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long prays for
A MIGHTY NAVY RECOMMENDS INCREASES IN ALL RESPECTS. WANTS MANY NEW SHIPS Secretary of Navy Submits Annual Re port Which Shows His Firm Be lief in Desirability of Water Arma ment Second to None in Europe or Asia. Washington, Nov. 16.—The annual report of the secretary of the navy, Mr. Long, is an unusually interesting report At the very outset there arc recommendations that the number of leu tenants be increased from 300 to *6B, that the limit of the number of Jaaior lieutenants and ensigns be stadu 600, that the present enlisted foru© be increased by 3,000 men, that the marine corps be increased by 760 siem, and that the office of vice cdmiral be revived. The following table shows, in a con cise form, a comparison of cur own strength (of all ranks and ratingl with that of the other principal naval powers: Nation. 1836. 18*9. ISOO. Ragland 93,750 110.640 114,550 Crasce . 45,113 44,630 49.775 Germany 21.455 26,651 30,386 *ta 40,500 39,546 39,546 Itclr 24,200 24.560 25,804 •sited States 13,460 20.275 23,453 The Russian naval estimates foi ISM proposed Increasing the total force to 52,250 in 1900. and to 67,501 hi 1901. England increases her naval personnel by making provision In the estimates of each year for a sufficient fsture increase in officers and men to mas the new ships. France has proposed this year to add to her per sonnel: 150 lieutenant-commanders, 116 lieutenants, .101 ensigns and Mdets, and 170 engineers. This in crease is to be made at the rate or 6S line officers and 28 engineers per year. France also proposes to in crease her enlisted force at the rate •f 2,320 men yearly. Germany pro vides for the future increase of the naval personnel in a systematic man ner under the law governing her shipbuilding policy. Its average in crease in five years was 9,014. Naval Academy. Favorable consideration is invited to the report of the board of visitors to the naval academy, ird to its recommendations: That the title of ‘‘midshipman,’' which is full of his toric associations, be restored and substituted for “naval cadet;" that the probationary course for cadets be reduced; that a post-graduate course of instruction in engineering be authorized; that no cadet shall here after be appointed whose age is under 16 or over 18; that a training vessel be built for the naval academy sufficiently large to accommodate the entire corps of cadets; that the num ber of cadets at the academy be In creased 50 per cent; and that there be appointed annually by the president ten at large. National Naval Reserve. Continuing tho secretary says: "l have again to call attention to the pressing need of a national naval reserve force from which to draw for sea service immediately upon an outbreak of war. This subject has received attention in previous re ports, and recommendations have been made for the enrollment and organization of such a national body, to be under the general direction of the navy department and subject to the call of the chief executive in times of national emergency. The results of the Spanish-Ameri can war were such as to assure every one having knowledge of naval matters that steps should at once be taken to meet the one certain and positive requirement which will face the nation upon an outbreak of war— the immediate necessity at that exigent time, if it comes, of a large In crease in the men of the navy from an existing reserve—an increase which must, in the main, be made from the seafaring class, who, having acquired the habit of the sea, are at home on the water. There is no better way or insuring such a reserve than by the measure now urged. Our pressing aeed is for such a reserve—a body to go to the front on board ship at once upon the outbreak of war, or when it is imminent. Next to this will the defense of the coast, and for such purpose the naval militia will be es sential. I see reasons for both or ganizations, and have heretofore done ail possible to aid the one now existing—the naval militia, and to convince congress of the necessity for the authorization of the other —the national naval reserve.” The manufacture of smokeless powder has progressed satisfactorily, both at the government works and at those of private manufacturers. Armor. The capacity of the armor plants is now about 7.500 tons a year of armor of the best quality; and at the instance of the department the manufacturers are making preparations to increase their output to 10,000 or 12,000 tons a year in order to complete deliveries in accordance with present contracts and also in order to be ready to