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SENDING PICTURES BY TELEGRAPH.
‘HP t spring one of the New York pa pers experimented with the Hummell apparatus, in connection with papers in Chicago, St. Louis, Philadelphia and Boston. The apparatus, as illustrated atuHteseribed in the Electrical World and reproduced by Modern Machinery, consists of a receiver and transmitter, similar in appearance and in mechan ism. The transmitter is here shown. Thyricture to be transmitted is drawn on a heavy piece of metal foil, the lines of the drawing being made with an in sulating ink. The foil is then secured on the circumference of a horizontal cylinder on the transmitter, the cylin der being of about the size of a type writer rubber roller. There is a sim ilar cylinder on the receiver, on whose surface is clamped the paper upon which the drawing is to be reproduced; over this is superposed carbon paper, which is covered in turn by a sheet of thip paper. A stylus actuated by an electromagnet is adjusted close to the surface of the latter, and each time a current is passed through the electro magnet the stylus i£ forcibly pressed against the moving surface of the cyl inder, and a corresponding mark is made on the two sheets in contact with the carbon paper; the outer sheet serves merely to offer a smooth surface to-the stylus and to enable the oper ator to see that the picture is being properly reproduced. The transmit ting cylinder passes under a similar stylus, which latter closes the circuit between the receiving and transmitting ends when it rests upon the foil, and opens the circuit when it passes over the lines drawn with insulating ink, in TO GOOD USE. A Young Matron Puts Her Husband’s j Cigarette Habit. “Yes, cigarettes are a bad habit, but there is compensation in all things,” said a young married woman to a Star man who was trying to lay the Marne of his smoking on a silver pocket case his best girl had given him. ■ v “You see,” continued the young ma tron, “I would rather Ned didn’t smoke at all, but so long as he does I prefer Cigarettes, and stipulate he shall roll himself. It’s the only way I can get tny errands done for me downtown or ever make him remember to pay the Pjgcs bill on the last day before the dis count is off. Oh, it is easy enough to work. You see, Igo on the theory that it is not wilful neglect of his home and family that makes a man forget bo do downtown errands, but the simple fact that they get crowded out of his head while he is at business. “Now, when Ned starts off in the morning I take his package of cigarette ' papers and write a memoranda on j them in pencil. If it is stuff from the: green grocer's I make a list on the top I paper of the pack and he is sure to see it about the time he gets to the corner, and he goes in and leaves the order. If I want him to telephone Alice to run over from Mount Pleasant to luncheon, I note the fact about three papers for ward, and he is sure to get it soon after he gets to the office. When I have anything I want him to run out and attend to at noon. I put it about on the sixth pftper, and he is certain to read it just as he is coming back to the office from his luncheon. And if It Is something I want brought home for tinner, I only/need to write ‘bread’ or or whatever it is on the and ii comes home pr< wint ■ HUll you there is nothing like c\- IHptive ability when it comes to man- HFng your husband." —Washington r Star. BLANCO IN THE PHILIPPINES. There were few rifles and no modern irtillery in the insurgent trenches. They had water-pipe guns built up liron hoops. These were charged with f scrap-iron and bits of telegraph wire., I The masses of natives, armed only with r lances and bolos, could not have faced , the Spanish volleys and their blood-' stained villages had they not given j ; months of labor to the task of forti fication- by driving stakes and plaiting bamboos to retain thick parapets of earth which obstructed approach and arrested Spanish bullets. But without resolute leadership all these devices must have been useless. Had the In surgent rabble found a general? The stragglers told Of a certain ‘‘Captain j Emilio,” calling himself “General isimo,” and bianco knew that his rival' was a young Filipino, an Indio puro, under thirty years of age. He was born in the town wnich he was defend ing. and there he had serv.si the Span ish government as municipal captain, like his father before him. To be de feated by the young Aguinaido in the last battle of a long career of mill .ary glory was a hard fate for Ramon Blanco, Marties de Pena Plata. But foes of his own household rejoiced in the Governor-General’3 defeat, and , plotted to complete his overthrow. It the latter case actuating the stylus magnet at the receiving end, which leaves a mark on the paper of the re ceiving cylinder in the form of a line corresponding to the width of the in sulation over which the transmitting stylus is passing. The stylus