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GIRLS PLAY SHINNY
BUT TIB KNOWN BY THE NAME OF HOCKEY CROWING IN POPULARITY With Smith College Students It It All the Rage—Fair One* Appear In “Gym" Suite Which Are Unhap pily Not Noted For Witchery of Design. Someone in writing recently of the •volution of Ideas sketched the devel opment of the palace car and the au tomobile from the original perception that aid could be gained In moving heavy bodies by the use of rollers of wood or stone. Had this Interesting writer chosen to amplify his Illustra- tion he might have shown that when the rolling-stone idea first dawned upon the brain of primitive man It sontalned great possibilities for the amusement, as well as the profit, of the race—that from It there came with the passing of ages not only the palace car and the automobile, but many of the chief amusements of modern civil 1 nation, including hockey and golf. In fancy one may see Mr. Stonehatchet and Mr. Sklnclothea (to borrow the names invented by a famous comic art ist) walking peacefully at the crest of a gently sloping beach. On the beach there chanced to be stone worn smooth and round by the action of the waves. Stonehatchet stumbled upon this stone and started it rolling toward the water. Br one of those flashes of Inspiration that have marked the progress of hu ■an affairs he saw that he bad struck *‘a good thing” and he Instantly ' pushed it along” by a blow with his club. Skinclothes sought to prevent the curious-shaped stone from roiling Into the water, and, running after It, knocked It up the beach. It is need less to explain why Stonehatchet sent It rolling down again, and the process was repeated a thousand times in the furious hour which followed. Stonehatchet and Skinclothes were nnder the spell of shinny and golf and hockey, which hns remained potent from that far-off day to the present time. It only remains to suggest the tragic ending that must have closed a game of hockey played without rules by men of lleroe passions. Skin clothes got the ball well under his con trol and Stonehatchet, not being' able to hit It, smote Skinclothes on the head and slew him. This sad out come did not prevent the new game from becoming at once all the rage with the cave-dwellers,but,as the early crops of ancestors were sparse, It be came necessary to make a rule that any player killing more than three of his opponents in one game should for ever be debarred from play. This was wisely deemed far more effective thnn a penalty of execution. Thus the structure of the modern game, with Us elaboration of rules, was started. in this first rule one may see the essence, of which me modern refinement Is the rule of hockey as It Is played by the young women of Smith college at Northampton—that a player may "hook” his opponents’ sticks but must not "hook” the opponents themselves. There is, it will be seeu, today the solicitous care against a diminution of the number of players. From the t'mo of that original game It was evident that hockey on the broad and vigorous lines which distinguished tt up to the most recent stage of Its development was no game for women and girls. Shinny is now a girls’ game only •hey always use the other term hockey. They have played golf for some time, but golf is only a species, of which the genus Is hockey. The game as played by the college girls, who have recently adopted it as their favorite pastime, is the real article, only they have developed It to a much more scientific stage than the boys ever did. The boys never got much beyond the primitive method of the stoue age. But the girls have made of It a modern game, without destroying the “gamlness” ofllat —a game to be played iu matches and tournaments, with rules that demand mental as well a* physical exercise, as most modem games do. The groat shinny Idea, as worked out In the game of hockey and played by the youug women at Smith college, calls for a hockey field 100 yards in length and 00 yards wide. The field on the Smith college campus, st least, is not grnded or rolled, but is laid out on closely cropped grass ground. The hounds are plainly marked by side lines and goal lines , (the end lines). The goals are at the middle point of the goal lines, and consist of sticks 12 feet apart, with a crosspiece seven sect from the ground. At the goals there are “striking cir cle*,” which are half circles, extend ing from the goals 12 yards Into the field. There is a center line (midway of the field) and 25-yard “bully” lines (25 yards from either goal). The use of the word "bully ” In hockey undoubt edly proceeds from the rule that, when the ball Is about to be put into play, two girls of opposite sides stand over the ball nnd worry It—and incidentally worry each other. The ball Is a cricket ball, somewhat smaller than a baseball, and more stoutly built and covered. The sticks are about the usual length of shinny sticks, and curved at one end in the usual way. They must not be more than two Inches in thickness, and must not weigh more than 28 ounces. Two opposing hockey teams number 11 players each—five forwards, three halfbacks, two fullbacks and a goal keeper. When play Is about to begin the forwards of the opposing teams face each other at the center line, the halfbacks are midway between the center line and the bully line, the full backs are on the bully lines, and the goal-keepers are at the goals. The game is