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CURRENCY OF CHINA
SILVER COIN NEAT AND CONVEN IENT. AN OLD PAPER MONEY Issued by the Imperial Government In the Ninth Century—lllicit Melting of Copper Once In Vogue—Advantageous Ways Celes tials Have of Doing Business. The currency of China is a confus ing riddle. At first glance, however, it seems to be straightforward sort of decimal system of coinage, similar to that adopted by the United States; but as soon as true value and standard weights are considered the mystery of the celestial monetary system appears in all its complicacy. The currency is based on silver and copper cash;the former at its intrinsic value and the iatter approximately so. While the copper cash, a small, base coin, is the one most commonly used in China, silver is the basis of exchange. Fluctuations in the rate of silver ex change, together with the total lack of uniformity in coinage, as well as the absence of a government bank, or a public bureau of finance, Bays the Los Angeles Times, all combine to form the confusing elements Involving the subject of Chinese currency and finance. The Chinese Empire possess ed a system of coinage at the begin ning of the Christian era. Many of their most ancient coins were cast In curious and quaint designs, some fash ioned after the pattern of knives, wedges, oblongs and other objects, nameless and apparently meaningless. These rare old specimens are occa slonlly met with In Influential Chinese families, where they are treasured as amulets against evil spirits. Base and not precious metal has been the principal medium of exchange In the Chinese empire. About the ninth century this imperial govern ment issued a paper money; so we find the Chinese Justly deserve the credit of the invention and priority in use of paper money, along with the hundreds of other useful and necessary inventions that the world owes to them. The use of paper money was continued at Intervals down to the fifteenth century, when It disappeared from use. However, promissory notes have been in constant use, and have kept the Chinese familiar with a paper currency that ruudo it practicable lor the government to sanction banks to be opened for the circulation of a paper currency. The banks of to-day are private institutions, where each man or compuny is allowed to issue his or their own paper bills in ex change for cash and silver, the bank bills being redeemable on sight. While these banks are numerous in all large cities, there is no established government bank, and this forms one of the curious omissions in the busi ness stutus of this strange empire, one of the first in the banking world and yet one of the last to have a bank. The monetary system of China at the present day Is arranged on the principal of weight, the foundation or standard being the tael. This weight is divided Into decimal divisions called mace, candareen and cash, or tsten, fan and It. The tael being the recognized stand ard of value throughout the kingdom for the reckoning of bullion, gems, drugs, etc., one would think that the weight would be uniform; but such is not the case. The customs, or haik wau. tael is the commercial standard, and is an imaginary weight in silver of about 1!* ounces, or equal to about 72 cents gold in American money. However, this fluctuates almost daily with, the price of silver. Besides the hnlkwan tael there are various others in use: the most notable are the ku ping or treasury tael, the kuaiping or Shanghai, and the Hankow tael. The latter Is .7 per cent in value above the Shanghai, while there is 10 per cent difference between the other three. This variation in weight of the ac cepted standard of value destroys all business foundation and aeeurnc.s There are five different weights in currencies in circulation in the short distance between Peking and Tlen-tsln, only about eighty miles. The railway fare front Peking Tlen-tsln last year was $1.40; hut from Tlen-tsln to Pe king It was $1.30. Such ridiculous dis crepancies in currency are a harmful hindrance to trade. There are no less than nine different silver dollars current in China, five of which are minted in the country. The one most extensively used Is the Mex ican scale dollar, minted in Mexico. Next to this is the Japanese yen, then the Spanish Carolus dollar and then the Freuch republican dollar. Others find tnetr way there, but are not so extensively used ns those mentioned. There are government mints for the Chinese silver dollar at Tten-tsin ar senal at Klangnan, In Kwang-tung Prvince, in Hupeh and Anhui provin ces. Other small silver coins are min ted at some of these mints, and also in the Fookten Province. There are 5-cent. 10-eent, 25-cent and 50-oont pieces. A Kwang-tung silver silver coin is graceful and ex ceedingly pretty. A colled dragon occupies the center of the obverse side, with the word "Kwang-tung Pro vince. 