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■EAKS IN THE
K GAME LAWS REQUIRED IN SOME OF the states. LOT FOR HUNTERS States Which Exact License Fees From Non-Resident Hunters—Hints on Common Accidents—Danger in Confounding Remedies for Sun stroke and Snakebite. Practical uniformity has at length been attained in certain features of the game laws of the states of the middle west and now the date of September 1 it tacitly recognized as being about tne. correct time to open the shooting season Even South Dakota which formerly threw down the bars at Aug. 20, now' establishes Sept. 1 as tin open ing day, and this is the date also* for North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Illinois. As to the game supply ot prairie chickens and quail, the reports are promising. It would not be correct to say that they are unusually promis ing, but more truthful to call them “usually promising.” Asa matter of fact we have this same old story e very year about the promising game crop in these states of the northwest, and every year the history is pretty much the same. There are plenty of birds up to a week or so before the opening of the season, and a week or so after there are no birds at all. The visiting shooter w'ho goes out into North Dako ta or Minnesota for a chicken shoot, usually finds that even though he ar rives on September 1, he has arrived just a little too late to find the birds. The local shooters have seen to it that the birds have pretty much all been eaten by the time opening day arrives. This early .-hooting seems to be one of the ancient prerogatives which the average western shooter ascribes to himself. This should be qualified with the statement that year by year the respect for the laws increases just as the numbers of our game birds de crease. After a while our western shooters will learn that they cannot have their cake and eat it. and then they may be a little better contented to eat a part of it "now and more of it little later on. . The question of a non-resident li : cense is one which nowadays cuts L considerable figure In the plans of the Bssident $lO to get a Wisconsin shoot ing license. If you go to North Dako ta it will cost you $25 to shoot prairie chickens. If you go into Minnesota you will have to pay a non-resident li cense to hunt provided you a, e a citizen of a state which requires a non-resident hunting license. That is to say, since Illinois exacts such non resident license from Minnesota shoot ers or others who go there to shoot, any man from Illinois must pay such license if he goes to Minnesota. Bad as this is, however, it is scarce ly a patch to the little statute which the wise men of South Dakota have put on their books for the benefit of tourist sportemen. Section 11 of the South Dakota law r says: “It shall be unlawful for any non-resident of the state of South Dakota to pursue, hunt, or kill any of the game animals named In this act except when accompanied by a qualified guide. A qualified guide is one that at the time is a deputy game warden of the county. Deputy game wardens are prohibited from act ing as guides for any person not pos sesssing a license permitting such per son to hunt.” This law is, without doubt based up on the similar sandbag measure of Wyoming, which requires a non-resi dent sportsman to take out a S4O li cense if he hunts for big game and then prohibits him from going out to hunt the aforesaid game unless he takes a licensed guide. It hardly need be said that this is protection entirely beyond the limits of desirable action. Of course if you go deer hunting in Wisconsin or Michigan you will ex pect to get shot once in a while. If you or a friend shjuld be caught by a stray bullet in the way, and not be killed by it, wash the bullet wound well, then take a clean rag and satu rate it with a weak solution of carbolic acid or alcohol. Put the rag over the wound and keep It wet. The antisep tic side of surgery Is w-orth all the rest. Do not try to dig the bullet out, for it may be, In gentlemen of a cer tain build, a couple of feet or so down to the bullet, and it is painful fishing for lead under such circumstances. A good preparation for a crude anti septic lotion Is carbolic acid one part in forty parts of water. Of course, if you go hunting you will get snake bitten every once in a while, and It Is well enough to know what to do in an emergency of that nature. Put a stout rubber band above the wound to stop the circulation of the blood, or twist a handkerchief above the wound by means of a tourni quet. Into th" wound itself dust free ly a quantity of permanganate of potash. Give whiskey enough to in toxicate and keep up smaller amounts of liquor for several days. Into this liquor put Sampson wood, one ounce to each pint of whiskey. Reflect that there Is no danger. If you are fright ened when bitten by a snake it is all over but the funeral. Don’t be scared. Your family will need you. Wet feet you will get as a matter of course, and in regard to wet feet au thorities differ. Some advise that one chang socks and shoes at once, where- COST OF FOOD NOW AND A YEAR AGO. VEGETABLES. _ t August, 1901. August, 1900. Potatoes