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Vernon County censor. [volume] (Viroqua, Wis.) 1865-1955, December 07, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85040451/1898-12-07/ed-1/seq-1/

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Official County Paper.
ADVERTISING RATES.
Tutu. ” *REPE I
1 week |l.oo|sl. s* f*.oo s•.ss |.fe
J week 5........ I.SOi 9 96 S.7S ITS S.O D.g
(weeks 8.00 8.00 * 00 .*) 10.00 U.Sg
1 month I N B.TS S.BS .lfin.A 1S
Smiths IN IN S.OOU.TBIT.OB M.M
(months 4.M 8.8811 WIS.Wa.M 53
I months B.Ba 8.0018.00 80.00 95.01 SB.BB
1 rear |lQ.OO|M.OO|li.Oo|Bß.Mla.q 53
Business eards, not suoeedtng five “ L gaga
Legal advertisements at legal rates. A/vurto*-
amts Inserted with no ■ peal flag M wRI be
pabllsheo until ordered out, m3 shamed fan u.
eordlngly. Ail bills payable %u-/twly,
OFFICIAL PI RECTORY.
Countj Officers.
County Judge W. OsivM
Sheriff J. w. WBiTl
County Clerk Wm. Bbandoi*
County Treasurer A. T. Fortuk
Register of Deed* Wm. Hutchison
Clerk of the Court H. 0. Gosling
District Attorney IRA 8. Grikfin
bounty Superintendent Howard Mill**
luryeyor W. H. Knowkb
Coroner G. P. Aiken
Chairman Board of Snpr.rTlsori At.EX Hill
Poor Commissioner E. Tilton
iuperlntsndent Insane Asylum. ..F. Wilkins
CITY OIUCEHH,
"X ...Aug.Smith
rrensurer A. C. Cobb
Police Jurtloe J. Henry Benu -il
fustlces {• K- 8 MoMUba-
Marsha l Geo. \V. Stlmbl*
Constable* !• L Bui e
SOCIETY DIRECTORY
rA BELLE LODGE A. F. * A. M. NO. 4.
J Meets the First and Third Wednesdays of
taoh month. Hall In Williams’ block.
VTROQUA LODGE, 1.0 0. F.—MEETS EY-
T ery Saturday night in Williams’ block.
■\riBOQUA ENCAMPMENT, I. O. O. F., NO.
T SO. Meets every Monday even ng.
A NCIENT ORDER OF UNITED WORKMEN
aa - -First and third Tuesdays of eaoh month.
ORDER OF CHOSEN FRIENDS-MEETS
second and fourth Saturdays of each mth.
AMERICAN LEGION OF HONOR.—MEETS
second and fourtb Tuesdays of eaoh m’th.
Alex lowrie post, q. a. h.-meets
first Monday evening of each month. In
W. R. C. hall.
Regina lodge, daughters of re
bekati. No. 28, meets first and thl.d Mon
lay ol each month In I. O. O. K. hall.
Modern woodmen of America, no.
1091, meets Friday night of each week.
VIBOQUA CHAPTER, O. E. S., MEETS
second Tuesday of each month In Masoulo
half
\fIROQUA CHAPTER, R A. M., MEETS
every second and fourth Wednesday of
each month.
XAf OMAN'S Rl 1.. •’ <■- -i.—MEETS 0*
vv alternst. -
\\r C. T. U.—MEETS ALTERNATE TUE.H
vv. days at 3p. in.
10. G. T. LODGE.-MEETS ON EVERT
• Wednesday evening, in Alliance hall.
'I'PE VIROQUA COUNCIL, NO. 129, A. P. A .
1 meets at Alliance hll every Tuesday night
7:30 o’clock.
VIIROQUA K. O. T. M.-MEETS ON EVERY
Monday evening In Alliance hall, at 7:30.
•= . - , ■ -=a
CHURCH DIHKCTOHT.
SufETHODIST EPISCOPAL.-SERVICESAI
JLvl 10:8o a. ra. and 7:30 p m. each Sabbath.
Sunday school at 12 m. Prayer meetings on
Thursday evenings.
/CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH-SERVICES
V at lo :8o a. m and 7:30 p. m. each Sabbath.
Sunday school at 12 in.
/CHURCH OF CHRIST.—PREACHING EV
\_v sty Sunday at )0::io a. m. and In tba even
ing Sunday schred o< V :io. in.
TVTOKWEGIAN LUTHERAN CHURCH.-
IC Services every Sunday at 8 o’clock.
BUTSUNIBSscS CARDS.
S" P. PROCTOR, ATTORNEY AND
.. Couu-elor, Vtroqus, Wls. Will praotlcs
all Courts of the state. Special JMkecttlgn
given to Colkc' 1 ns.
CILBAUGH A LARSON, ATTORNEfI.
i pec i a! a tfiven to dolleotion* Of*
|3A Id Block, second floor, Mato
Street, Viroqua, Win.
Jaokhon KILE auph. Johw 8. t.ambon.
WM. A. COTT, M D , PHYSICIAN AND
Burgeon, Viroqua, WiS.
Office near residence. 1 bl'k E. Lynne'* hotel.
A Ri MIN9HALL, U. 0„ PHYSICIAN
A. an i Hurgon. A graduate of Keokuk
ilrdloml College, one of the beet of Its ktua in
the United Htutss. All oalls promptly attend
ed, day or night. Latest and mod approved
methods of -rea'menr use >.
Offloe In Oasson'* Hi". ViaoqnA, Wl.
U E. MOBLEY, M. D. t PHYSICIAN
J? . and Surgeon, Viroqua, Wls. Offloe over
Craig & Co’s drug store, on west side of ball,
ill oalls attended promptly day or night.
M. SITHF.NSON. CHAS. H. TUOWBRIDOB
CUBENJON A TROWBBIDCE,
I'll YBICIANS AND SURGEONS, VirOqUA, Wls
Calls in city or country promptly attended
Office over Craig & Co's drug store.
JOHN DAWSON A CO.- GEAKRAI
Insurance ami Ileal Estate Agency, Viroqua.
Office in Williams block, second floor.
V ERNON CO. COURT -REOULAB
terms < n tho first Tuesday of each
month. attbo<ourt bouse from 9 to 12a. m.
and 1 30 to 6p. m. 0.0. MAHONEY,
County Judge.
I. J. Buttle, m.d. W. M. Tbowbbidob, w®.
DRS. SOTTLE A TROWBRIDGE.
Dr. Trowbridge, lats resident physlolan and
•nrgeon Oook oounty hospital, Chicago.
• ALL OALLS ATTENDED PROMPTLY •
Day or night, from offloe.
GEO. E. CHAHBERS,
Crown and Urldge Work, Metal Plate*
Sod all other bran bee of dental work done In
the latest and moat Impri red manner. Satis
faction guaranteed. Office In Towner's block
VIROQUA, • - WIS.
J. H. Chase, 63ft
DENTIST.
Office over Chandler’s I Vlroqut
ator * i Wl.
C. W. Graves. D. O. Mahonby
CRAVES A MAHONEY.
Attorneys & Counsellors at Law
Practice In all Conrt9. Money l.oaned
on Heal Estate. Collections Promp
tly Attended to.
Office over Bank of Viroqua.
VIROQUA, WIB.
WE CAN DO
anything In the line of
PRINTING,^
PLAIN or FANCY
PRINTING....
EXECUTED
Restaurant i Boarding.
3VIRB. L. C. RICE
fa now looated In her new building, second
loor, and is prepared to fnrntsh board by day
or week. Lunches • rved at. reasonable rm’ea.
tappers fnrnl*be>l tor balls and private par
ties. Accommodation* for 75 couples. Bakery
sni plies for sale.
*"IN BULK OR OAH.
Ontario Steel Bridge Works, i
WIS. H. TIMMERMAN, Proprietor.

Stoei S&ridges, ffloof TJrussea, Steel Tjubea for
Sub-Structures, Culverts, Arches, etc., of any diameter or length.
WWRITE F=“CDFSt INFORMATION NEEDED.
THE VERNON COUNTY CENSOR
VOL. XLIII.—NO. 50.
Scrofula to
Consumption.
Any one predisposed to Scrofula can
never be healthy and vigorous. This
taint in the blood naturally drifts into
Consumption. Being such a deep-seated
blood disease, Swift’s Specific is the
only known cure for Scrofula, because
it is the only remedy which can reach
the disease.
