Newspaper Page Text
AS SEEN BY DONS
1 SPANISH ACCOUNT OF THE BAT TLE OF MANILA BAY. VERY GOOD READING NOW Tropical Temperaments Were Much Agitated by the Sight of Dewey's Ship—One of Dewey’s Saildrs Tells the Men Below the Decks During the Fight. One of Admiral Dew< 'lads was Charles T. Marshall, of Glenvilie. He was on the cruiser Baltimoreduring the battle of Manila bay, serving in the electrical engineering department. An account of the world-renowned fight was published in the El Dlano De Manila, a Spanish newspaper in Manila, under date of May 4, 188. The paper was a radical Spanish organ. Mr. Marshall obtained a copy containing the account of the battle, and has translated it into English, says the Cleveland Leader. As showing how the great sea fight looked to the Span iards. it is intensely interesting. The translation follows: When the enemy’s squadron was sighted in perfect line of battle through clouds of a misty dawn, on the morning of the Ist ot May, gloom and surprise were general among the people of Manila. At last these ships had Btrained their boldness to a point of appearing on our coast and defying our batteries, which showed more courage than effect when they opened fire on our squadron. It needs some thing more than courage to make pro jectiles penetrate. Indeed it does. Our batteries, when compared with those of the squadron which alarmed the inhabitants of Manila at 5 in the morning, were enough to transform the tranquil character of our tropical temperaments. While ladies rad children in carriages or on foot fled in fright to seek refuge in the outlying suburbs around the capital, from dan ger, multiplied by their Imaginations, every man, from the stately personage to the most humble workman, mer chants and mechanics, Spaniards and natives, soldiers and civilians, all, we repeat, sought their stations and put on their arms, confident that never should the enemy land in Manila un less he passed over their corpses. Yet, from :he first moment, the strength of the enemy’s armor demonstrated that his ships were invulnerable to our en ergies and armaments. The city walls, the church towers, the roofs of high buildings, and all laces convenient for observation, were ocupied by those who were not re tained by their military duties within the walls, on 'the bridges, or at the ad vanced posts. The slightest detail of the enemy wus eagerly watched as they advanced towards Cavite, In a line parallel with Manila, as though they had Just come out of the Pasig river. There were no gape in the lines aa they steamed slowly towards Cavite, where our noble squad -on was eagerly waiting for them. All who appreciated the Impunity with whkh the hostile ships maneuvered as If ou a harmless parade were full of such rage amt desperation as belong to 'he brave man, who can make no us*? of his courage to whom remains no remedy, except an honorable death rather than a cowardly Inactivity. A soldier of the First battalion of Cazadores gazed at the squadron sweeping over the waters out of reach pf our batteries, looked out and at the ships, and then towards heaven, say ing: “If Holy Mary would turn that sea Into land, the Yankees would find put how we can charge In double time!" and a native staring out at the ships bald “Just let them come ashore and give us a whack at them!” On they stood at full speed, heading! for Cavite with a decision due to a senae of safety and a firm assurance of success. For more than an hour and a half the bombardment held in sus pense those whose souls followed the struggle. In which the Spanish ships went down with their glorious banners fl>lng. What \vas going on in the waters of Cavite? From Manila we saw through glasses the two squadrons almost mingled together In clouds of smoke. This was not far from a vic tory for our side, for once alongside the enemy the cry of “Boarders, -away!“'and the flash of cold steel might have enabled our devoted sea men to disturb 'the calm In which watches and instruments were regu lated and directing those engines of destruction. In the blindness of our rage how should we paint the heroic deeds, the prowess, the waves of valor which burst forth from our men-of warl Those who fough't beneath the Spanish Hag Imre themselves like men. as cuoscn sons of our native land, who never measure forces nor yield to superior force lit the hands of an enemy: who would rather die without ships than live in one that had Bar ren fibred. • Witch the hostile squadron turned towards Cavite the crew of the steamer (Isle de heard the drums heating to quarters, and answered with enthusiasm:, three round cheers for 'the king, for the queen, and for Spain was echoed along the line. ’Until a quarter to 5 absolute silence *Mgned. Everything was ready. The Va of death was lost In ardor for the "'v, and every eye was fixed on the r * tie flags waving at our mastheads. *** -erfect orde: (why should we Mhls?l the six Yankee ships ad- Cu battle array. Herb -njjia opened f.re and an in- Secn i.