played In 35-minute halves. In beginning the play the ball is placed at the middle point of the center line, and two players, usually the captains of the teams, stand facing opposite side lines, which brings them into proper position to address the ball. The ball Is then bullied off. This process constats In the players strik ing the ground on their respective sides of the ball and then each other’s sticks over the ball three times, after which ceremonial both of the players strike at the ball, and the best man (that Is, the best girl) wins the first shot, and sends the ball Into oppo nents’ territory. It will be seen that, at the very beginning, there Is a fine advantage to be gained. In which the fraction of a second counts, as it counts in the dexterous trick of coup ling in hose races. The game then proceeds by the ef forts of each team to keep the ball moving toward the opponents’ goal. When the ball has been forced to the striking circle in front of opponets' goal a stroke may then be made to drive the hall through the goal, and if this Is successful a goal Is counted. Except In a certain penalty shot pro vided, a hall struck outside the strik ing circle and passing through the goal does not score a goal for the side making the play. Good team work, of course, counts greatly for success. The rules and regulations are most ex plicit Some of those most suggestive of the character of the game are the following: The ball may be caught, but must be at once dropped; may be stopped by the body, but must not be picked up, carried, kicked or thrown. There must be no play with the back of the stick, and no personal encounter of the players. A player may hook the stick, but not the person of an op ponent. The goal-keeper Is allowed to kick the ball. No left-handed or back handed play Is allowed. Tho stick must never rise above the shoulder of the player. (This rule tends to ob viate roughness.) - If a ball Is driven 1 beyond a goal line it is brought back to the 25-yard Hue, and there bullied. If It rolls beyond a side line It Is rolled back. The penalties for infringement of rules are: Free goals, free hits and bullies. There are two umpires, each of which takes half the field and tne whole of one side. Persistent rough players are snpended from the game. Hockey was first Introduced at Smith college two weeks ago, and there are already 500 students on the list of players. Although such enthu siastic reception of the game suggests the meteoric progress of a fad, it Is hardly likely to go Into the decline which soon marks the mere fad. The game Is recognized as meeting a need of the college. Miss Senda Berenson, teacher of gymnastics, had noted the progress made by the gan-e and learned of the benefits claimed for It. when she received a request from Miss Constance Applebee, an English woman, who has been introducing the game In this country, that she be per mitted to instruct the students of Smith in the game. Miss Applebee came, and the students hailed the new old game with delight, while Miss Ber enson was more than ever convinced of its merit. In the short time Miss Applebee was at the college she coached six elevens. Teams were made up by the students of the several houses, and within a week 24 teams were formed and 50 girls had signed the list of prospective players. The hockey field is now in use every week day afternoon, and each of the 21 teums gets a chance to play twice a week Miss Berenson considers that the game has several advantages over basket ball, most Important of which Is that it Is played out of doors. Al though the exercise is vigorous, the game can be played without roughness or exhausting vitality. It benefits the heart and lungs and develops endur ance. It is a scientific game, and pro duces mental alertness Miss Boren sou says that aptitude for team work seems to be born In men. while the In stinct for co-operation Is less evident In girls, and may be developed to the).* advantage, in hookey there is not so great a demand for strength as there is in basket ball, and more girls will become Interested and successful in It. The weaker players may be placed at' TURKEY ANTIQUE. A. "Waiter, I thought 1 told you to briug me 8, v ,...v~ iliee, young, tender turkey." "Yes, sah, an' tbit’s what I done give yo*, sah.” "Well, if this is young turkey, it must have been hatched from a hard-boiled egg.” the points of less activity, and, while lacking in strength, may be found to possess quickness of eye and prompt ness of action. The activity demand ed of the players lessens in the follow ing order: Halfbacks, forwards, full backs, goal-keepers. There Is a mistaken Impression that hockey is Intended to supersede basket ball. This is not so. Basket ball Is a game for the few and exceptionally strong, while hockey Is a game for the many of average strength. Miss Ber enson said that, if the girls were to seek to play basket ball in such num bers as they ask to* learn hockey, three gymnasiums like the present one would be needed. In fact, the present gymnasium, though still called the new gymnasium, is already middle aged, or rather old, in that it Is out grown. A gams, therefore, that leads the students to get their exercise out of doors Is doubly welcome. The game can be played very late In the season. It Is said even that It is played all winter In England. The teams from the several houses are already playing matches, and there