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Vernon County censor. [volume] (Viroqua, Wis.) 1865-1955, November 02, 1910, Image 2

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A BL£/?/OT AfQ/yOAi/l//£
THK problem of aerial navigation
baa appealed to the mind of
man for centuries. In no
branch of scientific investiga
tion has man been ao enthusias
tic, so daring and so willing to risk his
life to demonstrate the validity of his
theories, whose unsoundness has been
proved, in many cases, by the injury
or death ot the misguided theorist.
The evolution of aeronautics, from the
winged flight of Daedalus and his son
Icarus to the triumph of the Wright
brothers, is a history full of failure
and diucouragements thßt tells the
story of man’s unceasing and stub
born fight to conquer the elements.
Tbo men who devote their lives to
the study of aviation have met with
many and various obstacles which
tend to place them lu the eyes of (he
public as visionaries held in the spell
of a foolish dream. The deception of
the public by charlatans, the Impossi
ble claims of cranks, the use of bal
loons and parachutes for spectacular
leaps for life to attract the bucolic
multitude to country fairs and cir
cuses. together with the failure of
•many projects of real scientific value,
have, until the last decade, caused the
generality of thinking mankind to look
somewhat askance on aeronautics as
a science
The scientific Investigation of aerial
conditions has been one of the main
factors in the success of aerial naviga
tions and the epoch-making researches
of the fate Professor Langley, which
In 1891 he published in a book entitled
Experiments on Aerodynamics, have
been the foundation upon which our
present day system of aerial flight Is
based. Aerodynamics as a science Is
yet tn Its Infancy and has not emerged
from the experimental Btage, while the
theory of air pressures and resistances
on moving surfaces is little under
stood. The problem of maintaining
stability In artificial flight baa been
■only approximately solved
First Efforts to Fly.
In aurleut times 11 wa* believed
that to fly was. by divine decree, im
possiblc. The Greeks and Homans
held hat the power of flight was an
attribute only of the highest and most
■powerful divinities. During the middle
■ages there were many myths and
fables In circulation of certain favored
Individuals who had flown for great
•distances on wings. Frair Bacon
vlalmed that he had discovered the art
tof flying and Albertus Magnus, the
noted phiolospher, in his work. Mirabl
lus Naturae, gave a recipe for aerial
navigation From the sixteenth to the
eighteen century there were numerous
Enthusiasts who. thinking they had
discovered the secret that would ren
der them masters of the air. flew forth
ifrom the tops of buildings only to be
dashed to their death. Efforts to fly
’by means of flapping wings were the
{chief causes of the slow progress of
'the flying art. Once the Idea of Boar
;ing through the air—a theory arrived
(at by Professor Lllicnthal in IS91 —
was discovered to be productive of
success the sclenea of aeronautics ad
vanced by leaps and bounds. The first
successful attempt at atrial flight was
made in the eighteenth century bv a
French marquis, who endeavored to
fly across the Seine front an upper
window of his house in I’arls. He suc
ceeded In getting almost to the oppo
site bank when he fell into a boat and
was rescued.
in the seventeenth century Borelll
calculated the strength of the pectoral
muscles of birds and laid down the
postulate that It was Impossible for
man to fly by use of his muscular
strength. This doctrine seems to have
been accepted, and no attempts at ar
tificial flight were made until toward
the close of the nineteenth century.
Tho invention of the balloon by the
Montgolfier brothers and their first
public ascent in 1782. directed the at
tention of the world to this new means
of aerial navigation, and in less than
three years after the Montgolfiers'
first ascension made the English
channel was crossed In a balloon from
Dover to Ca'ais bv Rlhnchard and Doc
t >r Jeffries, in I*B7
Professor Langley the Pioneer.
