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PHILIPPINE NATIVE WEAPONS.
A Museun of Curios at- Manila Col lected by the Spanish. There is located in Manila a place that is the Mecca and delight of relic hunters. Ifccintains everything con- H shape of crude weapons and is the one spot in the ■s of semi-civi>k,aGon, I show genius in the >n has been accumulat wo centuries, and there t not represented by the arms typical of the tribe from which they came. When a tribe was con quered its munitions of war were seized and brought to this junk-room for safe keeping. Perhaps the weapons universally used throughout the archipelago are the bolo and machete. There is a big awkward machite that looks ugly —a weapon that is largely utilized among the natives not only for fight ing but for cutting cane, etc. With it or the bolo a native can cut r.afflelent bamboo to build his caso cr perform any kind of architectural feat. He is handy with it, and ia a dangerous enemy at close quarters. There is possibly 50 different kinds of knives included in the collection. Some are more fancy than others and are in cased in handsome leather sheaths. Those were usually worn by officers and are not so large or formidable as the bolos that the rank and file car ried. Perhaps the most interesting collec tion in the budding is the bamboo and gaspipe canno. made in imitation of the of the Europeans. It is not likeijßhat they ever did much damage to their oppressors with those englr oß war, for they appear to be capafb' o qf a o i ng more execution to thos® operating them than to the el j.ny. kind made from one- pipe, strongly se in of wood in a crude m^Bj lp ..Sotne were bound with raaßp cords. It is not possible that the inventor ever intended that there should be any recoil, and consequently it was difficult for them to secure gun ners, as that honorable position in the rebel artillery must have been very dangerous and unpleasant. There are some cannon made entire ly of bamboo. The wood is bound to gether by iron, in some instances, and if this was not available, wooden bands made out of bamboo or rattan were used. The sizes of those can nons run all the way from two to six inches. Then comes the lava cannon balls used. They are made of the lava of volcanoes, and when not available, stones circular shape were used. There are none of them that would cause much commotion among the tnemy, but they represent the crude attempt of a people to combat the modrn methods of their oppres sors. The stands and shelves are lined with every kind of old-fashioned flint lock used in eariy days by the Sani ards, and afterward fell into the hands of the natives. There are also many imitations of those, among which is that of the flint. Instead of using flint, the improved gun of the natives had a small piece of grioved bamboo. By forcing a pointed stick made of bamboo up and down this groove, like the American Indians’ method with pieces of fir, sparks will fly and com municate to the pan where the prim ing lays. The barrels of the guns made by the natives were composed of gaspipe, and the woodwork was very crude. The sabers and swords in the collec tion are all well tempered, although the most of them are poorly finished. There are quite a number of old Spanish swords which they came by as they came by everything that is useless. The spears are all of the same make and are possibly the most unique and creditable that the islands produce. They are highly finished, the wood used being ebony. The iron prongs are polished and have a very striking ap pearance. The poles are about six feet long and it is said that the war riors could use those weapons very dexterously. The blow gun of the mountain tribes finds a small place in the col lection. There was a large collection at one time, but the demand for them was so great that they soon disap peared. There io also in the collection a number of models that belonged to the office of patients, that represent the crud attempts of the natives to in roduce labor-saving machines. There is he model of a rice grinder that is and it is said that the maflr is now in use in some parts of the iinand. The other models are im provements on derricks, cane grinders and a for working iron. They are a4l somewhat unique and in teresting as they represent attempts made by aWe two cnturies behind the times to better their condition.— Mamia Freedom. MILITARISM AND PUBLIC MORALS. The degradation 'll character due to militarism take.* many forms. There is the vicious ethics Of war carried into social and industrial life. The deceit and fraud, more common in militant There Mb H m- B less so a*e iheir mercenary marriages. Among the rank and file occur those illegitimate unions common to every garrison (own.