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To smile is to forget, That you and sorrow ever met. To smile is to remain, On just this side cf grief and pain. To smile is to o’erlook The turned down pages of Life's book. To smile is to be alone, With sunshine to the gloom unknown. —Denver Times. WHALES DANGEROUS TO SHIPS. Collision Between Marine Leviathans and Vessels Often Occur. The coast of southern California is protected to a certain extent by the islands off shore, says the Scientific American. The group begins at Santa Barbara, with San Miguel; then come Santa Rosa, Santa Cruz, Ana capa and farther out to sea, thirty miles, San Nicolas. The next follow ing south are Santa Barbara, Santa Catalina, San Clement, and then, with a break of seventy miles, the Corona does. These islands are almost par allel to the coast range, and constitute virtually an out-to-sea coast range of mountains, which, in all probability, were thrust up at the time the coast was formed, leaving a deep depression between them and the mainland. This region of extremely deep water is a famous roadway for whales, several kinds being found there, feed ing upon the vast school of jellyfishes which are nearly always present. The whale most common is the Califor nia gray, which goes every year to the shallows of the Gulf of California to give birth to its young, then moving north along the California coast in what is virtually a great procession. At this time the channel is the sport ing ground for the huge animals and nearly every steamer that crosses sights a school, the scene formiug one of the attractions of the trip, as the whales, far from being wild or tLaid, evince a playful mood, or, in cited by curiosity, come near the steamer, affording the passengers a near view of the largest of living ani mals. This social disposition has resulted in several encounters between the whales and the vessels, in which the former have always come off second best Some years ago a steamer on the trip from San Pedro to San Fran cisco struck some body, supposed at first to be a log. Several of the men were thrown down, and the Bteamer for the moment came to a standstill. All bands were called, the pumps sounded, and as the mate ran aft he saw a large whale lashing the water astern. The vessel had struck it directly back of the right paddle and evidently crushed it down, rising over tt. This whale drifted into Santa Catalina some days later and was towed Into one of the little bays of the coast, where it was cut up by the fishermen. During the summer of 1900 the Jteamer Hermosa killed a whale off San Pedro which was at least eighty feet In length. The steamer was Blowing along at a rate of twelve miles an hour, when suddenly a large whale rose to spout directly In front of her, placing itself Inadvertently across her bows, so that the blow was struck fairly. The shock created a sensation on board and the blow was so vir!ent that several people were thrown from their feet. It was sup posed that the vessel had struck a sunkei rock; she stopped for a few seconds, trembled, then rose about three feet, heeling slightly, then re sumed her course, pussing through a mass of blood which colored the water, showing that she had plunged Into some large animal. A dead whale was sighted two days later, and for several days, on account of Its size, It drifted up and down the coast with the tide, defying the efforts of specu lative fishermen to secure It. Finally a heavy sea tossed It on the coast at the resort of Redondo, where it was hauled in at high tide, and when the latter went out it left a marvelous spectacle of the remains of one of the largest living animals. Hundreds of people visited the spot before It was dismembered. A long wound told the story of Its contact with the steamer. Doubtless if the records of shipping disasters were examined many In stances would be found where ves sels had crashed Into whales with re sults fatal to the animals and more or less Injurious to the vessels. In this connection a curious Incident may be related regarding the actions of a school of whales at the Island of Santa Rosa, Cal. The channel be tween this island Is narrow and often extremely rough, and during a storm it was believed by those on the island that the whates became demoralised, as they deliberately rau ashore, and the remarkable sight of five or six large whales helpless on the sands was observed. Their bones remained fo'- a long time on what became known as the whales' graveyard. Beer Drinkers Knocked Out. A dispatch from Columbia, S. C., says: "A petty quarrel in Charleston as to whether the county board of con trol or the state board has the right of appointing beer dispensers seems likely to prove disastrous to many people largely Interested in that busi