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Women's Advantages in New Zealand.
If there is a country where women have little or nothing to complain of except bad weather and those person al idiosyncrasies which cannot be avoided and are sometimes irritating under ideal conditions, it is surely New Zealand. In that favored and comparatively new country universi ties are co-educational, and have been for years, awarding degrees to men aad women with perfect impartiality. Women are not grudged practicing such professions as they may be proficient in, and they possess what Is supposed would fill the cup of all women’s happiness—suffrage. How ever, they worked for and attained it, though it must in justice be added that men were not loth to lend their help. Mrs. Daledy of Auckland was president and Mrs. Kitson was secre tary of a franchise league by means of which the preliminary work was car ried on. and after years of hard work a bill legalizing universal suffrage was passed in 1893, the late Sir Ge vge Grey and the former premier, Sir Rob ert Start, lending their influence in favor of the bill. Another leader was Lady Annie Start, the wife of Sir Robert, Start, now chief justice. The remz-rkable fact is recorded that on the first occasion when n cast their votes 91 per cent, of those reg istered voted, a sharp rebuke to the indifference manifested in this coun try by women who profess to wish to vote, but stay away from the polls on insufficient reasons. On the passage of the suffrage bill the franchise league was dissolved, but came to gether afterward under the name of the woman’s political ’ education league. It studies political questions with care, discusses situations as they arise, and in consequence the women rote intelligently. In Australia Wo men have been slower in taking the same position, but suffrage is guaran teed them also, being supported by the leading men and women of the coun try. In Sydney and Melbourne co-edu cation is the rule in the universities, and degrees are given without regard to aex. The woman’s college in Syd ney Is largely the result of the con stant and unsparing labors of Lady Duff. Miss Macdonald, the principal of the college, is a woman of high edu cational standing,having distinguished herself both in the university of Edin borough and that of London, where she received her degree. Another woman deeply interested in the col lege is Miss Wooley, whose father is dean of the university. Miss Wooley Is a leader in the suffrage movement. Science of Housekeeping. All sorts of interesting things in the way of cooking schools are going on. for instance, ‘‘The school of domestic arts and science” of Chicago, incor porated last June under that name, es tablished by the women’s clubs, and, through the kindness of Mrs. Philip D. Armour, endowed with the entire equipment of the department of do mestic science of Armour institute of technology, is just opening and ac cording to its prospectus: The object of this organization shall be to cultivate domestic arts, to teach scientific housekeeping and to uplift domestic service. ft shall aim to teach cooking, sew ing, dressmaking, millinery, home narsing, hygiene and household eco nomics. It shall promote discussion of house hold problems among women by ar ranging meetings for such discussion. The membership is divided into three classes: — Governing—ss a year; conferring a vote on all matters pertaining to the school; three demonstration lectures, three general lectures, and all con ferences. Associate —$1 a year; one demon stration lecture, one general lecture, and all conferences. Delegate—From all clubs contribut ing from $lO to SSO, one delegate; SSO or more, two delegates. In addition to the regular courses, evening classes will be offered to those working through the day, and It Is expected that club women will form such classes. Further, a teacher will be sent on request to private houses, where classes of not more than five have been formed. Since the Bible normal college has moved from Springfield t.o Hartford, Miss Coggcshall has resigned, and her place is filled by Miss Bertha Ter rell, a graduate from Mount Holyoke. Miss Terrell studied at the school of housekeeping in Boston last year, and will give courses in home economics. The home department of u.e worn an's club of Portland, Or., has made an effort to improve domestic service by opening a free cooking school, and for five months members of the de partment have given lessons on two evenings of every week, followed by educational talks, to a class of work ing women numbering 40. Attendance for 24 evenings entitled each pupil to a certificate, but only about 20 of the 125 deserved It, chiefly owing to the fact that these girls are in service. and it was Impossible to be always regular. During the five months of the school’s operation 226 girls have been trained. The fall term of the