Scrofula apDeared on the head of my little
grandchild when only 18 months old. Shortly
after breaking out It spread rapidly all over
her body. The scabs on the sores would peel
off on the slightest touch, and the odor that
would arise made the at
biosphere of the room
sickening and unbearable.
The disease next attacked
the eyes, and we feared she jm
would lose h . sight. Em- jm
inent physicians from the M W \
surrounding country were Wf <-X j
consulted, but could do jH,/
nothing to relieve the lit- /-
tis innocent, and gave it
as their opinion that the
case was hopeless and 1 m
possible to save the child’s eyesight. It waa
then that we decided to try Swift’s Specific.
That medicine at once made a speedy and com
nlete cure. She is now a young lady, and has
never had a sign of the disease to return.
Mbs. Ruth Bebkei.ky,
Salina, Kan.
Scrofula is an obstinate blood disease,
and is beyond the reach of the average
blood medicine. Swift’s Specific
S.S.S. r fh. Blood
is the only remedy equal to such deen
seated diseases; it goes down to the
very foundation and forces out every
taint. It is purely vegetable, and is
the only blood remedy guaranteed to
contain no mercury, potash or other
mineral substance whatever.
Books mailed free by Swift Specific
Company, Atlanta, Georgia.
rW. F. LINDEMANN, H. LINDEMANN,
President. Cashier.
| Bank of Viroqua.
♦ [Stats Bank—Capital $60,0c0,00.j
♦ Lindemann & Rusk, Props.
* United Btatee bonds. Inland and forehra
I exchange, gold, silver and nnoarrent money
* bought and sold. Certificates ot deposit
tuned payable on demand, to draw lntereat
It left elx months.
Business Honrs, 9 a. m. io 4 p. m.
Collections and banking hualneee promptly
attended to and remtt'anoea made
on day ot collection.
B. Meque,
Eentistj
VIROQUA, - WI.
Crown and Bridge Work- Metal and aQ
ttber hranehes at Dental work In the latest
Improved manner. We guarantee wsrk.
Omon m Divlxx’s Bloom.
F~. I BARNEY,
• i>. r>. s. •
m VIROQUA, Wlf.
BBSRdOES FIHE DEHTiL WORK.
Eno usttsg. Bridge, Crown and Gold Plate
Work. Special attention given to correcting
Irregularities and preservation of the natural
teeth. Twenty-four years practical experience
an-1 study. Dental Parlors In Herrick Block.
C. Hr MINSHALL,
flttcrney-SLI-IjSLUJ,
Viroqua, Wla.
Laans,Collections and l*anaiona,
PATENTS.
office In second story Williams’ Block "'BJ
IRA S. GP-TFFIN, Attorney at Law.
IRA S. GRIFFIN,
LIFE, FIRE, AaiULiU Alii) TORHADO
INSUHANC’H.
Seneca! Collecting Agency. Loans Negotiate*.
—VnoquA, Wia.
ra. a.svisum,
MERCHANT TAILOR,
FINH CUSTOM WOBX 4 SPKOIALTT.
•Perfect Fit: Guaranteed.*
VIROQUA, WIS CON SIR.
Sliirl Waists?
Do we do this class of work?
Of course we do! Do we
pull buttons off ar.d rip them
in any way? We guess not /
Family Washings?
Why, yes! we do that kind
of work, and we do it right,
too. We never have a kick—
at us.
Just Try Us!
VIROQUA STEAM
LAUNDRY a
N. Coe & Son,
—PROPRIETORS OF—
iTHEf
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦<
I NEW HARNESS II
ISHGP!
If yon want a good double harness
for spring work, now is the time to place
your ord'r. We know we can supply
your wauta
REPAIRING fl SPECIALTY
PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE
To the Senate and House of Representa
tives:
Notwithstanding the added burdens ren
dered necessary by the war, our people re
joice in a very satisfactory and steadily
increasing degree of prosperity evidenced
by the largest volume of business ever re
corded. Manufacture hnx been produc
tive, agricultural pursuits have yielded
abundant returns, labor in the fields of
industry is better rewarded, revenue legis
lation passed by the present Congress has
increased the ‘reasury’s receipts to the
amount estimated by its authors, the
finances of the Government have been
successfully administered, and its credit
advanced to the first rank, while it has
been maintained at the world’s highest
standard. Military service under a com
mon flag and for a righteous cause has
strengthened the national spirit and serv
ed to cement more closely than ever the
fraternal bonds between every section of
the country. A review of the relations of
the United States to other power*, always
appropriate, is this year of primary impor
tance, in view of the momentous issues
which have arisen, demanding in one in
stance the ultimate determination by arms
and involving far-reaching consequences
which will require the earnest attention of
the Congress.
Failure of Autonomy in Cuba.
In my last annual message very full con
sideration was given to the question of the
duty of the Government of the United
States toward Spain and the Cuban insur
rection as being by far the most important
problem with which we were then called
upon to deal. I concluded it was honestly
due to our friendly relations with Spain
that she should be given a reasonable
chance to realize her expectations of re
form to which she had become irrevopably
committed.
The ensuing month brought little sign of
real progress toward the pacification of
Cuba by the autonomous administration.
No tangible relief was afforded the vast
numbers of unhappy reconcentrados, and
by the end of December the mortality
among them had frightfully increased.
With the acquiescence of the Spanish au
thorities a F-heme was adopted for relief
by charitable contributions raised in this
country. Thousands of lives were thus
saved, but the war continued on the old
footing without comprehensive plan. No
alternative save physical exhaustion of
either combatant and therewithal the
practical ruin of the island lay in sight.
Destruction of the Maine.
At this juncture, on the 15th of Febru
ary last, occurred the destruction of the
battleship Maine, while rightfully lying
in the harbor of Havana—a catastrophe,
the suspicious nature and horror of which
stirred the nation’s heart profoundly. Yet
the instinct of jnctice prevailed and the
nation anxiously awaited the result of the
searching investigation at once set on foot.
The finding of the naval board of inquiry
established that the origin of the explosion
was external by a submarine mine, and
only halted through lack of positive testi
mony to fix the responsibility of its author
ship.
All these things carried conviction to
the most thoughtful, even before the find
ings of the naval court, that a crisis in
our relations with Spain and toward Cuba
was at hand. So strong was this belief
that it needed but a brief executive sug
gestion to the Congress to receive immedi
ate answer to the duty of making instant
provision for the possible and perhaps
speedily probable emergency of war. The
details of the hurried preparation for the
dreaded contingency is told In the reports
of the Secretaries of War and of the
Navy. It is sufficient to say that the out
break of war, when it did come, found
onr nation not unprepared to meet the
conflict.
Negotiations with Spain,
Still, animated by the hope of a peaceful
solution and obeying the dictates of duty,
no effort was relaxed to brinr ahout a
speedy ending of the Cuban struggle. Ne
gotiations to this object continued active
ly with the Government of Spain, looking
to the immediate conclusion of a six
months’ armistice in Cuba, with a view to
effect the recognition of her people’s right
to independence. Negotiations con' inued
for some little time ac Madrid, resulting
in offers by the Spanish Government
which could not bnt be regarded as inade
quate. Grieved and disappointed at this
barren outcome of my sincere endeavors
to reach a practical solution, I felt it my
duty to remit the whole question to the
Congress. In the message of April 11,
1898, I reviewed the alternative course of
action which I had proposed, concluding
that the only one consonant with interna
tional policy and compatible with our firm
set historical traditions was intervention
as a neutral to stop the war and check the
hopeless sacrifice of life.
In view of ail this, the Congress was
asked to authorize and empower the Pres
ident to take measures to secure a full
and final termination of hostilities be
tween Spain and the people of Cuba, and
to secure in the Island the establishment
of a stable government.
Congress Declares War,
The response of the Congress, after
nine days of earnest deliberation, during
which the almost unanimous sentiment of
your body was developed on every point
save as to the expediency of coupling the
proposed action with a formal recogni
tion of the Republic of Cuba as the true
and lawful government of that island—
a proposition which failed of adoption—
the Congress, after conference, April 19,
by a vote of 42 to 35 in the Senate and 311
to 6 in the House of Representatives,
passed the memorable joint resolution, de
claring war.