In the same year that Professor
li.Menthal made his soaring experi
ments Prof.asor Langley, in a steam
jdriven aeroplane model, (lew across
■the Potomac river, a distance of three
I quarters of a mile. Later when he bad
received appropriations from the gov
ernment for the perfection of his ma
chine he attempted a second flight
across the Potomac. He flew for a
distance of 90 feet, when something
went wrong and the machine plunged
Into the river. Further experiments
on the part of the government were
discontinued, and while It Is known
now that the principles of the learned
professor were correct, Langley, at
the time, received nothing but the se
verest criticism and ridicule. Profes
sor Langley was probably the first one
io experiment with an aeroplane driv
en by steam or any like force and his
experiments proved conclusively that
with sufficient speed-producing force
behind It an aeroplane couid soar
great distances through the air. He Is
the pioneer of the aeronlane and re
cent aviators owe their success to the
principles which he set forth.
In Dayton, 0., there lived two young
men known as Wilbur and Orville
Wright. They were Interested In the
bicycle Industry. In the early ’9o’s
they became Interested In aviation
and reading up the theories of Llllen
thal they became very enthusiastic
over the art of artificial flight. In 1900
they constructed a machine and dur
ing their summer vacation on the
coast of North Carolina they began
experiments with a gliding aeroplane.
In 1903 they added a 16-horsepower
motor to their gliuer and in December
of that year nucceeded in making
flights of 850 feet In 59 seconds against
a 29-miie wind. In 1905 they made a
flight of 24 miltß In 38 minutes and
from that time on were hailed as the
first real conquerors of the air.
A New Era. .
The year 1909 will go down to pos
terity as the beginning of anew era
in the art of aviation. The records
made show an enormous advance in
lengths of flights, heights and feats of
daring. In this country Curtiss flew
for C"i,4 minutes in July, and at the
official trials at Fort Myer, Orville
Wright remained in the air for one
hour and 21 minutes, covering 50
miles with a passenger. Curtiss won
the Bennett speed contest at Rhelms.
bringing the contest this year to this
country. Blrrlnt made his historic
cross-channel flight on July 25. making
a distance of 31 miles In 37 minutes.
Earn ham made a duration flight of
four hours. 17 minutes and 35 seconds,
covering 137 miles. Orville Wright.
Latham and Paulham reached alti
tudes exceeding 1.500 feet.
The events of this year are so fresh
in the memory that It is unnecessary
to recall the numerous and almost
dally conquests that occurred during
Its spun. The wonderful achievements
accomplished lu this year were due
not so much to a more perfect mechan
ism In the aeroplanes but to the In
creased confidence and skill of the avi
ators. During recen* aviation meets
the mile point in altitude had been
reached by the skilful and daring
David Bispham Telia This On*.
Alter a ponorraance of "Paoletta.”
in which he Is singing. David Bispham
overheard a conversation thut amused
him hugely. A girl rushed up enthusi
astically to another—a nice quiet girl,
a student in the Cincinnati College of
1 -and gurgled: ‘Oh. I've just
been to see 'Paoletia.' It's grand opera.
ou know, and just perf'ty grand. I
just adore music, and my teacher says
'hat stun * day !'ll be as good as Fer
rar. Saj. do you sing?" The quiet
|si lap; ed. \‘o I play the 'cello."
Thl-- nonplu • and the other, but after
; a moment pause .-he brightened up
and exclaimed. 'That's just lovely!
Hut, say, don't it mak< your stummick
tired Mowin' so hard?"
Realty Unkind.
"‘William E. Curtis gave Yalta an
awful roast the other day."
"1 don't know where Yt .a Is. but
what did he say about it?”
“He said it was the Newport of Uus
At Hypodermic Price*.
\V> hear now of inoculation against
ordinary co'ds. The best inoculation
against familiar hunger is. and will
alwavs be, food.
Health and Hymen
(Copyright, 1910. by Associated Literary Press.)
As Camon approached, suitcase in
band, the driver of the great car
chugging restlessly by the curb
pounced eagerly down from his seat
ind relieved the youth of his lug
"For a email town, this Bllssvllle
nas them ail b-at,” ruminated the
voung cigar salesman, leaping back
jn the leal cushions. “Bllssvllle for
mine, hereafter, at every opportunity.