1 mace 4.4 candarecus" around the margin, while the reverse has the emperor's name, the province and a meunt. in Chinese characters. This piece of money corresponds to our 20- cent piece, now no longer issued. Their 10-cent silver pieces are half the size and weight, and differ only in the amounts stamped upon them. The amount of the 10-cent piece is 7.2 can dareens, and the 5-cent piece 3.6 can dareens. Their table of gold and sil ver runs, 10 cash equal one candareen, 10 candareen equal 1 mace, 10 mace equal 1 1 tael, 1 tael equals 579.8 grains troy silver. Taxes and duties are paid in ingots of silver bullion, which are called “shoes of sycee,” from the Chinese word si-sz, meanlng“flne floss.” They vary in weight from 5 mace to 50 taels. This silver Is the condemned foreign silver dollars that have been so repeatedly stamped and mutilated that they are of no further use as coins. They are principally the ones imported from Mexico and California and stamped by the merchants pay ing them out. They are melted and refined, and the silver rates about 98 per cent fineness. They are molded In the form of a shoe, and hence the name of “shoes of sycee.” Gold is cast in small bars, about the size ot a cake of India ink, or sometimes it is flattened into thin leaves to avoid de ception and dishonesty, and these are fastened together by the hundreds and used in commercial exchange as gold bar. Counterfeiters fairly infest China. Not Infrequently do the mint masters connive at the fraud and boldly assist the counterfeiters. Counterfeiting has become so marked a feature in the currency of China that a regular line of business of inspecting silver has been established, and the detectors, called “shroffs,” are so expert that they can detect the slightest alloy just from the color of the coin or In got. When the English first establish ed themselves in Canton each Chinese merchant carried his own private money scales and made change en tirely by weight. If he had no small coins wherewith to make exact change, he simply chipped a piece from off another coin. All the small chips were preserved as change, without specified value. Within the last five or six years sil ver has been extensively coined in China, and has the copper cash, the only purely Chinese coin, up to the advent of the foreigners. This copper piece, called Tsien, originally weighed a mace or about one-tenth of a tael. It was a circular coin a lit tle more than an inch in diameter and had a square hole in the center for convenience in carrying it on a string. The coin has been so reduced in size and debased in value that instead of weighing 57.98 grains troy, or 1 mace, it weighs generally about 30 grains. At present the coin is about the size cf our 25-cent piece and about one-half the thickness, it has two Chinese words on the obverse side, “pao." or "current,” and the name of the pro vince in which It Is coined. On the re verse side there are four words a free translation of which is “money" cur rent during the reign of Taukwang,” or whatever the emperor's name in whose reign the coin was issued. The normal value of the copper cash to-day ranges from 900 to 1,800 to the silver dollar, or about one-tenth of a cent; a decided decrease in value from that of the original coin. Copper cash is minted by the government and put in circulation through the payment ot soldiers and government officials. Mints are established in each pro vincial capital, under the direction of the hoard of revenue. There is a government standard of copper alloy. 50; zinc, 41 Va; lead, 6%, and tin. 2. But the government itself is so dis honest that even this cheap coin has been debased by the introduction of irou. without legal recognition. The exchange bet ween copper cash and sil ver is determined by the quantity of copper cash in circulation. This va ries in the different provinces; as, for Instance, in 1898 in Peking 550 large cash could he obtained for l Kung Fa tael, while 1,170 Shanghai cash could be purchased for the same amount and in Wuhu 1.320 was ob tainable. while in Shantung 1.210 could be purchased. Copper cash has in creased in value since the closing of the India mint?, and their importance as a coin has been superseded by the subsidiary silver coinage issued by themints nt Tlen-tsln, Nuchang, Foo chow and Canton. The silver coins are neat and con venient. and but for the fluctuating value that makes the monetary basis of China as unstable as all else con nected with this intricate kingdom, the system of coinage would be most satisfactory. In 1851 to 1861 the Emperor Hien Fung issued a copper coin equal In value to 10 copper cash. This is oue of the coins sought after by collectors, as are also specimens of the iron cash issued about the same time. It was at first received as of equal value with the copper cash;hut it was soon extensively counterfeited, ami also be came rusty und quickly depreciated iu value. It became unpopular, and was recalled by the government, in 1858 from 18,00 to 20.000 iron cash could be bought for the value of sl. A few years ago when copper cash was so depreciated In value, the peo ple secretly melted coins Into metal and manufactured domestic utensils from It rather than purchase the pure metal, as the metal in the cash was worth more than the monetary value of the coin. Phis Illicit melting of copper cash was one cause of the in crease in the value of the coin. The