ness In the state. While beer prlv- j lieges have been granted in many towns and a big business ts done for the dispensary In Charleston. It has been generally known that this method of selling beer was Illegal. The people called for It, however, and it has been allowed for years and has grown In favor. Vnder the system beer depots arc maintained in the cities and towns by Individuals, who sell and deliver beer without restric tion, paying the dispensary a royalty. To settle the dispute in Charleston the state board submitted the question of appointing the dispenser to the at torney general, who has decided that the beer privilege and beer dispen saries now operated in the state are without warrant of law and are out side the constitution of the state. This decision is a bomb. The board of control did not want that kind of a ruling, and it was unexpected. The beer dispensers all over the state are alarmed. The courts will probably be appeared to, but from the presen', outlook It would seem as if every beer dispensary in the state will be closed up just at the opening of the beer drinking season.” PERSONAL AND OTHERWISE. For military and naval purposes the nations of Europe annually spend $750,000,000, and keep under arms more than three million men. An amateur magician boasted in an Omaha saloon that he could produce a five dollar bill from the hat of a tramp who passed by. He did the trick, but the tramp refused to surrender the money, and Heated ‘‘the house,” calm ly placing the change in his pocket. An hour later the bartender dis covered that the bill was counterfeit. The police are looking for the pair. ‘‘What ever made you write the drama in seven acts?” "Oh, you see, a law suit is begun in the third.” During the passing of a circus pa rade in an Oklahoma town twenty seven watches were stolen in one block. Says a rural exchange; “A horse belonging to Walter Harcomb was struck by a train at the crossing yes terday and instantly killed. The ani mal met with a similar accident six months ago.” One-third of the dominion of Cana da has never been explored. Among the odd scenes at the recent flood in Bradley, Me., was a woman paddling about her yard in a rowboat, taking the week’s washing from the line. It Is alleged that some women in the “sweat shops” of Chicago earn only forty cents per week of full sixty hours. While It’s a common superstition that the handing over of a sharp edged tool cuts friendship between in dividuals it hardly applies to nations. Mexico-gets almost all articles of that character from gimlets to swords and sabers from this country. In the case of a bankrupt recently examined In a New York court there was a bill for pew rent amounting to $26 and a beer bill for S3O. “Many ure opposed to the sexes studying together, but there goes a man who has made a success of joint education." "Who is he?” “One of our leading dancing mas ters.” The orange packing industry in Cal ifornia is controlled almost entirely by women. Instead of crowding her insane pa tients into one building Kansas i going to revolutionize the system of treatment by putting them in cottageß furnished and so far as possible con ducted like private homes. It has no'necessary connection with piano practice and playing often being long drawn out that there is a mile of wire used in the average instrument. New Orleans, with 700 miles of streets and an average record of 18,- 000 arrests a year, has only 300 police men. In Prussia medals are given to couples that celebrate their golden wedding anniversaries. Twelve hun dred of these decorations were distrib uted last year. The gross receipts of the Metropoli tan and Brooklyn Rapid Transit com panies for last year were greater than the combined receipts of all the street railways In England, Ireland and Scotland. Miss Lucy Coolldge recently re ceived the largest vote ever cast for one person In Portland, Me. She was elected to the school board by 8,413 ballots. "I wonder If there really is anything healthful In that old Kneipp Idea of walking barefooted.’* ‘‘lt's hard to say, but it should be quite ns healthy us walking on one’s uppers.” Prinoe Adalbert’s Dog Had to Go. Prince Adalbert, who has entered the Uermau navy for a course of train ing, bus received at the outset of his career a iessou in discipline. He had a pet terrier, which accompanied him wherever he went. He took the dog with him op. board the training ship, but as soon as the captain heard of it the prince was ordered to send the dog ashore. The prince was inclined to dispute the authority of the captain, and claimed that orders which were applicable to other officers did not affect a prinoe ot the imperial family. The captain is said to have at once communicated with the emperor, who as promptly sent his son a message that entirely dispelled from his mind all ideas of favoritism. The dog was sent ashore, and the prince has dis covered that as an officer in the Ger man navy his only credentials for dis tinction above his fellows will be those he earns.