pro vide armor for additional vessels should they be authorized by con gress. They have already turned out more armor than was anticipated. Under authority vested in the de- partment by congress contracts were signed November 28, 1900, for over 37,000 tons of armor required for vessels authorized and building. Compering the tfsts made in this country with reports of those made abroad, our ptuoi seems to be the I best that can at present be produced. ;and the price at which it Is obtained is lower than that paid abroad. Contracts for Veaseit. Contract dated August 25, 1900, for six submarine torpedo boats, and con tract dated November 19, 1900, for one submarine boat, authorized by the act of June 10, 1896, as amended by the act of March 3, 1899, to be com pleted within eleven months from date of contract, were awarded .to the Holland Torpedo Boat company of New York, at $170,000 each. Contracts for the e.<nstniction of the six armored cruisers authorized by the acts of March 3, 1899 and June 7, 1900, to be completed within thirty six months from date of contract, were awarded to the following ship building firms: Cruiser No. 4, Pennsylvania, to the Cramp company, Philadelphia, at $3,890,000; speed, 22 knots. Cruiser No. 5, West Virginia, to the Newport News company, at $3,885.- 000; speed, 22 knots. Cruiser No. 6, California, to Union Iron Works, San Francisco, at $3,800.- 000; speed, 22 knots. Cruiser No. 7, Colorado, to the Cramp company, at $3,780,000; speed 22 knots. Cruiser No. 8, Maryland, to the Newport News company, at $3,775,- 000; speed, 22 knots Cruiser No. 9, South Dakota, to the Union Iron Works, at $3,750,000; speed, 22 knots. Contracts for the construction of the five battleships authorized by the acts of March 3, 1899, and June 7. 1900, to be completed within thirty six months from date of contract were awarded to the following ship building firms: Battleship No. 13, Virginia to the Nerwport News company, at $3,590,- 000; speed, 19 knots. Battleship No. 14, Nebraska, to Moran Brothers company. Seattle, at $3,733,600; speed, 19 knots. Battleship No. 15, Georgia, Bath Iron Works, at $3,590,000; speed, 19 knots. .> Battleship No. 16, New Jersoy, to Fore River Ship and Engine companv Weymouth, Mass., at $3,405,000; speed, 19 knots. Battleship No. 17, Rhode Island, to Fore River Ship company, at $3,405. 000; speed, 19 knots. Contracts for the construction of the three protected cruisers author ized by the act of June 7, 1900, to be completed within thirty-six months from dato of contract, were awarded to the following firms: Protected cruiser No. 20, St. Louis, to the Neafie & Levy Ship and Engine Building company, Philadelphia, at $2,740,000; speed 22 knots. Protected cruiser No. 21, Milwau kee, to Union Iron Works, at $2,825,- 000; speed 22 knots. Protected cruiser No. 22, Charles ton, to Newport News company, at $2,740,000: speed 22 knots. Naval Construction Abroad for 1901. , v Tons. England 116.620 France 41.872 Germany 26,470 Italy Japan 12,303 Russia 54,835 United States 23,840 In addition to the foregoing, the following tonnage has been authorized and will be laid down during the cur rent fiscal year: Tons. England 126.660 France 48,260 Germany 47,470 Italy 25,250 Japan Russia 39,100 United States It will be noticed that England and France will lay down about the same amount in the next year as in the past. Germany is following a building program which will provide a strong navy in 1908. and under the law authorizing this program its govern ment can replace a lost vessel by an other of the same class, and can also replace vessels of a certain age by new ones, this age being for battle ships twenty-five years, and for cruisers from fifteen to twenty years Japan has a further extension of b“- navy under discussion, while Russia progresses steadily with hers. Ocean and Lake Surveys. The officers and crews of 19 vessels have been employed in hydrographic work in all parts of the world in which we have possessions, the re sults of which, as embodied in hydro graphic charts, sailing directions, and other aids to mariners, will prove of great benefit to maritime interests. Wireless Telegraphy. During the past year particular at tention has been given to the prac tical development of wireless teleg raphy, in connection of the trials mentioned in ray last report. The bureau is studying the many systems of wireless telegraphy now in evidence with a view to the adoption of the most practical method. Proposed Naval Station in Philippines. In accordance with the directions contained in the last naval appropria tion act, the department