Chinese have mauy Interesting and advantageous ways of conducting business. They have a brotherly way of mutually benefiting one another that is quite enticing. One man needs money but does not wish to pay the exorbitant rate of interest asked by the money lender. He interests an other man to assist him in procuring the coveted loan from his personal friends. Having prepared a number of red envelopes, each containing a small suit of money, he calls upon his relatives and friends who are able and he think;; would be willing to en ter into such a club, and explains to thorn his desire. Those who are will ing to enter into the club accept the Uttle envelopo of money as a sort of bargain money, and no other compact Is formed. The club is frequently call ed a “shakiln club,” from the tossing of dice by its members and they gen erally number from ten to twenty, according to the amount of money de sired. If the originator wants a loan of 100,000 cash there would probably be ten members, each responsible for 10,- 000 cash. If the payments are quar terly, and there are ten payments, the club exist* for the period of two and one-half years. The business is con ducted by the head man and his assist ant, and it is customary for him to entertain the members at a banquet at iihe first meeting, when he has received his 100,000 cash. He really receives but 90,000, as he is supposed to pay 10,000 himself. No dice are thrown at the first meeting, as it is understood •who is to receive the money, but at the second and all subsequent meetings dice are thrown to determine who is to receive the 10,000 cash. The mem ber throwing the highest number re ceives the money, and so on, until each man is repaid, his 10,000 cash invested. It Is generally conceded that the assist ant receives the money, without appeal to the dice, at a third meeting. Those who have received their money do not enter the dice tossing. A small sum is contributed by each member, excepting the head man, at each meeting after the first one, in or der to defray the expenses of refresh ments. If any sum of money is left at the tenth meeting it belongs to the man who received the last 10,000 cash. In t)his manner each man has paid into the club 10,000 cash and received back the same amount, thus assisting his comrade cr relative, who has had the benefit of 100,000 cash at one time to invest for himself. CHINESE REVENUES. They Are Paid in All Sorts of Articles —Rice a Legal Tender. The sources of revenue of the Chi nese government may be grouped under the following headings; Land tax, grain tax, salt monopoly, foreign mar itime customs, likin (inland transit dues), native customs and land trans fer fees, licenses, special levies, etc. A vast amount of peculation is said to go on in the Yang-tse provinces, which show a greatly diminished revenue from this source. The officials pretend that the land is still suffering from the devastation created by the Tatping rebellion, whereas almost the whole of it has been reclaimed and is yielding abundant crops. Thr.t is, of course, a more serious form of embezzlement than that tacitly encouraged by the central authorities, as it deprives the imperial government of the legitimate tax. Two provinces, Kiang-Su and Che- Kiang, pay tribute in rice. The local officials, however, in order to make as good a thing cut of it as possible, col lect the tax in capper “cash” and the' purchase the rice in the open market as advantageously as they can. The profit on the transact!'n finds its way, of course, into the pv’ ts of the man. darlns. The unfortunate farmers are the people who suffer by this method of collecting the tax. as they are made to pay not only the price of the grain, hut the extravagent cost of transit to the capital and the fees incidental to its expedition. A large sum of money is. in fact, squandered by these provin ces :n transporting the rice to Pekin, everybody being concerned in making as much out of it as possible. The total amount of grain tax paid into the provincial treasuries is estimated at 6.562.000 taels, of which sum four lifths reach Pekin. The salt supply is administered by the division of the country into seven principal districts, each of which possesses the sole monopoly within its boundaries, and it is not permissible to dispose of any salt out side of the district in which it has been produced except under special circumstances. Everybody is at liberty to manufacture ns much salt as hr pleases, but he is obliged to sell it either to the government officials or to licensed salt merchants. The general system is. however, for the officials of the salt department to purchase the salt from rhe producers and sell it to the licensed merchants at a re munerative price. AN UNCONSCIOUS DISCIPLE. Trotter —It's a favorite amusement among the eastern fakirs to twist themselves Into some itiuscle-stralnlng. nerve-racking, bone-cracking posture, and Miss Rlvalton—lsn't It funny how those odd oriental Ideas find disciples here? Trotter—What do you mean? Miss Rivalton —Really, haven't you ever seen Maud Wayuppe play golf.