si.is a bushel 40 cents a bushel. California potatoes $1.35 a bushel 60 cents a bushel. Sweet corn 65 cents a sack .25 cents a sack. | tas $1.50 a sack 26 cents a sack. Beets $1.60 a hundred 25 cents a hundred. Radishes $1.50 a hundred 25 cents a hundred. Canteloupes 75 cents a basket 35 cents a basket. String beans 52 a sack 25 cents a sack. Lettuce $2 a barrel 25 cents a barrel. Cabbage $8 a hundred .. $1 a hundred. C arrots $1.50 a hundred 25 cents a hundred. ® nlons sl-25 a sack 35 cents a sack. Tomatoes $2.50 a bushel 65 cents a bushel. Cucumbers 25 cents a dozen 4 cents a bushel. Cucumber pickles $1 a bushel 35 cents a bushel. Parsle y sl-65 a barrel 25 cents a barrel. MEATS. Beef ribs 551,., cents a pound 11A£ cents a pound. Bee} loin 16 cents a pound 12 cents a pound. Pork loins 9 cents a pound 6 cents a pound. Dressed chickens 15 cents a pound cents a pound. BUTTER, EGGS AND CHEESE. Batter 21 cents a pound 19 cents a pound. Brick cheese ll cents a pound 9 cents a pound. FRUITS. ■Apples $3 a barrel .$1 a barrel. P( aches 30 cents a basket 15 cents a basket. Blackberries $2 a crate 70 cents a crate. Grapes 35 cents a box 18 cents a box. Plums .. . .$1.65 a box 85 cents a box. Oranges $5 a box ...: $3.50 a box. Bans.as $1.35 a bunch $1 a bunch. Prunes 6 cents a round 2 cents a pound. 1 as others would counsel that one allow his wet clothing to dry upon him. Either way is good enough, for no one ever gets sick in camp. Wet feet are not so dangerous as cold feet, in camp or anywhere else. Naturally if you go fishing or shoot ing. you will be poisoned by poison ivy. Authorities in the sporting pa pers say that any infusion Of the bark or berries of boughs of the common spice bush is a soverign remedy (for poison ivy. The infusion should be taken internally and applied external ly. Witch hazel, If you can really get witch hazel and not the ineffectual dilution of it, is also good in case of ivy polsonig. Of course, if yob go fishing or shoot ing the mosquitoes will bite you a good deal. Learn to like this, for it is a good deal of bother to prevent it. Wear a pair of fingerless gauntlet gloves, and when the pests are bad tie a hand kerchief around the back of your neck. If you must have a dope, a simple for mula to remember is tar, sweet oil, and pennyroyal. If you burn Insect powder in your tent it will drive out insects. Camphor, or borolyptol or naphthalene will cure the poison of a mosquito bite quickly. THE MIKADO'S COURT. Characteristics of the Japanese Ruler and the Empress. The western world hears very little of the distant and somewhat secret court of the mikado. Yet it is interest ing in more than one respect, for the poetical charm of its traditions is giving place gradually before the advent of the spirit of the times. ’ T ’he mike do Mutsuhito is regarded as one of the cleverest and at the same time most modest rulers recorded in Japanese history. When he over threw the “Shogun” in 1868 and re stored 10 his own dynasty, he won at once the admiration and sympathy of his people by abolishing a despotic form of government in favor of a milder form. In his own country lie is known as hotel, but he is generally referred to abroad as the mikado, or the honorable gate. The mikado is of comparatively large stature, and his very majestic bearing is increased by the general’s uniform which he usually wears. In his daily walks he never passes beyond the limits of the imperial gardens except on the oc casion of the opening of parliament and at rare intervals for the purpose of attending military and civic festivals. Unlike his predecessors the mikado is very frequently to be seen driving in his carriage, and when he passes through the streets the Japanese history. When he overthrew the “Shogun” in 1868 and was r<=- disappear from the line of route or to turn their hacks tow’ard the!;’ ruler. It is curious to learn that this attitude betokened a form of the highest respect. Nowadays the people learn that the mikado is approaching only from the shouts of the police: “The mikado; beware!” But. as the Japanese are not entirely accustomed to the n w order of things, striking contrasts between the old sacred traditions and modern ideas are often to be seen. One day the mikado nearly lost his life through this conflict between the old and the newer aspect of life in Japan. The imperial cairiage had arrived at a railway crossing just as a train happened to be coming up. The man in charge of the crossing did not dare to lower the barrier before the mikado, and the engine driver could not bring his train to a standstill. However, the mikado escaped by a miracle. At home the mikado Is incessantly ;it work. He makes a point of being in formed of everything that happens both In Japan and in foreign countries. He Is very easy of access for all his subject?, especially for those of his people whom he has in trusted with missions abroad. On the other hand, he can grant only very short audiences to European diplomats. He speaks only Japa- nese, and in consequence all inter viev. s have to be in’erperted to him by dragomans: thus the conversation is laborious and has to be made as short as possible. The empress, whs