- Among the toilers the same evil prevails. Militarism acts di rectly and indirectly to make tnem un willing to assume the responsibilities of marriage. How serious this evil has become may be gathered from hhe report of Dr. Hirsdherberg, of Berlin. In that city alone in 1897, 8,000 victims of these Arbeiter-Ehen, as they are called, who had been deserted by their companions, appealed foj public re lief. In 1895 the number reached 12,000. But Berlin is not the only capital thronging with these unfortu nates. They crowd the dark corners of the cities of all the militant coun tries of Europe.—Scribner’s. THE STREET'S OF PEKING. A paper on the-fetreets of Peking is contributed by Eliza R. Skidmore to the Century, with pictures by Harry Fenn and W. H. Drake from photo graphk Peking is the most incredible, impos sible, anomalous, and surprising place in the world; the most splendid, spec tacular, picturesque, and interesting city in China; a Central Asian city of the far past; a fortified capital of the thirteenth century handed down in tact. Peking is the capital of all China, yet what interests and piques one most, gives Peking its own mdi aqi 9JB ‘eaiduia jo senp aeq;o moaj vidual character, and distinguishes it things that are not Chinese, the con trasts and the contradictions. Peking is by rfist intention a permanent Tutar encampment, a fortified garrison of nomad bannermen surrounding Pat ching, the northern palace of the con quering khan of khans. The Tartar ruler of four hundred millions of sub ject Chinese is closely eurrounded by his faithful Manchu clansmen from be yond the Great Wall, who scorn and hate and secretly fear the masses of Chinese more than any outer enemy; who have thrown themselves into the arms of Russia through fear of the Chinese; who have bargained that Russia shall send soldiers to their aid when needed; who have held back and turned back the wheels of progress, with a certain prescience that the new order would relagate them to poverty and extinction. Every Manchu is borne on the rolls as a bannerman, and receives his stipend, even if he never bends a bow or hurls a stone in mili tary drill. But the Manchu banner men are no longer the fierce warriors their ancestors w ere, nor their khan even a hardy huntsman like the early Manchu emperors. There had been three cities there before Kublai Khan did his “stately pleasure—dome decree,” and So twice five miles of fertile ground With walls and towers were girdled round. to make the splendid capital Marco Polo first described. The plan, the palaces, the walls, all date from Mon gol times, the thirteenth century. Then some quaint military custome of the middle ages are ouserved. The soldiers are drilled in archeiy and quoits, and the nine city gat* are clanged to at sunset, shutting Chinese subjects out in a separate city by themselves, as if their 'onuqest were just accomplished. HAM-SELLING AS A BUSINESS. To the long list of curious find un usual occupations by which men live, the Kansas City Star adds that of the “ham-smeller” in a packltife-house. His duty is to inspect meat '.products trier and his nose. He stands in a ♦rrel to keep his clothes from being bv.ied by the dripping brine, and the hams are brought to him by workmen. A ham is laid before him, and he plunges his sharp-pointed <rier into It, withdraws it and passes it swiftly be neath his nose. The trier always goe down to the knuckle-joint. In test ing meat in that manner the man with the <rier judges by the slightest shade of difference between the smell of one pice of and another. The smell of the meat Is almost universally sweet, and that is what he smells; the slightest deviation from the sweet smell is therefore appreciable. It is not the degree of taint that he expects to find, but the slightest odor that is not sweet. When he detects an odor he throws the meat aside, and if it is not unwholesome it is sold as "re jected” meat, but if it is tainted it goes to the rendering tank. The ham tester smells meat from 7 o’clock in the morning until 5 o’clock at night, and his sense must never become jaded or inexact, or his usefulness would be at an end. Ham-testing is not a pursuit dangerous to the health, as tea-tasting is supposed to be, but the ham-smeller with a cold in his head is like a piano-player who loses his arm in a railroad wreck. SCENERY AMONG TE ANDES. Hezekiah Butterworth conTHniKes to the National magazine for August an interesting account of his Journey through the Argentine republic. In writing of the trip across the Andes, he says: “The scenery in crossing from one ocean <o the other is indesenoabiy grand, especially in me mountains, were covered with snow, and ft lay so smooth that as the brilliant moon light fell upon It the mountains looked dazzling white or absolutely black. Then, although we were 13,000 feet above the sea, the extinct volcano of