—Westminster Gazette. Cigarettes Made Him Crazy. Ottumwa, towa, June 29. —Thomas Colllngwood, 19 years old. has been adjudged insane and ordered taken to the hospital at Mount Pleasant. He had been employed at the Dane Manu facturing company plant and was forced to give up his work on account of the excessive use of cigarettes. HEAD FOREMOST. Siten Doze—‘"Fell into some property last week.” Wauken Sleep—“ You ought to watch out for them coal holes when they’re open.” THE JAPANESE THEATER. Actors Reach the Stage by Walking Through Middle of Audience. Asa rule, the only things that fas cinate the tourist in a Japanese play are the quaintness of the stage ar rangements and the weird unintelligi bility of the acting. The stage is enor mous and the actors reach it by walk ing through the audience on two plat forms extending from the back o/ the auditorium to the footlights. Proper ties are removed during the perform ance by attendants in black cloaks who are supposed to be invisible. As a rule, two long plays are presented consecutively, with a tableau between, and the performances begin at 10 o’clock in the morning. You leave your shoes at one of the many tea houses around the theater, and enter your box to find it supplied with a tobacco box, tea and cakes, with luncheon to come. The voices on the stage at once strike you as hard and artificial, and either too shrill or too gruff. But the reason is plain. “The traditional samisen, the three-stringed guitar, follows the performer like a curse from start to finish. Unless he pitched h'is voice above or below its notes he could not be heard. There is no doubt of the effect on the audience. Especially do the wonderful facial expressions of the actors work upon the women. A rush to the ‘‘tear room” during a pathetic passage is quite common. There the susceptible playgoer may weep her heart out in comfort. As men and women are not allowed to appear on the same stage the fe male parts are taken by men; on the other hand, at some theaters, where the performers are all women, you may see male parts sustained by ac tresses. This is only one among the many conventions and restrictions which hamper the drama in Japan. Another is the extraordinary ascend ancy of the actor over the author, a successful actor Is the darling of the people, purses are thrown at his feet as he walks toward the stage, and love letters are sent to his dressing room, for “the Japanese raathiee girl is very susceptible.” He may make $25,000 in four weeks. The author is only one member of a kind of committee which devises the play and his remuneration is trumpery.—The Academy. SHE MATCHES BUTTONS. Peculiar and Paying Business of Old Sarah Cohen. In a little house just off Hester street, says the New- York Herald, dwells an old woman who carries on a most peculiar trade. She is Sarah, or "Old Sal,” as she is more familiarly called, and east side residents know her well and most of them patronize her. On the window pane of her little shop is a sign which reads: "Buttons Sold Inside. Any Button Matched, From One Cent to a Nickel.” Her stock in trade is stored up in thousands of buttons In little heaps pearl, glass, bone. let. shell, brass, cloth, silk, horn and every other variety of button made. It is said the old woman's business Is profitable and that she has managed to save about $5,000 out of her curious occupation. "You see." she said to me. “it Is of ten the case that a woman buys only enough buttons for a dress, and then, when she loses one. It is difficult to get It matched at a notion store. Those who know ine come along here, and I can always do It from my stock. “I have my regular customers, for most storekeepers around here know me and send their customers to me when they are unable to suit them, and they seldom go away without the very thing they are after. "Where do I get them from? Many of them come from junkshops. where on the rags sold are buttons. All the rag dealers know 1 pay a fair price for buttons, and they save them until they have a sufficient quantity, and then they, come to me. "Another way I obtain them Is by visiting the dressmakers, who often have buttons left over, and their cus tomers seldom ask for them. These I can buy up very cheap. Although my little board outside says that the high est price 1 charge is 5 cents, my better class bf customers do not hesitate to offer me a quarter, or even fifty cents, for a button that they have lost, in order to make their garments look neat and complete.” System In Caracas Hotels. "The morning after our