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A fi&b sat him down with a blink to think, And dipped his fin thoughtfully into the ink; Then finned this short note: “Dear Tommy," he wrote, "In response to your line of the other day I hasten to thank you without delay. But, had not that squirming, delicious young worm Shown a set in his curves too sus piciously firm, I might not be here To write you, my dear (What you may not believe, ’t is so strangely queer), Thai the wriggler you sent With most mndly intent Had swallowed a pin that was fright fully bent! “You see—if I’d greedily taken a bite, The pain and the shock would have finished me quite; So, the next time you send. My juvenile friend. Just mark jf the worm has a natural bend Ere you dangle him temptingly down here to be The death cf son? innocent young . thiiig like me.” , ytt'.,. 1 .ft he grinned as he used some dry sand for a blotter (Ink dries rather slowly, you know, under water). * Then signed it in haste And sealed it with paste. It was growing quite dark and he’d no time to waste. So he posted it slyiv. without wasting more On the "rest of a ripple that ran tow rd the shore; Then, shaking his scales in a satisfied glow' All shining and shimmering, sank down below, Where he soon fell asleep In an oyster-bed deep, With the green sheets of water his \ slumber to keep. —Jessica H. Lowell in St. Nicholas. | MOTTOES OF STATES. How Some Phrase* Became the Slo gans of Various Localities. If you desire to have fun -with a learned acquaintance ask him simple questions about his country, its his tory, financial condition, political di visions, geographical lines, climatolo gy, topography etc. Questions that any schoolboy can answer Dr. Know all will stumble clumsily over, often getting a bad fall. There is one ques tion that I have never heard anyone answer, namely: What are the mottoes of the several states of the union and their meaning? A clever man may name that of his own state and guess at those of three or four of the more important states, but he is unlikely to know the meanings of any that are in the original Latin. Try some able prbfessor in the crowd and see him flounder. Ask the professor if he knows that the great seal of the United States was designed by an Englishman, Sir John Brestwich, who also suggested the motto, E Pluribus Unum? Our ablest men had failed to propose any thing acceptable, Franklin, Jefferson, Adams, Lovell, Scott, Houston and others wasting nearly four years on the task. Franklin proposed Moses di viding the Red sea with this motto, Rebellion to Tyrants Is Obedience to God; Adams proposed the choice of Hercules and Jefferson the children of Israel in the wilderness. Doesn’t it seem funcy? Some of the suggest ed mottoes were Bello vel Pace (For War or Peace), Semper (Forever), Ded Favente (With God’s Favor), Virtus Sola Invicta (Virtue Alone In vincible), etc. After six years the Englishman’s device was adopted, and it yet remains on the arms 6T the United tSates. If the professor is familiar with the obverse of the great seal, ask him what he has to say of the reverse, and the chances are 100 to 1 that he cannot recollect the unfinished pyra mid, the eye in the triangle, the glory proper, the motto over the eye, Annuit Copetis (God Has Favored *he Un dertaking), and that under all, Novus Ordo Secuiorum (A New Series of Ages). The obverse of the great seal, with its splendid eagle, the bun dle of arrqws, the olive branch, the 13 stripes, the 13 stars, the glory break ing from the clouds and the E Pluri bus Unum, is magnificently American, but the pyramid, the desert, the for-, bidding Egyptian Sky and the eye in the triangle on the reverse are simply barbarous. The great seal of the confederacy by a strange arbitrament of fate was never used. It was made in England and reached Richmond about the time of its evacuation by the armies of the lost cause and the confederate government. Its motto was Deo Vindice (God Maintains). The seal is a handsome silver die about three inches in diameter, bearing an eques trian portrait of Washington (after the statue in Richmond), surrounded with a wreath composed of cotton, to bacco, sugar cane, corn, wheat and rice—the principal products of the confederate states. It cost in Eng land about S6OO with press, wafers, seal papers, wax, silk cords, etc. It was presented to the state of South Carolina about 1887 and is kept in the office of the secretary of state. Ask the professor if he remembers that Minnesota, founded by Ameri cans, is the only state in the union that has a French motto. The one originally selected and ordered en graved was Latin, but the die was spoiled and the French substitute was adopted, L’Etoile du Nord (The Star of the North). Does the professor recall that Montana is the only state with a Spanish motto? Strange that fur traders should have adopted Oro y Plata (Gold and Silver). If you say that one state has a Greek motto he probably will do some