school of housekeeping at St. Botolph street, Boston, opened October 2. The new est feature is the professional course, Intended for those who have had a uni versity or college training. Among new pupils ai*e holders of scholarships, supported by the association of colle giate alumnae. News at Vassar College. Miss Helon Miller Gould has estab lished two new scholarships of SIO,OOO each at Vassar college, one for gradu ates of the Tarrytown high school, and the other for graduates of the Wash ington Irving high school at Irvington, N. Y. Considerable enthusiasm is aroused among the students by the in troduction of the English game, lawn hockey. Miss Constance Applebee of England is organizing teams and coaching them. As yet no regular ground has been laid out, but the ath letic association hopes soon to have a field of close turf, such as is really needed, if the game is played to best advantage. The college orchestra seems to promise excellent work this year. It has now the full number of strings; there are eight violins, six second vo lins, two violas, two ’cellos, one double bass, two flutes, one clarinet. One or two other wind instruments may be added, and since the interest in the orchestra seems to be great, Prof. Gow hopes in time to obtain the full complement of instruments for a small orchestra. The orchestra Is now studying Mozart’s G minor sym phony, and expects later in the year to take up the Schubert “Unfinished.” In Egypt. Mrs. Leland Stanford, who returned the first of September from over a year’s travel In Europe, Egypt and Palestine, was much and sadly im pressed by the low state, mentally, morally and physically, In which she found the Egyptian women. The filth in which they lived, apparently know ing no better, the slavish subjection of their daily life, embittered the time spent in Egypt, and from having had but little interest in foreign missions, Mrs. Stanford now feels that mission aries alone can help these women to raise themselves, and she has returned converted to foreign missions, hav ing viewed the work done for the na tives. She also much admired the work done by the government schools, and the interest felt in America on the part of the pupils, and was astonished to find how much they knew about it. Piogress in Bulgaria. Bulgarian women have just held their fiist national congress, 27 soci eties being represented at the meeting at Sofia, when they organized a feder ation for “the Intellectual and moral education of women and the improve ment of their condition.” Among sub jects brought up for debate were the industrial condition of Bulgarian wo men, their education and their atti tude toward the iuternational move ment for peace. Resolutions were adopted asking that women be ad mitted to the special high schools of Bulgaria; that a professional school for women be founded and supported by government, that public schools for girls shall be conducted as those for [boys are, with the same studies, etc.; that women be admitted to examina tions in pharmacy and be made eligi ble as assistant chemists In drug stores; petitioned the municipal coun cil qf Sofia “that the brothel now building be changed to a reformatory,” and voted that the woman’s rights fed eration of Bulgaria should show its sympathy with the International peace movement by “bowing courtesy to the women delegates during the festival of the international- peace league, to be held in May, 1902. American Women Can Dance. As was to be expected, the Invidious remarks on American dancing by Eng lish dancing masters and their busi ness journals have been met by plump contradictions and scornful counter criticism. American women, being 'questioned at watering places by Inter ested reporters, declare one and all that, as every one knows, English wo men as a rule are more clumsy with both feet and hands; that as a genetal thing they are not sent to dancing school as young as Americans are; that they do not carry themselves igracefully as a rule; that they do not inter society as early as the Ameri- Icans do, and therefore are not as easy in their manners. One Narragansett I belle is credited with saying:— "The American girl is undoubtedly a better dancer than her English or con I tinental sister. The English girl never reverses; she is clumsy, and her arms are hold up in such a way as to accentuate her natural angular ity, the usual opinion of the English woman's plumpness notwithstanding The English woman is at her best when she is a matron, and tuen she 1* mo old and stiff to make & pleasing figure on the ball-room floor. Contrast the lithe, supple, graceful New York or southern girl who lends her mind and body to the delicious ,>oetry of motion. It would be perhaps unwo nauly to dwell at length on the rela tive size of feet, but the American wo man who daintily picks up her fluffy train and steps upon the floor is never embarrassed about her