^f rora the battery- up Pa., and * -.Tul*. N At StantoV tn Johnsq vKai.w •riper, was jf lied b> his S; I ' - * , tii'fc mole, whicß kept on firing at in tervals of five mikjutes, while the iron clads shaped chefv course for the Reins Christina ajjrd Castilla. Another ship was the Ua/timore, and so the cannonade went on until a Quarter to 8. At that moment the Don Juan de Austria advanced against the Olympia, intending to board her, and if a tre mendous Broadside had not stopped her self-devoted charge both ships per haps would have sunk to the bottom. The captain of the Reina Christina, seeing that the resolute attempt of consort had failed, advanced at full speed until within 20 yards of the Baltimore, aiming to attack her. Then a shower of projectiles swept the bridge and decks, filling the ship with ’Span ZjarwU4- ~^ (Heroes and martyrs whom *th<r Ga llon will remember as ‘long as It en-‘ dures.) A dense column of smoke from the bow compartments showed that an in cendiary projectile, such as the law of God and man prohibits, had set fire to the cruiser. The ship, still keeping up her fire on the enemy, withdrew to ward the arsenal, where she sunk to keep her from falling into the hands of the enemy. The desperation of the men of the Reina Christina was aggravated by the sight of the Castilla, also In a blaze from a use of similar incendiary projectiles. The principal ships of our squadron having thus been put out of commis sion, the Yankee ships, some of them badly crippled by the fire from our ships, and the batteries at Sangby Fort, stood out toward Mairneles and the entrance of the boy, "ceasing their fire, occupying themselves in repair ing injuries until 10 o’clock, when they began a second attempt to complete their work of destruction. In this second attack the fire at the arsenal was extinguished, and they continued to cannonade the gunboats. Now that the ships were in flames, the admiral, Senor Montejo, who had shown his flag as long as there was a vessel afloat, landed, and hostilities ceased. By naval authority the most care ful watch was kept in the river as well as along the coast, to protect the fleet from attack. The gunners of the batteries defend ing Manila and Cavite showed the highest degree of energy and heroism. Every one applauds the. brave artil lerymen who by their calmness and skill did all that was possible with the guns assigned them. The battery that did most harm was the one on Poin't Sanghy, made up of Hcntoria guns. To one of these guns is attributed the harm which turned the Baltimore from the fight. This gun must have greatly annoyed the Yankees, to judge by the efforts they made to silence its fires, following it up until six gunners had been killed and four wounded. Guns were also mounted at the en trance of the bay on Corrigedon and Caballe islands, on Eifraile Rock, on the south shore at Point Restinga, and at Marlneles Punrta Gorda, and Point Lassi on the north shore. The guns on Corrigedor island were of six-inch caliber. Similar guns were mounted o*i the rook and on Point Restinga. The other guns were of mixed batter ies of larger and smaller calibers. Mr. Marshall contributes the follow ing regarding the men who worked below deck during the great battle: Underground savages, as the en gineer's force of a ship is commonly called, went to their stations op the night ot \prll 30 in thd engine and fire room* at 10:30 p. m., not leaving them until 7:30 next morning. What thoughts rushed through the minds of these men far below the scene of open action, battened down in their respect ive compartments In heat, cool and welcome a't 120 degrees, and thankful when the thermometer stopped at 140 degrees, they alone can tell. As one mail very frankly remarked: “If the Spaniards send me to hell, I'm getting a good start here.” Somewhat blunt, but terribly true. Working midst fires, whose glare made the place seem like furnaces manned by imps, the men, clothelcss but for overalls, minus the legs, and thick shoes, to protect their feet from blistering, on the heated decks, toiled on, joking, and silently encouraging one another, almost in another world. Water brought down from decks, as cool ns could be had, quickly turned into steam, yet, on they kept, endur ing in minutes trials and hardships sufficient for many ripe old ages, not knowing what moment a shell would send them to eternity. These men were heroes in the true sense of th > word. The great Talnvage once said: “I finished a very perilous voyage, and when the passengers were leaving the ship. they all thanked the captain, but lafter. 