pretty hard thinking before answering that it is California. Eureka is believed to be Greek for I have found. The only Italian motto belongs to Maryland, and it originally belonged to the Cal vert family, Patti Maschi, Parole Fe mine (Deeds are Males, Words Fe males). To be a Trifle plainer, Man ly Deeds, Womanly Words. Ask the professor if he knows that Washing ton is the only state with an Indian motto. Al-ki is pure Chinook for by and by, in the future or hereafter. GIRL LIFE IN INDIA. What There is of it Ends at the Age of Eleven, Says a Woman Missionary. At the Y. M. C. A. assembly hall yesterday afternoon and at the Central Presbyterian church last night Mrs. Abbie Snell Burnell, for several years a missionary in India, impersonated “Menarchee,” a highcaste Hindu wo man. When Mrs. Burnell appeared or the rostrum she was wrapped in a gold-embroidered purple robe, under which a yellow silk vest, with sleeves reaching to the elbow, showed. Heavy bracelets of coral and metal and amulets binding her hair were her ornaments. Between her eyebrows was a round black patch to simulate the mark of the red-hot iron with which the women of India are branded to show their allegiance to the god Siva. “The children of India are clothed with brass jewelry rather than with garments of cloth,” Mrs. Burnell said. "They run wild, with little or no at tention. At the age of 11 a Hindu girl becomes a woman and then her liberty ceases. They can neither read, write nor sew, being taught only to cook a little, and they spend their time blacking their eyebrows, dying their finger nails red and deco rating themselves with jewelry. In India the wealth of a man is gauged by the amount of jewelry he lavishes upon the women of his family. “■When a girl is born,” said Mrs. Burnell, “the first question asked is whom shall she marry. Every high caste girl must be w’edded at 12, and to a man of her caste and her horo scope. He may be comparatively young, middle-aged or old, immoral, diseased or brutal; it makes no dif ference if his caste and horoscope agrees with hers. A woman in India is perfectly helpless. “She is generally married at Bor 9, but does not become a member of her husband’s family until she is 12. If it should chance that her husband die before that time she becomes a child widow, the most despised of creatures. A curse is believed to be upon her, and if she goes the ordinary course she commits suicide in desperation. There arc 72,000 child-widows under 9 years of age In India. “There is no wooing or being won in India,** she said. “Every girl over 12 is wife or widow. There the mother in-law reigns supreme. She rules with a high hand and a rod of Iron. “The Hindu who dies without a son believes he loses eternal life, and frequently mothers give their daugh ters to be nautch girls in the temple— the vilest life in all the world —in the belief that they may appease the anger of the gods and have sons born to them. “The religion of India is nakedness without whitewash, yet they are bringing it to your American women, the queens of the earth.” Mrs. Burnell talked of the work of the Christian missionaries and the op position to them. “American dolls, given as prizes in the Christian schools, and American fine-tooth combs, the importance of which you must visit India to realize are doing more to Christianize India than anything else,” she said.—Kansas City Times. Railway Parcel Service. World’s Work. —In England the Great Eastern railway has perfected a system of suburban parcel delivery that works admirably. From the out lying districts for a radius of 120 miles—an agricultural country In the main—the passenger trains bring Into London and to the neighboring sea resorts all kinds of produce packed !n ooxes of definite size and shape which are furnished by the company at from four to eleven cents. The service fes is moderate, eight cents for less than twenty poundp, two cents additional for each five pounds, up to sixty pounds, above which the fee is twenty five cents. Stamps affixed to each package show prepayment. The com pany publishes two pamphlets, one giv ing the names of producers who use the service; the other, the names of season-ticket owners who are in con stant need of such produce. The success of the plan was Immediate. The Best Time to Answer a Letter. The best time to answer a letter is while you are under its spell, and be fore your interest in it has grown cold. Home letters should be regular. The glow and Impulse of love, stimulated anew, will be responsively stirred, if the reply is not too long deferred. I am always sorry for families who suffer the lines of communication be tween them to weaken or rust because of carelessness in writing, and many a time my heart has ached for the disappointment visible in an old face, when some young Jean or Mollie, whose letter is wistfully anticipated has forgotten to send it at the right time —Margaret E. Sang-.T in Ladies Home Journal FARM and <£ GARDEN. Farm