— Harper's Baxar. THERE ARE MANY SUCH. Ella—We have just formed a Shakes peare club. Stella—ls that so? Ella—Yes. will you come to our first dance?—Town Topics. TIMBER SACRIFICE FAMOUS REDWOOD OF CALIFOR NIA DISAPPEARING. FOREST RESERVE URGED Logging Operation Threaten Destruct ion to the Largest and Oldest Liv ing Things—Thirty-two Persons Able to Stand on a Single Stump, and Musicians There Too. The last of the big trees—the giant redwoods of the Pacific coast—are threatened with destruction, and con gress is to be asked to save a few of them at all hazard. It is proposed by the forester of the United States, Gifford Pinchot, who is u ‘ging the matter, that the famo is Calaveras grove, in California, shall be purchas ed from its present owner and set a side as a government reservation. Thus a few of these botanical wonders may be preserved for the admiration of future generations. They are the largest of all living things on the earth to-day, says the Detroit Free Press. They are the oldest of all living things. Some of the redwoods now rearing their lofty domes of fol iage on the Pacific coast were flourish ing young trees when the pyramids of Egypt were built—a fact which has been ascertained with positiveness by counting the rings of annual growth in the several trunks of individuals of equal size. They are of great scienti fic interest, inasmuch as they repre sent a surviving prehistoric genus of trees that once grew widely over the globe. Before the. glacial period the genus of big trees, called sequoia, flourished widely in the temperate zones of three continents. There are many species, and Europe, Asia and Africa each had a share. But when the ice fields mov ed down from the north the luxuriant •Vegetation of the age declined and with it these multitudes of trees. One after another the different kinds suc cumbed, and when the ice receded only two species, the big tree and the red wood, survived. Both grew in Cal ifornia, each separate from the other, and each occupying, in comparison to its former territory, a mere island of space. As we know them now, the redwood lives only in a narrow strip of the coast ranges ten to twenty miles wide, extending from the south ern border of Washington to the Bay of Monterey, while the big tree is found oniy in small groves scattered along the west slope of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, from the middle fork of the American River to the head of Deer Creek, 260 miles. The utmost search reveals but ten main groups, and the total number of siz able trees in those groups is limited to figures in the thousands. All the specimens remarkable for size do not exceed 500. The oig tree is unique in the world. It is tho largest, oldest and most ma jestically graceful of all trees. Scarc est of all known tree species it is the best living representative of a former geologic age. It has come down through the ages simply by reason of its supurb powers of defense against hostile conditions. The bark is sometimes as muah as two feet thick, and is almost noneombustible. The oldest specimens felled are still sound to the heart. Yet, with all its advantages, the big trees do not seem to have increased their range since the glasial epoch. They have only just managed to hold ttheir own on a little strip of country where the climate was locally favorable. At the present time the only grove really safe from destruction is the Mariposa, which is by no means the most interesting. Most of the others are either in process of or in danger of being logged. The very finest of all. the Calaveras grove, with the biggest and tallest trees and the most uncontaminated surroundings, has re cently been purchased by a lumber man. The Sequoia and General Grant National park, which are supposed to embrace and give security to a large part ot the remaining big trees, are eaten into by a sawmill each and by private timber claims. The rest of the scanty patches of these forest mon arches are in a fair way to disap pear—in Calaveras. Tuolumne, Fresno and Tulare counties they are now dis appearing—by the ax. ludeed. a ma jority of the big trees of California, certainly the best of them, are owned by people wtho have every right, and in many cases every intention, to cut them into lumber. The Calaveras grove was the first grove of big trees discovered, and the story is that a hunter named Dowd came across It by accident in the spring of 1852. This man was employed by a company to supply fresh meet to gangs of workmen engaged in the con struction of a canal. Chancing to wound a grixxly bear, he pursued the animal and came upon one of the im mense trees. When he returned to camp and told about the wonder be had seen, he was laughed at. his tale being taken for a hunter's yarn. In the following year, however, this same tree was cut down, and. after the bark had been removed. Its diameter across the solid w00d.6 feet above ground, was found to be 25 feet Of this tree J. M. Hutchins speaks in hts Heart of the Sierras. He says: "Incredible as It may appear. July 4. 