pedal extrcml ties.” I The professional dancers and danc ing masters all tell the same story. What seems to have been the most ir ritating in the English animadversions is the accusation of “hopping.” To be told that either the American man or woman “hops” (obnoxious word!) is not to be borne. The American wo | man glides through the waltz, she would no sooner hop than romp through it. Poetry of motion is what she studies and what she usually achieves. William Pitt Rivers, a prominent member of the dancing masters’ association in this country, says: “There are more teachers of dancing in America than in any other | country in the world, and we lead in I this branch of education.” Ho repudi ates the English charges with scorn. Jewels Nearly 6,000 Years Old. The Egyptologist, Flinders Petrie, has lately made an extraordinary fl’id in the tomb of King Zet at Abydos. years B. C.. was rudely disturbed four year sB. C., was rudely disturbed four years ago. but not until this spring were the jewels of his queen, buried in the same tomb, brought to light. These consist of four bracelets, one made of alternate placques of gold and turquoise, each surmounted by the royal hawk, and paneled to represent the front of a tomb or palace. In an other the center piece of gold was I copied from the seed vessel of some I plant. On either side of it are beads of turquoise and gold, and lastly a large amethyst of a deep shade. The most singular thing in these jewels is considered the fine quality of the soldering, which is so well done as to render it impossible to detect the joint. Other finds in the same tomb are a whole dinner service and more than 100 models of tools, and the royal scepter itself. The dinner service, a dozen dishes, is of thin beaten copper. The scepter is made of cylinders of rich red sardonyx, held together by means of a copper rod in the center ! and bound around by seven gold bands i placed at regular intervals. Curious , enough, certainly, and why should the poor woman’s gauds be now exposed to the crowd? She would have done better to throw them in the sacred , Nile. Fashion Notes. The velvet ribbon craze grow-: more and more contagious, if hat is pos sible. Parisian lace gowns show bows and loops in all sorts of fanciful arrangements, and, in fact, wherever delicate colors are used there may be found the inevitable velvet, In either black or colors. Lacings of it across the front of a waist are also popular. Bows and streamers appear on ties, and knots of velvet ribbon on hats. A lovely imported evening wrap is of rich dark green velvet, lined with palest pink satin, and cut in empire style. The broad collar is of two bands, each edged with ermine, the lower band falling over the shoulder. The striking feature of the garment is the sleeve, which is loose and slashed ail the way up the back. At a polm just above the elbow a filling of hand some lace is inserted, and allowed to close the sleeve to the hand, where It terminates in a deep flounce. A row of buttons and tiny silk cord loops draw the sleeve together as desired. One of the newest trimmings for the modish automobile tie is the decora tion of heavy braid, in striking black and white effects. Another odd fancy is an edging of little metal cord or quaint patterns worked out in this material on the ends of the tie. Tiny buttohs of metal or pearl on the collar part are equally in favor. Sleeves are to be made • with more fullness about the upper part than formerly, and there Is a tendency ap pearing to set little epaulets over the shoulders to give a broad effect or to broaden out the collars on the side as far as possible. Some of the new silk waists have the sleeves plaited or gathered from top to bottom, so that the plaits or folds .run horizontally across the arm. White felt, always becoming, ta to be worn this season, which means a decided novelty in hats, since this has not been seen In some years. A (etch ing white felt tricorne, trimmed with black satin and great biaek os trich plumes, is one of the most youth ful looking bats of the season. The satin folds softly about the crown and Is caught with a large buckle In front, terminating in a bow in the back. The plumes spring from each side of the back and curl prettily over the rolling, upturned sides of the brim.—Washing ton Post. Going as They Piease. Some time ago cats were imported into Australia to subdue the plague of rabbits. Now come complaints from New South Wales and Victoria that the birds are being destroyed, the i cats, which were only intended to prey upon the rabbits, having turned l their attention to the feathered in habitants of the country, according to Youth’s Companion, while the foxea introduced for some other pvrposa are robbing the hen yards and asst*- ing the cats In the war on naii<v i birds. 