Must be a pewcherlno of a hotel when
‘t sends an automobile after its
In ail truth, the chauffeur was es
tablishing a B,'eed record. Houses
flashed dizzily bv, and the main stem
of the little burg unfolded as a dirty
gray ribbon to <he unsophisticated
roadster who wa3 even then maki£?
his initial visit to trade.
“ ’Speed on, McDuff.’ ’’ misquoted
the commercial maw, and leaned hap
pily back to dream his omnipresent
On and on went the car at an ever
increasing pace, Damon’s eyes
opened to contemplate a picturesque
building Just ahead. Four stories
high, it flared to the very sky sev
eral gaudy gables which a color-lov
ing owner had caused to be smeared
with all the colors of the rainbow.
"Gee!” murmured the astonished
youth as the car slowed suddenly
down to turn In at a green-hedged
roadway leading to the spacious
liorch that connected with the insti
tution, "mine host must suffer from
an acute attack ot coloritls. This is
"I Hope~l Will Be Your Le,t
the happiest looking plant 1 have ever
stopped at.” The machine came to
a slow stop, and the active driver
jumped hastily down and opened the
door for Damon to alight.
A fuasy little person came forward
and grasped the youth's suitcase.
fou are here, I see,” he beiioweu >u
a voice that told of no lack of lung
"Just so.” acknowledged Damon.
He eyed the man curiously. "1 sup
pose you are the proprietor. This Is
my first trip through this section."
The squat, monkeylike person
stared. ”1 hope it will be your last,”
lie rumbled. "No. I’m not the boss,
but I tnkc his place when he's gone.
I’m the general athletic instructor.
Mulqueen Is my name” He seized
the soft hand of the labor Ignorant
drummer and squeezed it to a beating
Arthur Damon had rome experience
with hotels, big and little. In fact,
the youth’s income had allowed him
to see something of life on a most
expensive plane, and this move lb
the capacity of a clear salesman had
nothing to do with needing the
money. There were other reasons
But in all Damon’s experience an ath
letic instructor for the guests of a
hotel was unheard of. "You are a
what?" he gapped.
“An athletic Instructor," roared the
strenuous voiced one. *‘l give 'em
their bmnbs. 1 do.” He summed up
the broad frame and the erect shoul
ders-back attitude of the youth be
fore him. "You lock ns If you could
go some," be volunteered. "I have
set your try-out for 2 o'clock.”
"Me,” gasped Damon. "Not me, my
friend I have other business to at
tend to.” They were now on the in
side of a largo well-furnished office.
"Where Is your register?” demanded
the ctenr salesman.
"You dou’t have to register," loudly
assured the athletic instructor "Ev
ervthlng Is O. K. We have had your
room reserved for you for three
da vs ”
“Say!” preluded Damon, taking the
stocky one by the arm and leading
him toward a cushioned seat at some
little distance away. ‘‘You and 1 want
to get together There’s some mls
t-ke here. You evidently take me for
Oeep Sea Is Exceedingly "'Wabbly” 1
and There Seems to Be No Spe
cific for Seasickness.
in the joyous vacation season many
if us go down into the sea in ships, and
there would he many more of us if
the bounding deep were not so con
founded wabbly at time; It’s U very
well to sing of a life on the ocean
wave, but there isn't a lot of fun to It
when the ocean wave Is as big as a
house and as steep as a roof —that is.
to a great man: of us
Hence the plaint that rises on
every side at this time of year. "Is
there any specific for seasickness?"
Most doctors agree that there Is cot. i
although one or two remedies have !
been prepared which either help pre
vent the_unp*eaant illness or cause -
people to think they do—which means
the same .nine For those who can
not stand the motion of the boat”
there are but two absolutely certain
ways of avoiding seasickness. One is
to rt-mciu on land; the other, never i
someone else. I am Arthur Damon,
a cigar salesman, and I’m tn your
old burg on business and not to pull
off boxing bouts with—er—athletic
instructors ”
"You think you are.” calmly tame
from the other, "but as a matter of
fact, you are Andrew Dimeling, of
New York, suffering from a nervous
breakdown caused by too much burn
ing of the candle at both ends, and
you are here, gentle stranger, because
papa telegraphed for a suite for you.
explaining the many little mental
vagaries of his promising son us lie
did so. Now, my boy, you just. leave
it all to us. Don’t worry. Physical
culture and a total abstinence from
grog will serve to put you properly
back on your feet again, and you will
thank the Hllssville Physical Culture
sanitarium for your euro.”
