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Official County Paper.
ADVERTISING RATES. t ~~Tju*r 1 in-: <• LI K*t|)9sl TSt I*.k 11.00 fi.son.aoii. 00L.00 noTS 1 week* ISO 2.25 3.75 5.75, 5.00 13.05 (week. 2.001 3.00 5.00 7.50)10.00 15.05 1 month 2.50} 3.75| 6.35 9.25 12.00 19.05 I month* 3.00| 4.50 9.00 11.75 17.05 95 09 3month* 4.00) 6.2511.2514.00 23 00 55 5) 9 month* 6.00, 8.00 15.0u420.0w39.00 4* 1 lr— ■ * |10.00|13.00 18.00 30.00)45.00 50.01 Bnalnu* cards, not exceeding St* Una* 55.45 advertisement* at legal rate*. Advert!**, ments inserted with no (peolflad tlir s aOl be published nnt.ll ordered out, and obarfed fee ae oordlngly. All bill* parable q utterly. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. County Officers. County Judge O. W. OhAvss Sheriff J. W. White Sounty Clerk Wm. Brandon ounty Treasurer A. T. Fobtdn Register of Deeds Wm. Hutchison Clerk of the Court H. 0. Goslino Dlstrlot Attorney John S. Labson County Superintendent Howabd Mili.eb Surveyor W. H. Knowkr Coroner O P. AIKEN Chairman Board of Supervisor* Ai.ex Hell Poor Commissioner E. Tilton Superintendent Insane Asylum. ..F. Wilkins CITY OFFICERS. JjW*.../ Aug. Smith City Clerk H. K. P-icKard Treasurer John 8. McKltirlck Assessor Jos. Omiin son Police Justice J. Henry Bennett Justices t B- 8 - MoMlthae: Marshal John C. Johnson Snna(.>,ua f A. I. Kus sell SOCIETY DIRECTORY. I A BELLE LODGE A. F. A A. M. NO. 84. J Meets the First and Third Wednesdays of each month. Hall in Williams' block. Y7TBOQTJA LODGE, 1. O- O F.—MEETS I5V > ery Saturday night In Williams’ block. YTIBOQTU ENCAMPMENT. I. 0.0. F., NO. v 40. Meets every Monday evening. NOIENT ORDER OF UNITED WORKMEN —First and third Tuesdays of each month. ORDER OF CHOSEN FRIENDS.—MEETS second and fourth Saturdays of each mth. American legion of iionor.-meets second and fourth Tuesdays of eaoh m th. Alex, lowrie post, o. a. r—meets first Monday evening of each month. In W. B. C. hall. K f,uina lodge, daughters of he bekah. No. v*s, meets first and tliird Mou c’ay of each mouth iu I. O. O. K. hall. Modern woodmen ok America, no. 1901, meets Friday night of each week. Yiboqua chapter, o. e. s., meets second Tuesday of each mouth in Masoulo ball. Y/TROQUA CHAPTER. R. A. M., MEETS V every second and fourth Wednesday of each month- YX r OMAN’S RELIEF CORPS.-MEETS OH 99 alternate n ■ rn ions. \\T c. T. U.—MEETS ALTERNATE TUES -99. days at 3p. m. 10. O. T. LODGE. MEETS ON EVERY • Wednesday evening. In Alliance hall. rpHE VIROQUA COUNCIL, NO LJ, A. P. A , A meets at Alliance nail every Tuesday night 7:30 o’ol ck I/IROQUA K O. T. M.—MEETS ON EVERY 9 Monday evening iu Alliance hall, at 7:30. CHURCH DIKKCTORY. fjffETHODIST EPISCOPAL.-SERVICES AT [l9l 10:80 a. m. and 7:30 p m. each Sabbath. Sunday school at 12 m. Prayer meetings on Thursday evenings. /CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH-SERVIOE3 V at 10:80 a. m. and 7:30 p. m. each Sabbath. Sunday sobool at 12 m. Church of christ.-preaching ev ery Sunday at 10:ao a. m. and In the even* tng. Sunday school at 9 :80 am. Norwegian Lutheran chuhcbl- Serylces every Sunday at 8 o'olock. BTJSIJN'Liftti CARDS. TT P. PROCTOK, ATTORNEY AND 11, Counselor, Viroqna, Win. Will ptactios In all Conns of the state. Special ,aUnUyp given to Collections. CIL3AUCH A LARSON, ATTORNEYS. is Special a tenth.n given to collsotlon* Of ■ie In Ferguson Block, second floor, Mata Street, Vlroqua, Wls. Jackson Silbauoh. John S. Labson. WM. A. OOTT, M D , PHYSICIAN AND Surgeon, Vlroqua, Wls. Office near residence. 1 bl’k E. Lvsne’s hotel. P. MIN3HALL, M. D„ PHYSICIAN J\. sad Surg ,m. A graduate ot Keokuk Mrdloa). College, one of the best of Its kind m the United States. All oalls promptly attend ed, day or night. Latest and most approved methods ot treatment use 1. Office In Casson'e Hl'k Viroqua, Wis. i; E. MORLEY, M. D., PHYSICIAN A . and Surgeon, Vlroqna, Wls. Office over Craig ,fe Co's drug store, on west side of hall. All calls attended promptly day or nigh.. M. SuiIKXSON. CllA3. FI. TROWBRIDGE. cURENfOS A TROWBRIDCE, O Physicians andSurgeons, Vlroqua. Wls. Calls In city or country promptly attended Office over Craig & i Vs drug store. JOHN DAWSON A CO.— GEAERAL tt Insurance ami Beal Estate Agency, Vlroqua. Office In Williams block, second floor. \7 ERNON CO. COURT-—REOULAE 9 term! in the first Tuesday of each month, at’h, court house from 9 to l?n. m. and 130 to 6p. in. Lb O. MAHONEY County Judge. a. J. SCTTLR, M.D. W. M. Tbowbbidob, md. DRS. SUTTLE & TROWBRIDGE. Dr. Trowbridge, late resident physician and lurgeon Cook county hospital, Chicago. • ALL OALLS ATTENDED PROMPTLY • Day or night, from offloe. GEO. E. CHAHBERS, Crown and Bridge Work, Metal Plates sad all other bran, hex of dental work done In the latest and most Improved meaner. Satis faction guaranteed. O.ffioe In Towuer'a block VIROQUA, . . WIS. J. H. Chase, Office over Chandler's [ Vlroqua* C. W. Graves. D. O. Mahoney. CRAVES A MAHONEY* Attorneys & Counsellors at Law Practice In all Courts. Money Loaned on Heal Estate. Collections Promp tly Attended to. Office over Bank of Vlroqua* VIROQUA, WIS. MEAT MARKET: HOLBROOK & NIX, Fresh, Salt# Smoked Meats S AUSACES. CTO- We Aim ••• te *.* Please. St being oleaa l> onr work, fair In oar deal tags, and by keeping the best stook of meats te be had. - * ♦' —* VIROQUA, WIS. Unnil k Boarding. ■ MRS. L. C. RICE Is iow located In her new building, second floor, aud is prepared to furnish board by day or week. Lunches e rved : reasonable rates. Suppers fnrnDhe 1 tor balls and private par ties. Accommodations for 75 oouplee. Bakery supplies for sale. 5-lN BULK OR CAN. Ontario Steel Bridge Works,# WIS. -J&r H. TIMMERMAN, Proprietor. ——r^i/\UvU_jF r 'Acr'r Steel bridges, ffioof 7Jrusset, Steel XJubeo for Sub-Structures, Culverts, Arches, etc., of any diameter or length. FOR INFORMATION NEEDED. THE VERNON COUNTY CENSOR. VOL. XLIII.