This resolution was approved by the
executive on the next day, April 20. A
copy was at once communicated to the
Spanish minister at this capital, who
forthwith announced that his-continuance
In Washington had thereby become impos
sible, and asked for his passports, which
were given him. He thereupon withdrew
from Washington, leaving the protection
of Spanish interests in the United States
to the French ambassador and the Aus
tro-Hungarian minister. Simultaneously
with its communication to the Spanish
minister, Gen. Woodford, the American
minister at Madrid, was telegraphed con
firmation of ti.e text of the joint resolu
tion and directed to communicate it to
the Government of Spain, with the formal
demand that it at once relinquish its au
thority and government in the Island of
Cuba and withdraw its forces therefrom,
coupling this demand with announcements
of the intentions of this Government as to
the future of the island, in conformity
with the fourth clause of the resolution,
and giving Spain until noon of April 23
to reply.
The demand, although, as above shown,
officially made known to the Spanish en
voy here, was not delivered at Madrid.
After the instruction reached Gen. Wood
ford on the morning of April 21, bnt be
fore he could present it. the Spanish min
is‘er of state notified him that upon the
President's approval of the joint resolu
tion the Madrid Government, regarding
the act as “equivalent to an evident dec
laration of war,” had ordered its minis
ter in Washington to withdraw, thereby
breaking off diplomatic relations between
the two countries, and ceasing all official
communication between their respective
representatives. Gen. Woodford there
upon demanded his passports and quitted
Madrid the same day.
Spain having thus denied the demand
of the United States and initiated that
complete form of rupture of relations
which attends a state of war, the execu
tive powers authorized by the resolution
were at once used by me to meet the en
larged contingency of actual war between
Spain and the United States. April 22 I
proclaimed a blockade of the northern
coast of Cuba, and on the 23*1 I called for
volunteers to execute the purpose of the
reeolution. By my message of April 25
tk# Congress waa informed of the situs
VIROQUA, WISCONSIN, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 7, 1898.
tion, and I recommended formal declara
tion of the existence of a state of war be
tween the United States and Spain. The
Congress accordingly voted on the same
day that act approved April 25, 1898, de
claring the existence of such war, from
and including the 21st day of April, and
re-enacted the provision of the resolution
of April 20. directing the President to use
all the arpteef forces of the nation to carry
that act into effect.
Due notification of the existence of war
as aforesaid was given April 25 by tele
graph to all the governments with which
the United States maintains relations.
In further fulfillment of international
duty I issued April 20 a proclamation an
nouncing tl e treatment proposed to he
accorded to vessels and their cargoes us
to blockade, contraband, the exercise of
the right of subjects and the immunity
of neutral flags and neutral goods under
enemy’s flag. A similar proclamation
was made by the Spanish Government.
Fr- partitions for the War.
Our country thus after an interval of
half a century of peace with all nations
found itself engaged in deadly conflict
with a foreign enemy. Every nerve was
strained to meet the emergency. The
response to the initial call for 125,000 vol
unteers was instant and complete, ns was
also the result of the second call of May
25 for 75,000 additional volunteers. The
ranki of the regular army were increas
ed to the limits provided by the act of
April 26,_ The enlisted force of the navy
on the 15th of August, when it reached
its maximum, numbered 24,123 men and
apprentices. One hundred and three ves
sels were added to the navy by purchase,
one was presented to the Government,
one leased and the four vessels of the In
ternational Navigation Company—the St.
Paul, St. Louis, New York and Paris—
were chartered. In addition to these the
revenue cutters and lighthouse tenders
were turned over to the Navy Depart
ment and became temporarily n tv>.rl of
the auxiliary navy.
Much alarm was felt along our entire
Atlantic seaboard lest some attack might
b* made by the enemy. Every precau
tion was taken to prevent possible injury
to our great cities lying along the coast.
The auxiliary navy patrolled the coast
and performed the duty of a second arm
of defense. Under the direction of the
chief of engineers submarine mines were
plaeed at the most exposed points. The
aggregate number of mines placed was
1,535, at the principal harbors from
Maine to California.
The national defense $50,000,000 fund
was expended in large part by the army
and navy, and the objects for which it
was used are fully shown in the reports
of the several secretaries. This fund, be
ing inadequate to the requirements of
equipment and for the conduct of the
war, the patrk usm of the Congress pro
vided the means in the war revenue act
of June 13 by authorizing a 3 per cent,
popular loan not to exret i $400,000,000,
and by levying additional imposts and
taxes.
Salient Features of the War.
It is not within the province of this
message to narrate the history of the ex
traordinary war that followed the Span
ish declaration of April 21, but a brief
recital of its more salient features is ap
firopriate. The first encounter of the war
n point of date took place April 27, when
a detachment of the blockading squadron
made a reconnaissance in force at Matan
zas, shelled the harbor and forts and de
molished several new works in construc
tion.
The next engagement was destined to
mark a memorable epoch in maritime
warfare. The Pacific fleet, under Com
modore George Dewey, had lain for some
weeks at Hong Kong. Upon the colonial
proclamation of neutrality being issued
and the customary twenty-four hours' no
tice being given, it repaired to Mirs Bay,
near Hong Kong, whence it proceeded
to the Philippine Islands under role
fraphed orders to capture or destroy the
ormidable Spanish fleet then assembled
at Manila. At daybreak on the Ist of
May the American force entered Manila
Bay, and after a few hours’ engagement
effectisl the total destruction of the Span
ish fleet, consisting of ten warships and
a transport, besides capturing the naval
station and forts at Cavite, thus annihil
ating the Spanish naval power in the Pa
cific Ocean and completely controlling the
Bay of Manila, with the ability to take
the city at will. Not a life was lost on
our ships, the wounded only numbering
seven, while not a vessel was materially
injured.
The effect of this remarkable victory
upon the spirit of our people and upon
the fortunes of the war was instant. A
prestige of invincibility thereby attached
to our arms, which continued throughout
the struggle. Re-enforcements were hur
ried to Manila under the command of
Major General Merritt and firmly estab
lished within sight of the capital, which
lay helpless before our guns.
Only reluctance to cause needless loss
of life and property prevented the early
storming and capture of the city, and
therewiththeabsolute military occupancy
of the whole group. The insurgents mean
while had resumed the active hostilities
suspended by the uncompleted truce of
December, 1897. Their forces invested
Manila from the northern and eastern
side, but were constrained by Admiral
Dewey and General Merritt from at
tempting an assault. It ws fitting that
whatever was to he done in the way of
decisive operations in that quarter should
he accomplished by the strong arm of
the United States alone.
Following the comprehensive scheme of
general attack, powerful forces were as
sembled at various points on our coast
to invade Culm and Porto Rico. Mean
while naval demonstrations were made
at several exposed points. May 11 the
cruiser Wilmington and torpedo boat
Winslow were unsuccessful in nil attempt
to silence the batteries at Cardenas and
Matanzas, Worth, Bagle.v and four sea
men falling.
Meanwhile the Spanish naval prepara
tions had been pushed with great vigor.
A powerful squadron under Admiral Cer
vera, which had assembled at the Cape
Verde Islands before the outbreak of
hostilities, had crossed the ocean, and by
its erratic movements in the Caribbean
Sea delayed our military operations whi'e
baffling the pursuit of our fleets. N t
until Admiral Ccrvera took refuge in tne
harbor of Santiago de Cuba about May
9 was it practicable to plan a systematic
military attack upon the Antillean pos
sessions of Spain.
Severnl demonstrations occurred on the
coast of Cuba and Porto Rico in prepara
tion for the larger event. On May 13 the
North Atlanie squadron shelled San Junn
de Porto Rico. On May 30 Commodore
Schley’s squadron bombarded the forts
guarding the month of Santiago harbor.
Neither attack had any material result.
Hobson's Darina Act,
The next act in the war thrilled not
alone the hearts of onr countrymen, but
the world, by its exceptional heroism. On
the night of June 3 Lieutenant Hobson,
aided by seven devoted volunteers, block
ed the narrow outlet from Santiago har
bor by sinking the collier Merrimae in
the channel, under a fierce fire from the
shore batteries, escaping wit . their lives
as by a tnirncle, but falling Into the
hands of the Spaniards. They were sub
sequently exchanged July 7.
By Juue 7 the cutting of the last Cuban
cable isolated the island. Thereafter the
invasion was vigorously prosecuted. On
June 10. under a heavy protecting fire, a
landing of GO marines from the Oregon.
Marblehead and Yankee, was effected in
Guantanamo Bay. where it had lHH'n de
termined to establish a naval station.
