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IN DISMAL SWAMP
INTERESTING TRIP OF A BALTI MORE INSPECTION PARTY. A MARSHY WATERWAY Extensive Work Tfcat Has Been Ac complished in the Last Three Years —Unique Canal —Healthy-Looking Natives Who Inhabit the Country Roundabout. The party of Baltimoreans who made an inspection trip over the recon structed Dismal Swamp canal returned to Baltimore yesterday, sayß the Sun. From Norfolk, where the Baltimore ans were Joined by a number of Nor folk people, the party was taken in the steamer Ocean View up the Elizabeth river to Deep creek, which forms the northern approach to the canal. This as well as the southern approach is to undergo extensive improvement by the national government. The money for th's purpose has been appropriated and the work has been commenced. Al though in their present condition the approaches take care of the canal traf fic, the Improvements are desired be cause of the important development which Is already in sight from the re opening of the canal. Leaving Deep creek the steamer, which was accompanied by the torpedo boat Talbot and the tug Nellie, en tered the northern lock and was raised 12 feet to the canal level. There are only two locks in the canal as recon structed, the other being at the south ern end. The old canal had four locks. Apart from the magnitude of the work executed by the I>ake Drummond Canal and Water company in rebuild ing the canal, the Inspection party was impressed with the character of the country traversed. More than three years were spent in reconstructing the canal, and the cap ital and enterprise of Baltimoreans carried on the work. The work of re construction consisted in widening the canal from 30 feet to 60 feet, lowering the water level 7 feet, making a uni form depth throughout of 10 feet for the entire distance of 22 miles, and In stead of four locks of 17 feet wide, making two locks each 40 feet In width. In this work the most modern ideas of canal practice were adoptod, resulting in giving a waterway Is already looked upon by enginGPrs as a model of Its class. The cannl in Its entire dis tance has only one bend, and this Is so slight as not to Interfere with handling the longest tows. From laike Drummond comes nn un failing supply of water for the canal, and the locks at either end preserve the depth. There is lost at each lock ing about 700,000 gallons of wnter, but the flow from the lake quickly replaces it. In rebuilding the cnnsl the company has provided an Inland waterway which will permit the sending of car goes by bnrges towed by tugs from Pamlico Sound through to New Eng land without breaking bulk. This cheap means of transportation Is ex pected to have a decided effect In pro moting the development of the section. There Is now about 200,000,000 feet of lumber sent from the territory trib utary to the canal. Peanuts, tobacco and early vegetables are among the other supplies sent out, while manu factured products, coal and general store goods form a steadily growing tonnage of the Inbound business. The lowering of the canal level has Induced a number of property owners to start the cutting of ditches tn drain and re claim their Innds. Korie ’y the height of the old canal prohibiten such recla mation. Possibilities In the cultiva tion of early vegetables to be sent to market over the canal has stirred i p interest In agricultural development. The Dismal swamp has long been one of the most noted features of the eastern seabord. Embarking on the Virginia side the counties of Nanse mornl nnd Princess Anne and on the North Carolina side the counties of Oates. Pasquotank. Camden and Cur rituck. this territory has in the pop ular mind been generally regarded ns a morass of appalling gloom. It wns supposed to be Impenetrable anil the home of fever nnd malaria. Deadly serpents and wild beasts, and In former days fugitive slaves, were re garded by many the only occupants of the region. At many places along the canal the Inspection party was greeted by little knots of men. women and children, whose healthy appearance disproved the theory of unhealthfulness. So Im pressed were the party with the gen eral hardiness of the people that many of them were ready to agree with *he late John Doyle O’Reilly, who. after making a canoe trip through the old canal and to lake Drummond, said that the section was intended by nature to be a pleasure ground and health resort. The Junior water which flows from the lake is of wine-llke appearance, and Is drunk by the people as a pre ventive of malaria. Members of the in spection party recalled experiences when on ships some 20 years ago of sending up Deep creek for barrels of this water to take to sea on account of its wholesomeness. At South Mills, near the south end of the canal, is a thriving little vil lage. A cut-off near here makes a di rect line for the Pasquotank river. This stream is followed to Elizabeth City and out into Pamlico sound. It has a wealth of natural beauty and a heavy growth of timber lines its banks for miles. At Elisabeth (Tty Rush I>elgh. city attorney, made an address of wel come to the party, telling of the appre- elation of the people for the work, and predicting that it would revolutionize the commerce of that section. T. S. Garnett, counsel for the canal, replied in happy terms. Practically the whole population turned out to meet the vis itors, and there was general rejoicing when they learned how successful had been the passage through the canal. A luncheon was served and a special train took the party back to Norfolk. The influence of canals on transpor tation was generally discussed among the inspection party. Alexander B’.