organized a commission of officers to select and report upon the best site for a naval station in the Philippines. It unani mously recommends Olongapo in Subig bay. The necessity for such a station is apparent and an appropria tion should be made for it. Our in terests in that pa ♦ of the world nee-* sitate the presence of a large fleet In Asiatic waters at all times. While n time of peace these vessels can be doked and repaired in foreign dock yards or sent thousands of miles away to our own naval stations cn th; Pacific, it goes without saying tha this would not be the case In time of war on our part, and even of a war in which we might be a neutral Porto Rico. In accordance with the provisions of the last naval appropriation act directing an examination of the coajt of Porto Rico for the selection of a site for a naval station, a board was appointed which made an examination of the coast of Porto Rico. It recom mends that the naval station b< located on the shores of the harbor of San Juan, and includes in its recom mendations the construction of a dry dock. Hawaiian Islands. The same act contains a provision appropriating $150,000 for the purchase of land for a naval station, and for harbor, Island of,Oahu. Negotiations harbor and channel defenses at Pearl for the purchase of land failed, the owners refusing to entertain propos'-. tions for its sale. Under these cir cumstances, the department deemed I it advisable to direct the commandant of the naval station at Honolulu to take steps looking to the condemna tion of a tract of land about Pearl harbor sufficient for naval purposes. Proceedings to that end were accord ingly commenced. Island of Guam. In accordance with the act of con gress approved June 6, 1900, a board was appointed to make a survey, plan and estimates for the improvement of a harbor at the island of Guam, with particular reference to the inprove ment • of the harbor of San Luis d’Apra, e ther by dredging a basin or by building a breakwater, and to he establishment of a naval base ind A' A. HON. JOHN D. LONG, Secretary of the Navy. | coal depot From the report of the board it appears that a breakwater is not considered advisable on account of its great cost and the uncertainty I of its resistance against storms, and because it is not necessary for the] protection of the inner harbor. Th' board, however, makes recomruemla j tions looking to the Improvement of j the harbor of San Luis d'Apra by i dredging, to the establishment of a ] naval base and coaling station, to necessary means of defense, and to the selection of a town site. Naval Rendezvous, The department recommends the consideration of a plan for a general naval rendezvous at some suitable place, to be independent of the navy yard and, while including comtnodlou" barracks for the whole enlisted force, devoted also to the training of en listed men of the artificer branch of, the service. The mechanical element ] is now one of the most important ini the management of our ships; the] machinery ou shipboard in complicat-! ed and Gl££timeß delicate, and thej men who mjg it shotlla wl be gre< hands, but trained to that service. This would make for both economy and efficiency. In such a rendezvous J the enlisted men should be made I familiar with all the mechanical ap- ( pliances with which they would have 1 to do on shipboard. There is no ’ reason why boilers should not be set up on shore at such a rendezvous engines run, and all the other ap pliance* of naval machinery typically represented. Such a station would' serve for the assembling, recruiting and drilling of the enlisted force from which the crews for vessels would be drafted as required. When supple mented with the necessary drill ships assigned from the regular service. It would form for the artificer branch a training station corresponding to those already existing at Newport and San Francisco for the seamen branch, and to that existing at Newport and Washington for the gunnery branch It is recommended that the name of the league Island navyyard be changed to “Philadelphia navyyard ” SUPPLIES AND ACCOUNTS. The Navy Ration. The department In July ordered a board to report upon an Improved ration and messing system for the navy. The present ration has been I substantially without chaige since jt' was established in 1861. The board recommends legislation that will give to the crews of our ships a liberal and proper diet under all conditions of service, without compelling them to contribute to their own subsistence, as at present. The changes recom mended are approved, and would make the cost of the ration about 39 