1 remembered that no one 'thought of the engineers and firemen who. down In '-be bottom of the ves sel, were tolling and faithfully doing the work that brought the ship safely through the storm." Take'the engineers and firemen Into your hearts—the largely unseen and unappreciated men—for the work they have done and do. You will And them bright and intelligent, often with great hearts and brains. The grime of their work Is only on the surface and a little water and soap cleans It all away, just as It does the powder and grime of battle on their brothers In other parts of the ship. The croks, making a clear majority of the men detailed to tend the maga zines. and send up the monstrous shells and powder for guns, though sta tioned below, out of sound and hearing of all going on above decks, fared, through their own Ingenuity and push, like i> happy family going to Sunday excursion to Coney Island. At the call to "quarters” early Sunday morn ing each one furnished—as his duties for the m*uent were completed—such part of thE luncheon allotted, sending up sandwiches on top of armor piercers: lime water, which was fa vored with the enemy’s smoke, coming down the hoists, and other luxuries too numerous to mention. To pass away the hours that other wise would have been long with sus pense, the latest popular songs were sung, and old well-worn jokes cracked, keeping tune to the sending up of more powder and shells on deck. All in all, the day passed pleasantly, considering how each sudden shock sounded to those not knowing Hs cause. WORK OF 5-INCH HOWITZERS. • ~ r T: llAvoc Wrought DffiyWTfj-to MabdiS ' Tomb' at dmdurman. The last Issue of the “Proceedings of the Royal Artillery Institution” con tains some very interesting particulars as to the preformances of the 5-inch Howitzers which wrecked the cnahdi’s tomb at Omdurman, this being the firs’, occasion on which high explosives have been fired in actual warfare. These weapons Are a shell weighing fifty pounds, and in those used at Omdur man the bursting charge was four pounds fourteen ounces of lyddite. The new shell now supplied, however, contains nine pounds fifteen ounces of this explosive, and has been proved to still more effectual than Its predeces sor. The latter is 3.2 calibers long, while the new shell is 3.65 calibers in length. In Egypt the gun was “horsed” by eight mules, the weight hauled being forty-five hundredweight, inclusive of two rounds of case over and above the proper equipment of the gun. These mules were fitted with pack twiddles, so that once the guns wore in position the team could be used for bringing up the ammunition, one | mule being able to carry four shells, or two (boxes of cartridges. With this arrangement for transport a good fire could, it is stated, be maintained, even when the ammunition base was as much as two miles from the gun. The cartridge used is loaded with cordite, and the charge can. be varied with great ease. This is often necessary, though it was not done at Omdurman, owing the fact that the direct-action fuse with which the shell is fitted will not act with certainty unless fired at an angle of 10 degrees, the range with the full charge being then 2,000 yards. At Omdurman the ranges varied from 3,200 yards down to 1,250 yards, the former requiring an elevation of 18 de grees and the latter one of 6 degrees, at the shorter range there were some blinds, the shell failing to explode. The new shells are, it was announced, to be fitted with a fuse which bursts on graze. The difficulty in arranging this lies in the safety of the gun at tachment in case of "prematures” in the gun. This difficulty has now, it seems, been surmounted, and the shells will burst on striking horizontal ground after being fired from an eleva tion of 2 degrees only. The fuse actually used at Omdurman, though failing in the respect named, proved in other respects very satisfac tory, and the detachment were able to stand up to the gun wih as much confi dence as if firing common shell. The hole blown in