Fences. At a recent western institute one of the speakers said: “In summing up this question, I will say without fear of successful contradiction that the ex perience of the farmers of this coun . try has demonstrated the following facts: First —That the wooden age in farm fence building has passed, and the iron age is on. Second —That, woven wire fence will be the kind of fence that the farmer will build in the future. Third —That it should be made on the farm and by the farmer. Fourth—That the use of barbed wire fence is cruelty to animals, and a menace to property, and should go. Fifth —That a simple cheap and dur able machine for weaving wire fence is a great want at this time. Sixth—That when such a machine is placed within the easy reach of all the evolution in fence building will cease for many years, and anew epoch will have set in; and, Lastly, the average farmer fences too much, and in some cases he should not fence at all. —Farming World. Poultry-Yard Notes. Fowls will endure dry cold better than damp. Buckwheat, barley and oats make a good variety. The large breeds, as a rule, are the best for the table. Good laying hens are neither hungry nor too fat. The best plan is to give a good, var iety of both cooked and dry food. Use carbolic acid occasionally in the dust bath to destroy the lice. Paralysis in chickens is often due to overfeeding and lack of exercise. Wheat, corn and buckwheat fed to fattening fowls will whiten the flesh. Reduce the winter stock of poultry to layers as much as possible. Dry-picked poultry is considered the best; pick .-hile the flesh is warm. The ducks .Intended for winter and spring layers should not be made too fat. It is often a good plan to feed corn on the cob and let the fowls do the shelling. Well-fed fowls rarely become over fat when they are compelled to scratch among litter for their grain. So far as possible in feeding, scat ter the grain so that the whole flock will have an equal chance. The winter care of fowls is an easier matter than the summer because there is less liability of disease. Never try to stimulate egg produc tion with irritating condiments, as they usually do more harm than good. Hens will not lay when their combs are frosted. This is one reason why warm, dry quarters are necessary. Hardiness, vitality and vigo-r of con stitution are of more importance in poultry for profit than all other quali ties combined. —Western Fruit Grow er. A Cow for Every Acre. Where little ov nothing is bought there can be little hope of making every acre keep its cow as has so long been the dream of many dairymen. It might be done if corn alone were used as feed. But corn is not a com plete ration, and though more than enough corn with fodder might be grown to keep a cow through the year, it would be always more profitable to give other feed, such a" clover hay, wheat bran or middlings, and either linseed or cotton-seed meal. We have known some milkmen near the city who kept fully as many cows as they cultivated acres of land. But they re lied very largely upon purchased food, generally growing only corn fodder, which they fed green so long as they could, and then either cured the re mainder or put it into the sUo for win ter and spring usA It is a great help if some crimson clover has been sown on the corn ground. It will make enough growth before the land needs to be plowed for corn in spring to well repay the expense of seeding and cutting the crop. But for the fact that it takes two years to grow a good crop of clover it would pay to seed a piece of land every year with clover to be cut for hay. Three crops a year, aggregating five or six tons of dried hay may be cut on rich land. If a farmer can succeed in keeping a cow per acre, even with the purchase of some grain feed, he may, if his cows are good ones, realize more profit from his land than he can with most cultivated crops.—American Cultiva tor. Prepare Ground Well for Oats. Of all the other crops none Is so carelessly put in as this one. I have seen farmers plow their ground so wet that it was impossible to get it in or der, and as a result a poor crop is se cured. Last year I knew a 20-acre field that had not been plowed for two years. It was a wheat field which had been seeded in corn the previous year. An immense crop of weeds had grown up after the wheat. A few of the weeds were taken off. The oats seed was sowed on the hoed ground, which was then gone over with a spading harrow, and that was all the labor put upon the field- As might Le expected there were no oats to cut. Good crops have been raised by sowing in stalk ground, plowing in with the double corn plow and then harrowing, but this is an uncertain plan. Last fall I had my oats ground plowed, as I alwa; > try to do. The field was an old meadow. It broke up hard ar.d rough, but now it is In splendid condition. The rain and freezing have leveled and mellowed it so that a single harrowing will put it in fine condition. A day or two of