at each end of the line is simultaneously ad vanced at the end of each revolution of the cylinders by a screw of small pitch. From the description it will be seen that if the surface of the foil on the transmitting cylinder were entirely in sulated, the receiving stylus would merely draw a number of parallel lines on the paper corresponding to the turns of the screw, and separated a dis tance corresponding to the pitch of the screw and the angle through which It is turned at each operation. The Hum mell apparatus is said to be entirely practicable, the simplicity of its syn chronizing mechanism giving it great advantage over former types of Caselli picture telegraphs. The apparatus has been worked duplex with success. In one instance, a picture was sent from New York to St. Louis while one was being received from the same place in New York, the latter picture in addi tion being received simultaneously at Boston. Here, again, sober science re alizes poetic metaphor, transmitting not words only, but forms, much after the fancy of “The Three Jolly Hunt ers,” who saw “a bobbin’ bunnie cot tontail that vanished from their gaze." One said it was a hot baseball, Zippt through the brambly thatch, But the others said ’twas a note by post, Or a telegraph dispatch. was an open secret that Blanco had written to Madrid urging compliance with the demands of the Filipinos and the expulsion of the friars from the parish chußches. Against the fierce clamor of the clergy the old general was obstinate but helpless. He would not resign his ccmmand, even when his authority was defied in the capital. In December, General Polavieja landed in Manila, already deisgnated by his rank and political opinions as the ris nig sun of repression and reaction. At last, on December 9, a direct cable gram from the Queen named Blanco as chief of her military household, and re called him to Madrid. The veteran embarked for Spain, leaving behind him, for the shrine of the Virgin of Anti polo, the sword of honor presented him for victones in Mindanao in 1895. The English colony gave him a fare well banquet, but all Spanish loyalty was now prostrate at the feet of Gen eral Polavieja, the apostle of exter mination and reooncentration. Blanco was too dull to inspire reform and too slack to driect progres. but it was not because Blanco was sluggish and un scrupulous that he fell. Had he been fit. for these high tasks he must still have failed in the Philippines, as lie falied afterward in Cuba. Spain’s col onial policy could not be carried on by men who strove to be simple and loyal, hopeful and humane. —Harper’s Mag azine. CAUSE OF PHILIPPINE REBELLION The direct cause of the rebellion was not excessive taxation, priestcraft, in dustrial dissent, or military conscrip tion, hut all of these working through what Spanish writers call politiquismo, and describe as the root of all evil in the colonies. Politiquismo is political discussion with a view to reform, and demands for political and personal lib erties. Before Magellan reached the Pacific, the Tagalos had laws, letters, and foreign commerce; for three hun dred years they have practised forms of religion established by Philip 11., and have been as good Christians as can be produced by compulsoin. The Tagalo language is spoken by some millions of the most active and pro gresive inhabitants, and is fit for mod ern uses, both in literature and busi ness. Spanish is not understood by one-tenth of the natives. The slow progress of education, however, and the admission of natives to academic standing as advocates and doctors, or even as notaries, pharma cists, and schoolmasters, let in some light from the modern world. Many of the reforms demanded were covered by liberal laws enacted in Spain.—Har per's Magazine. FILLING THE GAP. The bright boy of fiction is playing with his Noah’s ark. “What are these two chips of wood?” asks the bright boy’s father. Ft is necessary for the bright boy of fiction to have a father, you know; there has to be somebody to draw him out. “Them,” replied the bright boy, without hesitation, “Is the microbes!” Of course, if we think a minute, we perceive that there must have been a pair of microbes on the ark.—Detroit i Journa’. IT WAS AUGUST THE THIRD. Which I wish to remark— And my language is plain— That for ways that are dark, And for tricks that are vain, The heathen Chinee is peculiar, Which the same I would rise to ex plain. Ah Sin was his name; And I shall not deny In regard to the same What that name might imply, But his smile It was peaslve and child like, As I frequently remarked to Bill Nye. It was August the third, And quite soft was the skies; Which it night be inferr’d That Ah Sin was likewise; Yet he play’d it that day upon William And me in a way I despise. Which we had a small game, And Ah Sin took a hand: It was euchre. The same He did not understand; But he smiled as he sat by the table, With a smile that was childlike and