1 ' Princeton haa an enrollment of 1.400. jore Holding Corn. The serious shortening of the corn crop in many portions of the west has nga'n emphasised the utter folly of | living up to the full extent of one’s 1a- I come. Thousands of farmers do this not because they are obliged to. but because they have not learned the art of saving. The man who is trying to pay off indebtedness has some ex .a i\ i for being short a season like this, i.-.t j the farmer who is out of debt has no excuse whatever for being distress and by the failure of a single crop tmi season. Many farmers manage to get. along comfortably from year to year on an income of only two to four hun . dred dollars. Give them two or throe extra good seasons and double their income and they will spend all of it , just the same. I meet farmers who are practically bankrupt, says a cor respondent, and they talk and act like poor old Job. I meet others who have only the few' dollars they received for their wheat and they talk like they thought the whole country bn the i verge of ruination. Recently I mot a I man who said his corn would yield about five bushels to the acre, but as he has about flf’een hundred bushels of old corn in the crib, and the short ness in the new crop has about doubled its sel'ing value, he is not wor tying very much over the prospect. He said he always holds about fifteen hundred bushels until assured of an other crop, and has never failed to get a sufficient advance over the winter selling price to fully cover all shrlnk -1 age and other loss. This year, as In two previous years, it has doubled in value between husking time and the following August. The shrinkage of corn in a good crib is not great if it is put in when in good condition. The crib must not bo very wide. Eight feet is about right. The roof must be rain proof so that not a drop of water can get in. Two years ago a fanner wrote me asking about roofing his crib. He sa ! d he had spared money enough to build a good one, eight feet wide, ten feet high and thirty-two feet long. After he had built it he d'seovered that' a good roof was going to cost about as much as all | the rest of the crib and wanted to know if I could help him with any sug gestions. I advised h'm to buy cheap boards, the cheapest he could get. nail them on safely and then immediately cover them with roofing felt, pain ing it with two coats of the preparation made for that purpose. I further sug gested that twelve inches fall would be ample for the roof if covered iu tilts manner. Last spring ho wrote me that he had acted on my suggestions and had put on a roof that was "cheap er than dirt,” and that It was perfect and b’d fair to last for years. When the felt is worn out by the elements the boards under’it will still be as good as ever because they are kept dry; then another coat of felt can be put on and the roof be good for an other term of years. I have covered poultry houses with cheap cottonwood boards and then put on a cover of felt and they have remained good for eight years and are apparently good for ten more. A carpenter once advised me to run all buildings as high as possi ble, for. said he, the roof, to tie good, will cost you as much as all the rest of the building. If one will use a good grade of roofing felt he can make his roof of the cheapest lumber he can buy. All that is necessary Is that the felt shall be put on so that no ra'n can get under the upper edge, that it shall be well nailed down, and painted with the preparation made for that purpose. These roofs are suitable for poultry houses, corn cribs and similar build ings, and one foot In eight is sufficient fall for them. Meat For Winter Ut-e. It is always desirable to keep more or less meat fresh during the winter, and for this reason many pack it away in snow and Ice—a thing which snould not be done, In that much of the Jofce Is thereby wasted. Bather It Hho.ild be cut up In Just the sizes and shapes which will be wanted for future cok ing, then Bet in a cool place where It will freeze hard. Following Is the way to proceed after that; Take a clean barrel, or box, place In the bottom a layer of grain, either oats, wheat or rye, and this cover with pnper, any kind of which will suffice If only clean. Then wrap each piece of frozen meat separately, and In case of steak wrap up enough for one meal, while even a roast or a stew may be wrapped each by itself. Place a layer of these pieces In the receptacle and cover again with grain as before. The last layer cover with a good depth of grain, whereupon set the whole away in a cool place, and It will be all right for winter. Truth to tell, thousands of dollars could be saved qrnong the farmers In the United States it *hey would only produce and protect their own beef, ac cording to the above described meth ods. In case a farmer with a family has no beef animal that he can use for this purpose, he should purchase one of about the size wanted, from a yearling up to a cow or ox. Even two neighbors