good weather will fit it for the harrow and drill. The oats can be put in before the other ground will be fit to plow. The great ad vantage is that it can be put in early and in good condition. —J. S., ih Amer ican Agriculturist. Pot Vs. Layer Strawberries. While good layer plants may answer all purposes for general spring plant ing, good potted plants offer many ad vantages over them when the require ments are not general, viz: When you wish to plant at any other time but spring, to plant in the spring when you wish to fruit them the first season, to plant in the spring or fall when you desire to get very early runners, for long distance shipment, when only a few are required of anew variety, to plant after an early crop of potatoes, or the like, and when you wish to de velop any variety to its highest degree of perfection. Besides these advant ages, which are very considerable, they possess many other minor ad vantages, which are very considerable, those who are acquainted with the merits of good potted plants. So much depends upon the word good, how ever, and so very few of those sent out by nurseries can properly be qualified by that advective, that it is very doubtful if their true value will ever become generally known o' acknowl edged among fruit growers. At the usual price, $2.50 per hundred, great profits can be made by the sale e* poor plants, while on good ones at that price there is but a very small margin. —E. W. W., in American Gardening. Petunias. It has been but a few’ years since petunias were worth very much as or namental flowers, though their strong hold on life gaVe them a place in many a door-yard where they would not otherwise have been known. Now the new’er varieties come in white and shades of red that are daz zling’y bright and a great many of the plants will produce very sweetly per fumed flowers. They begin to blossom • in June, when planted in the open ground very early in the spring and continue to blossom until frost kills them in the fall. The seeds are very minute and the best way to start them Is to sow the seed in a box in the house in March and transplant them as soon as danger from frost is over. They are easy to transplant as cabbages and blossom profusely even in quiet th'n soil. A flve-cent paper of seeds will furnish enough plants for half a dozen flower gardens and no flowers returns more for the cost of production.— Farmers’ Voice. The Humors of Translation. Some amusing instances of transla tors’ misunderstandings are mentioned by the London Daily News. An Italian paper not long ago turned Kipling's “Absent-Minded Beggar” into a "Dis tracted Mendicant.” A foot note to the same version explained “son of a ’ '■~beth publican” as a reference to Mr. Kruger! Another Italian editor, who translated a passage from an English paper about a man who had killed his wife with a poker, added an ingenuous footnote to say: "We do not know with certainty whether this,thing, ‘pokero,’ be a domestic or surgical instrument.” In the French version of one of Scott’s novels, a Welsh rabbit has to be dealt with. The translator, never having met with that article of food, naturally turned it into “un lapin de Galles,” and in a foot-note explained that the peculiarly delicious flavor of the rabbits of Wales created a large demand for them in Scotland, whither they were exported in bulk that would compare with the trade of Ostend. The desperate expe dient of the French translator of Cooper’s “Spy,” who had to explain how a horse could be hitched “to a lo cust," is also worth recalling. He had never heard of a locust tree, and ren dered the word by “sauterelle,” or grasshopper. Feeling that this needed some explanation, he appended a foot note explaining that grasshoppers grew to a gigantic size in the United States, and that it was the custom to place a stuffed specimen at the door of every considerable mansion for the co; vunience of visitors, who hitched the horses to it. A Dark Rejoinder, A lawyer from the West who was in Detroit recently told this story on himself: “A few months ago our town was al most wiped out by fire, and among the most prominent institutions de stroyed was the bank, of which we were Justly proud. The morning after the fire my colored janitor met me on the street (that’s where I had my of fice for awhile after being burned out) and gravely inquired: “ ‘Jedge, does yo’ t’ink de bank’ll pay de people what hed money dar?' "I assure him that there was no danger of the depositors losing their money, but ‘Rastus shook his head dubiously, as he responded: " ‘Well, Ah doan’ take no mo’ chances on any bank bustin’ aftah dis. Ah’ll des shoot craps, an’ spen’ ma money laker prince.’ ‘“No, don’t do that,’ I advised. ‘Just work hard and save your money and some day you will be rich.’ ” ‘“Rich? Rich, as yo’ ( sah?’ ‘‘Yes, rich as me.’ ‘“O, no Jedge,’ was the studied re ply. 'Ah makes ma money hones’ly. Ah kaln’t foller you’ ’zample.’ ’’—De troit Free Press. She—What do you like to play best? He—Hearts —with you.—Meggen dorfer Blaetter. BACK ACTION PHILOSOPHY. When I muse on Pierpont Morgan And his trust, T reflect that, after all, he's And will turn to dust again— Made of dust, Which is natural; but then, I should like to be Pierp Morgan With his dust. When I think of Albert Edward With his throne, To comment upon his worries I am prone; And I cite the restless bed, And uneasy royal head; But —I'd like to lose some slumber On a throne. It is easy, very easy, To observe How one’s philosophic notions Strike a curve. Gold and glory are not all, But we listen* for their call. To decline such things we haven’t Got the nerve. —Baltimore American. A CONTRAST. Difference Between American and En glish Newspapers. The American newspaper one point-of-view, at least—much more open than the English; there is no in fluence whatever that will induce the average American journalist to sup press what he considers to be news, however embarrassing the disclosure may be to the government, mortifying to individuals, or discreditable to the general reputation of the community. The result of his ferreting out every fact of interest, and perfect candor and unshrinking boldness in publish ing it, is that foreigners obtain the impression from reading American journals that American life, in all of its branches, social, political, com mercial and financial, is the most cor rupt in existence; but this is because all that is bad is dragged into light. If the press of Europe today were as candid, bold, and thorough as the American press, there would be spread abroad as deep an impression of corruption in some branches of European life —in the social and financial, certainly; perhaps, in the commercial, though not in the politi cal—as now prevails about Ameri can life. How long would the American press have refrained from exposing the in efficiency and tncompotency which the English, themselves, admit they have in too many cases shown in the boer war, had that war been one in which the United States was engaged? Un like tho contest with the boers, the Spanish-American contest was a tri umph from beginning to end; and, yet, this did not deter a pitiless exposure at the moment of every error of judg ment and of every instance of cor ruption that marked its progress. If the boer war had been an American enterprise, not a single transaction would have been left in the dark; there would have been no veil away from its events when the con flict was over, because no veil would have been permitted to exist from the beginning; nor would any man have been too high in rank, though sec retary of war or commander-in-chief, to be held up to condemnation if in fault.—Nineteenth Century. COLLEGE GIRLS POOR WIVES. Evanston Professor Warns Men of Classes Against Them. “God help the man who marries a college-bred woman.” This exclamation which served as a peroration to a little heart-to-heart talk which Professor J. Scott Clark had with his class at Northwestern university has stirred to the boiling point the whole feminine element in the college. The male member? of the Institution are also discussing the subject with much wrath and will seek explanation from the faculty as to the advlsibility of such teachings. Professor Clark occupies the chair of English at the Methodist institution in Evanston. Following up a recita tion he began a discussion of women of the present day to the members of his class. In comparison, he said, the modern woman is scarcely the equal of her mother or grandmother. The college bred woman, he then re marked, generally proves a failure as the manager of a household and is unable to completely fill the domestic requirements necessary to make the home an abode of comfort. It is then that he is reported to have given this sage advice to the young men of his class: “You young men, who are looking for wives among the college bred wo men of today are on the wrong track. If you ever do get out, God help you.” Professor Clark has occupied a chair at Northwestern university for a number of years. He Is about 37 years old and is married. Efforts are being made by members of his class to learn whether Mrs. Clark received a college education, the interest and purpose of the students being obvious. Prof. Clark certainly did not realize what a volume of criticism would be poured upon his head by the thousands of college women all over the country, or he might never have made the statement. Miss Ellen Babin, president of the Milwaukee-Downer college and a graduate of the University of Wiscon sin, when interviewed with regard to the statement made by the Chicago professor, said: "Complete refutation of Prof. Clara’s statement Is made by observation of the home life of college ■women all over the country. As president of the Association of College Alumni, 1 find that the college women are among the prominent ladies of • Milwaukee in social life, and are e ceptionaliy delightful homemakers. And this is