Tupungato rises above that as much higher as does Mt. Washington from the surrounding country. men, too, Aconcagua which can be seen by an other route a little further to the north of one I crossed by, is 23,000 feet high, or as high as Mt. Blanc and ML Washington together.” *. FOOETKT SBELLING. Inquirers Want to Know What Cer tain Words Mean. Since the publication in The Chi cago phronicle of the definitions of certain slang words and phrases and an exposition of their use by the mas ters of English literature so many re quests have poured in from Wellesley, Ferry Hall al Evanston and other ladiefe’ seminaries for a supplementary dictionary, inclosing several words and phrases which puzzled the fair correspondents, that the following 'brief addendum to the dictionary is presented. It would appear that the spread of highly expressive slang is very rapid in institutions of learning and the use of phrases which, while obscure at first hearing, are full of meaning to the initiated, is far more common than some of the learned pro fessors are aware. The attempts of Superintendent Andrews to simplify spelling by adopt ing to a certain extent *he fonetlc system have been met with a ready response by teachers and pupils alike and there is reason to believe that a broadening of the idea to include the use of such slang phrases as are ex pressive to a high degree is not among the impossibilities. A. ALL OUT, adj. Tired; the condition of being broke or winded; unable to get up before the count of ten; Mal achyed. B. BAT, n. A state of inebriety lasting several days; a good one. (b.) A blow administered with the clenched fist. Six rogues in buchram—each one did I bat. BALL, n. A drink made with ice, seltzer and other materials. The trumpets are sounding from castle and hall And gayly each henebman is copping a ‘ball. —Tennyson. BITE, v. i. To accept as truth a fic titious story; to stand for the bull con. BREAK, n. An ,nopportune re mark, tending to the embarrassment of some listener. Across the fields their pensive way they take, ' Silent and fearful lest they make a break. —Pope. C. CINCH, n. A certainty; a horse that cannot lose the third race; a job in the hall. All day he struggled, yielding inch by inch, And grimly muttered; ’S death! this is no cinch. —Scott. CREEPERS, n. Rubber shoes or rubber heels affected by porch climbers and second-story workers to facilitate their labors. CHOP, v. i. To quit; to cease work or any other disagreeable task. To chop or not to chop? That is the question. Shak. D. DUCAT, n. A ticket of admission to a race track or other inclosure; the goods to get by the boy on the gate. DAFFY, adj. Not of sound mind; nanny; a little to the bad in the gar ret. And the loud laugh that tips the daffy guy. Goldsmith. F. FROST, n. A theatrical production which receives scant favor; a turn down; the delivery of the cracked ice. When other lips and other hearts To you but a trc.it. Moore. FAKE, n. A twenty-round fight end ing in a draw; anything not genuine; a phony; a cablegram quoting Ad miral Dewey on international ques tions. Fake! Fake! Fake! In cold pray dawn, Oh, see! And I know that my tongue ne’er uttered The things they ascribe to me. Dewey. G. GEEZER, n. Anyone described in a conversation. Syn., “guy.” GAZABO, n. A descriptive term ap plied to mankind generally; a hobo. Here rests his head upon the lap of earth A poor gazabo who was always broke. —Gray. GOOD THING, n. A horse that will open at 6 to 1, go to 20 to 1 at the post and finish a bad last; any easy source of money; a mark. The lark is up to meet the sun, the bee is on the wing. And out to Harlem I must run. for I have a good thing. Old Rhyme. GRAFT, n. A calling which brings in money without great physical effort; the introduction of farmers to seduc tive games of chance. The skipper blew a whiff from his pipe and a scornful laugh he laughed, ‘“Just tell the police to con e,” said he ( “it’s each man to bis graft.” Idylls of the Ivanhoe. KICK, n. A pocket; any place of con cealment for money or valuables. Dig deep while sluggards sleep And in your kick the coin you’ll keep. Franklin. KILLING, n. Gathering in much coin from bookmakers; getting the soft down on a horse at a long price. KIP, v. i. To sleep; to give the pad a game; to put the alarm clock out of business. To die—to kip. To kip—perhaps to dream — Ah, there’s the game. Shak. L. LIFT, v. t To take surreptitiously; to cop; vulgarly, to “steal.” As some tall gun who lifts a bunch of lace, Sneaks for the door and straightway Reaves the place. Goldsmith. n. A Ijat; any head covering. Syn., “bonnet,” skypiece.” LIT UP, adj. Attired in a gorgeous manner; decked out with the glad rags. 4 “Hold!” cried Khorhassan, “ere we start to sup.