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Northern Wisconsin advertiser. [volume] (Wabeno, Wis.) 1898-1925, November 21, 1901, Image 3

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long prays for
Secretary of Navy Submits Annual Re
port Which Shows His Firm Be
lief in Desirability of Water Arma
ment Second to None in Europe or
Washington, Nov. 16.—The annual
report of the secretary of the navy,
Mr. Long, is an unusually interesting
report At the very outset there arc
recommendations that the number of
leu tenants be increased from 300 to
*6B, that the limit of the number of
Jaaior lieutenants and ensigns be
stadu 600, that the present enlisted
foru© be increased by 3,000 men, that
the marine corps be increased by 760
siem, and that the office of vice
cdmiral be revived.
The following table shows, in a con
cise form, a comparison of cur own
strength (of all ranks and ratingl
with that of the other principal naval
Nation. 1836. 18*9. ISOO.
Ragland 93,750 110.640 114,550
Crasce . 45,113 44,630 49.775
Germany 21.455 26,651 30,386
*ta 40,500 39,546 39,546
Itclr 24,200 24.560 25,804
•sited States 13,460 20.275 23,453
The Russian naval estimates foi
ISM proposed Increasing the total
force to 52,250 in 1900. and to 67,501
hi 1901. England increases her naval
personnel by making provision In the
estimates of each year for a sufficient
fsture increase in officers and men to
mas the new ships. France has
proposed this year to add to her per
sonnel: 150 lieutenant-commanders,
116 lieutenants, .101 ensigns and
Mdets, and 170 engineers. This in
crease is to be made at the rate or
6S line officers and 28 engineers per
year. France also proposes to in
crease her enlisted force at the rate
•f 2,320 men yearly. Germany pro
vides for the future increase of the
naval personnel in a systematic man
ner under the law governing her
shipbuilding policy. Its average in
crease in five years was 9,014.
Naval Academy.
Favorable consideration is invited
to the report of the board of visitors
to the naval academy, ird to its
recommendations: That the title of
‘‘midshipman,’' which is full of his
toric associations, be restored and
substituted for “naval cadet;" that
the probationary course for cadets be
reduced; that a post-graduate course
of instruction in engineering be
authorized; that no cadet shall here
after be appointed whose age is under
16 or over 18; that a training vessel
be built for the naval academy
sufficiently large to accommodate the
entire corps of cadets; that the num
ber of cadets at the academy be In
creased 50 per cent; and that there be
appointed annually by the president
ten at large.
National Naval Reserve.
Continuing tho secretary says: "l
have again to call attention to the
pressing need of a national naval
reserve force from which to draw for
sea service immediately upon an
outbreak of war. This subject has
received attention in previous re
ports, and recommendations have
been made for the enrollment and
organization of such a national body,
to be under the general direction of
the navy department and subject to
the call of the chief executive in
times of national emergency.
The results of the Spanish-Ameri
can war were such as to assure every
one having knowledge of naval
matters that steps should at once be
taken to meet the one certain and
positive requirement which will face
the nation upon an outbreak of war—
the immediate necessity at that
exigent time, if it comes, of a large In
crease in the men of the navy from an
existing reserve—an increase which
must, in the main, be made from the
seafaring class, who, having acquired
the habit of the sea, are at home on
the water. There is no better way or
insuring such a reserve than by the
measure now urged. Our pressing
aeed is for such a reserve—a body to
go to the front on board ship at once
upon the outbreak of war, or when it
is imminent. Next to this will
the defense of the coast, and for such
purpose the naval militia will be es
sential. I see reasons for both or
ganizations, and have heretofore
done ail possible to aid the one now
existing—the naval militia, and to
convince congress of the necessity for
the authorization of the other —the
national naval reserve.”
The manufacture of smokeless
powder has progressed satisfactorily,
both at the government works and at
those of private manufacturers.
The capacity of the armor plants is
now about 7.500 tons a year of armor
of the best quality; and at the instance
of the department the manufacturers
are making preparations to increase
their output to 10,000 or 12,000 tons a
year in order to complete deliveries in
accordance with present contracts
and also in order to be ready to pro
vide armor for additional vessels
should they be authorized by con
gress. They have already turned out
more armor than was anticipated.