cents per man per diem, which is now its nominal and commutation value. At present the actual cost of the ration is from 21 to 22 cents. It is shown that the naval ap propriations for tl>e fiscal year 1901,ox lusive of public works, was $37,913,- 406. amounts drawn $29,770,255, balances June 30, $8,143,151. The total amount deposited in the treasury from Nor. 1, 1900, to Nov. 1, 1901, arising from the sale of con demned naval vessels, condemned war prizes and their cargoes, stores, materials, nautical books and charts, fuel, clothing, rents of government property, supplies furnished to other branches of the government, and from other lawful disposition of public property under the cognizance of the navy department, was $360,490.20. Of this sum, $142,427.07 was covered into the treasury as "miscellaneous receipts on account of proceeds of public property.” Included in the re mainder, $218,053.13, are sums ag gregating $53,629.21 accruing from sales of condemned war prizes and their cargoes, which amounts have been deposited to the credit, of the “navy pension fund, Spanish war,” and “prize money to captors, Spanish war.” The balance, $164,423.92, has been carried, as authorized by law, to the credit of the proper appropria tions. to bo applied to naval purposes. Medicine and Surgery. A large proportion of the r.aval force has for the past year been em ployed in and about the Philippines. This force has been notably free from j epidemic diseases, and, with the ex- I ceptlon of Cavite fever the cases admitted to the Cavite hospital have been those that would have occurred in any southern climate. In the force afloat and ashore tho death rate from disease has been less than that for tho previous year. The reports from Guam indicate that tiic inhabitants are proceeding with the establishment of a eivil hospital, showing a desire to conform to the customs of other communities. Typhoid fever on the island, common during the first part of the year 1900, has now almost disappeared. The natives continue to be taught by the medical officers of the station to properly care for themselves, and the death rate has been considerably re duced. especially among women and children. A dispensary has been opened at Pago Pago, island of Tutuila, where the natives obtain such medicines and treatment as they require. The sick quarters at San Juan, Porto lUco, have had relatively few occupants during the past year, and few oases of disease have oc- Ctin“-d among the naval force remain ing in n*ijWa. Tho passage by tho last congress of tho ftor g.'yjnj ■ant surgeons in the navy the *am rank as assistant surgeons in the array has proved of great benefit to the corps Avery desirable class of young medirai men is now seeking ad mission, and the number of vacancies has boon reduced from 17 at last report to 4, and it is probable that these will soon be filled. The navy department bear* witness to the utility of the prevent system of the civil service. It prevents favor itism and makes merit the test of entrance into place and of standing and advance in it, and the result has been a decided increase in efficiency. In some cases where the examinations of the civil service commission, which commission this department has always found most helpful, have not been able to supply the needs of the department, fa has been permitted to adopt within Itself the methods of that commission, thus recognizing In local application the general principle of what Is now an approved reform. For Instance, the regulations govern Ing the employment of labor at navy yards, promulgated In September, 1891, provided that foremen, master mechanics, quartermen In charge and other men In charge at navy i yards, should be appointed after com- I petitlve examination before a board of naval officers. The rules of the United States civil service commis sion provided that, all special mechanics and civilian assistant in spectors of work and material (in eluding armor, armor plate, ordnance, marine engines, hulls, buildings, dredging, etc.) employed at navy yards, naval stations, and at private shipbuilding and manufacturing es tablishments where work is done by contract for the navy department should be appointed after competitive examination before a board of naval officers, in the same manner as fore men. master mechanics, etc. The results of the amendment of November 20, 1900, are shown by the following statements: Between No vember. 