-NO. 9. Royal makes the food purr, wholesome aud delicious. Bill* s|j|j POWDER Absolutely Pure ROYAL BAKING POWDER CO.. NEW YORK. Another Uie Nailed. “I once,” said the Colonel, solemnly, ‘‘l once, and only once, had all thirteen trumps dealt me.” "Er—l suppose you were the dealer?” suggested the candid friend. “No, sir!” roared the Colonel; “no, sir; I was not the dealer!” “Then may I ask what happened to the trump which the dealer turned up?” And a terrible silence ensued. Rome wasn’t founded by Romeo; it was Juliet who was found dead by Romeo. W. R. LINDEMANN, H. LINDEMANN, President. Cashier. Bank of Viroqua. [State Bane—Capital sti,ocooo.] Lindemann & Rusk, Props. United States bonds. Inland and foreign exchange, gold, silver and nnourrent money bonght and *old. Certificate)* of deposit Issued payable on demand, to draw Interest If left six months. Business Honrs, 9 a. m. to 4 p. m, Collections and banking business promptly attended to and remlt'anots made on day of collection. 8. B. ilequey Dentist, VIROQUA, - WIA. Crown and Bridge Work. Ifatal u nil sther branches of Dental work In Ut* latest Improved manner. We guarantee work. Omci in Devlin'■ Block. F\ I barney, • 1). i>. s. • VIROQUA, WIS DOES FINE DENTAL WORK. Enc usting. Bridge, Crown and Gold P'nte Wo k. Special attention given to correcting Irregularities and preservation of the natural tect’i. Twenty four years practical experience aim study. Dental Parlors In Herrick Block. C. H. MINSHALL, /ItioTmey-at-LsLVO, Vlroqua, Wls. Lss.ii,Collections and Pensions, PATENTS. Office In secon 1 story Williams' Block "■St; IRA S. GRIFFIN. Attorney at Law. IRA S. GRIFFIN, LIFE, FIRE, AOllULji AND TORNADO INHUItANCG. General Collecting Agency. Loan* Negotiated - ~ , —vjbcqua, Wis. N- A-SVISUM, MERCHANT TAILOR, FINE CUSTOM WORK A SPECIALTY. l’erfeo t nt Guaranteed.* VIROQUA, WISCONSIN. VIROQUA STEAM I.AUNDRY>= Everythin? Hew, Complete and First-Class. The proprietors have spared nothing in work or expense to equip a plant suit able to the needs of the pnblio. Ev erything is under the direction of a manager with 12 years experience. Individual and Family Laun dry work Guaranteed. Remember the Steam Laundry and give it your patronage. All packages col lected and delivered. In same block with Opera House, \/IF?OC3LJA, WIS. N. Coe & Son, —PROPRIETORS OF — ! THE I ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ j NEW HARNESS i ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ |SHOP| If you want a good double harness for spring work, now is the time to place your order. We know we can supply yonr wants REPAIRING A SPECIALTY arui nr Cruiser Maine Destroyed in Havana Harbor. GREAT LOSS OF LIFE Two Hundred and Fifty=eight American Sailors Dead. SUSPECT THE SPANIARDS Belief That the Terrible Affair Was Not Accidental. WILD TALK OF WAR. Many Americans Would Wipe Span ish Off the Earth. Powerful United States Naval Vessel Sent by This Government to Cuban Waters Lies at the Bottom of the Bay a Charred aud Torn Hulk—Ca tastrophe Took Place at IO O'clock at Night, When All the Sailors Ex cept Those Detailed for Duty Were Sleeping—Explanation Which Seems to Best Fit Circumstances Is That a Torpedo W’ns Exploded Under the Ship. THE United States battleship Maine lies at the bottom of Havana har bor, a charred and torn hulk, and a tomb for over 250 of her crew. She was blown up about 10 o’clock Tuesday night by a terrific explosion said to have been an accident. The explosion occur red in the bow of the vessel nnd at an hour when the honest sailors had retired, while most of the officers had returned from the gayeties of the city. Whether the magazine of the ship was fired by ac cident or treachery, whether bomb or tor pedo placed beneath the bow sent the Maine to the bottom of Havana bay and its blue-jackets to their long home per haps no man shall ever know. All that sailors and officers of the fated craft could say was that there was a crash and a roar —that men were hurled headlong from their bunks upon the cabin floors, and that ont of the darkness, the grinding of burst ing timbers, the of the water rush- COMMANDER sigseee. ing hack to fill the great chasm torn by the explosion, came the screams of wound ed men and long red jets of flame. Ten minutes latrr and the Maine, all afire from stem to stern, began to settle in the water. Over the side went the sail ors, half clad or clad not at all, flinging themselves into the hay, still dnzed, bruis ed and bleeding. Out of the red murk and the horrible uproar could be heard the loud voices of officers, ordering and di recting, cool nnd plucky in the face of death, showing even in that hour of horror the grand courage and the steady disci pline that won at New Orleans and Mo bile—the grandeur of Farragut, the iron nerve of the Kearsarge’s crew upon the rock of Kouendor. There were no weak souls nor cowards there; the officers held place and power even as at a dress review, and to their coolness and their courage is due the fact that tlie panic did not re sult in even heavier loss of life than the explosion and the water caused combined. The cation mourns for those who per ished with the Mai '. Such a startling vision of sudden l ath has not for