might, sometimes Join and each take half of the meat. Assuming that an animal has been purchased out of a drove, the same should not be butchered until It has been fed a few weeks. Why? Because keeping ft quiet for a while and feeding It well | will materially Improve the quality of | the meat. Furthermore, the beef of an animal is much better when in good health and on the grain at the time of kiting, than when the animal is sick and tired and falling away by reason of a hard journey. Indeed, thousands of beeves are killed yearly, | and the meat exposed for sale in our | markets, which is not fit to eat on this 1 very account. After beef has been hung up over v ,ht. and become perfectly cool, it - nou'd be taken down and cut up in sc.cli pieces as will be wanted for fu ure cooking, either for steak\ baking, j roasts, soups, or for corning. If one has a surplus, he should of course sell jit to his neighbors, or better yet, if I generously inclined, give a few pieces Ito some poor funnily not able to pur chase and pack away. There are those who relish a little corned beef now and then, however, and In ihat case, anew, clean half barrel should be pro cured. the meat cut up in just such sized pieces as will be wanted in the future for cooking, and. having been packed closely, a pickle made of four pounds of sugar, four pounds of salt, and if su ted to the tasies of those who are to eat it. one-half ounce of saltpe ter. with liquid enough to cover an me pieces of meat. Beef ,hus corned will be found vastly superior to that sup plied by the butcher. Skill in Milking. Milking is an operation which re quires skill, as It has an important ef fect on the amount and quality of milk given. Dairymen know that there are as great differences between milkers as between cows and that cows will do much better with Borne milkers than with others. Indeed, good cows are often almost ruined by poor m'lkers. The milker should avoid hundlitig the cow more than necessary, and he should make it a rule to do his work quickly and thoroughly. He should never go from a sick to a wen cow , wi.hout first cleansing his hare; The i habit of wetting the lianas yiih mnk Is filthy in the extreme and ibould I never be practiced. Some people think it is necessary, hut this is a mis take. The hands should be kept dry. If they are not, it is impossible to pre vent drops of milk from constantly | falling from them into the pall. I The pall should he held close to tlic I udder, so as to expose the milk to the | air as little* as possible. The farther the streams fall and the more they spray, the more dirt and bacteria they collect. Contamination from the fore milk must be avoided, by discarding the first few streams drawn, or less than a gill in all. This entails Utile loss, as the first milk drawn Is always poor in butter fat. ami if It happens to be badly contaminated, as Is frequent ly the case, much injury and trouble may be saved. Care in Feeding Cows. The cow requires not only materials for maintenance, but must also have protein, fat and c arbohydrutes to make milk from. The milk contains water, I fat, protein (casein, or curd), sugar, '•ho ash, and there arc all made from the constituents of the food. If insuf ficient protein, fat, and carbohydrates are conta'ncd in the food given her, the cow supplies this deficiency for a •line by drawing on her own body, and gradually begins to shrink In quantity or quality of milk, or both. The stingy feeder cheats himself as well as the cow. She suffers from hunger, a: though her belly Is full of swale hay, i but she also becomes pooi and docs not yield the milk and butter she ] should. Her milk glands are a won- j derful machine, but they cannot make' inilk casein (curd) out of the carbohy drates in coarse, unappetizing, indi gestible swale hay or sawdust any more than the farmer himself can make butter from skim milk. She must not only have a generous supply of good food, but It must contain auf fleient amounts of the nutrients need ed for making milk. Until tins fact m understood and appreciated, success fui, profitable dairying is out of the question. The cow must be regarded as a sort of living machine. She takes the raw materials given her in the form of food and works them over into milk. If the supply of proper mate rials Is small, the output will be small. The cow that will not repay generous feeding should be disposed of at once and one bought that will, 'i uere are certain Inbred characteristics which even liberal feeding cannot overcome. Electricity Is fast coming to the aid of the overworked typewriter, says a writer In Success. Typewriting hat become such an Import; t matter In all large commercial houtes, In almost every country In the world, except Turkey,—where the machines were excluded by the sultan, because they were manufactured In the United States, —that the application of motive power, for the