true not oniy in this city, j but all over the land, r.s well. If a ' is looking for a wife who will sit J down, and admire him and think him I the most phenomenal creature on | earth, then he does net want a college ; bred woman. But if he wishes a j woman wno will be for him a com panion, a woman of who Is | able to enjoy with him all the higher and better things of life, then he Is j not going to avoid th college-bred | woman. A college education is :.s . about as small a demand for education !as one can make. People who have | paid the most attention to domestic I training and have studied it from the ! scientific side, women vho are leaders 'in school established for the study of domestic science and for work along | the line of child study, will readily acknowledge that the college woman is tne one who is taking the lead :n the most Important line of home and child culture, is having the greatest success in making her home what it should be and earing for her children as they should be cared for. The college education results in such train ing of mind and heart that the college woman is more likely to appreciate . and set a high value on those thing*- I which help to make a h?.ppy home.*' | Mrs. G. P. Williams. < f Milwaukee, also an alumnus of the University of Wisconsin, said: “The people to be consulted with in regard to this ques j tion are the husbands of college wives. I think that a broad, general and liberal education should make any woman better able to fill her position in life, whether it be that of house keeping or teaching. The education whic h one gets In the college of today is not a mere collection of facts, but it consists of that broadening and de veloping of character helps to fit a woman for whatever position in life she may be called upon to fill. Statistics go to prove that the per cent of divorces between husbands and college-bred wives and the per cent, of mortality among children whose mothers have been college-bred are lower than In any other cor responding classes.” Mrs. George W. Peckham. of Mil waukee, who was graduated from Vassar, says: “Prof. Clark, in making such a statement, certainly east more disrespect on himself than he did on college women. Their lives speak for themselves, they speak louder than anything else. 1 think that the average American man would be quite as willing to advocate the college edlucatlon for women as for those of his own sex. True, oqr girls do not find much time to give to the study of domestic science while they are in •school, but the woman who has had the advantage of mind training is more able to do the work of the home when she sees she has it to do, than she would be without this training, if she have a special taste for the domestic, she will learn it. no nrnttei how much time she may give to the development of her Intellectual powers.” Good Outlook For Peaches. A dispatch in the Morning News from Fort Valley, Ga., contained th| information that the outlook for good yield of peaches in that localitj is very promising. That is the great peach section of the state, and if the crop is good there it is safe to say it is goqd in most other parts of the state. The crop will not boas large parhaps as It was last year, but the peaches will be much finer, because the trees are not so heavily laden. And being finer, they will command a better price. It would not be surpris ing if the crop this year brought more money Into the state than the crop of any previous year. The railroads will not do as well, because they will not get so many carloads to haul, but they will be benefited by the increase in the state’s prosperity.—Savannah Ncwb. The Limit. “Have you nothing else?” inquired Mrs. Schoppen, who was looking at half-hose for her husband. “No, ma’am,” replied the clci* “I’ve shown you every pair in stock.*’ “Are you sure," she persisted, lean ing over the counter, “there are none there I haven’t seen?” “Yes’m,” stammered the clerk, "ex cept—er—the pair I’m wearing.*’- Philadelphia Press. Wealth Brings Freedom. Silas— These blamed city table man, ners are all bosh. If I only had a few thousand dollars I’d show you how to eat with my knife. Cyrus—Supposo you had a few mil lions? Silas—Gosh! Then I’d sharpen the carvin’ knife on my boot.—Chicago News. Her Day. "Yesterday," she cried, almost dancing in her glee, “was the proudest day of my life.” “Why?” her Cousiu Bob from New York asked, "did tho men you have secretly loved for a long, long time ask you to be his wife?” "No, but a man I have refused three times married that Kaflippe girl who has always been trying to make me play the frlngo to her sash, and I sat where I could look them both in the eyes and smile all through the ceremony.’’ Temperance in Tennessee. The man who goes behind the door and cuts a half pint in two at one drink and then enters the legislative balls and makes a temperance speech is a curious man, but not an unknown man, by any means.—Memphis Com mercial-Appeal.