Under authority vested in the de-
partment by congress contracts were
signed November 28, 1900, for over
37,000 tons of armor required for
vessels authorized and building.
Compering the tfsts made in this
country with reports of those made
abroad, our ptuoi seems to be the
I best that can at present be produced.
;and the price at which it Is obtained
is lower than that paid abroad.
Contracts for Veaseit.
Contract dated August 25, 1900, for
six submarine torpedo boats, and con
tract dated November 19, 1900, for one
submarine boat, authorized by the
act of June 10, 1896, as amended by
the act of March 3, 1899, to be com
pleted within eleven months from
date of contract, were awarded .to the
Holland Torpedo Boat company of
New York, at $170,000 each.
Contracts for the e.<nstniction of
the six armored cruisers authorized
by the acts of March 3, 1899 and June
7, 1900, to be completed within thirty
six months from date of contract,
were awarded to the following ship
building firms:
Cruiser No. 4, Pennsylvania, to the
Cramp company, Philadelphia, at
$3,890,000; speed, 22 knots.
Cruiser No. 5, West Virginia, to the
Newport News company, at $3,885.-
000; speed, 22 knots.
Cruiser No. 6, California, to Union
Iron Works, San Francisco, at $3,800.-
000; speed, 22 knots.
Cruiser No. 7, Colorado, to the
Cramp company, at $3,780,000; speed
22 knots.
Cruiser No. 8, Maryland, to the
Newport News company, at $3,775,-
000; speed, 22 knots
Cruiser No. 9, South Dakota, to the
Union Iron Works, at $3,750,000;
speed, 22 knots.
Contracts for the construction of
the five battleships authorized by the
acts of March 3, 1899, and June 7.
1900, to be completed within thirty
six months from date of contract
were awarded to the following ship
building firms:
Battleship No. 13, Virginia to the
Nerwport News company, at $3,590,-
000; speed, 19 knots.
Battleship No. 14, Nebraska, to
Moran Brothers company. Seattle, at
$3,733,600; speed, 19 knots.
Battleship No. 15, Georgia, Bath
Iron Works, at $3,590,000; speed, 19
knots. .>
Battleship No. 16, New Jersoy, to
Fore River Ship and Engine companv
Weymouth, Mass., at $3,405,000;
speed, 19 knots.
Battleship No. 17, Rhode Island, to
Fore River Ship company, at $3,405.
000; speed, 19 knots.
Contracts for the construction of
the three protected cruisers author
ized by the act of June 7, 1900, to be
completed within thirty-six months
from dato of contract, were awarded
to the following firms:
Protected cruiser No. 20, St. Louis,
to the Neafie & Levy Ship and Engine
Building company, Philadelphia, at
$2,740,000; speed 22 knots.
Protected cruiser No. 21, Milwau
kee, to Union Iron Works, at $2,825,-
000; speed 22 knots.
Protected cruiser No. 22, Charles
ton, to Newport News company, at
$2,740,000: speed 22 knots.
Naval Construction Abroad for 1901.
, v Tons.
England 116.620
France 41.872
Germany 26,470
Japan 12,303
Russia 54,835
United States 23,840
In addition to the foregoing, the
following tonnage has been authorized
and will be laid down during the cur
rent fiscal year:
England 126.660
France 48,260
Germany 47,470
Italy 25,250
Russia 39,100
United States
It will be noticed that England and
France will lay down about the same
amount in the next year as in the
past. Germany is following a building
program which will provide a strong
navy in 1908. and under the law
authorizing this program its govern
ment can replace a lost vessel by an
other of the same class, and can also
replace vessels of a certain age by
new ones, this age being for battle
ships twenty-five years, and for
cruisers from fifteen to twenty years
Japan has a further extension of b“-
navy under discussion, while Russia
progresses steadily with hers.
Ocean and Lake Surveys.
The officers and crews of 19 vessels
have been employed in hydrographic
work in all parts of the world in
which we have possessions, the re
sults of which, as embodied in hydro
graphic charts, sailing directions, and
other aids to mariners, will prove of
great benefit to maritime interests.
Wireless Telegraphy.