will, no doubt, be many Interesting tournaments. The hockey sticks which are found satis factory are rather expensive, costing from $2 to $2.50. About 50 of the girls have bought sticks, and the field as sociation has bought two dozen more, which are rented to players. The terminology of modernized hockey is only jusfc started, but it may yet become as awe-inspiring as the golf language. The hockey costume is yet to be evolved, and you may pict ure the Smith young women as happy as you please with anew game to play and anew style to create. At. present they wear their gymnasium suits, which are comfortable enough, though not distinctive of the game, and are unquestionably proper for an out-of door game. In fact, they are too prop er—that Is, one has to cruise about the point sometimes in discussing the siters—a “gym” suit, though as ample as a buffalo robe, Is not characterized by witchery of design. NEW WOMAN’S ERA. What Will Happen When the Good Time Comes. “Prlsoneress at the bar,” sternly said the high-browed and somewhat angular prosecuting attorneyess, while the judgess frowned ominously and the ladies of the jury glared with baleful Intensity that boded ill for the tremb ling wretches In the prisoners’ box. ‘‘Prlsoneress at the bar, you are charged with one of the most Inhuman and atrocious crimes on record—the slaughtering In cold bold of the hus band of your bosom while he lay peace fully sleeping away the holy hours of a recent Sabbath morning—a crime so revolting, so without even a shadow of extenuation, so—” “Without even a shadow of extenua tion?” cried the miserable wretchess in desperation. ‘‘Listen! I came home from church and found him snoring away, with his head on one of my best sofa pillows, and driven frantic by the sight, I seized the first thing that came handy and —” “Your Honoress,” Interrupted the at torneyess, bursting Into tears, ‘the ex planation just given by our poor frlendess here puts an entirely differ ent face on the matter, and I move that the Indictment be immediaely quashed and the prlsoneress discharged forth with'” “The motion is gladly granted!” cried the Courtess in a voice shaking with emotion, while the juryesses arose and explained in unison. “Served him right!” It is confidently predicted that tms moving incident will take place In about the year 1919. THE WATER LILY. The star looked down, and, on the lake afar. Thought Its reflection was another star. Its glowing beauty won his Instant love, Aud lured him from bright fellowship above. A leap of light—a flash upon the lake! The fallen star too late knew his mis take. Kind heaven. In pity for his deep de spair. Bade him shine on. a water lily there; And now, fair nights, he upward lifts his eyes. Responsive to his brethren in the skies. —George Birdsey in Town and Coun try. SCANDIA **** >••• HNMMMMSSMSSMS Batten of Moment * From tbs Far-off Northland HOLGER DANBKE. I will retujrn when on the southern headland The battle signal flares upon the night— I will return ic ye have dreamed, my people, I will return to fight the final fight! The centuries rest heavy on my spirit, But through my slumber I have heard your prayer; I will awake upon the day of danger And lead you unto triumph from de spair. I sleep, remembering, slumbering, un forgettlng; Like days the generations dawn and fade; I wait in darkness underneath the castle; And no man knows wherein my bones are laid. Through my long dream I will listen to the voices— The centuries that whisper through my sleep; I hear the laughter and the sounds of sorrow, I hear the bugles, and I hear ye weep. I hear the tread of nations, and the passing Of ships out .'n the sunlight of the Gate; I hear the sentry’s steps upon the ram parts, I hear the sea gulls crying—and I wait. —R. V. Rlsley, In Criterion. TONGUE OF NORWAY. Hr. Poestion, the Austrian philolo gist, writes very entertainingly on the Scandinavian languages In Die Zelt. Swedish is the most musical of the three, and Danish the least. As com pared with Danish, the Norwegian speech, though very similar, is clearer and simpler, Danish holding somewhat the same relation as Portuguese to Spanish. Foreign literary interest at present is largely confined to Norway, giving the language a prominence over that of Its sister tongues. Even Dr. Georg Brandes complains that for eigners learn Norwegian rather than Danish. , “Even from a practical standpoint, Norwegian is to be preferred,” writes Mr. Poestion. It is easier to learn, he says, as Danish, on account of its pe culiarities of pronunciation, is as diffi cult as Russian. The method of pro nunciation and articulation is on much the same principle as German. If one speaks Norwegian it is comparatively easy to understand educated Swedes and Danes, and a man can make him self understood to educated people in the other northern countries. The same can be said of Swedish, as the Swedes and Danes understand each other only after considerable practice. An educated Norwegian understands both with ease. The story is told of a Swedish professor traveling in Den mark being compelled to use German In order to make his.wants known. In Denmark, he says, Norwegians are often taken for Swedes, much to their disgust. On the other hand, a Swede never mistakes a Norwegian for a Dane. The Norwegian language deserves the prominence it has at tained by its literature, which has at tracted the attention of foreign cul