‘‘Bllssvllle Physical Culture sani
tarium!” reiterated the youth, "isn't
this a hotel?”
“Thig, my lad. is a health resort.
We hand you an ample abundance of
the vital spark here—at so much per
spark. Your board Is paid in ad
vance,' youngster. Don’t worry.’’
"Listen,” came from Damon, who
was now beginning to understand the
situation. "Don’t Interrupt. Just pre
tend that you believe me. you know,
and I’ll entertain you for a few brief
“In the first place, I really am who
I say I am. I have no empty rooms
In my belfry, and I haven’t the least
idea what made your driver bring me
here—unless It is that my Initials,
A. D„ N. Y. C.. are on my suitcase.
Anyway, to get down to the subject,
I am here on more explicit business
than the mere selling of cigars My
prospective papa-in-law is at the hotel
—the real hotel In Bllssvllle —and I
am supposed to meet him and discuss
—er —certain things.
“Which you won’t,” bellowed the
other, and with a click of his stern
Jaws. “I wouldn’t dare let you go
while the boss Is away. and. besides,
I don’t believe you.”
“It will be an easy matter for you
to establish my identity, if your thick
head is capable of assimilating rea
son." snapped Damon "Just call up
the hotel and verify my statement.”
“Why should your prospective
father-in-law be here?” asked Mul
queen suspiciously.
“He Is at the head of the cigar
combine,” explained Damon. Impa
tiently, “I am to marry his daughter
If 1 can prove, by sticking out on the
road and selling cigars, that I have
enough business ability to support
her I have a million, more or less,
that the pater left me. but Mr. Coxton
wants me to prove up. Ho tele
graphed me thin morning that he
would meet me In Bllssvllle todav?”
“You don’t mean John Coxton?"
asked the athletic instructor.
"Well, my boy, either yds are one
of the most Imaginative bugs I have
seen for some time, or else you are
telling the brand of truth that is
stranger than fiction Anyway. John
Coxton owns and controls this in
stitution. and If he Is In Bllssvllle. as
yon say. he will be out here, and you
will have a chßnce to see him and
prove yon- story.”
‘Til prove it all right." Damon as
serted grimly.
And this was easily done, for to
the dying whirr of a suddenlv
stonped motor Coxton entered the
"Mr Coxton'” Damon arose eager
ly and strode toward the man The
stout, middle-aged one. with the
florid cheeks and iron-gray hair,
turned in surprise.
"You —Damon!” he ejaculated
“Just so.” ventured the youth, ex
tending his hand “Kindly assure
your—er—athletic instructor as to
my sanity—l was kidnaped by the
driver of this sanitarium, and this
gentleman wants to keep me here ”
“This is Damon, Mulqueen,” came
from the cigar magnate, crisply, "and
he is all right—but I dou’t under,
stand this oomoDoßtion Explain ”
Damon speedily explained.
Coxton laughed at the completion of
the tale. “Well, anyway, you’re here
—and unhurt.” he ventured "I
wanted to see you and tell you that
your sales up to date have proved
that you can make good. No use In
covering these tank towns I’ll ac
cent your resignation, if you like, and
you can go home and prepare for an
earlv autumn wedding”
“Sorry we can’t have that go.” ven
tured Mulqueen as some time later
the youth was leaving the Institution.
“I’m not.” grinned Damon, survey
ing critically the husky frame of the
man "I’m in training for a bout
with Hymen, and I don’t care to take
on anyone before the ',reat event
to go to sea except when it is calm—
a thing more easily said than done.