-own expressed the opin ion of the best posted in saying that canals, as long as they were kept out of politics and out of the hands of com peting railroad interests, were impor tant factors and, properly located, of fered good opportunities as strictly business enterprises. George F. Miles, president of the Florida Coast Line Canal company, agreed with Mr. Brown. Mr. Miles' company is now building a canal that will connect up and open to continuous navigation 560 miles of inland water ways on the east coast of Florida, ex tending from Jacksonville to Key West. The waters to be thus united are the St. John’s, Mantanzas, Halifax and Indian rivers, Worth, Hills boro and New rivers and Biscayne bay. A grant has been made to his com pany of 3,840 acres of land to the mile, so strong is the popular belief in the influence of canals as developing agen cies. The company has completed 60 miles of Its construction, and there re mains but 17 miles more to be built. There Is now an open passage by an inland water route from Jacksonville north to Charleston, S. C. Some easily constructed links would carry the route to the Dismal Swamp canal. Through this canal to the Chesapeake bay Bal timore Is reached, via the Delaware and Chesapeake canal is Philadelphia, arid the Delaware and Taritan canal thence affords an Inland protected waterway to New York. Through Long Island sound the route is ex tended farther north. The passage of the torpedo boat through tho Dismal Swamp canal at tracted attention to the stragetic im portance of Inland waterways to the national government. With an inland route from Now England to the Florida const the terrors of a blockade In case of war with a foreign power would be greatly diminished. Such a waterway would give a passage by water for a class of fighting craft such as torpedo boats to engage any fleet that might blockade an Atlantic port. It would also offer a means fog transporting muni tions of war and troops, as w'ell as general supplies, which might be en dangered should the outside route be taken. THE EARNINGS OE PLAYWRIGHTS. More Than One Drama has Coined Its Author Over SIOO,OOO. Dramatists of established reputation write plays only upon order. Their ordinary prepayments are five hundred dollars upon the delivery of a scenario, and five hundred dollars more upon the completion of a play. “If the fin ished work does not realize expecta tions," writes Franklin Fyles, of The Theatre and Its People, in the Indies' Home Journal, "or if the manager for any oth -r reason does not desire to put it on the stage, the money paid Is forfeited after a certain lapse of time, and the ownership reverts to the author. But if the manager decides to produce the piece the author receives a percentage of the gross receipts, us ually five per cent., payable weekly, after the amount previously advanced has been deducted. Ordinarily it in creases with the amount of money taken in. More than one native drama has earned one hundred thous and dollars for its author. A dozen have yielded fifty thousand dollars each; three times as many, twenty five thousand dollars, and a goodly number, ten thousand dollars.” THE AUDACIOUS KITTEN. "Hurrah!” cried the kitten, "hurrah!” As he merrily sets the sails; “1 sail o'er the ocean today, To look at the Prince of Wales!” "O kitten! O kitten!" I cried, “Why tempt the angry gales?" "I'm going," the kitten replied, "To look at the Prince of Wales!” "1 know what it is to get wet, I've tumbled full oft In pails, And nearly been drowned —and yet I must look at the Prince of Wales!” "O kitten!” I cried, "the Deep Is deeper than many pails!” Said the kitten, "1 shall not sleep Till I've looked at the Prince of Wales!” "O kitten! pause at the brink. And think of the sea-sad tales.” "Ah. yes." said the kitten, "but think, Oh. think of the Prince of Wales!” "But, kitten," I cried, dismayed. "If you live through the angry gales, You know you will be afraid To look at the Prtrnce of Wales.” Said the kitten, "No such thing! Why should he make me wince? If 'a cat may look at a king.' A kitten may look at a prince." Friend —Well, it's a good thing to have the people interested in the issues of the campaign. Politician —Oh. yes! It would never do if everybody was just looking for a Job. Mrs. Bargnne: “Haven't you got a toothache. John ” Mr. Hargane: “No. my dear; why?’ Mrs. Bargane: "O. I am so sorry you have not. I bought anew toothache cure today at a bar gain. and I wanted you to try it."— Jewish Commeflt. MY DOG. Beneath this turf, that formerly he pressed With agile feet, a Dog is laid to rest. Him, as he sleeps, no well-known sound shall stir, The rabbit’s patter or the pheasant's whirr; The keeper’s “Over!”—far, but well de fined, That speeds the startled partridge down the wind; The whistled warning as the winged ones rise Large and more large upon our strain ing eyes, Till with a swoop, while every nerve is tense, l'ne chattering covey hurtles o’er the fence; ’The double crack of every lifted gun; The dinting thud of birds whose course is done, These sounds, that to his listening ear were dear, He heeds no longer, for he cannot hear. None stancher, till the drive was done, defied Temptation, rooted to his master’s side. None swifter, when his master gave the word, Leapt forth to track the wounded run ning bird, And bore it back —ah, many a time and oft! — His nose as faultless as his mouth was so ft. How consciously, how proudly, uncon cerned Straight to his master’s side he then returned, Wagged a glad tail and deemed himself repaid, As in that master’s hand the bird he lam. If, while a word of praise was duly said, The hand should stroke his smooth and honest head. Through spring and summer, in the sportless days, Cheerful he lived a life of simpler ways; Chose, since official dogs at times un bend, The household cat for confidant and friend; With children, friendly but untaught to fawn, Romped through the walks and rol licked on the lawn; Rejoiced, if one the frequent ball should throw, To fetch it, scampering gayly to and fro, Content through every change of spor tive mood If one dear voice, one only, called him good. Such was my Dog, who now without my aid Hunts through the shadowland himself a shade; Or, couched intent before some ghostly gate, Waits for my step, as here he used to wait. —Punch. MINING IN THE TRANSVaAI,. Plan to Go As Deep As the Heat Will Permit. England has been charged with a greed for gain as the power that is pushing what it claims la the Trans vaal. In view of this, the subject of mining, which in the Transvaal is the great industry of wealth, may be of interest to many readers. Mining is carried on in the Transvaal to a depHi that far exceeds our diggings and it is just this particular point that has recently engrossed the attention of scientific heads in South Africa. In July last a paper was read by Mr. John Yates before the South African Association of Engineers, at Johannes burg, that outlined a plan to develop further the mines of the Witwaters rand, in the Transvaal, by sinking the shafts to a depth of twelve thousand feet, and working the rich alriferous beds. In the plan outlined by Mr. Yates, it is proposed to go much be yond the five thousand foot level, down to the point where the temperature of the earth is such that the work can no longer be carried on. He proposes to go below this level by a system of in clines reaching down to the reef. He believes that it will be impossible to go to a greater depth than twelve thou sand feet, because the heat will pre vent men from doing effective work. The Engineering and Mining Journal believes that the mines in this partic ular neighborhood may be carried down to an even greater depth than twelve thousand feet, and suggests fifteen thousand as a possible limit. With the opening of the workings, this paper declares, the temperature would oe ma terially lowered, and the feasibility of forcing an abundant air supply to that depth and circulating it freely seems to be settled. “Should the banket beds of the Wit watersraud maintain their richness over the extent which geologists and mining engineers new attribute to them." says the journal referred to, “we think it is altogether possible that in due tit’e they may be worked to a depth of fifteen thousand feet or more, the determining element being the possibility of conducting work at a profit, and it may safely be assumed that the reductions in cost through improvements in mining, handling and transporting ore. will exceed the neces sary increase in cost due to depth, and that, consequently, it will cost less to mine at ten thousand to fifteen thou sand feet in depth when we get there, than it did at a depth of one thousand of fifteen hundred feet.” But instead of a series of inclines, either one long, unbroken, vertical lift or a series of vertical shafts with land ing stages may be feasible. With the use of an electrical trolley arrange ment it is maintained that a hoist of fifteen thousand feet may be made with as much ease and safety as attend the five thousand foot hoists at the Calu met Hecla and Tamarack mines. Though the Yates plan contemplates an outside limit of one hour in which to lower a shift of men necessary to supply a 