During the past year particular at
tention has been given to the prac
tical development of wireless teleg
raphy, in connection of the trials
mentioned in ray last report. The
bureau is studying the many systems
of wireless telegraphy now in evidence
with a view to the adoption of the
most practical method.
Proposed Naval Station in Philippines.
In accordance with the directions
contained in the last naval appropria
tion act, the department organized a
commission of officers to select and
report upon the best site for a naval
station in the Philippines. It unani
mously recommends Olongapo in
Subig bay. The necessity for such a
station is apparent and an appropria
tion should be made for it. Our in
terests in that pa ♦ of the world nee-*
sitate the presence of a large fleet In
Asiatic waters at all times. While n
time of peace these vessels can be
doked and repaired in foreign dock
yards or sent thousands of miles away
to our own naval stations cn th;
Pacific, it goes without saying tha
this would not be the case In time of
war on our part, and even of a war in
which we might be a neutral
Porto Rico.
In accordance with the provisions
of the last naval appropriation act
directing an examination of the coajt
of Porto Rico for the selection of a
site for a naval station, a board was
appointed which made an examination
of the coast of Porto Rico. It recom
mends that the naval station b<
located on the shores of the harbor of
San Juan, and includes in its recom
mendations the construction of a dry
Hawaiian Islands.
The same act contains a provision
appropriating $150,000 for the purchase
of land for a naval station, and for
harbor, Island of,Oahu. Negotiations
harbor and channel defenses at Pearl
for the purchase of land failed, the
owners refusing to entertain propos'-.
tions for its sale. Under these cir
cumstances, the department deemed I
it advisable to direct the commandant
of the naval station at Honolulu to
take steps looking to the condemna
tion of a tract of land about Pearl
harbor sufficient for naval purposes.
Proceedings to that end were accord
ingly commenced.
Island of Guam.
In accordance with the act of con
gress approved June 6, 1900, a board
was appointed to make a survey, plan
and estimates for the improvement of
a harbor at the island of Guam, with
particular reference to the inprove
ment • of the harbor of San Luis
d’Apra, e ther by dredging a basin or
by building a breakwater, and to he
establishment of a naval base ind
A' A.
Secretary of the Navy.
| coal depot From the report of the
board it appears that a breakwater is
not considered advisable on account
of its great cost and the uncertainty I
of its resistance against storms, and
because it is not necessary for the]
protection of the inner harbor. Th'
board, however, makes recomruemla j
tions looking to the Improvement of j
the harbor of San Luis d'Apra by i
dredging, to the establishment of a ]
naval base and coaling station, to
necessary means of defense, and to
the selection of a town site.
Naval Rendezvous,
The department recommends the
consideration of a plan for a general
naval rendezvous at some suitable
place, to be independent of the navy
yard and, while including comtnodlou"
barracks for the whole enlisted force,
devoted also to the training of en
listed men of the artificer branch of,
the service. The mechanical element ]
is now one of the most important ini
the management of our ships; the]
machinery ou shipboard in complicat-!
ed and Gl££timeß delicate, and thej
men who mjg it shotlla wl be gre<
hands, but trained to that service.
This would make for both economy
and efficiency. In such a rendezvous J
the enlisted men should be made I
familiar with all the mechanical ap- (
pliances with which they would have 1
to do on shipboard. There is no ’
reason why boilers should not be set
up on shore at such a rendezvous
engines run, and all the other ap
pliance* of naval machinery typically
represented. Such a station would'
serve for the assembling, recruiting
and drilling of the enlisted force from
which the crews for vessels would be
drafted as required. When supple
mented with the necessary drill ships
assigned from the regular service. It
would form for the artificer branch a
training station corresponding to
those already existing at Newport and
San Francisco for the seamen branch,
and to that existing at Newport and
Washington for the gunnery branch
It is recommended that the name of
the league Island navyyard be
changed to “Philadelphia navyyard ”
The Navy Ration.
The department In July ordered a
board to report upon an Improved
ration and messing system for the
navy. The present ration has been I
substantially without chaige since jt'
was established in 1861. The board
recommends legislation that will give
to the crews of our ships a liberal and
proper diet under all conditions of
service, without compelling them to
contribute to their own subsistence,
as at present. The changes recom
mended are approved, and would
make the cost of the ration about 39
cents per man per diem, which is now
its nominal and commutation value.