If you will go to sea you should
remember that while seasickness is
but little n matter of the stomach
most doctors think it arises from a
nervous attempt to adjust the balance
automatically—you are likely to suffer
less and more briefly if you take pretty
good care of that organ for a day or
two beiore sailing. Also, people who
lie in their berths and do not lei
their eyes assist them In observing the
unstabiiity of things are likely to pass
the ordeal much more comfortably
than others. And plenty of fresh
air helps.
I have told you of the Spaniard who
always puts on his spectacles when
shout to eat cherries that they might
look bigger and more tempting In
like manner 1 make the most of my
enjoyments and pack away my troubles
lu as small a compass as I can.—Rob
ert Southey.
—: - —iqj
LHIEUT. J. W. Seddon o. the British navy has just designed and built an enormous aeroplane which is intend
|ed to carry six passengers. Preliminary tests are being made with It near Wolverhampton, England This
"tandem biplane," as it Is called, differs entirely from any other flying machine now in use. The contri
vance weighs about a ton. steel tubes take the place of wires, the planes cover an area of 1,000 feet and it will
be propelled by two etghty-horse-power engines which are placed between the two sets of planes.
Jerry, Equine Detective, Given Al
lowance for Services.
Corporation, Recognizing Eighteen
Years of Faithfulness, Will
Make Life Easy Rest of
Animal’s Days.
Spokane, Wash. Jerry, faithful
servant and one-time detective, has
been pensioned by a great express
company after serving that corpora
tion for 18 years.
Jerry is not an ordinary being. Un
like many who have fitted Into the
scheme of a great business. Jerry
never would work on Sunday, how
ever pressing might have been the
Jerry is bay gelding 15H hands
high and weighs 1,350 pounds. He
was foaled in 1886. Jerry’s pedigree
is not worth mentioning. He was a
work horse and served ,18 years with
out a day off or a vacation.
Besides faithfully pulling the
wagon, Jerry ha guarded the com
pany’s treasures. Several years ago
there apparently was a hold-up In the
Incidental to Engagement Handsome
Easterner Makes Blushing Admis
sion—Likes Girls.
New York.—Can a man live 40 years
in New York, with all Its pretty girls,
without kissing or being kissed? Here
Is one man who says he can. He
points to his own case as an In
stance. and the other day he told why.
Olln W. Hill, secretary of the Car
negle Safe Deposit company, is the
man. He is over forty, handsome, well
groomed, and bears all the outward
marks of a man-about-town.
But Mr. Hill has at last fallen a
victim to Cupid's darts, arid he blush
ingly admitted his engagement to
Miss Martha Brown, daughter of Mrs
Slater Brown of Seattle.
“The young woman Is now In New
York purchasing her trousseau,” Mr.
Hill said, “and she expects her mother
here shortly.
“Until now I have never been in
love with any woman, have never
kissed a woman, or even thought of
proposing. I had intended to keep my
engagement secret until Miss Brown’s
mother arrived, and then let her make
the announcement, but the false re
ports that 1 was to marry a stenog
rapher named Miss Brown in the em
ploy of the Carnegie Trust company
had to be corrected.”
Mr. Hill admitted that be liked the
girls well enough, but said that he be
lieved that no man had a right to kiss
one until after marriage.
Members of Old Ladles’ Home Resent
Billboard Pictures of Women
Scantily Dressed.
Wirkesbarre, Pa. —Opposite the Old
Ladies' home In this city Is a dead
wall, which Is used to advertise at
tractions at some of the local thea
ters. A billposter put up a number of
posters of ballet dancers clad In
gaudy and scant attire. The Inmates
of the house, who saw them from their
windows, were indignant
They held a consultation and then
resolved on action,. They ptocured
a number of newspapers, and with
paste and pot made their way to the
opposite side of the street and covered
the lower limbs of the dancers, and
were much pleased with their work.
One of them remarked: “There
now! I guess decency will not be out
Hot Water Hatches Them In New Jer
sey Campers’ Improved Refrig
erator—DcirA) Well.
Centerville, N.. J. —Members of the
Eureka Camping club, of Jersey City,
who are camping along the Little Ne
copeck creek, north of this town, were
surprised when they saw eleven young
ducklings swimming about in the pond
formed by a turn ,ln the stream. Th
presence of the fowl parried the camp
ers. as no mother duck was in sight
and there Is not a farmhouse within
a mile of the place.