400-stamp mill, the vertical lift plan would effect a sensible saving of time in this regard, as well as in the hoisting of ore. If there are no In surmountable engineering difficulties in the way of mining at a depth of fif teen thousand feet, the whole problem resolves itself into the economic one of whether or not the ore at this depth will be rich enough to pay the in creased cost of extracting it. The whole question will soon have to be thoroughly discussed, as the new deep-level workings will have to be be gun soon, if they are to be completed in sufficient time to enable them to keep up the gold output, as the upper sections of original mines are ex hausted. BITS ABOUT PEOPLE. Paderewski’s home is kept continu ally filled with cut flowers, the gifts of his admirers. Mrs. W. K. Vanderbilt, Jr., has set a new fashion at Newport. She does he; own marketing. When one of her friends is sick Mrs. McKinley sends her a basket of flowers daily from the white house conserva tory. One of England’s greatest men died the other day at Macclesfield. His name was Leo Whitton and he weighed 714 pounds. Margaret Deland says she reads eco nomics, history and the newspapers for instruction, and novels only for enter tainment. ’ Who is the weightiest bishop in Christendom? Rt. Rev. Elezar Torre gianni, formerly abbot of the Capuchin monastery in Peckham, South London, now Roman Catholic bishop of Armi dale, in Australia, is probably the man. He scales 2 stone 5 pounds. A parish in his diocese once presented him with a carriage, the bottom of which col lapsed the first time he got into it, leaving him in a somewhat undignified and unepiscopal attitude. WASHING ASPHALT PAVEMENTS. Purpose is to Remove the Slime and Harden Road. Bicyclists who have ridden much on the asphalt streets of German cities say that the tendency to "side-slip” is there much less marked than on simi lar pavements in this country. The explanation of this fact may possibly lie in the statement which is made by the American consul at Breslau that the asphalt streets in that city are regularly washed, t.he purpose of the washing being to remove the slime which the asphalt seems to leave and to keep the street from being slip pery. The washing has the further effect of preserving and hardening the asphalt. The care taken of the asphalt by the city authorities contrast, strongly with the methods usually adopted in the United States. For Instance, the space in front of the con sulate is divided into four squares, which are in charge of one man. After cleaning the street early in the morn ing he wheels out a barrow load of very fine, sharp sand, and scatters it light ly over the streets, to prevent slip ping. Rainy days the process is repeated several times. Once a week the whole street is sluiced and thoroughly wash ed with sprinkling carts. These are followed by ample roller brushes, which sweep the water and slime into the gutter, whence it is carted away. After this the man who has charge of the streets comes along with his wheelbarrow and sand sprinkler. In spring or autumn, when the streets are often sloppy and wet, the washing is done several times during the week. The man in charge of the asphalt pave ment is paid 5 cents an hour, the or dinary street hands receiving 4 cents. Nobody litters up the street or puts sweepings on the pavement. There is a box kept for these. Wire baskets are fastened on lamp-posts, against houses, fences or trees, in which the public may throw waste paper while walking along. The citizens are very P>oud of their clean and sweet-smell ing streets, and the householders have to sweep to the center of the street in front of their sidewalks every morning before 6 o’clock. The litter is piled up, and soon the city teams cart it away—Boston Transcript. MUNICIPAL CARE OF TREES. The department of forestry of the city of Springfield, Mass., has shown commendable energy in the protection of trees along streets in that city. The city forester, William F. Gale, has lately issued a circular letter saying: "The cutting of roots of trees being one of the most common injuries to which shade trees are subject, the su pervisors of highways and bridges, at the request of the city forester, have instructed the employes of the city having the laying of walks and the set ting of curbings, not to cut the roots of trees without his consent. The at tention of contractors, excavators, builders, and all others having to do with the laying of walks and grading, is called to the order of the supervis ors, and they are requested to instruct their men that the cutting of roots of trees within the highway is not al lowed. except as provided above. Sec tion 7 of chapter 5-t. public statutes of this state, which forbids the mutilation of trees, applies to their roots as much as to any other portion of the tree.” ‘ THE WILD HORSE GOING. Gradual Extermination in Washington, Idaho and Montana. Gradually, but surely, the great herds of range horses on