years been presented to the public mind. The tragedy appeals to nil American hearts. For all must feel that the lost stood ready at an instant call to make of their bodies a rampart between then country and their country's foes. There have been few such disasters in modern times. The catastro phes to the Royal George, to the Victoria, and, in Apia harbor, to the Nipsie, the Vandalia and th§ Trenton are among the few comparable to it. A dispatch from Havana said that the wildest excitement prevailed in the city. The wharves were crowded with thou sands of people. There was a rush and hurry and it is claimed that the Spaniards bent every energy to the saving of the doomed Americans. Out from the great black sides of the Spanish warships, says the dispatch, flew boat after boat and the Spanish sailors never pulled faster oars. O er the hay they skimmed, seizing here an arm extended from the water in the last struggle of the drowning man, grasp ing there a drenched blue-jacket, until the boats were full of rescued men and no more living bodies could be found upon the surface of the water. Tim shock of the explosion wrecked ev ery window in Havana. Capt. Gen. Blan co was among the first to realize what had happened, aud he spared no exertion to aid Capt. Sigsbee's men. Admiral Manterola and Gen. Solano proved wor thy coadjutors, and the Spanish sailors and soldiers alike did all that was in their powc'i. Capt. Sigsbee was not hurt, al though the “arlier dispatches represented him as severely wounded. The explosion took place directly under the quarters of the common sailors, missing the officers' cabin by many yards. The wounded sailors in hospital declar ed that they Mere utterly at a loss as to the cause of the explosion—that they were all asleep when the crash came, and that all they could do was to pick themselves np from the floor, grope their way amid falling timbers, smoke and flame and tr’-e to the water and the Spanish boats. Capt. Sigshee says the explosion oc curred iu the bow of the vessel. He re ceived a wound in the bead. Orders were given to the other officers to save them selves as best they could. The latter, who were literally thrown Yrom their blinks in their night clothing, gave the necessary orders with great self-posses sion and" bravery. The first theory was that there had been a preliminary explo sion in the Santa Barbara aat-gaxine, with powder or dynamite, below the water. Ad miral Manterola believes that the first explosion was of a grenade shell that ~as hurled over the navy yard. When the ex plosion occurred Captain Sigsbee was be low, but he rushed uu ou deck in his shirt VIROQUA, WISCONSIN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1898. TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY-EIGHT AMERICAN SAILORS DEAD. Terrible Destruction of the Magnificent Battleship Maine Was the Greatest Calamity that Has sleeves and gave orders. Efforts were at first made to save the vessel, but when Captain Sigshee realized the extent of the damage done and that many casualties had occurred he bent all his energies to assuring the safety of his men. The Secretary of the Navy at Washing ton received the following telegram from Capt. Sigshee: “Maine blown up in Ha vana harbor 9:40 and destroyed. Many wounded and doubtless more killed 3nd drowned. Wounded and others ou board Spanish man-of-war anu tVard fine steam er. Send lighthouse tenders from Key West for crew and few pieces of equip ment still above (water). No one had other clothes than those upon him. “Public opinion should be suspended un til further report. All officers believed to be saved. Jenkins aud Merritt not yet accounted for. Many Spanish officers, in cluding representatives of Gen. Blanco, now with me and express sympathy. “SIGSBEE.” The officers referred to in the above dis patch are: Lieut. Friend W. Jenkins and Assistant Engineer Darwin H. Merritt. From the wording of the dispatch the Navy Department thinks it is possible that they were ou shore at the time of the accident. CAPT. SIGSBEE. Career of the Navel Officer ii Com mand of the 111-I id Battleship. Captain Charles D. Sigsbee, who com manded the Maine, is one of the most pop ular and efficient officers in the American navy. He was graduated from the naval academy at Annapolis in IHG3. He was appointed from New York, his native State, in 1839, and in October of the rear of his graduation he was made an ensign and assigned to the steam sloop Monon gahehi. He was serving on the Brooklyn in 18(14 and was iu the battle of Mobile Bay. He took part in both attacks on Fort Fisher and the final assault on the same fort. From 18(15 to 18(17 he vas with the Asiatic squadron, being in the meanwhile promoted to master. In 18tl7 he was commissioned a lieutenant, and he has been steadily advanced through all the grades in the navy to his present posi tion. He has served at the naval acad emy, on the flag ships Severn and Wor cester at the North Atlantic station, on the Canandaigua, in the hydrographic of fice and the coast survey, on the Dale and the old Kearsarge at the European sta tion and in other places pertaining to the Navy Department, and in all he served well and faithfully. WE ARE READY TO STRIKE. Within 24 Hours Our Ships Could Blockade Every Cuban To.t, A New York dispatch says: Three Hag officers of the United States navy are watching events at Washington, Madrid and Havana with great interest. They are Bear Admiral Montgomery Sicard, commanding the North Atlantic squad ron; Rear Admiral John A. Howell, com manding