bland. Yet the cards they were stock’d In a way that I grieve, And my feelings were shock’d At the state of Nye’s sleeve, Which was stuff’d full of aces and bowers, And the same with intent to deceive. But the hands that were played By that heathen Chinee, And the points that he made, Were quite frightful to see — Till at last he put down a right bower, Which the same Nye had dealt unto me. Then I looked up at Nye, And he gazed upon me; And he rose with a sigh, And said, “Can this be? We are ruined by Chinese cheap labor; And he went for that heathenChinec In the scene that ensued I did not take a hand, But the floor it was strew’d Like the leaves on the strand, With the cards that Ah sin had been hiding In the game he “did not understand.” In his sleeves, which were long, He had twenty-four packs— Which was coming It strong, Yet I state hut the facts; And we found on his nails, which were taper, What is frequent in tapers—that 3 wax. Which is why I remark — And my language is plain— That for ways that are dark, And for tricks that are vain. The heathen Chinee is peculiar— Which the same I am free to main tain. —Bret Harte. SOMEWHAT CHURCHY. Many Matters of Interest to Our Good People. Dr. Hillis says that part of the so cialist controversy is the complaint of the man who has made a dollar and in vested it in beer against the man who has made a dollar and invested it in a bank. Carroll D. Wright says that $140,000,000 a year passes over the bars of saloons in Greater New York. Grapho in the Chicago Advance (Congregational) ghes utterance to the following truism: “Talk as we will about having outgrown the fears and the faith of other generations, we are still in our sins and murdering wives is just as bad for the wives and for the community as ever it was, and so is mob violence, and so is the business of plundering one another. As long as the Chicago jail is full of murderers the Chicago pulpit should not consider the community too refined for the voice of an old-fashined prophet.” The Michigan Christian Advocate is responsible for the following advice to girls: "If you are a homely girl there is no objection to your beeming a type writer, but if you are pretty you had better help your mother Cos the house work. —or be invulnerably armored.” “Choirs and leaders in singing the praises of God should know,” says the Presbyterian Banner, “and if they do not know, should be taught, that their business is not primarily to delight the congregation, but to worship God and to assist the people in the performance of the same sacred duty.” Rev. Dr. William Barry, an English priest, who has been the admitted champion of the “Americanism” rep resented by Archbishops Ireland and Keane, is making quite a stir in Catho lic circles by the public avowal of a wish for several startling changes in the executive government of his church. His leading idea is tha-t ‘‘Catholic democracy is a fact, that the church in the new world, and in part of the old, has to deliver her mes sage under democratic conditions, as she has done again and again in the past.” An old lady has written to Arthur J. Balfour, first lord of the treasury, aud government leader of the British house of commons, and U. 30 an en thusiastic golf player, offering him a handsome allowance, payable quarter ly, if he will swear never to play golf on Sunday. The Anglican bishop of Ely, address ing a temperance mission to brickyard laborers recently, declared that as wine was In Judea so beer was in England —God’t gift to make glad the heart of | man. But what was true of many sins, was especially true of drunkenness; it was the sin of using wrongly what they might hse rightly. A simple I rule was practical enough as a safe- I guard; they must stop when they had taken One mai> ild not stand more than one glass; another, might take five or six glasses, but it was aP.ays wiser to take too little than too-much. A trotting race is reported as having taken place at Rlverhaad, L. 1.. on Fri day, Aug. 4, in which five members of the Northville Christian Endeavor society took part. Many members of the church, including deacons and Christian Endeavor leaders, were pres ent. The race was for SSO. and in addition the Christian Endeavorers are said to have backed their favorites with the revenue from the potato crop. The Endeavorers lost. Miss Millie Luce was the only person who raised a voice in public against the Tloings of her associate Endeavorers. The New York Herald is responsible for the story. The newly elected president of the English Wesleyan conference. Rev. F. W. Macdonald, in the course of his address at the opening, ;ald of skepti cism: “As for skeptics, though they did not disparage the human under standing—the organ through which God addressed men—they would not assign supreme authority to the criti cal faculty. It was curious, by the way, that men should call themselves skep tics who had the most unhesitating confidence and a full belief