At present the actual cost of the
ration is from 21 to 22 cents.
It is shown that the naval ap
propriations for tl>e fiscal year 1901,ox
lusive of public works, was $37,913,-
406. amounts drawn $29,770,255,
balances June 30, $8,143,151. The
total amount deposited in the
treasury from Nor. 1, 1900, to Nov. 1,
1901, arising from the sale of con
demned naval vessels, condemned
war prizes and their cargoes, stores,
materials, nautical books and charts,
fuel, clothing, rents of government
property, supplies furnished to other
branches of the government, and
from other lawful disposition of public
property under the cognizance of the
navy department, was $360,490.20. Of
this sum, $142,427.07 was covered into
the treasury as "miscellaneous
receipts on account of proceeds of
public property.” Included in the re
mainder, $218,053.13, are sums ag
gregating $53,629.21 accruing from
sales of condemned war prizes and
their cargoes, which amounts have
been deposited to the credit, of the
“navy pension fund, Spanish war,”
and “prize money to captors, Spanish
war.” The balance, $164,423.92, has
been carried, as authorized by law, to
the credit of the proper appropria
tions. to bo applied to naval purposes.
Medicine and Surgery.
A large proportion of the r.aval
force has for the past year been em
ployed in and about the Philippines.
This force has been notably free from
j epidemic diseases, and, with the ex-
I ceptlon of Cavite fever the cases
admitted to the Cavite hospital have
been those that would have occurred
in any southern climate. In the force
afloat and ashore tho death rate from
disease has been less than that for
tho previous year.
The reports from Guam indicate
that tiic inhabitants are proceeding
with the establishment of a eivil
hospital, showing a desire to conform
to the customs of other communities.
Typhoid fever on the island, common
during the first part of the year 1900,
has now almost disappeared. The
natives continue to be taught by the
medical officers of the station to
properly care for themselves, and the
death rate has been considerably re
duced. especially among women and
children. A dispensary has been
opened at Pago Pago, island of
Tutuila, where the natives obtain
such medicines and treatment as they
require. The sick quarters at San
Juan, Porto lUco, have had relatively
few occupants during the past year,
and few oases of disease have oc-
Ctin“-d among the naval force remain
ing in n*ijWa. Tho passage by tho
last congress of tho ftor g.'yjnj
■ant surgeons in the navy the *am
rank as assistant surgeons in the
array has proved of great benefit to
the corps Avery desirable class of
young medirai men is now seeking ad
mission, and the number of vacancies
has boon reduced from 17 at last
report to 4, and it is probable that
these will soon be filled.
The navy department bear* witness
to the utility of the prevent system of
the civil service. It prevents favor
itism and makes merit the test of
entrance into place and of standing
and advance in it, and the result has
been a decided increase in efficiency.
In some cases where the examinations
of the civil service commission, which
commission this department has
always found most helpful, have not
been able to supply the needs of the
department, fa has been permitted
to adopt within Itself the methods of
that commission, thus recognizing In
local application the general principle
of what Is now an approved reform.
For Instance, the regulations govern
Ing the employment of labor at navy
yards, promulgated In September,
1891, provided that foremen, master
mechanics, quartermen In charge
and other men In charge at navy
i yards, should be appointed after com-
I petitlve examination before a board
of naval officers. The rules of the
United States civil service commis
sion provided that, all special
mechanics and civilian assistant in
spectors of work and material (in
eluding armor, armor plate, ordnance,
marine engines, hulls, buildings,
dredging, etc.) employed at navy
yards, naval stations, and at private
shipbuilding and manufacturing es
tablishments where work is done by
contract for the navy department
should be appointed after competitive
examination before a board of naval
officers, in the same manner as fore
men. master mechanics, etc.