the dome of the mahdi’s tomb by the shells measured twenty feet in height by twelve feet in width, the walls being two and one-half feet thick. Single shells again blew holes through the citadel walls, which were twelve feet to twenty feet high, six feet thick at the bottom and four and one half feet at the top. The gun-boats were able to fire down the main street through one of the holes thus made. In some cases, with walls only one foot thick, the shells got through before bursting. The moral effect then seems to have been very great. The space covered by the fragments of shell in bursting is very large, and General Brackenbury stated that with an 8- inch Howitzer at Okehampton a frag ment of shell, which had burst 2,000 yards away, came bark among the gun detachment. At an experimental firing at Cairo a range party stationed 1.000 yards from the target had to move, being still within the danger zone. The head and base of the shell each break up. It is stated, into four or live fairly large pieces, while the wall.- fly into much smaller fragments. Against unsheltered men a battery of fifteen pound field guns firing shrapnel is, it Is stated, more effective than a battery of these Howitzers, but the latter are much superior when the men are be hind cover, which shrapnel is unable to search out. Lyddite has now been fired from gun3 of as much as ten inches in diameter, and the fuse adopted is so safe that even, with black powder as thepropellanttherehasnever been a “premature.”—Engineering. At Eau Claire Dr. Parker, In the inquest on the body of A. G. Coon, who was killed by lightning on the street, during the storm last week, said: “The lightning went through his umbrella, tearing it, struck him on the head, and ruptured some blood vessels of the nose. He was running south on the sidewalk, and the lightning struck him after it struck the tree. He had a metal cravat holder on his col lar band. The metal was heated to such a degree as to burn the skin. His watch chain was partially metted and burned the cloth of the vest. The watch, however, was still running. AH the hair on the man’s body below the neck was burned off. The lightning seemed to make Its exit through the right foot, the shoe on which was torn." At the ttme Mr. Coon was killed, Harry Gorton, a young son of Joseph Gorton, was driving on First avenue and wa: opposite the tree. The horse being gentle, did not jump. The boy’s face looked as if he had been powder burned. MR. HOGU’S BEARD. Why It No Longer Adorns His Moon like Countenanoe. When James S. Hogg, formerly gov ernor of Texas, lumbered into town last week and went to the Waldorf- Astoria, his friends hardly knew him. He was just as big, just as breezy, just as open-hearted and companionable as usual, but there was a change. His talk was like that of old time, In that It was full of jovial observations and punctuated with quaint western idioms. The change was in his facial adorn ment. The governor, as every one calls him —and he is known by hardly any (Jther name—formerly wore a jgKT’faee "and completely concesurfl-*tha*SittMing good humor that is marked in every line around his mouth. It was a wild, erratic sort of a beard, and seemed to be governed by no law. Now he Is clean shaven, and his face beams like a full, round moon, and his eyes twinkle with merriment. How he came to part with his beard is an inter esting story. After long neglect the governor one day decided that he would have his beard trimmed. To quote his own words, he "ambled into the finest ton sorial place” he could find. He told the barber that he wanted to have his beard trimmed. This barber was a Frenchman and spoke little English. The governor made him understand what he wanted more by signs than words. He said afterward that he was an idiot to trust a barber who couldn’t speak English, but in this case he d'd. He climbed heavily into the cb ir, stretched out his bulky frame, and promptly went to sleep. The barber clipped and nipped and the scissors sang a lullaby that made the governor slumber all the sounder. When he woke up the barber was grinning and smirking and pointing with pride to his handiwork. The governor gave one look in the glass and gasped with astonishment The barber had taken his beard and trimmed it in the latest Parisian fashion, with a fine, sharp point and with ail the details of a Parisian dandy. The governor thun dered his anger, but the poor barber did not understand. The damage was done however, and there was not get ting around it. All that could be done