belongs to one of the leading Japanese families, is honored and revered for her goodness and inexhaustible charity. Although her majesty speaks no foreign language, yet every foreigner who enters her presence is charmed by the marvelously expres sive play of her features. The empress is nearly 51 years of age, but she shows to this day that she is rightly entitled to her family name, “Haruko," the “spring.” Her majesty belongs to the few women who seem never to grow old, and who in the autumn of life possess the. charm of knowing how to preserve the smiling loveliness of their youth. She is a devoted friend of literature, and she is never so happy as when she can celebrate the three great festivals of the year, surrounded by the poets attached to the court. These festivals are those of the New A ear, the Church and the Chrysan themum. The empress is herself a poetess, and has entablished a pom petition for Japanese poets, and for the competition she fixes the subject. But, it is for her works of charity that the empress is the most renowned, and she is at the head of ail national efforts in this direction. The Rod Cross society claims a great deal of her time, and during the war with China she was very often to be seen attending to the wounded Japanese. —London Globe. ONE ORANGE TREE. From It Agricultural Department Established Orange Industry. There is an orange tree at the agricultural department which, tradi tion says, has produced revenue sufficient to meet all the expenses of that department for the last thirty years. Its history is interesting. About 1870 an American woman told Mr. Saunders, the expert on pomology for the department, that she had en joyed the most delicious oranges while in the vicinity of the city of Bahia, Brazil, and believed he would do well to procure some of the bud ded fruit as an experiment in this country. The secretary of agriculture re quested our consul at that point to send him twelve budded trees. They came in due time, and were in turn budded on small seedlingß for dis tribution. There is one great tree that survived, and, while they did not thrive in Florida, they did on the Pacific coast, and today the naval or Bahia orange, the father of that industry in California, owes its ex istence to the single tree now stand ing in the glass house in the agri cultural grounds. Of the crop of about 20,000 carloads for 1901 at least 15,000 of them were of the navel variety, while the revenue varies from $3,000,000 to $5,- 000,000 a year. The statement of this fact, a siufele tree having produced sufficient revenue to sustain the department for a period of thirty years, never fails to awe the tourist, and causes him to beg for a single leaf from the wonderful money tree.—Washington Star. Shod With American Shoes. The horses ridden by Lord Kitchen er’s flying cavalry to chase the elu sive General DeWet across the south African veldt are shod with shoes made in Pennsylvania, the contract for their construction having been made through the instrumentality of the commercial mueeums in Philadel phia. The German army has a swimming school for troops, where every one must learn to swim. The best swim mers are able to cross a stream of ; several hundred yards’ width, even when carrying their clothing, rifle and ammunition. SCANDIA Matters of Moment From the Far-off Northland STATUE TO DALGAS. Six thousand people of Aarhus and the surrounding couutry, together with many foreign guests, witnessed the unveiling of the statute of Kunoe Dalgas. His life’s work was the re deeming of the swamps of Jylland. The Jydske Hede Selskab, or Jylland’s Health Society, as it might be termed —Jylland being a province of Den mark—recognizing the value of the man and his labor was the promote; of this piece of enterprise. July 16 amid the waving of countless' banners and the singing of “Jylland Between Two Seas,” the veil fell. The presen tation speech was made by Attorney- General Nelleman. He reminded his auditors that the statue had been built by those whom the great man’s zeal had benefited. Here is his home city this work of art was to be given to posterityby a people who felt honored in honoring the strongest type of a patriot. In behalf of the city the statue was accepted by the mayor, Mr. Meyer Whereupon the cry went up, “Long live the memory of Dalgas!” Dalgas died April 16, 1894. DENMARK’S NEW MINISTRY. The people are supremo in Den mark, and the Leftists indorsed their men as the new ministry made its ap pearance. Just what effect this will have upon the condition of the couu try is of course difficult to state; suffice it to say the king on July 22 accepted the list with approval. It Is. Minister-in-chief, or premier, and foreign affairs, Professor Deuntzer. He was born in 1845, the son of a mason. He entered the war in 1864, became second lieutenant. At the age of 27 he was elected professor at Copenhagen university. He is di rector of several banking concerns and-a member of the board of control of the East Asiatic company. He has never been In politics before. Minister of justice and minister for Iceland, A. Alberti, born 1851, son of a farmer. Highest courts attorney and