The mystery of the ducklings' ap
pearnnee was expiatned, hos ever,
when Barton Youngscourt returned to
camp. He had charge of the commis
sary of the colony up to the time busi
ness him to leave for his
home, several weeks ago. Youngscourt.
before his departure, had purchased
In Centerville what were represented
to be a dozen ducks’ eggs. He placed
them in a hssket and cet them in the
cool edge of the stream He neglected
yard In the rear of the office-. Jerry's
driver proved to be the hold-up. Rob
blrg himself, he pretended to be the
victim of bandits. To carry out his
deception the driver had fired one
shot into the wall and was about to
fire again. Just then Jerry got an
idea. He suddenly backed the wagon,
the wheel hit the revolver, turned It
and the bullet burled Itself In the
driver’s leg. The seeming mystery
surrounding the robbery was solved
soon aUerward.
Eighteen years ago, when the popu
lation of Spokane was less than 15,000
Jerry and his team mate were bought
by the company, the price paid being
J6OO. They made the rc-unds together
until 1899, when the mate died. Jerry
was' put between the shafts of a single
wagon and he made the rounds alone,
simply because he would not work
double. He never forgot his team
Jerry hecame the pet of the office
force, the favorite of merchants and
of the barn men through his intelli
gence and gentleness. He always had
a box stall. Some time ago one of
the horses In the barn became ill.
Jerry was put In a single stall that
Expert’s Opinion Is That Blood
Poisoning May Result.
• i.—. i.. ■■■■■—
Cheap Grades of Shoes Made From
Skins Not Properly Prepared Oft
en Cause Trouble to Their
London. —Beware of cheap boots.
In their leather, if tanned by a re
cently utilized scientific process, there
may lurjj a grave danger to health.
Blood poisoning is the danger to be
feared, and according to an expert’s
opinion blood poisoning in a form ex
tremely difficult to cure.
In the north of England a eese of
blood poisoning from this cause has
just been reported, and the victim, an
inspector of the National Society for
the Prevention of Cruelt7 to Children,
was rendered very seriously ill.
While attending a police court wear
ing a pair of boots of the kind warned
against, he collapsed, and his skin
turned from its natural color to blue
and then to black.
He was taken to a hospital, and
oxygen had to be administered to re
vive him and It was not until a week
afterwards that he was well enough
to be sent home.
Tanning leather by means of chro
mic acid is the source of the trouble.
An analyist on the staff of the
Leathersellers' company’s Technical
college described the dangers of this
torra of tanning.
“The process was invented by Prof.
Schultz '.n 1887, and it is known as
chrome tanning. At that time they
could not make it a practical success,
and it remained in the experimental
stage for many years.
“An American firm then took it up
and it is now the pioneer of the pro
cess. The poisoning is due to chro
mic acid, and occurs when the tanning
is not carefully done.
"The skin first goes into a bath of
chromic acid, and is then changed
from the acid to a base-bath, in which
the acid is neutralized by reduction
with hyposulphite. If the chromic
acid is thoroughly neutralized the
leather Is then perfectly safe and
“But if any free cnromic acid f_ left
in the leather, blood poisoning may
result, and in the manufacture of the
cheaper grades of leather there is a
t.o tell bis companions of thi9 wher he
was suddenly called to Jersey City.
Soon after Youngscourt left camp
the Centerville Power company plant,
just above the colony was put In op
eratlon. The exhaust of the power
house was turned Into the stream and
the hot water raised the temperature
of the creek. The eggs were in the
warmest part of the current, and that
resulted In the batching of the eleven
ducklings that were seen for the first
time today. Youngscourt found the
basket, which contained twelve empty
-hells. There also was the body of a
chick. The twelfth egg had been that
of a hen. and the chick hatched out of
it was drowned before It could get to
Copyright Town Name.