was to shave his face clean, and he has dispensed with a beard ever since. Despite the fact that Mr. Hogg is a democrat, believes in free silver, and is a follower of William J. Bryan, he is something of an epicure and likes to live well. “I stay at tne Waldorf-As toria,” he said, “because I like it there, and I can afford to. I have done hard work in my life, and I believe .that every one should get all the good he can out of the world.” —New York Times. THE FILIPINO SCHOOLBOY. His Knowledge of the United States Is Very Limited. It has t>een frequently remarked that the Filipinos could have no conception of the extent and resources of the Uni ted States, or they never would have been deceived into the hallucination that they could successfully combat us. In going through their school here, I found a little manuscript volume in which, in less than a hundred manu script pages, was comprised all of syn tax and geography that was taught the children here. And it must be remem bered that Malolos, before the insur rection, was an important city in this part of the world, and one where the children would be expected to receive the average education. Turning to one of the pages in this book that I picked up, I found the United States of America discoursed upon, immedi ately after Nlgricia, and just before Mexico. Here is the entire lot of in formation given as to the United States, in the form of questions and an swers: “Where is this country (the United States) situated? In North America. “What are its boundaries? To the north, British America; to the east, the Alantic ocean and the Bahama chan nel; to the south, the Strait of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico, and to the west, Mexico and the Grande (Paci fic) ocean. "What is the form of government? It is a federal republic. “Of what is this republic composed? Of forty different states. ’“What are its rivers and mountains? The most notable rivers are the Mis isipl (literal spelling), the Niagara, the Missorl (again the literal spelling), the Colorado, and the St. L<awrenee, and the principal mountains are the Cum berland and Rockies. “What is the capital? Washington: but the most Important city is New York. "Protestantism prevalis, but there are Catholic archbishops.” And this is the sum total of what the average Filipino boy has been taught about our rather considerable and somewhat prosperous country.— LeMie’s Weekly. SOME SENSATIONAL METHODS. Tho evangelistic band of the Chris tian Endeavor Society met at the Cen tral Presbyterian church, in Detroit and was given instruction in the work by Rev. H. B. Glbet of Springfield. Mass..who has become famous in the east for success in evangelistic work. Some of Mr. Gibet’s instructions are brought to hand by the Detroit Journal and are reprinted here for those who are interested In the sen sational methods. Said Mr. Glbett: there'll be some noise around where the crowd is likely to be, but If you want quiet go to the cemetery. Get above your audience. Stand on a beer keg or a soap box. In Boaton they gave me a title. They called me the S. B. D. D.—Soap Box Devil Dr ver, I get upon a beer keg end tell the crowd I’d rather have it under my feet than going in this wa.,, and getting into my feet this way, said the evan gelist, tipping across the platfornf. That gets the crowd with.,you. Look out for interruptiqrnrand steer clear of them. If you see. a dog com ing down the road to meet another dog, don’t ever think you can stand up against a dog fight. Stop your speech too. Avoid argument. A fellow asked me once where Cain got his wife. 1 told him that fellows got into trouble before now by concerning themselves with other -tfifn’s wives bet ter let the subject alone. “A good wife is of the Lord” the Bible says, and you get right with the Lord and the other matter’ll take care of itself. Hand out tracts at the close, only don’t call ’em tracts, and don’t get those handbill tracts that were printed centuries ago. My tracts are called “Put the Baby to Bed Early,” every man with a baby wants to read it; “Black Crook,” "And the Barber Kept on Shaving.” They’ll read things like that. When I go to the horse races to do evangelistic work I do something like this: And Rev. Mr. Gibet whisked a pack of cards out of his grip and shuf fled them into shape, suspiciously un like a Christian Endeavor delegate, rattled off a good imitation of gamblers jargon, and with a skilful hand he threw the cards out into the audience. They were discovered to be good im itations of playing