arrival at the hotel in Caracas." says W. E. Cur tis, "1 called for a glass of milk while dressing. On every subsequent morn ing during our stay a glass of milk was brought to me at precisely the same hour, without instructions; and al though the servant was told several times that it was not wanted she did not appear to understand, and con tinued to bring it just the same. “In the hotel were electric bells. The first day I rang for something, and a certain boy answered the sum mons. The next morning I rang again and again, and n-o one responded. Finally I went into the dining-room and found there half a dozen, servants. “Didn’t you hear my bell ring?” I asked. “ ‘Si, senor’ (Yes, sir), was the reply. *• ‘Then why didn’t you answer It?’ “ ‘The boy that answers your ex cellency’s bell has gone to market with the manager.’ “ ‘But you knew he was not here, and you should have come in his place/ “ ‘No, senor; it is his occupation to answer your bell. I answer the Bell of the gentleman in the next room.’ “And as long as I remained in that hotel my bell was answered only by the one particular hoy. If he was not in, I could ring for an hour without re ceiving a response, although theliouse w'as full of idle servants. MEN AND AFFAIRS. President Kruger Is said to have tried a strong drink but once. It wa3 champagne. He tried to drink a glass to the Free State alliance, but didn’t like the fizz, and showed it. By the author of Georgie and His Paw; read every day before going into Wall street: Fate plays as children do, Life’s but an airy bubble; Man’s days on earth are few An<j full of borrowed trouble. Swineburre has a marvelous mem ory. He once recited several pages of Milton’s prose twenty years after reading them. An electric express railway is to bo built between Liverpool and Man chester. Senator Culberson of Texas is a distinguished and conspicuous mem ber of the fraternity of baseball root ers. "Uncle Sam” Gibbons, who is now on the retired list, carried mail in Kentucky for sixty-one years and never lost a sack. He lives at Hod genville, three miles from Lincoln's birthplace. He insists that but for the railroad he would still be in ser vice. A short while ago the city of Ports mouth, N. H., received $20,000 by will for a monument to Fitz-John Porter, to be erected after his death. The general is now very feeble. Ex-Mayor Armstrong of Rushville, Ind., has just been taken to the poor house. He was elected twice, served six years and left office poorer than when he went In. A Juvenile Critic. "Deliver me from the unfavorable criticism of a child,” said an old actor. "It hits the hardest. "A year or two ago,” he continued, ‘■we were playing In a Cincinnati theatre. I was cast for the part of a doctor. The ‘business’ of one of the scenes required that I should come on the stage deeply absorbed in thought and smoking a cigarette. "I had uoticed a family party in one of the boxes nearest the stage. The youngest member of the party, a little boy, was completely wrapped up In the play. It was all real to him. As 1 came from the wings during the scene in question I passed within a few feet of the box in which he sat. He turned to a lady who sat behind him, and I distinctly heard him say, with a gasp: " 'Mamma, he's no doctor! He smokes cigarettes!’ “I have never smoked a cigarette in that scene since." —Youth's Compan ion. Liquid Air for Surgical Operations. Liquid air was used here for the first time in the performance of a surgical operation. The patient was a young man at Meehan station, who was suffering with shortened tendons in one of his legs, as the result of x bad fracture. The operation wax performed by Dr. von Neupert. Th 1 liquid air was secured in Chicago. It was found desirable to cut the cords of the leg just above the heel. The air was poured on until the flesh was frozen and numb and then the incision was made. The patient felt no pain whatever. The operation was a com plete success from every point of view.—Stevens Point Journal. tria by fire. The picture was a horrible spectacle of drowning humanity, the flames being represented as leaping up to the topmasts. Hundreds of bodies were depicted floating In the water. The men tore the picture down be cause they said it did not do justice to the scene which they had just wit nessed.” —New York Sun. CURIOUS FADS OF COLLECTORS. Irish Potato Rings Which Bring £5 an Ounce. The rage for antique silver Is fairly notorious; perhaps the least account able feature of the business is the high valuation of old “apostle" spoons. A great many have been sold in recent years, but in most cases only single specimens are obtainable. In 1898 an Elizabethan spoon dated 1589 was sold by auction in London for £l9, and others realized from £1 to £l7 each. Mr. Butler, a well-known