purpose of Increasin'; efficiency, will be welcomed. In the new electrical device, the physical force Is supplied by an electric cur rent, acting through a magnet. The operator works with more rapidity, for the keys fall to one-third the depth, with one-tenth the pressure required on the modern machine. It Is claimed that the electricity will secure uni uniformity of the writing, and that the light action will make It possible for the manipula tor to use all his Algers. As Increased current will print a dozen manifold copies with equal ease. SHEEP HERDING. A gray, slow moving, dust bepowdered wave, That on the edges breaks to scat tering spray; ’Round which my faithful collies wheel and bark To scurry in the laggard feet that stray; A babel of complaining tongues that make The still air weary with their cease less fret; Brown hills akin to those of Galilee, On which the shepherds tend theii charges yet The long, hot days, the stark, wind beaten nights; No human presence, human sight or sound; Grim, silent land, of wasted hopes where thby Who came for gold oft-times have madness found; A bleating horror that foregathers speech, Freezing the word that from the lip would pass, And sends the herdsman grovelling with his sheep. Face down and beast-like on the trampled graßS. The collie shalt, the slow herd sways and reels. Huddled In fright above the low ravine. Where wild with thirst a herd un shepherded Beat up and own—With something dark between; A narrow circle ihat they will not cross, A thing that stops the maddest in their run, A guarding dog too weak to lift his head , Who licks a still hand shriveled In the sun. POSTSCRIPTS. “But solitaire,” they protested, "la a game for a single person; It cannot be played by two people." "That's nil you know about It,” be retorted. "My wife has been playing It wdth me for a month, and I guess It’s settled that she’ll get the ring.” ‘Did you tip him off to the police?’ asked the burglar. "Sure,” answered the confident-e --mail. “Why?” "He’s a nonunion safe-blower.” *‘Naw,” said the tramp, "that ain’t no kind of a town. There ain’t a bit of civic pride there.” "How d'you know?” asked his ooni rade. “Know! W’y, I was there at the last ’lection, ’an they wasn’t worryin’ enough over who’d be mayor to pay more’n 60 cents apiece for votes. “Willie,’’ said his father as he pro , ceeded with the laying on of hands .“I am sorry to have to do thin—lt ; hurts mo more than it does you." "We!!,” returned the precocious youngster resignedly, "I never did be Hove in these here sympathetic strikes anyhow. They always do more harm than good.” He had been holding her hand most of the evening. As ho a dis position to release it without asking the momcritous question she suggest ed quite casually: “Of course, you un derstand that goods taken on approval are considered disposed of after they have been held a certain length of time.” Naturally, he appreciated that the hand was his without the asking ABOUT TITLED PEOPLE.. Not many British peers can boast of owning a gold mine on their estates lr> the British isles. This, however, b the happy position of the duke of Sutherland. His gold fields are near Helmsdale, In Sutherland shire They were discovered In 1860. The lab duke of Sutherland granted licenses mine, and s‘lo,ooo worth of gold war found In three years. The duke, ho* ever, rru-olveil such a sum II sum -$5 a month for the licenses, and the coin pensation to farmers and others wa ko large, that lie abandoned the inter prise. The most, wretched man on earth It said to be a monarch —Norodom, king of Cambodia lie has a gorgeou:- palace furnished recording to the mom expensive Ideas, bet he adheres to tie customs of his ancestors, and sleep* on an ancient carpet in a kind of shed that has not been cleaned since the creation. He Is a miserable victim to hypochondria, and all day long be heaves long sighs of utter wretched ness. This monarch Is a shert, fat person with one eye. Igird Lonsdale is perhaps more prominent In the British sporting world than any other man of title He owns the finest pack of hounds in England, is a splendid bo-or, ride* and drives to perfection ami bur earned fume as a yatchsman. hunter and explorer. Asa further dlstlnr Hon. he is patron of forty church livings. A French electrical Journal of stair, ing reports that at a railway station *t Vienna they have a phonograph whirr calls out In stentorian tones par tlculars of the tftilns from time t< time. The work was formerly done by a railway porter, but as the phono graph Is controlled by electricity. be has now only to presx a button an start the instrument. A high speed electric railway ha recently been opened between Mlla and Varese, Italy. The distance of 50 miles Is covered In 50 minutes, tie train reaching a speed of 00 miles u> nour. Thu third rail and four motor cars are used. Power Is obtained from the Ticino at Tornavento