the European squadron, and Capt. Colby M. Chester, senior officer n: command of the South Atlantic squadron. Each of these commanders received telegraphic ordei to hold his ship in read iness for active se - e nnd to it fully coaled and provisioned at all times There is an American flag floating over frown ing broadsides of guns wntilu easy strik ing distance of every port on the northern and southern coasts of Cuba. Within twenty-four hours from the dec laration of hostilities every port in Cuba nnd Porto Rico could he sealed by a block ade, while a fleet of our ponderous battle ships would be thundering away at the castles which guard Havana harbor. HOUSE PASSES RESOLUTIONS. Sympathy Expressed for the Families of the Dead. In the National House of Representa tives Wednesday Mr. Boutelle, chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs, offer ed the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted: “Resolved, That the House of Repre sentatives has learned with great sorrow of the calamity which has caused the de struction of the United States battle ship SPANISH 11ATTLE SHIP VIZCAYA. Maine and the appalling loss of more than 250 lives nnd the wonudiug of many oth ers of the g-illant defenders of our f 'g, and that the H.cse expresses its sympa thy for the injured aDd its sincere condo lences with the families of those who have lost their lives in the service of the na tion.” WAR SPIRIT AT WASHINSTON. Feeling That the Maine Disaster Re sulted from Spanish Treachery. Washington was aflame Wednesday with the war spirit. Everybody eagerly read the extra newspapers carrying latest, dispatches from Havana and the strained efforts of those high in official life to show the blowing up of the Maine to have been an accident only added to the impatience of the general public. Both houses of Congress assembled at noon under the most exciting conditions since war times. "From the advices received from Lee and from other sources in Havana,” said Secretary Long, “I am not Inclined to think it was an act of Spanish hostility. I have no explanation to make, hut the fact that Capt. Sigsbee has asked that pudi; opinion be sus££nded leads us to believe that those who are in a position to have the best information do not regard it ns a hostile acyf/ATbe dispatch from Consul General Ife e sal’s the cause of the explosion jg..y; 1. tEs investigated, but it also says that the Spanish have rendered all possible assistance. Nothing yet re ceived indicates that the disaster was the result of Spanish treachery, and we will proceed with care until we have further particulars.” Public opinion, however, refused to be suspended, and to say that the capital was excited over the report of the destruction of the Maine is hut to give but a meager and inadequate idea of the real condition of affairs Wednesday. It was the only topic of conversation. There were extra papers on the streets every fifteen min utes, people wildly shouted their opinions of the catastrophe, and on all hands were talk of war and demands for more infor mation. Treachery was the word on all lips. No one could he persuaded that the affair was not of Spanish origin. It was thought that some Spanish agent secured access to the vessel and exploded a gren ade near the ammunition magazine. If Spanish treachery did not destroy the magnificent battle ship Maine and mnr- 1 •• ..I - ;,ais. _ H'*U' - " ■ ■ *■- JL BIRD'S-EYE VIEW OF THE HARBOR OF HAVANA. der more than 250 American seamen, Spain must produce the proofs that the Maine was blown up by some other power than that of a Spanish torpedo. Wash ington advices on Thursday stated that officers of the navy did not believe that there could have been an accidental ex plosion on the Maine from spontaneous combustion or any other cause, when the battle ship was lying nt anchor without steam in her boilers, or cot.’ in her for ward hunkers, and with only p-ojectiles and such ammunition ns might be explod ed by concussion in her forward maga zine. While some officials nt the Navy- Department talked of accidental explo sions, there were few of practical expe rience who did not privately scout such theories, and said that to a ’wnee them means to condemn the modern war vessel. The corps of constructors at the Navy Department insisted that the explosive power must have come from the outside of the vessel, because it is their business to prevent ac idents of this kind occurring within the hell, and they claimed that it is impossible for the vessel to have been destroyed by an explosion in .' l e of the magazines. Chief Naval Constructor Hichborn said that as accidental explo sion was impossible, leaving the infer ence that he believed the explosion to have l>oen due to treacherous hands. The President and his cabinet tried to keep down the excitement until full re ports could be received from Captain Sigshee. They did not care to Imse their judgment on dispatches that must be pass ed upon by the Spanish censors in charge of the telegraph wires at Havana. They therefore followed the theory of an acci dental explosion because it would be very serious for the administration publicly to assume that the Maine could have been destroyed in any other way, nntil they had the full details of this affair from the commander of the ship. It is asserted by naval officers that the harbor of Havana is full of submarine torpedoes, which need only an electrical connection to make an explosion possible. The theory that the Maine was destroyed by a torpedo found ready believers. No body was willing