This important and esesntial port was
taken from the enemy after severe fight
ing by the marines, who were the first or
ganized force of the United Stales to
land in Cuba. The position so won was
held despite desperate ateir.pts tc dis- ;
lodge our forces. By June 1, additional
forces were landed and strongly intrench- j
ed. On June 22. the advance of the in
vading army tinder Major General Shaft- j
er landed at Baiquiri. about fifteen miies
east of Santiago. This was accomplished
under great difficulties, hut with marvel
ous dispatch. On June 23 the movement
against Santiago was begun. On the 24th
the first serious engagement took place,
in which the First and Tenth Cavalry
and the First United States ’l olunteer
Cavalry, General Young's brigade of
General Wheeler's division, participated,
losing heavily. By nightfall, however,
ground within five miles of Santiago was
won. The advantage was steadily in
creased. On Joly 1 a severe battle took
place, our forces gaining the outwork of
Santiago: on the 2d El Caney and ban
Juan were taken after a desperate
charge, and the investment of the city
waa completed. The navy co-operated by
shelling the town and coast forts.
On tie day following this brilliant
achievement of our land forces, July 3,
occurred the decisive naval combat of the
war. The Spanish fleet, attempting to
leave the harbor, was met by the Ameri
can squadron, under command of Com
modore Sampson. In less than three
hours all the Spanish ships were destroy
too two torpedo boats being sunk arid
the Maria Teresa, Almirante Oquendo,
\ izcaya and Cristobal Colon driven
ashore. The Spanish admiral and over
thirteen hundred men wore taken prison
ers, while the enemy’s loss of life was de
plorably lurge, some GOO perishing. On
our side hut one man was killed, on the
Brooklyn, and one man seriously wound
ed. Although our ships were apeatedly
struck, not one was seriously injured.
\\ here all so conspicuously distinguish
ed themselves, from the commanders to
the gunners and the unnamed heroes in
the boiler-rooms, each and til contribut
ing toward the achievement of this as
tounding victory, for which neither an
cient nor modern history affords a par
allel in the completeness of the event and
the marvelous disproportion of casualties,
it would l>e invidious ;o single out any for
especial honor. Deserved promotion has
rewarded the more conspicuous actors —
the nation’s profoundest gratitude is due
to all of those brave men Who by their
skill and devotion in a few short hours
crushed the sea power of Spain and
wrought a triumph whose decisiveness
and far-reaching consequences eatv
scarcely he measured. Nor can w be un
mindful of the achievements of o'er build
ers, mechanics and artisans for their skill
in the construction of our warships.
With the catastrophe of Santiago
Spain’s effort upon the ocean virtually
ceased. A spasmodic effort toward the
end of June to send her Mediterranean
fleet under Admiral Camara t"'r<*heve
Manila was abandoned, the expedition
being recalled after it had passed through
the Suez Canal.
Capitulation of Santiago.
The capitulation of Santiago followed.
The city was closely besieged by land,
while the entrance of our ships into the
harbor cut off all relief on that side.
After a truce to allow of the removal of
non-combatants, protracted negotiations
continued from July 3 until July 15,
when, under menace of immediate as
sault. the preliminaries of su-.ender were
agreed upon. On the 17th General Shat
ter occupied the city. The capitulation
embraced the entire eastern end of Cuba.
The number of Spanish soldiers surren
dered was 22,000, all of whom were sub
sequently conveyed to Spain at the
charge of the United States. The story
of this successful campaign is told in the
rcjsirt of the Secretary of War, which
will he laid before you.
The individual valor of officers and sol
diers was never more strikingly shown
than in the several engagements leading
to the surrender of Santiago, while the
prompt movements and successive victor
ies won instant and universal applause.
To those who gained this complete tri
umph, which established the ascendency
of the United States upon land, as the
fight off Santiago had fixed our suprem
acy on the seas, the earnest and lasting
gratitude of the nation is unsparingly
due. Nor should we alone remember the
gallantry of the living; the dead claim
our tears, and our looses by battle and
disease must cloud any exultation at the
result and teach us to weigh the awful
cost of war, however rightful the cause
or signal the victory.
Occupation of Porto Rico.
With the fall of Santiago, the occupa
tion of Porto Rice became the next strat
egic necessity. General Miles had pre
viously been assigned to organize an ex
pedition for that purpose. Fortunately,
ne was already at Santiago, where he had
arrived the 11th of July, with re-enforce
ments for General Shafter’s army. With
these troops, consisting of 3,415 infantry
and artillery, two companies of engineers
and one company of the signal corps,
General Miles left Guantanamo J;ily 21,
having nine transports convoyed by the
fleet under Captain Higginson, with the
Massachusetts (flagship), Dixie. Glouces
ter, Columbia and Yale, the two latter
carrying troops. The expedition landed
at Guanica July 25, which port was en
tered with little opposition. The Major
General commanding was subsequently
re-enforced by General SchwanrA bri
gade of the Third Army Corps, by Gener
al Wilson, with a pert of •}* t
also by General Brooke, with a part of
his corps, numbering in all 10,973 officers
and men.
July 27 he entered Ponce, one of the
mo.it important ports of the island, from
which he thereafter directed operations
for the capture of the island.
With the exception of encounters with
the enemy at Guayama, Hermigueres,
Coamo and Vauco, and an attack on a
force landed at Capw San Juan, there
was no serious resistance. The campaign
was prosecuted with great vigor, and by
the 12th of August much of the island
was in our possession, and the acquisition
of the remainder was only a matter of a
short time.
The last scenr of the war was enacted
at Manila, its s:arting place. Aug. 15,
after a brief assault upon the works by
the land forces, in which the squadron
assisted, the capital surrendered uncon
ditionally. The casualties were compara
tively few. By this conquest of the Phil
ippine Islands, virtually accomplished
when the Spanish capacity for resistance
was destroyed by Admiral Dewey’s vic
tory of the Ist of May, victory was for
mally sealed. To Genera) Merritt, his of
ficers and men, for their uncomplaining
and devoted services, for their gallantry
in action, the nation is sincerely grateful.
Their long voyage was made with singu
lar success, and the soldierly conduct of
the men, most of whom were without
previous experience in the military serv
ice, deserves unmeasured praise.
Total Casualties of the War.
j'he total casualties in killed and
wounded in the army during the war was
as follows: Officers killed, 23: enlisted
men killed, 257: total, 2SO; officers
wounded, 113; enlisted tnen wounded,
1,464; total, 1,577. Of the navy: Killed,
17; wounded, 67; died as result of
wounds, 1; invalided from service, 6;
total, 91.
It will be observed that while our navy
was engaged in two great battles and in
numerous perilous undertakings in block
ades and bombardment, and more than
fifty thousand of our troops were trans
ported to distant lands and engaged in
assault and siege and battle and many
skirmishes in unfamiliar territory, we
lost in l*th nnns of the service a total of
1,668 killed and wounded; and in the en
tire campaign by land and sea we did not
lose a gun or a fie ; or a transport ship,
and with the exception of the crew of the
Merrimae not a soldier or sailor was
taken prisoner.
Aug. 7. forty-six days from the date of
the landing of General Shafter’s army in
Cuba, and twenty-one days from the sur
render of Santiago, the United States
troops commenced embarkation for home,
and our entire force was returned to the
United States as early as Aug. 24. They
were absent from the United States only
two months.
It is fitting that I should bear testi
mony to the patriotism and devotion of
that large portion of our army which, al
though eager to be ordered to the po -t of
greatest exposnre, was not required out
side of the United States. They did their
whole duty and earned the gratitude of
the nation. It is my regret that there
seems to be no provision for their suitable
recognition.
In this connection it is a pleasure for
me to mention in terms of cordial appre
ciation the timely and useful work of the
\merican National Red Cross, both in re
,ef measures preparatory to the cam
paigns. in sanitary assistance at several
of the camps of assemblage, and later,
under the able and experienced leader
ship of the President of the society. Miss
Clara Barton, on the fields of battlp and
in tne hospitals at the front in Cuba.
In tracing these ents we are con
stantly reminded of onr obligations to the
Divine Master for His watchful care j
over us and His safe guidance, for which
the nation makes reverent acknowledg
ment and offers humble prayer for the
continuance of His favor.
The annihilation of Admiral Cervera's
fleet, followed by the capitulation of San
tiago, having brought to the Spanish Gov
ernment a realizing sense of the hope
lessness of continuing a struggle now be
coming wholly unequal, it made overtures
of peace through the French ambassador, j
On the 26th of July M. Catubon present- ,
ed a co-nmnnn ion signed by the Duke
of Ainu-drear, tne Spanish minister of
state, inviting the United States to state
the torn.B upon which it would be willing
to make peace. July 30 the terms of this
government were announced, substantial
ly as in the protocol afterward signed. :
Ang. 10 the Spanish reply, dated Aog. 7.
was handed by M. Cimbon to the Secre
tary of State." It accepted uneondition- :
ally the terms imposed as to Cuba, Porto !