London auc tioneer, estimates that a complete set Or fourteen would realize little short of 10,000 guineas. A set of eight, dated 1527, was sold in 1890 for £252; and two sizes in 1892 for £4OO. The rec ord-price was reached In 1898, when Messrs. Sotheby, the London auction eers, sold a seal top spoon of the six teenth century for £3O 10s. This weighed one ounce six pennyweights, and was intrinsically worth a little over 3 shillings. The Avery collection of spoons in tne United States Is prob ably the finest In existence, including as it does 300 specimens of all ages. Old Irish potato rings arc also much sought after by collectors; at recent sales they have sold for nearly £5 an ounce. Although less valuable than antique silver, “Sheffield plate” Is much prized by connoisseurs. This is a combina tion of copper and silver, a thin sheet of silver being welded upon a thick piece of copper, and then rolled out to the required size for manufacturing. Its value depends largely upon the condition of the surface, as It is a sine qua non among collectors that ‘‘Shef field plate” must remain In its original state. One of the more recent hobbles for which the dealer caters is the collec tion of old picture watch dials. These are sometimes genuine enamels, and occasionally (and not less valued) hand painted. Scriptural episodes were very commonly selected for treat ment by these old dial-painters. The earliest specimens of enameled dials date from the seventeenth century; but the majority of those to be found in the shops are probably at the most one hundred years old. Very high prices are put upon the small mourn ing brooches so commonly worn by our grandmothers; those containing a centrepiece for hair and a surrounding border of pearls are chiefly In vogue. Two or three guineas are often ob tained for good specimens.—Chambers Journal. The Kernel of It. An amusing episode occurred at a political meeting at Lavendon during the general election. After hearing the speeches of the candidate and his supporters, an aged conservative from Wolverton mounted the platform and caused some mystery by dramatically holding aloft a walnut, when he pro ceeded to say: "This is a political walnut. The rough shell represents the radicals; the next, the thin, bitter skin, is the liberals, and the kernel represents the good conservative.” A man in the audience cried out: “Now crack it!” The Wolverton tory did so, when, lo and behold, the kernel was rotten! The admixture of laughter and cha grin that followed may be imagined. THE CURFEW LAW. Satisfactory Results of Its Enforce ment in New England Cities. Newport has back its old bells and is ready for the introduction of the curfew law in this one particular. A word from the chief of police in Cam bridge, Mass., has just been published in favor of this means for preserving the innocence of the children. Cam bridge was formerly one of the worst towns known for the extent of its juvenile depravity. All this is changed now, and the New England air of respectability is again a feature of Cambridge life by night as well as by day. The law affects the conduct of the children at all hours. For those who fear something too arbitrary for our system of life in this curfew law the explanation of the Bangor chief of police as to its enforcement may be a help in seeing the advantage of having it He writes of the curfew: “I believe it is a grand success. We have very little complaint now of children being out after hours, but when one does come in It is from some section of the city not covered by the officers regularly, and an officer sent a few times to that locality speedily breaks it up. I do not believe our people would suffer the children to be out to any great extent without calling the attention of the police de partment to their duty in the matter. It was not long since that a friend who lives in a section of the city where children are, to say the least, very plenty, said to me that it was as tonishing to him how soon the chil dren disappeared from the street corners near bis home at the stroke of the curfev. I presume that some people may have the same idea that seme of our own had, namely, that the police were going to enforce this ordinance in an arbitrary manner and that no child near the age mentioned would be allowed to be seen on the | street after the curfew sounded. We did not intend anything of the kind. Children who. for any good reason, are on the street are never bothered by the officers any more than before the passage of the ordinance, when a child has been given fair warning and then Keeps it up it is locked up and punished. New port (R. I.) News. SUGGESTED BY THE CLAM. Bivalve Gave General McClellan a Valuable Idea in Engineering. The late General George B . Mc- Clellan, U. S. A., is