to assert that the Span ish Government was primarily responsi ble for touching off a torpedo, but among the hotheads roaming the streets r f Ha vana in the state of excited feeling now existing there are many, it is oelieved, who would not hesitate to cor..mit such an outrage. It is not known the depth of the water in which the Maine sank, but it is known that the harbor of Havana is the vilest on the globe, and that the great mass of steel, weighing many thousand tons, oas probably sunk in the mud of that harbor, where divers e.m neither live nor work. The Maine at the time of the explosion was at anchor about 500 yards from the arsenal and some 200 yards from the floating dock. There is no precedent for an accident of this sort. No ship of war has ever been mysteriously blown up. Naval experts are unanimous in the opinion that an ac cident to the powder magazine could nev er result in a catastrophe of this sort, and they say the precautions taken on board a modern man-of-war make an accidental explosion in the ammunition a practical impossibility. COUNTRY GREATLY EXCITED. Seems a9 Though Providence Were Leading Two Countries to War. The agitation and suppressed excite ment that prevail throughout the coun try are shown by the telegrams of inquiry that have been received at the various departments and newspaper offices and by members of Congress as to the- proba ble cause of the explosion. And it is clear that, however it may be explained, this awful calamity must seriously in crease the tension between the United Static and Spain by provoking excitement, suspicion and irritation. The comments of many public men ns furnished in the press dispatches cannot be overlooked by the Spanish. And if the explosion is not satisfactorily explained it may he expect ed that similar opinions will be offered in Congress aud elsewhere in such form as to give great provocation. The feeling in Congress has reached a more acute stage than ever before. The Dupuy de Lome incident intensified the prejudice against Spain and developed a hostility that was never so hitter as to-day in ary quarter and is particularly pronounced among those who have l>een preserving an impartial judgment and a conservative attitude. The excitement from one inci dent does not subside before another even more aggravating occurs. And it seems as if Providence were leading both coun tries into war. Soldiers who would glory in capturing hospitals and murdering the patients, who wou'd machete poor pacifieos and women and children, would not hesitate to set off torpedoes under a warship loadid with sleeping sailors and marines whom they regarded as enemies. It would be perfect ly iu keeping with the warfare Spain has waged in Cuba. WAS A FLOATNG fORT. Maine One of the Best War Ships in the American Navy. The great explosion that rattled the foundations of the Cuban capital and struck terror to the heart of every human being iu Havana at the same time, in a few seconds obliterated nearly ?.".<XO,OOu worth of public property and rendered use less the great mass of steel that had been called the hattie ship Maine. She was a proud, strong ship, and she will go down into history alongside the Royal George, the Victoria and other men-of-war which were ivi[K*d out of existence with their crews under appalling circumstances. The Maine was one of the- best ships it the American navy. In an up and up fight she would have stood her own against any boat of her class afloat. She was not a cruiser. She was built to fight, nnd she was a floating fort. All the in genuity of modern naval architecture was brought to bear upon her construction. For six years the labor of men was put into her. Her keel was laid in the Brook lyn navy yard in October, 1888, She was launched on N v. 19. 1800. The construc tion of the Maine was authorized by an act of Cong .-ess passed Aug. 3. 1880. The art provided that the new boat should cost $2,500,000, and over that sum was expend*d upon her. In size the Maine was goodly shin. Her length over ail was 324 'eet; at load water line, 318 feet; her beam. 57 feet; he. draught, 2114 feet; her displacement, (5,648 tons. She was designed for a flag ship, hut the great changes in modern methods of naval con struction were the cause of her being fin ished up as a fighter. Something of her formidable power may be imagined when it is said that she could hurl i broadside of 1.322 pounds. This did not include the fire from her small arms. From her two turrets and forward guns she could hurl a fire of 1,224 pounds. The Maine was a twin screw, armored turret ship built in the belted style. She had a belt of armor to protect the vital parts of the fabric after the vulnerable psrts bad been beaten in with shot. This belt was s foot thick, taperipg to seven inches o* a point below the water line. The engines and boilers were protected by a curved deck of hardened steel. The barbette armor was a foot in thickness, and the armor plates about the turrets were eight inches thick. In armament the Maine was one of the most destructive vessels in any navy of the world. NOTABLE NAVAL DISASTERS. History of American Navy Records None So Destructive to Life. In the history of the American navy no disaster is recorded in which the loss of life was so great as that attending the CONSUL-GENERAL lee. loss of the Maine. The only recent par allel is the Samoan disaster in March, 1889, when four officers aud forty-six men of the Pacific coast squadron lost their lives in a hurricane which swept the harbor of Ap ! a and surrounding