ture LEIF ERSKSON. A handsome monument to Leif Erik son has just been unveiled in Hum boldt park, Chicago. It is a gift of the Norwegian born citizens of Chicago and is the result of a movement began ten years ago. Sufficient funds to be gin work on a design for the monu ment were at hand years ago, when Sigvald Asbjornsen, a Norwegian sculptor of this city, was commis sioned to submit designs. The design selected Is a heroic figure of the dis coverer standing nine and one-half feet high, cast in bronze and weighing about a ton. The figure stands on a red Wisconsin granite bowlder weigh ing twenty-five tons. The bowlder is six feet in height and seven feet across. This was placed in position In Humboldt park on a mound about six feet In height. The only inscription which is to be placed on the monu ment will be a bronze tablet, in runic and English, with the words Leif Erik son. The figure will face tne west. The site selected for the monument is. just east of the new pavilion, where I the two boulevards cross. The cost of the entire work Is placed at $10,000; SWEDEN'S NEW ARMY. Sweden's army is to be reorganlxed, Increased and modernised. The total strength now Is about 40.000, but un der the new regulations it will be practically doubled. Hereafter, general personal service will be required, recruits serving one year in the cavalry and artillery, and eight months in the infantry; the 24 existing regiments of infantry, of which two are In the Varivade or en listed troops, will be Increased by the addition cf a third battalion to each and three new fortress regiments will be raised, with three battalions in each. The field artillery will receive new Krupp guns and the reserve of of ficers, which numbered 725 in 1900 will be increased. As about 30.000 men enter the Vampligtlge yearly, the army will be increased temporarily each year by that number, besides the permanent increase of the Vartvad® and the Indelta. BIG FIRES. The fire in Bergen on Sept. 22 de stroyed property valued at over 3,000,- 000 kroner. It broke out in the busi ness district at the wharves and car ried away a whole square of quaint old warehouses, some of them dating back to the days when Bergen was a Hansa town. Strandgaden suffered moßt. From the standpoint of students and tourists, the destruction of the old buildings is to be deplored, but while the owners suffer a great loss for the present, the new warehouses and buildings will be much more satisfac tory and useful. Kalundborg, Denmark, was partially destroyed Sept. 23. The fire broke out in a sawmill and lumber yard. It spread to some near-by warehouses and eventually reached the business houses on the main street, doing great damage. The loss was not as great as was originally reported, and will not exceed 2,000,000 kroner. NOTED MAN GONE. Sweden has lost another of her es teemed sons. Olof Wiik, progressive and wealthy merchant and an able pol itician, has followed Posse, Hazelius, Forssell, Nordenskjold and Wenner berg. When Wiik’s father died the 23-year-old boy took personal charge of the great business and greatly expand ed it. For ten years he was president of the second chamber of the Danish riksdag and he was a close personal friend of Oscar 11. He was several times offered a port folio in the ministry and other desir able appointments, but declined the honor. A DIPLOMAT DIES. George Christian Sibbern, formerly a member of the Norwegian ministiy and a well-known diplomat, died at Christiania, aged 85. He came to the United States in 1850, as consul gen eral and charge d’affaires for Sweden and Norway, and was later made min ister. Ho was sent as ambassador to Constantinople, and in 1858 became minister of state at Stockholm. He re mained there until 1871, but In two dif ferent ministries. _ From 1878 to 1884 be represented the united kingdoms at Paris, retiring then to his beautiful es tate, Verno Cloister, near Moss. MUST FIGHT OR PAY. It is proposed by Norway’s military committee that all males subject to military service, ,but who escape duty, and all who have shorter service than in the regular infantry, shall pay a tax. Those who serve a complete pe riod pay no tax, while they who es cape altogether pay the full tax. It Is also proposed that no male citizen over 16 years shall be allowed to leave the country unless he has com pleted his military duties or paid the required tax. ' POPULATION OF NORWAY. The official report on the Norwegian census taken last December gives somewhat higher figures than the pre liminary reports. The total population is 2,239,880, an increase of 238,961 since January, 1891. There are 1,087,- 479 males and 1,152,401 females, an ex cess of 54,922 females. Ten years ago the females had a majority of 69,095. SIBERIA FOR THE FINNS The Finnish correspondent of Stock holm Aftonbladet confirms the report that the governor general of Finland has received authority to exile Finue to Siberia and other distant parts of the Russian empire. HIS ADVENTUROUS CAREER. Stepfather of James Boys Experienced Many Thrilling Episodes. The acceptance of Dr. Reuben Samuels, stepfather of Frank and Jesse James, as a priavte patient at Hospital for the Insane No. 2 in St. Joseph, and the announcement that his condition Is such that he Is on the verge of collapse, recalls several events of interest in the early lives of the James boys and their com patriots. Dr. Samuels was often forced to play