WHkesbarre, Par-Wilkesbarre will
try *..• copyright Its name so it cannot
be use! by any other place tn the
United States. Whether this can b
done or not is unrei 'ain. bat the City
Council at a meeting adopted a resoiu
the ailing animal might have the box.
Now this was not to Jerry’s liking. He
had been wronged and he knew It He
set his slant heels to work, making
room rapidly. He was ready for the
big posts When the barn men led him
to his stall.
Jerry was punctual. When the sev
en o’clock whistle blew, be left his
comfortable stall and calmly walked
upstairs to his wagon, backed between
the thills and waited to be harnessed.
He was willing to work, but he was as
willing to quit. Promptly at six
o’clock in the evening Jerry started
for the barn. No hitching weight
would deter him, unless It had been
fastened to the pavement
Jerry knew his way around town,
too, and never missed a stop. He had
watched the city grow to 120,000 popu
lation. He saw 15-story structures
take the place of squatty brick build
ings, but in the bustle of develop
ment he kept up with the times.
Having earned h'.s rest, Jerry will
be sent into a pasture In the Spokane
valley, about five miles from the scene
of his labor. He will run knee deep
In clover and alfalfa with the fragrant!
odors from surrounding orchards sad
the perfumes of wild flowers to whet
his appetite and wpo him to sleep
when the sun has slipped behind the
western hills.
danger that the process may not
completely carried out
“In a factory a man who works at
the chromic acid bath is generally pub
to work at the reducing bath too, so
that any chromic acid in his hands,
may be neutralized. If it Is not he
gets ’chrome sores,’ which are very
dangerous and are difficult to cure.
Lanoline Is largely used and recom
mended now.
“Chrome tanning is generally used
for upper leather and not often for
soles, because when wetted it gets
very slippery.
“A large number of tanners are now
giving up the old process for the
chrome for light leather, but it is not
yet very popular with heavy manufac
“I have heard of continual com
plaints that it ‘draws' the feet badly.
“Chrome tanning is the latest word
<n tanning in England,” the manager
of a well known Strand firm of sad-i
dlers said. “We only use it for onej
particular strap on saddles which go!
to South America, and then it is so
padded that it touches neither horsei
nor rider.
“The process makes leather as near
ly as possible waterproof. It is still!
in its infancy.
“If chrome tanning is properly done-,
there ought to be no danger, but if}
done hastily by unqualified' people,'
chromic acid and ...ner are!
left in the leather and are dissolved'
out in the perspiration, so that;
chrome sores' and other mischief
might be caused."
“Chromates in solution," said the
medical officer of health for a large
district, “have a poisonous action and
also act corrosively on the skin Chro
mic acid is a strongly acid liquid and'
I in some cases the workmen preparing’
it or using it in various processes sufv
fer severe ulcers."
Lord’s Prayer on Coin.
New York. —A curious specimen of
! the fine work of a famous oid Ameri
can engraver, A. W. Overbaugh, has
come to light In a little Sj&ten Island
I town. The relic is an ancient gold
dollar, in the center of which, in a cir
j cle one-sixth of an inch In diameter.
I Overbaugh engraved the Lord s pray
er. The inscription cannot be seen
with the naked eye, but is distinct
with the aid of glasses. The engraving
was done on a wager.
tion providing that application for
copyright be made.
Infantile Paralysis Increases.
Harrisburg, Pa—There are 658
cases of Infantile paralysis in 45 of
the 67 counties of Pennsylvania, ac
cording to reports received by the
state department of health. The larg
est number is in Lancaster county,
where there are 135 cases. Philadel
phia reports 79 cases.
One in Each Five Divorced.
Los Angeles. Cal.—Records show
that from October 1, 1909. to October
1. 1910, 1.060 divorces were granted
In Los Angeles. 645 of them within
the last six months. This ie at the
rate of one divorce to less thftn five
marriages. During September 202
separations were granted.
French Nobility Grows.
Paris There were only 30,000 noble
families in France before the Revolu
tion; now there are ten times as many
claiming to be blue-b!ooded aristo
crats. this in spite of the fact that a
great many of the old tamities hay*
died out or are dying out

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