1899, and November, 1900, in response to requests from the navy department for draftsmen, the United States civil service commission made 64 certifications, containing the names of 133 persons. Of the 64 certifica tions but 25 contained the fill! quota of three ellgibles for each place. Of the 133 persons certified, 53 were ap pointed, 16 declined appointment, 36 were not qualified, and 2 were already in the service. The number of per sons certified, 133, Includes persons who were certified for two or more places. The department, owing to the'in ability of the civil service com mission to certify a sufficient number of ellgibles during this period, was compelled to appoint 41 draftsmen temporarily without formal examina tion. Such temporary appointments were made with the approval of the United States commission, but the de lay in getting competent persons by this method was unsatisfactory. The navy department held 74 examinations from November 20. 1900, to November 1, 1901. Six hundred and forty-four applicants were examined. 374 failed 270 passed, 122 were appointed to existing vacancies, and 32 were ap pointed to subsequent vacancies. Increase of the Navy. The navy today is a far greater factor in our relations with tho world than it was before the recent national expansion which now includes Porto Rico, the Hawaiian islands, the vast urea of land and sea in the Philip pines, and our obligations to Cuba. If we are to have a navy at all it must bo commensurate with thoso great ex tensions —greater in International even than in territorial importance This necessarily Involves the con struction of more naval vessels, their manning, exercise and maintenance. The general board, of which the admiral is president, recommends the following increase of the navy: Four first class battle ships; two first class armored cruisers; four picket vessels of about 650 tons trial dis placement, with a sea speed of 15 knots, with twin screws, carrying a battery of four 6-pounder and two Colt’s guns amt a complement of 00 officers and men; six sheathed and copperedi seagoing gunboats of about 1,000 tons trial displacement, with moderate sail power, similar to the Annapolis class: six light-draft steel gunboats of about 600 tons trial dis placement, for insular service In the Phillppncs; six light-draft, steel gun boats of about 200 tons trial displace ment, not to exceed 6 feet draft, for insular service in the Philippines; six steel sailing training ships of about 2,000 tons trial displacement; one col lier of 10,000 tons cargo capacity and a sea speed of 12 knots; 3,000 enlisted men, in order that they may be en listed and drilled in preparation for the completion of the ships; 750 ma rines; an increase of 50 per cent, in the number of naval cadets now al lowed by law, in order to provide for the increase of officers needed for the ships recommended above. The board on construction recom mends; Three seagoing battle ships of about 16,000 tons trial displace ment; two armored cruisers of about 14,500 tons trial displacement; six gunboats of about 1,200 tons displace ment: six gunboats of about 600 tons displacement; six gunboats of about 200 tons displacement.; two colliers of about 15,000 tons displacement; one repair ship of about 7,500 tons dis placement; six training ships of about 2,000 tons displacement; four picket boats of about 650 tons displacement; four tugboats. All the vessels thus recommended are desirable In the prospective and harmonious deveopment of our naval force. A larger increase than usual is !zq dcslrablo in view of the fact that cope wgg jjjjtJe last year. Some of the vessels above recommended, how ever, can better than others he oul* 1 ' ted for the present from the list arid await appropriation hereafter. Among these are the gunboats of 600 tons dis placement. In case the picket boats of similar dimensions are authorized; also the repair ship and a portion of each of the other classes of smaller war vessels. The department there fore recommends; Three first-class battle ships; two flrst-class armored cruisers; three gunboats, each of about 1,000 tons trial displacement, for Insular service; three picket boats, each of about 650 tons trial displace ment; three steel sailing training ships, each of about 2,000 tons trial displacement; one collier of about 15,- 000 tons trial displacement; four tug boats The boy in the barber shop had flourished the whisk broom a few times over the customer's clothes, brushed his hat, and handed It to him. and stood waiting. “Thanks, Lycurgus,” said the cus tomer. “The nickel I used to give you I have to pay now for having my neck ihared.” BEATEN BY BADGERS SAUCY GOPHERS CHASED INTO THEIR HOLES AND CHAMPIONSHIP WON Tremendous Contest Which 10,000 or More Spectator* Witness—Score of 18 to 0 Is Made All in the First Half of tha Game. Madison, W'ls. Nor. 18.