The results of the amendment of
November 20, 1900, are shown by the
following statements: Between No
vember. 1899, and November, 1900,
in response to requests from the navy
department for draftsmen, the United
States civil service commission made
64 certifications, containing the names
of 133 persons. Of the 64 certifica
tions but 25 contained the fill! quota
of three ellgibles for each place. Of
the 133 persons certified, 53 were ap
pointed, 16 declined appointment, 36
were not qualified, and 2 were already
in the service. The number of per
sons certified, 133, Includes persons
who were certified for two or more
The department, owing to the'in
ability of the civil service com
mission to certify a sufficient number
of ellgibles during this period, was
compelled to appoint 41 draftsmen
temporarily without formal examina
tion. Such temporary appointments
were made with the approval of the
United States commission, but the de
lay in getting competent persons by
this method was unsatisfactory. The
navy department held 74 examinations
from November 20. 1900, to November
1, 1901. Six hundred and forty-four
applicants were examined. 374 failed
270 passed, 122 were appointed to
existing vacancies, and 32 were ap
pointed to subsequent vacancies.
Increase of the Navy.
The navy today is a far greater
factor in our relations with tho world
than it was before the recent national
expansion which now includes Porto
Rico, the Hawaiian islands, the vast
urea of land and sea in the Philip
pines, and our obligations to Cuba. If
we are to have a navy at all it must
bo commensurate with thoso great ex
tensions —greater in International
even than in territorial importance
This necessarily Involves the con
struction of more naval vessels, their
manning, exercise and maintenance.
The general board, of which the
admiral is president, recommends the
following increase of the navy:
Four first class battle ships; two first
class armored cruisers; four picket
vessels of about 650 tons trial dis
placement, with a sea speed of 15
knots, with twin screws, carrying a
battery of four 6-pounder and two
Colt’s guns amt a complement of 00
officers and men; six sheathed and
copperedi seagoing gunboats of about
1,000 tons trial displacement, with
moderate sail power, similar to the
Annapolis class: six light-draft steel
gunboats of about 600 tons trial dis
placement, for insular service In the
Phillppncs; six light-draft, steel gun
boats of about 200 tons trial displace
ment, not to exceed 6 feet draft, for
insular service in the Philippines; six
steel sailing training ships of about
2,000 tons trial displacement; one col
lier of 10,000 tons cargo capacity and
a sea speed of 12 knots; 3,000 enlisted
men, in order that they may be en
listed and drilled in preparation for
the completion of the ships; 750 ma
rines; an increase of 50 per cent, in
the number of naval cadets now al
lowed by law, in order to provide for
the increase of officers needed for the
ships recommended above.
The board on construction recom
mends; Three seagoing battle ships
of about 16,000 tons trial displace
ment; two armored cruisers of about
14,500 tons trial displacement; six
gunboats of about 1,200 tons displace
ment: six gunboats of about 600 tons
displacement; six gunboats of about
200 tons displacement.; two colliers of
about 15,000 tons displacement; one
repair ship of about 7,500 tons dis
placement; six training ships of about
2,000 tons displacement; four picket
boats of about 650 tons displacement;
four tugboats.
All the vessels thus recommended
are desirable In the prospective and
harmonious deveopment of our naval
force. A larger increase than usual is
!zq dcslrablo in view of the fact that
cope wgg jjjjtJe last year. Some of
the vessels above recommended, how
ever, can better than others he oul* 1 '
ted for the present from the list arid
await appropriation hereafter. Among
these are the gunboats of 600 tons dis
placement. In case the picket boats
of similar dimensions are authorized;
also the repair ship and a portion of
each of the other classes of smaller
war vessels. The department there
fore recommends; Three first-class
battle ships; two flrst-class armored
cruisers; three gunboats, each of
about 1,000 tons trial displacement, for
Insular service; three picket boats,
each of about 650 tons trial displace
ment; three steel sailing training
ships, each of about 2,000 tons trial
displacement; one collier of about 15,-
000 tons trial displacement; four tug
The boy in the barber shop had
flourished the whisk broom a few
times over the customer's clothes,
brushed his hat, and handed It to him.
and stood waiting.
“Thanks, Lycurgus,” said the cus
tomer. “The nickel I used to give
you I have to pay now for having my
neck ihared.”
