and its allied products is astonishing. Towns and cities are springing into existence id Pennsylvania, and grow with a ra pidity that causes the most conserva tive to marvel. Her cities contain more solid wealth in proportion to their population than any other cities in the country. The total number of industries in the State that use coal is 52,170, and the value of the output in 1905 was $1,720,108,250 . The total amount of anthracite mined in 1904 was 62,595,644 tons, while the amount sold was 58,057,- 477 tons. Almost 4,000,000 tons per year are used about the mines and towns for generating steam and do mestic purposes. The average num ber of persons employed in 1904 was 160,579. The sum of the wages was $26,065,400. The average year ly earnings for 1904 were $574.28, an individual increase over 1903 of $82.85, or 16.8 per cent. This aver age increase in the earnings of em ployees included 24,134 persons who worked in and about the breakers, mostly boys. The total number of tons of bitu minoas mined and sold in 1904 was 97,490,708, the average price of which was sl.Ol. The persons em ployed numbered 146,330, and they earned $16,134,195. Coke to the value of $56,000,000 was also manu factured in 1904. It is of interest to note that the value of the output of anthracite alone in the State for 1904 exceeded all the copper and silver mines in the United States for 1904, when the copper output amounted to $88,134,770, gold $74,525,400, and silver $30,- 520,668, or a total of $195,380,798, while the total output of coal at the mines amounted to about $200,000,- 000 and at seaboard, $300,000,000. The centralization of mining in terests is being brought about by the merging of the different railroad companies, and it is asserted that be fore long one gigantic syndicate will control both the anthracite and bitu uminous output, and with it the des tinies of 325,447 men and boys who are employed In both fields. Of this vast army of mine work ers, including men and boys, more than 70,000 are immigrants from Continental Europe. Those employed from the inception of mining until within a few years were natives of Wales, Cornwall, Germany, Ireland, and Scotland. Now these nationali ties and their descendants are being replaced by Poles, Lithuanians, Syr ians, Greeks, Galicians and Hungar ians, not only as miners, but in com mercial pursuits also. Owing to the great physical endurance these im migrants possess they are well adapted to the arduous labor of coal mining, and they have proved that they make good American citizens by the vast amount of real estate they own and the successful battle they make in the stress of modern competition. The United States mines one third of the entire coal product of the world, and of this amount Penn sylvania has the distinction of turn ing out about one-half. New York’s Rapid Growth. New York State now has a popu lation of a little more than 8,000,- 000, or about 800,00 more than it had five years ago. New York city is growing more rapidly than the rest of the State. The annual growth has been larger, says the Youth’s Com panion, than the total population of Syracuse or St. Joseph or Memphis or Los Angeles, or Omaha. PAY OF EUROPEAN STATESMEN. Denmark Is Stingiest of 411 Coun • tries to Her Legislators. The Norwegian member of Par liament gets only thirteen shillings a day, and if the hard worked legisla tor takes a day off he loses his pay. The same is the case with members of the Swiss Diet. They are rewarded with sixteen shillings a day, on con dition that they do not absent them selves from work. To go further East, we find that Roumania thinks her lawmakers worth a£l a day. Sixteen shillings a day Is the salary of those who com pose the Bulgarian Sobranje, but members who live in the capital get only twelve shillings daily. Denmark is about the stingiest of all European countries, so far as re munerating her lawmakers is con cerned. Danish members of Parlia ment get but six shillings eight pence a day; but, on the other hand, they have the odd privilege of a free seat in the royal theater In Copen hagen. While the members of the German Reichstag are not salaried, yet the lawmakers of the various German States do not work for nothing. Saxe-Coburg members of Parliament are paid thirteen shillings, of Ba varia ten and of Hesse nine. At first sight Hungary seems to do her lawmaking on the cheap plan, for her members get £2OO a year in cash. But they are not so badly off, after all, for a liberal allowance is made into the bargain for house rent. Austria-Hungary’s two legisla tive assemblies cost the country about £160,000 a year in all. Both in Austria and Hungary legislators can travel first class with second class tickets. Besides the United Kingdom, Italy and Spain are the only countries which pay nothing to their members of Parliament. Nevertheless, the cost of the Italian Parliament is estimated at £85,000 a year. In Portugal also the State does not remunerate legislators, but they re ceive