1854. the writer farmed one of a cotil lon party of thirty-two persons danc-i lng on a stump; in addition to whom were seventeen musicians and lookers on, making a total of forty-nine oc cupants of its surface at one time. The tree was 302 feet high, and at the ground it measured 96 feet In circum ference. To chop it down was consid ered an impossibility, so it was bore off witii pump-augurs, the job occupy ing five men twenty-two days. After the stem had thus been severed from the stump, it could not be overthrown, and two and a half days were spent in inserting wedges and driving them. Then opportunely, a gust of wind came and blow the Sree over, the earth trem bling at its fall .is if with an earth quake. Careful count of the rings showed that this giant was already a centuary oid when Christ was born. The Calaveras grove occupies a belt 3,200 feet long by 700 feet wide, in a depression between two slopes. There are just 101 trees of large size and a considerable number or small ones. Several have fallen since the grove was discovered, one has been cut down and the bark has been stripped from another up to the hight of 116 feet. This bark was formed into a room at the Sydenham Crystal Palace, and was lost in the fire there a few years ago. The two trees thus destroyed were the finest in the grove. The tallest one now standing is the “Keystone State” and the largest and finest is the “Em pire State.” The tree stripped of its bark has long been known as the “mother of the forest.” Without the bark it measures 69 feet in circumference at a height of 20 feet from the base. Seventy feet from the ground it is 43% feet in girth. Its height is 241 feet; the vertical distance to the first branch is 137 feet, and it is estimated to contain 527,000 feet of sound inch lumber. Near by lies prostrate the “father of the forest,” which was even larger, measuring over 400 feet in height, with a circumference of 110 feet at the base. Another notable tree in this grove is known as “Smits's Cabin,” and was for years the home of an old trapper named Andrew Jackson Smith, its burnt-out hollow trunk providing him with a room 21 by 16 feet. Some years before he occupied this natural shelter a tremendous storm blew down the “father of the forest,” and in falling this uoble monarch struck “old Her cules,” and old-time rival, shivering the upper part of the latter. Fire has eaten out the heart of the “father of the forest,” so that one can ride erect on horseback through the trunk for a distance of eighty-one feet The dis tance from the base of the trunk to the first branch is nearly 200 feet. “Old Hercules" was the largest stand ing tree in the grove in 1862. being 325 feet high and measuring ninety-five feet in circumference at the ground. He too was blown down in a storm. “Old Goliath” succumbed to the same storm that overthrew “Old Hercules,” and both catastrophes were witnessed by Andrew Jackson Smith, who was living in “Smith's Cabin” at the time. He was rather surprised, indeed, that his own shelter was not demolished. “Old Goliath” has a circumference of over 100 feet at the base, and one of his limbs was over eleven feet in di ameter. In the southern part of Cal veras grove it the “tree of refuge,” so called because ten cattle sought shelter in it one severe winter. They found protection from the storm, but perish ed of starvation.and their bones re main there to this day to tedl the tale. Late in autumn the big tree bursts into bloom, myriads of cones crowd ing the ends of the slender sprays of hrovnishy-ellow foliage and giving color to the whole tree while the ground beneath is dusted with golden pollen. The fertile cones are bright grass green, two inches long, and made up of scales densely packed, with from five to eight at the base of each scale. One cone, therefore, contains from 200 to 300 seeds. No other Sierra conifer produces nearly so many seeds, millions being ripened annually by a single tree. Few of them germinate, however, and those which da sprout rarely survive. The sequoia has been introduced in Europe and is now widely cultivated there, but the climate does not seem to suit it very well. Occasionally it has been induced to survive in the eastern part of the United States, and at Rochester there are two big trees thirty-five feet in height. In Califor nia the southern groves show some re production. through which there is hope of perpetuating the species, but in the northern groves it hardly holds its own. There are now only ten iso lated patches of these trees in exist ance. and forty mills and logging camps are attacking those for timber. Unfortunately, the lumbering of the big trees is done by such methods thet more than half of the material is wasted. Often the huge logs are bro ken up with gunpowder as a prelim inary to moving them. The trees stand in forests of many other spe cies, and -he destruction followed by the fall of their enormous trunks is great But the principal source of damage is the immense amount of de bris left on the ground, composed of broken branches, trunks and bark, often five or six feet in depth—a cer tain cause of fierce fires. The devas tation that fallows such lumbering is complete and deplorable, and as • rule has not even the advantage of being profitable. The forestry division of the Depart ment of