Tremendous Contest Which 10,000 or
More Spectator* Witness—Score
of 18 to 0 Is Made All
in the First Half of tha
Madison, W'ls. Nor. 18.—At Camp
Randall Saturday the Wisconsin uni
versity football eleven subjected the
Minnesota team to a sensational and
conclusive defeat, the score being 18
to 0, and thus virtually won the west
ern championship. A vast uudience of
10,000 to 13,000 people witnessed the
great contest, over 2,000 gopher
looters came from Minneapolis alone
and a dozen special trains were neces
sary to bring the visitors from the
various directions.
The game was really played and
won In the first half. When with the
first play Minnesota failed to break
the badger lino prophecies of a Wis
consin victory were freely made. The
gophers were completely “run off
their feet.” Though heavier than the
badgers they were not ns quick. To
this fact, together with inability to
tackle and a xveak right end. must
they ascribe their defeat. The deci
sive score of 18 in the first half left
no doubt of tho outcome. The en
thusiasm of the great crowd visibly
waned in the seooud half and the
game was more desultory, the con
tending lines swaying back and forth
in the center of tho field, with neither
side scoring and the badgers content
to play a kicking game and let their
opponents work back down, the grid
All the scoring was done in ths
first half and many spectators mar
veled that Wisconsin did not try
harder to score in the second hglf.
This was duo to tho orders of ft*
coach between tho halves. Tho in
structions were to punt freely and
keep the hall in tho territory of Min
nesota rather than try to boost the
sore and run the risk of allowing a
possible fluke to change the cipher
that was to represent the count of tho
When the two teams were on the
field before the game, William Hale
Thompson, ex captain of tho Chicago
Athletic association team, exclaimed.
“My, look at that contrast! Minne
sota will surely win. They should
land a score of 40 to 0. That squad
of 30 Minnesota men Is the finest ag
gregation of football players I have
ever seen in years of observation of
the greatest teams east and west."
And yet the agile badgers ran all
around them. The town went wild at
night. The betting before the game
was 5 to 4 in favor of Minnesota.
Wisconsin now can claim with a de
gree of safety the wostern footbaii
championship. In Saturday’s game
Minnesota was clearly outclassed at
overy point except weight and In every
stylo of play, offensive and defensive.
Tills, of course, puts an end to all of
Minnesota's claims upon the cham
pionship, and also effectually disposes
of lowa ns tho hawkeyes were easily
defeated by the gophers. The only
remaining game for Wisconsin Is that
with Chicago on Thanksgiving day,
and tho result is readily conceded as
a victory for the cardinal.
The only team that, possibly can bo
thought of as a rival of Wisconsin Is
Michigan. The wolverines have sot
played a strong team this year, and
their best game undoubtedly will be
with lowa at Chicago Thanksgiving
morning. But as lowa was beaten by
Minnesota. It will he a difficult matter
to get. Michigan Into Wisconsin’s clans
even on the comparative score basis
The Fauna of Hawaii,
After 11 years of work, pays a die
patch to the New York Tribune, R. C.
L. Perkins, the English naturalist,
has Just completed a collection of tho
fauna of Hawaii, Ho has made two
practically complete collections, one
for the British museum of Honolulu.
His work covers everything that flics,
walks or creeps, and It also com
prises conchology as applied to land
sheds, ornithology and entomology.
Among the curious facts disclosed by
his collection are that Hawaii has the
species of dragon flies that do
not start ? n from water or shore
larvae, and are m,. '“I
shells lire numerous and bcantim.
color and markings. The Indigenous
Inserts are all small, On the various
Islands birds differ in a marked way.
The Bishop museum Is now issuing
the results of Mr. Pe-km*- | abor , , a
several large volumes.
A newly arrived domestic waa se
cured to do housework by an up-towa
family In I-ewlston, Maine. In ths
course of her duties she was told to
Iron some clothes and hang them oa
the horse. A little later the maid ap
peared before her mlstresa with tbo
clothes In her hands and a look of
perplexity on her face.
' Why didn't you hang the clothe*
on the horse, Bridget?” Inoulred tho
' Sure an’ I tried to, ma’am, but ho
kept movin’, an’ they wouldn’t stay.
Bure enough, knowing no other
horse In her native land, ahe had
gone to the stable and endeavored to
hang them on the restive Dobble, with
the result Indicated. The above la a
Icewlstun (Me.) Journal.

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