free railway passes, and their constituencies are legally permitted to pay those who represent them a sum of about fifteen shillings for each day of the session. Silk From Guncotton. Science threatens to put the silk worm out of business. French chem ists have discovered at least three distinct methods of competing with the old reliable but extremely delib erate silkworm. Perhaps the most interesting of these is the manufacture of silk from guncotton, which also serves as a base for the most powerful of mod ern explosives. The viscous fluid from which the silkworm spins his thread is chemi cally duplicated by a process de scribed in the Technical World. The fabric thus produced is inflammable, and in order to remedy this defect it is treated with an alkali sulphide solution. The founders of the new industry have kept in view not so much the exact reproduction of natural silk as the production of a substance which embraces its valuable properties. Natural silk possesses to a large degree qualities of brilliancy, elas ticity, strength, affinity for coloring and bleaching materials, and when handled a peculiar rustling sound, known as scroop. Perhaps the bril liancy and scroop of silk are the best known of its qualities, and it is in these two respects that artificial silk most closely resembles natural its brilliancy being greater and its scroop slightly less. Weight of the Sexes at Varying Ages. If all the men and women, boys and girls, and infants—black, white, yellow, brown, or red—in all parts of the world, could be weighed on the same scales, the average weight would be nearly one hundred pounds avoirdupois. Six-pound infants and three-hundred-pound giants contri bute to the average. Upon the average, boys at birth weigh a little more and girls a little less than seven pounds. For the first twelve years the two sexes continue nearly equal in weight, but beyond that age the boys acquire a decided preponderance. Young men of twen ty average 135 pounds, while the young women of twenty average 110 pounds each. Men reach their heaviest weight at about forty years of age, when their average weight will be about 140 pounds; but women slowly increase in weight until fifty years of age, when their average weight will be 130 pounds. Taking the men and women together, their weight at full growth will then average from 108 to 150 pounds; and women from 80 to 130 pounds. As weight increases, the normal human pulse becomes slower, and then, as weight grows less, in old age, the pulse becomes faster again. | Cosmopolitan New York. * “Speaking of living in a foreign city where one is disturbed by a lack of knowledge of the language,” re marked the New York woman, “the man who does my collars and cuffs is i a Chinaman; I don’t pretend to talk g with him; the waiter at the Italian jj restaurant which it pleases me to 1 frequent is a Frenchman; the man \ on the corner who sells me my Mexi can oranges is Italian; the owner of the small grocery where thev have the best coffee is German, the laundress who washes my lingerie is a negress with a soft and musical but occasion ally almost incomprehensible dialect, and the porter who comes to clean up my studio is Dutch. I don’t try to talk w r ith him. I merely point to the windows or rugs and then to my pocketbook.” IT WILL NOT DISAPPOINT YOU tmtnmmmmmmamaammßtmmmm MATT J. HHOO JOHNSON’S DUOO Has cured thousands. Our guarantee Is evidence of that. If you are not satisfied after taking half of the first bottle, you GET YODa MONEY BACK Read what the oldest printer In Min nesota says it did for him: EDITORIAL ENDORSEMENT “The readers of the A. O. U. W. Guide who may he afflicted with rheu matism are hereby informed that we have used this remedy, 6088, in our family for two years; that a single bottle cured rheumatism of the arm of six months’ standing, and rheumatism of the feet of a year’s standing, after experimenting with several regular prescriptions and receiving no relief. “DAVID RAMALEY, “St. Paul..** Sold and guaranteed by Martin I Vi. Sweet A.FuzzietVorcn Having Dr. G. G. Green, of Woodbury, New Jersey, whose advertisement appears in our paper regularly, will mail to any one sending a two ceat stamp to pay postage, one of his new German Syrup and August Flower Puzzles, made * f wood and glass. I' amuses and perplexes young and old. Although very diffi cult, it can be mastered. Mention his paper fOLEYSHON£Y*™TAR for children; safe, sure. Ho opiates Sold by Q. W Frost. THEHONIEANDTARMWEEKLY V/JLL GIVE AWAY $30,000.00 in Cash and Valuable Awards OPEN TO ALL scriber to enter this contest OPEN TO ALL Th Home and Farm Weekly is a Paper for Every American Fireside. In order to advertise The Home and Farm Weekly to a half a million homesatonee *ve will give away $33,000.00 in cash and valuable premiums as follows: AAA TL Following this will be about 3,000 other Awards, Including: tPJIV V Vtv V 111 VCIOU Ranges, Farm Wagons, Buggies, Sewing Machines, SSOO, Phono* , w graphs, SSOO, Encyclopedias, $1,200, Watches, SI,OOO, Bibles, Diction hwnnn,...