—At Camp Randall Saturday the Wisconsin uni versity football eleven subjected the Minnesota team to a sensational and conclusive defeat, the score being 18 to 0, and thus virtually won the west ern championship. A vast uudience of 10,000 to 13,000 people witnessed the great contest, over 2,000 gopher looters came from Minneapolis alone and a dozen special trains were neces sary to bring the visitors from the various directions. The game was really played and won In the first half. When with the first play Minnesota failed to break the badger lino prophecies of a Wis consin victory were freely made. The gophers were completely “run off their feet.” Though heavier than the badgers they were not ns quick. To this fact, together with inability to tackle and a xveak right end. must they ascribe their defeat. The deci sive score of 18 in the first half left no doubt of tho outcome. The en thusiasm of the great crowd visibly waned in the seooud half and the game was more desultory, the con tending lines swaying back and forth in the center of tho field, with neither side scoring and the badgers content to play a kicking game and let their opponents work back down, the grid iron. All the scoring was done in ths first half and many spectators mar veled that Wisconsin did not try harder to score in the second hglf. This was duo to tho orders of ft* coach between tho halves. Tho in structions were to punt freely and keep the hall in tho territory of Min nesota rather than try to boost the sore and run the risk of allowing a possible fluke to change the cipher that was to represent the count of tho gophers. When the two teams were on the field before the game, William Hale Thompson, ex captain of tho Chicago Athletic association team, exclaimed. “My, look at that contrast! Minne sota will surely win. They should land a score of 40 to 0. That squad of 30 Minnesota men Is the finest ag gregation of football players I have ever seen in years of observation of the greatest teams east and west." And yet the agile badgers ran all around them. The town went wild at night. The betting before the game was 5 to 4 in favor of Minnesota. Wisconsin now can claim with a de gree of safety the wostern footbaii championship. In Saturday’s game Minnesota was clearly outclassed at overy point except weight and In every stylo of play, offensive and defensive. Tills, of course, puts an end to all of Minnesota's claims upon the cham pionship, and also effectually disposes of lowa ns tho hawkeyes were easily defeated by the gophers. The only remaining game for Wisconsin Is that with Chicago on Thanksgiving day, and tho result is readily conceded as a victory for the cardinal. The only team that, possibly can bo thought of as a rival of Wisconsin Is Michigan. The wolverines have sot played a strong team this year, and their best game undoubtedly will be with lowa at Chicago Thanksgiving morning. But as lowa was beaten by Minnesota. It will he a difficult matter to get. Michigan Into Wisconsin’s clans even on the comparative score basis The Fauna of Hawaii, After 11 years of work, pays a die patch to the New York Tribune, R. C. L. Perkins, the English naturalist, has Just completed a collection of tho fauna of Hawaii, Ho has made two practically complete collections, one for the British museum of Honolulu. His work covers everything that flics, walks or creeps, and It also com prises conchology as applied to land sheds, ornithology and entomology. Among the curious facts disclosed by his collection are that Hawaii has the species of dragon flies that do not start ? n from water or shore larvae, and are m,. '“I shells lire numerous and bcantim. color and markings. The Indigenous Inserts are all small, On the various Islands birds differ in a marked way. The Bishop museum Is now issuing the results of Mr. Pe-km*- | abor , , a several large volumes. A newly arrived domestic waa se cured to do housework by an up-towa family In I-ewlston, Maine. In ths course of her duties she was told to Iron some clothes and hang them oa the horse. A little later the maid ap peared before her mlstresa with tbo clothes In her hands and a look of perplexity on her face. ' Why didn't you hang the clothe* on the horse, Bridget?” Inoulred tho latter. ' Sure an’ I tried to, ma’am, but ho kept movin’, an’ they wouldn’t stay. Bure enough, knowing no other horse In her native land, ahe had gone to the stable and endeavored to hang them on the restive Dobble, with the result Indicated. The above la a Icewlstun (Me.) Journal.