Rico and an ilani : of the I-adrones j
group, but appears* to seek to introduce .
inadmissible reservation* in regard to (
our demand as tn tne Philippines.
Signlni of the Protocol.
Conceiving that discussion on tk2 point
could neither he practicable nor profit- |
able, I directed that in order <? avoid mis- ,*
understanding the matter should be j
forthwith closed by proposing the emhodi
mc-iit in a formal protocol of the terms
in which i,h“ negotiations for p- aee were
to be undertaken. The vague and inex
plicit suggestions of the Spanish note
could not be accepted, 'he only reply be
ing to present a a virtual ultimatum a
draft of the protocol embodying the pre
cise terms tendered to Spain in our note
of July 80, with added stipulations of
detail as to the appointment of commis
sioners to arrange for the evacuation of
the Spanish Antilles. On the afternoon
of Aug. 12 M. Gambon, as tne plenipoten
tiary of Spain, and the Secretary of
State, as the plenipotentiary of the Uni
ted States, signed a protocol.
Immediately upon the conclusion of the
protocol i issued a proclamation on Aug.
12. Suspending hostilities on the part of
the Uni Us) States. Aug. 18 the muster
out of 100,IKK) volunteers, or as near that
number as was found to he practicable,
was ordered. Dec. 1, 101,165 officers and
men had been mustered out and discharg
ed from the service; 9,002 more will be
mustered out by the 10th of the month.
The military committees to superintend
he evacuation of Cuba, Porto Rico and
the adjacent islands were forthw'th ap
pointed. For Cuba, Major General Jns.
F. Wade, Rear Admiral Williau T.
Sampson and Major General Matt! ew C.
Butler; for Porto Rico, Major Gitierai
John C. Brooke, Rear Admiral Wi. field
S._ Schley and Brigadier General George
W. Gordon, who soon afterward met the
Spanish commissioners at Havana and
San Juan respectively. The Porto Rican
joint commission speedily accomplished
its task, and by Oct. 18 the evacuation
of the island was completed. The United
States flag was raised over the island at
noon on that day. The administration
of its affairs has been provisionally in
trusted to a military governor until the
Congress shall otherwise provide. The
Cuban joint high commission has not vet
terminated its labors. Owing to the diffi
culties in the way of removing the large
numbers of Spanish troops still in Cuba,
the evacuation cannot he completed be
fore the Ist of January.
Pursuant to the fifth article of the pro
tocol, I appointed William R. Day, lately
secretary of State; Cushman K. Davis,
William P. Frye and George Gray, Sena
tors of the United States, and Whitelaw
Reid to he the peace commissioners on
the |Hrt of the United States. . roceeding
in dre season to Paris, they there met
on the Ist of October five commissioners
similarly appointed by Spain. The nego
tiations have made hopeful progress, so
that I trust soon to he able to lay a def
inite treaty of peace before the Senate,
with a review of the steps leading to its
signature.
1 do not discuss at this time the govern
ment or the future of the new posses
sions which will come to us as the result
of the war with Spain. Until the Con
gress has legislated otherwise, it will be
my duty to continue the military govern
ments which have existed since onr occu
pation and government of the people, se
curity in life and projierty, and encour
agement under a just and beneficent rule.
As soon as we are in possession of
Cuba and have pacified-the island, it will
be necessary to give aid and direction to
its people to form a government for them
selves. This should be undertaken at the
earliest moment consistent with safety
and nssured success. Until there is com
plete tranquillity in the island and a sta
ble government inaugurated military oc
cupation will be continued.
Relations with Other Countries.
With the exception of the rupture with
Spain, the intercourse of the United
States with the great family of nations
has been marked with cordiality and the
close of the eventful year finds most of
the issues that necessarily arise in the
complex relations of sovereign states ad
justed or presenting no serious obstacle
to a just and honorable solution by ami
cable agreement.
A long unsettled dispute as to the ex
tended boundary between the Argentine
Republic and Chili assumed an acute
stage in the early part of the year, and
afforded to this government occasion to
express the hope that riie resort to arbi
tration, already contemplated by existing
conventions between the parties, might
prevail despite the grave difficulties aris
ing in its application. lam happy to say
that arrangements to this end have been
perfected.
I h.ive found occasion to approach the
Argentine Government with a view to
removing differences of rate charges im
posed upon the cables of an American
corporation in the transmission between
Buenos Ayres and the cities of Uruguay
and Brazil of through messages passiugg
from and to the United States. Although
the matter is complicated by exclusive
concessions by Uruguay and Brazil to
foreign companies, there is strong hope
that a good understanding will be reached.
In this relation I may he permitted to
express my sense of the fitness of an in
ternational agreement whereby rhe inter
change of messages over connecting ca
bles may i>e regulated on a fair basis of
uniformity.
The sympathy of the American people
has justly been offered to the ruler and
the people of Austria-Hungary by reason
of the affliction that has lately fcc-faiieu
them in the assassination of the Em
press-Queen of that historic realm.
The Lattimer Affair.
On the 10th of September, 1897, a con
flict took place at Lattimer. Ua., between
a body of striking miners and the sheriff
of Luzerne County and liis deputies, in
which twenty-two miners were killed and
forty-four wounded, of whom ten of the
killed an.J twelve of the wounded were
Austrian and Hungarian subjects. This
deplorable event naturally aroused the so
licitude of the Amftro Hungarian Govern
ment, which, on the assumption that the
killing and wounding involved the unjus
tifiable misuse of authority, t 'aimed rep
aration for the sufferers. Apart from the
searching investigation and the peremp
tory action of the authorities of Pennsyl
vania, the Federal Executive took appro
priate stejvs to learn the merits of the
case, in order to be in a position to meet
the urgent complaint of a friendly pow
er. The sheriff and his deputies, having
been indicted for murder, were tried and
acquitted after protracted proceedings.
A representative of the department of
justice attended the trials and reported
its course fully. With all the facts in its
possession this Government expects to
reach a harmonious understanding on the
subject with that of Austria-llengary.
United Ftatc-* of Central America.
In try last annual message the situation
was presented with respect to the diplo
matic representation of this Government In
Central America, created by the association
of Nicaragua, Honduras and Salvador under
the title of the Greater Republic of Central
America, and the delegation of their inter
nal functions to the diet thereof. While the
representative character of the diet was
recognized by my predecessor and has been
confirmed during my administration by re
ceiving Its accredited envoy and granting
exequaturs to consuls commissioned under
Its authority, that recognition was qualified
by the distinct understanding that the re
sponsibility of each of the competent sover
eign republics toward tbe United States re
malued wholly unaffected. A convention of
delegates framed for them a federal consti
tution under the name of the United States
of Central America and provided for a cen
tral federal government and legislature.
Upon ratification tty the co::at!*nent States,
the Ist of November last was fixed for the
ne— system to go Into operation Within a
few weeks thereafter the plan was severely
tested by revolutionary movements arising,
with a consequent demand for unity of ac
tion on tho part of the military power of
the Federal S ate* to suppress them. Under
this strain the new union se ms to have been
weakened through the withdrawal of its
more important members.
Nicaragua Canal Commission.
The Nicaragua Canal Commission, under
the championship of Rear Admiral John G.
W'aiker. has uearly completed its labors, and
the results of its exhaustive inquiry into the
prop: r route, the feasibility and the cost
of construction of an interoeeanle canal by |
a Nicaraguan route will be laid before you. )
The Government of Nicaragua a* one of j
Its last sovereign acts before merging Sts
powers In those of the newly formed United
States of Central America has grante.j ,
optional concession to another ussociatioo i
to become effective on the expiration of the
present grant. These circumstances suggest j
the urgeucy of definite action by the I
Congress at this session if she labors of the !
past are lo be util.zed and the linking cf ■
the Atlantic and P*.Gfic Oceans by a prac
tical waterway U to be realized.
A convention providing for the revival of
(he lat* Unites: States and Chilian claims j
c„ut:.u slon anc the consideration of claims, j
which w-re doly presented to tbe late com- ;
mission bot sot cods dered. was signed May J
2-u 1837. gnd .ms remained onset ed upon by j
the Senate. 1 V term therein fixed for ef
fecting the exti.snge of ratifications having |
einpsod. the convenilon falls unless the time
be extended by amendment, which I am en
deavoring to bring about, with the friendly
concurrence of tbe Chilian Government.