credited with hav ing made the statement many years ago that the sinking of clams into the sand along the ocean shore by closing their shells and ejecting the water from them In a thin stream, first suggested to him the use of the water jet was so used, by General Mc- Clellan’s advice, In putting down the piles for a wharf • and warehouse. Water was forced through an ordi nary rubber hose, with a piece of gas pipe on the end of the nozzle. This was placed close to the point of the pile on the bottom, the jet of water scoring the sand away from the, pile and making a hole, in which the pile sunk rapidly. From that time on, as recently re corded in a paper by L. Y. Shermer horn before the Engineer’s Club, *>f Philadelphia, the water jet method has been similarly employed in many different places by different persons. In the United States, in the improve men of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, large numbers of piles have been driven for the construction of the brush and pile dikes and in the sink ing of these piles the water jet has been in use since 1881. —Cassier’j Magazine. A Possible Marchioness. The leading character In Mrs. Bur nett’s new novette, “The Making of a Marchioness,” Is thus described in the opening Instalment, in the Century; As she got out of the bus, and picked up her rough brown skirt, prepared to tramp bravely through the mud of Mortimer street to her lodgings. Miss Fox-Seton was positively radiant. It was not only her smile which was childlike; her face itself was childlike for a woman of her age and size. She was thirty-f6ur and a well set-up crea ture with fine square shoulders and a long small waist and good hips. She was a big woman, kut carried herself well, and having solved the problem of obtaining, through marvels of energy and management, one good dress a year, wore It so well, and changed her old ones so dexterously, that she always looked rather smart ly dressed. She had nice, round, fresh cheeks and big, honest eyes, plenty of mouse-brown hair and a short, straight nose. She was striking and well-bred looking and her plentitude of good-natured interest in and her pleasure in everything out of which pleasure could be wrested, gave her big eyes a fresh look which made her seem rather like a nice over grown girl than a mature woman whose life was a continuous struggle with the narrowest of mean fortunes. Advantage of Being a Cook. Between eight hundred and nine hundred of the poor law school chil dren of London have been asked to write essays on the theme “What I should like to be in life, and why.” The chief characteristic is their altru ism; they all want, or profess to want, to help somebody. Even the girl who "would like to be” a duchess is solely influenced by the desire "to be able to share in the government of the country and to help those \rho need helping.” There is much force in the reason given by another girl In favor of being a cook—that “if you have a husband, and he is in a bad temper, a well-cooked dinner may put him In fs good humor.”—London Post. New York’s Hotels. The evolution of the American hotel is a very Interesting study, and no other city is so good a place in which to pursue it as New York. The oppor tunity for contrast of the past with the present still exists—not the re mote past when the hotel was a tav ern, but the recent past when the old Astor was a stately piece of hotel architecture. It still strikes the ob server as a dignified edifice, but it is no more than a stepping-stone to the new structure. Nothing could more strikingly illustrate the radical ad vance that has been made in this kind of construction. The difference is al most as great as between old and present methods of travel. Whether the comforts as any greater is another question.—Boston Transcript. Spontaneous Combustion. Oils from animal or vegetable sources burst into flame spontaneous ly when mixed with cotton waste, rags, etc., and exposed to the airrjl They take In oxygen from the air sol rapidly that they get heat enough to | burn. Drying oils flame up more quickly than olive oil or other non drying oiis. Careful experiment has shown that when exposed in a room to a temperature of from 130 degrees to 170 degrees hoiled linseed oil on cotton waste ignites In 114 hours; raw linseed oil on cotton waste in 4 hours; lard oil on cotton waste in 4 hours; colza oil on cotton waste in 6 hours; olive oil on cotton waste In 5 hours; sperm oil on cotton waste in 4 hours; castor oil on cotton waste in 24 hours. It has also been shown that the admix ture of 20 to 50 per cent, of mineral oil with any of the vegtable or animal oils will prevent them from igniting. Furniture polish on rags and badly cured hay are also dangerous. Eight Colorado cities have women treasurers.