- Just tell me why you’re all lit up.” Moore. M. MAIN STEM, n. The principal per sonage in a city or assemblage, the works. Syn., Jim Jeffries, Mark Hannah, the prince of Wales. Lives of great men still remind us We can’t al! be the main stem. Longfellow. MOP, v. t. To drink up i In large quantities as beer, water or other fluid; to dispose of by drinking. Thus does the fool break loose on Sun day night And try to mop in everything in sight. Pope. It. RINGER, n. Oue who takes another’s place; (b) one who bears a remark able resemhlance to another; a double. I am but a humble ringer, Curfew shall not ring tonight. Ruskin. P. PIPE, v. 1. To take notice; to rubber, b. An exclamation of warning intended to direct the attention. Angels and ministers of grace defend us. Pipe! where it comes again! Shak. PACKAGE, n. A gathering of joyful mixtures which cause temporary lo comotor ataxia; a jag; a bunch of the Willies. The landlady an’ Tam grew gracious Until his package was a peach. Burns. N. NIT, adv. A word of negation. Syn., “Nix.” b. A worthless fellow; one who hasn't got the change in his clothes; a lobster. Yet Brutus says that Caesar was a nit. Shak. NEXT, adj. Having an understand ing of what is going forward; wise; hep to the game. Robert of Sicily slowly read the text, Then raised his head and murmured, “I am next.” Longfellow. S. SLEEPERS, n. Money left on the bar by careless customers; checks un claimed on a roulette table and cop ped by wise boys. STEM, n. The bamboo pipe used by opium smokers. STEM TALK, n. Conversation of a fanciful nature seemingly inspired by a long dally with the dope. STAND FOR, v. i. To allow; to ac cept without comment. "This is more than I can stand for," Quoth the raven; “Cut it out!” Poe. ANTS THAT CARRY UMBRELLAS. Of all the insects in South America the umbrella ants are the most curious and interesting. They are also called wee-wees. They throw up great mounds of earth along the forest paths, and from the mounds radiate well-beaten roads four or five inches wide, running in all directions. The umbrella ants, when they build near a garden, give rise to the question which is to survive —themselves or the garden—for they will eat up the plants. They will strip a good-sized orange tree in a night and carry off the spoil cut in thumb-nail pieces, which they store up in their homes.. It was necessary, in one instance, to remove a mound of the umbrella ants’ building, and 250 cubic yards of earth had to be dug before the task was accomplished. The ants have four classes —queens, driv ers, workers and builders. When once they have made up their minds to strip a certain tree nothing but death will stop them. A faint Idea of the numbers of ants in a hill can be gained from the statement that one of their paths to a tree, nearly half a mile long, will be thronged with the multi tudes carrying their umbrella-llke liads above their heads, while thous ands upon thousands are swarming in the doomed tree. If caught in the rain they drop their loads and scurry home, for they hate water.—Perason’s Weekly. JAPANESE SUICIDES. Japanese public authorities are wor ried over the increase in Die number of suicides. Most of them seemed to be caused by love, and the simultane ous suicide of two lovers parental in terference or want of money is becom ing frequent. There has been an ave rage of thre fuch eass a week in Yoko hama alone during the last most popular plan of exit is for the couple to tie themselves together, and, leaping into the sea or river, die in each other’s arms. Suicide has al ways been regarded in Japan as a justifiable way of avoiding trouble, nnd Japanese romances contain many such instance*.—Chicago Tribune. LUXURIES AND NECESSITIES i ' He wanted a straw hat for his son. Ten cenis was the price he wanted to pay. The merchant showed him a hat priced At l.s cent*. “I can buy a car load or them at 10 cents each.” “You can beet ns,” said the merchant as he pitched It back into the box. The man went out, followed by an almost bare-headed boy wearing a disappoint ed look. V An hour later that same man weni to a place where drink is sold, pal* ten cents for an ounce of whispy and did not beat down the barkeepA - one cent. The boy still needs p lat.