American Interest* in the tirient.
The United States has not been an Indif
ferent spectator of the extraordinary events
transpiring In tbe Chinese empire, whereby
portions of It* maritime provinces are pass
ing under tbe control of varfons Kurupean !
powers, but tbe proapect that the vast com- j
merce which the energy of our citizens and 1
the necessity of onr staple productions for
Chinese uses has built up In those regl-m*
may not be prejudiced through any ext :
give treatment by the new occupants iuta i
! obviated the need of onr country becoming
an actor In the scene.
; In this relation I r'fer to the communlca
i tion addressed to the Speaker of the House
of Representatives by the Secretary of the
j Treasury on the 1-ith of last June, reeoni
! mending an appropriation for a commission
; to study the commercial and Industrial con
j dltlons in the Chinese empire and report as
I to the opportunities for and obstacles to the
enlargement of markets in China for the
raw products and manufactures of the Unl
! ted States. 1 cordially urge that the recom
! mendatlon receive at your hands the con
| sideratlou which Its importance and timeli
ness merit.
Meanwhile, there may be just ground for
disquietude in view of the unrest and revival
of the old sentiment of opposition and preju
dice to alien people which pervades certain
of the Chinese provinces. A* In the case of
the attacks upon our citizens In Scochuau
and at Rutieu in 1885, the United States
minister has been Instructed to secure the
fullest measure of protection, both local and
Imperial, for any menaced American Inter
ests, and to demand, in case of lawtasj In
jury to person or property. Instant repara
tion appropriate to the case.
I’nrticipation in the Faris Exposition.
There is now every prospect that the par
ticipation of the United States in the uni
versal exposition to be held in I'aris tn 1000
will be on a scale commensurate with the
advanced position held by onr products and
Industries in the world's chief marts. By
a provision in ihe sundry civil appropriation
act of July 1, 1898, a sum not to exceed
(650,000 was allotted for the organization of
a commission to care for the proper prep
aration and Installation of America:, ex
hibits,and for the display of suitable exhib
its by the several executive departments,
particularly by the Department of Agricul
ture, the Fish Commission and the Smith
sonian institution, in the representation of
the Government of the United States. l*ur
suant to that enactment 1 appointed Ferdi
nand W. I’eck, of Chicago, Commissioner
General, with an assistant commissioner
general and secretary. Mr. I’eck at once
proceeded to l’aris, where his success in en
larging the scope and variety of the United
States' exhibit has been most gratifying.
Friend'y Relations with Great Britain
Our relations with Great Britain have con
tinued on the most friendly footing. As
senting lo our request, the protection of
Americans and their Interests in Spanish
jurisdiction was assumed by the diplomatic
and consular representatives of Great Brit
ain, who fulfilled their delicate and arduous
trust with tact, and zeal, eliciting high com
mendation.
The long standing claim of Bernard Camp
bell for damages for injuries sustained from
a violent assault committed against him by
military authorities in the Island of Haytl,
has been settled by the agreement of that
republic to pay him (lO.uOO In American
gold.
Annexation of Hawaiian Islands,
Fending the consideration by the Senate
of the treaty signed June 16, 1897, by the
plenipotentiaries of the United States and
of the republic of Hawaii, providing for the
annexation of the islands, a Joint resolu
tion to accomplish the same purpose by ac
cepting the offered cession and incorporating
the ceded territory into the Union was
adopted by the Congress and approved July
7, 1898. 1 thereupon directed the United
States steamer Philadelphia to convey Rear
Admiral Miller to Honolulu, and intrusted
to his hands this important legislative act
to be delivered to the President of the re
public of Hawaii, with whom tbe Admiral
and the United States minister were author
ized to make appropriate arrangements for
transferring the sovereignty of the islands
to the United States. This was simply, but
Impressively, accomplished in the 12th of
August last, by the delivery of a certified
copy of the resolutions to President Dole,
who thereupon yielded up to the repre
sentatives of the Government of the United
States the sovereignty and puolic property
of the Hawaiian Islands.
Following the further provision of the
joint resolution, 1 appointed She'b.v M. Cul
lom of Illinois, John T. Morgan o.'Alabama,
Robert R. Hitt of Illinois, Sanford B. Dole
of Hawaii and Walter F. Grear o Hawaii
as commissioners to confer and recommend
to Congress such legislation concerning the
Hawaiian Islands as they should deem nec
essary or proper. The commissioners having
fulfilled the mission confided to them, their
report will be laid before you at an early
da. .
The questions heretofore pending between
Hawaii and Japan growing out of the al
leged mistreatment of Japanese treaty im
migrants were, I am pleased to say, adjust
ed before the net of transfer by the" payment
of a reasonable indemnity to the Govern
ment of Japan.
Under the provisions of the joint resolu
tion the existing customs relations of the
Hawaiian Islands with the United States
ard with other countries remain unchanged
until legislation shall otherwise provide.
Controversies with Mexico.
The interpretation of certain provisions of
the extradition convention of Dee. 11, 1801,
has been at various times the occasion of
controversy with the Government of Mex
ico. An aente difference arose in the case
of the Mexican demand for the delivery of
Jesus Guorrera, who, having led a maraud
ing expedition near the border with the
proclaimed purpose of Initiating an Insurrec
tion ag’inst President Diaz, escaped into
Texas. Extradition was refused on the
ground that the alleged.offense was politi
cal in its character, and therefore came
within the treaty proviso of non-surrender.
The Government of Peru has given the
prescribed notification of its Intention to ab
rogate the treaty of friendship, commerce
and navigation concluded with this coun
try Aug. 31, 1887. I have invited sugges
tions by Peru as to the particular provisions
it is desired to anno!, in the hope of reach
ing an arrangement whereby the remaining
articles may be provisionally saved.
His Majesty, the Czar, having announced
his purpose to raise the imperial Russian
mission at this capital to the rank of an
embassy, I responded, under the authority
conferred by the act of March 8, 1893, ivy
commissioning and accrediting the actual
representatives at St. Petersburg in the
capacity of ambassador extraordinary and
plenipotentiary.
The proposal of the Czar for a general re
duction of the vast military establishments
that weigh so heavily upon many peoples in
time of peace was communicated to this
Government*with an earnest Invitation to be
represented tn the conference which it Is
contemplated to assemble with a view to
discussing the means of accomplishing so
desirable a result. His Majesty was at ’.ce
informed of the cordial sympathy of this
Government with the principle Involved in
his exalted proposal and of the readiness of
the United Fictes to take part in tin. "oe'er
ence.
The arbitral tribunal appointed under the
treaty of February, 1.897, between Great
Britain and Venezuela to determine the
boundary line between the latter and the
colony of British Guiana, Is to convene at
Paris during the present mouth. It is a
source of much gratification to this Govern
ment to see the friendly resort to arbitra
tion applied tc the settlement of this con
troversy.
Bureau cf American Republic*
I have the satisfaction of belug able to
state that the Bureau of American Repub
lics. created in is9o as the organ for pro
moting commercial intercourse and fraternal
rein.ions among the countries of the West
ern Hemisphere, has become a tn >.<■ efficient
instrument of the wse purposes of its
founders, and is re'>iing the cordial sup
port of the contribu.lng members of the
International union which are actually rep
resented In tts board of management.
During the last year the important work
of collecting information of practical bene
fit to American Industries and trade through
the agency of the diplomatic and consular
officers h->.- been steadily advanced, and in
order to lay such data bef .re ti’e public
with the least delay the practice was begun
in January, 189s, of issuing the commercial
reports from day to day. as they are re
ceived by the Department of State.
We desire. In common with most civilized
nations, to reduce to the lowest possible
point the damage sustained in time of war
by peaceable trade and commerce. This
purpose can probably lie best accomplished
by an international agreement to regard all
private property at tea as exempt from cap
ture or destruction by ihe forces of bellig
erent pow-ers.
Condition of the treasury.
The Secretary of the Treasury reports
that the receipts of the Government from
ail sources during the fiscal year ended June
30, 1898, Including (84,751,223 received from
sale of Pacific railroads, amounted to $405,-
321.335. and Its expenditures to $443,368,582.