waters. In this hurricane the United States men of-war Trenton, Vandalia and Nipsie, and the German steamers Adler and Eher were wrecked. Ninety-six of the crews on the German vessels were lost. Going further back, the wreck of the United States sloop of war Huron off the coast of North Carolina Nov. 24, 1877, during a terrible gale, offers the most striking comparison. In this wreck 100 lives were lost and the vessel was broken to pieces on the shore. The only magazine explo sion of recent years on a United States war ship took place ou the Missouri while she w as lying at anchor at Gibraltar. The explosion caused great damage to the ves sel, but was fortunately attended with no loss of life. Other navies have suffered far more se verely than that of the United States dur ing the last quarter of a century. One of the most terrible disasters was the foun dering of the Spanish cruiser Reinn Re genta March 11, 1895. in the Atlantic ocean near the entra .ee to the Mediter ranean sea, w hen more than 400 persons were drowned. Great Britain suffered a loss equally appalling June 22, 1893, w hen the battle ship Victoria sunk after col liding with her sister ship Camperdown during maneuvers off the coast of Tripoli. The loss of life was twent.v-two officer** and 336 of the crew. Three years pre vious the British torpedo cruiser Serpent was wrecked in a storm off the northwest coast of Spain and all hut three of a crew of 170 officers and men were lost. An other wreck famous in naval history is that of the British war ship Doterel, which was destroyed by an explosion April 26, 1881, while lying at anchor in the Straits of Magellan. The explosion wiped the vessel off the face of the wat ers, leaving but seven alive out of 150 officers and sailors on hoard. This was supposed to have been a case of explosion In the ship’s magazine. MORKO CASTLE. Frowning Guardian of Havana's Gate way and Some of Its Uses. Morro Castle, the guardian of Ha vana's gateway, stands upon an imposing height at the east entrance of the harbor. Ha vana was founded eighteen years after Columbus visited the island, and the site of El Morro was the earliest location among fortifications. The castle, of solid masonry and stone parapets, looks secure against ail oncdtoiers. Less a fortress than a prison, however, is the Morro Cas tle of to-day. It has ramifications under the sea and chambers that have not been MORRO CASTLE. explored for a hundred years—at least by others than Spaniards. The castle has come to he used principally as a prison for political offenders, and its moldy, drainless cells are a horror to Cubans, who, of course, are the political offenders. It is the place of execution when political prisoners are not to be shot publicly. Flags Half-Masted. President McKinley has ordered the flags at all navy yards and on naval ves sels, at posts, army headquarters, and on all public buildings, at half-mast. ESTABLISHED 1555. COURT OF INQUIRY. NAVAL BOARD TO SEARCH OUT THE FACTS. Several Days May Elapse Before a Ver dict Is Reached, hut There WllVEe No Unnecessary Delay—lnvestigation to Be Rigid. Four Men to Decide. Ou Thursday the court of inquiry to in vestigate the cause of the Maine disaster was called to meet in Havana by Admiral Sicard. It is composed of the following officers: Capt. William T. Simpson, Capt. French E. Chadwick, Lieutenant Com mander William P. Potter and lieuten ant Commander Adolph Marix, judge ad vocate. The verdict of these four naval experts, writes a Washington correspond ent, may mean war with Spain. Under the direction of Admiral Sicard, says the correspondent, writing immedi ately after the calling of the court, the members will hear evidence J examine the debris. The splintered and twisted hulk is expected to tell its own story. The plates will be bent in or out. If all point outward, the disaster was caused from carelessness or probnbly treachery on board the ship; jf they point inward, then to Spanish treachery from without. Be neath the waters of the harbor the divers will turn their electric searchlights as they search the deep for the submerged debris of the once mighty battle ship. They will report speedily to their su periors. T -e will l>e no unnecessary de lay. Public opinion will not stand indefi nite suspense. The verdict of the court of inquiry will go to the Secretary of the Navy and to the President. There will be a cabinet meeting. There will be no splitting of hairs, no quibbling over offi cial etiquette. This matter is executive; it will not follow precedents; there are none to follow. TRIP TO DISASTER. When and Why the 111-Fated Maine Went to Havana. The Maine arrived in Havana and drop ped anchor in the inner harbor on the morning of Jan. 23. The trip had been hasty and the arrival of the boat so soon had not been expected by the residents of the Cuban capital, yet no demonstration was made and no unpleasant occurrences had to be recorded. It had been the In tention of President McKinley for a long time to send a war ship to Havana. Sev eral weeks were spent in preparation, al though the details of what was going on were not known to the public until the final orders were given. The Maine started from Dry Tortugas early in the morning of Jan. 23, and in a few hours reached her destination. As the big vessel steamed into the harbor through the narrow strait over which Morro Castle stands guard, friendly sa lutes were fired. The answer was at once returned by the guns of the forts and the Spanish flag ship Alphonso XIII., which was at anchor in the