the interior plains of Washington, Idaho and Mon tana are being driven to the wall. In the last two years at least 65,000 head of horses have been removed from the ranges of eastern Washington alone. Their disposition has been approxi mately as follows: Shipped to Chi cago and other eastern markets, 20,000; sent to Alaska during Klondyke rush, 8,000; canned into horse meat at Lin ton, Oregon, for shipment to France, 9,000; driven to Idaho, Montana, Wy oming, Colorado and Utah, largely for Dai k and saddle horses, 10,000; broken for use by new settlers in Washington, 10,000; died in the last two winters, 8,000. Loss from state in two years, 65,000. This loss has been double the natural increase, reducing the number oi wild horses in this state from about 125,000 to 80,000 or 90,000. At this rate of decrease they would last for some years, but the fact is that the horses are being confined to a smaller area each successive year, thereby in creasing their chances of destruction. At least 5,000 horses died of starvation last winter in the districts north and south of the Snake river. Fifty to 80 per cent, of some bands vanished un der the conditions of short grass and deep snow. The cattle and sheep, on the other hand, are rounded in the lower valleys during the fall and fed during the winter. The range horses are now confined almost entirely to the thinly populated counties of Douglas, Lincoln, Adams and Franklin and parts of Yahima and Klickitat, in Washington. These animals are worth $3 to |2O, according to size and quality. A large number of them are cayuse3; others are strong, large-boned horses. In June, 5,000 head of Douglas county horses w r ere sold for shipment east at $2.50 and $3 and $6 per head, according to size. The horse canning factory at Linton, Oregon, has converted about 9,000 head into meat for shipment to France and Germany in the last two years. A still larger number will be canned in the near future, for the in dustrial department of the Northern Pacific railway has aided in the estab lishment of another horse canning fac tory at Medora, N. D. A home market for many thousand head has been caused by the boom in the wheat in dustry, owing to the good crops and good prices of the last two years. Thousands of wild horses, weighing 1,100 pounds and upward, have been broken to the plow by both old and new settlers. The indications are that this local absorption will continue in a limited way for several years in eastern Washington and Idaho. —San Francisco Chronicle. HER DRESS. There are some wives who actually begin to bother their husbands about sealskin sacques in July.—New York Press. The contest among the women at present seems to be as to which shall wear the largest plaids in her skirts. — Berlin (Md.) Herald. The trouble with most women is that they dress too old when they are young and too young when they are old. —Philadelphia Times. It doesn’t much matter to a woman whether clouds have silver linings or not, if only her frocks have silken ones. —Philadelphia Times. When a woman goes out riding with her husband, she is so much better dressed than he that strangers get the impression that he is the coachman. — Atchison Globe. When you see a girl with her hair all mussed up, you mustn't think she hasn’t combed it. It takes her many weary moments to fix it in that tangled fashion. —Glasgow Echo. A woman writer asserts that a pretty hdt can be made for 60 cents and a neat dress for $3. It is also true that man can live on mush and molasses absorbed regularly thrice a day.— Philadelphia Bulletin. This is the season when the girl who can sew can make a pretty dress that will not cost more than 75 cents. That is the tradition. We have never seen such a girl, and don’t believe in fairies anyway.—New York World. ADMONISHING CHILDREN. “The universal frailty of our human nature which dislikes to be told of faults must be taken into consideration when we converse with our grown-up children,” writes Kate Upson Clark in Woman's Home Companion. “After they pass the age of fourteen or fifteen they usually betray a greater sensitive ness than before to even reasonable fault-finding. By the time they reach eighteen or twenty this tendency has become a marked trait. They have then become substantially like the rest of us. Even from the lips of loving fathers or mothers and in strict priv acy they want nothing but the same sort of honey on which our own souls love to feed. They wish no allusion made to the facts that they are acquir ing nasal tones; that their gait is awk ward; that their taste in dress is un formed and even bad; that they have not good judgment in choosing asso ciates. and so on. Private discourses upon the wiles of the world and the weakness of youth and its proneness to wander they wish none of. Whatever medicine of that sort is to be given must be administered in small doses, interjected with skill into conversa tions upon ordinary matters, and sugar-coated, if possible, with