There was colie -ted from custom- $149,575,' 62
and from internal revenue $170,909,641. Our
dutiable Imports amounted to $324,735,479.
a decrease of $58,156,690 over the preceding
year, and importations free of duty amount
ed to $231,414,175, a decrease from ihe pre
ceding year of $4*0,524,068. internal revenue
receipts exceeded those of tbe preceding
year by $24,212,068. The total collected on
distilled spirits was $92,546,939, on manu
factured tobacco $36.23<i,522 and on fer
mented liquors $39,515,421. We exported
merchandise during the vear amounting to I
$1,231,482,330. an increase of $180,488,774 I
over tk? preceding year.
On the Ist of December, 1898, the amount {
of money of aii kinds in circulation or not ;
Included in treasury holdings, was $1,836,-
87'.).504. an increase for the year of $165.-
794,966. Estimating our population at 75.
lbs.ooo at the time mentioned the per capita
circulation was $25.0©.
The provisions made for strengthening the
resources of the treasury lo e< .meetion with
the war have given increased confidence in
the purpose and power of the Government to
maintain the present standard, ana has es
tablished more firmly than eve.- the national
credit at home and abroad A marked evi
dence of this is found in the inflow of gold
to the treasury.
1 renew so much of my recommendation
of December, 1897, as follows:
“That when any of the United States
notes are presented for redemption ia goid
and are redeemed In gold, such notes shall -
be kept and set apart and only paid out in i
exchange for go! A. This is an obvious duty. |
If tbe holder of ihe United States note pre- !
fern the goid and gets it from the Govern- 1
mtut, be should not receive back from the
government s United States note wltbont j
paying gold in exchange for It. The reason J
ESTABLISHED 1855.
for this Is made all the more apparent when
the Government Issues an Interest-bearing
debt to provide gold for the redemption of
United States notes—a non-interest-bearing
' debt. Surely It should not pay them out
j again except on demand and for gold. If
■ they are put out in any other way they may
return again, to be followel by another bond
I issue to redeem them—an ither interest-bear
! ing debt to redeem a aon-lnterest-bearlng
debt."
In my judgment the present condition of
the treasury amply justifies the immediate
enactment of the legislation recommended
one year ago. under which a portion of the
gold holdings should be placed In a trust
fund from which greenbacks should be re
deemed upon presentation, hut when once
rede and should not thereafter be paid out
except for gold.
It Is not to be Inferred that other legisla
tion relating to our currency Is not required;
on the contrary, there is an obvious demand
for it. The importance of adequate provis
ion which will insure to otir future a money
standard related as our money standard now
and to that of our commercial rivals Is gen
eral.y recognized. The companion proposi
tion that our domestic paper currency shall
be kept safe and yet" be so related to the
needs of our industries and Internal com
merce as to be adequate and responsive to
such needs is a proposition scarcely less Im
portant.
Prompt Adoption of Maritime Policy.
The annexation of Hawaii and the
changed of the United States to
Cuba. Porto K;eo end the Philippines, re
sulting from the war, compel the prompt
adoption of a marie policy by the United
States. There shorn:; be established regu
lar and frequent communication,
encouraged by the United States under the
American flag, with the newly acquired
Islands.
Prevention of Yellow Fever.
In my last annual message I recommended
that Congress authorize the appointment of
a >niru;alon for the purpose or making sys
tematic investigations with reference to the
cause and prevention of yellow fever. It Is
my earnest desire that these problen j may
be considered by competent experts and
that everything may be done which the
most recent advances In sanitary science
can offer for the protection of the health of
otir soldiers in Cuba and Porto Rico and of
our citizens who are exposed to the dangers
of infection from the Importation of yellow
fever.
Increase of Army Recommended.
The importance of legislation for ine per
manent Increase of the army Is manifest,
and the recommendation of the Secretary of
War for that purpose has my unqualified ap
proval. There can he no question that at
this tine and piobtbly for some time in the
future 100,000 men will be none too many to
meet the necessities of the situation. It is
my purpose to muster out the entire vol
unteer army ~s soon as the Congress shall
provide for the Increase of the regular es
tablishment.
Sale of the Ilnion Pacific.
In my last annual message I stated: "The
Union Pacific Hallway, mala Hue, "as sold
under the decree of the United StiC'-a Court
for the District of Nebraska the Ist and 2d
of November of this yeur. Tne amount due
the Government consisted of the principal of
the subsidy bonds, $27,236,512, and the ac
crued interest thereon, $31,211,511.07, mak
ing the total Indebtedness Z00, ">48,223.75.
The bid at the sale covered the first mort
gage lien and the entire mortgage claim of
the Government, principal and iut'-rest."
This left the Kansas Pacific case uncon
cluded. By a decree of the court In that
case an upset price for th property was
fixed at n sum which would y.eld to the
Government only $2,500,000 upon Its Hen.
By a somewhat complicated transaction the
Government secured an advance of $3,803,-
000 over and above the sum widen the court
had fixed as the upset price, and which the
reorganization committee had declared was
the maximum which they would pay for the
property.
Growth of the Postal Service.
The postal service of the country advances
with extraordinary growth. Within twenty
years both the revenues and the expendi
tures of the Postotlice Department have
multiplied threefold. In the lust ter years
they have nearly doubled. Our postal busi
ness grows much more rapidly than our pop
ulation. It now Involves an expenditure of
$100,000,000 a year, numbers 73,000 post
offices, and enrolls 200,000 employes. The
war with Spain laid new and exceptional
labors on the Postofflce Department. The
mustering of the military and naval forces
of the United States required special mall
arrangements for every camp and every
campaign. This necessarily was met by the
prompt detail and dispatch of experienced
men from the established force, and by di
recting all the Instrumentalities of the rail
■ way mall and postofflce service so far as
neivssary to this new need.
Under the same authority, when our forces
moved upon Cuba, Porto Hlco and the Phil
ippines, they were attended and followed
by the postal service.
Increasing the Navy.
The following recommendations of the
Secretary of the Navy relative to the in
crease of the uavy have my earnest ap
proval :
1. nree sea going, sheathed and coppered
battlesh ps of about 13,500 tons trial dis
placement, carrying the heaviest armor and
most powerful ordnance for vessels of their
class, and to have the highest practicable
speed and great radius of action. Estimated
cost, exclusive of armor and armament, $3,-
600,000 each.
2. Three sheathed and coppered armored
cruisers of ah t 12,000 tons trial displace
ment, carrying .te heaviest armor and most
powerf''. ordnance for vessels of their class,
and t. have the highest practicable speed
and g at radius of action. Estimated cost,
exclusive or armor and armament, $4,000,000
each.
3. Throe sheathed and coppered protected
cruisers of about 6,000 tons trial displace
ment; to have Ibe highest practicable sliced
and great radius of action, and to carry the
most powerful ordnance suitable for ves
sels of their class. Estlmn.ed cost, exclu
sive of armor and armament, $2,150,000 each.
4. Six sheathed and coppered cruisers of
about 2,500 tons trial displacement; to have
thp highest speed compatible with good
crluslng qualities, gre at radius of action and
to carry the most powerful ordnance suited
to vessels of their class. Estimated cost,
exclusive of armament, $1,141,000 each.
Additions to the Pension l.ist.
There were on the penglon rolls June 30,
1808, 093,714 names, an Increase of nearly
18.000 over the number on the rolls the same
day of the preceding year. The amount ap
propriated by the act of Dec. 22, 1806, for
the payment of pensions for the fiscal year
1898 was $140,000.01)0. Eight million sev
enty thousand eight hundred and sevent*
two dollars and forty six cents was appro
priated by the act of March 31, 1898, to
cover deficiencies in army pensions and re
payments in the sum of $12,020.33, making
a total of $148.182 892.79 available for the
payment of pensions during tbe fiscal year
1898. The amount disbursed from that sum
was $144,651,879.80, leaving a balance of
$3,431,012.99 unexpended June 30, 1898,
which was covered Into the treasury.
The total receipts of the patent office dur
ing the Inst year were $1,253,948.44. The
expenditures were $1,081,633.79, leaving a
surplus of $172,314.65.
Government Lands Disposed Of.
The public lands disposed of by the Gov
ernment during the year reached 8,453.896.92
acres, an increase of 614,780.26 acres cT.-r
the previous year. The total receipts from
public land 1 * during the fiscal year amounted
to $2,277,995.18, an increase of $190,063.90
over the preceding year.
The special attention of the Congress Is
called to that part of the report of the Sec
retary of the Interior In relation to the five
civilized tribes. It Is noteworthy that the
general condition of the Indians shows
marked progress. But one outbreak of a se
rious character occurred during the year,
and that among the Chippewa Indians of
Minnesota, which happily has been sup
pressed.
Dawes Commission Report.