harbor. Almost be fore anchor could be dropped a small boat was alongside containing officers of the Spanish vessel. The visitors were met by the officer of the deck and at once con ducted to the captaiu’s cabin. Here in troductions were made in the most friend ly manner. When th Maine entered the harbor she anchored almost in the center, and quite close to the Spanish flag ship. The docks were lined with excited Spaniards and cu rious Cubans. They did not cause any trouble at the sight of the vessel so hated or so much despised, hut it was reported that some of the ignorant Spaniards went off in grumbling disgust when they saw their own boat hoist the enemy’s flag by way of courtesy. According to orders, Admiral Sieard established a line of small boats between Dry Tortugas and Havana In such a way that signals could be rap idly transmitted from the Maine to the fleet. This was done to make certain of speedy aid to the vessel on guard if it should happen that the use of the cable was made impossible. This was only one of the precautionary measures that were taken, not onl> to prevent trouble but to make sure of having a strong defensive position if unavoidable trouble should arise. AS VIEWED BY EDITORS. Opinion of Leading Metropolitan Pa pers Upon the Maine Disaster. Either a great crime has been commit ted or there has been an amazing piece of blundering carelessness.—Chicago Rec ord. If the Maine and 250 of her men have been lost through Spanish treachery let Spain take the consequences.—Cincinnati Enquirer. To nttempt to pass judgment on the Maine disaster with the present informa tion would be the height of folly.—De troit News. The first duty of the country with re gard to the terrible tragedy is to keep cool, that we may learn the facts. —Bos- ton Transcript. There is nothing in the reports to offset the fearful suspicion that the Maine was deliberately destroyed by a Spanish tor pedo.—Cincinnati Times-Star. No possible explanation can stifle the voice of the people calling for intervention in the interest of Cuba by our Govern ment. —Chicago Inter Ocean. The American people should decide whether playing at war is not too expen sive an amusement when it entails such a terrible cost. —Chicago Chronicle. The people believe the burden of proof rests upon Spain to demonstrate beyond cavil that the blowing up of the Maine was an accident. —Cincinnati Commercial Tribune. Many modern battle ships have been wrecked in a similar way and just as sud denly without any reasonable ground for suspicion of an attempt at wholesale mur der. —Chicago Staats Zeitung. All this occurred in the harbor of a “friendly nation.” Now let the Spaniards prove their friendship hy absolving them selves from all responsibility for the ca tastrophe.—St. Louis Rep iblie. There are scores of possible explana tions, each of which would seem more rea sonable than the base insinuations against the nation whose hospitality our repre sentatives were enjoying--Philadelphia Record. The disaster to one of the finest ships of our navy and the s:i iifice of so many brave lives, not to the formal defense of the country, but to a rtrange and horri ble fate, casts a gloom over the whole na tion.—St. Paul Glol>e, The American people are not so callous ed by prejudice a* to close their eyes and ears to the probability that the explosion was due to cause* with which the Span ish Government ccuid Lave no remote con nection. —Detroit Journal. Sober second thought will 'arry convic tion to all fair and open minded men that it is better to await the results of an in vestigation before jumping to the conclu sion that Spanish malice is at the bottom of it.—St. Paul Pioneer Press. It is not surprising that there should be many wild rumors afloat, for in the pres ent strained relations between this coun try end Spain there will be a natural ten dency to attribute the explosion to the Spaniards —if not to the agents of the Spanish Government. —Indianapolis News. As disastrous things as an annihilating explosion have happened to American bat tle ships through accident or mismanage ment, and the terrible incident in the Havant harbor may be but another of the long series of misfortunes that have be fallen our navy in the last few years.— Detroit Free Press. The very fac‘ that such an accident, if accident it was, could happen to an Amer ican man-of-war, and that it should shat ter the peace of mind of the public and do infinite damage to every commercial enterprise from the Atlantic to the Pa cific, is in itself sufficient warrant for in tervention.—Chicago Journal. Official City Paper. - STEAM ==--- Book anfl JoD Printing Honse gaatnc--." AliL Klims OF Job Printing HttMJTLY BXBCVreO In a Mast Satisfactory Manner. The public trial of Emile Zola, the great Freix-h novelist, and M. Perreux, mali nger of the Aurore newspaper, who have been prosecuted by the Government ns the result of a letter which the novelist caused to be published in the Aurore iu December last, strongly reflecting upon the high officials connected with the Drey fus case, has been Europe's latest sensa tional event. M. Zola was ••ewesented by M. Laborie, and M. Ferre.