—Sandwich Argus. TUBERCULOSIS AND DIET. Shown Meat Eating is Not Conducive to Consumption. Curious facta noted In London zoo logical gardens seem to bear hard against the theories of the belie ers in a vegetable diet for human beings. They are still more opposed to the growing belief that tuberculosis, com monly called consumption, is a scourge foetered largely by the use of milk and beef for food. It has been found that alxiut 25 per cent, of all the birds and animals that die in the famous Regent Park "Zoo’*’ perish from tubereukais. That is a proportion twice as g>mt as the aver age for human beings, though it is not much in excess of the ratio for man when allowance 1s made for deaths in infancy and early youth. In many parts of the world .uout one adult in every four dies of tuberculosis, direct ly or indirectly. The animals differ greatly, however, in their liability to this scourge. Rep tiles are practically exempt. Their low temperature seems fatal to the germs of tuberculosis. The mammals show a very large per cent of all deaths as the result of this one disease. Birds are also much affected. In lx>th the great clases the .neat eaters are far less likely to tuberculosis than the vegetarians. Among the mammals that eat only vegetable food, like monkeys, ante lopes, deer and kangaroos, tuberculosis causes 26 •'er cent, of the deaths. Among flhe meat-eating beasts, such as lions, wolves, leopards and wildcats, the loss from tuberculosis is only about 3 per cent of the whole death rate. The grain-eating birds lost by tuberculosis is 30 per cent of all that die. The meat-eating eagles, owls, vultures and other birds of prey suffer only 11 per cent, of their total loss as the work of this terrible destroyer. These contrasts are certainly impres ! sive. They are calculated to offset a I good many of the ills attributed to a i diet consisting in large part of flesh, and they will surely trouble the believ ers in the theory that consumption is spread greatly by the use of beef pro j ducts as food. The tests in the little animal world of the London zoo agTee pretty well with certain broad facts in human experience. Consumption greatly disappears in Iceland and among the Eskimos everywhere. There only flesh is eaten, broadly speaking. The scourge of tuberculosis is rare among the nomad tribes of central Asia. It is not common with the Arabs of the desert. In both cases animal food is the chief dependence of ! the tribes. These are facts seeming to point somewhat in the other direction, but j the balance of evidence appears to be in favor of the belief that free eating [of meat and much open air living are good defenses against consumption.— ! Cleveland I,coder. ! the devil looked AFTER HIS, own; A negro in A1 ihama had a qunrrM with a white man who in the end pounded him unmercifully with a club. To get even on the score and set one notch over for good measure, the negro soon afterwards burned the white man’s home; whereupon all the neigh borhood of whites rose as one person and went gunning for Buck, the fire bug, and fh a lonely wood shot him, so that he lay spread out as flat, limp, and as full of holes as a flsh-net. There they left him. A month later another house was burned. The cul prit was tracked from the embers to a distant cabin, where he was cap tured. Everybody’s eyes grew large of a sudden and stared widly; every body’s under jaw sagged like a fool's for it was Buck they had in hand. He was yet sore enough of his many wounds, but vigorous and lively. When confronted by his accusers, the leader of whom was bis old enemy, Buck confessed and begged for mercy. His plea did not find favor in the mob's mind; it was thought safer to hang him and add a few more bullet holes to the many already troubling him, which was forthwith done. Dur ing the process of hauling him on high there was a merry fusillade, and just as he reached the extreme altitude, with the pistol-balls raising a great dust out of his baggy garments, on<- missile hit the rope at his neck, and snip! down he came. His sudden descent took the crowd by surprise; but the further fact that he "struck the ground a-runnln’;” as the man who told me expressed it, actually dazed thorn. In Short, Buck <-scaped by plunging Into a dense wood, and could not be found again, although the search lasted for nearly a week night and day. Five years later a man who anew Buck well dropped into a hardware store In Nashville, Tenn essee, and while transacting some business chanced to catch a familiar ray from the grinning face of the firm's black porter. It was Buck, and ♦he observer held hi* peace, preferring not to renew the old acquaintance Just then.—'Maurice Thompson in Llppln cott's. NOVEL WAY TO DESTROY A CHIM NEY. He*,* is a novel and economical way of destroying m large brick smoke staekT TnffTitaek was 266 feet in height and 21 feet in diameter, and ita removal was accomplished in the fol lowing manner. The brick was re moved from one wide at about three feet from the ground, and the opening thus formed Ailed with built-up wooden blocks between which were packed tar, sawdust and paraffin. This material was then set on fire and caused the chimney to crack and fall within a space that had previously been marked on the ground. Not only was the cost much less than if the brick had been torn down, there was also recovered much mateJ| ial in good condition for future ua^j^| GERMAN ENGLISH PROVERBS^^ All’s veil dot ends veil, but sanw dings