in their ab solute knowledge of what was and what was not possible.” The Mission World says there are in the church over 100.000 proselytes from .Judaism, and in the Church of Eng land alone 250 of the clergy are either Jews or sons of Jews. The gospel Is proc'aimed In more than 600 pulpits of Arr ica and Europe by Jewish lips. Oiv: 350 of the ministers of Christ in Great Britain are stated to be Hebrew Christians. It is now announced that the New York state conference of religion is to be held in New York city in 1900. The executive committee has been enlarged by the addition of the following five names: Rev. S. T. Carter, Presby terian; Rev. W. C. Garnett, Unitarian; Rev. R. H. Newton, D. D., Congrega tionalist; Rev. L. Williams, Baptist. The general secretary is Rev. Leighton Williams, pastor of Amity church, whose address is 312 West Fifty-fourth street. The Outlook says: “It is hoped to convince by the coming con ference that religion invites those whom theology divides, its effective co-operation for practical results of moral and social betterment and a higher righteousness in church and state.” The New York Journal opposed the candidature of Father Heldman for congress because he had to get the con sent of his bishop before he could run A correspondent of that paper reminds it that “Before the congress of the United States was heard of the priests of the Catholic church were subject to their bishops and bound by their or ders.” The Journal then answered to the point thus: “It is quite true that before the congress of the United States was heard of a priest of the Roman Catholic church was hound by certain rules. ' But it is also true that ever since the congress of the United States has existed a man to be a member of it must be governed sole ly by the constitution of the United States and his own conscience. No man is fit to sit in that congress who requires the consent of another man to his becoming a canditate.” All very true, perhaps, but what about politi cal bosses? A correspondent answers in the Ex aminer (Baptist, New York) the ques tion. “What constitutes a church in the Baptist denomination?” as follows, in part: “The pastor, however gifted and scholarly, is not the church. He is only a member of It, selected and set apart as a teacher and leader in spiritual things, whose mission is to labor for the upbuilding of the particu lar church over which he presides. He has no special legal authoilty over the weakest and poorest member of the church by virtue of his church rela tions. It is the members as a whole that constitute the church, and the membership is confined to those who are believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, who are ‘bom again,' made ‘new creatures' in him, have been baptized on confession of their faith, and are keeping his commandments and walk ing in him.” The Outlook, having recently pub lished an editorial on “Unity in Wor ship,” in the course of which it said some very complimentary things of the Protestant Episcopal church liturgy, a correspondent wants the editor to “explain why, believing as he does, he is not an Episcopalian.” The editor says in reply: “The distinctive characteristic of the Eplscrpa! church is not its ritual, but its form of gov ernment. The bishops in the I,am beth articles make acceptance of the episcopate as essential, as acceptance of the bibie, the creeds, or the sacra ments, but they say nothing about ritual. There are many who like the ritual who do not like the episco pate, and still more who can not as sent that the acceptance of the epis copate is essential to organized Chris tianity,” Mr. Moody, having been taken to task for inviting Prof. George Adam a "higher crltie,” to deliver an ad tires;' at the Northfleid meetings, has replied as follows: "Destructive theology on the one side and the no less evil spirit of extreme intolerance on the other side have wrought wide dissension in many communities In America. Instead of fighting error by the emphasis of truth, there has been too much splitting of hairs, and only too often an unchristian spirit of bitterness. This has frequently re sulted in depleted churches, and has opened the way for the entrance of still greater errors. Under these condl- Itions the question of the authorship of the individual hooks of the bibie has become of less lnmvbdiate importance Jhan the authorship of /he individual byoks .of f the htble itself. thgr question of the two Isaialik less urfeent than a l.imiliai'ky with the prophesy Itself. These farts pre being recognized by many o( our leading churches, and some of our ablest ministers are turning to the preaching of the gospel as never before.” According to th*~ Ccngrogationalist (Boston), "many of the costliest edifices in the land belong tb colleges and universities. Millions of dollars are asked for buildings and equip ments, where only thousands used to be expected. A large proportion of those who go out from