artful compliment, though it should be al ways deserved. Even the best and dearest of our carefully-brought-up young people are likely to have their year or more of obstinacy and ‘pig headedness,’ or their permanent streaks of unreasonableness and con tumacy. Therefore, they would better receive most of the telling strokes that mold into shape before they reach the age of fourteen. From that time up to the age of what is called ‘discretion,* which does not arrive with most of us before twenty-five (if then), the youth, in judgment and sense, is really not much superior to what he was at from seven to fifteen, but he has no sus picion of the fact.” CAUTION IN INTRODUCTIONS. Outside of one’s own house every one should be careful in the matter of mak ing introductions. A lady at a friend's house may safely introduce two per sons whom she herself knows well. A man makes introductions more carei al ly, and both men and women must first, if possible, get the consent of the persons to be introduced. An excep tion to this rule, which hardly needs to be noted, comes when three or four persons are thrown together, some of whom are strangers to all but one of the others. In this case to save awk wardness a simple introduction should be made. Some persons of genial dis position feel it necessary to introduce all persons in their immediate neigh borhood at any social function. It is needless to say that this wholesale in troducing is entirely a mistake, and that those who engage in it usually make themselves very obnoxious to their acquaintances. A woman has al ways more freedom than a man in making introductions, and a man, for example, will hardly offer to introduce two ladies to each other unless he knows them both very well. —Leah Lanceford in Woman’s Home Com panion. ANOTHER SWORD FOR SCHLEY. Col. Wharton J. Green favors pre senting Rear-Admiral Schley with a sword, saying that the hero of Santiago deserves as well of the country as Dewey deserves. Every whit as much, for beyond all cavil or doubt Santiago was as great an achievement as Manila. We believed it surpassed it. —Wilming- ton (N. C.) Messenger. The mining of the natives of the Philippines has been confined to the alluvial deposits of the rivers, for there is not a stream rising in the mountains of Luzon and the other islands which has not its gold-bearing sands and de posits, from which for centuries the larger portion of the precious metal has been obtained. HER KISSES. If kisses convey microbes then the microbes are onto the advantages of rapid transit.—Central Illinois Demo crat. Don't kiss and tell. If you do your friends may fancy the experiment is so unique that you can’s keep it to yourself.—Berlin (Md.) Herald. He —“I knew you would make a fuss if I tried to kiss you.” She —"How did you know?” He —“I had been warned.” —Detroit Free Press. “Were you scared when he kissed you?” “No; but I was just before it.” “How so?” “I was afraid he wasn’t going to.”—Philadelphia Record. Aunt Hannah—“ Mabel, are you en gaged to that young man who kissed you in the entry last evening?” Mabet Well, aunty, he and I were engaged just at the moment.”—Boston Tran script. AN EXCELLENT SAVORY DISH. Such dishes as beef or veal olives are attractive and palatable. Sufficient meat for them may be purchased for a single meal; in fact, this is true of all stews; but broils and roasts are not good when small. Beef olives are strips of thin round steaa with a small piece of suet or bacon rolled and tied within. They are first browned in a little suet, and then stewed slowly un til tender about one hour —in a brown sauce made by adding two tablespoon fuls of flour to the fat in which they were browned. After mixing, add a pint of hot water and a seasoning of onion, bay leaf, salt and pepper.— Ladies’ Home Journal. COUNTED THE DAY LOST. At Lausanna, Switzerland, after two and a half years of consideration the Anglo - Colombian inter - arbitration court gave its award in the dispute between the government of Colombia and Punchard, McTaggart, Lowther & Cos., engineers and contractors for pub lic works respecting the Medellin- Mugdalena river railway. Colombia's claim of 800,000 francs was dismissed, and the firm, a London concern, was awarded upwards of a million francs. A GRE.'T APPLE MARKET. Leavenworth, Kan., it is claimed, stands at the head of American cities m the shipment of apples. Indeed, more apples are shipped from Leaven worth than from any other point on either side of the Atlantic ocean. In addition to the large number of local packers engaged in the business at that place, hundreds of packers flock to Leavenworth annually from other parts of the country for the purpose of shipping away, fruit. There are two immense cold storage plants in Leaven worth, one of which is built to accom modate 75,000 bushels of apples. The remains of Emil Velth were brought from Denver to Marshall. Mr. Velth. who died of consumption, had recently gone west for his health.