*. m ir ““ , artes, Clocks, Fine Dishes, Jewelry, Farm Implements, etc., etc. Complete list of this stupendous list of soo,ooo worth of valuable gifts will be found only in The Home and Yarm Weekly. Remember, these awards will be made absolutely free. Send your letter, describing your plan of counting and your estimate, all at one time in same envelope. The Home and Farm Weekly will appear first on April 19th, 1906, and will have a circulation of 100,000 to 200,000 at the start. Among the many splendid features which will appear regularly are whole pages of funny car toons —The Original Buster Brown —The Famous Katzenjammer Kids —Happy Hooligan—Lulu and Leander — Foxy Grandpa and all the other inimitable creations of Outcault, Opper, Swinnerton, Dirks, Bunny and other cel ebrated cartoonists. Powerful and uplifting Editorials, fighting the battles of the people now and always. Household and Woman’s Department with such well-known contributors as Ella Wheeler Wilcox, Mrs. John A. Logan, Beatrice Fairfax, Winifred Black, Lady Henry Somerset and other celebrities. Fiction by well-known authors. Thrilling Serial Stories, and other great special features, and able contributions of world-famous writers and correspondents—all these features will make The Home and Farm Weekly an innovation among weekly peri odicals. There has never been anything like it.£ Agents wanted everywhere. Liberal terms. Write to-day. COUNT THE DOTS AND SEND IYOUR ESTIMATE AT ONCE. 90 HOT FAIL TO GET COUNTS IN AT ONCE— Complete list of prizes, prize winners and conditions of the con test published only in The Home and Farm Weekly. You never had such an opportunity before. YOU WANT some of these $30,000.00 in premiums. SO SEND IN YOUR ESTIMATE WITH YOUR LETTER, describing your plan Of counting, AT ONCE. AP ClTff ¥ Thi3 is not to be confused with guessing and estimating contests, which are not permitted by the f, 1 Uff uJaIjL/1/ Postoffice Department. Our contest is a test of skill and ingenuity, in counting the dots and getting up the best plans. It depends upon you. There is no guess or chance about it. Do not hesitate about en tering it. but get your count in at once, to-day. This contest is open to all. There are no conditions, as you can read above. The prizes are to be awarded to those persons who correctly count the dots shown in the diagram and who 6ubmit the best or most meritorious plans of counting, While this blank is convenient, any count sent in, in any way, will be considered. If you do not these^^dots^then* 5 the prizes be •w to use this coupon send in your estimate by letter. awarded according to the relative ao p——nmn—wi—M——■n—miMii.n in in t mnTi—i———— curacy of the counts submitted. A com- EX. THE HOME AND FARM WEEKLY, 146 Franklin Street, Chicago, 111. fi. et published^ly^’? 00 The^Home •entlemen —My count in your $30,000 dot contest is... I subscription price is si.6o f year, but for the next 90 days a special ifrbeenp xcame tion ra te of 50 cents a year is being _ 0+ ._ + - made. Send money, stamps, postal or *• “• .oiaxe express order. Address —:EErr=-j ft Ml Fll MU The regular subscription price of “THE HUME AND FARM WEEKLY” is SI.OO per year, 146 Franklin St.* but for the next 90 days a special subscription rate of 50 cents per year being made. Send rwirirn II I gtoney, stamps, express or postal order* LnILAUUi * • SUCCESS IN BUSINESS IS GENERALLY ATTRIBUTED TO THE JUDICIOUS DSE OF PRINTER’S INK. GIVE THE TIMES” A TRIAL and 'wtitolt. the results from It. WE REACH THE PEOPLE Cbe Masbburn e “T* Cbe Maabburn Cimes .... T printing Cos. . . FOR THE MAN AND THE WOMAN WHO KNOW YT\ There’s no light rifle like the Marlin .22 repeater, for either target f a \) f\ ® hootln * orßlllllll & ame ’ because it has Marlin accuracy. If you shoot , / / this means everything. The Solid Top, with its wall of metal always be- V I - tW6en y ° U and the carfcrid ®* and the Side Ejector are U? 1 l ];jfcLtU== : - JI=J original Marlin features, which make it the safest to ' uandle as well as the surest. It shoots short, long and k long-rifle cartridges without any change. In The Marlin io-gauge Shotguns are the smallest and lightest re- P e ating guns manufactured. A new, well balanced gun of great accuracy. Handles stiff loads safely and well. Write us about any particular repeating rifle or shotgun needs you have. Our latest Catalogue— 3oo illustrations— our Experience Book , that tells what MABLINS are -"MA doing the world over , free for 3 stamps postage. THE MARLIN fire ARHS CO. • ■ 4 2 Willow St. .... New Haven, Conn. SPay field County fPiat f/fooics, L El D Compiled by Seorye ft. Caider. wsm? ,  Published by ft, ‘Doenitz and Jff* Pittenhouse. s This Book shows the ownership of every piece of land in the county. Also shows railroads, wagon roads, school houses/government land, state land, etc. You can get this information from no other source for the same amount of money. Address County Clerk, Washburn, Wis.