- was de fended by M. Cleuiencean. The trial was characterized from the outset with a determined effort on the part of the Was Department witnesses to maintain silence about the Dreyfus trial, the court sustaining them iu refusals to answer The first day these witnesses refused to appear. Later the principal ones were summoned, Gen. Mer cier, former minister of war. Major Es terhazy, whose recent acquittal of the Dreyfus charges caused Zola's letter, Oas simir-l’erler, former president of France, and other officers were summoned by tho court. Also Madame Dreyfus, wife of the imprisoned captain, was allowed to testify. But the court not only 'limited questions to the witnesses, but protected the officials and ex-officials when they refused to tell all they knew of the Drey •us trial. M. Laborie, Zola’s counsel, fought persistently against these restric tions, while the throngs of eople were allowed to make noisy demonstrations against Zola in and about the court, the friends of Zola being in a minority. The law of France Is not based on our common law, Oui law assumes that a man is innocent in til he is proven to he guilty, and therefore his so-called confes sions nre ruled out as doubtful evidence. Under the French law, when a man is charged with a crime, he is believed to be guilty until he proves his innocence. Asa consequence, the person indicted la bors under immense difficulties. Many of the witnesses whom Zola summoned on his behalf refused to t .y, on the pica of “professional secrecy.” As an inevit able result, Zola was hampered at every step. Zola tried very hard to get at some of the secrets of the Dreyfus trial, but the judge steadily ruled that inasmuch as Zola merely assailed the result of the secret trial of Count Ferdinand Ester hazy, he had no right to attempt to drag in n revision of the proceedings in the Dreyfus trial. This would be good law in this country. All these troubles In France seem to have originated from the fact that France permits and has permit ted for ages secret trials; and secret trials at the present day are considered at war with justice and fairness. It may he said that the Anglo-Saxon race abhors secret trials. In France secret trials have so long existed, and their verdicts are so re spected that some people ore surprised at the popular ferment over the secret trial of Dreyfus and Ksterlmzy. But France is gradually becoming a genuine republic, and French philosophers now hold that the time has come when France must ex tirpate the secret trial from her system of judicial procedure. RUSH TO THE KLONDIKE. Railroads Are Responsible for the Karly Kxoiluaof Argonaut**. The crowd surging through Seattle to the northern gold fields is cosmopolitan in the highest degree, writes n correspon dent. Every State in the Union is repre sented, and men are found from Europe, South Africa and Australia. The crowd is estimated at from-2,000 to 5,000 per sons. A conservative figure would fix the number of actual Klondikers at 2,000. Th< passenger lists of the steamhsip com pany show average departures of 700 a week. Up to the present the largest num ber to sail in one week from Seattle, ex clusive of other i*>rts on Puget Sound, lias been 845 for the last week in Janu ary. Transportation facilities are lielng in creased so that in March the Senttle- Alaska fleet will number forty-two steam ers and twenty-four sailing craft, with an aggregat tonnage of 53,470, and a ca pacity to carry 12,500 passengers per <rip. Counting two trips per month, the total number of passengers would lie 25,000, or at least 75,000 for the spring rush. Trans portation men are confident that between 80,000 and 100,00(1 will come before sum • ind that all will be taken carr if. FLAGS WITH FOUR STARS. Decorations of the American Wom an’s Suffrage Association. Susan B. Anthony called the thirtieth annual convention of the National Ameri can Woman's Suffrage Association to or der at the Columbia Theater in Washing ton. The decorations consisted mainly in the display of two handsome American flags, each with four stars, emblematic of the States which have granted tbe right of suftrage to women. Prior to the gen era! public session there was a meeting of the executive committee, which was more fully attended than on any previous oc casion. In Miss Anthony's address she spoke of the success so far attained in behali of woman suffrage and u ged a!.' those Identi fied in the movement to stand together for still lietter results. The grievances which the women had against, their com mon enemy— man—to-day were os great and as many as the early colonists had against King George. Following the op ening address the convention settled down to routine business, inducing roll calls, announcements of committees, etc. RELIEF MOVEMENT CHECKED, Canada Refuses to Per.uit Our Troops to Cross Boundary. The Canadian Government has refused to permit tbe United States troops to cross the lioundary line of British Colom bia, and the efforts of the War Itepart ment to relieve the suffering miners in Alaska has in consequence of this refusal received a temporary check. There has been considerable interesting correspon dence ou the subject exchanged between the Assitaut Secretary of War and the British ambassador. The War Depart ment officials have l>een surprised by the attitude of the Dominion authorities. They had been led to understand that per mission for a body of troops sufficient to form a safe escort for the relief party would be readily allowed to enter the British territory. A bill is pending in Congress to extend the criminal and civil laws of the Unit ed States to the Indian territory. It al lots in severalty the lands of the five civ ilized trilies. and adjusts pending disputes between them. The bill abolishes all In dian courts, and requires the President’s approval of all acts passed by the Indian Legislatures. Virginia contained a fifth of the whole population of the couutry.