these Institu tions probably never afterward will ccupy such expensive houses as are provided for them by private or public benevolence during their student days. Relatively, also, the cost to the stu dents themselves of supplementing what is thus furnished to them is much increased. Yet where all are bene ficiaries, distinctions between rich and poor have grown to be marked in some universities as in the outer world. Young men and women are theie est'ieated much less than form erly according to their intellectual at tainments and moral character, much more according to the money they spend, it is a question worthy of the gravest consideration, whether lavish gifts to institutions of learn ing tend to accomplish the ends for which those gifts are presumably made —the cultivation of high types oi Christian character.” Commenting on an article in the Presbyterian Banner 'by Dr. R. M. Patterson, which says: “A liturgical leaven Is working in our Presbyterian church which contains the germ of great trouble in the near future,” the Christian Work (New York) remarks as follows: "The indiscriminate use of ‘liturgy’ and ‘ritualism’ as inter changeable terms, after the fashion of many writers, Dr. Patterson among them, is confusing, and should be avoided. The Scottish church is liturgical; so is the Reformed church; but neither is ritualistic. John Knox favored a liturgy, and Calvin fur nished the opening sentences in the Episcopal prayer-book, and would not have objected to a liturgy for the Presbyterian church. The fact is, many Presbyterian churches have be come liturgical, as witnessed in the use of responsive readings of the Psalter, the systematic singing of the ‘Te Deum’ and the Glorias, together with the prayer over the offertory, etc. Unless all signs mislead, the Presby terian church is certain to become more liturgical than ever. The ‘great trouble’ of which I)r. Patterson writes, wo imagine, will not come to Presby terians by the use of a liturgy, but through the efforts of some Presby rian advocates of the old constricted methods to arrest this liturgical movement by some prohibitory action on the part of the general assembly. Then the music will begin and the ‘great trouble’ cloud will appear above the horizon. We have an Idea that liturgical methods In the Presbyterian church have come to stay, because the people like them, and because they supply many deficiencies —especially In the sacred office of prayer, in which people lake no audible part—met with and realized In so many nonllturgical churches.” FREAKS OF A TORNADO. Women, Boys, and Horses Carried Through the Air Un •armed. John R. Mustek of Kirksville, Missouri, thus describes, in the Cen tury, certain madcap pranks of a tor nado which passed through that city on April 27: Many strange freaks were played by the tornado. In a tree-top was found a woman's hair, supposed to have been blown from her head as she was car ried through its branches, yet no per son was found near it. A human scalp was found three miles from the city limits, under a bridge. Notes, letters and papers were blown from the city into lowa, and found ninety miles away. One promissory note of four hundred dollars was found In a field near Grlnnell, lowa, nearly one hun dred miles away, while clothing and papers were scattered along the en tire distance. One woman was decapitated by ? tin roof, and her child was killed near her. Some persons who were out side the rotating current were killed or injured by flying timbers, which, like bolts from the catapult of Jove, flew with deadly force for a great distance, while others In the very cen ter of the storm escaped with little or no injury. Perhaps the most remarkable ex periences were those of Miss Moore house, Mrs. Webster, and her son. The three were caught up in the storfn, and were carried beyond the Catholic church, nearly one-fourth of a mile, and let down on the common so gent ly that none were killed. Mrs. Web ster had some slight cuts about the head, her son had one arm fractured, but Miss Moorehouse was uninjured. “I was conscious all the time I wan flying through the air,” Bald Miss Moorehouse, “and It seemed a long time. I seemed to be lifted up and whirled round and round, going to a great height, at one time far above ■the church steeples, and seemed fo be carried a long distance. I prayed to the Ix>rd to save me, for I believed he could save me, even on the wings of the tornado: and he did wonderfully preserve my life. As I was going through the air, being whirled .about at the sport of the storm, I saw a horse soaring and rotating about with me. It was a white horse and had a harness on. Fly the way It kicked and struggled a l , it. was hurled about I know It was alive. I prayed 'God that the horse might not come in contact wkn me, and it did not. I was merci fully landed upon the earth unharmed, saved by a miracle.” Young Webster says he .saw the horse in the air while he was being