an important part in the es capades of Jesse James, although sometimes unwillingly. One of the exciting events In his life occurred In 1862. when he was strung up to a tree by the federal troops and left for dead. The tocsin of war had just been sounded and the terrible Quantrell had made hts first raid through north- J west Missouri. He attracted many young men with fighting disposition to his standard, among them be ug Frank James. Jesse would have gone, too, but he was only 14 years old. and was rejected by Quantrell lie cause of his tender years. But Jese did good service as a courier, anl often bore important information con cerning the location of the federal troops to the Quantrell camp. Jesses activity and the decided ex pressions frequently made by Dr. Samuels, who was then living on the farm in Clay county, which he left s few days ago. so angered the federal troops that It was determined to make an example of the family. One night in June, 1862. a company of militia men approached the Samuels home stead. which is near Kearney, in Clay county, and informed the doctor that they were there for business. He was taken unceremoniously from the house, securely tied hy a heavy rope. and supended from a convenient tre> to choke to death. But Mrs. Samuels had followed at * safe distance, and as soon as the militiamen had ridden away she rushed to the rescue of her husband, whom she cut down and nursed back to life. , At one time a posse of raiders set fire to their house with balls of turpentine. The wanted men had made their escape long before* the coming of the citizens’ committee, and the only members of the family at home were Dr. and Mrs. Samuels, their 8-year-old son and daughter, Miss Susie. These, with the old colored servant, fought the flames which the turpentine balls had caused until they had them under control. At this moment one of the party making the attack threw a hand grenade into the room among thp badly frightened occupants and the terrible explosion that followed gave unmistakable evidence that the James boys were not the only outlaws In these parts at that moment When the sound of the explosion had died away the moans and cries from with in the house told the marauders of r the crime they had committed. When a lamp was lighted. Dr Samuels found his 8-year-old sou in the agonies of death, having received a terrible wound in the side from the explosion of the shell. Mrs. Samuels’ right arm had been shattered and hung helpless at her side. It was found necessary to amputate th member. When the detectives and citizens’ posse realized what an inexcusable 3ct they had been guilty of they with drew hastily, perhaps fearing that sudden and sure retribution would overtake them if they tarried near the scene. BUT WE DID AND WE WILL. When the fathers of our history de clared that men are free, And flung their buckskin gauntlet at the power across the sea, There were fearful, faltering ones Who declared by all the suns Of the hoary-headed centuries that It could never be, We could never, never do it— But we did. Though the narrow ones were nervous. There were siurdy souls of servle. And we did. When they welded all our feeble states to one united chain, And proclaimed an open market to the wide world's brawn and brain. Kings and tyrants of all lands Rolled their heads and raised their hands As they clamored at the notion *f a nation gone insane; And they said, “You’ll never do it' But we did. Spite of friction and of faction, There was singleness of actio*. And we did. ’ When they placed the power of go ernment in reach of rick and poor. With a ballot held in every hand to make its meaning sure, Every fossilated fogy Conjured up a special bogy, With a “What! the serving and the served, the gentle and tne hoor? Oh, you must not, dare not do itf“ But we did. For we know man, born of woman If he’s nothing else, he’s human, So we did. When contention in the council of the commonwealths was rife, And the long-fanned, smoldering cm bers leaped to furiouß flames of strife, At the sounding of the drum Half the world cried, “It has come! Neither God, nor man, nor devil can preserve the union’s life; You can never, never do it.” But we did. Though it tore our every vital, There was this much in requital- That we did. When the weary war was over, amt the blackness of a skin Ceased to be the sign and symbol of a nation’s blacker sin, Still the cry was, “All your slaagh ter Only leaves you oil and water, Btirring In a common measure, bnt mi unity within. You can never reconcile them.” But we did. And our compass shows no sectKm Harboring discord and defecting, For we did. Now again we face a problem, with Its settlement in doubt, And in trouble and in travail we mast work the answer out, Do it with our own brains solely. Do it with our own hands wholly, Hampered by no foreign nation, ham pered by no party shout. You and I must face and do It, And we will. , There s a shifting way and wtxnmc way, There’s a lasting way and strong way; But we will. Far across the western blueness is the glint of crimson bars; If we re right, the colors stay there spite of all the might of Mars, If we re wrong, we will withdraw them. Better mankind never saw them Thau to flaunt them over empires with a stain upon the stara. 1 ime and truth can solve the qnee tion. And they will. Masbe your way. maybe my way, But. O Flag of "Freedom, thy way That they will!