cards on the back, with a few pointed gospel messages on the other side. There are doubtless many people who will question whether this is in “good taste”, but Mr. Gibbett says that “good taste” can’t always be relied on to induce a man to think about his soul’s salvation. REAL THING IN CYCLONES. “Now the people back this way may think it something wonderful that big safes were blown about like toy bal loons during that Wisconsin cyclone,” said the veracious Kansan with the inquiring eye, to the Washington Post, “but bless their simple souls, that’s nothing at all to thel shines cut up by cyclones out in Kansas! D’je ever see a tree with feathers on it, in stead of leaves? Nope? Well, I did. Did they grow on the tree? I guess not. They were put there by a cyclone. Happened in Emporia ’bout six years ago this summer. The tree, a big maple, in my front yard. I had several hundred chickens and geese in my yard when this pea-green, funnel shaped cloud came prancing along and dipped right in front of my house. The wind struck the chick ens and geese so suddenly that it just ripped all the feathers right off them. At the same time it tore all the leaves off the branches of the maple trees. The feathers were picked up and druv right through the air with such force that when they struck the maple tree, as ’bout a billion of ’em did, the quills went ’bout half way through the trunk and branches, so that when me and my family came out of the cyclone cellar we had to just open our eyes to see a seventy-foot tree covered over with feathers so thick that you couldn’t see the wood of any part of it. That same cyclone eat up all the ground and masonry around my 185-foot well. Just as this hap pened , a whirlwind came along, as a sort of a sideshow to the big blow, and for an hour it just hung over that well, holding the water up straight and spin ning it around. W’hen the whirlwind passed on, the well broke and flooded my place. That’s nothing, either, to a cyclone they had in Leavenworth in the early eighties. Just to show you the force of the wind, about fifty men were working at the bottom of a coal mine, about 893 feet under the Mis souri river. The wind blew so hard over the top of the shaft that it just sucked the whole bunch of ’em to the surface and then dropped ’em Into the Missouri. They weren’t hurt, outside of the wetting.” GOOD ONES. Max O’Rell relates that while he was teaching in an English school a lady wrote to the head master: “Dear Sir— It is our intention to piace our boy under your care, but before doing so we would like to know what the so cial standard of your school is.” To which the head master replied: “Dear Madam—So long as your boy behaves himself and his fees are paid regularly, no inquiry will about his an tecedents.” A wildly turbulent peasant was once a witness in a trial before Chief Baron O'Grady. The counsel, arfter pestering him for some|time, asked him a ques tion which reflected on the witness’ character. “If ye ask me that again I’ll give ye a kick in the gob!" was the answer. The counsel appealed to the court, stating that an answer was necessary to his client’s case, ending up with this query: “What would your lordship advise me to do?” “If you are resolved to repeat the ques tion it would be better for you to move a-little from the witness.” lAbouchere tells an amusing storv of how he did a good turn for a leg* friend, who, although accustomed th* address juries and judges, was afraid of the house of commons. “One dav, walking home with him,” says La bouchere, “I told him he should get over this curious dread. A matter was coming under discussion: which in volved a good deal of law. I said to him: ‘lf you like, 1 \ up and you ninst jeer at me. ' I tvilt complal* of ttdfTand suggest thatjas you are an eminent lawyer you should express your objections articularly. Then yeu —having prepared your speech—must get up and crush me.’ This was ar range 1. When I laid dowrisitße law, he laughed. I looked indignant. I ‘went on; he uttered sarcastic ‘Hear, bear’s.’ On tois I protested, sat down, and invited him to Teply to me. H%got up and made an excellent speech.” WHAT SPAIN HAS DOST. Trade With Former Colonies Was $40,- 000,000 a Year. i fll'na porto Fttco, a.nd-the Philippines affurded.'ar market for over $407000,000 worth of Spanish goods per annum, ac cording to a statement of the British consul at Barcelona, just Mceived.hy the treasury bureau of statiSlcs. Abeut three-fourth of this amount was in manufactured goods and considerably more than one-half of this market*was that of Cuba alone. According to the statement whigh Consul Roberts sends to Britfeh I foreign office, dated June the exports of Spain to Cuba in 1896 amounted to 134,461,675 pesetas; to Porto Rico, 37,660,800 pesetas, ad to the Philippines, pesetas, making a total of 210,480,241 pesetas, or, accepting the value of the peseta at 20 cents, $42,096,048. Of the 134,461,- 675 pesetas worth of goods exported to Cuba in 1896, 82,652,093 pesetas, according to Consul Roberts, consisted of manufactures, 50,850,556 pesetas in provisions and 959,026 pesetas in raw materials. Of the 37,660,809 pesetas worth of goods exported from Spain to Porto Rico in 1896, 29,107,977 pesetas was manufactured goods, 8,401,501 pesetas provisions and 151,321 pesetas raw ma terials. Of the 38,357,757 pesetas worth of goods exported from Spain to the Philippines, 34,250,892 pesetas was manufactures, 4,070,557 pesetas provi sions and 36,308 pesetas raw materials. Of the 210,480,241 pesetas worth of goods exported from Spain to Cuba. Porto Rico and the Philippines in 1896, 146,010,962 peseta* was manufactures, 63,322,624 pesetas provisions and 1,146,- 655 pesetas raw materials. To this market for $42,000,000 worth of Spanish produce which the three colonies supplied, Consul Roberts adds 23,000,000 pesetas, or $4,600,000, for money paid to the Spanish steamship companies for the carrying trade to and from the colonies. The imports into Spain from the colonies, he says, amounted in 1896 to 260,877 tons from Cuba, 26,071 tons from Porto Rico, and 40,985 tons from the Philippines. He computes that the amount paid in freight amounted in the commerce with Cuba to 7,826,310 pesetas; Porto Rico, 782,130 pesetas, and the Philip pines, 2,254,175 pesetas, a total of 10,- 862,615 pesetas. If to this be addedL the value of passage money to anffi from the colonies, putting it at the* low average of 250 pesetas a head, iti shows a further 13,900,000 pesetas annum, giving a total of 23,000,000 pe-fe setas paid in freight and passage, money yearly to the steamship com-** panies for the carrying trade to and * from the colonies. Consul Roberts expresses the opin ion that Spanish manufacturers and dealers are not going to give up the markets of Cuba, Porto Rico and the Philippines without a struggle. He also intimates that other nationalities have in the past participated in the so-called Spanish trade with these islands by locating in Spain and thus getting the advantage of low tariff rates into the islands which was orig inally given to commerce originating in Spain. On this subject he says: “In the year 1892 the Spanish cus toms tariff on manufactured goods was very considerably increased with the view of virtually giving a monopoly to goods manufactured here for exporta tion to the colonies; this, of course, gave an enormous impetus to manufac facture in this province, factories in creased largely in number and the Catalan manufacturers grsw rapidly rich. The only way in which foreign ers who had good clients in the colo nies could meet this competition and retain their markets was fey starting factories in this country, the goodfc® thus manufactured in the terlng the Spanish colonies vpirf" % \J same terms as those of the Spani; ] manufacturers, whereas if shipped from England or elsewhere the prohib itive duty rendered competition im possible; or by having a resident agent in this city who, purchasing from the Catalan manufacturers, exported the merchandise from here free of duty.” LIGHT FADES SOME BIRD’S EGGS “The beautiful and delicate shades on the eggs of birds are not very fast, especially if they belong to the lighter class of colors,” remarked an ornithol ogist to the writer. "In many in stances some of the finest and most characteristic tints of eggs disappear almost entirely on exposure to light. A common example is the beautiful pale blue of the starling’s egg, which on exposure to the sunli-ht for a few days, loses its clear blueness of tone and becomes purpler, approaching more to a slate tint. Such is also the case with most of the greenish blue eggs, like those of many sea birds, tlie common guillements, for instance, the beauty of which largely depends on the clear freshness of ds blue tilts. It Is, wise for egg collectors to £ Ae glas3 cases containing all cVypeciraens carefully covered up w?te..Tiot being inspected, otherwise much of the beauty of tint will be lost In the course of time.”—Washington Evening Star. Miss Julia Dent Grant’s wedding wJll take place Sept. t>3.