borne along by the Btorrn. “At one time it was directly over me, and I was very much afraid l would come in contact with its flying heels.” The horse, it is said, was caught up and carried one mile through the air, and, according to the accounts of reputable witnesses, at times was over two hun dred feet high, passing over a church steeple. Many who were not in the storm say that they saw horses flying in the wind. Beyond being well plas tered with mud, the white horse was uninjured by his aerial flight. STORY OF THE REBELLION. At 'ho time of the Taiplng rebellion that is to say. In 1854 —a shrewd and ambitious "house-boy," named Alnig, employed by one of the foreign busi ness houses of Shanghai, being fired by the prospect of unlimited loot, or ganized a very successful rebellion against the imper.al authority. He proclaimed himself General, and all of his assistans officers of high degree; and one night he took possession of the walled Chinese city in the name of Tst ping-wang. The capture was not with out. bloodshed; a few' out of the multi tude o'f Chinamen made some resist ance, but they were promptly slain, and their heads hung on hooks as orna ments to the gate of entrance. The capture, or rather change of ownership, of the otiy was reported to the Emoer or, who dispatched an army to recap ture it In laying si&ge 'o the city the army selected the site for its forts with great judgment, for between the points of the extreme ranges of the guns of both sides there wms a safety zone about half a mile wide, in which battles were frequent and fierce-looking, with much firing of guns and crackers, beating of gongs, and a great noise of shouts. At this time I was very a young and small midshipman on the United State® cor vette Plymouth, at anchor in the har bor of Shanghai. I managed to see more or less of wihat was going on, and, among other things, one shot that was more effective than the usual run. There was a battle on. I hnd strolled over to the front of the Taiplng troops, where, resting on his gun, stood Col onel Reynolds, familiarly known as Pirate Reynolds, a burly English sol dier of fortune, who, for a considera tion, had joined Allng’s army to or ganize and drill it. He ha<i a Minte rifle, the first of the make I had ever seen, and he was very proud of It. After descanting on its merits, he asked me if I should like to try a shot. I said I should He pointed toward the enemy, and said, “Do you see that chap : with the red shirt —that fellow Jumping up and down?” I could see him dis tinctly. “Well, take a crack at him, and if you hold a little high, you'll fetch him." 1 recoiled at the offer, hardly caring to commit a murder. “Gimme the gun,” he said; “seeing you are so danmed squeamish, I'll try him myself;” and he did. He fired, and the red-shrlted Chinaman fell dead, this ended the battle; the Imperialists, who had not dreamed of such heavy losses, boat rapid retreat.—Harper’s Magazine. BEDROOM WALLS COVERED WITH COINS, Miss Daisy Dontz of Dentzville, N. J„ a suburb of Trenton, lias prolwfjly the largest collection of col ns in New Jer sey. Some of them are many hundred years old, and they represent the cur rencies of nearly every country in the world. Some idea of the size of the collection may be gathered from the fact that the celling of Miss Dentz’s boudoir is completely covered with United States money, while t,he four walls are hidden behind the coins of Asiatic, European, African and South American countries. There Is consid erable history attached to this collec tion, especially to the English coins, which were found near Princeton in a queer shaped hat by one of Miss Dentz’s relatives while in search of minerals. The hat is similar in shape to those worn by the Hessian soldiers during the revolution, and is still In Miss Dentz’s possession. There are many valuable coins In her collection and were she to convert them all into present, American currency they would yield quite a snug sum -Philadelphia Record. THE BTOKY. When tired limbs and restless feet Are close In comfort huddled. When, all relaxed, In loving arms The precious form Is cuddled Where may-be-world Is well revealed Rich-hued and touched with glory— There's no place like these shelt’rlng arms And naught else like the story. When all that frets a little heart Is lost, in worlds entrancing, Where wonder brings ids chariots, With all his hosts advancing, e Deep eyes dilat* with interest While breath is held suspended; Reality may not Intrude Until the story’s ended. When tiny sullen-brownies May have chased the smiles aside, When temper or Injustice Shall tempt naughtiness to bide. When restlessness and longing Bring the lambkin to the fold, There is healing In the soft caress And balm In story told. —Lillian H. Picken. W. ,T. Spradllng. a wealthy cattle man, was killed by cowboys near Ualr vlew, N. M., for his murderous attack upon his housekeeper and Miss Nellie McKinney. The women will recover.