judiciary candidate. Elected in 1832 to the rigsdag. Minister religion and instruction, J. C. Christensen-Stadil, born 1856, farmer’s son. Educated at Orundtvig high school and Gedved seminary. Held several offices and helped organize the “right”—reform party In 1895. Minister of finance, C. ITage, bora 184S, son of a merchant; himself a merchant. In 1881. representative from Copenhagen’s seventh district to the storthing, Minister of agriculture. Ole Hansen, born 1855, a farmer. Educated at Hindholm high school and Tune agricultural school. He was a mem ber of local county board and later its chaimrn; also agricultural com missioner. Minister of public works. V. Hoerup, born 1841, son of a school teacher; 1867, a candidate for the law'. From 1873 to 1877, associate editor of Morgenbladet. In 1883 began the publication of Polittken. Noted as a public denouncer of Krieger and for-! mer ministers. Minister of marine, Johnke, born 1837, son of a carpenter. Became sea officer 1857, in 1899 raised to office of rear admiral. He is a sturdy advocate of floating fortresses. Minister of the interior, Enevoid Sorenson, born 1853, son of a Bea captain, a scholar and editor of Hold ing Folkeblad In 1872. A Things man and president of the Union of Danish “Left” Newspapers. Minister of war, Colonel V. H. O. Madsen, born 1844, son of an armorer. Became an officer in 1861, participated in the war of 1864. A brilliant mathematician and formerly teacher in the officers’ school. In 1889 be came chief of the artillery and in 1898 chief of the fort ordnance. The Knipp artillery concern has made him several tempting offers. TOURING IN NORWAY. . The tourist traffic in Norway Is larger this year than ever .before. The la 'gnst number of tourists select the Valders and Telemarkcn route. Ottadal’s route Is, perhaps, the next best, while the Gudbrandsdalen Jour ney is not forgotten. To Kongsbrug the way is becoming more difficult, and the reason is accounted for by the raising of hotel prices. Thp North Capo season is over, although the berths on the last Tromro steamer were all filled. There was no Spits bergen tour this year. Americans and Germans had the call this season, the Danes and Swedes taking their way to the Norwegian sanatoriums and spending their entire vacations thera Altogether, Norway is enjoying a prosperous summer. Business Is tak ing on a steady tone. Drammen Will ship 7.000 tons of wooden goods to England and Germany. Norway has an abundance of costly woods and wooden implements. S*>e Is shipping building stone and paving stone and increasing the facilities for utilizing the abundance of raw material that she possesses. THE BORDER COMMISSION. A Norwegian-Swedlsh-Rusaian border commission will assemble during this month at the so-called Prerigsros. a place where the three countries Join. All evidence, facts and figures regard ing the boundary at this place are to bo gathered and weighed, and a definite Use agreed upon. The Swed ish commissioner is Colonel Melandcr, of the general staff. The Norwegian commissioner has been selected in tne person of Captain Eriksen, of the gen eral staff. Gustavus Adolphus college, St. Peter, Minn., begins Us ♦hirty-ninth year of work Wednesday, Sept. 4. Entrance examinations will bs held the day before. H. P. Peterson is heralding with enthusiasm the preparations for the entertainment of the Norwegian- Danish Press association in West Superior, Wis., Sept. 13, 14 and 15. A hospital is to be built in Grand Fortes, under the direction of the board of directors of Grand Forks college, of which Rev. A. E. Lien is president, and Professor A. A. Kas berg manager. • Count Malta Leonstjerna-Granat. a representative of the Swedish govern ment. is located iu Kenosha, Wis. Ho. is studying Ante)Scan taming, American workmen and their methods. Augustana synod of the Swedish Lutheran church in America opens Augustana college and theological seminary. Rock Island, 111., for its forty-second annual session. Sept. 4. The theological department opens Sept. 25. The Scandinavian Sailors’ home in Brooklyn, N. Y., was visited by 49 Norwegians, !) Swedes, 3 Danes and 5 Finns during the month of July. One thousand eight hundred and ninety nine dollars and fifty cents was sent through that office to Scandinavia last, month. A. M. Howe, treasurer of Augsburg seminary, reports the following >e cclpts Rince June 1, 1901: For the building fund, $3,861.09; to the salary fund, $421.21. Professor Wilhelm Pec torsen is at present laboring in Ash land, Wis., Professor H. N. Hendrick son at West Superior and Duluth, and Professor H. A. Urseth in north ern Minnesota. Adolph Bydal, the Norwegian jour nalist in the district court at Brainerd. has sued the Independent Scandina vian Workmen of America. He states that Nov. 27, 1900, he was elected to the office of organizer; that !ie organized lodges at several places, and that on May 19, 1901. he was ousted from office without cause. He aks $5,000 damages. Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, who came j nearest the pole, is becoming Involved !in litigation in Chicago. Ho was in a I fair way to receive the fortune left by Mathias Blessing, a wealthy Scandinavian who died two years ago, the other heirs having waived their claims. However, petition was filed in the probate, court by Mrs. Martha C. Cunningham of Cliattonoogu, Tenn., who says she is a daughter of the deceased. She asks the court to delay the distribution of tho until she has had a hearing. Martin Ulvestad’s Norge i America has reached its seventh thousand. A pocket edition in flexible covers is Issued. The following are a few of tho facts set forth in tho book: The Norwegians and their descendants In tho United States number 1,300,000, in Canada 25,000. There are 4.H8 societies and 2,281 churches, also 34 schools, 177 teachers, 3.954 pupils in America. There are 116 Norwegian publishers of American papers. Nor wegians who have written books num ber 315. Politically 73 per cent, are republicans, 24 per cent, populists. 2 per cent, prohibitionists and 1 per cent, democrats. It is the compiler’s estimate that the democrats have be come populist to a large extent Minnesota leads in population, Wis consin, Illinois, North Dakota, lowa South Dakota follow In order. A valuable map accompanies the book, showing where the population actually is. Business and professional men teem to be most Interested In this work. FLASHES. Herman Bang, the Danish author, is dangerously ill. The worst is feared. “Why didn’t ho propose to wealthy Mias Antique ? "He objected to her past.” “Indeed 1” “Yes, there was too much of it.” A mission iu Congo. Africa :aat is under the suptrinteudency of A. E. Fredrickson, has enrolled 700 con verted heathens. Experiments are being made in Sweden to fire locomotives with peaL Several preparations of this fuel are being manufactured. Counting tourists and emigrants, 2,245 persons have departed from Trondhjem during the first six rao..ths of the year, against 2,217 last year. The king of Norway and Sweden will visit the fortress at Tonsfberg and, as the occasion is fitting, he ex pects to take the baths of Sandefjord. The oldest woman in Stockholm, Swedt n, is Beata Kristina Funck, 101 years of age. The oldest man is a printer, Axel Cedargren, 97 years of ag- The heat and drouth is /the moun tainous districts of the northern parts of Norway is becoming seribus this sen on. Several places are devising plans to replenish the supply of water. F rest tires are raging in Jenitland, Sv,\ len, ami are endangering life and ('• troving property to an tint dd ax ■t. Three thousand soldiers have been despatched to 1: i the fire fighters. The czar has wiped out of existence all Finnish military oranizations ex cept two regiments, the Guards and Dragoons. The Finnish array is to oe reorganized by 1903, and no Finn will be an officer unless he speaks the Russian tongue fluently. Stockholm’s Commune lias sent, a commission to other countries to visit the practical trade schools. They Foek information relating to organiza tion and utility. The commission is composed of the following members: Rector, V. Adler: engineer, C. A. Randstrom, and Dr. IT. E. Elmquist At present they are in Budapest. A newspaper in Copenhagen offered a prize of a hog to the family which could show the largest number of children. It. fell to n laborer and his wife, 56 and 52 years of age, re spectively. They have had twerty flve children, twenty-two of whom are alive, the eldest being .30 years of age and the youngest 2. Oyttorp gunpowder facta-", a short distance north of Nora, Sweden, ex ploded, wrecking seven buildings. Strange to state, only four persons out Of nine working in the fnetory were killed, while the others osenned with wounds. The explosion set fire to the for st in which the mill was loented. Christina Nilsson Is still cherished by the little girls. While journeying to Ronneby, Sweden, the trnin made a long slop at Tingsryd. The station was decorated as if for a festival, and a score of little girls, dressed in white and with waving flairs, greeted the countess. When the train departed, the girls showered the object of their adoration with (lowers. The Danish army is being supplied with new' uniforms. Three colors are being tried, gray, dark blue and dark gre'n. Metal and horn buttons are ! being used. The coat collar is fes | tooned with a large buckle. There are two breast pockets in the eor.t, hot. no shoulder straps of any kl id. The soi.Rer furnishes his own under clothing ns he chooses. The caps are higher nnri roomier, and have Iho rociment figures .’n dark prior. Tho Hagerup expedition reti rnert to Tromso, July 15, having wintered on Spitsbergen. The members report a severe winter, at times the mercury being frozen in the glass. The ex pedition remained two or threp weeks frepeyi |n tpp jpp but after the New Year moved to land. It was marlei richer by the enntnre of sixteen .pears, fifty foxes (of which eight were “blues’’l. one walrus and a ouantitv of eggs. TTngerun relates that nine vessels from the west const wintered in the Ice. In New Zealand, Not only is education free in New Zealand, but, where necessary, child ren are conveyed to ana from school gratuitously on the government rail ways. At 65, every n,an and woman who needs it, white or native, receives an old-age pension.