While it has not ye; lieen practicable to en
force all tbe provisions of the act of June 28.
1898, "for the protection of the people of
tbe Indian Territory and for other pur
poses.” it. Is having a salutary effect upon
the nations composing the five tribes. I
cannot too strongly indorse the recommen
dation of th- commission and of the Sec
retary of the Interh r for tbe necessity of
providing for the education of the 30,000
white children resident In the Indian Terri
tory.
Department of Agriculture.
The Department of Agriculture has been
active in th* last yeir. Explorers have
been sent te many of the countries of the
Eastern and Western Hemispheres for seeds
and plants :bat may be useful to the United
States and with tbe further view of opening
up markets for our surplus products. The
forestry division of the department is giving
special attention to the treeless regions of
onr country and is Introducing species spe
cially adapted to semi-arid regions. Forest
fires, which seriously interfere with produc
tion, especially In Irrigated regions, are be
ing studied that the losses from this cause
may be avoided. Tbe department Is Inquir
ing into the use and abuse of water in many
States of the West and collecting Informa
tion regarding the laws of the States, the
decisions of the courts and the customs of
the people in this regard, so that uniformity
may be secured. Experiment stations are
becoming more effective every year. The
annua! appropriation of $720,000 by Con
gress is supplemented bj* $400,000 from the
States. Nation-wide experiment* have been
conducted to ascertain the suitableness as to
soil and c'imate and Stares for growing su
gar beets. The number of sugar factories
has been doub'ea In tbe last two years and
tbe ability of the United States to produce
Its own sngar from this source has been
clearly demonstrated.
Tbe'alien contract law Is shown by ex
perience to need some amendment; a meas
ure providing better protection for seamen
is proposed; the rightful application of the
eight hour law for tbe benefit of labor and
of the principle of arbitration are suggested
for consideration, and I commend these sub
jects to the careful attention of the Con
gress. WILLIAM MKINLEY.
Executive Mansion. Dec. 5. 1898.
Official City Paper.
BS ■TX'JS.AJMt ===—T.
MaMMPriiiisHoflse
AU. kutm or
Job Printing
mmmr txacum
la a Mmt Satisfactory Manner.
The effect of territorial expansion upon
the merchant marine of the country is al
ready being felt, and the outlook for do
mestic shipbuilding is considered unusu
ally favorable. The output of the yards
next year is expected to exceed 400,000
tons. The greatest annual output since
the civil war was during 1874, when 2,147
vessels of 432.725 tons were built. Dur
ing the last year the additions to our mer
chant marine from all sources amounted
to about 200,000 tons, of which 20,000
tons were foreign vessels purchased by
the Government for use during the war
and given American registers. The ves
sels condemned as prizes amounted to
nearly 20,000 tons, which, however, will
he included in the reports of the next year.
The merchant fleet under the Hawaiian
flag consists of sixty-two vessels, aggre
gating 31,543 tons. The Philippine fleet
consists of ninety-three vessels of 10.968
tous, but Porto Rico is practically with
out shipping. The total number of all
kinds of merchant ships under the United
States flag on the 30th of June, 1898, was
22.705. This was a slight increase from
the 22.033 reported for the previous year,
and a falling off the 22,9(58 reported
for 1890. The tonnage of all these ves
sels amounted in 1890 to 4,793,880 tons;
in 1897, 4,709,020 tons, and in 1898 to
4.749.738 tons. The geographical distri
bution of our merchant marine is as fol
lows:
Number. Tonnage.
Atlantic and Gulf coast.. .16,442 2,553,739
Pacific const 1,754 496,767
Great lakes 3,256 1,437,600
Rivers 1,253 261,720
Hawaii will become a full-fledged ter
ritory of the United States on July 4,
1899, if Congress follows the recommen
dations of the Hawaiian commission. The
congressional members of that body. Sen
ators Cnllom and Morgan and Representa
tive Hitt, together with Justice Frear of
the Hawaiian Supreme Court, who, with
President Dole, represented the islands
on the commission, have been meeting in a
semi-formal manner at the eapitol, putting
the finishing touches upon their report.
Their conclusion will be embodied in a bill
establishing a territorial form of govern
ment for the islands, with a delegate iu
Congress, a local Legislature, and other
features of territorial organization con
siderably different from those which have
obtained in tiie old territories of the Unit
ed States.
With the signing of the treaty of peace
iht Government will begin to save from
$4503<10 to $500,000 a month in wages
alone, paid to enlisted men in the army.
The pay of a private soldier in time of
war is $15.(50 a month, but in time of
peace it is only sl3. The pay of a first
sergeant i t S3O in time of war and $25 in
time of peace, and the number of other
non-commissioned officers will decrease in
about the same pro[>ortion as Ronn as
peace is declared. There are in the com
bined volunteer and regular armies about
1(50,000 men, whose pay at present
amounts to about $2,000,000 a month.
Illinois continues to he the largest con
tributor to the internal revenues of the
Government, the five highest States being
as follows: Illinois, $39,058,080; New
York. $21,058,569; Kentucky, $18,226,-
518; Ohio, $10,430,908, and Pennsylvania,
$13,840,790. This covers the taxes on
whisky, tobacco, beer, oleomargarine and
other articles. The banner distr.ct of the
United States is the Fifth Illinois (Pe
orin), which paid $22,837,554 out of a total
of $170,800,819 collected by the Govern
ment during the year.
Reports received from officers engaged
in recruiting service for tin- regular army
show that some difficulty is being experi
enced in securing recruits, and that the
greater number of the applicants are ob
viously not fitted for military service. The
reluctance of the most desirable Cass of
men to enlist is ascribed to th hardships
of the Spanish war, and the retsirls, some
times exaggerated, regarding the deadly
disease certain to lie encountered by
troops stationed in tropical climates.
Chief Justice Fuller is to add another
son-in-law to his t ’.eady long list, the en
gagement iieinß announced of his young
est daughter, Jane, to Mr. Francis of Bos
ton. This latest marriage iu the Fuller
family is scheduled to take place in the
early spring. The chief justice already
has six sons-in-law and with seven on his
hands in the spring he will still have a
chance to gain another, as one daughter
still remains unmarried.
There are 299 appointments of presiden
tial postmasters awaiting confirmation by
the Senate. This number represents pres
idential offices tilled during the recess. All
these appointees assumed their postoflice
functions at once, but their continuance in
office depends on the action of the Senate.
In addition to these four others were ap
pointed, but their >-<>ii>inissions were sub
sequently withheld.
The widow of Captain Charles Gridley,
who commanded Admiral Dewey’s flag
ship, the Olympia, at the battle of Ma
nila, is to have a pension. Her formal
application has been tiled with Pension
Commissioner Kvans. Captain Gridley
died on his way home a few days after
the memorable battle. His home was in
Erie, Pa.
Senator Foraker says an extra session
of Congress tan hardly be avoided. He
do>s not see how all the work of Con
gress can be finished by the 4th of March.
Personally, he is in favor of ratifying the
treaty with Spain, to currency legis
lation. Senator Foraker is doubtful if
anything in that line will be done.
Senator Hoar lias announced himself as
positively opposed to the treaty which ac
quires the Philippines. He says: “The
constitution was framed upon the theory
that sovereignty is not a salable article.
The people of the I’uited States have con
ferred upon nobody the power to make
such purchases in their behalf.”
Politics makes strange bedfellows. Sen
ator Hoar and Mr. Bailey, Mr. Carnegie
and Mr. Pulitzer are working together to
prevent the ratification of the peace
treaty, while Mr. Teller and Senator Al
len are assisting President McKinley in
his expansion policy.
A bill has been drawn and will be Intro
duced in Congress providing for appro
priating of $1,000,000, to be used in per
fecting a thorough water and sewerage
system for Chickamauga Park.
Secretary of the Navy John D. Long
has ordered that the eight-bonr law shall
be enforced in all navy yards, and that
50 per ceut additional be paid for all over
time.
How’s This!
We offer One Hundred IMlars Reward fo
anv case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by
Hall * Catarrh Cure.
F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Props., Toledo. O.
We, the undersigned, have known P. J. Cheney
for the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly
honorable In all business transactions and finan
cially able to carry out any obligation made by
their firm.
West 6i Truax, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O.
Waldlng. Klnnan & Marvin, Wholesale Drug
gists, Toledo. Ohio.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting
direct 1 * upon tbe blood and mucous surfaces of
the s).Mm. Price 75c. per bottle. Bold by all
Druggists. Testimonials tree.

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