iss bedder as veil. v-lien a vonmans schmiles look ondt, " but vhen she cries tool; a,ore oudt A vool may make money, budt id takes a vise man to shpendt id so dot de vools don’t gfc some. A friendt do eiterypody iss a friendt to nopody, budt vhen tie dies he iss apt do haf a pig vunerul. \ lien a man looks vise und he ain’t vise, iber his face is bulldted dot vay or he has gramps in his shtimmlck Peaudty iss budt shkln deep, but it you don’t expeed do eadt it dot is choost so deeb enough as you vandt R. All are nod dthives dot dogs park ad. budt it iss choost as veil do geep an eye on der man vhat a dog don’t like. Der man vot saidt dot a voman iss as oldt as she looks vas nod righdt in his headt. A voman iss more as ten years oldter. “Age iss a madder off veeling, i>odt off years,” says de boet. Eef some beoples veel so bad as dey looks dey moos* haft liffed a good; vhile.— An swers. DEWEY AND HIS YELLOW SHOES. Wore a Pair, and Wouldn't be laugh ed Out of Them. When russet shoes of a bright yellow hue were introduced, Dewey wore the first pair that was seen in Washing ton. They at once became the subject of jest of all the officers of the Navy Department. Early in the afternoon one of Dewey’s feet began to swell, and his suffering from his new shoes was acute. in an interval between the calls of friends who were still “run ning” him on his shoes the Commo dore sought his chief clerk's mom. He walked with a limp, and finally loos ened the strings, to relieve his feet “I suppose I can’t take these things off now,” he remarked with a bitter smile, "for those fellows ’ll think they have driven me to it.” And for hours the Commodore sat at his desk in perfect torture.—October ladies' Home Journal. MEDALS ARE IN DEMAND. Anything That Will Serve as a Me mento Finds Ready Sale. War medals, mostly won at the cost of peril and privation, are pawned by possessore and never redeemed, or are sent to the hammer by needy relatives on the decease of the veterans. It may be here noted that no man on the army activo strength is allowed to pledge his medals. As Is well known, war deco rations that pass by the means stated and otherwise into commerce are eagerly purchased by dealers, who dis pose of thorn to museums, also to pri vate collectors of every grade, from American millionaires to British pub licans. These discs of silver, especially those awarded for modern campaigns, from the Crimean war downward, are oc casionally put by dealers to novel use., By the aid of a blowpipe the insert lion on the edge can be filled with sil ver, when the surface if need be is ready for re-engraving. Doctoring of the name, rank and regiment hy the method mentioned is common in the trade, so It may be that the virtuoso who imagines he possesses a memento of the late gallant General Fitz Car nage, K. C. 8., who distinguished him self at Balaklava, would be shocked If he knew that his pet curio is a fraud and that it belonged to old Tommy Atkins of the Onety-oneth Foot, who pawned It before he retired into the workhouse to die. Again, officers serving or retired sometimes lose their medals, or have them feloniously annexed. Sooner than go through the war office red tape mill to procure duplicates relet tered medals are obtained from dealers. Mendicants get hold of the medals In order to exhibit them to credulous and benevolent folks and thus extract more liberal alms. War decorations are also occasionally sported by ow~ armed or single-legged Organ grinders. Such gentry warrant themselves to be British, and plead for patronage as a matter of national sentiment and as opposed to the claims of the Kuftxon. Mill musical contingent of Invadectk These medal-displaying humbugs are seldom ex-soldlers, far less have they been disabled In active service. They are at times considerably "out" In re spect of a bit of medal ribbon shown. Tor Instance, an organ grinder ot about 25 years of age was observed in llolborn the other day sporting the Crimean and Mutiny ribbons. Sometimes an actor possessed of a passion for realism, who may have to Impersonate on the stage the hero nf 100 fights, invests in real medals with which to cover the breast of n.s tunic. Also genuine war decoratlt ns adorn the uniformed presentments of emi nent warriors in the best-class wax exhibitions throughout the country. A year or two ago a paragraph went the rounds of the papers to the effect that a king of a tribe on the west coast of Africa had a mania for col lecting British war medals, and that a city firm bad a standing order to supply his sable majesty. The klnifc owned a major general’s tunic on' which were sewn—both back and front and from collar to tails—medals and clasps from those of the peninsula and Waterloo downward. This garment the monarch proudly sported on extra special state occasions.—Regiment.