Agriculture, which has fur nished the material of this article, es timates a growth of one inch In diam eter for every twelve years in the life of a big tree. This would make a 25-foot tree 3.600 years old. Probably these forest giants sometimes live 5,000 years, or even more. Unlees de stroyed by man, they survive indefi nitely, until burned, smashed by lightning or cast down by storm. The wiping out of the few remaining sur vivors of the species would be noth ing less than a botanical tragedy, and it is to be hoped that congress will step in to prevent such a misfortune. MORE THAN HE EXPECTED. Englishmen know little of the geog raphy of the “states,” and what little they do knew does not object to put ting Philadelphia next door to Boston, or San Francisco alongside of New York. An American and an English man who had become friends aboard ship had a pleasant encounter about distances on reaching New York. They breakfasted together and the following conversation ensued: “I guess I’ll tuin out to see Harry after breakfast,” said the Englishman. Harry?” queried the American, “Yes, my brother,” explained the Englishman. ’Tve two here. Harry lives in San Francisco and Charlie in Chicago.” “But you’ll be back for dinner?” facetiously asked the American. The Britisher took him seriously. “Sure for dinner, if not for lunch,’ he answered. And accompanied by hia friend, now thoroughly alive to the humor of the incident, he found him self a few minutes later in the line of ticket -uyers in the Grand Central Station. “An excursion ticket to San Fran cisco, stopping at -hicago station on return,” he ordered. The ticket agent put about a quarter of a mile of pasteboard under hia stamp, poundere- it for a minute or more, thrust it before the explorer, and expectantly awaited payment. “When does the train go?” asked the Englishman. “In 10 minutes,” was tne answer. “How much is it?” “One hundred and thirty-eight dol lars and fifty cents. “What?” the Englishman gasped, “How far is it?” “Three thousand miles.” “Dear me! What a country!”—From the Youth's Companion. THE BRIEFEST EDITORIAL SNUB. Letters from editors to contributors in which the former gracefully decllne the offerings of the latter have been couched in ten thousand ways. But rarely has one been written more tersely and to the point than that which a well-known English author lately received. The writer may usu ally be counted on to furnish amusing, and wholly unobjectionable stories. But on this occasion he gave himsef a. little freer nand, and the result, though moral enough, was perhaps not quite “for the family.” This story was sent, to a magazine which is very particular about such matters. The editor, w.o is a friend of the author, and who knew tho latter’s sense of humor would make him take it as it was meant, returned the manuscript promptly with the following note: “My Dear Sir: Oh, my dear sir! “Yours faithfully, >< _ SIX CROPS IN ONE YEAR. South Carolina is becoming famous for its extra crops. Its newspapers have often reported most creditable farming experiments. Now comes a report that Mr. S. M. Key, a noted farmer in Beaufort county, had actual ly grown six crops in one year on the same land. A letter in the Charleston News and Courier tells the story and It is interesting. On a poor, light piece of land he raised “a fine crops of oats ‘averaging 30 bushels to the acre.’ planted it in corn in May, making 30 to 35 bushels to the acre, at the same time growing ‘a full crop’ of green peas be tween the corn rows; then planted a crop of cowpeas, which yielded 10 or 12 bushels per acre; and now has growing ‘second crop of cowpeas.’ which will be harvested in time to make way for crops of turnips and cabbages on the same ground—making six crops grown on the same ground in one year.” BRAVE AND THOUGHTFUL. A story comes from Selma, Ala., of a brave and thoughtful deed by a negro driver of a beer wagon. The negro’s name is Dolphus Brown: One day last week he was delivering beer to custom ers over the city and had a couple of little white boys on the seat with him. In driving on the railroad at a crossing which is obscured by buildings Dolphus was terrified to see a train dashing on to him. He had the horses and wagon on the track before he could stop and. seeing the engine was going to strike him. the negro, with rare presence of mind, caught a boy under each arm and jumpd as far as possible. Hardly had he cleared the wagon body when the big locomotive hit the outfit and smashed it. The negro and the boys fell clear, the only sufferer being the former, whose back was badly wrenched by the weight of the two boys. When brutality is exposed in the re formatories of New York It is wei' to consider that prison life in Georgia, even is not without its allurements. In Berrien county last week Dr. W. B. Goodman sold for Mr. Levi Clements to* Mr. E G. Brown 10 barrels of the fin est syrup made In that county The syrup brought 28 cents per gallon. It will be used by Mr. Brown to feed bis convicts at the turpentine camp. The Boston Transcript will note this.—At lanta ConsMtutior. A ship sailed for China with $1,500,-- 000 to pay American soldiers.